Gary L Darmstadt

Summary

Affiliation: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Seasonality of birth outcomes in rural Sarlahi District, Nepal: a population-based prospective cohort
    Michelle M Hughes
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 14:310. 2014
  2. pmc Incidence and risk factors of preterm birth in a rural Bangladeshi cohort
    Rashed Shah
    International Center for Maternal and Newborn Health ICMNH, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 N, Wolfe Street, Room E8624, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    BMC Pediatr 14:112. 2014
  3. pmc Using verbal autopsy to measure causes of death: the comparative performance of existing methods
    Christopher J L Murray
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, 2301 5th Avenue Suite 600, Seattle, WA 98121, USA
    BMC Med 12:5. 2014
  4. pmc Determinants and pattern of care seeking for preterm newborns in a rural Bangladeshi cohort
    Rashed Shah
    Department of International Health, International Center for Maternal and Newborn Health ICMNH, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 14:417. 2014
  5. doi request reprint Who has been caring for the baby?
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Global Development Division, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle, WA, USA Electronic address
    Lancet 384:174-88. 2014
  6. pmc Reproductive tract disorders among Afghan refugee women attending health clinics in Haripur, Pakistan
    Z P Balsara
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 28:501-8. 2010
  7. pmc A strategy for reducing maternal and newborn deaths by 2015 and beyond
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Global Development Division, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, PO Box 23350, Seattle, WA 98102, USA
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 13:216. 2013
  8. doi request reprint Effect of antenatal zinc supplementation on impetigo in infants in Bangladesh
    Gary L Darmstadt
    International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 31:407-9. 2012
  9. pmc Care during labor and birth for the prevention of intrapartum-related neonatal deaths: a systematic review and Delphi estimation of mortality effect
    Anne C C Lee
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    BMC Public Health 11:S10. 2011
  10. pmc Clean birth and postnatal care practices to reduce neonatal deaths from sepsis and tetanus: a systematic review and Delphi estimation of mortality effect
    Hannah Blencowe
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    BMC Public Health 11:S11. 2011

Detail Information

Publications95

  1. pmc Seasonality of birth outcomes in rural Sarlahi District, Nepal: a population-based prospective cohort
    Michelle M Hughes
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 14:310. 2014
    ..We report a descriptive study of the seasonality of prematurity, low birth weight, small for gestational age, neonatal deaths, and stillbirths in the plains of Nepal...
  2. pmc Incidence and risk factors of preterm birth in a rural Bangladeshi cohort
    Rashed Shah
    International Center for Maternal and Newborn Health ICMNH, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 N, Wolfe Street, Room E8624, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    BMC Pediatr 14:112. 2014
    ..Globally, about 15 million neonates are born preterm and about 85% of global preterm birth occurs in Asia and Africa regions. We aimed to estimate the incidence and risk factors for preterm birth in a rural Bangladeshi cohort...
  3. pmc Using verbal autopsy to measure causes of death: the comparative performance of existing methods
    Christopher J L Murray
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, 2301 5th Avenue Suite 600, Seattle, WA 98121, USA
    BMC Med 12:5. 2014
    ..Multiple methods have been developed for assigning cause of death from a VA but their application is restricted by uncertainty about their reliability...
  4. pmc Determinants and pattern of care seeking for preterm newborns in a rural Bangladeshi cohort
    Rashed Shah
    Department of International Health, International Center for Maternal and Newborn Health ICMNH, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 14:417. 2014
    ..Among preterm babies in rural Bangladesh, we examined: 1) determinants and patterns of care seeking, and 2) risk analysis for care-seeking from qualified and unqualified providers...
  5. doi request reprint Who has been caring for the baby?
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Global Development Division, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle, WA, USA Electronic address
    Lancet 384:174-88. 2014
    ..Who will step up during the next decade to ensure decision making in countries leads to implementation of stillbirth and newborn health interventions within RMNCH programmes? ..
