Audrey Pettifor

Summary

Affiliation: University of North Carolina
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Increased risk of chlamydial and gonococcal infection in adolescent sex workers in Madagascar
    Audrey E Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 34:475-8. 2007
  2. doi request reprint The effect of a conditional cash transfer on HIV incidence in young women in rural South Africa (HPTN 068): a phase 3, randomised controlled trial
    Audrey Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA Medical Research Council Wits Rural Public Health and Health Transitions Research Unit, School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa Wits Reproductive Health and HIV Institute, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa Electronic address
    Lancet Glob Health 4:e978-e988. 2016
  3. pmc HPTN 068: A Randomized Control Trial of a Conditional Cash Transfer to Reduce HIV Infection in Young Women in South Africa-Study Design and Baseline Results
    Audrey Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, McGavran Greenberg Building CB 7435, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599, USA
    AIDS Behav 20:1863-82. 2016
  4. pmc A cluster randomized-controlled trial of a community mobilization intervention to change gender norms and reduce HIV risk in rural South Africa: study design and intervention
    Audrey Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina Gillings School of Global Public Health, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    BMC Public Health 15:752. 2015
  5. pmc Preventing HIV among young people: research priorities for the future
    Audrey Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 63:S155-60. 2013
  6. pmc Can money prevent the spread of HIV? A review of cash payments for HIV prevention
    Audrey Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    AIDS Behav 16:1729-38. 2012
  7. pmc 'If I buy the Kellogg's then he should [buy] the milk': young women's perspectives on relationship dynamics, gender power and HIV risk in Johannesburg, South Africa
    Audrey Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
    Cult Health Sex 14:477-90. 2012
  8. pmc Contraception use and pregnancy among 15-24 year old South African women: a nationally representative cross-sectional survey
    Catherine MacPhail
    Reproductive Health and HIV Research Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, PO Box 18512, Hillbrow 2038, South Africa
    BMC Med 5:31. 2007
  9. pmc Bed net ownership, use and perceptions among women seeking antenatal care in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC): opportunities for improved maternal and child health
    Audrey Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA
    BMC Public Health 8:331. 2008
  10. pmc Continued high risk sexual behavior following diagnosis with acute HIV infection in South Africa and Malawi: implications for prevention
    Audrey Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB 7435, McGavran Greenberg Bldg, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    AIDS Behav 15:1243-50. 2011

Detail Information

Publications69

  1. ncbi request reprint Increased risk of chlamydial and gonococcal infection in adolescent sex workers in Madagascar
    Audrey E Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 34:475-8. 2007
    ..To examine and compare young sex workers' risk of acquisition of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) with the risk among their older counterparts...
  2. doi request reprint The effect of a conditional cash transfer on HIV incidence in young women in rural South Africa (HPTN 068): a phase 3, randomised controlled trial
    Audrey Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA Medical Research Council Wits Rural Public Health and Health Transitions Research Unit, School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa Wits Reproductive Health and HIV Institute, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa Electronic address
    Lancet Glob Health 4:e978-e988. 2016
    ..However, scarce evidence is available about their effect on reducing HIV acquisition. We aimed to assess the effect of a conditional cash transfer on HIV incidence among young women in rural South Africa...
  3. pmc HPTN 068: A Randomized Control Trial of a Conditional Cash Transfer to Reduce HIV Infection in Young Women in South Africa-Study Design and Baseline Results
    Audrey Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, McGavran Greenberg Building CB 7435, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599, USA
    AIDS Behav 20:1863-82. 2016
    ..05 95 % CI 1.84-5.06). Interventions like cash transfers that address structural factors such as schooling and poverty have the potential to reduce HIV risk in young women in South Africa. ..
  4. pmc A cluster randomized-controlled trial of a community mobilization intervention to change gender norms and reduce HIV risk in rural South Africa: study design and intervention
    Audrey Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina Gillings School of Global Public Health, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    BMC Public Health 15:752. 2015
    ....
