W C Willett

Summary

Affiliation: Harvard University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Carbohydrate intake, glycemic index, glycemic load, and dietary fiber in relation to risk of stroke in women
    Kyungwon Oh
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 161:161-9. 2005
  2. ncbi request reprint Adherence to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans and risk of major chronic disease in men
    M L McCullough
    Departments of Nutrition, Epidemiology, and Biostatistics, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 72:1223-31. 2000
  3. ncbi request reprint Dietary carotenoids and vitamins A, C, and E and risk of breast cancer
    S Zhang
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 91:547-56. 1999
  4. ncbi request reprint A prospective study of body mass index, weight change, and risk of stroke in women
    K M Rexrode
    Division of Preventive Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    JAMA 277:1539-45. 1997
  5. ncbi request reprint Dietary fat and protein in relation to risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma among women
    S Zhang
    Department of Nutrition and Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 91:1751-8. 1999
  6. ncbi request reprint A prospective study of carotenoid intake and risk of cataract extraction in US men
    L Brown
    Departments of Epidemiology, Nutrition, and Biostatistics, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 70:517-24. 1999
  7. ncbi request reprint Dietary fiber, glycemic load, and risk of NIDDM in men
    J Salmeron
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Diabetes Care 20:545-50. 1997
  8. ncbi request reprint Moderate alcohol consumption and risk of coronary heart disease among women with type 2 diabetes mellitus
    C G Solomon
    Division of Women s Health, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Circulation 102:494-9. 2000
  9. ncbi request reprint Physical activity and benign prostatic hyperplasia
    E A Platz
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
    Arch Intern Med 158:2349-56. 1998
  10. ncbi request reprint Folate and vitamin B6 from diet and supplements in relation to risk of coronary heart disease among women
    E B Rimm
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
    JAMA 279:359-64. 1998

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications251 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi request reprint Carbohydrate intake, glycemic index, glycemic load, and dietary fiber in relation to risk of stroke in women
    Kyungwon Oh
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 161:161-9. 2005
    ..In addition, high consumption of cereal fiber was associated with lower risk of total and hemorrhagic stroke...
  2. ncbi request reprint Adherence to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans and risk of major chronic disease in men
    M L McCullough
    Departments of Nutrition, Epidemiology, and Biostatistics, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 72:1223-31. 2000
    ..The healthy eating index (HEI) measures the concordance of dietary patterns with these guidelines...
  3. ncbi request reprint Dietary carotenoids and vitamins A, C, and E and risk of breast cancer
    S Zhang
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 91:547-56. 1999
    ..Furthermore, studies of vitamins A, C, and E in relation to breast cancer risk are inconclusive. We have conducted a large, prospective study to evaluate long-term intakes of these nutrients and breast cancer risk...
  4. ncbi request reprint A prospective study of body mass index, weight change, and risk of stroke in women
    K M Rexrode
    Division of Preventive Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    JAMA 277:1539-45. 1997
    ..To examine the associations of body mass index (BMI) and weight change with risk of stroke in women...
  5. ncbi request reprint Dietary fat and protein in relation to risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma among women
    S Zhang
    Department of Nutrition and Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 91:1751-8. 1999
    ..In this study, we examined the intake of specific types of dietary fat and protein in relation to the risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma...
  6. ncbi request reprint A prospective study of carotenoid intake and risk of cataract extraction in US men
    L Brown
    Departments of Epidemiology, Nutrition, and Biostatistics, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 70:517-24. 1999
    ..However, prospective epidemiologic data concerning this phenomenon are limited...
  7. ncbi request reprint Dietary fiber, glycemic load, and risk of NIDDM in men
    J Salmeron
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Diabetes Care 20:545-50. 1997
    ..Intake of carbohydrates that provide a large glycemic response has been hypothesized to increase the risk of NIDDM, whereas dietary fiber is suspected to reduce incidence. These hypotheses have not been evaluated prospectively...
  8. ncbi request reprint Moderate alcohol consumption and risk of coronary heart disease among women with type 2 diabetes mellitus
    C G Solomon
    Division of Women s Health, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Circulation 102:494-9. 2000
    ..We assessed prospectively the association between moderate alcohol intake and CHD risk in women with type 2 diabetes mellitus, a group at high risk for cardiovascular disease...
