Cedric F Garland

Summary

Affiliation: University of California
Country: USA

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Dose-response of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D in association with risk of colorectal cancer: A meta-analysis
    Cedric F Garland
    Division of Epidemiology, Department of Family Medicine and Public Health, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive 0620, La Jolla, CA 92093 0620, United States Electronic address
    J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol . 2016
  2. ncbi request reprint Calcium and vitamin D. Their potential roles in colon and breast cancer prevention
    C F Garland
    Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California, San Diego 92093, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 889:107-19. 1999
  3. ncbi request reprint What is the dose-response relationship between vitamin D and cancer risk?
    Cedric F Garland
    Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Dr, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    Nutr Rev 65:S91-5. 2007
  4. ncbi request reprint Vitamin D and prevention of breast cancer: pooled analysis
    Cedric F Garland
    Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 103:708-11. 2007
  5. pmc The role of vitamin D in cancer prevention
    Cedric F Garland
    Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, 0631C, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093 0631, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:252-61. 2006
  6. ncbi request reprint Epidemiologic evidence for different roles of ultraviolet A and B radiation in melanoma mortality rates
    Cedric F Garland
    Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 13:395-404. 2003
  7. pmc On the epidemiology of influenza
    John J Cannell
    Department of Psychiatry, Atascadero State Hospital, 10333 El Camino Real, Atascadero, CA 93423, USA
    Virol J 5:29. 2008
  8. ncbi request reprint Optimal vitamin D status for colorectal cancer prevention: a quantitative meta analysis
    Edward D Gorham
    University of California San Diego, Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, La Jolla, California, USA
    Am J Prev Med 32:210-6. 2007
  9. doi request reprint Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and breast cancer in the military: a case-control study utilizing pre-diagnostic serum
    Sharif B Mohr
    Division of Epidemiology, Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive 0620, La Jolla, CA 92093 0620, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 24:495-504. 2013
  10. ncbi request reprint Vitamin D and prevention of colorectal cancer
    Edward D Gorham
    Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92186, USA
    J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 97:179-94. 2005

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications40

  1. doi request reprint Dose-response of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D in association with risk of colorectal cancer: A meta-analysis
    Cedric F Garland
    Division of Epidemiology, Department of Family Medicine and Public Health, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive 0620, La Jolla, CA 92093 0620, United States Electronic address
    J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol . 2016
    ..No study reported significant adverse effects, and there was no evidence of publication bias. Misclassification in some studies could have influenced the association, causing it to appear weaker than the true association...
  2. ncbi request reprint Calcium and vitamin D. Their potential roles in colon and breast cancer prevention
    C F Garland
    Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California, San Diego 92093, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 889:107-19. 1999
    ..In addition to reduction of incidence and mortality rates from colon cancer, epidemiological data suggest that intake of 800 IU/day of vitamin D may be associated with enhanced survival rates among breast cancer cases...
  3. ncbi request reprint What is the dose-response relationship between vitamin D and cancer risk?
    Cedric F Garland
    Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Dr, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    Nutr Rev 65:S91-5. 2007
  4. ncbi request reprint Vitamin D and prevention of breast cancer: pooled analysis
    Cedric F Garland
    Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 103:708-11. 2007
    ....
  5. pmc The role of vitamin D in cancer prevention
    Cedric F Garland
    Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, 0631C, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093 0631, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:252-61. 2006
    ..The evidence suggests that efforts to improve vitamin D status, for example by vitamin D supplementation, could reduce cancer incidence and mortality at low cost, with few or no adverse effects...
  6. ncbi request reprint Epidemiologic evidence for different roles of ultraviolet A and B radiation in melanoma mortality rates
    Cedric F Garland
    Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 13:395-404. 2003
    ..This study assessed whether melanoma mortality rates are more closely related to the global distribution of UVA or UVB...
  7. pmc On the epidemiology of influenza
    John J Cannell
    Department of Psychiatry, Atascadero State Hospital, 10333 El Camino Real, Atascadero, CA 93423, USA
    Virol J 5:29. 2008
    ..If true, our revision of Edgar Hope-Simpson's theory has profound implications for the prevention of influenza...