  5. pmc Preventing HIV among young people: research priorities for the future
    Audrey Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 63:S155-60. 2013
    ..To review the current state of knowledge on the prevention of sexual transmission of HIV in adolescents and to highlight the existing gaps and priority areas for future research...
  6. pmc Can money prevent the spread of HIV? A review of cash payments for HIV prevention
    Audrey Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    AIDS Behav 16:1729-38. 2012
    ....
  7. pmc 'If I buy the Kellogg's then he should [buy] the milk': young women's perspectives on relationship dynamics, gender power and HIV risk in Johannesburg, South Africa
    Audrey Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
    Cult Health Sex 14:477-90. 2012
    ..The disconnect between expectations of relationships and young women's lived realities emphasises the need for structural changes that afford women greater economic and thus decision making power...
  8. pmc Contraception use and pregnancy among 15-24 year old South African women: a nationally representative cross-sectional survey
    Catherine MacPhail
    Reproductive Health and HIV Research Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, PO Box 18512, Hillbrow 2038, South Africa
    BMC Med 5:31. 2007
    ..In South Africa, high numbers of adolescent women report pregnancies that are unwanted and yet few have accessed available termination of pregnancy services. Enabling contraception use is vital for meeting the goals of HIV prevention...
  9. pmc Bed net ownership, use and perceptions among women seeking antenatal care in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC): opportunities for improved maternal and child health
    Audrey Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA
    BMC Public Health 8:331. 2008
    ....
  10. pmc Continued high risk sexual behavior following diagnosis with acute HIV infection in South Africa and Malawi: implications for prevention
    Audrey Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB 7435, McGavran Greenberg Bldg, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    AIDS Behav 15:1243-50. 2011
    ..Studies are underway to determine the feasibility, acceptability and potential effectiveness of interventions designed for individuals with AHI...
  11. doi request reprint Factors associated with HIV testing among public sector clinic attendees in Johannesburg, South Africa
    Audrey Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    AIDS Behav 14:913-21. 2010
    ..87; 95% CI: 1.20-6.86). Promotion of and increased access to couples HIV testing should be made available within the South African context...
  12. doi request reprint Free distribution of insecticide treated bed nets to pregnant women in Kinshasa: an effective way to achieve 80% use by women and their newborns
    Audrey Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 14:20-8. 2009
    ....
  13. pmc Perceived control over condom use among sex workers in Madagascar: a cohort study
    Audrey Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA
    BMC Womens Health 10:4. 2010
    ..However, many existing analyses used cross-sectional data and little quantitative information exists to characterize the relationships between perceived control and actual condom use among sex worker populations...
  14. pmc Keep them in school: the importance of education as a protective factor against HIV infection among young South African women
    Audrey E Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 37:1266-73. 2008
    ..This analysis focuses on the subset of sexually experienced young women with only one reported lifetime sex partner (n = 1708)...
  15. pmc A tale of two countries: rethinking sexual risk for HIV among young people in South Africa and the United States
    Audrey E Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    J Adolesc Health 49:237-243.e1. 2011
    ....
  16. pmc Use of injectable progestin contraception and risk of STI among South African women
    Audrey Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    Contraception 80:555-60. 2009
    ....
  17. ncbi request reprint Highly efficient HIV transmission to young women in South Africa
    Audrey E Pettifor
    Division of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    AIDS 21:861-5. 2007
    ..Such findings have led to hypotheses that the probability of HIV transmission from men to women must be far higher than previously appreciated...
  18. ncbi request reprint Challenge of evaluating a national HIV prevention programme: the case of loveLife, South Africa
    Audrey E Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, CB 7435, McGavran Greenberg Building, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    Sex Transm Infect 83:i70-74. 2007
    ....
  19. doi request reprint Early coital debut and associated HIV risk factors among young women and men in South Africa
    Audrey Pettifor
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Int Perspect Sex Reprod Health 35:82-90. 2009
    ..Young people in South Africa are at high risk of HIV infection. Because first sexual experiences may influence a young person's HIV risk, a better understanding of coital debut is needed...
