Peter Schiller

Summary

Affiliation: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Location: Cambridge, USA
URL: http://web.mit.edu/bcs/schillerlab/
Publications:
Peter H. Schiller / 2011 / in: The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography, Volume 7

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Delaying visually guided saccades by microstimulation of macaque V1: spatial properties of delay fields
    Edward J Tehovnik
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, E25 634, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Eur J Neurosci 22:2635-43. 2005
  2. ncbi request reprint Depth from shading and disparity in humans and monkeys
    Ying Zhang
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    Vis Neurosci 24:207-15. 2007
  3. ncbi request reprint Microstimulation of V1 delays the execution of visually guided saccades
    Edward J Tehovnik
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, E25 634, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Eur J Neurosci 20:264-72. 2004
  4. doi request reprint The effect of overall stimulus velocity on motion parallax
    Ying Zhang
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
    Vis Neurosci 25:3-15. 2008
  5. ncbi request reprint Neural responses to relative speed in the primary visual cortex of rhesus monkey
    An Cao
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge 02139, USA
    Vis Neurosci 20:77-84. 2003
  6. ncbi request reprint Saccadic eye movements evoked by microstimulation of striate cortex
    Edward J Tehovnik
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, E25 634, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Eur J Neurosci 17:870-8. 2003
  7. ncbi request reprint Differential effects of laminar stimulation of V1 cortex on target selection by macaque monkeys
    Edward J Tehovnik
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, E25 634, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Eur J Neurosci 16:751-60. 2002
  8. ncbi request reprint Behavioral assessment of motion parallax and stereopsis as depth cues in rhesus monkeys
    An Cao
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Vision Res 42:1953-61. 2002
  9. doi request reprint Visual and auditory cue integration for the generation of saccadic eye movements in monkeys and lever pressing in humans
    Peter H Schiller
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA, USA
    Eur J Neurosci 36:2500-4. 2012
  10. ncbi request reprint How the parallel channels of the retina contribute to depth processing
    Peter H Schiller
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Ave, 46 6041, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Eur J Neurosci 26:1307-21. 2007

Research Grants

  1. PARALLEL INFORMATION PROCESSING OF THE VISUAL SYSTEM
    Peter Schiller; Fiscal Year: 2002
  2. NEURAL CONTROL OF VISUALLY GUIDED EYE MOVEMENTS
    Peter Schiller; Fiscal Year: 2007
  3. The Role of Areas V1 and V2 in Target Selection
    Peter Schiller; Fiscal Year: 2008

