Robert Sawyer

Summary

Affiliation: University of Virginia
Country: USA

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Common complications in the surgical intensive care unit
    Robert G Sawyer
    Department of Surgery, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA
    Crit Care Med 38:S483-93. 2010
  2. ncbi request reprint Increased early morbidity and mortality with acceptable long-term function in severely obese patients undergoing liver transplantation
    R G Sawyer
    Charles O Strickler Transplant Center, Department of Surgery, University of Virginia HSC, Charlottesville 22906 0005, USA
    Clin Transplant 13:126-30. 1999
  3. pmc Implications of 2,457 consecutive surgical infections entering year 2000
    R G Sawyer
    Charles O Strickler Transplant Center, University of Virginia Department of Surgery, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908 0709, USA
    Ann Surg 233:867-74. 2001
  4. doi request reprint Detection and initial management of complicated skin and soft tissue infections caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
    Robert G Sawyer
    Surgical Trauma Intensive Care Unit, Department of Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA 22908 0709, USA
    Surg Infect (Larchmt) 9:s11-5. 2008
  5. ncbi request reprint Effect of an intensive care unit rotating empiric antibiotic schedule on the development of hospital-acquired infections on the non-intensive care unit ward
    Michael G Hughes
    Department of Surgery, University of Virginia, Charlottesville 22908, USA
    Crit Care Med 32:53-60. 2004
  6. ncbi request reprint Cost of Gram-negative resistance
    Heather L Evans
    Department of Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA, USA
    Crit Care Med 35:89-95. 2007
  7. ncbi request reprint The appropriate use of antibiotics in surgery: a review of surgical infections
    Traci L Hedrick
    University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA
    Curr Probl Surg 44:635-75. 2007
  8. ncbi request reprint Impact of antibiotic-resistant Gram-negative bacilli infections on outcome in hospitalized patients
    Daniel P Raymond
    Surgical Infectious Disease Research Laboratory, Department of Surgery, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA
    Crit Care Med 31:1035-41. 2003
  9. ncbi request reprint Contrast-enhanced MR angiography after pancreas transplantation: normal appearance and vascular complications
    Klaus D Hagspiel
    Department of Radiology, University of Virginia Health System, 1215 Lee St, PO Box 800170, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 184:465-73. 2005
  10. ncbi request reprint Contact isolation in surgical patients: a barrier to care?
    Heather L Evans
    Department of Surgery, UVA Health System, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA
    Surgery 134:180-8. 2003

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications74

  1. doi request reprint Common complications in the surgical intensive care unit
    Robert G Sawyer
    Department of Surgery, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA
    Crit Care Med 38:S483-93. 2010
    ..In addition to clinical and technical expertise, performance improvement and quality monitoring activities provide direction for system solutions required to properly address many complications that are not provider specific...
  2. ncbi request reprint Increased early morbidity and mortality with acceptable long-term function in severely obese patients undergoing liver transplantation
    R G Sawyer
    Charles O Strickler Transplant Center, Department of Surgery, University of Virginia HSC, Charlottesville 22906 0005, USA
    Clin Transplant 13:126-30. 1999
    ..Liver transplantation in severely obese patients is associated with wound infection and early death from multisystem organ failure, but has similar long-term outcomes when compared to non-obese controls...
  3. pmc Implications of 2,457 consecutive surgical infections entering year 2000
    R G Sawyer
    Charles O Strickler Transplant Center, University of Virginia Department of Surgery, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908 0709, USA
    Ann Surg 233:867-74. 2001
    ..To assess the demographics and characteristics of infections in surgical patients to define areas that deserve emphasis in surgical education...
  4. doi request reprint Detection and initial management of complicated skin and soft tissue infections caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
    Robert G Sawyer
    Surgical Trauma Intensive Care Unit, Department of Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA 22908 0709, USA
    Surg Infect (Larchmt) 9:s11-5. 2008
    ..Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is one of the leading causes of SSTIs, and surgeons and other healthcare providers should assess these infections carefully to improve patient outcomes...