  6. pmc Reproductive tract disorders among Afghan refugee women attending health clinics in Haripur, Pakistan
    Z P Balsara
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 28:501-8. 2010
    ..8%) for cleansing after defaecation. Specific physical and behavioural contributors to the high prevalence of RTIs in this population were identified, and recommendations to ameliorate these factors are offered...
  7. pmc A strategy for reducing maternal and newborn deaths by 2015 and beyond
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Global Development Division, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, PO Box 23350, Seattle, WA 98102, USA
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 13:216. 2013
    ..We present a Maternal Newborn and Child Health (MNCH) strategy for accelerating progress on MDGs 4 and 5, sustaining the gains beyond 2015, and further bringing down maternal and child mortality by two thirds by 2030...
  8. doi request reprint Effect of antenatal zinc supplementation on impetigo in infants in Bangladesh
    Gary L Darmstadt
    International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 31:407-9. 2012
    ....
  9. pmc Care during labor and birth for the prevention of intrapartum-related neonatal deaths: a systematic review and Delphi estimation of mortality effect
    Anne C C Lee
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    BMC Public Health 11:S10. 2011
    ..Our objective was to estimate the effect of various childbirth care packages on neonatal mortality due to intrapartum-related events ("birth asphyxia") in term babies for use in the Lives Saved Tool (LiST)...
  10. pmc Clean birth and postnatal care practices to reduce neonatal deaths from sepsis and tetanus: a systematic review and Delphi estimation of mortality effect
    Hannah Blencowe
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    BMC Public Health 11:S11. 2011
    ..Annually over 520,000 newborns die from neonatal sepsis, and 60,000 more from tetanus. Estimates of the effect of clean birth and postnatal care practices are required for evidence-based program planning...
  11. doi request reprint Parenteral antibiotics for the treatment of serious neonatal bacterial infections in developing country settings
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 28:S37-42. 2009
    ..A number of special issues must be considered when selecting simple, safe, inexpensive, and effective antimicrobial regimens for treatment of neonatal sepsis in developing country community settings...
  12. doi request reprint Oral antibiotics in the management of serious neonatal bacterial infections in developing country communities
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 28:S31-6. 2009
    ..Parenteral antibiotic therapy is the standard of care for treatment of serious neonatal infections. This may not be possible, however, in some developing country settings with limited health systems capacity...
  13. pmc 60 Million non-facility births: who can deliver in community settings to reduce intrapartum-related deaths?
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 107:S89-112. 2009
    ..For the world's 60 million non-facility births, addressing who is currently attending these births and what effect they have on birth outcomes is a key starting point toward improving care during childbirth...
  14. pmc Impact of clean delivery-kit use on newborn umbilical cord and maternal puerperal infections in Egypt
    Gary L Darmstadt
    International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 27:746-54. 2009
    ..11, 95% CI 0.01-1.06), although the statistical strength of the association was of borderline significance (p = 0.057). The use of CDK was associated with reductions in umbilical cord and puerperal infections...
  15. pmc Evaluation of a cluster-randomized controlled trial of a package of community-based maternal and newborn interventions in Mirzapur, Bangladesh
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e9696. 2010
    ..To evaluate a delivery strategy for newborn interventions in rural Bangladesh...
  16. doi request reprint Validation of a clinical algorithm to identify neonates with severe illness during routine household visits in rural Bangladesh
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Arch Dis Child 96:1140-6. 2011
    ..To validate a clinical algorithm for community health workers (CHWs) during routine household surveillance for neonatal illness in rural Bangladesh...
  17. doi request reprint Effect of skin barrier therapy on neonatal mortality rates in preterm infants in Bangladesh: a randomized, controlled, clinical trial
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health E8153, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 North Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Pediatrics 121:522-9. 2008
    ..Topical application of emollients that augment skin barrier function was evaluated as a strategy for improving survival rates among hospitalized preterm infants in Bangladesh...
