William J Bellini

Summary

Affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Country: USA

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Biological feasibility of measles eradication
    William J Bellini
    Measles, Mumps, Rubella and Herpesviruses Laboratory Branch, Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, MS C 22, 1600 Clifton Rd, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Virus Res 162:72-9. 2011
  2. ncbi request reprint Nipah virus: an emergent paramyxovirus causing severe encephalitis in humans
    William J Bellini
    Respiratory and Enteric Viruses Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Neurovirol 11:481-7. 2005
  3. pmc Ultrastructural characterization of SARS coronavirus
    Cynthia S Goldsmith
    Infectious Disease Pathology Activity, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 10:320-6. 2004
  4. pmc Genetic characterization of Nipah virus, Bangladesh, 2004
    Brian H Harcourt
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:1594-7. 2005
  5. doi request reprint Persistence of vaccine-induced measles antibody beyond age 12 months: a comparison of response to one and two doses of Edmonston-Zagreb measles vaccine among HIV-infected and uninfected children in Malawi
    Ashley Fowlkes
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 204:S149-57. 2011
  6. pmc Comparison of the sensitivity of laboratory diagnostic methods from a well-characterized outbreak of mumps in New York city in 2009
    Jennifer S Rota
    Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Clin Vaccine Immunol 20:391-6. 2013
  7. ncbi request reprint Monoclonal antibodies to SARS-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV): identification of neutralizing and antibodies reactive to S, N, M and E viral proteins
    Ralph A Tripp
    National Centers for Infectious Diseases, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Respiratory and Enteric Virus Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, Mailstop G 09, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Virol Methods 128:21-8. 2005
  8. doi request reprint Improving global virologic surveillance for measles and rubella
    Paul A Rota
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 204:S506-13. 2011
  9. pmc Characterization of Nipah virus from outbreaks in Bangladesh, 2008-2010
    Michael K Lo
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 18:248-55. 2012
  10. ncbi request reprint SARS-coronavirus replication in human peripheral monocytes/macrophages
    Mamadi Yilla
    Respiratory and Enteric Viruses Branch, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd, MS C22, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Virus Res 107:93-101. 2005

Detail Information

Publications87

  1. doi request reprint Biological feasibility of measles eradication
    William J Bellini
    Measles, Mumps, Rubella and Herpesviruses Laboratory Branch, Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, MS C 22, 1600 Clifton Rd, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Virus Res 162:72-9. 2011
    ..1)) and the reader is referred to this document for a detailed summary of the global status of measles control. This review will focus on the biologic and virologic aspects of measles eradication...
  2. ncbi request reprint Nipah virus: an emergent paramyxovirus causing severe encephalitis in humans
    William J Bellini
    Respiratory and Enteric Viruses Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Neurovirol 11:481-7. 2005
    ..This review summarizes what is known about the virology, epidemiology, pathology, diagnosis and control of this novel pathogen...
  3. pmc Ultrastructural characterization of SARS coronavirus
    Cynthia S Goldsmith
    Infectious Disease Pathology Activity, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 10:320-6. 2004
    ..Electron microscopic studies were critical in identifying the etiologic agent of the SARS outbreak and in guiding subsequent laboratory and epidemiologic investigations...
  4. pmc Genetic characterization of Nipah virus, Bangladesh, 2004
    Brian H Harcourt
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:1594-7. 2005
    ..We describe the genetic characterization of a new strain of NV isolated during outbreaks in Bangladesh (NV-B) in 2004, which confirms that NV was the etiologic agent responsible for these outbreaks...
  5. doi request reprint Persistence of vaccine-induced measles antibody beyond age 12 months: a comparison of response to one and two doses of Edmonston-Zagreb measles vaccine among HIV-infected and uninfected children in Malawi
    Ashley Fowlkes
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 204:S149-57. 2011
    ..Among HIV-uninfected children, measles antibody prevalence was lower among 1- than 2-dose MV recipients. Here, we report results through age 24 months...