  5. ncbi request reprint Effect of an intensive care unit rotating empiric antibiotic schedule on the development of hospital-acquired infections on the non-intensive care unit ward
    Michael G Hughes
    Department of Surgery, University of Virginia, Charlottesville 22908, USA
    Crit Care Med 32:53-60. 2004
    ..We hypothesized that this intervention would decrease infectious complications in the non-ICU ward to which these patients were transferred...
  6. ncbi request reprint Cost of Gram-negative resistance
    Heather L Evans
    Department of Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA, USA
    Crit Care Med 35:89-95. 2007
    ..We wished to test the hypothesis that rGNR infections are associated with higher resource utilization...
  7. ncbi request reprint The appropriate use of antibiotics in surgery: a review of surgical infections
    Traci L Hedrick
    University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA
    Curr Probl Surg 44:635-75. 2007
  8. ncbi request reprint Impact of antibiotic-resistant Gram-negative bacilli infections on outcome in hospitalized patients
    Daniel P Raymond
    Surgical Infectious Disease Research Laboratory, Department of Surgery, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA
    Crit Care Med 31:1035-41. 2003
    ..The impact of resistant (vs. nonresistant) Gram-negative infections on mortality remains unclear. We sought to define risk factors for and excess mortality from these infections...
  9. ncbi request reprint Contrast-enhanced MR angiography after pancreas transplantation: normal appearance and vascular complications
    Klaus D Hagspiel
    Department of Radiology, University of Virginia Health System, 1215 Lee St, PO Box 800170, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 184:465-73. 2005
  10. ncbi request reprint Contact isolation in surgical patients: a barrier to care?
    Heather L Evans
    Department of Surgery, UVA Health System, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA
    Surgery 134:180-8. 2003
    ..Contact isolation is commonly used to prevent transmission of resistant organisms. We hypothesized that contact isolation negatively impacts the amount of direct patient care...
  11. pmc Obesity and pulmonary complications in critically injured adults
    Lesly A Dossett
    Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USA
    Chest 134:974-80. 2008
    ..Whether or not obesity contributes to pulmonary complications after critical injury is poorly understood...
  12. doi request reprint Preventing bacterial resistance in surgical patients
    Heather L Evans
    Department of Surgery, University of Washington, Harborview Medical Center, Seattle, WA 98104 2499, USA
    Surg Clin North Am 89:501-19, x. 2009
    ..The use of antibiotic cycling programs for critically ill patients may be another approach to preserving the efficacy of the currently antimicrobial against the continued pressure of increasing bacterial resistance...
  13. ncbi request reprint Anastomotic leak and the loop ileostomy: friend or foe?
    Traci L Hedrick
    Department of Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia 22901, USA
    Dis Colon Rectum 49:1167-76. 2006
    ..This study was designed to evaluate the use of proximal diversion and surgical drainage as an alternative to anastomotic resection in the operative management of patients with anastomotic complications...
  14. ncbi request reprint Single-institutional experience with the surgical infection prevention project in intra-abdominal surgery
    Traci L Hedrick
    Surgical Infectious Disease Laboratory, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, USA
    Surg Infect (Larchmt) 8:425-35. 2007
    ..We hypothesized that institutional implementation of a protocol targeting known risk factors would reduce the incidence of SSI associated with intra-abdominal surgery...
  15. ncbi request reprint The effect of a low-carbohydrate, high-protein diet on post laparoscopic gastric bypass weight loss: a prospective randomized trial
    Brian R Swenson
    Department of Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908 0300, USA
    J Surg Res 142:308-13. 2007
    ..Laparoscopic gastric bypass has become the standard surgical treatment for severe obesity in the United States. Less clear is what diet should be followed by these patients after surgery to maximize their weight loss...
  16. ncbi request reprint Health-care-associated infections and prevention
    Traci L Hedrick
    Surgical Infectious Disease Laboratory, PO Box 801380, Department of Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, USA
    Surg Clin North Am 85:1137-52, ix. 2005
    ..The article also discusses the utility of hand hygiene policies...
  17. ncbi request reprint Is fever protective in surgical patients with bloodstream infection?