  9. ncbi request reprint Physical activity and benign prostatic hyperplasia
    E A Platz
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
    Arch Intern Med 158:2349-56. 1998
    ..Therefore, we assessed whether physical activity leads to fewer lower urinary tract symptoms in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study...
  10. ncbi request reprint Folate and vitamin B6 from diet and supplements in relation to risk of coronary heart disease among women
    E B Rimm
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
    JAMA 279:359-64. 1998
    ..Hyperhomocysteinemia is caused by genetic and lifestyle influences, including low intakes of folate and vitamin B6. However, prospective data relating intake of these vitamins to risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) are not available...
  11. ncbi request reprint Fruit and vegetable intake and risk of cardiovascular disease: the Women's Health Study
    S Liu
    Division of Preventive Medicine and Channing Laboratory, The Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 72:922-8. 2000
    ..Prospective data relating fruit and vegetable intake to cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk are sparse, particularly for women...
  12. ncbi request reprint Vitamin supplement use and the risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma among women and men
    S M Zhang
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 153:1056-63. 2001
    ..Because an elevated risk among multivitamin users was not observed consistently in the two cohorts and the pooled data were not significant, the elevated risk among women may be the result of chance...
  13. ncbi request reprint A prospective study of folate intake and the risk of breast cancer
    S Zhang
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass, USA
    JAMA 281:1632-7. 1999
    ..Folate is involved in DNA synthesis and methylation and may reduce breast cancer risk, particularly among women with greater alcohol consumption...
  14. ncbi request reprint A prospective study of dietary glycemic load, carbohydrate intake, and risk of coronary heart disease in US women
    S Liu
    Departments of Epidemiology and Nutrition, The Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 71:1455-61. 2000
    ..Little is known about the effects of the amount and type of carbohydrates on risk of coronary heart disease (CHD)...
  15. ncbi request reprint Birth weight and adult hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and obesity in US men
    G C Curhan
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Circulation 94:3246-50. 1996
    ..Further study of these diseases in a large cohort with information on a wide variety of risk factors is essential to determine more precisely the risks associated with birth weight...
  16. pmc Birth weight and risk of cardiovascular disease in a cohort of women followed up since 1976
    J W Rich-Edwards
    Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
    BMJ 315:396-400. 1997
    ..To examine the association between birth weight and non-fatal adult cardiovascular disease while controlling for potential confounders such as socioeconomic group and adult lifestyle...
  17. ncbi request reprint Intakes of carotenoids, vitamin C, and vitamin E and MS risk among two large cohorts of women
    S M Zhang
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Neurology 57:75-80. 2001
    ..Antioxidant nutrients may reduce the risk of MS. In a recent case-control study, vitamin C intake was significantly inversely associated with MS risk among women. However, no prospective data are available...
  18. ncbi request reprint Intake of fruits and vegetables and risk of breast cancer: a pooled analysis of cohort studies
    S A Smith-Warner
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    JAMA 285:769-76. 2001
    ..CONCLUSION: These results suggest that fruit and vegetable consumption during adulthood is not significantly associated with reduced breast cancer risk...
  19. ncbi request reprint Diet, lifestyle, and the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in women
    F B Hu
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 345:790-7. 2001
    ..Previous studies have examined individual dietary and lifestyle factors in relation to type 2 diabetes, but the combined effects of these factors are largely unknown...
  20. pmc A prospective study of whole-grain intake and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in US women
    S Liu
    Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA
    Am J Public Health 90:1409-15. 2000
    ..This study examined the association between intake of whole vs refined grain and the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus...
  21. ncbi request reprint Trends in the incidence of coronary heart disease and changes in diet and lifestyle in women
    F B Hu
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 343:530-7. 2000
    ..However, the effects of changes in diet and lifestyle on trends in coronary disease are largely unknown...