  18. ncbi request reprint Impact of community-based behaviour-change management on perceived neonatal morbidity: a cluster-randomized controlled trial in Shivgarh, Uttar Pradesh, India
    Jeffrey R Willis
    International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Trop Pediatr 58:286-91. 2012
    ..Assuming incidence of perceived illnesses is a proxy for actual morbidity rates, we conclude that promotion of preventive care practices through behaviour-change interventions was effective in reducing neonatal morbidities...
  19. doi request reprint Clean cord care practices and neonatal mortality: evidence from rural Uttar Pradesh, India
    Praween K Agrawal
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Room E 8138, 615 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 66:755-8. 2012
    ..Infections are among the leading causes of neonatal mortality. Care practices immediately following delivery contribute to newborns' risk of infection and mortality...
  20. pmc Effectiveness of home-based management of newborn infections by community health workers in rural Bangladesh
    Abdullah H Baqui
    International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 28:304-10. 2009
    ..Infections account for about half of neonatal deaths in low-resource settings. Limited evidence supports home-based treatment of newborn infections by community health workers (CHW)...
  21. pmc Incidence of and risk factors for neonatal jaundice among newborns in southern Nepal
    Carolyn G Scrafford
    Department of International Health, Global Disease Epidemiology and Control, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 18:1317-28. 2013
    ..To quantify the incidence of and risk factors for neonatal jaundice among infants referred for care from a rural, low-resource, population-based cohort in southern Nepal...
  22. pmc Household surveillance of severe neonatal illness by community health workers in Mirzapur, Bangladesh: coverage and compliance with referral
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Health Policy Plan 25:112-24. 2010
    ..Effective and scalable community-based strategies are needed for identification and management of serious neonatal illness...
  23. pmc Impact of 4.0% chlorhexidine cleansing of the umbilical cord on mortality and omphalitis among newborns of Sylhet, Bangladesh: design of a community-based cluster randomized trial
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    BMC Pediatr 9:67. 2009
    ..A previous trial in Nepal indicated that umbilical cord cleansing with 4.0% chlorhexidine could substantially reduce mortality and omphalitis risk, but policy changes await additional community-based data...
  24. pmc Gender differences in perception and care-seeking for illness of newborns in rural Uttar Pradesh, India
    Jeffrey R Willis
    International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 27:62-71. 2009
    ..These results suggest that, during the neonatal period, care-seeking for girls is neglected compared to boys, laying a foundation for programmes and further research to address gender differences in neonatal health in India...
  25. doi request reprint Routine skin cultures in predicting sepsis pathogens among hospitalized preterm neonates in Bangladesh
    Yoonjoung Choi
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Neonatology 94:123-31. 2008
    ..Few studies from developing countries have examined sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of routine surface cultures...
  26. pmc Validation of community health workers' assessment of neonatal illness in rural Bangladesh
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 87:12-9. 2009
    ....
  27. pmc Impact of an integrated nutrition and health programme on neonatal mortality in rural northern India
    Abdullahh Baqui
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 86:796-804, A. 2008
    ..To assess the impact of the newborn health component of a large-scale community-based integrated nutrition and health programme...
  28. pmc Maternal and birth attendant hand washing and neonatal mortality in southern Nepal
    Victor Rhee
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205 2103, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 162:603-8. 2008
    ..More than 95% of neonatal deaths occur in developing countries, approximately 50% at home. Few data are available on the impact of hand-washing practices by birth attendants or caretakers on neonatal mortality...
  29. ncbi request reprint Effect of topical emollient treatment of preterm neonates in Bangladesh on invasion of pathogens into the bloodstream
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Pediatr Res 61:588-93. 2007
    ..e. skin flora blocked from entry into blood) compared with the control group. Topical therapy with SSO reduced the passage of pathogens from the skin surface into the bloodstream of preterm infants...
  30. pmc Home care practices for newborns in rural southern Nepal during the first 2 weeks of life
    Dominique J Karas
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Trop Pediatr 58:200-7. 2012
    ..5%). Many of these commonly practiced behaviors are detrimental to the health and survival of newborns. Key areas to be addressed when designing a community-endorsed care package were identified...