  6. pmc Comparison of the sensitivity of laboratory diagnostic methods from a well-characterized outbreak of mumps in New York city in 2009
    Jennifer S Rota
    Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Clin Vaccine Immunol 20:391-6. 2013
    ..These results reinforce the need to use virus detection assays in addition to serologic tests...
  7. ncbi request reprint Monoclonal antibodies to SARS-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV): identification of neutralizing and antibodies reactive to S, N, M and E viral proteins
    Ralph A Tripp
    National Centers for Infectious Diseases, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Respiratory and Enteric Virus Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, Mailstop G 09, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Virol Methods 128:21-8. 2005
    ..The mAbs characterized should prove useful for developing SARS-CoV diagnostic assays and for studying the biology of infection and pathogenesis of disease...
  8. doi request reprint Improving global virologic surveillance for measles and rubella
    Paul A Rota
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 204:S506-13. 2011
    ..In addition, baseline virologic surveillance, especially for rubella, needs to be improved in many countries. This report contains a summary of recent improvements to the methods used for virologic surveillance...
  9. pmc Characterization of Nipah virus from outbreaks in Bangladesh, 2008-2010
    Michael K Lo
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 18:248-55. 2012
    ..Sequence comparisons between the open reading frames of all available NiV genes led us to propose a standardized protocol for genotyping NiV; this protcol provides a simple and accurate way to classify current and future NiV sequences...
  10. ncbi request reprint SARS-coronavirus replication in human peripheral monocytes/macrophages
    Mamadi Yilla
    Respiratory and Enteric Viruses Branch, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd, MS C22, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Virus Res 107:93-101. 2005
    ..Given the importance of monocytes/macrophages to the immune response, it is possible that their infection by SARS-CoV and alteration of this infection by IFN-alpha may be important to the course of the infection in humans...
  11. pmc Detection of RNA of mumps virus during an outbreak in a population with a high level of measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine coverage
    Rebecca H Bitsko
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Office of Workforce and Career Development, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 46:1101-3. 2008
    ..Seven of the eight reverse transcription-PCR-positive specimens were collected during the first 3 days of parotitis, suggesting that viral shedding is minimal after the first 3 days of symptoms...
  12. ncbi request reprint Characterization of a novel coronavirus associated with severe acute respiratory syndrome
    Paul A Rota
    National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Science 300:1394-9. 2003
    ..Phylogenetic analyses and sequence comparisons showed that SARS-CoV is not closely related to any of the previously characterized coronaviruses...
  13. doi request reprint Seroprevalence of measles, mumps and rubella among children in American Samoa, 2011, and progress towards West Pacific Region goals of elimination
    Abdirahman Mahamud
    National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Vaccine 31:3683-7. 2013
    ..We assessed population immunity to measles, mumps and rubella among first grade children in American Samoa (AS) through a seroprevalance study...
  14. ncbi request reprint Nipah virus conforms to the rule of six in a minigenome replication assay
    Kim Halpin
    Measles Virus Section, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, MS C22, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Gen Virol 85:701-7. 2004
    ..While these results suggest that NiV uses a replication strategy that is similar to those of other paramyxoviruses, they also support the inclusion of NiV and HeV in a separate genus within the subfamily Paramyxovirinae...
  15. ncbi request reprint Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis: more cases of this fatal disease are prevented by measles immunization than was previously recognized
    William J Bellini
    Respiratory and Enteric Viruses Branch, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 192:1686-93. 2005
    ..The purpose of the present study was to identify cases of SSPE that were associated with the resurgence of measles and to calculate the risk of developing SSPE...
  16. doi request reprint Measles outbreak associated with an international youth sporting event in the United States, 2007
    Tai Ho Chen
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 29:794-800. 2010
    ..In 2007, the initiation of a multistate measles outbreak was associated with an imported case occurring in a participant at an international youth sporting event held in Pennsylvania...
  17. pmc Laboratory confirmation of measles in elimination settings: experience from the Republic of the Marshall Islands, 2003
    Terri B Hyde
    Global Immunization Division, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, United States of America
    Bull World Health Organ 87:93-8. 2009
    ....