  22. ncbi request reprint A prospective study of egg consumption and risk of cardiovascular disease in men and women
    F B Hu
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
    JAMA 281:1387-94. 1999
    ..Reduction in egg consumption has been widely recommended to lower blood cholesterol levels and prevent coronary heart disease (CHD). Epidemiologic studies on egg consumption and risk of CHD are sparse...
  23. ncbi request reprint Smoking and risk of total and fatal prostate cancer in United States health professionals
    E Giovannucci
    Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 8:277-82. 1999
    ..Our results indicate that although smoking was unrelated to prostate cancer incidence, recent tobacco use had a substantial impact on the occurrence of fatal prostate cancer...
  24. ncbi request reprint Fruit and vegetable intake in relation to risk of ischemic stroke
    K J Joshipura
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass, USA
    JAMA 282:1233-9. 1999
    ..Few studies have evaluated the relationship between fruit and vegetable intake and cardiovascular disease...
  25. ncbi request reprint Prospective study of fruit and vegetable consumption and risk of lung cancer among men and women
    D Feskanich
    Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 92:1812-23. 2000
    ..beta-Carotene was hypothesized to be largely responsible for the apparent protective effect, but this hypothesis was not supported by clinical trials...
  26. ncbi request reprint Physical activity and risk for cardiovascular events in diabetic women
    F B Hu
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Ann Intern Med 134:96-105. 2001
    ..Increased physical activity has been associated with reduced risk for cardiovascular disease in the general population, but data are limited on its role among persons with type 2 diabetes mellitus...
  27. ncbi request reprint Being breastfed in infancy and breast cancer incidence in adult life: results from the two nurses' health studies
    K B Michels
    Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 153:275-83. 2001
    ..11 (95% CI: 0.88, 1.39) for women who were breastfed compared with those who were not. Data from these two large cohorts do not support the hypothesis that being breastfed confers protection against subsequent breast cancer...
  28. ncbi request reprint Dietary saturated fats and their food sources in relation to the risk of coronary heart disease in women
    F B Hu
    Departments of Nutrition and Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA Hospital
    Am J Clin Nutr 70:1001-8. 1999
    ..Metabolic studies suggest that saturated fatty acids differ in their effects on blood lipids...
  29. ncbi request reprint Coffee and alcohol consumption and the risk of pancreatic cancer in two prospective United States cohorts
    D S Michaud
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 10:429-37. 2001
    ..Data from these two large cohorts do not support any overall association between coffee intake or alcohol intake and risk of pancreatic cancer...
  30. ncbi request reprint Prospective study of cataract extraction and risk of coronary heart disease in women
    F B Hu
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 153:875-81. 2001
    ..84, 95% CI: 1.29, 2.64). These findings are compatible with current hypotheses relating oxidative damage and tissue aging to the development of cataract and CHD...
  31. ncbi request reprint Dietary glycemic load assessed by food-frequency questionnaire in relation to plasma high-density-lipoprotein cholesterol and fasting plasma triacylglycerols in postmenopausal women
    S Liu
    Division of Preventive Medicine and the Channing Laboratory, The Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 73:560-6. 2001
    ..In epidemiologic studies, dietary glycemic load (GL) is positively associated with risk of coronary artery disease and type 2 diabetes...
  32. ncbi request reprint N-acetyl transferase 2 genotypes, meat intake and breast cancer risk
    D M Gertig
    Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    Int J Cancer 80:13-7. 1999
    ..We observed no evidence of differential susceptibility to these exposures by NAT2 genotype...
  33. ncbi request reprint Intake of vitamins B6 and C and the risk of kidney stones in women
    G C Curhan
    Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    J Am Soc Nephrol 10:840-5. 1999
    ..06 (95% confidence interval, 0.69 to 1.64). Large doses of vitamin B6 may reduce the risk of kidney stone formation in women. Routine restriction of vitamin C to prevent stone formation appears unwarranted...
  34. ncbi request reprint Recreational physical activity and the risk of cholecystectomy in women
    M F Leitzmann
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 341:777-84. 1999
    ..Physical activity may be an important determinant of the risk of gallstone disease in women, both independently and as a result of its role in maintaining body weight...
  35. ncbi request reprint A prospective study of risk factors for pulmonary embolism in women
    S Z Goldhaber
    Channing Laboratory, Boston, Mass, USA
    JAMA 277:642-5. 1997
    ..To investigate risk factors for pulmonary embolism in women...
