Morgan E Grams

Summary

Affiliation: Johns Hopkins University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Assessing risk in chronic kidney disease: a methodological review
    Morgan E Grams
    Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, 1830 East Monument Street, Suite 416, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Nat Rev Nephrol 9:18-25. 2013
  2. pmc Candidate Surrogate End Points for ESRD after AKI
    Morgan E Grams
    Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland Departments of Epidemiology and
    J Am Soc Nephrol 27:2851-9. 2016
  3. pmc Race, APOL1 Risk, and eGFR Decline in the General Population
    Morgan E Grams
    Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland and Department of Epidemiology and
    J Am Soc Nephrol 27:2842-50. 2016
  4. pmc Acute Kidney Injury After Major Surgery: A Retrospective Analysis of Veterans Health Administration Data
    Morgan E Grams
    Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Md Electronic address
    Am J Kidney Dis 67:872-80. 2016
  5. pmc Estimating time to ESRD using kidney failure risk equations: results from the African American Study of Kidney Disease and Hypertension (AASK)
    Morgan E Grams
    Division of Nephrology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md Electronic address
    Am J Kidney Dis 65:394-402. 2015
  6. pmc Identification of incident CKD stage 3 in research studies
    Morgan E Grams
    Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md Electronic address
    Am J Kidney Dis 64:214-21. 2014
  7. pmc Explaining the racial difference in AKI incidence
    Morgan E Grams
    Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland andDepartments of Epidemiology and
    J Am Soc Nephrol 25:1834-41. 2014
  8. pmc Cystatin C- and creatinine-based estimated glomerular filtration rate, vascular disease, and mortality in persons with diabetes in the U.S
    Ching Wei Tsai
    Corresponding author Morgan E Grams
    Diabetes Care 37:1002-8. 2014
  9. pmc Preemptive deceased donor kidney transplantation: considerations of equity and utility
    Morgan E Grams
    Departments of Medicine and Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 8:575-82. 2013
  10. pmc Lifetime incidence of CKD stages 3-5 in the United States
    Morgan E Grams
    Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 62:245-52. 2013

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications49

  1. doi request reprint Assessing risk in chronic kidney disease: a methodological review
    Morgan E Grams
    Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, 1830 East Monument Street, Suite 416, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Nat Rev Nephrol 9:18-25. 2013
    ..Finally, models of absolute risk prediction should be internally and externally validated as they typically generalize only to populations with similar baseline characteristics and rates of competing events...
  2. pmc Candidate Surrogate End Points for ESRD after AKI
    Morgan E Grams
    Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland Departments of Epidemiology and
    J Am Soc Nephrol 27:2851-9. 2016
    ..82). Risks for mortality were smaller but consistent in direction. A 30%-40% decline in eGFR after AKI could be a surrogate end point for ESRD in trials of AKI prevention and/or treatment, but additional trial evidence is needed. ..
  3. pmc Race, APOL1 Risk, and eGFR Decline in the General Population
    Morgan E Grams
    Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland and Department of Epidemiology and
    J Am Soc Nephrol 27:2842-50. 2016
    ..5-3.5) ml/min per 1.73 m(2) per year for blacks with APOL1 high-risk status. The high variability in eGFR decline among blacks with and without the APOL1 high-risk genotype suggests that population-based screening is not yet justified. ..
  4. pmc Acute Kidney Injury After Major Surgery: A Retrospective Analysis of Veterans Health Administration Data
    Morgan E Grams
    Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Md Electronic address
    Am J Kidney Dis 67:872-80. 2016
    ..The frequency of, risk factors for, and outcomes after AKI following other types of major surgery have not been well characterized and may present additional opportunities for trials in AKI...
  5. pmc Estimating time to ESRD using kidney failure risk equations: results from the African American Study of Kidney Disease and Hypertension (AASK)
    Morgan E Grams
    Division of Nephrology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md Electronic address
    Am J Kidney Dis 65:394-402. 2015
    ..The use of risk equations might enable more accurate estimation of time to end-stage renal disease (ESRD), thus improving patient care...
  6. pmc Identification of incident CKD stage 3 in research studies
    Morgan E Grams
    Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md Electronic address
    Am J Kidney Dis 64:214-21. 2014
    ..The objective of this study was to quantify loss to follow-up by CKD status and determine whether supplementation with diagnostic code data improves capture of incident CKD...
  7. pmc Explaining the racial difference in AKI incidence
    Morgan E Grams
    Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland andDepartments of Epidemiology and
    J Am Soc Nephrol 25:1834-41. 2014
    ..07; 95% CI, 0.69 to 1.65; P=0.77). In summary, the higher risk of AKI among African Americans may be related to disparities in socioeconomic status. ..