  18. ncbi request reprint Genetic changes that affect the virulence of measles virus in a rhesus macaque model
    Bettina Bankamp
    Measles, Mumps, Rubella and Herpes Viruses Laboratory Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Virology 373:39-50. 2008
    ..These results identify a limited number of genetic changes in the genome of MV that lead to attenuation in vivo...
  19. doi request reprint Laboratory characterization of measles virus infection in previously vaccinated and unvaccinated individuals
    Carole J Hickman
    Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 204:S549-58. 2011
    ..These parameters may represent useful biomarkers for classification of SVF cases that previously could not be confirmed as such using routine laboratory diagnostic techniques...
  20. pmc Measles virus IgG avidity assay for use in classification of measles vaccine failure in measles elimination settings
    Sara Mercader
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Clin Vaccine Immunol 19:1810-7. 2012
    ....
  21. pmc Distinct and overlapping roles of Nipah virus P gene products in modulating the human endothelial cell antiviral response
    Michael K Lo
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Viral Special Pathogens Branch, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e47790. 2012
    ..The results of this study also provide an opportunity to verify the results of earlier artificial plasmid expression studies in the context of authentic viral infection...
  22. pmc Adaptation to cell culture induces functional differences in measles virus proteins
    Bettina Bankamp
    Measles, Mumps, Rubella and Herpesvirus Laboratory Branch, Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, MS C 22, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Virol J 5:129. 2008
    ..The Vero-adapted virus (D-VI) had a mutation in the cytoplasmic tail of the hemagglutinin (H) protein...
  23. ncbi request reprint Development of quantitative gene-specific real-time RT-PCR assays for the detection of measles virus in clinical specimens
    Kimberly B Hummel
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, 1600 Clifton Road, Mailstop C 22, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Virol Methods 132:166-73. 2006
    ....
  24. ncbi request reprint Lack of evidence of measles virus shedding in people with inapparent measles virus infections
    Fabio A Lievano
    Measles Elimination Activity, Child Vaccine Preventable Diseases Branch, Epidemiology and Surveillance Division, National Immunization Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 189:S165-70. 2004
    ..0; 95% confidence interval, 1.9-19.2). None of the 133 contacts had virological evidence of infection by culture or polymerase chain reaction. We found no evidence that persons with inapparent measles virus infections shed measles virus...
  25. ncbi request reprint Elucidation of Nipah virus morphogenesis and replication using ultrastructural and molecular approaches
    Cynthia S Goldsmith
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Mailstop G30, 1600 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Virus Res 92:89-98. 2003
    ..Ultrastructural ISH studies suggest these inclusions play an important role in the transcription process...
  26. doi request reprint The C, V and W proteins of Nipah virus inhibit minigenome replication
    Katrina Sleeman
    Measles, Mumps, Rubella, and Herpesvirus Laboratory Branch, Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    J Gen Virol 89:1300-8. 2008
    ..Although there is very limited amino acid sequence similarity between the C, V and W proteins within the paramyxoviruses, the heterotypic inhibition of replication suggests that these proteins may share functional properties...
  27. doi request reprint Improving molecular tools for global surveillance of measles virus
    Bettina Bankamp
    Measles, Mumps, Rubella and Herpes Virus Laboratory Branch, Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, MS C 22, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Clin Virol 58:176-82. 2013
    ..The 450 nucleotides that encode the carboxyl-terminus of the nucleoprotein (N-450) are routinely sequenced for genotype analysis...
  28. ncbi request reprint The genomic termini of wild-type and vaccine strains of measles virus
    Xin Liu
    Measles, Mumps, Rubella and Herpesvirus Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, MS C 22, 1600 Clifton Rd, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Virus Res 122:78-84. 2006
    ..These results indicated that naturally occurring nucleotide variations in the 3' leader region can affect the levels of reporter protein synthesis, and presumably affected the level of replication of the virus...
