David R Boulware

Summary

Affiliation: University of Minnesota
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Clinical features and serum biomarkers in HIV immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome after cryptococcal meningitis: a prospective cohort study
    David R Boulware
    Division of Infectious Diseases and International Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
    PLoS Med 7:e1000384. 2010
  2. pmc Pediatric HIV immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome
    David R Boulware
    Infectious Diseases and International Medicine, Center for Infectious Diseases and Microbiology Translational Research, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
    Curr Opin HIV AIDS 3:461-7. 2008
  3. pmc Cryptococcal meningitis treatment strategies in resource-limited settings: a cost-effectiveness analysis
    Radha Rajasingham
    Infectious Disease Institute, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
    PLoS Med 9:e1001316. 2012
  4. pmc Maltreatment of Strongyloides infection: case series and worldwide physicians-in-training survey
    David R Boulware
    Division of Infectious Disease and International Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55455, USA
    Am J Med 120:545.e1-8. 2007
  5. pmc A randomized, controlled field trial for the prevention of jellyfish stings with a topical sting inhibitor
    David R Boulware
    Division of Infectious Disease and International Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, 55455, USA
    J Travel Med 13:166-71. 2006
  6. pmc Rapid diagnosis of pneumococcal pneumonia among HIV-infected adults with urine antigen detection
    David R Boulware
    Division of Infectious Disease and International Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, MMC 250, 420 Delaware St SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    J Infect 55:300-9. 2007
  7. pmc Passive prophylaxis with permethrin-treated tents reduces mosquito bites among North American summer campers
    David R Boulware
    Division of Infectious Disease and International Medicine, University of Minnesota, MMC 250, 420 Delaware St SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Wilderness Environ Med 16:9-15. 2005
  8. pmc Gender differences among long-distance backpackers: A prospective study of women Appalachian Trail backpackers
    David R Boulware
    Department of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    Wilderness Environ Med 15:175-80. 2004
  9. pmc Paucity of initial cerebrospinal fluid inflammation in cryptococcal meningitis is associated with subsequent immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome
    David R Boulware
    Division of Infectious Diseases and International Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
    J Infect Dis 202:962-70. 2010
  10. ncbi request reprint Backpacking-induced paresthesias
    David R Boulware
    Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Wilderness Environ Med 14:161-6. 2003

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications54

  1. pmc Clinical features and serum biomarkers in HIV immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome after cryptococcal meningitis: a prospective cohort study
    David R Boulware
    Division of Infectious Diseases and International Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
    PLoS Med 7:e1000384. 2010
    ..The pathogenesis of IRIS is poorly understood and prediction of IRIS is not possible...
  2. pmc Pediatric HIV immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome
    David R Boulware
    Infectious Diseases and International Medicine, Center for Infectious Diseases and Microbiology Translational Research, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
    Curr Opin HIV AIDS 3:461-7. 2008
    ..As the antiretroviral therapy roll out has gathered pace since 2004 in resource-limited settings, pediatric immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome has emerged as a clinical challenge...
  3. pmc Cryptococcal meningitis treatment strategies in resource-limited settings: a cost-effectiveness analysis
    Radha Rajasingham
    Infectious Disease Institute, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
    PLoS Med 9:e1001316. 2012
    ..A cost-effectiveness analysis was performed to guide stakeholders with respect to optimal CM treatment within resource limitations...
  4. pmc Maltreatment of Strongyloides infection: case series and worldwide physicians-in-training survey
    David R Boulware
    Division of Infectious Disease and International Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55455, USA
    Am J Med 120:545.e1-8. 2007
    ..The persistence of infection, increasing international travel, lack of familiarity by health care providers, and potential for iatrogenic hyperinfection all make strongyloidiasis an important emerging infection...
  5. pmc A randomized, controlled field trial for the prevention of jellyfish stings with a topical sting inhibitor
    David R Boulware
    Division of Infectious Disease and International Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, 55455, USA
    J Travel Med 13:166-71. 2006
    ..The field effectiveness is unknown. The objective is to evaluate the field efficacy of the jellyfish sting inhibitor, Safe Sea...
  6. pmc Rapid diagnosis of pneumococcal pneumonia among HIV-infected adults with urine antigen detection
    David R Boulware
    Division of Infectious Disease and International Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, MMC 250, 420 Delaware St SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    J Infect 55:300-9. 2007
    ..Streptococcus pneumoniae is the leading cause of bacterial pneumonia and associated bacteremia during HIV infection. Rapid diagnostic assays may limit inappropriate therapy...
