Child and Adolescent Services Research Center

Summary

Organization: Child and Adolescent Services Research Center
Country: USA

Top Publications

  1. pmc Trajectories of behavioral adjustment following early placement in foster care: predicting stability and change over 8 years
    LAURA J PROCTOR
    San Diego State University and the Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, Rady Children s Hospital San Diego, CA 92123 4282, USA
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 49:464-73. 2010
  2. ncbi Research-practice partnership in mental health: lessons from participants
    Ann F Garland
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 92123, USA
    Adm Policy Ment Health 33:517-28. 2006
  3. pmc State infant/toddler program policies for eligibility and services provision for young children with autism
    Aubyn C Stahmer
    Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, Children s Hospital, San Diego, CA 92123, USA
    Adm Policy Ment Health 34:29-37. 2007
  4. ncbi Implementing ADHD guidelines in primary care: does one size fit all?
    Laurel K Leslie
    Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, Children s Hospital, San Diego, USA
    J Health Care Poor Underserved 17:302-27. 2006
  5. ncbi Persistence of intimate partner violence among families referred to child welfare
    Cynthia D Connelly
    Child and Adolescent Services Research Center University of San Diego, CA 92123 4282, USA
    J Interpers Violence 21:774-97. 2006
  6. ncbi Female caregivers' experiences with intimate partner violence and behavior problems in children investigated as victims of maltreatment
    Andrea L Hazen
    Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, Children s Hospital and Health Center, San Diego, California, USA
    Pediatrics 117:99-109. 2006
  7. ncbi Why bother with beliefs? Examining relationships between race/ethnicity, parental beliefs about causes of child problems, and mental health service use
    May Yeh
    Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92123, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 73:800-7. 2005
  8. ncbi The relation between violence exposure and conduct problems among adolescents: a prospective study
    Kristen M McCabe
    Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, Children s Hospital, San Diego, CA 92123, USA
    Am J Orthopsychiatry 75:575-84. 2005
  9. pmc Developmental and behavioral needs and service use for young children in child welfare
    Aubyn C Stahmer
    Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, San Diego, CA 92123, USA
    Pediatrics 116:891-900. 2005
  10. ncbi Exploring the relationship between race/ethnicity, age of first school-based services utilization, and age of first specialty mental health care for at-risk youth
    Patricia A Wood
    Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, Children s Hospital, San Diego, California, USA
    Ment Health Serv Res 7:185-96. 2005