  29. doi request reprint Regulation of interferon signaling by the C and V proteins from attenuated and wild-type strains of measles virus
    Judith M Fontana
    Measles, Mumps, Rubella, and Herpesvirus Laboratory Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Mailstop C 22, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Virology 374:71-81. 2008
    ....
  30. doi request reprint Determination of the henipavirus phosphoprotein gene mRNA editing frequencies and detection of the C, V and W proteins of Nipah virus in virus-infected cells
    Michael K Lo
    Measles, Mumps, Rubella and Herpesviruses Laboratory Branch, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Gen Virol 90:398-404. 2009
    ..All proteins were detected in both infected cells and purified virions. In infected cells, the W protein was detected in the nucleus while P, V and C were found in the cytoplasm...
  31. pmc Development of a neutralization assay for Nipah virus using pseudotype particles
    Azaibi Tamin
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Virol Methods 160:1-6. 2009
    ..Therefore, this new method has the potential to be a rapid and cost-effective diagnostic method, especially in locations that lack high containment facilities, and will provide a valuable tool for basic research and vaccine development...
  32. doi request reprint Seroprevalence of antibody to mumps virus in the US population, 1999-2004
    Preeta K Kutty
    Division of Viral Diseases and 2Global Immunization Division, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 202:667-74. 2010
    ..To understand prior mumps seroprevalence and factors associated with the presence of antibody to mumps virus, data from the 1999-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were analyzed...
  33. doi request reprint Two case studies of modified measles in vaccinated physicians exposed to primary measles cases: high risk of infection but low risk of transmission
    Jennifer S Rota
    Measles, Mumps, Rubella, and Herpesvirus Laboratory Branch, Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 204:S559-63. 2011
    ..Both of the physicians continued to see patients, because neither considered that they could have measles. Despite surveillance for cases among contacts, including unvaccinated persons, no additional cases were identified...
  34. ncbi request reprint Identification of naturally occurring amino acid variations that affect the ability of the measles virus C protein to regulate genome replication and transcription
    Bettina Bankamp
    Measles, Mumps, Rubella and Herpes Virus Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Mail Stop C 22, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Virology 336:120-9. 2005
    ..Though we did not find a link between the aa changes in MV C and attenuation, these data provide new information regarding the functions of this non-structural protein...
  35. pmc High Concentrations of Measles Neutralizing Antibodies and High-Avidity Measles IgG Accurately Identify Measles Reinfection Cases
    Sun B Sowers
    National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Clin Vaccine Immunol 23:707-16. 2016
    ..Therefore, when serological or RT-qPCR results are unavailable or inconclusive, suspected measles cases with high-avidity measles IgG can be confirmed as RICs by measles neutralizing antibody concentrations of ≥40,000 mIU/ml. ..
  36. doi request reprint Elimination of endemic measles, rubella, and congenital rubella syndrome from the Western hemisphere: the US experience
    Mark J Papania
    Measles, Mumps, Rubella, and Herpesvirus Laboratory Branch, Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia
    JAMA Pediatr 168:148-55. 2014
    ..In December 2011, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention convened an external expert panel to review the evidence and determine whether elimination of endemic measles, rubella, and CRS had been sustained...
  37. pmc Cell culture and electron microscopy for identifying viruses in diseases of unknown cause
    Cynthia S Goldsmith
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, Mailstop G32, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 19:886-91. 2013
    ..These cases illustrate the importance of the techniques of cell culture and electron microscopy in pathogen identification and recognition of emerging diseases...
  38. pmc Real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction assay for SARS-associated coronavirus
    Shannon L Emery
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 10:311-6. 2004
    ..The real-time RT-PCR assay was more sensitive than a conventional RT-PCR assay or culture isolation and proved suitable to detect SARS-CoV in clinical specimens. Application of this assay will aid in diagnosing SARS-CoV infection...
  39. doi request reprint Global distribution of measles genotypes and measles molecular epidemiology
    Paul A Rota
    World Health Organization WHO Global Specialized Laboratory, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 204:S514-23. 2011
    ..The future challenges will be to develop quality control programs for molecular methods and to continue to expand virologic surveillance activities in all regions...
