- Virtual reality surgery: neurosurgery and the contemporary landscapeMark A Spicer
Department of Neurological Surgery, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90033, USA
Neurosurgery 52:489-97; discussion 496-7. 2003..An overview of the status of surgical simulation with regard to its adaptability to current surgical training regimens is presented...
- Virtual reality neurosurgery: a simulator blueprintMark A Spicer
Department of Neurological Surgery, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, 1200 North State Street, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
Neurosurgery 54:783-97; discussion 797-8. 2004..Techniques based on modified computational modeling paradigms incorporating finite element analysis are presented, as are current and projected efforts directed toward the implementation of a novel bidirectional haptic device...