Scientific Experts

Detail Information

Publications53

  1. pmc Trajectories of behavioral adjustment following early placement in foster care: predicting stability and change over 8 years
    LAURA J PROCTOR
    San Diego State University and the Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, Rady Children s Hospital San Diego, CA 92123 4282, USA
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 49:464-73. 2010
    ....
  2. ncbi Research-practice partnership in mental health: lessons from participants
    Ann F Garland
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 92123, USA
    Adm Policy Ment Health 33:517-28. 2006
    ..The findings reinforce the central role of communication and trust-building in developing effective collaborations and exchanging knowledge...
  3. pmc State infant/toddler program policies for eligibility and services provision for young children with autism
    Aubyn C Stahmer
    Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, Children s Hospital, San Diego, CA 92123, USA
    Adm Policy Ment Health 34:29-37. 2007
    ..Results indicate few consistencies among states in policies and practices regarding the identification and care of infants and toddlers with autism. The implications of state variation for policy makers are discussed...
  4. ncbi Implementing ADHD guidelines in primary care: does one size fit all?
    Laurel K Leslie
    Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, Children s Hospital, San Diego, USA
    J Health Care Poor Underserved 17:302-27. 2006
    ..Open-ended interviews with clinicians confirmed these findings and revealed a need for tailoring of implementation strategies to more closely fit the needs of children and families cared for in public sector settings...
  5. ncbi Persistence of intimate partner violence among families referred to child welfare
    Cynthia D Connelly
    Child and Adolescent Services Research Center University of San Diego, CA 92123 4282, USA
    J Interpers Violence 21:774-97. 2006
    ..The results suggest that factors related to initial risk for IPV do not affect the continuation of IPV and that patterns of IPV differ for racial and ethnic groups...
  6. ncbi Female caregivers' experiences with intimate partner violence and behavior problems in children investigated as victims of maltreatment
    Andrea L Hazen
    Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, Children s Hospital and Health Center, San Diego, California, USA
    Pediatrics 117:99-109. 2006
    ..We examined the relationship between women's experiences with intimate partner violence and their reports of child behavior problems...
  7. ncbi Why bother with beliefs? Examining relationships between race/ethnicity, parental beliefs about causes of child problems, and mental health service use
    May Yeh
    Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92123, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 73:800-7. 2005
    ..c) 2005 APA, all rights reserved)...
  8. ncbi The relation between violence exposure and conduct problems among adolescents: a prospective study
    Kristen M McCabe
    Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, Children s Hospital, San Diego, CA 92123, USA
    Am J Orthopsychiatry 75:575-84. 2005
    ..Results are discussed in terms of implications for treatment and prevention of youth conduct problems...
  9. pmc Developmental and behavioral needs and service use for young children in child welfare
    Aubyn C Stahmer
    Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, San Diego, CA 92123, USA
    Pediatrics 116:891-900. 2005
    ....
  10. ncbi Exploring the relationship between race/ethnicity, age of first school-based services utilization, and age of first specialty mental health care for at-risk youth
    Patricia A Wood
    Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, Children s Hospital, San Diego, California, USA
    Ment Health Serv Res 7:185-96. 2005
    ..The results suggest that involvement in school-based services may play an important role in facilitating specialty outpatient mental health service use for youths...
  11. ncbi Prevalence, characteristics, and correlates of teasing experiences among overweight children vs. non-overweight peers
    Helen A Hayden-Wade
    Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, San Diego, CA, USA
    Obes Res 13:1381-92. 2005
    ....
  12. pmc Relationship between entry into child welfare and mental health service use
    Laurel K Leslie
    University of California, San Diego, CA 92123, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 56:981-7. 2005
    ..This study examined the relationship between initiation of outpatient mental health service use and level of child welfare involvement...
  13. ncbi Innovations: child and adolescent psychiatry: measuring outcomes of real-world youth psychotherapy: whom to ask and what to ask?
    Lauren Brookman-Frazee
    Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, 3020 Children s Way, MC 5033, and Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, CA 92123, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 57:1373-5. 2006
    ..The results highlight the complexities in measuring the impact of care and indicate the need to develop more feasible methods to measure multidimensional outcomes...
  14. pmc Parenting interventions for children with autism spectrum and disruptive behavior disorders: opportunities for cross-fertilization
    Lauren Brookman-Frazee
    Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, 3020 Children s Way MC 5033, San Diego, CA 92123, USA
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 9:181-200. 2006
    ..The practical implications of integrating these two highly related areas of research are identified and discussed...
  15. doi Parent-child interaction therapy for Mexican Americans: a randomized clinical trial
    Kristen McCabe
    University of San Diego, USA
    J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 38:753-9. 2009
    ..There were no significant differences between the three groups on treatment dropout, and families were more satisfied with both GANA and PCIT than with TAU...
  16. pmc Parent-child interactions among low-income Mexican American parents and preschoolers: do clinic-referred families differ from nonreferred families?
    Kristen McCabe
    University of San Diego, Rady Children s Hospital and Health Center, University of California San Diego, and San Diego State University, CA, USA
    Behav Ther 41:82-92. 2010
    ..Many of the parenting behaviors that have been found to differ between referred and nonreferred Caucasian families were also observed to differ between their Mexican American counterparts...
  17. pmc Child and family therapy process: concordance of therapist and observational perspectives
    Michael S Hurlburt
    University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Adm Policy Ment Health 37:230-44. 2010
    ..Implications of the findings for quality improvement efforts in community-based mental health care settings are discussed...
  18. doi Identifying common elements of evidence-based psychosocial treatments for children's disruptive behavior problems
    Ann F Garland
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego 92123, USA
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 47:505-14. 2008
    ....
  19. doi Intimate partner violence and psychological functioning in Latina women
    Andrea L Hazen
    Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, Rady Children s Hospital and Health Center, San Diego, CA 92123 4282, USA
    Health Care Women Int 29:282-99. 2008
