Emmanuela Gakidou

Summary

Affiliation: University of Washington
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Management of diabetes and associated cardiovascular risk factors in seven countries: a comparison of data from national health examination surveys
    Emmanuela Gakidou
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Seattle, WA 98121, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 89:172-83. 2011
  2. pmc Coverage of cervical cancer screening in 57 countries: low average levels and large inequalities
    Emmanuela Gakidou
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
    PLoS Med 5:e132. 2008
  3. pmc Trends and Determinants of Antiretroviral Therapy Patient Monitoring Practices in Kenya and Uganda
    Emily Dansereau
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 10:e0135653. 2015
  4. doi request reprint Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 291 diseases and injuries in 21 regions, 1990-2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010
    Christopher J L Murray
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Seattle 98121, WA, USA
    Lancet 380:2197-223. 2012
  5. doi request reprint Evaluating facility-based antiretroviral therapy programme effectiveness: a pilot study comparing viral load suppression and retention rates
    Herbert C Duber
    Division of Emergency Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 21:750-8. 2016
  6. pmc A comparative risk assessment of burden of disease and injury attributable to 67 risk factors and risk factor clusters in 21 regions, 1990-2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010
    Stephen S Lim
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Seattle, WA 98121, USA
    Lancet 380:2224-60. 2012
  7. ncbi request reprint Assessing the Contribution of Malaria Vector Control and Other Maternal and Child Health Interventions in Reducing All-Cause Under-Five Mortality in Zambia
    Marie Ng
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California United States Agency for International Development, Washington, District of Columbia Clinton Health Access Initiative, Lusaka, Zambia Department of Economics, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway School of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia
    Am J Trop Med Hyg . 2016
  8. doi request reprint Global and regional mortality from 235 causes of death for 20 age groups in 1990 and 2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010
    Rafael Lozano
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Seattle, WA, USA
    Lancet 380:2095-128. 2012
  9. pmc Net benefits: a multicountry analysis of observational data examining associations between insecticide-treated mosquito nets and health outcomes
    Stephen S Lim
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
    PLoS Med 8:e1001091. 2011
  10. pmc The clock is ticking: the rate and timeliness of antiretroviral therapy initiation from the time of treatment eligibility in Kenya
    Thomas A Odeny
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington Seattle, WA, USA
    J Int AIDS Soc 18:20019. 2015

Detail Information

Publications43

  1. pmc Management of diabetes and associated cardiovascular risk factors in seven countries: a comparison of data from national health examination surveys
    Emmanuela Gakidou
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Seattle, WA 98121, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 89:172-83. 2011
    ..To examine the effectiveness of the health system response to the challenge of diabetes across different settings and explore the inequalities in diabetes care that are attributable to socioeconomic factors...
  2. pmc Coverage of cervical cancer screening in 57 countries: low average levels and large inequalities
    Emmanuela Gakidou
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
    PLoS Med 5:e132. 2008
  3. pmc Trends and Determinants of Antiretroviral Therapy Patient Monitoring Practices in Kenya and Uganda
    Emily Dansereau
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 10:e0135653. 2015
    ..Patients receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) require routine monitoring to track response to treatment and assess for treatment failure. This study aims to identify gaps in monitoring practices in Kenya and Uganda...
  4. doi request reprint Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 291 diseases and injuries in 21 regions, 1990-2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010
    Christopher J L Murray
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Seattle 98121, WA, USA
    Lancet 380:2197-223. 2012
    ..We aimed to calculate disease burden worldwide and for 21 regions for 1990, 2005, and 2010 with methods to enable meaningful comparisons over time...
  5. doi request reprint Evaluating facility-based antiretroviral therapy programme effectiveness: a pilot study comparing viral load suppression and retention rates
    Herbert C Duber
    Division of Emergency Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 21:750-8. 2016
    ..In this pilot study, we compared commonly utilised performance metrics of 12- and 24-month retention with rates of viral load (VL) suppression at 15 health facilities in Uganda...
  6. pmc A comparative risk assessment of burden of disease and injury attributable to 67 risk factors and risk factor clusters in 21 regions, 1990-2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010
    Stephen S Lim
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Seattle, WA 98121, USA
    Lancet 380:2224-60. 2012
    ..No complete revision of global disease burden caused by risk factors has been done since a comparative risk assessment in 2000, and no previous analysis has assessed changes in burden attributable to risk factors over time...
