- Antiretroviral therapy in HIV-positive women is associated with increased apolipoproteins and total cholesterolDavid Rimland
Atlanta VA Medical Center, Atlanta, GA 30033, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 42:307-13. 2006..Dyslipidemia has become a common problem in HIV disease, especially in patients on combination antiretroviral (ARV) therapy. However, little data are available to evaluate lipid abnormalities in women on ARV therapy...
- Antiretroviral therapy in HIV-positive men is associated with increased apolipoprotein CIII in triglyceride-rich lipoproteinsD Rimland
Atlanta VA Medical Center, Atlanta, GA 30033, USA
HIV Med 6:326-33. 2005..Dyslipidaemia has become a common problem in HIV disease, especially in patients on current antiretroviral therapy. However, the pathogenic mechanisms involved are not well understood or documented using conventional lipid measurements...
- Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus colonization in HIV-infected outpatients is common and detection is enhanced by groin cultureP J Peters
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
Epidemiol Infect 139:998-1008. 2011..In summary, the prevalence of MRSA colonization was high in this study of HIV-infected adults and detection of USA300 was enhanced by groin culture. ..
- Genetic variation in Pneumocystis carinii isolates from different geographic regions: implications for transmissionC B Beard
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341 3724, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 6:265-72. 2000..carinii f. sp. hominis...
- Molecular subtype distribution of Cryptococcus neoformans in four areas of the United States. Cryptococcal Disease Active Surveillance GroupM E Brandt
Emerging Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases Branch, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
J Clin Microbiol 34:912-7. 1996..neoformans possesses a clonal population structure. Continued application of molecular subtyping methods will be useful in tracking the source, transmission, and relative virulence of different C. neoformans strains...
- Risk factors for community-acquired pneumonia among persons infected with human immunodeficiency virusT R Navin
Division of Parasitic Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
J Infect Dis 181:158-64. 2000..In addition, hospitalization for pneumonia might represent a missed opportunity to encourage HIV-infected patients to enter into regular medical care and to adhere to prescribed antiretroviral and prophylaxis medications...
- Declining CD4+ T-lymphocyte counts are associated with increased risk of enteric parasitosis and chronic diarrhea: results of a 3-year longitudinal studyT R Navin
Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, US Public Health Service, US Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia 30341 3724, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol 20:154-9. 1999..In this patient population, enteric protozoan parasites were commonly associated with illness, particularly as immunosuppression worsened, and were more likely to be associated with chronic rather than acute diarrhea...
- Evaluation of effectiveness of the 23-valent pneumococcal capsular polysaccharide vaccine for HIV-infected patientsR F Breiman
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd, MS C 12, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
Arch Intern Med 160:2633-8. 2000..We conducted a retrospective case-control study to evaluate effectiveness of pneumococcal vaccine against invasive disease among adults with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in San Francisco, Calif, and Atlanta, Ga...
- Towards a combined prognostic index for survival in HIV infection: the role of 'non-HIV' biomarkersAmy C Justice
Section of General Internal Medicine, Veterans Affairs Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, CT, USA
HIV Med 11:143-51. 2010..We ask whether 'non-HIV' biomarkers improve differentiation of mortality risk among individuals initiating combination antiretroviral therapy (cART)...
- Effect of mutations in Pneumocystis carinii dihydropteroate synthase gene on outcome of P carinii pneumonia in patients with HIV-1: a prospective studyT R Navin
Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Infectious, Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, United States Public Health Service, Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, GA, USA
Lancet 358:545-9. 2001..Our results suggest that presence of a DHPS mutation should be only one of several criteria guiding the choice of initial drug treatment of P carinii pneumonia in patients with HIV-1 infection...
- Intracellular cytokines in the acute response to highly active antiretroviral therapyE Lew
HIV Immunology and Diagnostics Branch, Division of AIDS, STD, and TB Laboratory Research, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
AIDS 15:1665-70. 2001..If confirmed by others, these observations may be useful as early predictors of response to and early failure of HAART...
- Trends in antifungal drug susceptibility of Cryptococcus neoformans isolates in the United States: 1992 to 1994 and 1996 to 1998M E Brandt
Mycotic Diseases Branch, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
Antimicrob Agents Chemother 45:3065-9. 2001..We conclude that in vitro resistance to antifungal agents remains uncommon in C. neoformans and has not significantly changed with time during the past decade...
- Post-discharge mortality in patients hospitalized with MRSA infection and/or colonizationA Sharma
Atlanta Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Decatur, GA 30033, USA
Epidemiol Infect 141:1187-98. 2013..Surviving MRSA infection adversely affects long-term mortality, underscoring the importance of infection control in healthcare settings...