  20. ncbi request reprint A community-based study to examine the effect of a youth HIV prevention intervention on young people aged 15-24 in South Africa: results of the baseline survey
    Audrey E Pettifor
    Reproductive Health Research Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gyneacology, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa
    Trop Med Int Health 10:971-80. 2005
    ....
  21. ncbi request reprint Young people's sexual health in South Africa: HIV prevalence and sexual behaviors from a nationally representative household survey
    Audrey E Pettifor
    Reproductive Health Research Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    AIDS 19:1525-34. 2005
    ..To determine the prevalence of HIV infection, HIV risk factors, and exposure to national HIV prevention programs, and to identify factors associated with HIV infection among South African youth, aged 15-24 years...
  22. pmc Predicting partner HIV testing and counseling following a partner notification intervention
    Lillian B Brown
    Department of Epidemiology, CB 7435, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    AIDS Behav 16:1148-55. 2012
    ..A risk score to target partner notification can reduce the resources required to locate all partners in the community while increasing the testing yield compared to patient-referral...
  23. pmc Acceptability and feasibility of cash transfers for HIV prevention among adolescent South African women
    Catherine MacPhail
    Wits Reproductive Health and HIV Institute WRHI, School of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    AIDS Behav 17:2301-12. 2013
    ..We address some of the changes necessary to ensure acceptability and feasibility of the main trial. ..
  24. pmc Feasibility and acceptability of Project Connect: a couples-based HIV-risk reduction intervention among young couples in Johannesburg, South Africa
    Audrey Pettifor
    a Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    AIDS Care 26:476-82. 2014
    ..However, the number of sessions and strict eligibility criteria proved challenging to the feasibility of the study. We recommend future couples' interventions have fewer sessions and enroll couples with a history of IPV. ..
  25. pmc Loss to follow-up before and after delivery among women testing HIV positive during pregnancy in Johannesburg, South Africa
    Kate Clouse
    Health Economics and Epidemiology Research Office, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Trop Med Int Health 18:451-60. 2013
    ..HIV-positive pregnant women are at heightened risk of becoming lost to follow-up (LTFU) from HIV care. We examined LTFU before and after delivery among pregnant women newly diagnosed with HIV...
  26. pmc The impact of a national poverty reduction program on the characteristics of sex partners among Kenyan adolescents
    Molly Rosenberg
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, 135 Dauer Drive, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599, USA
    AIDS Behav 18:311-6. 2014
    ..Results highlight the importance of context in exploring the potential HIV preventive effects of cash transfers. ..
  27. doi request reprint Unmet need for contraception among sex workers in Madagascar
    Maria R Khan
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Contraception 79:221-7. 2009
    ..The study was conducted to investigate past and future pregnancy preferences and contraceptive need among Malagasy sex workers...
  28. pmc The Relationship between Alcohol Outlets, HIV Risk Behavior, and HSV-2 Infection among South African Young Women: A Cross-Sectional Study
    Molly Rosenberg
    Center for Population and Development Studies, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 10:e0125510. 2015
    ..The characteristics of alcohol-serving outlets (e.g. music, dim lights, lack of condoms) may further encourage risky sexual activity. We hypothesize that frequenting alcohol outlets will be associated with HIV risk...
  29. ncbi request reprint Community Mobilization for HIV Testing Uptake: Results From a Community Randomized Trial of a Theory-Based Intervention in Rural South Africa
    Sheri A Lippman
    Department of Medicine, Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA MRC Wits Rural Public Health and Health Transitions Research Unit Agincourt, School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa School of Health, University of New England, Armidale, New South Wales, Australia Wits Reproductive Health and HIV Institute, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa Sonke Gender Justice, Cape Town, South Africa School of Public Health, University of Cape Town, South Africa Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA and Umeå Centre for Global Health Research, Division of Epidemiology and Global Health, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 74:S44-S51. 2017
    ..Community mobilization (CM) may increase and sustain demand for HIV testing, however, little rigorous evidence exists regarding the effect of CM interventions on HIV testing and the mechanisms of action...