  8. ncbi request reprint Optimal vitamin D status for colorectal cancer prevention: a quantitative meta analysis
    Edward D Gorham
    University of California San Diego, Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, La Jolla, California, USA
    Am J Prev Med 32:210-6. 2007
    ..Previous studies, such as the Women's Health Initiative, have shown that a low dose of vitamin D did not protect against colorectal cancer, yet a meta-analysis indicates that a higher dose may reduce its incidence...
  9. doi request reprint Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and breast cancer in the military: a case-control study utilizing pre-diagnostic serum
    Sharif B Mohr
    Division of Epidemiology, Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive 0620, La Jolla, CA 92093 0620, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 24:495-504. 2013
    ..The objective of this study was to ascertain whether a relationship exists between pre-diagnostic serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and risk of breast cancer in young women...
  10. ncbi request reprint Vitamin D and prevention of colorectal cancer
    Edward D Gorham
    Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92186, USA
    J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 97:179-94. 2005
    ..Inadequate photosynthesis or oral intake of Vitamin D are associated with high incidence rates of colorectal cancer, but the dose-response relationship has not been adequately studied...
  11. ncbi request reprint Do sunscreens increase risk of melanoma in populations residing at higher latitudes?
    Edward D Gorham
    Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive 0613C, La Jolla, CA 92093 0631, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 17:956-63. 2007
    ..Sunscreens may allow overexposure to ultraviolet A (UVA) in fair-skinned persons and prevent symptoms of sunburn, but their benefits for the prevention of melanoma are uncertain...
  12. doi request reprint Ultraviolet B irradiance and incidence rates of bladder cancer in 174 countries
    Sharif B Mohr
    Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093 0631, USA
    Am J Prev Med 38:296-302. 2010
    ..Although nearly half of bladder cancer cases are due to smoking, the cause of nearly half is unexplained...
  13. doi request reprint Ultraviolet B and incidence rates of leukemia worldwide
    Sharif B Mohr
    Division of Epidemiology, Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, 92093 0631, USA
    Am J Prev Med 41:68-74. 2011
    ..Recent research has suggested a relationship between vitamin D deficiency and risk of leukemia...
  14. ncbi request reprint Role of ultraviolet B irradiance and vitamin D in prevention of ovarian cancer
    Cedric F Garland
    Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 0631, USA
    Am J Prev Med 31:512-4. 2006
    ..This suggests that lower levels of solar irradiance might be associated with higher risk of ovarian cancer. Laboratory findings also suggest that low levels of vitamin D metabolites could play a role in the etiology of ovarian cancer...
  15. doi request reprint Low ultraviolet B and increased risk of brain cancer: an ecological study of 175 countries
    Sharif B Mohr
    Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0620, USA
    Neuroepidemiology 35:281-90. 2010
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine whether an inverse association exists between latitude, solar ultraviolet B (UVB) irradiance, modeled 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels and incidence rates of cancer of the brain...
  16. pmc Predictors of psychiatric disorders in combat veterans
    Stephanie Booth-Kewley
    Behavioral Science and Epidemiology Department, Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Road, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
    BMC Psychiatry 13:130. 2013
    ..The objective of this longitudinal investigation was to identify predictors of psychiatric disorders among Marines who deployed to combat in Iraq and Afghanistan...
  17. doi request reprint Ultraviolet B irradiance and vitamin D status are inversely associated with incidence rates of pancreatic cancer worldwide
    Sharif B Mohr
    Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA, USA
    Pancreas 39:669-74. 2010
    ..To determine if an inverse association exits between latitude, ultraviolet B (UVB) irradiance and incidence rates of pancreatic cancer worldwide...
  18. doi request reprint Relationship between low ultraviolet B irradiance and higher breast cancer risk in 107 countries
    Sharif B Mohr
    Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 0631, USA
    Breast J 14:255-60. 2008
    ..81 (p < 0.0001). There was a protective effect of UVB irradiance on risk of breast cancer that was independent of fertility rate, proportion of the population overweight, alcohol intake, animal energy intake, and other covariates...
  19. ncbi request reprint Is ultraviolet B irradiance inversely associated with incidence rates of endometrial cancer: an ecological study of 107 countries
    Sharif B Mohr
    Department of Family and Preventive Medicine 0631C, University of California San Diego, La Jolla CA, USA
    Prev Med 45:327-31. 2007
    ....
