James H Fowler

Summary

Affiliation: University of California
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Yahtzee: an anonymized group level matching procedure
    Jason J Jones
    Political Science Department and Medical Genetics Division, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 8:e55760. 2013
  2. pmc The evolution of homophily
    Feng Fu
    Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Sci Rep 2:845. 2012
  3. pmc Correlated genotypes in friendship networks
    James H Fowler
    Division of Medical Genetics, Department of Political Science, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:1993-7. 2011
  4. pmc Cooperative behavior cascades in human social networks
    James H Fowler
    Political Science Department, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92103, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:5334-8. 2010
  5. pmc Model of genetic variation in human social networks
    James H Fowler
    Department of Political Science, University of California, San Diego, CA 92093, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:1720-4. 2009
  6. doi request reprint Biology, politics, and the emerging science of human nature
    James H Fowler
    Department of Political Science, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    Science 322:912-4. 2008
  7. pmc Inferring tie strength from online directed behavior
    Jason J Jones
    Medical Genetics Division, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 8:e52168. 2013
  8. pmc Altruistic punishment and the origin of cooperation
    James H Fowler
    Department of Political Science, University of California, 1 Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:7047-9. 2005
  9. ncbi request reprint Egalitarian motives in humans
    Christopher T Dawes
    Department of Political Science, University of California, San Diego, California 92093, USA
    Nature 446:794-6. 2007
  10. pmc The collective dynamics of smoking in a large social network
    Nicholas A Christakis
    Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 358:2249-58. 2008