  36. ncbi request reprint A prospective study of coffee consumption and the risk of symptomatic gallstone disease in men
    M F Leitzmann
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
    JAMA 281:2106-12. 1999
    ..Coffee has several metabolic effects that could reduce the risk of gallstone formation...
  37. ncbi request reprint Risk of ovarian carcinoma and consumption of vitamins A, C, and E and specific carotenoids: a prospective analysis
    K M Fairfield
    Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 181 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Cancer 92:2318-26. 2001
    ..Antioxidant vitamins may decrease risk of cancer by limiting oxidative DNA damage leading to cancer initiation. Few prospective studies have assessed relations between antioxidant vitamins and ovarian carcinoma...
  38. ncbi request reprint A prospective study of walking as compared with vigorous exercise in the prevention of coronary heart disease in women
    J E Manson
    Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 341:650-8. 1999
    ..The role of walking, as compared with vigorous exercise, in the prevention of coronary heart disease remains controversial, and data for women on this topic are sparse...
  39. pmc Frequent nut consumption and risk of coronary heart disease in women: prospective cohort study
    F B Hu
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    BMJ 317:1341-5. 1998
    ..To examine the relation between nut consumption and risk of coronary heart disease in a cohort of women from the Nurses' Health Study...
  40. ncbi request reprint Prospective study of fat and protein intake and risk of intraparenchymal hemorrhage in women
    H Iso
    Channing Laboratory, Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Circulation 103:856-63. 2001
    ..The increased risk with low intake of saturated fat and trans unsaturated fat is compatible with the reported association between low serum total cholesterol and risk...
  41. ncbi request reprint Whole-grain consumption and risk of coronary heart disease: results from the Nurses' Health Study
    S Liu
    Division of Preventive Medicine and Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 70:412-9. 1999
    ..Although current dietary guidelines for Americans recommend increased intake of grain products to prevent coronary heart disease (CHD), epidemiologic data relating whole-grain intake to the risk of CHD are sparse...
  42. ncbi request reprint Changes in caffeine intake and long-term weight change in men and women
    Esther Lopez-Garcia
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Cambridge, MA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 83:674-80. 2006
    ..The long-term effects of caffeine intake on weight have not been examined prospectively...
  43. ncbi request reprint Long-term intake of vitamins and carotenoids and odds of early age-related cortical and posterior subcapsular lens opacities
    Allen Taylor
    Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 75:540-9. 2002
    ..Proper nutrition appears to protect against cataracts. Few studies have related nutrition to the odds of developing cortical or posterior subcapsular (PSC) cataracts...
  44. ncbi request reprint Fruit and vegetable intake and risk of major chronic disease
    Hsin Chia Hung
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 96:1577-84. 2004
    ..We evaluated the relationship between fruit and vegetable intake and the incidence of cardiovascular disease and cancer and of deaths from other causes in two prospective cohorts...
  45. ncbi request reprint Birth weight and adult hypertension and obesity in women
    G C Curhan
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Circulation 94:1310-5. 1996
    ..Low birth weight has been associated with an increased risk of hypertension, and high birth weight has been associated with increased adult body mass index. Published studies on adults have included only a small number of women...
  46. ncbi request reprint Racial variation in prostate cancer incidence and in hormonal system markers among male health professionals
    E A Platz
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 92:2009-17. 2000
    ..Whether differences in the distribution of known or suspected risk factors among racial groups explain this variation is unknown...
  47. ncbi request reprint Prospective study of dietary fat and the risk of age-related macular degeneration
    E Cho
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 73:209-18. 2001
    ..The relation between intakes of total fat and specific types of fat and age-related macular degeneration (AMD) remains unclear...
  48. ncbi request reprint Fluid intake and the risk of bladder cancer in men
    D S Michaud
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 340:1390-7. 1999
    ..The data on fluid intake in relation to the risk of bladder cancer are inconclusive...
