Jeremy B C Jackson
Affiliation: University of California
- The future of the oceans pastJeremy B C Jackson
Center for Marine Biodiversity and Conservation, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 365:3765-78. 2010..There is an urgent need for immediate and decisive conservation action. Otherwise, another great mass extinction affecting all ocean ecosystems and comparable to the upheavals of the geological past appears inevitable...
- What can we learn about ecology and evolution from the fossil record?Jeremy B C Jackson
Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0244, USA
Trends Ecol Evol 21:322-8. 2006..As we discuss here, questions such as these cannot be adequately addressed without the use of the fossil record...
- Colloquium paper: ecological extinction and evolution in the brave new oceanJeremy B C Jackson
Center for Marine Biodiversity and Conservation, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0244, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:11458-65. 2008..Halting and ultimately reversing these trends will require rapid and fundamental changes in fisheries, agricultural practice, and the emissions of greenhouse gases on a global scale...
- Shifting baselines, local impacts, and global change on coral reefsNancy Knowlton
Department of Invertebrate Zoology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, United States of America
PLoS Biol 6:e54. 2008
- Baselines and degradation of coral reefs in the Northern Line IslandsStuart A Sandin
Center for Marine Biodiversity and Conservation, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California, USA
PLoS ONE 3:e1548. 2008..Thus, protection from overfishing and pollution appears to increase the resilience of reef ecosystems to the effects of global warming...
- Anthropogenic mortality on coral reefs in Caribbean Panama predates coral disease and bleachingKatie L Cramer
Center for Marine Biodiversity and Conservation, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
Ecol Lett 15:561-7. 2012..Our paleoecological data strongly support the hypothesis, from extensive qualitative data, that Caribbean reef degradation predates coral bleaching and disease outbreaks linked to anthropogenic climate change...
- Caribbean reef development was independent of coral diversity over 28 million yearsKenneth G Johnson
Department of Palaeontology, Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, UK
Science 319:1521-3. 2008..Reef development was unrelated to coral diversity, and the largest reef tracts formed after extinction had reduced diversity by 50%. High diversity is thus not essential for the growth and persistence of coral reefs...
- Environmental change preceded Caribbean extinction by 2 million yearsAaron O'Dea
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, P O Box 0843 03092, Balboa, Republic of Panama
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:5501-6. 2007....
- Ecological persistence interrupted in Caribbean coral reefsJohn M Pandolfi
Ecol Lett 9:818-26. 2006..Comparison of Pleistocene and modern community structure shows that Recent human impacts have changed coral community structure in ways not observed in the preceding 220,000 years...
- Impacts of biodiversity loss on ocean ecosystem servicesBoris Worm
Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada B3H 4J1
Science 314:787-90. 2006..Yet available data suggest that at this point, these trends are still reversible...
- Structure of Caribbean coral reef communities across a large gradient of fish biomassMarah J H Newman
Ecol Lett 9:1216-27. 2006..Increased herbivorous fish biomass was correlated with a decrease in fleshy algal biomass but corals have not yet recovered...
- Depletion, degradation, and recovery potential of estuaries and coastal seasHeike K Lotze
Biology Department, Dalhousie University, 1355 Oxford Street, Halifax, NS, Canada B3H 4J1
Science 312:1806-9. 2006..Our results provide detailed historical baselines and quantitative targets for ecosystem-based management and marine conservation...
- Global trajectories of the long-term decline of coral reef ecosystemsJohn M Pandolfi
Department of Paleobiology, MRC 121, National Museum of Natural History, Post Office Box 37012, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20013 7012, USA
Science 301:955-8. 2003..All reefs were substantially degraded long before outbreaks of coral disease and bleaching. Regardless of these new threats, reefs will not survive without immediate protection from human exploitation over large spatial scales...