  30. ncbi request reprint Association between knowing someone who died of AIDS and behavior change among South African youth
    Rakhee Palekar
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    AIDS Behav 12:903-12. 2008
    ....
  31. doi request reprint Consistent condom use in South African youth's most recent sexual relationships
    Witness Moyo
    Reproductive Health and HIV Research Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital, University of Witwatersrand, Soweto P O Bertsham, Johannesburg, 2013, South Africa
    AIDS Behav 12:431-40. 2008
    ..HIV interventions should empower youth to talk about using condoms with their partners, encourage periodic testing for HIV, and reinforce condom use according to HIV status in long-term relationships...
  32. pmc Development, validation, and performance of a scale to measure community mobilization
    Sheri A Lippman
    University of California, San Francisco, Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, Department of Medicine, San Francisco, CA, USA MRC Wits Rural Public Health and Health Transitions Research Unit Agincourt, School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa Electronic address
    Soc Sci Med 157:127-37. 2016
    ..However, CMAs have been ill defined and poorly evaluated, largely due to the lack of measurement tools to assess mobilization processes and impact...
  33. pmc A risk score to identify HIV-infected women most likely to become lost to follow-up in the postpartum period
    Angela M Bengtson
    a Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    AIDS Care 28:1035-45. 2016
    ..A risk score approach may be useful to triage a subset of women most likely to be LTFU for targeted retention interventions. ..
  34. pmc Assessing the effect of HIV counselling and testing on HIV acquisition among South African youth
    Nora E Rosenberg
    aDepartment of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA bAfrica Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, Mtubatuba, South Africa cDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology dGlobal Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina eDepartment of Global Health and Population, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts fDepartment of Medicine, School of Medicine gDepartment of Health Behavior and Health Education, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA hAcademic Unit of Human Development and Health, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK
    AIDS 27:2765-73. 2013
    ..HIV counselling and testing (HCT) is designed to promote HIV prevention. However the impact of HCT on HIV acquisition has never been assessed among youth. We assess the impact of HCT on HIV acquisition among South African youth...
  35. ncbi request reprint Cost-effectiveness of adding bed net distribution for malaria prevention to antenatal services in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Sylvia I Becker-Dreps
    Department of Family Medicine and Cecil G Sheps Center for Health Services Research, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7595, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 81:496-502. 2009
    ..95-$1,085.89). If resources were constrained, the greatest benefit would be among women in their first through fourth pregnancies. Thus, ITN distribution is a cost-effective addition to antenatal services...
  36. pmc HIV partner notification is effective and feasible in sub-Saharan Africa: opportunities for HIV treatment and prevention
    Lillian B Brown
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 56:437-42. 2011
    ..However, many African countries do not have a standardized protocol for partner notification, and the effectiveness of partner notification has not been evaluated in developing countries ...
  37. doi request reprint Vaginal microbicide and diaphragm use for sexually transmitted infection prevention: a randomized acceptability and feasibility study among high-risk women in Madagascar
    Frieda M Behets
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7435, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 35:818-26. 2008
    ....
  38. pmc Community Mobilization for HIV Testing Uptake: Results From a Community Randomized Trial of a Theory-Based Intervention in Rural South Africa
    Sheri A Lippman
    Department of Medicine, Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA MRC Wits Rural Public Health and Health Transitions Research Unit Agincourt, School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa School of Health, University of New England, Armidale, New South Wales, Australia Wits Reproductive Health and HIV Institute, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa Sonke Gender Justice, Cape Town, South Africa School of Public Health, University of Cape Town, South Africa Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA and Umeå Centre for Global Health Research, Division of Epidemiology and Global Health, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 74:S44-S51. 2017
    ..Community mobilization (CM) may increase and sustain demand for HIV testing, however, little rigorous evidence exists regarding the effect of CM interventions on HIV testing and the mechanisms of action...
