Affiliation: National Institutes of Health
- Girls health Enrichment Multi-site Studies (GEMS): new approaches to obesity prevention among young African-American girlsEva Obarzanek
Division of Epidemiology and Clinical Applications, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 7936, USA
Ethn Dis 13:S1-5. 2003..This report describes the background and rationale for the GEMS initiative. This journal supplement describes the experiences of the GEMS Phase 1 program...
- Individual blood pressure responses to changes in salt intake: results from the DASH-Sodium trialEva Obarzanek
Division of Epidemiology and Clinical Applications, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, 6701 Rockledge Drive, Room 8136, MSC 7936, Bethesda, MD 20892 7936, USA
Hypertension 42:459-67. 2003....
- Effects on blood lipids of a blood pressure-lowering diet: the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) TrialE Obarzanek
Division of Epidemiology and Clinical Applications, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 7936, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 74:80-9. 2001..Effects of diet on blood lipids are best known in white men, and effects of type of carbohydrate on triacylglycerol concentrations are not well defined...
- Effects of individual components of multiple behavior changes: the PREMIER trialEva Obarzanek
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892 7936, USA
Am J Health Behav 31:545-60. 2007..To assess contributions of individual lifestyle changes on systolic blood pressure (SBP) changes...
- Long-term safety and efficacy of a cholesterol-lowering diet in children with elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol: seven-year results of the Dietary Intervention Study in Children (DISC)E Obarzanek
Division of Epidemiology and Clinical Applications, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 7936
Pediatrics 107:256-64. 2001..This study tests the long-term efficacy and safety of a cholesterol-lowering dietary intervention in children...
- Effect of diet composition on energy expenditure during weight loss: the POUNDS LOST StudyG A Bray
Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
Int J Obes (Lond) 36:448-55. 2012..Weight loss reduces energy expenditure, but the contribution of different macronutrients to this change is unclear...
- Choose and prepare foods with less salt: dietary advice for all AmericansC M Loria
National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892 7934, USA
J Nutr 131:536S-551S. 2001..Thus, changes to the Dietary Guidelines that emphasize the major sources of sodium in U.S. diets and advice to "choose and prepare foods with less salt" may help all Americans meet recommended sodium intake levels in the future...
- Stanford GEMS phase 2 obesity prevention trial for low-income African-American girls: design and sample baseline characteristicsThomas N Robinson
Department of Pediatrics and Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA
Contemp Clin Trials 29:56-69. 2008....
- Memphis Girls health Enrichment Multi-site Studies (GEMS): Phase 2: design and baselineRobert C Klesges
Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Tennessee Center for Health Sciences and St Jude Children s Research Hospital, Memphis, TN, USA
Contemp Clin Trials 29:42-55. 2008..The GEMS obesity prevention intervention targets improved diet and increased physical activity to reduce excessive weight gain in healthy African-American girls of ages 8-10...
- Early sexual maturation, body composition, and obesity in African-American girlsJohn H Himes
Division of Epidemiology, University of Minnesota, 1300 South Second Street, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
Obes Res 12:64S-72S. 2004..To describe associations between sexual maturation and body composition in a sample of African-American girls who were participants in phase 1 pilot interventions of the Girls Health Enrichment Multisite Studies...
- Imprecise control of energy intake: absence of a reduction in food intake following overfeeding in young adultsDavid A Levitsky
Division of Nutritional Sciences, 112 Savage Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 6301, USA
Physiol Behav 84:669-75. 2005..28 MJ (307 kcal)/day or about 14% was required to account for the weight loss following overfeeding...
- Children's adaptations to a fat-reduced diet: the Dietary Intervention Study in Children (DISC)Linda Van Horn
Department of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 680 N Lake Shore Dr, 1102, Chicago, IL 60611 4402, USA
Pediatrics 115:1723-33. 2005..DISC results have been published extensively. This ancillary study reports new data regarding changes in eating patterns among this cohort...
- Breakfast consumption by African-American and white adolescent girls correlates positively with calcium and fiber intake and negatively with body mass indexSandra G Affenito
Department of Nutrition, Saint Joseph College, West Hartford, CT, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 105:938-45. 2005..To describe age- and race-related differences in breakfast consumption and to examine the association of breakfast intake with dietary calcium and fiber and body mass index (BMI)...
- Relation between the changes in physical activity and body-mass index during adolescence: a multicentre longitudinal studySue Y S Kimm
Department of Internal Medicine, University of New Mexico School of Medicine, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, Albuquerque, NM 87131 0001, USA
Lancet 366:301-7. 2005..We examined changes in activity in relation to changes in body-mass index (BMI) and adiposity in a cohort of 1152 black and 1135 white girls from the USA, who were followed up prospectively from ages 9 or 10 to 18 or 19 years...