  7. pmc Passive prophylaxis with permethrin-treated tents reduces mosquito bites among North American summer campers
    David R Boulware
    Division of Infectious Disease and International Medicine, University of Minnesota, MMC 250, 420 Delaware St SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Wilderness Environ Med 16:9-15. 2005
    ..Insect repellent is recommended but often not used. It is unknown whether permethrin treatment of a location, such as a campsite, provides passive prophylaxis reducing mosquito bites among all persons in the immediate vicinity...
  8. pmc Gender differences among long-distance backpackers: A prospective study of women Appalachian Trail backpackers
    David R Boulware
    Department of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    Wilderness Environ Med 15:175-80. 2004
    ..The objective was to compare women with men backpackers to determine the extent to which injuries and illnesses limit endurance outdoor recreational activities...
  9. pmc Paucity of initial cerebrospinal fluid inflammation in cryptococcal meningitis is associated with subsequent immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome
    David R Boulware
    Division of Infectious Diseases and International Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
    J Infect Dis 202:962-70. 2010
    ..Cryptococcal meningitis (CM)-related immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) complicates antiretroviral therapy (ART) in 20%-40% of ART-naive persons with AIDS and prior CM. Pathogenesis is unknown...
  10. ncbi request reprint Backpacking-induced paresthesias
    David R Boulware
    Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Wilderness Environ Med 14:161-6. 2003
    ..To evaluate the presence of numbness and paresthesias among long-distance backpackers on the Appalachian Trail...
  11. pmc Cost-effectiveness of serum cryptococcal antigen screening to prevent deaths among HIV-infected persons with a CD4+ cell count < or = 100 cells/microL who start HIV therapy in resource-limited settings
    David B Meya
    Infectious Disease Institute, Makerere University, Mulago Hospital Complex, Kampala, Uganda
    Clin Infect Dis 51:448-55. 2010
    ..We sought to define the cost-effectiveness of serum cryptococcal antigen (CRAG) screening to identify persons with subclinical cryptococcosis and the efficacy of preemptive fluconazole therapy...
  12. pmc Impact of global health residency training on medical knowledge of immigrant health
    Ashley Balsam Bjorklund
    Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 85:405-8. 2011
    ..9). A formal GHP curriculum was associated with improved knowledge regarding common parasitic infections and the risk of iatrogenic morbidity and mortality due to strongyloidiasis...
  13. pmc Timing of antiretroviral therapy after diagnosis of cryptococcal meningitis
    David R Boulware
    From the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis D R B, D B M, M A R, K H H, D A W, R R, J R, M W L, K N, T L B, P R B the Infectious Disease Institute D B M, A M, H W N, D A W, R R, J R, M W L, A K, Y C M and School of Medicine, College of Health Sciences D B M, Makerere University, Kampala, and Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Mbarara C M, K T both in Uganda the University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa C S, F T, G M Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore Y C M the Mucosal and Vaccine Research Program Colorado MAVRC, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora
    N Engl J Med 370:2487-98. 2014
    ..Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is essential for survival; however, the question of when ART should be initiated after diagnosis of cryptococcal meningitis remains unanswered...
  14. pmc Efficacy of adjunctive sertraline for the treatment of HIV-associated cryptococcal meningitis: an open-label dose-ranging study
    Joshua Rhein
    University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA Infectious Disease Institute, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda Electronic address
    Lancet Infect Dis 16:809-18. 2016
    ..Cryptococcus is the most common cause of adult meningitis in Africa. We assessed the safety and microbiological efficacy of adjunctive sertraline, previously shown to have in-vitro and in-vivo activity against cryptococcus...
  15. pmc Outcomes of cryptococcal meningitis in Uganda before and after the availability of highly active antiretroviral therapy
    Andrew Kambugu
    Infectious Disease Institute, Makerere University, Kampala Uganda
    Clin Infect Dis 46:1694-701. 2008
    ..Cryptococcal meningitis (CM) is the proximate cause of death in 20%-30% of persons with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in Africa...
  16. pmc Antiretroviral therapy down-regulates innate antiviral response genes in patients with AIDS in sub-saharan Africa
    David R Boulware
    Division of Infectious Disease and International Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 55:428-38. 2010
    ..We characterized the effects of successful antiretroviral therapy (ART) to identify the breadth and patterns of HIV-associated gene expression...
