Affiliation: Columbia University
- The right answer for the wrong question: consequences of type III error for public health researchS Schwartz
Joseph L Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
Am J Public Health 89:1175-80. 1999..This discrepancy between the research focus and the research question is referred to as a type III error, one that provides the right answer for the wrong question...
- Causal identification: a charge of epidemiology in danger of marginalizationSharon Schwartz
Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY Electronic address
Ann Epidemiol 26:669-673. 2016..In so doing, we argue that this approach can lead to the neglect of causal identification as a useful link between associations and the estimation of intervention effects...
- Distributional interaction: Interpretational problems when using incidence odds ratios to assess interactionUlka B Campbell
Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health at Columbia University, New York, USA
Epidemiol Perspect Innov 2:1. 2005..g., disease risk is less than 5%). Therefore, when assessing interaction on either an additive or multiplicative scale, caution should be taken in interpreting interaction estimates based on incidence odds ratios...
- The use of well controls: an unhealthy practice in psychiatric researchS Schwartz
Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
Psychol Med 41:1127-31. 2011..One common practice that violates these principles is the use of well controls. In this paper we describe the bias that it can cause and discuss why the use of well controls leads to invalidity in case-control studies...
- Extending the sufficient component cause model to describe the Stable Unit Treatment Value Assumption (SUTVA)Sharon Schwartz
Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 722 West 168 Street, NY, New York 10032, USA
Epidemiol Perspect Innov 9:3. 2012..Approaching SUTVA from an SCC model helps clarify what SUTVA is and reinforces the connections between interaction and SUTVA...
- Mental health disparities research: the impact of within and between group analyses on tests of social stress hypothesesSharon Schwartz
Columbia University, MSPH, Epidemiology, 722 West 168th Street, room 720b, New York 10032, USA
Soc Sci Med 70:1111-8. 2010..To fully evaluate the evidence, we need to carefully consider the convergence and divergence of results across diverse methodologies...
- Opening the Black Box: a motivation for the assessment of mediationDanella M Hafeman
Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, USA
Int J Epidemiol 38:838-45. 2009..We then describe the connections between these reasons and specific measures of indirect and direct effects that have been previously described...
- A future for epidemiology?S Schwartz
Joseph L Mailman School of Public Health Epidemiology, New York, New York, USA
Annu Rev Public Health 20:15-33. 1999..The proposed approach aims to preserve and build on the contributions of past eras, as well as the present one...
- Labeling effects of a controversial psychiatric diagnosis: a vignette experiment of late luteal phase dysphoric disorderS Schwartz
The Joseph L Mailman School of Public Health at Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
Women Health 30:63-75. 2000..In general, the results do not indicate a pervasive negative impact of this label. On the other hand, labeling the disorder a "psychiatric condition" did increase recommendations for psychiatric help...
- Commentary: what can epidemiology accomplish?Sharon Schwartz
Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, USA
Int J Epidemiol 35:587-90; discussion 593-6. 2006
- Outcomes for the sociology of mental health: are we meeting our goals?Sharon Schwartz
Columbia University, SPH, 630 West 168th Street, PH18 332, New York, N Y 10032, USA
J Health Soc Behav 43:223-35. 2002..I examine the premises of the current conceptual framework--the stress paradigm--in light of its ability to fulfill this goal, and I discuss the implications for the types of outcome measures we use...
- Issues in the epidemiological analysis and interpretation of intermediate biomarkersAndrew Rundle
Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 12:491-6. 2003..Similarly, analyses of BBED and D, controlling for E, do not provide insight into the role of G. We discuss how differences in the risk estimate for BBED, with and without control for E may be interpreted...
- Social patterning of stress and coping: does disadvantaged social statuses confer more stress and fewer coping resources?Ilan H Meyer
Columbia University, New York, NY 10011, USA
Soc Sci Med 67:368-79. 2008..We discuss this lack of parsimony in social stress explanations for health disparities...
- Increased risk of suicide attempts among Black and Latino lesbians, gay men, and bisexualsShannon O'Donnell
Ecole des hautes études en santé publique, Paris, France
Am J Public Health 101:1055-9. 2011....
- An organizational schema for epidemiologic causal effectsNicolle M Gatto
From the aDepartment of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY and bEpidemiology, Worldwide Safety and Regulatory, Pfizer Inc, New York, NY
Epidemiology 25:88-97. 2014..The objective of our schema was to illuminate the distinguishing characteristics of various causal effects and clarify their interpretation, thus guiding epidemiologists in choosing an appropriate causal effect to estimate. ..
- Distinguishing distress from disorder as psychological outcomes of stressful social arrangements: can we and should we?Sharon Schwartz
Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, USA
Health (London) 11:291-9; discussion 321-6. 2007
- Social support networks among diverse sexual minority populationsDavid M Frost
Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University
Am J Orthopsychiatry 86:91-102. 2016..Racial/ethnic minority LGBs relied on LGB similar others at the same rate as did White LGBs but, notably, racial/ethnic minority LGBs reported receiving fewer dimensions of support...
- Toward a clarification of the taxonomy of "bias" in epidemiology textbooksSharon Schwartz
From the aDepartment of Epidemiology, Columbia University, Mailman School of Public Health, New York, NY and bEpidemiology, Worldwide Safety and Regulatory, Pfizer Inc, New York, NY
Epidemiology 26:216-22. 2015..Based on a distillation of these textbook discussions, we provide an example of a taxonomy that we think meets these criteria. ..
- Lifetime prevalence of mental disorders and suicide attempts in diverse lesbian, gay, and bisexual populationsIlan H Meyer
Department of Sociomedical Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 600 W 168 St, 9th Floor, New York, NY 10032, USA
Am J Public Health 98:1004-6. 2008....
- Assessing mediation: the necessity of theoretical considerationsDanella Hafeman
Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
Prev Med 46:610-1. 2008