  31. pmc Potential role of traditional birth attendants in neonatal healthcare in rural southern Nepal
    Tina Y Falle
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, E8646, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 27:53-61. 2009
    ..Continuing efforts to define the role of TBAs may benefit from an emphasis on their potential as active promoters of essential newborn care...
  32. pmc Comparing modelled predictions of neonatal mortality impacts using LiST with observed results of community-based intervention trials in South Asia
    Ingrid K Friberg
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 39:i11-20. 2010
    ..The Lives Saved Tool (LiST) is designed to facilitate programmatic prioritization by modelling mortality reductions related to increasing coverage of specific interventions which may be combined into packages...
  33. pmc Vulnerability of newborns to environmental factors: findings from community based surveillance data in Bangladesh
    Ishtiaq Mannan
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 8:3437-52. 2011
    ..72, 95% CI: 1.32 to 2.23 in Sylhet and, 1.62, 95% CI: 1.33 to 1.96 in Mirzapur). Prevention of VSD in neonates can be enhanced if these interactions are considered in health intervention strategies...
  34. ncbi request reprint Effect of topical treatment with skin barrier-enhancing emollients on nosocomial infections in preterm infants in Bangladesh: a randomised controlled trial
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 365:1039-45. 2005
    ..Our aim was to ascertain whether topical application of emollients to enhance skin barrier function would prevent nosocomial infections in this population...
  35. doi request reprint Sex differences in neonatal mortality in Sarlahi, Nepal: the role of biology and environment
    Summer Rosenstock
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 67:986-91. 2013
    ..Associations between gender preference and mortality are cited as reasons for excess mortality among girls. This has not, however, been tested in statistical models...
  36. pmc Injections during labor and intrapartum-related hypoxic injury and mortality in rural southern Nepal
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21228, USA
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 122:22-6. 2013
    ..To estimate the association between unmonitored use of injections during labor and intrapartum-related neonatal mortality and morbidity among home births...
  37. pmc Nosocomial sepsis risk score for preterm infants in low-resource settings
    Rebecca E Rosenberg
    Department of International Health, International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Trop Pediatr 56:82-9. 2010
    ..70, sensitivity of 77.1%, and PPV of 64.9%. Our clinical sepsis score is the first bedside clinical screen exclusively for hospitalized, very premature neonates in a low-resource setting, and warrants external validation...
  38. pmc Practices of rural Egyptian birth attendants during the antenatal, intrapartum and early neonatal periods
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 26:36-45. 2008
    ..Priority areas for behaviour change and future research to improve neonatal health outcomes were identified, specific to type of provider (physician, nurse, or daya) and regional variations in practices...
  39. pmc Risk factors for neonatal mortality due to birth asphyxia in southern Nepal: a prospective, community-based cohort study
    Anne C C Lee
    Department of International Health, International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Pediatrics 121:e1381-90. 2008
    ..Our goal was to identify antepartum, intrapartum, and infant risk factors for birth asphyxia mortality in a rural, low-resource, population-based cohort in southern Nepal...
  40. pmc Determining gestational age in a low-resource setting: validity of last menstrual period
    Rebecca E Rosenberg
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 27:332-8. 2009
    ..Additional prospective trials are warranted to examine LMP against antenatal ultrasound for primary assessment of neonatal gestational age in other low-resource settings...
  41. doi request reprint Simplified age-weight mortality risk classification for very low birth weight infants in low-resource settings
    Rebecca E Rosenberg
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Pediatr 153:519-24. 2008
    ..To identify a valid neonatal mortality risk prediction score feasible for use in developing countries...
  42. doi request reprint Effect of community-based newborn-care intervention package implemented through two service-delivery strategies in Sylhet district, Bangladesh: a cluster-randomised controlled trial
    Abdullah H Baqui
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Lancet 371:1936-44. 2008
    ..Therefore the project for advancing the health of newborns and mothers (Projahnmo) implemented a community-based intervention package through government and non-government organisation infrastructures to reduce neonatal mortality...