  49. ncbi request reprint Blood donations and risk of coronary heart disease in men
    A Ascherio
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Circulation 103:52-7. 2001
    ..In experimental animals, iron overload appears to promote atherosclerosis and ischemic myocardial damage, but the results of epidemiological studies that relate iron stores to risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) have been inconsistent...
  50. ncbi request reprint Snoring and risk of cardiovascular disease in women
    F B Hu
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 35:308-13. 2000
    ..To examine prospectively the association between snoring and incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in women...
  51. ncbi request reprint Physical activity and television watching in relation to risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus in men
    F B Hu
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Arch Intern Med 161:1542-8. 2001
    ..Television (TV) watching, a major sedentary behavior in the United States, has been associated with obesity. We hypothesized that prolonged TV watching may increase risk for type 2 diabetes...
  52. ncbi request reprint Long-term nutrient intake and early age-related nuclear lens opacities
    P F Jacques
    Laboratory for Nutrition and Vision, Jean Mayer US Department of Agriculture Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University, 711 Washington St, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 119:1009-19. 2001
    ..CONCLUSION: These results provide additional evidence that antioxidant nutrients play a role in the prevention of age-related nuclear lens opacities...
  53. ncbi request reprint Prospective study of dietary fat and risk of cataract extraction among US women
    Minyi Lu
    Nutritional Epidemiology Program, Jean Mayer US Department of Agriculture Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 161:948-59. 2005
    ..89, 95% CI: 0.81, 0.98; p(trend) = 0.01). The authors' findings suggest that higher intake of long-chain omega-3 fatty acid (eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid) and consumption of fish may modestly reduce the risk of cataract...
  54. ncbi request reprint Prospective study of major dietary patterns and stroke risk in women
    Teresa T Fung
    Department of Nutrition, Simmons College, 300 The Fenway, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Stroke 35:2014-9. 2004
    ..Many foods have been suggested to influence the risk of stroke. However, no previous studies have examined the relationship between overall dietary patterns and risk of stroke...
  55. ncbi request reprint Vitamins and carotenoids intake and the risk of basal cell carcinoma of the skin in women (United States)
    Teresa T Fung
    Department of Nutrition, Simmons College, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 13:221-30. 2002
    ..We examined prospectively intakes of vitamins A. C, and E, folate, and specific carotenoids in relation to the risk of basal cell carcinoma of the skin (BCC) in women...
  56. pmc Magnesium intake, plasma C-peptide, and colorectal cancer incidence in US women: a 28-year follow-up study
    X Zhang
    Department of Medicine, Channing Laboratory, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, 401 Park Drive, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Br J Cancer 106:1335-41. 2012
    ..Laboratory studies suggest a possible role of magnesium intake in colorectal carcinogenesis but epidemiological evidence is inconclusive...
  57. ncbi request reprint Prospective study of zinc intake and the risk of age-related macular degeneration
    E Cho
    Departments of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 11:328-36. 2001
    ..Zinc is found in high concentrations in the retina and is hypothesized to reduce the risk of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Any long-term benefit associated with dietary zinc intake has not been evaluated...
  58. ncbi request reprint Association between dietary patterns and plasma biomarkers of obesity and cardiovascular disease risk
    T T Fung
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 73:61-7. 2001
    ..Although the effects of individual foods or nutrients on the development of diseases and their risk factors have been investigated in many studies, little attention has been given to the effect of overall dietary patterns...
  59. pmc Oral contraceptive use and risk of melanoma in premenopausal women
    D Feskanich
    Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Br J Cancer 81:918-23. 1999
    ..Further research is needed to determine whether low-dose oestrogen pills in particular are associated with an increase in risk and to describe possible interactions between OC use and sun exposure or other risk factors for melanoma...
  60. ncbi request reprint Racial variation in insulin-like growth factor-1 and binding protein-3 concentrations in middle-aged men
    E A Platz
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 8:1107-10. 1999
    ..Although differences in circulating IGF-1 do not seem to account for the greater prostate cancer risk among African-American men, their absolute lower levels of IGFBP-3 may be contributory...
  61. ncbi request reprint Relation of consumption of vitamin E, vitamin C, and carotenoids to risk for stroke among men in the United States
    A Ascherio
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Ann Intern Med 130:963-70. 1999
    ..Antioxidants increase the resistance of low-density lipoprotein to oxidation and may thereby reduce risk for atherosclerosis...