- Evaluation of the impact of direct plating, broth enrichment, and specimen source on recovery and diversity of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates among HIV-infected outpatientsS K McAllister
Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, MS C16, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
J Clin Microbiol 49:4126-30. 2011..USA500/Iberian and USA300 were the most common MRSA strains recovered, and USA300 was more likely than other strain types to be recovered from the groin than from the nose (P = 0.05)...
- Comparison of colorectal cancer screening and diagnoses in HIV-positive and HIV-negative veteransJ L Guest
a Atlanta Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Atlanta, GA, USA
AIDS Care 26:1490-3. 2014..Future studies will need to address whether different recommendations are needed for screening based on HIV status, younger age, or race...
- Hepatitis B virus and HIV coinfection: relationship of different serological patterns to survival and liver diseaseM K Osborn
School of Medicine, Emory University, Division of Infectious Diseases, Atlanta, GA 30308, USA
HIV Med 8:271-9. 2007..The impact of chronic HBV infection or the presence of isolated HBV core antibody on survival in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has not been well studied...
- Molecular epidemiology of Candida albicans strains isolated from the oropharynx of HIV-positive patients at successive clinic visitsB A Lasker
Mycotic Diseases Branch, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Cancer for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
Med Mycol 39:341-52. 2001..The adaptation and maintenance of an endogenous C. albicans strain within its host may be linked to as yet uncharacterized factors...
- Infections with Ehrlichia chaffeensis and Ehrlichia ewingii in persons coinfected with human immunodeficiency virusC D Paddock
Viral and Rickettsial Zoonoses Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
Clin Infect Dis 33:1586-94. 2001....
- Prevention of cryptococcosis in HIV-infected patients with limited access to highly active antiretroviral therapy: evidence for primary azole prophylaxisP T Cantey
Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA
HIV Med 6:253-9. 2005....
- Prospective study of etiologic agents of community-acquired pneumonia in patients with HIV infectionD Rimland
Veterans Affairs Medical Center and Research Center on AIDS and HIV Infection, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30033, USA
AIDS 16:85-95. 2002....
- Impact of pneumococcal vaccination on the incidence of pneumonia by HIV infection status among patients enrolled in the Veterans Aging Cohort 5-Site StudyMaria C Rodriguez-Barradas
Medical Service, Michael E De Bakey Veterans Affairs VA Medical Center and Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA
Clin Infect Dis 46:1093-100. 2008..Benefits of vaccination with the 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV) among these patients continue to be debated...
- The associations of regional adipose tissue with lipid and lipoprotein levels in HIV-infected menDavid Wohl
AIDS Clinical Trials Unit, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 48:44-52. 2008..HIV infection and antiretroviral therapy are associated with dyslipidemia, but the association between regional adipose tissue depots and lipid levels is not defined...
- Regional adipose tissue and elevations in serum aminotransferases in HIV-infected individualsPhyllis C Tien
Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 48:169-76. 2008..Obesity is associated with hepatic steatosis, and ALT is a marker of steatosis in the general population...
- Regional adipose tissue and lipid and lipoprotein levels in HIV-infected womenJudith Currier
Department of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 48:35-43. 2008..HIV infection and antiretroviral therapy are associated with dyslipidemia, but the association between regional body fat and lipid levels is not well described...
- Aging and infectious diseases: do patterns of comorbidity vary by HIV status, age, and HIV severity?Joseph L Goulet
Veterans Affairs Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, CT 06516, USA
Clin Infect Dis 45:1593-601. 2007..Patterns of comorbidity differ substantially by HIV status, age, and HIV severity. Primary care guidelines require adaptation for persons with HIV infection...
- Simple anthropometric measures correlate with metabolic risk indicators as strongly as magnetic resonance imaging-measured adipose tissue depots in both HIV-infected and control subjectsRebecca Scherzer
Northern California Institute for Research and Education, San Francisco, CA, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 87:1809-17. 2008..Studies in persons without HIV infection have compared percentage body fat (%BF) and waist circumference as markers of risk for the complications of excess adiposity, but only limited study has been conducted in HIV-infected subjects...
- Differences in rates of diarrhea in patients with human immunodeficiency virus receiving lopinavir-ritonavir or nelfinavirJodie L Guest
Infectious Disease Section, Atlanta Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Decatur, Georgia, USA
Pharmacotherapy 24:727-35. 2004..To determine and compare rates of diarrhea in patients receiving an antiretroviral regimen containing lopinavir-ritonavir versus nelfinavir and in patients who received these drugs sequentially...
- Episodic antiretroviral therapy increases HIV transmission risk compared with continuous therapy: results of a randomized controlled trialWilliam Burman
Denver Public Health, 605 Bannock Street, Denver, CO 80204, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 49:142-50. 2008..To compare the HIV transmission risk among patients randomized to episodic versus continuous antiretroviral therapy...