    Brian R Swenson
    Department of Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA 22908 0300, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 204:815-21; discussion 822-3. 2007
    ..Our hypothesis was that fever and leukocytosis during BSI would be associated with gram-negative pathogens and worse outcomes among hospitalized surgical patients...
  18. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of vascular complications of pancreas transplantation with high-spatial-resolution contrast-enhanced MR angiography
    Klaus D Hagspiel
    Department of Radiology and Division of Transplant Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, PO Box 800170, 1215 Lee St, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA
    Radiology 242:590-9. 2007
    ..To retrospectively evaluate high-spatial-resolution contrast material-enhanced three-dimensional (3D) magnetic resonance (MR) angiography for assessment of vascular complications of pancreas allografts...
  19. ncbi request reprint Outcome analysis of intraabdominal infection with resistant gram-positive organisms
    Shawn J Pelletier
    Department of Surgery, Room 3150, MR4, Lane Road, University of Virginia Health Systems, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA
    Surg Infect (Larchmt) 3:11-9. 2002
    ....
  20. ncbi request reprint Can we define the ideal duration of antibiotic therapy?
    Traci L Hedrick
    University of Virginia Surgical Infectious Disease Laboratory, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA
    Surg Infect (Larchmt) 7:419-32. 2006
    ..We also sought to investigate the difference between a fixed duration of therapy and one based on physiologic measures such as fever and leukocytosis...
  21. ncbi request reprint Prevention of surgical site infections
    Traci L Hedrick
    Department of Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, PO Box 801380, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA
    Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 4:223-33. 2006
    ..In addition, an overview of the epidemiology, pathophysiology and microbiology of surgical site infections will be provided...
  22. pmc Effects of preoperative skin preparation on postoperative wound infection rates: a prospective study of 3 skin preparation protocols
    Brian R Swenson
    Departments of Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, 22908 0300, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 30:964-71. 2009
    ..To compare the effects of different skin preparation solutions on surgical-site infection rates...
  23. ncbi request reprint Cardiovascular collapse during living-directed orthotopic liver transplantation associated with the transfusion of contaminated red blood cells
    Edward C Nemergut
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA
    J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 21:870-2. 2007
  24. pmc Obesity and site-specific nosocomial infection risk in the intensive care unit
    Lesly A Dossett
    Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, Department of Surgery, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37212, USA
    Surg Infect (Larchmt) 10:137-42. 2009
    ..Our objective was to describe the relation between body mass index (BMI) and site-specific ICU-acquired infection risk in adults...
  25. pmc Choosing antibiotics for intra-abdominal infections: what do we mean by "high risk"?
    Brian R Swenson
    Department of Surgery, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908 0709, USA
    Surg Infect (Larchmt) 10:29-39. 2009
    ..The definition of "high risk" in intra-abdominal infections remains vague. The purpose of this study was to investigate patient characteristics associated with a high risk of isolation of resistant pathogens from an intra-abdominal source...
  26. pmc Identification of risk factors for the development of clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea following treatment of polymicrobial surgical infections
    ROSEMARIE METZGER
    Department of Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA 22908 0300, USA
    Ann Surg 251:722-7. 2010
    ..To identify risk factors for Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea (CDAD) in surgical patients following treatment of polymicrobial infections...
  27. pmc Reduction in rates of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection after introduction of quarterly linezolid-vancomycin cycling in a surgical intensive care unit
    Robert L Smith
    Department of Surgery, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908 0709, USA
    Surg Infect (Larchmt) 9:423-31. 2008
    ..Creative interventions may be required to reverse or stabilize this trend...
  28. doi request reprint Outbreak of resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections during a quarterly cycling antibiotic regimen
    Traci L Hedrick
    Department of Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA
    Surg Infect (Larchmt) 9:139-52. 2008
    ..Antibiotic cycling or rotation of antimicrobial agent classes has been proposed to combat antimicrobial resistance...