    ..Sexual violence was generally not associated with psychological functioning. The different types of intimate partner violence were not related to participants' self-esteem. Implications for interventions with Latina women are discussed...
  20. pmc Determinates of youth and parent satisfaction in usual care psychotherapy
    Ann F Garland
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, 3020 Children s Way MC 5033, San Diego, CA 92123, USA
    Eval Program Plann 30:45-54. 2007
    ....
  21. ncbi Investigating ADHD treatment trajectories: listening to families' stories about medication use
    Laurel K Leslie
    Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, Children s Hospital, San Diego, CA 92123 0282, USA
    J Dev Behav Pediatr 28:179-88. 2007
    ..Policymakers, federal agencies, and researchers have called for more in-depth investigation of contextual mechanisms that may explain differences in medication use among youths with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
  22. ncbi ADHD service use patterns in youth
    Laurel K Leslie
    Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, Pediatrics Department at the University of California, San Diego, CA, USA
    J Pediatr Psychol 32:695-710. 2007
    ..To review what is currently known about service use by youth with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and discuss research and policy implications...
  23. ncbi ADHD service use patterns in youth
    Laurel K Leslie
    Child and Adolescent Services Research Center CASRC, Pediatrics Department at the University of California San Diego, San Diego, CA 92123, USA
    Ambul Pediatr 7:107-20. 2007
    ..To review what is currently known about service use by youth with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and discuss research and policy implications...
  24. ncbi Caregiver depression and medication use by youths with ADHD who receive services in the public sector
    Laurel K Leslie
    Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, Children s Hospital San Diego, 3020 Children s Way, MC 5033, San Diego, CA 92123, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 58:131-4. 2007
    ..This study examined caregiver depression and medication use by youths with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the public sector...
  25. pmc The basic structure of community early intervention programs for children with autism: provider descriptions
    Aubyn C Stahmer
    Department of Psychology, University of California, 9500 Gilman Drive, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 92093 0109, USA
    J Autism Dev Disord 37:1344-54. 2007
    ..Recommendations for using current community program structure to improve use of evidence-based practices are discussed...
  26. ncbi Racial and ethnic differences in utilization of mental health services among high-risk youths
    Ann F Garland
    Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, Children s Hospital and Health Center, 3020 Children s Way MC 5033, San Diego, CA 92123, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 162:1336-43. 2005
    ..The goal of this study was to test for racial/ethnic disparities in use of a variety of outpatient, inpatient, and informal mental health services among high-risk youths, with the effects of other predictive factors controlled...
  27. pmc Attention on inattention: the differential effect of caregiver education on endorsement of ADHD symptoms
    Jill Weckerly
    Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, Children s Hospital, San Diego, California 92123, USA
    J Dev Behav Pediatr 26:201-8. 2005
    ..There is a clear effect of caregiver education on ADHD symptom endorsement patterns, raising concerns that demographic factors related to symptom measurement may contribute to discrepancies in the assessment and treatment of ADHD...
  28. pmc The physical, developmental, and mental health needs of young children in child welfare by initial placement type
    Laurel K Leslie
    Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, Children s Hospital, San Diego, California 92123 0282, USA
    J Dev Behav Pediatr 26:177-85. 2005
    ....
  29. ncbi Clinicians and outcome measurement: what's the use?
    Ann F Garland
    Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, University of California, San Diego, 3020 Childrens Way MC 5033, San Diego, CA 92123, USA
    J Behav Health Serv Res 30:393-405. 2003
    ..With increased attention and resources devoted to performance outcome assessment, it is concerning that most clinicians perceive little clinical utility of outcome measurement...
  30. pmc Comprehensive assessments for children entering foster care: a national perspective
    Laurel K Leslie
    University of California San Diego, San Diego, California, USA
    Pediatrics 112:134-42. 2003
    ....
  31. ncbi Racial/ethnic differences in parental endorsement of barriers to mental health services for youth
    May Yeh
    San Diego State University, San Diego, California, USA
    Ment Health Serv Res 5:65-77. 2003
    ..Post hoc analyses suggest the influence of cultural factors upon barrier endorsement, indicating the importance of taking such influences into account in future research on barriers to care...
  32. ncbi Diagnostic profiles associated with use of mental health and substance abuse services among high-risk youths
    Ann F Garland
    Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, Children s Hospital and Health Center, 3020 Children s Way MC 5033, San Diego, CA 92123, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 54:562-4. 2003
    ..Unmet need for mental health services was greatest among youth with substance use disorders only...
  33. ncbi Child, parent, and therapist (dis)agreement on target problems in outpatient therapy: the therapist's dilemma and its implications
    Kristin M Hawley
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 71:62-70. 2003
    ..Findings highlight the therapist's dilemma in identifying treatment foci when clients disagree and may help explain the poor effects of clinic-based therapy reported in previous research...
  34. ncbi Comparing DISC-IV and clinician diagnoses among youths receiving public mental health services
    Caroline M Lewczyk
    University of California, San Diego, USA
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 42:349-56. 2003
    ....
  35. ncbi Correlates of suicidal behaviors among Asian American outpatient youths
    Anna S Lau
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, USA
    Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol 8:199-213. 2002
    ..This finding underscores the importance of culture as a context for determining the relevance of stressors for potentiating psychopathology...
  36. ncbi Gender differences in psychopathology, functional impairment, and familial risk factors among adjudicated delinquents
    Kristen M McCabe
    Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, Children s Hospital and Health Center, San Diego, CA, USA
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 41:860-7. 2002
    ..To test the hypotheses that female juvenile delinquents would have higher rates of psychological symptoms, DSM-IVpsychiatric and substance use disorders, functional impairment, and familial risk factors than male juvenile delinquents...
  37. ncbi Referral sources, diagnoses, and service types of youth in public outpatient mental health care: a focus on ethnic minorities
    May Yeh
    University of California and Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, Children s Hospital and Health Center San Diego, San Diego, CA 92123, USA
    J Behav Health Serv Res 29:45-60. 2002