  7. ncbi request reprint Assessing the Contribution of Malaria Vector Control and Other Maternal and Child Health Interventions in Reducing All-Cause Under-Five Mortality in Zambia
    Marie Ng
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California United States Agency for International Development, Washington, District of Columbia Clinton Health Access Initiative, Lusaka, Zambia Department of Economics, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway School of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia
    Am J Trop Med Hyg . 2016
    ..As countries aim to further improve health outcomes, there is even greater need-and opportunity-to strengthen routine data systems and to develop more rigorous evaluation strategies...
  8. doi request reprint Global and regional mortality from 235 causes of death for 20 age groups in 1990 and 2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010
    Rafael Lozano
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Seattle, WA, USA
    Lancet 380:2095-128. 2012
    ....
  9. pmc Net benefits: a multicountry analysis of observational data examining associations between insecticide-treated mosquito nets and health outcomes
    Stephen S Lim
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
    PLoS Med 8:e1001091. 2011
    ..Although the efficacy of ITNs in trials has been shown, evidence on their impact under routine conditions is limited to a few countries and the extent to which the scale-up of ITNs has improved population health remains uncertain...
  10. pmc The clock is ticking: the rate and timeliness of antiretroviral therapy initiation from the time of treatment eligibility in Kenya
    Thomas A Odeny
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington Seattle, WA, USA
    J Int AIDS Soc 18:20019. 2015
    ..We analysed patient- and facility-level determinants of time to ART initiation among patients who initiated ART in Kenya...
  11. pmc Benchmarking health system performance across regions in Uganda: a systematic analysis of levels and trends in key maternal and child health interventions, 1990-2011
    D Allen Roberts
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, 2301 5th Ave, Suite 60, Seattle, WA, 98121, USA
    BMC Med 13:285. 2015
    ..Previous studies have yet to provide a comprehensive assessment of Uganda's maternal and child health (MCH) landscape at the subnational level...
  12. doi request reprint Smoking prevalence and cigarette consumption in 187 countries, 1980-2012
    Marie Ng
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle
    JAMA 311:183-92. 2014
    ..Tobacco is a leading global disease risk factor. Understanding national trends in prevalence and consumption is critical for prioritizing action and evaluating tobacco control progress...
  13. doi request reprint Incorporating loss to follow-up in estimates of survival among HIV-infected individuals in sub-Saharan Africa enrolled in antiretroviral therapy programs
    Stéphane Verguet
    Department of Global Health, Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    J Infect Dis 207:72-9. 2013
    ..We synthesized data from treatment cohorts in sub-Saharan Africa to estimate survival over 5 years after initiation of ART...
  14. pmc The potential to expand antiretroviral therapy by improving health facility efficiency: evidence from Kenya, Uganda, and Zambia
    Laura Di Giorgio
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, 2301 5th Ave, Suite 600, Seattle, WA, 98121, USA
    BMC Med 14:108. 2016
    ..Through the present study, we sought to quantify facility-level technical efficiency across countries, assess potential determinants of efficiency, and predict the potential for additional ART expansion...
  15. pmc Benchmarking health system performance across states in Nigeria: a systematic analysis of levels and trends in key maternal and child health interventions and outcomes, 2000-2013
    Alexandra Wollum
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, 2301 5th Ave, Suite 600, Seattle, WA, 98121, USA
    BMC Med 13:208. 2015
    ..To date, no systematic analyses have comprehensively assessed trends for health outcomes and interventions across states in Nigeria...
  16. pmc Patient satisfaction and perceived quality of care: evidence from a cross-sectional national exit survey of HIV and non-HIV service users in Zambia
    Emily Dansereau
    Department of Public Health, Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Seattle, Washington, USA
    BMJ Open 5:e009700. 2015
    ..To examine the associations between perceived quality of care and patient satisfaction among HIV and non-HIV patients in Zambia...
  17. doi request reprint Estimation of district-level under-5 mortality in Zambia using birth history data, 1980-2010
    Laura Dwyer-Lindgren
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA Electronic address
    Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol 11:89-107. 2014
    ..We find that under-5 mortality is highly variable within Zambia: there was a 1.8-fold difference between the lowest and highest levels in 2010, and declines over the period 1980 to 2010 ranged from less than 5% to more than 50%. ..