  43. doi request reprint Impact of 4.0% chlorhexidine cord cleansing on the bacteriologic profile of the newborn umbilical stump in rural Sylhet District, Bangladesh: a community-based, cluster-randomized trial
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 31:444-50. 2012
    ..Such data could clarify the design of scaled chlorhexidine interventions...
  44. pmc A randomized controlled trial of the impact of chlorhexidine skin cleansing on bacterial colonization of hospital-born infants in Nepal
    Luke C Mullany
    International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 27:505-11. 2008
    ..Few data exist on the impact of chlorhexidine cleansing on skin colonization of infants during the first day of life or on the absorption potential of chlorhexidine during newborn skin cleansing...
  45. pmc Population-based incidence and etiology of community-acquired neonatal bacteremia in Mirzapur, Bangladesh: an observational study
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Infect Dis 200:906-15. 2009
    ..To devise treatment strategies for neonatal infections, the population-level incidence and antibiotic susceptibility of pathogens must be defined...
  46. pmc Impact of newborn skin-cleansing with chlorhexidine on neonatal mortality in southern Nepal: a community-based, cluster-randomized trial
    James M Tielsch
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Pediatrics 119:e330-40. 2007
    ..Our objective was to assess the efficacy of a 1-time skin-cleansing of newborn infants with 0.25% chlorhexidine on neonatal mortality...
  47. doi request reprint Maternal-fetal disproportion and birth asphyxia in rural Sarlahi, Nepal
    Anne C C Lee
    Center for Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 163:616-23. 2009
    ..To assess the risk of birth asphyxia associated with maternal and newborn size...
  48. doi request reprint Utilization and perceptions of neonatal healthcare providers in rural Uttar Pradesh, India
    Jeffrey R Willis
    International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Int J Qual Health Care 23:487-94. 2011
    ..To describe the utilization and perceptions of existing neonatal health services in rural Uttar Pradesh, India...
  49. pmc Economic evaluation of neonatal care packages in a cluster-randomized controlled trial in Sylhet, Bangladesh
    Amnesty E Lefevre
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Suite E 8139, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore MD 21205, United States of America USA
    Bull World Health Organ 91:736-45. 2013
    ..To evaluate and compare the cost-effectiveness of two strategies for neonatal care in Sylhet division, Bangladesh...
  50. ncbi request reprint Safety and effect of chlorhexidine skin cleansing on skin flora of neonates in Bangladesh
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 26:492-5. 2007
    ..This study examined the impact of a single skin cleansing of hospitalized newborn infants in Bangladesh with baby wipes containing 0.25% chlorhexidine on both qualitative and quantitative skin flora...
  51. doi request reprint Can mothers recognize neonatal illness correctly? Comparison of maternal report and assessment by community health workers in rural Bangladesh
    Y Choi
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 15:743-53. 2010
    ..To validate maternal recognition of neonatal illnesses at home compared to assessment by community health workers (CHWs) during routine household surveillance for neonatal illness in rural Bangladesh...
  52. pmc Effect of timing of first postnatal care home visit on neonatal mortality in Bangladesh: a observational cohort study
    Abdullah H Baqui
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    BMJ 339:b2826. 2009
    ..To assess the effect of the timing of first postnatal home visit by community health workers on neonatal mortality...
  53. pmc Cost-effectiveness of skin-barrier-enhancing emollients among preterm infants in Bangladesh
    Amnesty Lefevre
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, United States of America
    Bull World Health Organ 88:104-12. 2010
    ....
  54. pmc Neonatal hypothermia and associated risk factors among newborns of southern Nepal
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N, Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    BMC Med 8:43. 2010
    ..Estimates of association between neonatal hypothermia in the community and risk factors are needed to guide the design of interventions to reduce exposure...
  55. pmc Verbal autopsy methods to ascertain birth asphyxia deaths in a community-based setting in southern Nepal
    Anne C C Lee
    International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Pediatrics 121:e1372-80. 2008
    ....