  39. doi request reprint Measuring Men's Gender Norms and Gender Role Conflict/Stress in a High HIV-Prevalence South African Setting
    Ann Gottert
    Department of Health Behavior, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    AIDS Behav 20:1785-95. 2016
    ..Adding the GRC/S scale to capture men's strain related to gender roles could provide important insights into men's risk behaviors. ..
  40. pmc Initiating antiretroviral therapy when presenting with higher CD4 cell counts results in reduced loss to follow-up in a resource-limited setting
    Kate Clouse
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    AIDS 27:645-50. 2013
    ..Mortality and morbidity are known to be reduced when initiating at higher CD4 levels; we explored the impact on patient loss to follow-up...
  41. pmc Relationship between community-level alcohol outlet accessibility and individual-level herpes simplex virus type 2 infection among young women in South Africa
    Molly Rosenberg
    From the Center for Population and Development Studies, Harvard School of Public Health, Cambridge, MA Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, and Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC MRC Wits Rural Public Health and Health Transitions Research Unit Agincourt, School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA Department of Health Policy and Management, Gillings School of Global Public Health, Department of Geography, and Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC INDEPTH Network, Accra, Ghana Department of Biostatistics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA Laboratory of Immunoregulation, NIAID, NIH, Baltimore, MD Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore MD and Centre for Global Health Research, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
    Sex Transm Dis 42:259-65. 2015
    ..We hypothesize that living in communities with more alcohol outlets is associated with increased sexual risk...
  42. pmc Multiple Overimputation to Address Missing Data and Measurement Error: Application to HIV Treatment During Pregnancy and Pregnancy Outcomes
    Angela M Bengtson
    From the aDepartment of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC bUniversity of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia cDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC dCentre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia and eDepartment of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC
    Epidemiology 27:642-50. 2016
    ..Measurement error in gestational age may bias the relation between combination ART and gestational age-based outcomes...
  43. ncbi request reprint Predictors of dual method use for pregnancy and HIV prevention among adolescent South African women
    Catherine MacPhail
    Reproductive Health and HIV Research Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of the Witwatersrand, PO Bertsham 2013, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Contraception 75:383-9. 2007
    ..Dual contraceptive method use is advocated for adolescent women to prevent pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases and HIV...
  44. pmc Prevalence of latent tuberculosis infection and predictive factors in an urban informal settlement in Johannesburg, South Africa: a cross-sectional study
    Jabulani R Ncayiyana
    Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599, USA
    BMC Infect Dis 16:661. 2016
    ....
  45. pmc Characteristics of Age-Discordant Partnerships Associated With HIV Risk Among Young South African Women (HPTN 068)
    Tiarney D Ritchwood
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA Public Health Sciences Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Institute, Seattle, WA Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD Collaborative Research Network in Mental Health and Well being in Rural and Regional Communities, University of New England, Armidale, Australia MRC Wits Rural Public Health and Health Transitions Research Unit Agincourt, School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC and Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 72:423-9. 2016
    ....
  46. pmc HPTN 062: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial Exploring the Effect of a Motivational-Interviewing Intervention on Sexual Behavior among Individuals with Acute HIV Infection in Lilongwe, Malawi
    Audrey Pettifor
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 10:e0124452. 2015
    ..We pilot tested a Motivational Interviewing (MI) -based counseling intervention for individuals with Acute HIV Infection (AHI) to reduce risky sexual behavior in Lilongwe, Malawi...
  47. pmc Relationship between school dropout and teen pregnancy among rural South African young women
    Molly Rosenberg
    Department of Epidemiology, Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, NC, USA, Center for Population and Development Studies, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA USA
    Int J Epidemiol 44:928-36. 2015
    ..We examined whether school enrolment was associated with teen pregnancy in South Africa...
  48. pmc Acceptability and Feasibility of a Mobile Phone-Based Case Management Intervention to Retain Mothers and Infants from an Option B+ Program in Postpartum HIV Care
    Sheree R Schwartz
    Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 135 Dauer Drive 2101 McGavran Greenberg Hall, CB 7435, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599, USA
    Matern Child Health J 19:2029-37. 2015
    ..0 vs. 63.3%, p < 0.01). Maternal support through a cell phone based case manager approach was highly acceptable among South African HIV infected women on HAART and feasible, warranting further assessment of effectiveness...