- Effects of protein, monounsaturated fat, and carbohydrate intake on blood pressure and serum lipids: results of the OmniHeart randomized trialLawrence J Appel
Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Division of General Internal Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205 2223, USA
JAMA 294:2455-64. 2005..Reduced intake of saturated fat is widely recommended for prevention of cardiovascular disease. The type of macronutrient that should replace saturated fat remains uncertain...
- Racial differences in correlates of misreporting of energy intake in adolescent femalesSue Y S Kimm
Department of Family Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pennsylvania, USA
Obesity (Silver Spring) 14:156-64. 2006..To determine the extent of misreporting of energy intake (EI) and its anthropometric, demographic, and psychosocial correlates in a bi-racial cohort of young women...
- Acceptability of sodium-reduced research diets, including the Dietary Approaches To Stop Hypertension diet, among adults with prehypertension and stage 1 hypertensionNjeri Karanja
Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Research, Portland, OR, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 107:1530-8. 2007..Examine the acceptability of sodium-reduced research diets...
- Effects of comprehensive lifestyle modification on diet, weight, physical fitness, and blood pressure control: 18-month results of a randomized trialPatricia J Elmer
Kaiser Permanente Northwest, Portland, Oregon 97227, USA
Ann Intern Med 144:485-95. 2006..The main 6-month results from the PREMIER trial showed that comprehensive behavioral intervention programs improve lifestyle behaviors and lower blood pressure...
- Childhood overweight and cardiovascular disease risk factors: the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Growth and Health StudyDouglas R Thompson
Maryland Medical Research Institute, Baltimore, MD 21210, USA
J Pediatr 150:18-25. 2007..To estimate the prevalence and incidence of overweight in African-American and Caucasian girls, and to examine associations between adolescent overweight and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors...
- A further subgroup analysis of the effects of the DASH diet and three dietary sodium levels on blood pressure: results of the DASH-Sodium TrialGeorge A Bray
Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, Lousiana, USA
Am J Cardiol 94:222-7. 2004....
- Physical activity self-report and accelerometry measures from the Girls health Enrichment Multi-site StudiesMargarita S Treuth
Center for Human Nutrition, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
Prev Med 38:S43-9. 2004..Valid and reliable physical activity checklists are needed to assess effectiveness of interventions. This study tested the validity and reliability of the Girls health Enrichment Multi-site Studies (GEMS) Activity Questionnaire...
- Validity and reliability of a behavior-based food coding system for measuring fruit, 100% fruit juice, vegetable, and sweetened beverage consumption: results from the Girls Health Enrichment Multisite StudiesKaren W Cullen
Department of Pediatrics, Children s Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030 2600, USA
Prev Med 38:S24-33. 2004..This paper presents the rationale, reliability, and validity of a behavior-based food coding system for measuring fruit (F), juice (J), vegetable (V), sweetened beverage, and water consumption in children...
- Obesity development during adolescence in a biracial cohort: the NHLBI Growth and Health StudySue Y S Kimm
Department of Family Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, USA
Pediatrics 110:e54. 2002..The purpose of this report was to examine changes in the annual prevalence rates of overweight and obesity in the NGHS cohort from ages 9 to 19 years...
- Estimation of energy requirements in a controlled feeding trialPao Hwa Lin
Sarah W Stedman Center for Nutritional Studies, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 77:639-45. 2003..Estimating energy requirements is a frequent task in clinical studies...
- Validity and reliability of activity measures in African-American girls for GEMSMargarita S Treuth
Center for Human Nutrition, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 35:532-9. 2003..To determine the reliability and validity of physical activity monitors and self-report instruments suitable for young African-American girls...
- Effects of comprehensive lifestyle modification on blood pressure control: main results of the PREMIER clinical trialLawrence J Appel
Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Md 21205 2233, USA
JAMA 289:2083-93. 2003..The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet also lowers BP. To date, no trial has evaluated the effects of simultaneously implementing these lifestyle recommendations...
- Common design elements of the Girls health Enrichment Multi-site Studies (GEMS)James Rochon
Biostatistics Center, George Washington University, Rockville, Maryland, USA
Ethn Dis 13:S6-14. 2003..This report presents the basic study design, a brief overview of the interventions, the measurements taken and their rationale, and procedures both for compiling the collaborative database, and performing site-specific analyses...