Detail Information

Publications27

  1. ncbi request reprint Delaying visually guided saccades by microstimulation of macaque V1: spatial properties of delay fields
    Edward J Tehovnik
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, E25 634, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Eur J Neurosci 22:2635-43. 2005
    ..These results are consistent with the finding that phosphenes evoked by electrical stimulation of human V1 are circular and increase in size as the stimulating electrode is placed more distant from the foveal representation of V1...
  2. ncbi request reprint Depth from shading and disparity in humans and monkeys
    Ying Zhang
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    Vis Neurosci 24:207-15. 2007
    ..The fact that monkeys can effectively utilize depth information derived from shading and disparity indicates that they are a good animal model for the study of the neural mechanisms that underlie the processing of these two depth cues...
  3. ncbi request reprint Microstimulation of V1 delays the execution of visually guided saccades
    Edward J Tehovnik
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, E25 634, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Eur J Neurosci 20:264-72. 2004
    ..24 ms. These values overlap with those that have been described for phosphene induction in human V1. We discuss how the elements mediating the saccadic delay might interrupt a visual signal as it passes along the geniculostriate pathway...
  4. doi request reprint The effect of overall stimulus velocity on motion parallax
    Ying Zhang
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
    Vis Neurosci 25:3-15. 2008
    ..The data collected suggest that the successive activation of just two sets of cones is sufficient to perform the task...
  5. ncbi request reprint Neural responses to relative speed in the primary visual cortex of rhesus monkey
    An Cao
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge 02139, USA
    Vis Neurosci 20:77-84. 2003
    ..These relative motion-sensitive neurons in macaque area VI probably contribute to figure/ground segmentation and motion discontinuity detection...
  6. ncbi request reprint Saccadic eye movements evoked by microstimulation of striate cortex
    Edward J Tehovnik
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, E25 634, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Eur J Neurosci 17:870-8. 2003
    ..Moreover, the excitability of elements mediating saccades in V1 of monkeys is comparable to that of elements mediating phosphenes in human V1...
  7. ncbi request reprint Differential effects of laminar stimulation of V1 cortex on target selection by macaque monkeys
    Edward J Tehovnik
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, E25 634, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Eur J Neurosci 16:751-60. 2002
    ..We suggest that microstimulation of the upper layers of V1 disrupts visual signals from retina en route to higher cortical areas, whereas microstimulation of the lower layers activates V1 efferents that innervate the oculomotor system...
  8. ncbi request reprint Behavioral assessment of motion parallax and stereopsis as depth cues in rhesus monkeys
    An Cao
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Vision Res 42:1953-61. 2002
    ..As in humans, motion parallax was somewhat less effective for depth discrimination than was stereopsis. These findings prepare efforts for assessing how motion parallax and stereopsis are co-processed in the visual system...
  9. doi request reprint Visual and auditory cue integration for the generation of saccadic eye movements in monkeys and lever pressing in humans
    Peter H Schiller
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA, USA
    Eur J Neurosci 36:2500-4. 2012
    ....
  10. ncbi request reprint How the parallel channels of the retina contribute to depth processing
    Peter H Schiller
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Ave, 46 6041, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Eur J Neurosci 26:1307-21. 2007
    ....
  11. pmc Visual prosthesis
    Peter H Schiller
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 4307, USA
    Perception 37:1529-59. 2008
    ....
  12. pmc Conditions that alter saccadic eye movement latencies and affect target choice to visual stimuli and to electrical stimulation of area V1 in the monkey
    Peter H Schiller
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
    Vis Neurosci 25:661-73. 2008
    ..By contrast, when electrical stimulation is paired with a visual target, introducing a gap greatly increases the frequency with which the electrical stimulation site is chosen...
  13. pmc Parallel information processing channels created in the retina
    Peter H Schiller
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:17087-94. 2010
    ..The last section provides a brief overview of several additional channels that originate in the retina...
  14. pmc The integration of disparity, shading and motion parallax cues for depth perception in humans and monkeys
    Peter H Schiller
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Brain Res 1377:67-77. 2011
    ..Testing in humans and monkeys yielded similar results suggesting that monkeys are a good animal model for the study of the underlying neural mechanisms of depth perception...
  15. pmc New methods devised specify the size and color of the spots monkeys see when striate cortex (area V1) is electrically stimulated
    Peter H Schiller
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:17809-14. 2011
    ....
  16. ncbi request reprint Demonstrations of spatiotemporal integration and what they tell us about the visual system
    Peter H Schiller
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Perception 35:1521-55. 2006
    ..Throughout, we make inferences about the roles which various parallel pathways and cortical areas play in the perceptions produced by the displays shown...
  17. ncbi request reprint Look and see: how the brain moves your eyes about
    P H Schiller
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Prog Brain Res 134:127-42. 2001
    ..In the anterior stream, the frontal eye fields, and to a lesser extent the medial eye fields, are involved in the correct execution of saccades subsequent to decisions made about where to look and where not to look...
  18. ncbi request reprint Temporal factors in target selection with saccadic eye movements
    Peter H Schiller
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Exp Brain Res 154:154-9. 2004
    ..The results provide information about the time-course of decisions involved in selecting visual targets with saccadic eye movements...
  19. ncbi request reprint Cortical inhibitory circuits in eye-movement generation
    Peter H Schiller
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Eur J Neurosci 18:3127-33. 2003
    ..Inhibitory circuits in the LIP do not appear to play a central role in target selection and in visual discrimination...
  20. ncbi request reprint How do target predictability and precueing affect the production of express saccades in monkeys?
    Peter H Schiller
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
    Eur J Neurosci 19:1963-8. 2004
    ..These findings indicate that express saccades are facilitated by a restricted set of conditions that increase the predictability of target location and identity...
  21. ncbi request reprint An examination of the variables that affect express saccade generation
    Peter H Schiller
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
    Vis Neurosci 21:119-27. 2004
    ..Express saccades continued to be generated when the vergence or pursuit systems was coactivated with the saccadic system...
  22. ncbi request reprint Are express saccades generated under natural viewing conditions?
    Peter H Schiller
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Eur J Neurosci 20:2467-73. 2004
    ..The findings suggest that while saccades that fall within the express range occur commonly under natural viewing conditions, bimodal distributions of saccadic latencies are obtainable only under laboratory conditions...
  23. ncbi request reprint What is the coordinate frame utilized for the generation of express saccades in monkeys?
    Peter H Schiller
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, E25 634, Cambridge, 02139, USA
    Exp Brain Res 167:178-86. 2005
    ....
  24. ncbi request reprint Neural mechanisms underlying target selection with saccadic eye movements
    Peter H Schiller
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, E25 634, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Prog Brain Res 149:157-71. 2005
    ....
  25. ncbi request reprint The Hermann grid illusion revisited
    Peter H Schiller
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Perception 34:1375-97. 2005
    ..This theory adequately handles many of the facts delineated in this paper...
  26. pmc Spatial frequency and orientation tuning dynamics in area V1
    James A Mazer
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:1645-50. 2002
    ..Although previous studies with anesthetized animals suggested that orientation tuning could change dramatically over time, we find no substantial evidence of dynamic changes in orientation tuning...
  27. ncbi request reprint Mapping cortical activity elicited with electrical microstimulation using FMRI in the macaque
    Andreas S Tolias
    Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Tuebingen 72076, Germany
    Neuron 48:901-11. 2005
    ..Consistent with this functional transynaptic spread we also obtained activation in expected projection sites in extrastriate visual areas, demonstrating the utility of our technique in uncovering in vivo functional connectivity maps...

Research Grants3

  1. PARALLEL INFORMATION PROCESSING OF THE VISUAL SYSTEM
    Peter Schiller; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The proposed work has important clinical relevance as it will serve characterize the functions of various visual cortical areas. ..
  2. NEURAL CONTROL OF VISUALLY GUIDED EYE MOVEMENTS
    Peter Schiller; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  3. The Role of Areas V1 and V2 in Target Selection
    Peter Schiller; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..