  49. doi request reprint Hormonal contraception and HIV: the methods have confused the message
    Sheree R Schwartz
    aDivision of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine bDepartment of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health cDivision of Women s Primary Healthcare, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    AIDS 27:S45-53. 2013
    ..To examine different scenarios through which confounding by condom use may lead to inaccurate conclusions about the effect of hormonal contraception on HIV acquisition in women...
  50. ncbi request reprint "You must do the test to know your status": attitudes to HIV voluntary counseling and testing for adolescents among South African youth and parents
    Catherine Lorne MacPhail
    Reproductive Health and HIV Research Unit, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Health Educ Behav 35:87-104. 2008
    ..Discussions highlighted the inappropriateness of clinical facilities for youth VCT. We conclude with recommendations for youth-friendly VCT services...
  51. pmc HIV risk behaviors in sub-Saharan Africa and Northern Thailand: baseline behavioral data from Project Accept
    Becky L Genberg
    Department of Epidemiology, The Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 49:309-19. 2008
    ....
  52. pmc Sexual power and HIV risk, South Africa
    Audrey E Pettifor
    University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Emerg Infect Dis 10:1996-2004. 2004
    ..77 times more likely to use condoms inconsistently (95% CI 1.86-17.91). Inconsistent condom use was, in turn, significantly associated with HIV infection (adjusted odds ratio 1.58, 95% CI 1.10-2.27)...
  53. pmc How does a national poverty programme influence sexual debut among Kenyan adolescents?
    Sudhanshu Handa
    a Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Glob Public Health . 2016
    ..Results also suggest that cash transfer programmes in Africa can contribute to the reduction of HIV related risk behaviours...
  54. ncbi request reprint Hope Matters: Developing and Validating a Measure of Future Expectations Among Young Women in a High HIV Prevalence Setting in Rural South Africa (HPTN 068)
    Laurie Abler
    Department of Health Behavior, UNC Chapel Hill, 331 Rosenau Hall, CB 7440, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599, USA
    AIDS Behav . 2016
    ..Overall, our hope measure was found to have excellent reliability and to show encouraging preliminary indications of validity in this population. This study presents a promising measure to assess hope among young women in South Africa...
  55. pmc Concerns about partner infidelity are a barrier to adoption of HIV-prevention strategies among young South African couples
    Lisa Parker
    a Futures Group, Chapel Hill, USA
    Cult Health Sex 16:792-805. 2014
    ....
  56. doi request reprint Factors associated with substance use among orphaned and non-orphaned youth in South Africa
    Susanne Meghdadpour
    Department of Maternal and Child Health, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of NC, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    J Adolesc 35:1329-40. 2012
    ..Findings confirm that some sub-groups of orphaned youth are at increased risk of substance use and families and communities may be influential in moderating this risky behavior...
  57. pmc Sexual violence and reproductive health outcomes among South African female youths: a contextual analysis
    Ilene S Speizer
    Department of Maternal and Child Health, UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health, CB 8120, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 8120
    Am J Public Health 99:S425-31. 2009
    ..We studied whether female youths from communities with higher sexual violence were at greater risk of negative reproductive health outcomes...
  58. doi request reprint Predictors of adherent use of diaphragms and microbicide gel in a four-arm, randomized pilot study among female sex workers in Madagascar
    Abigail Norris Turner
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7435, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 36:249-57. 2009
    ..Participants' protocol adherence may influence assessments of the effectiveness of new female-controlled methods for sexually transmitted infection prevention...
  59. pmc Rethinking the heterosexual infectivity of HIV-1: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Kimberly A Powers
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7435, USA
    Lancet Infect Dis 8:553-63. 2008
    ..001 was estimated among stable couples with low prevalences of high-risk cofactors, and represents a lower bound. Cofactor effects are important to include in epidemic models, policy considerations, and prevention messages...