- Childhood obesity: a new pandemic of the new millenniumSue Y S Kimm
Department of Family Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
Pediatrics 110:1003-7. 2002
- Recruitment of African-American pre-adolescent girls into an obesity prevention trial: the GEMS pilot studiesMary Story
University of Minnesota, Division of Epidemiology, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55454, USA
Ethn Dis 13:S78-87. 2003..The objective of this report is to describe the methods used to recruit 8- to 10-year-old African-American girls into four 12-week randomized controlled pilot studies on obesity prevention...
- Phase 1 of the Girls health Enrichment Multi-site Studies (GEMS): conclusionShiriki K Kumanyika
Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Penn 19104 6021, USA
Ethn Dis 13:S88-91. 2003....
- The DASH diet and blood pressureShirley R Craddick
Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Research, 3800 North Interstate, Portland, OR 97227, USA
Curr Atheroscler Rep 5:484-91. 2003..The DASH diet should be promoted, along with maintaining healthy weight, reducing sodium intake, increasing regular physical activity, and limiting alcohol intake, for lowering blood pressure and reducing the risk of CVD...
- Premier: a clinical trial of comprehensive lifestyle modification for blood pressure control: rationale, design and baseline characteristicsLaura P Svetkey
Duke Hypertension Center and Sarah W Stedman Center for Nutritional Studies, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
Ann Epidemiol 13:462-71. 2003..To describe PREMIER, a randomized trial to determine the effects of multi-component lifestyle interventions on blood pressure (BP)...
- Population-based prevention of obesity: the need for comprehensive promotion of healthful eating, physical activity, and energy balance: a scientific statement from American Heart Association Council on Epidemiology and Prevention, Interdisciplinary CommiShiriki K Kumanyika
Circulation 118:428-64. 2008..The evidence-based experience for population-wide approaches to obesity prevention is highlighted...
- What's love got to do with it? Family cohesion and healthy eating behaviors in adolescent girlsDebra L Franko
Department of Counseling and Applied Educational Psychology, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts 02115 5000, USA
Int J Eat Disord 41:360-7. 2008..To examine the association between family cohesion and behaviors linked to health or overweight in adolescents...
- Effect of dietary sodium intake on blood lipids: results from the DASH-sodium trialDavid W Harsha
Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA
Hypertension 43:393-8. 2004..There were no significant interactions between the effects of sodium and the DASH diet on serum lipids. In conclusion, changes in dietary sodium intake over the range of 50 to 150 mmol/d did not affect blood lipid concentrations...
- Pathways to obesity prevention: report of a National Institutes of Health workshopShiriki K Kumanyika
Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
Obes Res 11:1263-74. 2003..Further insights derived from the workshop deliberations are reflected in a detailed list of recommendations for future obesity prevention research...
- Correlates of obesity in African-American girls: an overviewNancy E Sherwood
HealthPartners Research Foundation, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
Obes Res 12:3S-6S. 2004
- Nutrition and blood pressure: is protein one link? Toward a strategy of hypertension preventionJeffrey A Cutler
Ann Intern Med 143:74-5. 2005
- Long term effects of dietary sodium reduction on cardiovascular disease outcomes: observational follow-up of the trials of hypertension prevention (TOHP)Nancy R Cook
Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
BMJ 334:885-8. 2007..To examine the effects of reduction in dietary sodium intake on cardiovascular events using data from two completed randomised trials, TOHP I and TOHP II...
- A summary of results of the Dietary Intervention Study in Children (DISC): lessons learnedLinda Van Horn
Department of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University Medical School, 680 North Lake Shore Drive, 1102, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
Prog Cardiovasc Nurs 18:28-41. 2003..Highlights of key lessons learned from DISC and translational applications of potential interest to nurses and other health care providers are presented...
- Macronutrient intake of black and white adolescent girls over 10 years: the NHLBI Growth and Health StudyShari S Kronsberg
Maryland Medical Research Institute, Baltimore, MD 21210, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 103:852-60. 2003....
- Fast-food intake and diet quality in black and white girls: the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Growth and Health StudyMarcia Schmidt
Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229, USA
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 159:626-31. 2005..To examine trends in fast-food consumption and its relationship to calorie, fat, and sodium intake in black and white adolescent girls...
- Obesity research--limitations of methods, measurements, and medicationsDenise G Simons-Morton
JAMA 295:826-8. 2006
- Correlates of beverage intake in adolescent girls: the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Growth and Health StudyRuth H Striegel-Moore
Department of Psychology, Wesleyan University, 207 High Street, Middletown, CT 06459 0408, USA
J Pediatr 148:183-7. 2006....