  56. doi request reprint Neonatal health program management in a resource-constrained setting in rural Uttar Pradesh, India
    Abigail Thomas
    Department of International Health, International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Int J Health Plann Manage 24:173-84. 2009
    ....
  57. pmc Linking families and facilities for care at birth: what works to avert intrapartum-related deaths?
    Anne C C Lee
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 107:S65-85, S86-8. 2009
    ..Delays in receiving effective care during labor and at birth may be fatal for the mother and fetus, contributing to 2 million annual intrapartum stillbirths and intrapartum-related neonatal deaths each year...
  58. pmc Reducing stillbirths: interventions during labour
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 9:S6. 2009
    ..The evidence for impact of intrapartum interventions on stillbirth and perinatal mortality outcomes has not yet been systematically examined...
  59. doi request reprint Effect of community-based behaviour change management on neonatal mortality in Shivgarh, Uttar Pradesh, India: a cluster-randomised controlled trial
    Vishwajeet Kumar
    International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Lancet 372:1151-62. 2008
    ..We developed an intervention of behaviour change management, with a focus on prevention of hypothermia, aimed at modifying practices and reducing neonatal mortality...
  60. pmc Young maternal age and the risk of neonatal mortality in rural Nepal
    Vandana Sharma
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205 2103, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 162:828-35. 2008
    ..To investigate the relationship between adolescent pregnancy and neonatal mortality in a nutritionally deprived population in rural Nepal, and to determine mechanisms through which low maternal age may affect neonatal mortality...
  61. ncbi request reprint Infection control practices reduce nosocomial infections and mortality in preterm infants in Bangladesh
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Perinatol 25:331-5. 2005
    ..In the initial months of the study, the infection and mortality rates were noted to be unacceptably high. Therefore, an infection control program was introduced early in the trial to reduce the rate of nosocomial infections...
  62. pmc Community-based validation of assessment of newborn illnesses by trained community health workers in Sylhet district of Bangladesh
    Abdullah H Baqui
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 14:1448-56. 2009
    ..To validate trained community health workers' recognition of signs and symptoms of newborn illnesses and classification of illnesses using a clinical algorithm during routine home visits in rural Bangladesh...
  63. doi request reprint Chlorhexidine cleansing of the umbilical cord and separation time: a cluster-randomized trial
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Pediatrics 131:708-15. 2013
    ..We aimed to quantify the impact of this intervention on cord separation time and the implications of such an increase on maternal and other caretaker's acceptance of chlorhexidine in future scaled up programs...
  64. pmc Topical applications of chlorhexidine to the umbilical cord for prevention of omphalitis and neonatal mortality in southern Nepal: a community-based, cluster-randomised trial
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21211, USA
    Lancet 367:910-8. 2006
    ..Omphalitis contributes to neonatal morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Umbilical cord cleansing with antiseptics might reduce infection and mortality risk, but has not been rigorously investigated...
  65. pmc Neonatal resuscitation and immediate newborn assessment and stimulation for the prevention of neonatal deaths: a systematic review, meta-analysis and Delphi estimation of mortality effect
    Anne C C Lee
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    BMC Public Health 11:S12. 2011
    ..03 million from complications of prematurity. No systematic assessment of mortality reduction from tactile stimulation or resuscitation has been published...
  66. ncbi request reprint Neonatal home care practices in rural Egypt during the first week of life
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Hygiene and Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 12:783-97. 2007
    ..To provide information about home care practices for newborns in rural Egypt, in order to improve neonatal home care through preventive measures and prompt recognition of danger signs...
  67. pmc Incidence of and risk factors for neonatal respiratory depression and encephalopathy in rural Sarlahi, Nepal
    Anne C C Lee
    Department of International Health, International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Pediatrics 128:e915-24. 2011
    ..To characterize the incidence of, risk factors for, and neonatal morbidity and mortality associated with respiratory depression at birth and neonatal encephalopathy (NE) among term infants in a developing country...