  20. doi request reprint Anxiety and depression in Marines sent to war in Iraq and Afghanistan
    Stephanie Booth-Kewley
    Behavioral Science andEpidemiology Department, Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Road, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 200:749-57. 2012
    ..This finding is important because deployment-related stressors are potentially modifiable by the military...
  21. doi request reprint High serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D is associated with a low incidence of stress fractures
    Alina A Burgi
    Department of Behavioral Sciences and Epidemiology, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA, USA
    J Bone Miner Res 26:2371-7. 2011
    ..A target for prevention of stress fractures would be a serum 25(OH)D concentration of 40‚ÄČng/mL or greater, achievable with 4000‚ÄČIU/d of vitamin D(3) supplementation...
  22. ncbi request reprint Career History Archival Medical and Personnel System
    E K Eric Gunderson
    Behavioral Science and Epidemiology Program, Naval Health Research Center, P O Box 85122, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    Mil Med 170:172-5. 2005
    ..The database contains detailed epidemiological data on more than six million members of the military services. It is the largest known epidemiological database in the United States...
  23. doi request reprint Factors associated with antisocial behavior in combat veterans
    Stephanie Booth-Kewley
    Behavioral Science and Epidemiology Department, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92106, USA
    Aggress Behav 36:330-7. 2010
    ..Because deployment-related stressors are potentially modifiable, the military may be able to address them in concrete ways such as by shortening deployments and improving communication with home...
  24. pmc Psychiatric diagnoses and punishment for misconduct: the effects of PTSD in combat-deployed Marines
    Robyn M Highfill-McRoy
    Behavioral Science and Epidemiology Program, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California, USA
    BMC Psychiatry 10:88. 2010
    ..The objective of this study was to investigate whether psychological problems were associated with three types of misconduct outcomes (demotions, drug-related discharges, and punitive discharges.)..
  25. ncbi request reprint Are low ultraviolet B and high animal protein intake associated with risk of renal cancer?
    Sharif B Mohr
    Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA
    Int J Cancer 119:2705-9. 2006
    ..0001) were positively associated (R(2) = 0.68, p < 0.0001). Lower levels of UVB irradiance and higher intakes of calories from animal sources were independently associated with higher incidence rates of kidney cancer...
  26. doi request reprint Correlates of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms in Marines back from war
    Stephanie Booth-Kewley
    Behavioral Science and Epidemiology Department, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
    J Trauma Stress 23:69-77. 2010
    ..Deployment-related stressors had a stronger association with PTSD than any other variable. This is an important finding because deployment-related stressors are potentially modifiable...
  27. doi request reprint Vitamin D for cancer prevention: global perspective
    Cedric F Garland
    Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 19:468-83. 2009
    ..Higher serum levels of the main circulating form of vitamin D, 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D), are associated with substantially lower incidence rates of colon, breast, ovarian, renal, pancreatic, aggressive prostate and other cancers...
  28. ncbi request reprint Health surveillance for asthma in the US Navy: experience of 9,185,484 person-years
    E K Eric Gunderson
    Longitudinal Studies and Health Sciences Program, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 15:310-5. 2005
    ..To measure trends and demographic risk factors for hospitalization for asthma...
  29. doi request reprint Cloud cover-adjusted ultraviolet B irradiance and pancreatic cancer incidence in 172 countries
    Cedric F Garland
    Division of Epidemiology, Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California, La Jolla, CA, USA
    J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 155:257-63. 2016
    ..Several cohort studies have found that high serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations are associated with low risk of pancreatic cancer, while others have not...
  30. doi request reprint Are low ultraviolet B and vitamin D associated with higher incidence of multiple myeloma?
    Sharif B Mohr
    Deartment of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, United States Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA, United States
    J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 148:245-52. 2015
    ..Conclusions Age-adjusted incidence rates of multiple myeloma were higher in countries with lower solar UVB irradiance. Further investigation is warranted in individuals of the association of prediagnostic serum 25(OH)D with risk...
  31. doi request reprint Could vitamin D sufficiency improve the survival of colorectal cancer patients?
    Sharif B Mohr
    Department of Family and Preventive Medicine 0620, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla CA 92093, USA
    J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 148:239-44. 2015
    ..To determine whether a higher serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentration at diagnosis is associated with longer survival of colorectal cancer patients...