  29. doi request reprint Anti-thymocyte globulin for the treatment of acute cellular rejection following liver transplantation
    Timothy M Schmitt
    Department of Surgery, University of Virginia Health Services, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA
    Dig Dis Sci 55:3224-34. 2010
    ..Acute cellular rejection (ACR) post-liver transplantation (LT) can usually be reversed with pulse dose steroids. Anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) is used to treat steroid-resistant rejection (SRR)...
  30. doi request reprint Differences in early- and late-onset ventilator-associated pneumonia between surgical and trauma patients in a combined surgical or trauma intensive care unit
    Traci L Hedrick
    Department of Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA
    J Trauma 64:714-20. 2008
    ..We sought to compare differences in patient characteristics and outcome between early- and late-onset VAP in trauma and nontrauma surgical patients...
  31. doi request reprint Antimicrobial-impregnated surgical incise drapes in the prevention of mesh infection after ventral hernia repair
    Brian R Swenson
    Department of Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908 0300, USA
    Surg Infect (Larchmt) 9:23-32. 2008
    ..Antimicrobial surgical incise drapes are used in an effort to lower the risk of mesh infection after hernia repair. The effect such drapes on infection rates was examined...
  32. doi request reprint Duration of antibiotic therapy for ventilator-associated pneumonia caused by non-fermentative gram-negative bacilli
    Traci L Hedrick
    University of Virginia Surgical Infectious Disease Laboratory, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, USA
    Surg Infect (Larchmt) 8:589-97. 2007
    ..We recently examined our institutional experience with VAP caused by NFGNB to determine whether shorter courses of antibiotic therapy were associated with higher rates of recurrence...
  33. doi request reprint Does body mass index affect infection-related outcomes in the intensive care unit?
    Robert L Smith
    Department of Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, USA
    Surg Infect (Larchmt) 8:581-8. 2007
    ..We hypothesized that increasing BMI would be an independent predictor of higher mortality rates in the surgical/trauma ICU...
  34. ncbi request reprint Does the addition of glutamine to enteral feeds affect patient mortality?
    Alison Saalwachter Schulman
    Department of Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA, USA
    Crit Care Med 33:2501-6. 2005
    ..The objective was to study in a prospective fashion the effects of adding glutamine to standard or immune-modulated (supplemented with omega-3 fatty acids, beta-carotene, and amino acids such as glutamine and arginine) tube feeds...
  35. pmc Wound infection after elective colorectal resection
    Robert L Smith
    Department of Surgery, University of Virginia, Building MR 4, Room 3150, Lane Road, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA
    Ann Surg 239:599-605; discussion 605-7. 2004
    ....
  36. ncbi request reprint Cycling chemotherapy: a promising approach to reducing the morbidity and mortality of nosocomial infections
    Heather L Evans
    Department of Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA
    Drugs Today (Barc) 39:733-8. 2003
    ..Cycling chemotherapy for empiric treatment of suspected infection is a method uniquely designed to address these challenges...
  37. ncbi request reprint E2 quasispecies specificity of hepatitis C virus association with allografts immediately after liver transplantation
    Michael G Hughes
    University of Virginia, Department of Surgery, Surgical Infectious Disease Laboratory, Charlottesville, VA, USA
    Liver Transpl 10:208-16. 2004
    ..02 and P = 0.04, respectively). Immediately after transplantation but before actual infection, liver allografts select out from the infecting serum inoculum a less heterogeneous, more closely related population of quasispecies variants...
  38. ncbi request reprint Does prior transfusion worsen outcomes from infection in surgical patients?
    Michael G Hughes
    Department of Surgery, Surgical Infectious Disease Laboratory, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, USA
    Surg Infect (Larchmt) 4:335-43. 2003
    ..The objective of this study was to determine the effect of transfusion on outcomes among infected surgical patients...
  39. ncbi request reprint Preventing antimicrobial-resistant bacterial infections in surgical patients
    Daniel P Raymond
    Department of Surgery, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22906, USA
    Surg Infect (Larchmt) 3:375-85. 2002
    ..Methods to prevent these infections in surgical patients have rarely been addressed specifically...