  17. pmc Integrating cryptococcal antigen screening and pre-emptive treatment into routine HIV care
    Radha Rajasingham
    Infectious Disease Institute, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 59:e85-91. 2012
    ..We provide recommendations for implementation, pre-emptive treatment, and identify the gaps in our current knowledge...
  18. pmc Strongyloides hyperinfection presenting as acute respiratory failure and gram-negative sepsis
    Ashley M Newberry
    Department of Medicine, Hennepin County Medical Center, Minneapolis, USA
    Chest 128:3681-4. 2005
    ..Typically, patients present with pulmonary symptoms but subsequently acquire Gram-negative sepsis. Several cases have been noted in Minnesota, and their presentation, diagnostic evaluation, and clinical outcomes were reviewed...
  19. pmc Reproducibility of CSF quantitative culture methods for estimating rate of clearance in cryptococcal meningitis
    Jonathan Dyal
    University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota Infectious Disease Institute, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
    Med Mycol 54:361-9. 2016
    ..14) on a group level; however, individual-level clearance varied. The St. George and ACTG quantitative CSF culture methods produced comparable but not identical results. Quantitative cultures can inform treatment management strategies. ..
  20. pmc Travel medicine for the extreme traveler
    David R Boulware
    Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Disease and International Medicine, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
    Dis Mon 52:309-25. 2006
  21. pmc Diagnostic performance of rapid diagnostic tests versus blood smears for malaria in US clinical practice
    William M Stauffer
    Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases and International Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 49:908-13. 2009
    ..The objective of this study was to determine the diagnostic performance of a RDT approved by the US Food and Drug Administration compared with traditional thick and thin blood smears for malaria diagnosis...
  22. ncbi request reprint Cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers and HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders in HIV-infected individuals in Rakai, Uganda
    Mahsa Abassi
    University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    J Neurovirol . 2016
    ..The presence of select CNS biomarkers may also play a protective role in the development of HAND...
  23. pmc Diagnostic Delay and Antibiotic Overuse in Acute Pulmonary Blastomycosis
    Jonathan D Alpern
    Division of Infectious Disease and International Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis Department of Medicine, Regions Hospital, St Paul, Minnesota
    Open Forum Infect Dis 3:ofw078. 2016
    ..Diagnostic delay can be decreased with higher suspicion for pulmonary blastomycosis and early use of the sputum KOH smear. ..
  24. pmc Implementation and Operational Research: Impact of Nurse-Targeted Care on HIV Outcomes Among Immunocompromised Persons: A Before-After Study in Uganda
    Agnes N Kiragga
    Research Department, Infectious Diseases Institute, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda Division of Infectious Disease and International Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN Division of Global HIV AIDS DGHA, Center for Global Health CGH, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda and Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 72:e32-6. 2016
    ..We sought to evaluate the impact of targeted clinic-based nurse care on antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation and retention among severely immunocompromised HIV-infected persons...
  25. pmc Seroprevalence of histoplasmosis in Kampala, Uganda
    Nathan C Bahr
    Infectious Diseases Institute, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota Center for Infectious Disease and Microbiology Translational Research, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota
    Med Mycol 54:295-300. 2016
    ..There appears to be no cross-reactivity between Cryptococcus neoformans and Histoplasma antigen testing, and cryptococcosis appears to be at most, a rare cause of positive Histoplasma IgG. ..
  26. pmc Increased Antifungal Drug Resistance in Clinical Isolates of Cryptococcus neoformans in Uganda
    Kyle D Smith
    Department of Microbiology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 59:7197-204. 2015
    ..Thus, we also developed and validated an assay that could easily be implemented in a resource-limited setting, with similar susceptibility results (P = 0.52)...
  27. pmc Long term 5-year survival of persons with cryptococcal meningitis or asymptomatic subclinical antigenemia in Uganda
    Elissa K Butler
    Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    PLoS ONE 7:e51291. 2012
    ..Pre-ART CRAG screening with preemptive fluconazole treatment and improved CM treatment(s) are needed to reduce AIDS-attributable mortality due to cryptococcosis which remains 20-25% in sub-Saharan Africa...
  28. pmc Point-of-care diagnosis and prognostication of cryptococcal meningitis with the cryptococcal antigen lateral flow assay on cerebrospinal fluid
    Taseera Kabanda
    Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Uganda
    Clin Infect Dis 58:113-6. 2014
    ..7) and predicted 2- and 10-week mortality. The CRAG LFA is an accurate diagnostic assay for CSF and should be considered for point-of-care diagnosis of cryptococcal meningitis. ..