    ..Possible explanations for these variations and future directions for research are discussed...
  38. ncbi Why are we here at the clinic? Parent-child (dis)agreement on referral problems at outpatient treatment entry
    M Yeh
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 69:1018-25. 2001
    ..Parent-child agreement was higher for externalizing than for internalizing problem categories (though poor for both). Low parent-child agreement may help explain the poor outcomes often reported for clinic-based child therapy...
  39. ncbi Childhood and adolescent onset conduct disorder: a test of the developmental taxonomy
    K M McCabe
    Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, Children s Hospital and Health Center, and Department of Psychology, University of San Diego, California 92123, USA
    J Abnorm Child Psychol 29:305-16. 2001
    ..The first hypothesis was strongly supported and the second hypothesis was partially supported. Implications for early identification of youth at risk for chronic offending are discussed...
  40. ncbi Relationship of youth satisfaction with mental health services and changes in symptoms and functioning
    Ann F Garland
    Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, Children s Hospital and Health Center, 3020 Children s Way, MC 3033, San Diego, CA 92123, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 54:1544-6. 2003
    ..Parent- and interviewer-reported change were not associated with consumer satisfaction. These results suggest that consumer satisfaction is not a good indicator of effectiveness of treatment in changing clinical functioning...
  41. pmc Racial/ethnic differences in the use of psychotropic medication in high-risk children and adolescents
    Laurel K Leslie
    Research Scientist, Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, 3020 Children s Way MC 5033, San Diego, CA 92123, USA
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 42:1433-42. 2003
    ..To investigate rates of psychotropic medication use by youths served in public service sectors as a function of race/ethnicity...
  42. pmc Addressing the developmental and mental health needs of young children in foster care
    Laurel K Leslie
    Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, Children s Hospital San Diego, 3020 Children s Way, MC 5033, San Diego, CA 92123, USA
    J Dev Behav Pediatr 26:140-51. 2005
    ..This paper provides a framework for health, developmental, and mental health professionals seeking to partner with child welfare to develop and implement programs addressing these critical issues...
  43. ncbi Training young pediatricians as leaders for the 21st century
    Laurel K Leslie
    Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, Children s Hospital, 3020 Children s Way, MC 5033, San Diego, CA 92123 0282, USA
    Pediatrics 115:765-73. 2005
    ..To conduct a needs assessment with young pediatricians who participate in a leadership training program and to evaluate the effectiveness of that program...
  44. ncbi Cultural affiliation and self-esteem as predictors of internalizing symptoms among mexican american adolescents
    Elizabeth J McDonald
    Department of Psychology, University of San Diego, CA 92123, USA
    J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 34:163-71. 2005
    ..There was no significant interaction between cultural affiliation and self-esteem among Mexican American boys. Findings highlight the importance of gender and culture in risk processes for internalizing symptoms...
  45. ncbi Use of mental health services by youths in public sectors of care
    Andrea L Hazen
    Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, Children s Hospital, San Diego, California 92123 4282, USA
    Ment Health Serv Res 6:213-26. 2004
    ..In contrast, youths enumerated from the juvenile justice system tended to have the lowest rates of use. Additional research is needed to refine our understanding of the factors associated with the observed patterns of service use...
  46. pmc Contextual predictors of mental health service use among children open to child welfare
    Michael S Hurlburt
    Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, Children s Hospital, San Diego, CA 92123, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 61:1217-24. 2004
    ..Children involved with child welfare systems are at high risk for emotional and behavioral problems. Many children with identified mental health problems do not receive care, especially ethnic/minority children...
  47. pmc Implementing the American Academy of Pediatrics attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder diagnostic guidelines in primary care settings
    Laurel K Leslie
    Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, Children s Hospital, San Diego, California 92123 0282, USA
    Pediatrics 114:129-40. 2004
    ....
  48. ncbi Racial/ethnic differences in caregiver strain and perceived social support among parents of youth with emotional and behavioral problems
    Kristen M McCabe
    Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, Children s Hospital, Department of Psychiatry, University of California, Department of Psychology, University of San Diego, San Diego, California, USA
    Ment Health Serv Res 5:137-47. 2003
    ..Other cultural variables such as familism and tolerance should be examined to identify processes that result in reduced perception of caregiver strain among African American parents caring for children with emotional/behavioral problems...
  49. ncbi Multiple stakeholder agreement on desired outcomes for adolescents' mental health services
    Ann F Garland
    Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, Children s Hospital, San Diego, California, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 55:671-6. 2004
    ..Potential correlates of agreement, including the youth, family, and treatment characteristics, were also tested...
  50. ncbi Gender differences in childhood onset conduct disorder
    Kristen M McCabe
    Children s Hospital, San Diego, CA, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 16:179-92. 2004
    ..These findings suggest that COCD is not rare among females in public service sectors, COCD girls can be distinguished from AOCD girls in terms of risk factors, and risk factors for COCD among males are also relevant to females...
  51. ncbi Parental beliefs about the causes of child problems: exploring racial/ethnic patterns
    May Yeh
    Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, Children s Hospital, San Diego, California, USA
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 43:605-12. 2004
    ..To examine racial/ethnic patterns of parental beliefs about etiological explanations for youth problems...
  52. ncbi The development of morphosyntactic ability in atypical populations: The acquisition of tag questions in children with early focal lesions and children with specific-language impairment
    Jill Weckerly
    SDSU UCSD Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, 3030 Children s Way, MC5033, San Diego, CA 92123, USA
    Brain Lang 88:190-201. 2004
    ..Implications for theories of the development of brain-language relationships as they pertain to early focal brain damage, specific-language impairment, and the language acquisition process in typically developing children are discussed...
  53. ncbi Prevalence of psychiatric disorders in youths across five sectors of care
    A F Garland
    Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, Children s Hospital and Health Center, San Diego, CA, USA
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 40:409-18. 2001
    ....