  18. pmc Nets, spray or both? The effectiveness of insecticide-treated nets and indoor residual spraying in reducing malaria morbidity and child mortality in sub-Saharan Africa
    Nancy Fullman
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    Malar J 12:62. 2013
    ..There is a critical need to determine what combination of malaria interventions confers the greatest protection against malaria morbidity and child mortality under routine conditions...
  19. doi request reprint Assessment of population-level effect of Avahan, an HIV-prevention initiative in India
    Marie Ng
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98121, USA
    Lancet 378:1643-52. 2011
    ..It was launched in 2003 in six states with a total population of 300 million and a high HIV burden. We assessed the population-level effect of the first phase of Avahan (2003-08)...
  20. doi request reprint Increased educational attainment and its effect on child mortality in 175 countries between 1970 and 2009: a systematic analysis
    Emmanuela Gakidou
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98121, USA
    Lancet 376:959-74. 2010
    ..We updated previous systematic assessments of educational attainment, and estimated the contribution of improvements in women's education to reductions in child mortality in the past 40 years...
  21. pmc Measuring adult mortality using sibling survival: a new analytical method and new results for 44 countries, 1974-2006
    Ziad Obermeyer
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
    PLoS Med 7:e1000260. 2010
    ....
  22. ncbi request reprint Prevention of cardiovascular disease in high-risk individuals in low-income and middle-income countries: health effects and costs
    Stephen S Lim
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98102, USA
    Lancet 370:2054-62. 2007
    ..43 to $0.90 across low-income countries and from $0.54 to $2.93 across middle-income countries. This package could effectively meet three-quarters of the proposed global goal with a moderate increase in health expenditure...
  23. pmc A comparison of missing data procedures for addressing selection bias in HIV sentinel surveillance data
    Marie Ng
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    Popul Health Metr 11:12. 2013
    ..Consequently, the estimated HIV prevalence based on clinic data is substantially distorted, with markedly higher HIV prevalence in the earlier periods and trends that reveal much more dramatic declines than actually occur...
  24. pmc Error and bias in under-5 mortality estimates derived from birth histories with small sample sizes
    Laura Dwyer-Lindgren
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    Popul Health Metr 11:13. 2013
    ..We aim to assess the magnitude and direction of error that can be expected for estimates derived from birth histories with small samples of women using various analysis methods...
  25. pmc Can breastfeeding promote child health equity? A comprehensive analysis of breastfeeding patterns across the developing world and what we can learn from them
    Thomas J Roberts
    The Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation IHME, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98121, USA
    BMC Med 11:254. 2013
    ..In 2010 more than 7.7 million children died before their fifth birthday. Over 98% of these deaths occurred in developing countries, and recent estimates have attributed hundreds of thousands of these deaths to suboptimal breastfeeding...
  26. doi request reprint India's Janani Suraksha Yojana, a conditional cash transfer programme to increase births in health facilities: an impact evaluation
    Stephen S Lim
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98121, USA
    Lancet 375:2009-23. 2010
    ..We independently assessed the effect of JSY on intervention coverage and health outcomes...
  27. pmc Global, regional, and national prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adults during 1980-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013
    Marie Ng
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Seattle, WA, USA
    Lancet 384:766-81. 2014
    ..We estimate the global, regional, and national prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adults during 1980-2013...
  28. pmc Validating estimates of prevalence of non-communicable diseases based on household surveys: the symptomatic diagnosis study
    Spencer L James
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, 2301 Fifth Ave, Suite 600, Seattle 98121, WA, USA
    BMC Med 13:15. 2015
    ..The objective of this study was to develop and assess the performance of a symptom-based questionnaire to estimate prevalence of non-communicable diseases in low-resource areas...
  29. pmc Developing a comprehensive time series of GDP per capita for 210 countries from 1950 to 2015
    Spencer L James
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, 2301 Fifth Ave, Suite 600, Seattle, WA, 98121, USA
    Popul Health Metr 10:12. 2012
    ..It is in the interest of population health research to establish a global time series that is complete from 1950 to 2015...
  30. pmc Understanding the decline of mean systolic blood pressure in Japan: an analysis of pooled data from the National Nutrition Survey, 1986-2002
    Nayu Ikeda
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, 2301 5th Avenue, Seattle, WA 98121, United States of America
    Bull World Health Organ 86:978-88. 2008
    ..To assess the relationships between the observed drop in mean systolic blood pressure (SBP) in Japan in 1986-2002 and the use of antihypertensive treatment and lifestyle factors...