  40. pmc Enzyme-linked immunospot assay detection of mumps-specific antibody-secreting B cells as an alternative method of laboratory diagnosis
    Donald R Latner
    Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Clin Vaccine Immunol 18:35-42. 2011
    ..In addition, it was determined that mumps-specific memory B cells are detected at a much lower frequency than measles- or rubella-specific cells, suggesting that mumps infection may not generate robust B-cell memory...
  41. ncbi request reprint Characterization of the antiviral and inflammatory responses against Nipah virus in endothelial cells and neurons
    Michael K Lo
    Measles, Mumps, Rubella, and Herpesvirus Laboratory Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Virology 404:78-88. 2010
    ....
  42. doi request reprint Mumps antibody levels among students before a mumps outbreak: in search of a correlate of immunity
    Margaret M Cortese
    Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    J Infect Dis 204:1413-22. 2011
    ....
  43. pmc Activity of polymerase proteins of vaccine and wild-type measles virus strains in a minigenome replication assay
    Bettina Bankamp
    Respiratory and Enteric Viruses Branch, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Virol 76:7073-81. 2002
    ..These data demonstrate that increased polymerase activity differentiates attenuated from wild-type viruses and suggest that functions involved in RNA synthesis contribute to the attenuated phenotype of MV vaccine strains...
  44. doi request reprint Guidance for isolation precautions for mumps in the United States: a review of the scientific basis for policy change
    Preeta K Kutty
    Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 50:1619-28. 2010
    ..Updated guidance, released in 2007-2008, changed the mumps isolation period from 9 to 5 days. It is now recommended that mumps patients be isolated and standard and droplet precautions be followed for 5 days after parotitis onset...
  45. doi request reprint Evaluation of the immune response to a 2-dose measles vaccination schedule administered at 6 and 9 months of age to HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected children in Malawi
    Rita F Helfand
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Altanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 198:1457-65. 2008
    ..The World Health Organization recommends that infants at high risk for developing measles before 9 months of age, including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected infants, receive measles vaccination (MV) at 6 and 9 months of age...
  46. ncbi request reprint Genetic analysis of measles viruses isolated in the united states between 1989 and 2001: absence of an endemic genotype since 1994
    Paul A Rota
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 189:S160-4. 2004
    ..Therefore, the data obtained from virological surveillance are consistent with the conclusions made by disease surveillance and epidemiological investigations that measles is no longer an endemic disease in the United States...
  47. ncbi request reprint Update on the global distribution of genotypes of wild type measles viruses
    Paul A Rota
    Measles Virus Section, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 187:S270-6. 2003
    ..This review provides updated information on the circulation patterns of measles genotypes and examples of the utility of virologic surveillance...
  48. pmc Molecular epidemiology of measles viruses in the United States, 1997-2001
    Paul A Rota
    Measles Virus Section, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:902-8. 2002
    ..Therefore, the diversity of Measles virus genotypes observed in the United States from 1997 to 2001 reflected multiple imported sources of virus and indicated that no strain of measles is endemic in the United States...
  49. ncbi request reprint Population immunity to measles in the United States, 1999
    Sonja S Hutchins
    National Immunization Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 189:S91-7. 2004
    ..Overall, geographic- and age-specific estimates of a high population immunity support the epidemiological evidence that measles disease is no longer endemic in the United States...
  50. doi request reprint Recent resurgence of mumps in the United States
    Gustavo H Dayan
    Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    N Engl J Med 358:1580-9. 2008
    ..S. schoolchildren beginning in 1990 was followed by historically low reports of mumps cases. A 2010 elimination goal was established, but in 2006 the largest mumps outbreak in two decades occurred in the United States...
  51. ncbi request reprint Comparison of available methods to elute serum from dried blood spot samples for measles serology
    Sara Mercader
    Measles, Mumps, Rubella and Herpes Viruses Branch, Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, M S C 22, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Virol Methods 137:140-9. 2006
    ..An easy-to-implement protocol is proposed for the rapid extraction of serum for measles/rubella serology in outbreak situations for use in the World Health Organization Global Measles and Rubella Laboratory Network...