  8. pmc Cystatin C- and creatinine-based estimated glomerular filtration rate, vascular disease, and mortality in persons with diabetes in the U.S
    Ching Wei Tsai
    Corresponding author Morgan E Grams
    Diabetes Care 37:1002-8. 2014
    ..Whether eGFRcys is superior to eGFRcr in approximating true kidney function in a diabetic population requires additional study. ..
  9. pmc Preemptive deceased donor kidney transplantation: considerations of equity and utility
    Morgan E Grams
    Departments of Medicine and Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 8:575-82. 2013
    ..This study aimed to quantify and characterize preemptive deceased donor kidney transplant recipients and compare their outcomes with patients transplanted shortly after dialysis initiation...
  10. pmc Lifetime incidence of CKD stages 3-5 in the United States
    Morgan E Grams
    Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 62:245-52. 2013
    ..Lifetime risk estimates of chronic kidney disease (CKD) can motivate preventative behaviors at the individual level and forecast disease burden and health care use at the population level...
  11. pmc Trends in the prevalence of reduced GFR in the United States: a comparison of creatinine- and cystatin C-based estimates
    Morgan E Grams
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 62:253-60. 2013
    ..National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) cystatin C measurements recently were calibrated to the international standard, allowing for an independent test of the trend in prevalence of reduced eGFR using cystatin C level...
  12. pmc Trends in the inactive kidney transplant waitlist and implications for candidate survival
    M E Grams
    Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Am J Transplant 13:1012-8. 2013
    ..Using the full waitlist to estimate organ shortage or as a comparison group in transplant outcome studies is less appropriate in the current era...
  13. pmc Vascular disease, ESRD, and death: interpreting competing risk analyses
    Morgan E Grams
    Departments of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 7:1606-14. 2012
    ..Vascular disease, a common condition in CKD, is a risk factor for mortality and ESRD. Optimal patient care requires accurate estimation and ordering of these competing risks...
  14. pmc Fluid balance, diuretic use, and mortality in acute kidney injury
    Morgan E Grams
    Department of Medicine, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 6:966-73. 2011
    ..The primary objective was to elucidate the association between fluid balance, diuretic use, and short-term mortality after AKI in critically ill patients...
  15. pmc Relationship of the American Heart Association's Impact Goals (Life's Simple 7) With Risk of Chronic Kidney Disease: Results From the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Cohort Study
    Casey M Rebholz
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD
    J Am Heart Assoc 5:e003192. 2016
    ..The relationship between the Life's Simple 7 metric and incident chronic kidney disease (CKD) is unknown...
  16. pmc Hemostatic Factors, APOL1 Risk Variants, and the Risk of ESRD in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study
    Adrienne Tin
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland
    Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 10:784-90. 2015
    ..The presence of APOL1 renal risk variants, common in African Americans, might partly underlie this risk difference...
  17. pmc Recipient age and time spent hospitalized in the year before and after kidney transplantation
    Morgan E Grams
    Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Transplantation 94:750-6. 2012
    ..We estimate the relative increase in time spent hospitalized in the year post-KT for older versus younger end-stage renal disease patients...
  18. pmc Candidacy for kidney transplantation of older adults
    Morgan E Grams
    Departments of Medicine, School of Medicine, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 60:1-7. 2012
    ..To develop a prediction model for kidney transplantation (KT) outcomes specific to older adults with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and to use this model to estimate the number of excellent older KT candidates who lack access to KT...
  19. pmc Kidney Function and Fracture Risk: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study
    Natalie R Daya
    Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD
    Am J Kidney Dis 67:218-26. 2016
    ..Less is known about fracture risk in milder chronic kidney disease and whether chronic kidney disease-associated fracture risk varies by sex or assessment with alternative kidney markers...
  20. pmc Biomarkers of Vitamin D Status and Risk of ESRD
    Casey M Rebholz
    Department of Epidemiology and Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Md Electronic address
    Am J Kidney Dis 67:235-42. 2016
    ..However, the prospective associations between circulating levels of vitamin D binding protein, vitamin D, and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) have not been extensively evaluated in epidemiologic studies...
  21. doi request reprint Serum Potassium, Mortality, and Kidney Outcomes in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study
    Yan Chen
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD
    Mayo Clin Proc 91:1403-1412. 2016
    ..To investigate the association between serum potassium, mortality, and kidney outcomes in the general population and whether potassium-altering medications modify these associations...