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications26

  1. pmc Yahtzee: an anonymized group level matching procedure
    Jason J Jones
    Political Science Department and Medical Genetics Division, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 8:e55760. 2013
    ..We refer to this method as the Yahtzee procedure, and show that it performs as predicted by theoretical analysis when we apply it to data from Facebook and public voter records...
  2. pmc The evolution of homophily
    Feng Fu
    Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Sci Rep 2:845. 2012
    ..The results show that homophily tends to evolve under a wide variety of conditions, helping to explain its ubiquity in nature...
  3. pmc Correlated genotypes in friendship networks
    James H Fowler
    Division of Medical Genetics, Department of Political Science, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:1993-7. 2011
    ....
  4. pmc Cooperative behavior cascades in human social networks
    James H Fowler
    Political Science Department, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92103, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:5334-8. 2010
    ..These results show experimentally that cooperative behavior cascades in human social networks...
  5. pmc Model of genetic variation in human social networks
    James H Fowler
    Department of Political Science, University of California, San Diego, CA 92093, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:1720-4. 2009
    ..They also suggest that modeling intrinsic variation in network attributes may be important for understanding the way genes affect human behaviors and the way these behaviors spread from person to person...
  6. doi request reprint Biology, politics, and the emerging science of human nature
    James H Fowler
    Department of Political Science, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    Science 322:912-4. 2008
    ..We describe recent advances and argue that biologists and political scientists must work together to advance a new science of human nature...
  7. pmc Inferring tie strength from online directed behavior
    Jason J Jones
    Medical Genetics Division, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 8:e52168. 2013
    ..More private communications (messages) were not necessarily more informative than public communications (comments, wall posts, and other interactions)...
  8. pmc Altruistic punishment and the origin of cooperation
    James H Fowler
    Department of Political Science, University of California, 1 Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:7047-9. 2005
    ..It also suggests that punishment can only enforce payoff-improving strategies, contrary to a widely cited "folk theorem" result that suggests that punishment can allow the evolution of any strategy...
  9. ncbi request reprint Egalitarian motives in humans
    Christopher T Dawes
    Department of Political Science, University of California, San Diego, California 92093, USA
    Nature 446:794-6. 2007
    ..The results suggest that egalitarian motives affect income-altering behaviours, and may therefore be an important factor underlying the evolution of strong reciprocity and, hence, cooperation in humans...
  10. pmc The collective dynamics of smoking in a large social network
    Nicholas A Christakis
    Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 358:2249-58. 2008
    ..We examined the extent of the person-to-person spread of smoking behavior and the extent to which groups of widely connected people quit together...
  11. pmc Parental influence on substance use in adolescent social networks
    Holly B Shakya
    Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 166:1132-9. 2012
    ..To evaluate the relationship between the parenting style of an adolescent's peers' parents and an adolescent's substance use...
  12. pmc The spread of alcohol consumption behavior in a large social network
    J Niels Rosenquist
    Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, and Boston University School of Medicine, 180 A Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Ann Intern Med 152:426-33, W141. 2010
    ..Alcohol consumption has important health-related consequences and numerous biological and social determinants...
  13. pmc Association between social network communities and health behavior: an observational sociocentric network study of latrine ownership in rural India
    Holly B Shakya
    Holly B Shakya is with School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego Nicholas A Christakis is with Yale Department of Sociology, New Haven, CT James H Fowler is with Political Science Department, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla
    Am J Public Health 104:930-7. 2014
    ..We identified communities of interconnected people that might serve as normative reference groups for individual-level behavior related to latrine adoption...
  14. pmc Social contagion theory: examining dynamic social networks and human behavior
    Nicholas A Christakis
    Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, U S A
    Stat Med 32:556-77. 2013
    ....
  15. pmc Quality versus quantity of social ties in experimental cooperative networks
    Hirokazu Shirado
    1 Corporate R and D, Sony Corporation, Shinagawa, Tokyo 141 0001, Japan 2 Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Nat Commun 4:2814. 2013
    ..Optimal levels of cooperation are achieved at intermediate levels of change in social ties. ..
  16. ncbi request reprint The spread of obesity in a large social network over 32 years
    Nicholas A Christakis
    Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 357:370-9. 2007
    ..The prevalence of obesity has increased substantially over the past 30 years. We performed a quantitative analysis of the nature and extent of the person-to-person spread of obesity as a possible factor contributing to the obesity epidemic...
  17. pmc Dynamic spread of happiness in a large social network: longitudinal analysis over 20 years in the Framingham Heart Study
    James H Fowler
    Department of Political Science, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA
    BMJ 337:a2338. 2008
    ..To evaluate whether happiness can spread from person to person and whether niches of happiness form within social networks...
  18. pmc The spread of sleep loss influences drug use in adolescent social networks
    Sara C Mednick
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e9775. 2010
    ..The results indicate that interventions should focus on healthy sleep to prevent drug use and targeting specific individuals may improve outcomes across the entire social network...
  19. pmc Egocentric social network structure, health, and pro-social behaviors in a national panel study of Americans
    A James O'Malley
    Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e36250. 2012
    ....
  20. pmc A 61-million-person experiment in social influence and political mobilization
    Robert M Bond
    Political Science Department, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093, USA
    Nature 489:295-8. 2012
    ..These results suggest that strong ties are instrumental for spreading both online and real-world behaviour in human social networks...
  21. ncbi request reprint Human behaviour: Egalitarian motive and altruistic punishment
    James H Fowler
    Department of Political Science, University of California, Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, California 95616, USA
    Nature 433:1 p following 32; discussion following 32. 2005
    ..This finding is consistent with evidence that humans may have an evolutionary incentive to punish the highest earners in order to promote equality, rather than cooperation...
  22. ncbi request reprint Human cooperation: second-order free-riding problem solved?
    James H Fowler
    Department of Political Science, University of California at Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, California 95616, USA
    Nature 437:E8; discussion E8-9. 2005
    ..Here I present a simplified version of their model to demonstrate how cooperation unravels if second-round defectors enter the population, and this shows that the free-riding problem remains unsolved...
  23. pmc Intimate partner violence norms cluster within households: an observational social network study in rural Honduras
    Holly B Shakya
    Department of Global Public Health, School of Medicine, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, 0507, La Jolla, CA, 92093 0507, USA
    BMC Public Health 16:233. 2016
    ..Attitudes, beliefs, and norms regarding IPV are significantly associated with the likelihood of both IPV experience and perpetration...
  24. doi request reprint Self-comparisons as motivators for healthy behavior
    Holly B Shakya
    Family Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine, University of California San Diego, San Diego, California, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 23:2477-84. 2015
    ..We explored whether individuals' comparison of themselves to their social contacts, specifically feeling fitter or thinner than friends, is a significant predictor of three weight-loss behaviors (dieting, reducing alcohol, exercising)...
  25. doi request reprint Social network predictors of latrine ownership
    Holly B Shakya
    School of Medicine, University of California, 9500 Gilman Dr La Jolla, San Diego, CA 92093, USA Yale Institute for Network Science, PO Box 208263, New Haven, CT 06520, USA Electronic address
    Soc Sci Med 125:129-38. 2015
    ..The reason is that they are 1) less likely to own latrines and 2) more likely to exhibit the same behavior as their social contacts, possibly as a result of the spread of latrine adoption from one person to another. ..
  26. pmc Online social integration is associated with reduced mortality risk
    William R Hobbs
    Division of Social Sciences, University of California, San Diego, CA 92093
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 113:12980-12984. 2016
    ..Although this is an associational study, it may be an important step in understanding how, on a global scale, online social networks might be adapted to improve modern populations' social and physical health...