Rachel N Carmody
Affiliation: Harvard University
- Energetic consequences of thermal and nonthermal food processingRachel N Carmody
Department of Human Evolutionary Biology, Peabody Museum, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:19199-203. 2011..They also illuminate a weakness in current food labeling practices, which systematically overestimate the caloric potential of poorly processed foods...
- The significance of cooking for early hominin scavengingAlex R Smith
Department of Human Evolutionary Biology, 11 Divinity Ave, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA Electronic address
J Hum Evol 84:62-70. 2015..Our experimental data imply that early hominins would have found it difficult to scavenge safely without focusing on marrow, employing strategies of carrion selection to minimize pathogen load, or cooking...
- Cooking increases net energy gain from a lipid-rich foodEmily E Groopman
Department of Human Evolutionary Biology, Peabody Museum, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, 02138 Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, 10032
Am J Phys Anthropol 156:11-8. 2015..Both effects were consistent with the greater energy gain observed with cooking. Our findings highlight the importance of cooking in increasing dietary energy returns for humans, both past and present...
- Diet rapidly and reproducibly alters the human gut microbiomeLawrence A David
1 FAS Center for Systems Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA 2 Society of Fellows, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA 3 Molecular Genetics and Microbiology and Institute for Genome Sciences and Policy, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708, USA
Nature 505:559-63. 2014..In concert, these results demonstrate that the gut microbiome can rapidly respond to altered diet, potentially facilitating the diversity of human dietary lifestyles. ..
- The energetic significance of cookingRachel N Carmody
Department of Human Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, 11 Divinity Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
J Hum Evol 57:379-91. 2009..While much remains to be discovered, we conclude that the adoption of cooking would have led to an important rise in energy availability. For this reason, we predict that cooking had substantial evolutionary significance...