  40. ncbi request reprint Improved specificity and sensitivity when using pronase-digested lymphocytes to perform flow-cytometric crossmatch prior to renal transplantation
    Peter I Lobo
    Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Virginia, P O Box 800133, Charlottesville, VA 22098, USA
    Transpl Int 15:563-9. 2002
    ..Fourteen of these patients would have been denied transplants if one were to have relied on UD FCXM. The data clearly indicate that PD FCXM can reliably be used to detect weak IgG anti-HLA antibodies before renal transplantation...
  41. ncbi request reprint Comparison of fungal and nonfungal infections in a broad-based surgical patient population
    Michael G Hughes
    Department of Surgery, Surgical Infectious Disease Laboratory, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, USA
    Surg Infect (Larchmt) 6:55-64. 2005
    ..Our aim was to compare fungal and nonfungal infections among a diverse surgical patient population...
  42. ncbi request reprint Infected physicians and invasive procedures: safe practice management
    Angelique M Reitsma
    The Center for Biomedical Ethics, University of Virginia Health Science Center, Charlottesville, VA 22908 0758, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 40:1665-72. 2005
    ..This policy proposal includes a list of exposure-prone procedures and a decision chart that indicates under what conditions infected physicians can practice beyond the need for disclosure of their serological status...
  43. ncbi request reprint Magnetic resonance urography for the assessment of potential renal donors: comparison of the RARE technique with a low-dose gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance urography technique in the absence of pharmacological and mechanical intervention
    Klaus D Hagspiel
    Department of Radiology, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA
    Eur Radiol 15:2230-7. 2005
    ....
  44. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of protocol implementation on incidence of wound infection in colorectal operations
    Traci L Hedrick
    Department of Surgery, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 205:432-8. 2007
    ..We hypothesized that implementation of a multidisciplinary wound management protocol targeting these risk factors would reduce the incidence of SSI...
  45. ncbi request reprint Nature of gram-negative rod antibiotic resistance during antibiotic rotation
    Heather L Evans
    Surgical Infectious Disease Research Laboratory, Department of Surgery, UVA Health System, Charlottesville, VA 22908 1380, USA
    Surg Infect (Larchmt) 6:223-31. 2005
    ..The aim of this study was to characterize the evolution of gram-negative antibiotic resistance during a study of empiric antibiotic rotation...
  46. ncbi request reprint HCV infection of the transplanted liver: changing CD81 and HVR1 variants immediately after liver transplantation
    Michael G Hughes
    Department of Surgery, Surgical Infectious Disease Laboratory, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA
    Am J Transplant 5:2504-13. 2005
    ..In conclusion, HVR1 quasispecies variants differentially associate with, and infect allografts, after liver transplantation. Additionally, allografts express variable amounts of CD81 after transplantation...
  47. ncbi request reprint Primary human hepatocytes in spheroid formation to study hepatitis C infection
    Tae W Chong
    Department of Surgery, Surgical Infectious Disease Laboratory, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, USA
    J Surg Res 130:52-7. 2006
    ..As hepatocytes are the primary reservoir for the virus in vivo, we report on a model using primary human hepatocytes cultured in spheroid formation...
  48. ncbi request reprint MRI for the diagnosis of blunt abdominal trauma: a case report
    Traci L Hedrick
    Department of Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, P O Box 801380, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA
    Emerg Radiol 11:309-11. 2005
    ..Without contrast material, the sensitivity of CT in the diagnosis of solid organ injury is diminished. We present a case report and literature review of magnetic resonance imaging in the evaluation of blunt abdominal trauma...
  49. doi request reprint Diagnosis and management of complicated intra-abdominal infection in adults and children: guidelines by the Surgical Infection Society and the Infectious Diseases Society of America
    Joseph S Solomkin
    Department of Surgery, The University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio 45267 0558, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 50:133-64. 2010
    ....
  50. pmc High levels of endogenous estrogens are associated with death in the critically injured adult
    Lesly A Dossett
    Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, Department of Surgery, Vanderbilt University Medical Center Nashville, Tennessee, USA
    J Trauma 64:580-5. 2008
    ..Our objective was to determine the relationship between endogenous estrogens and outcomes in critically injured patients...