  31. pmc Improving the public health utility of global cardiovascular mortality data: the rise of ischemic heart disease
    Ryan M Ahern
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, 2301 Fifth Ave, Suite 600, Seattle, WA 98121, USA
    Popul Health Metr 9:8. 2011
    ..Yet vague cause of death codes, such as heart failure, are highly prevalent in global mortality data. We propose an empirical method correcting mortality data for the use of heart failure as an underlying cause of death...
  32. pmc Identifying High-Risk Neighborhoods Using Electronic Medical Records: A Population-Based Approach for Targeting Diabetes Prevention and Treatment Interventions
    Rose Gabert
    University of Washington, Seattle, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 11:e0159227. 2016
    ..Broad adoption of electronic health records (EHR) and routine centralized reporting of patient-level data offers a new way to examine diabetes risk and highlight hotspots for intervention...
  33. doi request reprint The state of US health, 1990-2010: burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors
    Christopher J L Murray
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, 2301 Fifth Ave, Suite 600, Seattle, WA, 98121, USA
    JAMA 310:591-608. 2013
    ..Understanding the major health problems in the United States and how they are changing over time is critical for informing national health policy...
  34. pmc Uptake of WHO recommendations for first-line antiretroviral therapy in Kenya, Uganda, and Zambia
    Herbert C Duber
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 10:e0120350. 2015
    ..Antiretroviral therapy (ART) guidelines were significantly changed by the World Health Organization in 2010. It is largely unknown to what extent these guidelines were adopted into clinical practice...
  35. pmc The Oportunidades conditional cash transfer program: effects on pregnancy and contraceptive use among young rural women in Mexico
    Blair G Darney
    Doctoral Student, Department of Health Services, School of Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    Int Perspect Sex Reprod Health 39:205-14. 2013
    ..It is important to examine whether the program has any direct effect on pregnancy experience and contraceptive use among young rural women, apart from those through education...
  36. pmc Fifty years of violent war deaths from Vietnam to Bosnia: analysis of data from the world health survey programme
    Ziad Obermeyer
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    BMJ 336:1482-6. 2008
    ..To provide an accurate estimate of violent war deaths...
  37. pmc Strengthening health information systems to address health equity challenges
    Lexi Bambas Nolen
    Global Equity Gauge Alliance, Durban, South Africa
    Bull World Health Organ 83:597-603. 2005
    ....
  38. ncbi request reprint [Assessing the effect of the 2001-06 Mexican health reform: an interim report card]
    Emmanuela Gakidou
    Harvard Initiative for Global Health, 104 Mt Auburn Street 3rd floor, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Salud Publica Mex 49:S88-109. 2007
    ..We present some lessons for Mexico based on this interim evaluation and explore implications for other countries considering health reforms...
  39. ncbi request reprint A "politically robust" experimental design for public policy evaluation, with application to the Mexican universal health insurance program
    Gary King
    Institute for Quantitative Social Science, Harvard University, USA
    J Policy Anal Manage 26:479-506. 2007
    ..The evaluation is also large scale, constituting one of the largest policy experiments to date and what may be the largest randomized health policy experiment ever...
  40. ncbi request reprint Reductions in child mortality levels and inequalities in Thailand: analysis of two censuses
    Patama Vapattanawong
    Institute for Population and Social Research, Mahidol University, Thailand
    Lancet 369:850-5. 2007
    ..We aimed to measure changes in child-mortality inequalities by household-level socioeconomic strata of the Thai population between 1990 and 2000...
  41. pmc Use of modern contraception by the poor is falling behind
    Emmanuela Gakidou
    Harvard Initiative for Global Health, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS Med 4:e31. 2007
    ..This study explores whether the global progress in the use of modern contraceptives has also benefited the poorest...
  42. ncbi request reprint Effect of the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation on diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis vaccine coverage: an independent assessment
    Chunling Lu
    Harvard Initiative for Global Health, 104 Mount Auburn St, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Lancet 368:1088-95. 2006
    ..We aimed to assess the effect of GAVI on combined diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis vaccine (DTP3) coverage...
  43. ncbi request reprint Improving child survival through environmental and nutritional interventions: the importance of targeting interventions toward the poor
    Emmanuela Gakidou
    Initiative for Global Health, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    JAMA 298:1876-87. 2007
    ..A critical but underinvestigated question for planning and allocating resources toward the MDGs is how interventions related to one MDG might affect progress toward other goals...