Thomas W McDowell

Summary

Affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc The Effect of a Mechanical Arm System on Portable Grinder Vibration Emissions
    Thomas W McDowell
    Health Effects Laboratory Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health NIOSH, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
    Ann Occup Hyg 60:371-86. 2016
  2. pmc Laboratory and workplace assessments of rivet bucking bar vibration emissions
    Thomas W McDowell
    National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health NIOSH, Health Effects Lab, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
    Ann Occup Hyg 59:382-97. 2015
  3. pmc Laboratory and field measurements and evaluations of vibration at the handles of riveting hammers
    Thomas W McDowell
    NIOSH Health Effects Laboratory, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
    Ann Occup Hyg 56:911-24. 2012
  4. doi request reprint Assessment of hand-transmitted vibration exposure from motorized forks used for beach-cleaning operations
    Thomas W McDowell
    Health Effects Laboratory Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, WV, USA
    Ann Occup Hyg 57:43-53. 2013
  5. doi request reprint An evaluation of impact wrench vibration emissions and test methods
    Thomas W McDowell
    National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health NIOSH, NIOSH Health Effects Lab, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
    Ann Occup Hyg 52:125-38. 2008
  6. doi request reprint Comparing three methods for evaluating impact wrench vibration emissions
    Thomas W McDowell
    National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Health Effects Laboratory Division, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
    Ann Occup Hyg 53:617-26. 2009
  7. doi request reprint Development of a new dynamometer for measuring grip strength applied on a cylindrical handle
    Bryan Wimer
    Engineering and Control Technology Branch, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1095 Willowdale Road, MS L 2027, Morgantown, West Virginia 26505, USA
    Med Eng Phys 31:695-704. 2009
  8. doi request reprint Modeling the finger joint moments in a hand at the maximal isometric grip: the effects of friction
    John Z Wu
    National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health CDC, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
    Med Eng Phys 31:1214-8. 2009
  9. pmc A proposed theory on biodynamic frequency weighting for hand-transmitted vibration exposure
    Ren G Dong
    Engineering and Control Technology Branch, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, USA
    Ind Health 50:412-24. 2012
  10. pmc Vibration-reducing gloves: transmissibility at the palm of the hand in three orthogonal directions
    Thomas W McDowell
    a Health Effects Laboratory Division HELD, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health NIOSH, Morgantown, WV, USA
    Ergonomics 56:1823-40. 2013