  29. ncbi request reprint Travel medicine considerations for North American immigrants visiting friends and relatives
    Nina Bacaner
    Community University Health Care Center, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA
    JAMA 291:2856-64. 2004
    ..Immigrants and their children frequently return to visit their homeland, referred to as visiting friends and relatives (VFRs). They account for a disproportionately high volume of international travel...
  30. pmc Cost-effective diagnostic checklists for meningitis in resource-limited settings
    Kara N Durski
    School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 63:e101-8. 2013
    ..However, the cost effectiveness of such algorithms is unknown...
  31. pmc Higher levels of CRP, D-dimer, IL-6, and hyaluronic acid before initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) are associated with increased risk of AIDS or death
    David R Boulware
    University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
    J Infect Dis 203:1637-46. 2011
    ..Substantial morbidity occurs during the first year of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in persons with advanced human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease despite HIV suppression. Biomarkers may identify high-risk groups...
  32. pmc Central nervous system immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome
    Nathan Bahr
    Division of Infectious Diseases and International Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, MTRF 3 222, 2001 6th Street SE, Minneapolis, MN, 55455, USA
    Curr Infect Dis Rep 15:583-93. 2013
    ..This review focuses on advances in the understanding of CNS-IRIS over the past 2 years. ..
  33. ncbi request reprint Activity of VT-1129 against Cryptococcus neoformans clinical isolates with high fluconazole MICs
    Kirsten Nielsen
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    Med Mycol . 2016
    ..027 μg/ml. The VT-1129 MIC50 was 0.05 μg/ml and 0.25 μg/ml for dose-dependent (n = 27) and resistant isolates (n = 6), respectively. These data suggest VT-1129 shows potential for use against fluconazole-resistant Cryptococcus...
  34. pmc Cryptococcal Meningitis: Diagnosis and Management Update
    Mahsa Abassi
    University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA Infectious Disease Institute, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
    Curr Trop Med Rep 2:90-99. 2015
    ..New trials utilizing different combinations of antifungal therapy are reviewed, and we summarize the efficacy of different regimens...
  35. pmc Diagnostic performance of a multiplex PCR assay for meningitis in an HIV-infected population in Uganda
    Joshua Rhein
    Division of Infectious Disease and International Health, Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA Infectious Disease Institute, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda Electronic address
    Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 84:268-73. 2016
    ..The FilmArray Meningitis/Encephalitis panel offers a promising platform for rapid meningitis diagnosis. ..
  36. pmc The immunopathogenesis of cryptococcal immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome: understanding a conundrum
    David B Meya
    aInfectious Disease Institute, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda bDepartment of Medicine, Center for Infectious Diseases and Microbiology Translational Research, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA cSchool of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda dDivision of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland eMucosal and Vaccine Research Program Colorado MAVRC, University of Colorado Denver fDenver Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Denver, Colorado, USA
    Curr Opin Infect Dis 29:10-22. 2016
    ..We review our current understanding of the pathogenesis of this phenomenon, focusing on unifying innate and adaptive immune mechanisms leading to the development of this often fatal syndrome...
  37. pmc Cellular immune activation in cerebrospinal fluid from ugandans with cryptococcal meningitis and immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome
    David B Meya
    Infectious Disease Institute School of Medicine, College of Health Sciences Department of Medicine, Center for Infectious Diseases and Microbiology Translational Research, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
    J Infect Dis 211:1597-606. 2015
    ..The immunopathogenesis of CM immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) after initiation of antiretroviral therapy at the site of infection is poorly understood...
  38. pmc Epidemiology of meningitis in an HIV-infected Ugandan cohort
    Radha Rajasingham
    University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota Infectious Disease Institute, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda Minnesota Department of Health, St Paul, Minnesota Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado Department of Medicine, Makerere University College of Health Sciences, Kampala, Uganda
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 92:274-9. 2015
    ..Exploration of new TB diagnostics and diagnostic algorithms for evaluation of meningitis in resource-limited settings remains needed, and implementation of cryptococcal diagnostics is critical. ..
  39. pmc Performance of cryptococcal antigen lateral flow assay using saliva in Ugandans with CD4 <100
    Richard Kwizera
    Infectious Diseases Institute, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
    PLoS ONE 9:e103156. 2014
    ..These require invasive lumbar punctures. The utility of cryptococcal antigen detection in saliva is unknown. We evaluated the diagnostic performance of the point-of-care cryptococcal antigen lateral flow assay (CrAg LFA) in saliva...