  60. pmc Effects of a Large-Scale Unconditional Cash Transfer Program on Mental Health Outcomes of Young People in Kenya
    Kelly Kilburn
    Carolina Population Center and Department of Public Policy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina Electronic address
    J Adolesc Health 58:223-9. 2016
    ..This study investigates the causal effect of Kenya's unconditional cash transfer program on mental health outcomes of young people...
  61. pmc HPTN 062: a feasibility and acceptability pilot intervention to reduce HIV transmission risk behaviors among individuals with acute and early HIV infection in Lilongwe, Malawi
    Amy Corneli
    Social and Behavioral Health Sciences, FHI 360, 359 Blackwell St, Suite 200, Durham, NC, 27701, USA
    AIDS Behav 18:1785-800. 2014
    ..Other recommendations are provided. ..
  62. doi request reprint "What they wanted was to give birth; nothing else": barriers to retention in option B+ HIV care among postpartum women in South Africa
    Kate Clouse
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina Gillings School of Global Public Health, Chapel Hill, NC Institute for Global Health and Infectious Diseases, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC and Witkoppen Health and Welfare Centre, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 67:e12-8. 2014
    ..We aimed to identify challenges to postpartum retention in care under Option B+, which expands antiretroviral therapy access to all HIV-positive pregnant women regardless of CD4 count...
  63. pmc Detection of acute HIV infection: a field evaluation of the determine® HIV-1/2 Ag/Ab combo test
    Nora E Rosenberg
    Departments of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27599, USA
    J Infect Dis 205:528-34. 2012
    ..In the absence of antibodies, p24 antigen and RNA typically indicate acute HIV infection. We conducted a field evaluation of the Determine® HIV-1/2 Ag/Ab Combo rapid test (Combo RT)...
  64. pmc Glen or Glenda: reported gender of sex partners in two statewide HIV databases
    Elizabeth A Torrone
    Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:525-30. 2010
    ..We assessed agreement of reported gender of sex partners in 2 statewide HIV databases linked by client identifiers...
  65. pmc Duration of cART Before Delivery and Low Infant Birthweight Among HIV-Infected Women in Lusaka, Zambia
    Angela M Bengtson
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina Department of Public Health, University of Zambia School of Medicine, Lusaka, Zambia and Department of Medicine, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 71:563-9. 2016
    ..To estimate the association between duration of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) during pregnancy and low infant birthweight (LBW), among women ≥37 weeks of gestation...
  66. pmc Impact of the Kenya Cash Transfer for Orphans and Vulnerable Children on early pregnancy and marriage of adolescent girls
    Sudhanshu Handa
    Department of Public Policy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA UNICEF Office of Research Innocenti, Piazza SS Annunziata 12, 50122 Florence, Italy
    Soc Sci Med 141:36-45. 2015
    ..Although the objective of the program is primarily poverty alleviation, it appears to have an important impact on facilitating the successful transition of adolescent girls into adulthood. ..
  67. pmc Association between cervical dysplasia and human papillomavirus in HIV seropositive women from Johannesburg South Africa
    Cynthia Firnhaber
    Department of Medicine, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Cancer Causes Control 21:433-43. 2010
    ..To examine the association between CD4 counts, HPV infection and the risk of cervical neoplasia among HIV-seropositive women...
  68. pmc Risk behavior disclosure during HIV test counseling
    Elizabeth Ann Torrone
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Gillings School of Global Public Health, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 24:551-61. 2010
    ..Modifications to the risk assessment process, including better explaining the role of the risk assessment in prevention counseling, may increase the validity of the data...
  69. ncbi request reprint Early age of first sex: a risk factor for HIV infection among women in Zimbabwe
    Audrey E Pettifor
    Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
    AIDS 18:1435-42. 2004
    ..To explore the relationship between early age of coital debut (15 years of age or younger) and risk for HIV infection among sexually active urbanized Zimbabwean women...