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications24

  1. pmc The Effect of a Mechanical Arm System on Portable Grinder Vibration Emissions
    Thomas W McDowell
    Health Effects Laboratory Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health NIOSH, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
    Ann Occup Hyg 60:371-86. 2016
    ..Thus, it is doubtful that ISO 28927-1 is useful for estimating workplace grinder vibration exposures or for predicting workplace grinder acceleration rank orders. ..
  2. pmc Laboratory and workplace assessments of rivet bucking bar vibration emissions
    Thomas W McDowell
    National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health NIOSH, Health Effects Lab, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
    Ann Occup Hyg 59:382-97. 2015
    ..The results of this study, together with other information such as rivet quality, productivity, tool weight, comfort, worker acceptance, and initial cost can be used to make informed bucking bar selections. ..
  3. pmc Laboratory and field measurements and evaluations of vibration at the handles of riveting hammers
    Thomas W McDowell
    NIOSH Health Effects Laboratory, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
    Ann Occup Hyg 56:911-24. 2012
    ..5 m s(-2)) using any of the evaluated riveting hammers...
  4. doi request reprint Assessment of hand-transmitted vibration exposure from motorized forks used for beach-cleaning operations
    Thomas W McDowell
    Health Effects Laboratory Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, WV, USA
    Ann Occup Hyg 57:43-53. 2013
    ..Motorized vibrating manure forks were used in beach-cleaning operations following the massive Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico during the summer of 2010...
  5. doi request reprint An evaluation of impact wrench vibration emissions and test methods
    Thomas W McDowell
    National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health NIOSH, NIOSH Health Effects Lab, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
    Ann Occup Hyg 52:125-38. 2008
    ..Therefore, in order to reduce vibration exposure, tools should be selected and adjusted so that they produce no more than the needed torque for the task at hand...
  6. doi request reprint Comparing three methods for evaluating impact wrench vibration emissions
    Thomas W McDowell
    National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Health Effects Laboratory Division, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
    Ann Occup Hyg 53:617-26. 2009
    ..Evaluators need to use appropriate numbers of tools and tool operators in their assessments; recommendations are provided...
  7. doi request reprint Development of a new dynamometer for measuring grip strength applied on a cylindrical handle
    Bryan Wimer
    Engineering and Control Technology Branch, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1095 Willowdale Road, MS L 2027, Morgantown, West Virginia 26505, USA
    Med Eng Phys 31:695-704. 2009
    ..Therefore, this study concluded that this new dynamometer is suitable for measuring grip strength with sufficient precision...
  8. doi request reprint Modeling the finger joint moments in a hand at the maximal isometric grip: the effects of friction
    John Z Wu
    National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health CDC, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
    Med Eng Phys 31:1214-8. 2009
    ..The proposed approach will be useful for simulating musculoskeletal loading in the hand for occupational activities, thereby optimizing tool-handle design...
  9. pmc A proposed theory on biodynamic frequency weighting for hand-transmitted vibration exposure
    Ren G Dong
    Engineering and Control Technology Branch, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, USA
    Ind Health 50:412-24. 2012
    ..As a result, preliminary finger biodynamic frequency weightings are proposed. The implications of the proposed theory and the preliminary biodynamic frequency weightings are also discussed...
  10. pmc Vibration-reducing gloves: transmissibility at the palm of the hand in three orthogonal directions
    Thomas W McDowell
    a Health Effects Laboratory Division HELD, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health NIOSH, Morgantown, WV, USA
    Ergonomics 56:1823-40. 2013
    ..This study found the gloves to be most effective at reducing vibrations along the forearm direction. These gloves did not effectively attenuate vibration along the handle axial direction. ..
  11. ncbi request reprint Estimation of vibration power absorption density in human fingers
    Ren G Dong
    Engineering and Control Technology Branch, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, West Virginia 26505, USA
    J Biomech Eng 127:849-56. 2005
    ..The average VPAD can be determined using the proposed experimental method. It can serve as an alternative tool to quantify the severity of the vibration exposure for studying vibration-induced finger disorders...
  12. ncbi request reprint A new approach to characterize grip force applied to a cylindrical handle
    Ren G Dong
    Engineering and Control Technology Branch, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, MS L 2027, WV 26505, USA
    Med Eng Phys 30:20-33. 2008
    ..More interestingly, each of the 160 sets of experimental data reasonably fit this study's proposed elliptical model. The implications of the findings are discussed...
  13. ncbi request reprint An evaluation of the methods for deriving representative frequency response functions of the human whole-body system
    Ren G Dong
    National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Engineering and Control Technology Branch, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, West Virginia 26505, USA
    Ind Health 48:596-605. 2010
    ..While more demanding than the response-based method, the property-based method is theoretically more reliable for deriving the representative response functions for each axis...
  14. ncbi request reprint Biodynamic response at the palm of the human hand subjected to a random vibration
    Ren G Dong
    Engineering and Control Technology Branch, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, West Virginia 26505, USA
    Ind Health 43:241-55. 2005
    ....
  15. pmc An examination of the vibration transmissibility of the hand-arm system in three orthogonal directions
    Daniel E Welcome
    Engineering and Control Technology Branch, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
    Int J Ind Ergon 45:21-34. 2015
    ..The implications of the results are discussed...
  16. ncbi request reprint Frequency weighting derived from power absorption of fingers-hand-arm system under z(h)-axis vibration
    Ren G Dong
    Engineering and Control Technology Branch, HELD, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, CDC, MS L 2027, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
    J Biomech 39:2311-24. 2006
    ..The finger VPA is a vibration measure between unweighted and ISO weighted accelerations. The palm VPA method may have some value for studying the disorders in the wrist-arm system...
  17. pmc Tool-specific performance of vibration-reducing gloves for attenuating palm-transmitted vibrations in three orthogonal directions
    Ren G Dong
    Engineering and Control Technology Branch, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
    Int J Ind Ergon 44:827-839. 2014
    ..The two AV gloves were not more effective than the other gloves with some of the tools considered in this study. The implications of the results are discussed...
  18. pmc An examination of the handheld adapter approach for measuring hand-transmitted vibration exposure
    Xueyan S Xu
    Engineering and Control Technology Branch, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
    Measurement ( Mahwah N J) 47:64-77. 2014
    ..Some potential methods for improving the design and use of the adapters are also proposed and discussed...
  19. pmc An examination of an adapter method for measuring the vibration transmitted to the human arms
    Xueyan S Xu
    Engineering and Control Technology Branch, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
    Measurement (Lond) 73:318-334. 2015
    ..Therefore, the adapter method is acceptable for understanding the basic characteristics of the vibration transmission in the human arms, and the adapter-measured data are acceptable for approximately modeling the system...
  20. pmc Tool-specific performance of vibration-reducing gloves for attenuating fingers-transmitted vibration
    Daniel E Welcome
    Engineering and Control Technology Branch, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, WV, USA
    Occup Ergon 13:23-44. 2016
    ..Fingers-transmitted vibration can cause vibration-induced white finger. The effectiveness of vibration-reducing (VR) gloves for reducing hand transmitted vibration to the fingers has not been sufficiently examined...
  21. pmc Modeling of the biodynamic responses distributed at the fingers and palm of the hand in three orthogonal directions
    Ren G Dong
    Engineering and Control Technology Branch, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
    J Sound Vib 232:1125-1140. 2013
    ..Some interesting phenomena observed in the experimental study of the biodynamic responses in the three directions were also explained in this study...
  22. pmc Theoretical relationship between vibration transmissibility and driving-point response functions of the human body
    Ren G Dong
    Engineering and Control Technology Branch, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
    J Sound Vib 332:6193-6202. 2013
    ..The basic theory developed in this study is also applicable to the vibration analyses of other structures...
  23. pmc Theoretical foundation, methods, and criteria for calibrating human vibration models using frequency response functions
    Ren G Dong
    Engineering and Control Technology Branch, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
    J Sound Vib 356:195-216. 2015
    ..The analyses suggest that the best choice of calibration method depends on the modeling purpose, the model structure, and the availability and reliability of representative reference data...
  24. pmc Analysis of the effects of surface stiffness on the contact interaction between a finger and a cylindrical handle using a three-dimensional hybrid model
    John Z Wu
    National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, WV, USA Electronic address
    Med Eng Phys 36:831-41. 2014
    ..Our results show that the maximal compressive stress and strain in the soft tissues of the fingers can be effectively reduced by reducing the stiffness of the covering material. ..