  62. ncbi request reprint A prospective study of N-acetyltransferase genotype, red meat intake, and risk of colorectal cancer
    J Chen
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Cancer Res 58:3307-11. 1998
    ..02). These prospective data, which need to be confirmed in other studies, suggest that polymorphisms in the NAT genes confer differential susceptibility to the effect of red meat consumption on colorectal cancer risk...
  63. ncbi request reprint Walking compared with vigorous physical activity and risk of type 2 diabetes in women: a prospective study
    F B Hu
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
    JAMA 282:1433-9. 1999
    ..Although many studies suggest that physical activity may reduce risk of type 2 diabetes, the role of moderate-intensity activity such as walking is not well understood...
  64. ncbi request reprint Physical activity and breast cancer risk in a cohort of young women
    B Rockhill
    Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 90:1155-60. 1998
    ..Increased physical activity has been hypothesized to be a means of breast cancer prevention. We examined the associations between physical activity at two different times in life and breast cancer risk...
  65. ncbi request reprint Dietary intake of alpha-linolenic acid and risk of fatal ischemic heart disease among women
    F B Hu
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 69:890-7. 1999
    ..Experimental studies in laboratory animals and humans suggest that alpha-linolenic acid (18:3n-3) may reduce the risk of arrhythmia...
  66. pmc Sweetened beverage consumption and risk of coronary heart disease in women
    Teresa T Fung
    Department of Nutrition, Simmons College, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1037-42. 2009
    ..Previous studies have linked full-calorie sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) with greater weight gain and an increased risk of type 2 diabetes...
  67. ncbi request reprint Preconception homocysteine and B vitamin status and birth outcomes in Chinese women
    Alayne G Ronnenberg
    Departments of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:1385-91. 2002
    ..The associations between homocysteine, B vitamin status, and pregnancy outcomes have not been examined prospectively...
  68. ncbi request reprint Dietary fat and meat intake in relation to risk of type 2 diabetes in men
    Rob M van Dam
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Diabetes Care 25:417-24. 2002
    ..To examine dietary fat and meat intake in relation to risk of type 2 diabetes...
  69. ncbi request reprint The impact of diabetes mellitus on mortality from all causes and coronary heart disease in women: 20 years of follow-up
    F B Hu
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Arch Intern Med 161:1717-23. 2001
    ..Few data are available on the long-term impact of type 2 diabetes mellitus on total mortality and fatal coronary heart disease (CHD) in women...
  70. ncbi request reprint Dietary protein and risk of ischemic heart disease in women
    F B Hu
    Departments of Nutrition and Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 70:221-7. 1999
    ..Prospective data on the relation of protein intake to risk of ischemic heart disease are sparse...
  71. ncbi request reprint Dietary fat intake and risk of type 2 diabetes in women
    J Salmeron
    Departments of Nutrition and Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston 02115, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 73:1019-26. 2001
    ..The long-term relations between specific types of dietary fat and risk of type 2 diabetes remain unclear...
  72. ncbi request reprint A prospective study of passive smoking and coronary heart disease
    I Kawachi
    Channing Laboratory, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Circulation 95:2374-9. 1997
    ..Additionally, several studies have been unable to control for the full range of potential confounding factors. We examined prospectively the relationship of passive smoking with risk of CHD in a cohort of women...
  73. ncbi request reprint Intakes of fruits, vegetables, and related nutrients and the risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma among women
    S M Zhang
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 9:477-85. 2000
    ..Higher intake of vegetables, particularly cruciferous vegetables, may reduce the risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma among women...
  74. ncbi request reprint Prospective study of alcohol consumption and the risk of age-related macular degeneration
    E Cho
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 118:681-8. 2000
    ..To describe the relationship between alcohol consumption and the incidence of age-related macular degeneration (AMD)...
  75. ncbi request reprint A prospective study of oral contraceptives and NIDDM among U.S. women
    L Chasan-Taber
    Channing Laboratory, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Diabetes Care 20:330-5. 1997
    ..To examine prospectively the association between modern oral contraceptives with low doses of estrogen and progestin and subsequent incidence of NIDDM...