  68. ncbi request reprint Determination of extended-interval gentamicin dosing for neonatal patients in developing countries
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 26:501-7. 2007
    ..Infectious diseases account for an estimated 36% of neonatal deaths globally. The purpose of this study was to determine safe, effective, simplified dosing regimens of gentamicin for treatment of neonatal sepsis in developing countries...
  69. doi request reprint NGO facilitation of a government community-based maternal and neonatal health programme in rural India: improvements in equity
    Abdullah H Baqui
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Suite E 8138, 615 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Health Policy Plan 23:234-43. 2008
    ..Programmes need to identify and address barriers to universal coverage and care utilization, particularly in the poorest segments of the population...
  70. doi request reprint Community-based stillbirth rates and risk factors in rural Sarlahi, Nepal
    Anne C Lee
    International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, USA
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 113:199-204. 2011
    ..To assess stillbirth rates and antepartum risk factors in rural Nepal...
  71. doi request reprint Saving newborn lives in Asia and Africa: cost and impact of phased scale-up of interventions within the continuum of care
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, E8153, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Health Policy Plan 23:101-17. 2008
    ....
  72. pmc Incidence and seasonality of hypothermia among newborns in southern Nepal
    Luke C Mullany
    International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 N Wolfe St, Ste E8646, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 164:71-7. 2010
    ..To quantify incidence, age distribution, and seasonality of neonatal hypothermia among a large population cohort...
  73. ncbi request reprint Impact of umbilical cord cleansing with 4.0% chlorhexidine on time to cord separation among newborns in southern Nepal: a cluster-randomized, community-based trial
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 N Wolfe St, W5009, Baltimore, MD 21211, USA
    Pediatrics 118:1864-71. 2006
    ..0% chlorhexidine on omphalitis and mortality risk, we aimed to describe the distribution of times to separation and the impact of topical chlorhexidine treatment on cord-separation times...
  74. pmc Risk of mortality subsequent to umbilical cord infection among newborns of southern Nepal: cord infection and mortality
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 28:17-20. 2009
    ..We compared the risk of mortality between infants with and without signs of umbilical cord infection during a community-based trial of chlorhexidine interventions in southern Nepal...
  75. pmc Levels, timing, and etiology of stillbirths in Sylhet district of Bangladesh
    Abdullah H Baqui
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 11:25. 2011
    ..Our study objective was to estimate the levels, types, and causes of stillbirth in rural Sylhet district of Bangladesh...
  76. pmc Reducing stillbirths: screening and monitoring during pregnancy and labour
    Rachel A Haws
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 9:S5. 2009
    ..2 million estimated annual stillbirths, as well as minimise maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality...
  77. doi request reprint Risk factors for sclerema neonatorum in preterm neonates in Bangladesh
    Amna Zeb
    Department of International Health, International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 28:435-8. 2009
    ..This study presents a retrospective analysis of risk factors for sclerema neonatorum in preterm neonates in Bangladesh...
  78. pmc Breast-feeding patterns, time to initiation, and mortality risk among newborns in southern Nepal
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Nutr 138:599-603. 2008
    ..Community-based breast-feeding promotion programs should remain a priority, with renewed emphasis on early initiation in addition to exclusiveness and duration of breast-feeding...
  79. pmc Extended-interval dosing of gentamicin for treatment of neonatal sepsis in developed and developing countries
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 26:163-82. 2008
    ..5 mg (absolute dose) every 24 hours for neonates of >2,500 g, 10 mg every 24 hours for neonates of 2,000-2,499 g, and 10 mg every 48 hours for neonates of <2,000 g...
  80. pmc Risk factors for umbilical cord infection among newborns of southern Nepal
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21211, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 165:203-11. 2007
    ..In addition to topical antiseptics, simple, low-cost interventions such as hand washing, skin-to-skin contact, and avoiding unclean cord applications should be promoted by community-based health workers...