  52. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of the measles clinical case definition
    Sonja S Hutchins
    National Immunization Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 189:S153-9. 2004
    ..The low positive predictive value of the clinical case definition in settings of low incidence demonstrates that serological confirmation is essential to ensure an accurate diagnosis of measles when measles is rare...
  53. pmc Rab9 GTPase is required for replication of human immunodeficiency virus type 1, filoviruses, and measles virus
    James L Murray
    National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Virol 79:11742-51. 2005
    ..These results suggest that Rab9 is an important cellular target for inhibiting diverse viruses and help to define a late-endosome-to-plasma-membrane vesicular transport pathway important in viral assembly...
  54. ncbi request reprint Comparison of vaccination with measles-mumps-rubella vaccine at 9, 12, and 15 months of age
    Stephen C Redd
    National Immunization Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 189:S116-22. 2004
    ..The response to mumps varied little by age of the child or birth year of the child's mother. These results support the recommended age for first vaccination with measles-mumps-rubella at 12-15 months...
  55. doi request reprint Mumps outbreak in Orthodox Jewish communities in the United States
    Albert E Barskey
    Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    N Engl J Med 367:1704-13. 2012
    ..The outbreak described in this report occurred among U.S. Orthodox Jewish communities during 2009 and 2010...
  56. ncbi request reprint A novel coronavirus associated with severe acute respiratory syndrome
    Thomas G Ksiazek
    Special Pathogens Branch, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, USA
    N Engl J Med 348:1953-66. 2003
    ..We conducted studies to identify the etiologic agent of this outbreak...
  57. ncbi request reprint The challenges and strategies for laboratory diagnosis of measles in an international setting
    William J Bellini
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 187:S283-90. 2003
    ..These methods are compared along with their respective utilities in supporting measles diagnosis and strain surveillance...
  58. pmc SARS surveillance during emergency public health response, United States, March-July 2003
    Stephanie J Schrag
    Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, Respiratory Diseases Branch, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 10:185-94. 2004
    ..Successes and limitations of this emergency surveillance can guide preparations for future outbreaks of SARS or respiratory diseases of unknown etiology...
  59. ncbi request reprint Incremental effectiveness of 2 doses of measles-containing vaccine compared with 1 dose among high school students during an outbreak
    Tracey V Lynn
    Alaska Division of Public Health, Anchorage, Alaska Epidemic Intelligence Service, Epidemiology Program Office, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    J Infect Dis 189:S86-90. 2004
    ..44; P<.001), yielding an estimated incremental vaccine efficacy of 94.1% (95% confidence interval, 55.9%-99.2%; P<.001). Rapid implementation of a mandatory second-dose MCV requirement probably limited the extent of this outbreak...
  60. pmc Estimates of mumps seroprevalence may be influenced by antibody specificity and serologic method
    Donald R Latner
    Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Clin Vaccine Immunol 21:286-97. 2014
    ..If neutralizing antibody is important for protection, this suggests that previous estimates of immunity based on whole-virus ELISAs may be overstated. ..
  61. ncbi request reprint Detection of measles virus RNA in whole blood stored on filter paper
    Russell S Katz
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Med Virol 67:596-602. 2002
    ....
  62. ncbi request reprint The C protein of measles virus inhibits the type I interferon response
    Jessica A Shaffer
    Measles Virus Section, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Virology 315:389-97. 2003
    ..While the mechanism of inhibition remains unclear, these data suggest that the MV C protein plays an important role in the pathogenesis of MV by inhibiting IFNalpha/beta signaling...
  63. doi request reprint Long-term persistence of mumps antibody after receipt of 2 measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccinations and antibody response after a third MMR vaccination among a university population
    Anand A Date
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 197:1662-8. 2008
    ..High attack rates among vaccinated young adults reported during the 2006 mumps outbreak in the United States heightened concerns regarding mumps vaccine failure...