  76. pmc Lack of association between dietary protein intake and risk of stroke among middle-aged men
    Sarah Rosner Preis
    Departments of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:39-45. 2010
    ..Prospective cohort studies in Japanese populations have shown an inverse association between dietary protein and stroke risk. However, this association has not been examined among any study populations of US men...
  77. ncbi request reprint Carbohydrate intake and glycemic index in relation to the odds of early cortical and nuclear lens opacities
    Chung Jung Chiu
    Jean Mayer US Department of Agriculture Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 81:1411-6. 2005
    ..Animal studies suggest a role for dietary carbohydrate in cataractogenesis. However, few published human studies have evaluated associations between carbohydrate nutrition and lens opacification...
  78. ncbi request reprint Folate, vitamin B6, and B12 intakes in relation to risk of stroke among men
    Ka He
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass, USA
    Stroke 35:169-74. 2004
    ..However, the effects of intakes of these vitamins on risk of stroke are still uncertain. This study examines intakes of folate, vitamin B6, and B12 in relation to risk of ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke...
  79. ncbi request reprint The association between magnesium intake and fasting insulin concentration in healthy middle-aged women
    Teresa T Fung
    Department of Nutrition, Simmons College, 300 The Fenway, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 22:533-8. 2003
    ..We assessed the association between magnesium intake and fasting insulin levels in a large cohort of women...
  80. ncbi request reprint Body iron stores and their determinants in healthy postmenopausal US women
    Jian meng Liu
    Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, 181 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:1160-7. 2003
    ..Data on the determinants of body iron stores in middle-aged women are sparse...
  81. pmc Physical activity in relation to long-term weight maintenance after intentional weight loss in premenopausal women
    Rania A Mekary
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 18:167-74. 2010
    ..Increased PA, particularly high intensity activities, is associated with better maintenance of weight loss. The benefits of activity were greater among overweight/obese than normal weight women...
  82. ncbi request reprint Preconception folate and vitamin B(6) status and clinical spontaneous abortion in Chinese women
    Alayne G Ronnenberg
    Department of Environmental Health, Program for Population Genetics, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 100:107-13. 2002
    ..To assess the association between preconception homocysteine and B vitamin status and risk of clinical spontaneous abortion in women from Anqing, China...
  83. pmc Point-of-purchase price and education intervention to reduce consumption of sugary soft drinks
    Jason P Block
    Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:1427-33. 2010
    ..We investigated whether a price increase on regular (sugary) soft drinks and an educational intervention would reduce their sales...
  84. ncbi request reprint Dietary glycemic index and carbohydrate in relation to early age-related macular degeneration
    Chung Jung Chiu
    Jean Mayer US Department of Agriculture Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, 711 Washington Street, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 83:880-6. 2006
    ..Several dietary factors have been linked to age-related maculopathy (ARM), the early form of age-related macular degeneration, and there is reason to think that dietary carbohydrate may play a role in the development of ARM...
  85. ncbi request reprint Low-carbohydrate-diet score and the risk of coronary heart disease in women
    Thomas L Halton
    Departments of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 355:1991-2002. 2006
    ..Low-carbohydrate diets have been advocated for weight loss and to prevent obesity, but the long-term safety of these diets has not been determined...
  86. ncbi request reprint Dietary fat is not a major determinant of body fat
    Walter C Willett
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Am J Med 113:47S-59S. 2002
    ..Diets high in fat do not appear to be the primary cause of the high prevalence of excess body fat in our society, and reductions in fat will not be a solution...
  87. ncbi request reprint Blood levels of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids, aspirin, and the risk of colorectal cancer
    Megan N Hall
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 16:314-21. 2007
    ..Aspirin also inhibits the cyclooxygenase-2 enzyme and may share with n-3 fatty acids a potential mechanism to decrease the risk of colorectal cancer...
  88. ncbi request reprint Dietary patterns, meat intake, and the risk of type 2 diabetes in women
    Teresa T Fung
    Department of Nutrition, Simmons College, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
    Arch Intern Med 164:2235-40. 2004
    ..To examine the association between major dietary patterns and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in a cohort of women...