  22. pmc Potential effects of reclassifying CKD as a coronary heart disease risk equivalent in the US population
    Meredith C Foster
    Department of Epidemiology and the Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD
    Am J Kidney Dis 63:753-60. 2014
    ..We examined potential effects of modified guidelines in which CKD was considered a "coronary heart disease (CHD) risk equivalent" for risk stratification...
  23. pmc Change in Multiple Filtration Markers and Subsequent Risk of Cardiovascular Disease and Mortality
    Casey M Rebholz
    Department of Epidemiology and Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland
    Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 10:941-8. 2015
    ..This study aimed to evaluate whether changes in multiple filtration markers, individually and combined, were associated with cardiovascular disease and death...
  24. pmc Albuminuria and estimated glomerular filtration rate independently associate with acute kidney injury
    Morgan E Grams
    Department of Medicine, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    J Am Soc Nephrol 21:1757-64. 2010
    ..Patterns persisted within subgroups of age, race, and gender. In summary, albuminuria and eGFR have strong, independent associations with incident AKI...
  25. pmc Proton Pump Inhibitor Use and the Risk of Chronic Kidney Disease
    Benjamin Lazarus
    Department of Epidemiology, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland2Department of Medicine, Royal Brisbane and Women s Hospital, Brisbane, Australia
    JAMA Intern Med 176:238-46. 2016
    ..Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are among the most commonly used drugs worldwide and have been linked to acute interstitial nephritis. Less is known about the association between PPI use and chronic kidney disease (CKD)...
  26. pmc Iterative Outlier Removal: A Method for Identifying Outliers in Laboratory Recalibration Studies
    Christina M Parrinello
    Department of Epidemiology and the Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD
    Clin Chem 62:966-72. 2016
    ..We present an approach termed iterative outlier removal (IOR) for identifying such outliers...
  27. pmc DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) Diet and Risk of Subsequent Kidney Disease
    Casey M Rebholz
    Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research, Baltimore, MD Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Md Electronic address
    Am J Kidney Dis 68:853-861. 2016
    ..There are established guidelines for recommended dietary intake for hypertension treatment and cardiovascular disease prevention. Evidence is lacking for effective dietary patterns for kidney disease prevention...
  28. pmc Antihypertensive Medications and the Prevalence of Hyperkalemia in a Large Health System
    Alex R Chang
    From the Division of Nephrology, Geisinger Health System, Danville, PA A R C, J L, T Y Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD Y S, K M, S H B, J C, M E G Geisinger Health System, Biomedical and Translational Informatics, Danville, PA H L K Division of Nephrology, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, MA L A I and Division of Nephrology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD M E G
    Hypertension 67:1181-8. 2016
    ..1% and 49.6% of people taking these medications, respectively. In conclusion, hyperkalemia is common. Future research may enable optimal renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitor use with improved management of hyperkalemia. ..
  29. pmc Recalibration of blood analytes over 25 years in the atherosclerosis risk in communities study: impact of recalibration on chronic kidney disease prevalence and incidence
    Christina M Parrinello
    Department of Epidemiology and the Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD
    Clin Chem 61:938-47. 2015
    ..Equivalence of laboratory tests over time is important for longitudinal studies. Even a small systematic difference (bias) can result in substantial misclassification...
  30. pmc Serum fibroblast growth factor-23 is associated with incident kidney disease
    Casey M Rebholz
    Department of Epidemiology and Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland
    J Am Soc Nephrol 26:192-200. 2015
    ....
  31. pmc Patterns of Kidney Function Decline Associated with APOL1 Genotypes: Results from AASK
    Adrienne Tin
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland
    Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 11:1353-9. 2016
    ..Only a subset of patients with CKD experiences a steady decline in eGFR. The objective of our study was to investigate whether eGFR trajectory patterns differ by APOL1 risk status...
  32. pmc Kidney Failure and ESRD in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study: Comparing Ascertainment of Treated and Untreated Kidney Failure in a Cohort Study
    Casey M Rebholz
    Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md Electronic address
    Am J Kidney Dis 66:231-9. 2015
    ..It compares kidney failure risk factors and outcomes using this broader definition with USRDS-identified ESRD risk factors and outcomes...
  33. pmc Association of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T and natriuretic peptide with incident ESRD: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study
    Yuhree Kim
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD
    Am J Kidney Dis 65:550-8. 2015
    ..We investigated the associations of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) risk in a community-based cohort...
  34. pmc Association of plasma levels of soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products and risk of kidney disease: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study
    Casey M Rebholz
    Department of Epidemiology and Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Nephrol Dial Transplant 30:77-83. 2015
    ..We examined the association between the soluble form of receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE) and kidney disease...