  51. ncbi request reprint Blood transfusions correlate with infections in trauma patients in a dose-dependent manner
    Jeffrey A Claridge
    Department of Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville 22908 0709, USA
    Am Surg 68:566-72. 2002
    ..Although transfusions are frequently indicated, they should be administered appropriately and with no more pRBCs than absolutely necessary...
  52. ncbi request reprint Ethnic disparities in outcome from posttransplant infections
    Shawn J Pelletier
    Department of Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
    Shock 22:197-203. 2004
    ....
  53. pmc NXL-103, a combination of flopristin and linopristin, for the potential treatment of bacterial infections including community-acquired pneumonia and MRSA
    Amani D Politano
    University of Virginia Health System, Department of Surgery, Box 800709, Charlottesville, VA 22908 0709, USA
    Curr Opin Investig Drugs 11:225-36. 2010
    ..NXL-103 has promise to become an important agent in the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia and complex skin and soft tissue infections, pending further development...
  54. ncbi request reprint Aminoglycosides for intra-abdominal infection: equal to the challenge?
    Jeffrey A Bailey
    Department of Surgery, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Surg Infect (Larchmt) 3:315-35. 2002
    ..We therefore performed a meta-analysis of all prospective randomized controlled trials utilizing aminoglycosides to reevaluate the efficacy of these agents for the treatment of intra-abdominal infection...
  55. ncbi request reprint The Surgical Infection Society guidelines on antimicrobial therapy for intra-abdominal infections: an executive summary
    John E Mazuski
    Department of Surgery, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110 1093, and Bronx Lebanon Hospital Center, Bronx, NY, USA
    Surg Infect (Larchmt) 3:161-73. 2002
    ....
  56. doi request reprint Surgical site infection prevention: the importance of operative duration and blood transfusion--results of the first American College of Surgeons-National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Best Practices Initiative
    Darrell A Campbell
    Department of Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 207:810-20. 2008
    ....
  57. ncbi request reprint The Surgical Infection Society guidelines on antimicrobial therapy for intra-abdominal infections: evidence for the recommendations
    John E Mazuski
    Department of Surgery, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110 1093, and Bronx Lebanon Hospital Center, Bronx, NY, USA
    Surg Infect (Larchmt) 3:175-233. 2002
    ..For many issues, no prospective randomized controlled trials were encountered, and guidelines had to be formulated using evidence from studies with historical controls or uncontrolled data, or on the basis of expert opinion..
  58. ncbi request reprint Guidelines for the selection of anti-infective agents for complicated intra-abdominal infections
    Joseph S Solomkin
    Department of Surgery, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH 45267 0558, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 37:997-1005. 2003
  59. ncbi request reprint Portal vein reconstruction in right lobe living-donor liver transplantation
    Wesley P Thayer
    Charles O Strickler Transplant Center, Department of Surgery, University of Virginia Health Systems, Charlottesville 22908, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 194:96-8. 2002
  60. ncbi request reprint Effect of changes in surgical practice on the rate and detection of nosocomial infections: a prospective analysis
    Traves D Crabtree
    Department of Surgery, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville 22908 0709, USA
    Shock 17:258-62. 2002
    ....
  61. pmc Diagnosis-dependent relationships between cytokine levels and survival in patients admitted for surgical critical care
    Tjasa Hranjec
    Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, Department of Surgery, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 210:833-44, 845-6. 2010
    ..We hypothesized that admission cytokine profiles associated with death would differ based on admitting diagnosis...
  62. ncbi request reprint The other fungi: it's not just Candida albicans anymore
    Alison R Saalwachter
    Department of Surgery, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22901, USA
    Surg Infect (Larchmt) 7:143-50. 2006
    ....
  63. doi request reprint Surgical site infection prevention: how we do it
    Tjasa Hranjec
    Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, Department of Surgery, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, USA
    Surg Infect (Larchmt) 11:289-94. 2010
    ..Efforts to prevent surgical site infection (SSI) employ methods that are valid scientifically, but each institution and each surgeon also incorporates methods believed to be useful although this has not been proved by clinical trials...