  64. ncbi request reprint Measles outbreak in the Republic of the Marshall Islands, 2003
    Terri B Hyde
    Viral Vaccine Preventable Diseases Branch, National Immunization Program, NIP, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, CDC, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 35:299-306. 2006
    ..Reported 1-dose measles vaccine coverage among children aged 12-23 months varied widely (52-94%) between 1990 and 2000...
  65. pmc Molecular epidemiology of measles viruses in China, 1995-2003
    Yan Zhang
    WHO Regional Reference Laboratory for Measles for the Western Pacific Region, National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, China Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100050, China
    Virol J 4:14. 2007
    ..This important baseline data will help to monitor the progress of measles control in China...
  66. ncbi request reprint Immunogenicity of measles and rubella vaccines in Oman: a prospective clinical trial
    Kathryn A Kohler
    Global Immunization Division, National Immunization Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 187:S177-85. 2003
    ..One dose of measles vaccine at age 9 months was highly immunogenic. One dose of measles-rubella vaccine at age 15 months closed the remaining measles immunogenicity gap and resulted in a high rate of rubella seroconversion...
  67. ncbi request reprint Functional properties of the fusion and attachment glycoproteins of Nipah virus
    Azaibi Tamin
    Respiratory and Enteric Viruses Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Virology 296:190-200. 2002
    ..Data from these biological assays support the taxonomic grouping of both HV and NV in the new genus, Henipavirus, within the family Paramyxoviridae...
  68. pmc Edmonston measles virus prevents increased cell surface expression of peptide-loaded major histocompatibility complex class II proteins in human peripheral monocytes
    Mamadi Yilla
    Respiratory and Enteric Viruses Branch, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Virol 77:9412-21. 2003
    ....
  69. pmc Measles immunization coverage determined by serology and immunization record from children in two Chicago communities
    John T Watson
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Public Health Rep 121:262-9. 2006
    ....
  70. pmc New measles genotype, Uganda
    Apollo Muwonge
    Uganda Virus Research Institute, Entebbe, Uganda
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:1522-6. 2005
    ..Therefore, Ugandan viruses should be considered a new, proposed genotype (d10). This new sequence information will expand the utility of molecular epidemiologic techniques for describing measles transmission patterns in eastern Africa...
  71. ncbi request reprint Persistence of vaccine-induced antibody to measles 26-33 years after vaccination
    Mark S Dine
    J Infect Dis 189:S123-30. 2004
    ..001). Persistence of antibody in these primarily 2-dose recipients supports the current elimination strategy to achieve and sustain high population immunity with a 2-dose schedule...
  72. pmc Genetic homogeneity of measles viruses associated with a measles outbreak, São Paulo, Brazil, 1997
    Maria I Oliveira
    Adolfo Lutz Institute, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:808-13. 2002
    ..Our findings extend the knowledge of the circulation patterns of measles virus in South America, contributing to measles control efforts in the Americas...
  73. pmc Nipah virus-associated encephalitis outbreak, Siliguri, India
    Mandeep S Chadha
    National Institute of Virology, Pune, India
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:235-40. 2006
    ..NiV infection has not been previously detected in India...
  74. ncbi request reprint A new complication of stem cell transplantation: measles inclusion body encephalitis
    Alexandra F Freeman
    Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Pediatrics, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine and Children s Memorial Hospital, 2300 Children s Plaza, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    Pediatrics 114:e657-60. 2004
    ..In addition, this case demonstrates the utility of brain biopsy in the diagnosis of encephalitis of unknown cause in the immunocompromised host...
  75. ncbi request reprint Protection against challenge with measles virus (MV) in infant macaques by an MV DNA vaccine administered in the presence of neutralizing antibody
    Mary Premenko-Lanier
    California National Primate Research Center and Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, University of California, Davis, 95616, USA
    J Infect Dis 189:2064-71. 2004
    ..These results suggest that it is possible to develop an MV DNA vaccine that could protect infants in developing countries during the first months of life...