  40. pmc Financial implications of refugee malaria: the impact of pre-departure presumptive treatment with anti-malarial drugs
    Stefan Collinet-Adler
    Hennepin County Medical Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 77:458-63. 2007
    ..Overseas presumptive therapy has greater cost-benefits than U.S. based screening and treatment strategies...
  41. doi request reprint Recent advances in AIDS-related cryptococcal meningitis treatment with an emphasis on resource limited settings
    Sarah Lofgren
    a University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther . 2017
    ..Expert Commentary. Improved care for cryptococcal meningitis patients in resource-limited settings is possible, and new treatment possibilities are emerging...
  42. pmc GeneXpert MTB/Rif to Diagnose Tuberculous Meningitis: Perhaps the First Test but not the Last
    Nathan C Bahr
    Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
    Clin Infect Dis 62:1133-5. 2016
    ..Second, emphasis on the large CSF volumes (ideally 8-10 mL) needed for Xpert testing is required. Guidelines should also emphasize that TBM is a medical emergency and early treatment reduces mortality. ..
  43. pmc Cryptococcus-Related Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome(IRIS): Pathogenesis and Its Clinical Implications
    Darin L Wiesner
    Division of Infectious Disease and International Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    Curr Fungal Infect Rep 5:252-261. 2011
    ..Prophylactic anti-inflammatory therapies or undue delay of ART initiation in an attempt to prevent IRIS is unwarranted and may be dangerous...
  44. doi request reprint Personal Protection Measures Against Mosquitoes, Ticks, and Other Arthropods
    Jonathan D Alpern
    Division of Infectious Disease and International Medicine, University of Minnesota, 420 Delaware Street SE, MMC 250 Mayo, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA Electronic address
    Med Clin North Am 100:303-16. 2016
    ..Spatial repellents may prevent nuisance biting, but have not been shown to prevent against vector-borne disease. ..
  45. pmc Chitin recognition via chitotriosidase promotes pathologic type-2 helper T cell responses to cryptococcal infection
    Darin L Wiesner
    Department of Microbiology, Medical School, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota
    PLoS Pathog 11:e1004701. 2015
    ....
  46. pmc Predictors of neurocognitive outcomes on antiretroviral therapy after cryptococcal meningitis: a prospective cohort study
    Renee Donahue Carlson
    Division of Infectious Diseases and International Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, 3 222 MTRF, 2001 6th St SE, Minneapolis, MN, 55455, USA
    Metab Brain Dis 29:269-79. 2014
    ..Few characteristics related to severity of cryptococcosis, including Cryptococcus burden, were associated with neurocognitive outcome. ..
  47. pmc Significantly improved analytical sensitivity of lateral flow immunoassays by using thermal contrast
    Zhenpeng Qin
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Minnesota, 111 Church St SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA http me umn edu people bischof shtml
    Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 51:4358-61. 2012
    ....
  48. pmc Utility of the Xpert MTB/RIF assay for diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis
    David R Boulware
    Division of Infectious Diseases and International Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America
    PLoS Med 10:e1001537. 2013
    ..David Boulware discusses the challenges of diagnosing tuberculous meningitis and the implications of the study by Patel and colleagues using the Xpert MTB/RIF assay for diagnosis. Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary. ..
  49. pmc Physician preferences for elements of effective consultations
    David R Boulware
    University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 25:25-30. 2010
    ..Effective communication is vital for optimal medical consultation, but there is little current information about physician preferences for effective consultation...
  50. ncbi request reprint Influence of hygiene on gastrointestinal illness among wilderness backpackers
    David R Boulware
    Department of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    J Travel Med 11:27-33. 2004
    ..Gastrointestinal illness is a common risk for wilderness travelers, even among those who consistently disinfect their water, yet the importance of hygiene has not been characterized...
  51. ncbi request reprint Medical risks of wilderness hiking
    David R Boulware
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care, Department of Medicine and Department of Family Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA
    Am J Med 114:288-93. 2003
    ..We sought to determine the extent to which injuries and illnesses limit long-distance or endurance outdoor recreational activities...
  52. pmc A case for treating high hepatitis B DNA levels before starting HIV therapy
    Jason V Baker
    AIDS 20:2402-3. 2006
  53. pmc Hypereosinophilic syndrome and mepolizumab
    David R Boulware
    N Engl J Med 358:2839; author reply 2839-40. 2008