  81. pmc Effect of knowledge of community health workers on essential newborn health care: a study from rural India
    Praween K Agrawal
    International Planned Parenthood Federation South Asia Regional Office IPPF SARO, New Delhi, India
    Health Policy Plan 27:115-26. 2012
    ....
  82. pmc Safety and impact of chlorhexidine antisepsis interventions for improving neonatal health in developing countries
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21211, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 25:665-75. 2006
    ..Efficacy trials for all chlorhexidine interventions are needed in low-resource settings in Africa, and the benefit of maternal vaginal cleansing beyond that provided by newborn skin cleansing needs to be determined...
  83. doi request reprint Risk of mortality associated with neonatal hypothermia in southern Nepal
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 164:650-6. 2010
    ..To quantify the neonatal mortality/hypothermia relationship and develop evidence-based cutoffs for global definitions of neonatal hypothermia...
  84. ncbi request reprint Evidence-based, cost-effective interventions: how many newborn babies can we save?
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Lancet 365:977-88. 2005
    ..Simultaneous expansion of clinical care for babies and mothers is essential to achieve the reduction in neonatal deaths needed to meet the Millennium Development Goal for child survival...
  85. pmc Traditional massage of newborns in Nepal: implications for trials of improved practice
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Trop Pediatr 51:82-6. 2005
    ....
  86. pmc Role of antimicrobial applications to the umbilical cord in neonates to prevent bacterial colonization and infection: a review of the evidence
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe Street, Room W5009, Baltimore, MD 21205 2103, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 22:996-1002. 2003
    ..The paucity of published reports from developing countries indicates the need to investigate the impact of antimicrobial applications on cord and systemic infections in a community-based, prospective manner...
  87. pmc Advancing the state of the world's newborns
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Office of Health, Save the Children Federation US, Seattle, WA 98115, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 81:224-5. 2003
  88. ncbi request reprint Research priorities for the reduction of perinatal and neonatal morbidity and mortality in developing country communities
    William Moss
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Perinatol 22:484-95. 2002
    ....
  89. ncbi request reprint Topically applied sunflower seed oil prevents invasive bacterial infections in preterm infants in Egypt: a randomized, controlled clinical trial
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 23:719-25. 2004
    ....
  90. pmc Keratinocyte expression of human beta defensin 2 following bacterial infection: role in cutaneous host defense
    James G H Dinulos
    Division of Dermatology, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Clin Diagn Lab Immunol 10:161-6. 2003
    ..Induction of expression of hbetaD-2 but relative tolerance to it may enable S. epidermidis to survive on the skin surface and modulate hbetaD-2 expression when the stratum corneum barrier is disrupted...
  91. ncbi request reprint Impact of packaged interventions on neonatal health: a review of the evidence
    Rachel A Haws
    Department of International Health, E8153, Bloomberg School of Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Health Policy Plan 22:193-215. 2007
    ..Significant investment in effectiveness trials carefully tailored to local health needs and conducted at scale in developing countries is required...
  92. ncbi request reprint Incidence and risk factors for newborn umbilical cord infections on Pemba Island, Zanzibar, Tanzania
    Luke C Mullany
    Department of International Health, John Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 28:503-9. 2009
    ..We developed simple sign-based definitions of omphalitis and estimated incidence and risk factors for infection over a range of severity among neonates in Pemba, Zanzibar, Tanzania...
  93. doi request reprint "These are not good things for other people to know": how rural Tanzanian women's experiences of pregnancy loss and early neonatal death may impact survey data quality
    Rachel A Haws
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205, United States
    Soc Sci Med 71:1764-72. 2010
    ....
  94. pmc Review of domiciliary newborn-care practices in Bangladesh
    Gary L Darmstadt
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 24:380-93. 2006
    ....
  95. ncbi request reprint Childhood disability in low- and middle-income countries: overview of screening, prevention, services, legislation, and epidemiology
    Pallab K Maulik
    Department of Mental Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Pediatrics 120:S1-55. 2007
    ..Despite the large burden on child development, family life, and economics, research in the area of childhood disability is woefully inadequate, especially from low- and middle-income countries...