  76. ncbi request reprint Genetic analysis of measles viruses isolated in Morocco
    Amal Alla
    Institute of Health, Rabat, Morocco
    J Med Virol 68:441-4. 2002
    ..Knowledge of the indigenous strain of measles virus circulating in Morocco will help to describe viral transmission pathways and should contribute to efforts to evaluate the effectiveness of future vaccination campaigns...
  77. ncbi request reprint Characterization of measles sequences from Pune, India
    Niteen Wairagkar
    National Institute of Virology, Pune, India
    J Med Virol 68:611-4. 2002
    ..Continued virologic surveillance in other areas of India as well as neighboring countries will indicate the extent of genetic diversity present among wild-type measles viruses circulating in India...
  78. ncbi request reprint Effects of a SARS-associated coronavirus vaccine in monkeys
    Wentao Gao
    Department of Surgery Molecular, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15219, USA
    Lancet 362:1895-6. 2003
    ..These results show that an adenoviral-based vaccine can induce strong SARS-CoV-specific immune responses in the monkey, and hold promise for development of a protective vaccine against the SARS causal agent...
  79. ncbi request reprint Genetic and antigenic characterization of measles viruses that circulated in Korea during the 2000-2001 epidemic
    Byoung Kuk Na
    Department of Virology, National Institute of Health, Seoul, Korea
    J Med Virol 70:649-54. 2003
    ....
  80. pmc Potent neutralization of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) coronavirus by a human mAb to S1 protein that blocks receptor association
    Jianhua Sui
    Department of Cancer Immunology and AIDS, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:2536-41. 2004
    ....
  81. pmc Real-time reverse transcription-PCR assay for detection of mumps virus RNA in clinical specimens
    Jennifer D Boddicker
    University of Iowa Hygienic Laboratory, University of Iowa, 102 Oakdale Hall, H101 OH, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 45:2902-8. 2007
    ..Thus, we have developed and validated a molecular method for rapidly diagnosing mumps infection that may be used to complement existing techniques...
  82. ncbi request reprint Congenital and neonatal measles during an epidemic in São Paulo, Brazil in 1997
    Selma Lopes Betta Ragazzi
    Division of Pediatrics, University Hospital, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 24:377-8. 2005
    ..Measles virus genome and IgM antibodies against measles were detected. In 1 infant, measles virus genome persisted in peripheral blood mononuclear cells for 157 days after birth...
  83. ncbi request reprint DNA vaccination of infants in the presence of maternal antibody: a measles model in the primate
    Mary Premenko-Lanier
    California National Primate Research Center and Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, University of California Davis, County Road 98, Davis, CA 95616 8542, USA
    Virology 307:67-75. 2003
    ..Further, the addition of a molecular IL-2 adjuvant augments this DNA vaccine...
  84. doi request reprint Antibody induced by immunization with the Jeryl Lynn mumps vaccine strain effectively neutralizes a heterologous wild-type mumps virus associated with a large outbreak
    Steven A Rubin
    Division of Viral Products, Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, United States Food and Drug Administration, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    J Infect Dis 198:508-15. 2008
    ....
  85. ncbi request reprint Mumps surveillance and prevention: putting mumps back on our radar screen
    Moe H Kyaw
    Cleve Clin J Med 74:13-5. 2007
  86. ncbi request reprint Laboratory diagnosis of Ebola hemorrhagic fever during an outbreak in Yambio, Sudan, 2004
    Clayton O Onyango
    World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Arbovirus and Viral Hemorrhagic Fever Reference and Research, Nairobi, Kenya
    J Infect Dis 196:S193-8. 2007
    ..In response, case management, social mobilization, and follow-up of contacts were set up as means of surveillance. The outbreak was declared to be over on 7 August 2004...
  87. ncbi request reprint Immunologic studies of specific mucosal and systemic immune responses in Mexican school children after booster aerosol or subcutaneous immunization with measles vaccine
    Joseph A Bellanti
    International Center for Interdisciplinary Studies of Immunology and the Department of Pediatrics, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA
    Vaccine 22:1214-20. 2004
    ....