Research Grants22

  1. MEASURING OUTCOMES OF YOUTH MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES
    Ann Garland; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  2. Integrating Evidence and Practice of Youth Psychotherapy
    Ann Garland; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Data will be analyzed using mixed effects regression models to examine how variations in treatment elements are related to outcome trajectories. ..
  3. DEVELOPING CULTURALLY RESPONSIVE CHILD INTERVENTIONS
    KRISTEN MC CABE; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The data will also provide an estimate of effect size that will be used to determine the necessary sample size for a larger effectiveness trial in the future. ..
  4. Cognitive Consensus in Cross-Cultural Competence
    May Yeh; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The ultimate goal of the proposed project is to increase the effectiveness of care by identifying specific culture-linked cognitive processes that can be targeted in future intervention development. ..
  5. RACE/ETHNICITY IN SCHOOL BASED/MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES
    May Yeh; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The data collected will form the basis for a future R01 research project to develop and test the effectiveness of strategies designed to improve appropriate service entry by youth in need. ..
  6. Engaging Victims of Partner Violence in Services
    Andrea Hazen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The knowledge gained will enable the applicant to develop future R01 applications on engagement strategies and interventions for intimate partner violence. ..
  7. Examining Practice Patterns For Children with Autism
    Aubyn Stahmer; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This combination of training and research will provide me the necessary background to conduct independent translational research for young children with autism. ..
  8. Translating Autism Intervention for Mental Health Services via Knowledge Exchange
    Lauren Brookman Frazee; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  9. Quality of MH Care and Treatment Outcomes for Youth
    Michael Hurlburt; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The study will develop a method for understanding factors that affect the translation of ESTs from the tightly controlled settings of efficacy trials to community treatment settings. ..
  10. Improving Interventions for Drug Abuse-Partner Violence
    Cynthia Connelly; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The data will form the basis for a R01 application to prospectively test the effectiveness of strategies designed to improve provider education and practice related to ATOD, IPV, and AD among women of childbearing age. ..