  32. ncbi request reprint Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and prevention of breast cancer: pooled analysis
    Sharif B Mohr
    Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive 0620, La Jolla, CA 92093 0620, USA
    Anticancer Res 31:2939-48. 2011
    ..Since publication of the most current meta-analysis of 25(OH)D and breast cancer risk, two new nested case-control studies have emerged...
  33. ncbi request reprint Vitamin D supplement doses and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D in the range associated with cancer prevention
    Cedric F Garland
    University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    Anticancer Res 31:607-11. 2011
    ..Few community-based studies allow estimation of the dose-response relationship between oral intake of vitamin D and corresponding serum 25(OH)D in the range above 1,000 IU/d...
  34. ncbi request reprint Commentary: progress of a paradigm
    Cedric F Garland
    Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive 0631C, La Jolla, 92093, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 35:220-2. 2006
  35. pmc Meta-analysis of all-cause mortality according to serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D
    Cedric F Garland
    Cedric F Garland and Edward D Gorham are with the Division of Epidemiology, Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla June J Kim, Sharif B Mohr, and Kenneth Zeng are with Leidos Biomedical Research, Inc, San Diego William B Grant is with Sunlight and Nutrition Research Center, San Francisco, CA Edward L Giovannucci is with departments of Epidemiology and Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA Leo Baggerly is with Research Department, GrassrootsHealth, San Diego Heather Hofflich and Joe W Ramsdell are with Internal Medicine Group, Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego Robert P Heaney is with Department of Medicine, Creighton University, Omaha, NE
    Am J Public Health 104:e43-50. 2014
    ..01). Our findings agree with a National Academy of Sciences report, except the cutoff point for all-cause mortality reduction in this analysis was greater than 30 ng/mL rather than greater than 20 ng/mL...
  36. pmc Low Cloud Cover-Adjusted Ultraviolet B Irradiance Is Associated with High Incidence Rates of Leukemia: Study of 172 Countries
    Raphael E Cuomo
    Division of Global Health, Department of Family Medicine and Public Health, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 10:e0144308. 2015
    ..This would be consistent with laboratory studies and a previous epidemiological study. Consideration should be given to prudent use of vitamin D for prevention of leukemia. ..
  37. pmc 25-Hydroxyvitamin D in the range of 20 to 100 ng/mL and incidence of kidney stones
    Stacie Nguyen
    Stacie Nguyen, Leo Baggerly, and Christine French are with GrassrootsHealth, Encinitas, CA Robert P Heaney is with Creighton University, Osteoporosis Research Center, Omaha, NE Edward D Gorham and Cedric F Garland are with the Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla
    Am J Public Health 104:1783-7. 2014
    ..There is a concern about increasing kidney stone risk with vitamin D supplementation. We used GrassrootsHealth data to examine the relationship between vitamin D status and kidney stone incidence...
  38. ncbi request reprint Vitamin D, parathyroid hormone levels and bone mineral density in community-dwelling older women: the Rancho Bernardo Study
    Denise G Von Muhlen
    Division of Epidemiology, Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    Osteoporos Int 16:1721-6. 2005
    ..20). However, after the threshold vitamin D level of 120 nmol/l, all PTH values were below 65 ng/l. Further studies are necessary to identify the optimal vitamin D levels necessary to prevent secondary hyperparathyroidism...
  39. ncbi request reprint Trends and occupational associations in incidence of hospitalized pulmonary sarcoidosis and other lung diseases in Navy personnel: a 27-year historical prospective study, 1975-2001
    Edward D Gorham
    Naval Health Research Center, PO Box 85122, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    Chest 126:1431-8. 2004
    ..This study examines long-term trends in incidence rates of hospitalized pulmonary sarcoidosis in a large cohort of Navy personnel, and evaluates the possible relationship of sarcoidosis with occupation...
  40. doi request reprint Psychosocial predictors of military misconduct
    Stephanie Booth-Kewley
    Department of Behavioral Science and Epidemiology, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 198:91-8. 2010
    ..We recommend that the association between misconduct and psychiatric disorders be more explicitly acknowledged in research and treatment efforts involving military war veterans and other trauma victims...