  64. ncbi request reprint Does enteral glutamine supplementation decrease infectious morbidity?
    Alison Saalwachter Schulman
    Department of Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908 0709, USA
    Surg Infect (Larchmt) 7:29-35. 2006
    ..This study was designed to investigate the effects of supplemental enteral glutamine on the rate and outcomes of infection in critically ill surgical patients...
  65. ncbi request reprint [Strategy to reduce antibiotic resistance in nosocomial infection. Possibility and practice of cycling therapy. Discussion]
    Yoshinobu Sumiyama
    Jpn J Antibiot 55:361-9. 2002
  66. doi request reprint Moraxella osloensis bacteremia in a kidney transplant recipient
    Costi D Sifri
    Transpl Int 21:1011-3. 2008
  67. ncbi request reprint A consensus statement on empiric therapy for suspected gram-positive infections in surgical patients
    Joseph S Solomkin
    Division of Trauma and Critical Care, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, USA
    Am J Surg 187:134-45. 2004
    ..Multidrug resistance among gram-positive pathogens in tertiary and other care centers is common. A systematic decision pathway to help select empiric antibiotic therapy for suspected gram-positive postsurgical infections is presented...
  68. pmc Estradiol is associated with mortality in critically ill trauma and surgical patients
    Addison K May
    Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USA
    Crit Care Med 36:62-8. 2008
    ..Our objective was to determine whether sex hormone levels were associated with outcomes in critically ill surgical patients...
  69. ncbi request reprint Independent predictors for primary non-function after liver transplantation
    Chang Kwon Oh
    Department of Surgery, Ajou University School of Medicine, 5 Wonchon dong, Yeongtong Gu, Suwon 442 721, Korea
    Yonsei Med J 45:1155-61. 2004
    ..The exact cause of these findings, whether physiologic or immunologic, remains unknown. If confirmed in larger data sets, the attention to these factors may minimize the possibility of PNF in non-emergency situations...
  70. pmc Serum estradiol concentration as a predictor of death in critically ill and injured adults
    Lesly A Dossett
    Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, Department of Surgery, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37212, USA
    Surg Infect (Larchmt) 9:41-8. 2008
    ..Our objective was to determine the predictive ability and test characteristics of the serum estradiol concentration at 48 h in critically ill patients...
  71. ncbi request reprint Infectious complications after hepatic resection
    Robert A Garwood
    Department of Surgery, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908 0709, USA
    Am Surg 70:787-92. 2004
    ..Although gram-negative enteric infections were more common, abdominal, lung, and line infections with gram-positive cocci had higher associated mortality; especially when antibiotic resistant strains were present...
  72. ncbi request reprint Effect of the 80-hour work week on cases performed by general surgery residents
    Shannon Tierney McElearney
    Department of Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, USA
    Am Surg 71:552-5; discussion 555-6. 2005
    ..Comparing other classes and all PGYs, case numbers were not statistically different. Operative training experience does not appear to be hindered by the 80-hour work week...
  73. ncbi request reprint Screening practices of patients presenting for resection of a colorectal neoplasm
    Traci L Hedrick
    University of Virginia Health System, Department of Surgery, P O Box 801380, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA
    Am Surg 72:89-95. 2006
    ..05). Of patients presenting for surgery, 71 per cent underwent CRC screening. Variability exists in the methods employed for CRC screening. CRC screening facilitates diagnosis at an early stage...
  74. ncbi request reprint The safety of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube placement in patients with existing ventriculoperitoneal shunts
    Alison Saalwachter Schulman
    University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, 22908, USA
    JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 29:442-4. 2005
    ..The safety of PEG placement in the presence of a VP shunt is unclear...

Research Grants1

  1. Impact of Gender on Infected Hospitalized Patients
    Robert Sawyer; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Data obtained from this research will be used to design interventional studies utilizing hormonal manipulation, i. e., replacement or blockade, to improve outcomes from otherwise lethal infectious diseases. ..