  89. ncbi request reprint Diet and cancer: one view at the start of the millennium
    W C Willett
    Department of Nutrition and Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 10:3-8. 2001
    ....
  90. ncbi request reprint Assessment of a dietary questionnaire in cancer patients receiving cytotoxic chemotherapy
    Jeffrey A Meyerhardt
    Department of Medical Oncology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Clin Oncol 23:8453-60. 2005
    ..Although several comprehensive dietary questionnaires have been validated and calibrated in healthy populations, similar studies have not been performed among cancer patients...
  91. pmc Prospective weight change and colon cancer risk in male US health professionals
    Lau Caspar Thygesen
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, USA
    Int J Cancer 123:1160-5. 2008
    ..5. Our results add support that overweight and obesity are modifiable risk factors for colon cancer among men and suggest that weight has an important influence on colon cancer risk even in later life...
  92. ncbi request reprint Dietary patterns and the risk of postmenopausal breast cancer
    Teresa T Fung
    Department of Nutrition, Simmons College, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Int J Cancer 116:116-21. 2005
    ..However, a Western-type diet may elevate risk of breast cancer among smokers, and a prudent diet may protect against estrogen receptive-negative tumors...
  93. pmc Bidirectional association between depression and type 2 diabetes mellitus in women
    An Pan
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Arch Intern Med 170:1884-91. 2010
    ..Although it has been hypothesized that the diabetes-depression relation is bidirectional, few studies have addressed this hypothesis in a prospective setting...
  94. ncbi request reprint Alcohol drinking patterns and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus among younger women
    S Goya Wannamethee
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass, USA
    Arch Intern Med 163:1329-36. 2003
    ..To examine the relationship between alcohol consumption and the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus among relatively young and middle-aged women...
  95. ncbi request reprint Potato and french fry consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes in women
    Thomas L Halton
    Department of Nutrition and Epidemiology, Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 83:284-90. 2006
    ..Potatoes, a high glycemic form of carbohydrate, are hypothesized to increase insulin resistance and risk of type 2 diabetes...
  96. ncbi request reprint Glycemic index, glycemic load, and carbohydrate intake in relation to risk of distal colorectal adenoma in women
    Kyungwon Oh
    Department of Nutrition and Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 13:1192-8. 2004
    ..Our findings do not support the hypothesis that a high glycemic index diet, a high glycemic load diet, or high carbohydrate intake overall are associated with risk of colorectal adenoma...
  97. ncbi request reprint Dietary carotenoids and risk of lung cancer in a pooled analysis of seven cohort studies
    Satu Mannisto
    Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Nutrition, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 13:40-8. 2004
    ..Although smoking is the strongest risk factor for lung cancer, greater intake of foods high in beta-cryptoxanthin, such as citrus fruit, may modestly lower the risk...
  98. pmc Obesity as compared with physical activity in predicting risk of coronary heart disease in women
    Tricia Y Li
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Circulation 113:499-506. 2006
    ..The comparative importance of physical inactivity and obesity as predictors of coronary heart disease (CHD) risk remains unsettled...
  99. pmc Intake of fiber and nuts during adolescence and incidence of proliferative benign breast disease
    Xuefen Su
    Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, 181 Longwood Avenue, 3rd Floor, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 21:1033-46. 2010
    ..We examined the association between adolescent fiber intake and proliferative BBD, a marker of increased breast cancer risk, in the Nurses' Health Study II...
  100. pmc Body fatness at young ages and risk of breast cancer throughout life
    Heather J Baer
    Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02120, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 171:1183-94. 2010
    ..86 and RR = 0.92, respectively; P(heterogeneity) = 0.03). Body fatness at young ages has a strong and independent inverse relation to breast cancer risk throughout life...
  101. pmc Lactation and incidence of premenopausal breast cancer: a longitudinal study
    Alison M Stuebe
    Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Arch Intern Med 169:1364-71. 2009
    ..Findings from observational studies suggest an inverse association between lactation and premenopausal breast cancer risk, but results are inconsistent, and data from large prospective cohort studies are lacking...