  35. pmc Association of race and age with survival among patients undergoing dialysis
    Lauren M Kucirka
    Department of Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    JAMA 306:620-6. 2011
    ..We hypothesized that age and the competing risk of transplantation modify survival differences by race...
  36. pmc Trends in the timing of pre-emptive kidney transplantation
    Morgan E Grams
    Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Am Soc Nephrol 22:1615-20. 2011
    ....
  37. pmc Frailty, Kidney Function, and Polypharmacy: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study
    Shoshana H Ballew
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Md Electronic address
    Am J Kidney Dis 69:228-236. 2017
    ..Kidney function is often compromised in frailty and is a key consideration in medication choice and dosing; however, creatinine-based measures of kidney function may be biased in frail individuals...
  38. pmc Carotid Intima-Media Thickness and Incident ESRD: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study
    Yuanjie Pang
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland
    Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 11:1197-205. 2016
    ..Carotid intima-media thickness has been reported to predict kidney function decline. However, whether carotid intima-media thickness is associated with a hard kidney end point, ESRD, has not been investigated...
  39. pmc Racial Differences in and Prognostic Value of Biomarkers of Hyperglycemia
    Christina M Parrinello
    Department of Epidemiology and the Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD
    Diabetes Care 39:589-95. 2016
    ....
  40. pmc A Meta-analysis of the Association of Estimated GFR, Albuminuria, Age, Race, and Sex With Acute Kidney Injury
    Morgan E Grams
    Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD
    Am J Kidney Dis 66:591-601. 2015
    ..We aimed to quantify the risk of AKI associated with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), albuminuria (albumin-creatinine ratio [ACR]), age, sex, and race (African American and white)...
  41. pmc High dietary phosphorus intake is associated with all-cause mortality: results from NHANES III
    Alex R Chang
    Division of Nephrology, Geisinger Health System, Danville, PA ARC the Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research ARC, ML, LJA, and MEG and Divisions of Nephrology ARC and MEG and General Internal Medicine LJA, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD and the Division of Nephrology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL OMG
    Am J Clin Nutr 99:320-7. 2014
    ..Elevated serum phosphorus is associated with all-cause mortality, but little is known about risk associated with dietary phosphorus intake...
  42. pmc Change in novel filtration markers and risk of ESRD
    Casey M Rebholz
    Department of Epidemiology and Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Md Electronic address
    Am J Kidney Dis 66:47-54. 2015
    ..However, it is unclear whether change in novel filtration marker levels provides additional information for ESRD risk to change in eGFRcr...
  43. pmc Results from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study suggest that low serum magnesium is associated with incident kidney disease
    Adrienne Tin
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Kidney Int 87:820-7. 2015
    ..Further studies are needed to determine whether modification of serum magnesium levels might alter subsequent incident kidney disease rates. ..
  44. pmc Association between Mitochondrial DNA Copy Number in Peripheral Blood and Incident CKD in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study
    Adrienne Tin
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland
    J Am Soc Nephrol 27:2467-73. 2016
    ..Further research on modifiable factors influencing mtDNA copy number may lead to improvement in the prevention and treatment of CKD. ..
  45. pmc Dietary Acid Load and Incident Chronic Kidney Disease: Results from the ARIC Study
    Casey M Rebholz
    Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Am J Nephrol 42:427-35. 2015
    ..However, the relationship between dietary acid load and incident CKD has not been evaluated...
  46. pmc Longitudinal changes in hematocrit in hypertensive chronic kidney disease: results from the African-American Study of Kidney Disease and Hypertension (AASK)
    Teresa K Chen
    Division of Nephrology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Nephrol Dial Transplant 30:1329-35. 2015
    ..The aim of this study was to determine how hematocrit changes as eGFR declines and what factors impact this longitudinal association...
  47. pmc Performance and limitations of administrative data in the identification of AKI
    Morgan E Grams
    Division of Nephrology and, Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, Renal Division, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland
    Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 9:682-9. 2014
    ..The goals of this study were to validate billing code-identified AKI against the current AKI consensus definition and to ascertain whether sensitivity and specificity vary by patient characteristic or over time...
  48. pmc CKD and Risk for Hospitalization With Infection: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study
    Junichi Ishigami
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD
    Am J Kidney Dis . 2016
    ..Individuals on dialysis therapy have a high risk for infection, but risk for infection in earlier stages of chronic kidney disease has not been comprehensively described...
  49. pmc Troponin I and NT-proBNP and the association of systolic blood pressure with outcomes in incident hemodialysis patients: the Choices for Healthy Outcomes in Caring for ESRD (CHOICE) Study
    Tariq Shafi
    Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Md Electronic address
    Am J Kidney Dis 64:443-51. 2014
    ....