- Association between hepatitis C virus coinfection and regional adipose tissue volume in HIV-infected men and womenPhyllis C Tien
Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco and Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 45:60-5. 2007..Coinfection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) is reported to be associated with a higher prevalence of lipodystrophy than HIV infection alone. We examine the association between HCV and adipose tissue volume in HIV-infected men and women...
- Veterans Aging Cohort Study (VACS): Overview and descriptionAmy C Justice
VA Conneticut Healthcare System, West Haven, CT 06516, USA
Med Care 44:S13-24. 2006..VACS includes the earlier 3 and 5 site studies (VACS 3 and VACS 5) as well as the ongoing 8 site study...
- Psychiatric and neurocognitive disorders among HIV-positive and negative veterans in care: Veterans Aging Cohort Five-Site StudyAmy C Justice
Veterans Aging Cohort Study Center, VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System, and University of Pittsburgh Center for Research on Health Care, School of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine, Pennsylvania, USA
AIDS 18:S49-59. 2004..The risk for psychiatric and neurocognitive disorders among middle-aged and older individuals with HIV infection has not been well characterized...
- Comparison of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and magnetic resonance imaging-measured adipose tissue depots in HIV-infected and control subjectsRebecca Scherzer
University of California, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 88:1088-96. 2008....
- The changing epidemiology of cryptococcosis: an update from population-based active surveillance in 2 large metropolitan areas, 1992-2000Sara A Mirza
Mycotic Diseases Branch, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
Clin Infect Dis 36:789-94. 2003..More efforts are needed to expand the availability of HAART and routine HIV care services to these persons...
- Aseptic meningitis and optic neuritis preceding varicella-zoster progressive outer retinal necrosis in a patient with AIDSCarlos Franco-Paredes
Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Emory University School of Medicine, 69 Butler Street, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA
AIDS 16:1045-9. 2002..We also review of the literature of seven additional reported cases of retrobulbar optic neuritis preceding the onset of VZV retinitis...
- Hepatitis C virus coinfection increases mortality in HIV-infected patients in the highly active antiretroviral therapy era: data from the HIV Atlanta VA Cohort StudyKatie B Anderson
Rollins School of Public Health at Emory University, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Clin Infect Dis 39:1507-13. 2004..We compared survival among patients coinfected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) with that among patients infected solely with HIV...
- Antiretroviral rounds. MSRA: not just for inpatients anymoreDavid Rimland
Infectious Diseases, Medical Service, VA Medical Center, Decatur, Georgia, USA
AIDS Clin Care 16:82, 86. 2004
- Association of upper trunk and visceral adipose tissue volume with insulin resistance in control and HIV-infected subjects in the FRAM studyCarl Grunfeld
Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 46:283-90. 2007..Thus, VAT and upper trunk SAT are independently associated with insulin resistance in controls and in HIV-infected persons...
- Hepatitis B reverse seroconversion in HIV-positive patients: case series and review of the literatureNadine G Rouphael
Division of Infectious Diseases, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
AIDS 21:771-4. 2007..Only 3 patients demonstrated reverse seroconversion in the setting of lamivudine or tenofovir withdrawal. 2/24 (8%) patients died from their HBV flare...
- Clostridium difficile: association with thrombocytosis and leukocytosisWerner C Albrich
Division of Infectious Diseases, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, School of Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
South Med J 100:149-51. 2007..Apart from leukocytosis, few laboratory markers suggestive of Clostridium difficile infections have been described...
- Intoxication before intercourse and risky sexual behavior in male veterans with and without human immunodeficiency virus infectionRobert L Cook
Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
Med Care 44:S31-6. 2006....
- West Nile virus southeast conferenceDavid Rimland
Emerg Infect Dis 9:897-8. 2003
- Genetic differences in Pneumocystis isolates recovered from immunocompetent infants and from adults with AIDS: Epidemiological ImplicationsCharles B Beard
Division of Vector Borne Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC, Fort Collins, CO 80521, USA
J Infect Dis 192:1815-8. 2005..0001). The observation of different strains circulating in immunocompetent infants and HIV-infected adults suggests independent transmission cycles that warrant further study...
- Response to hepatitis A vaccine in HIV patients in the HAART eraDavid Rimland
VA Medical Center and Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA
AIDS 19:1702-4. 2005..The lack of association with the nadir CD4 cell count suggests that patients will respond to vaccine after immunological reconstitution in response to HAART...
- Differences between infectious diseases-certified physicians and general medicine-certified physicians in the level of comfort with providing primary care to patientsShawn L Fultz
Veterans Affairs Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, CT 06516, USA
Clin Infect Dis 41:738-43. 2005..We examined the level of comfort self-reported by experts in HIV medicine with prescribing medications to HIV-infected patients for hyperlipidemia, diabetes, hypertension, and depression...