T A Wills

Summary

Affiliation: Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi How are social support effects mediated? A test with parental support and adolescent substance use
    T A Wills
    Ferkauf Graduate School of Psychology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York 10461, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 71:937-52. 1996
  2. ncbi Temperament and adolescent substance use: a transactional analysis of emerging self-control
    Thomas Ashby Wills
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
    J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 33:69-81. 2004
  3. ncbi Role of parent support and peer support in adolescent substance use: a test of mediated effects
    Thomas Ashby Wills
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 18:122-34. 2004
  4. ncbi Family communication and religiosity related to substance use and sexual behavior in early adolescence: a test for pathways through self-control and prototype perceptions
    Thomas Ashby Wills
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, Bronx, NY, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 17:312-23. 2003
  5. ncbi Smoking onset in adolescence: a person-centered analysis with time-varying predictors
    Thomas Ashby Wills
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
    Health Psychol 23:158-67. 2004
  6. ncbi Behavioral and emotional self-control: relations to substance use in samples of middle and high school students
    Thomas A Wills
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 1300 Morris Park Avenue, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 20:265-78. 2006
  7. ncbi Ethnic pride and self-control related to protective and risk factors: test of the theoretical model for the strong African American families program
    Thomas A Wills
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
    Health Psychol 26:50-9. 2007
  8. ncbi Self-control, symptomatology, and substance use precursors: test of a theoretical model in a community sample of 9-year-old children
    Thomas A Wills
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 21:205-15. 2007
  9. ncbi Movie exposure to smoking cues and adolescent smoking onset: a test for mediation through peer affiliations
    Thomas A Wills
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, 1300 Morris Park Avenue, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
    Health Psychol 26:769-76. 2007
  10. pmc Self-control constructs related to measures of dietary intake and physical activity in adolescents
    Thomas A Wills
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, Bronx, New York 10461, USA
    J Adolesc Health 41:551-8. 2007

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications26

  1. ncbi How are social support effects mediated? A test with parental support and adolescent substance use
    T A Wills
    Ferkauf Graduate School of Psychology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York 10461, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 71:937-52. 1996
    ..Implications for the theory of social support effects and resilience mechanisms are discussed...
  2. ncbi Temperament and adolescent substance use: a transactional analysis of emerging self-control
    Thomas Ashby Wills
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
    J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 33:69-81. 2004
    ..We also suggest that temperament and self-control moderate links between parenting, peer associations, and substance use. Implications of the transactional model for clinical intervention and research are discussed...
  3. ncbi Role of parent support and peer support in adolescent substance use: a test of mediated effects
    Thomas Ashby Wills
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 18:122-34. 2004
    ..The mediators had pathways to substance use through positive and negative recent events and through peer affiliations. Effects for gender and ethnicity were also noted. Mechanisms of operation for parent and peer support are discussed...
  4. ncbi Family communication and religiosity related to substance use and sexual behavior in early adolescence: a test for pathways through self-control and prototype perceptions
    Thomas Ashby Wills
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, Bronx, NY, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 17:312-23. 2003
    ..Effects were also found for gender, parental education, and temperament characteristics. Implications for self-control theory and prevention research are discussed...
  5. ncbi Smoking onset in adolescence: a person-centered analysis with time-varying predictors
    Thomas Ashby Wills
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
    Health Psychol 23:158-67. 2004
    ..The results generally support a contextual model of the onset process...
  6. ncbi Behavioral and emotional self-control: relations to substance use in samples of middle and high school students
    Thomas A Wills
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 1300 Morris Park Avenue, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 20:265-78. 2006
    ..The results indicate that both types of self-regulation are relevant for adolescent substance use. Implications for prevention and treatment research are discussed...
  7. ncbi Ethnic pride and self-control related to protective and risk factors: test of the theoretical model for the strong African American families program
    Thomas A Wills
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
    Health Psychol 26:50-9. 2007
    ..To test a theoretical model of how ethnic pride and self-control are related to risk and protective factors...
  8. ncbi Self-control, symptomatology, and substance use precursors: test of a theoretical model in a community sample of 9-year-old children
    Thomas A Wills
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 21:205-15. 2007
    ..Multiple-group analyses indicated gender differences in paths from symptomatology to predisposing factors. Implications for understanding vulnerability to substance use are discussed...
  9. ncbi Movie exposure to smoking cues and adolescent smoking onset: a test for mediation through peer affiliations
    Thomas A Wills
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, 1300 Morris Park Avenue, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
    Health Psychol 26:769-76. 2007
    ..To determine whether the effect of movie exposure to smoking on adolescent smoking onset is mediated through increased affiliation with peers who smoke...
  10. pmc Self-control constructs related to measures of dietary intake and physical activity in adolescents
    Thomas A Wills
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, Bronx, New York 10461, USA
    J Adolesc Health 41:551-8. 2007
    ..To test self-regulation concepts in relation to dietary intake and physical activity patterns in adolescence, which we predicted to be influenced by components of a self-control model...
  11. pmc Movie smoking exposure and smoking onset: a longitudinal study of mediation processes in a representative sample of U.S. adolescents
    Thomas A Wills
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 22:269-77. 2008
    ..Tests for gender differences indicated that girls showed larger effects of movie exposure for some variables. Implications for policy and prevention research are discussed...
  12. ncbi Buffering effect of religiosity for adolescent substance use
    Thomas Ashby Wills
    Department of Epidemiology and Social Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, Bronx, New York 10461, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 17:24-31. 2003
    ..Implications for further research on religiosity and substance use are discussed...
  13. ncbi The role of self-control in early escalation of substance use: a time-varying analysis
    Thomas Ashby Wills
    Department of Epidemiology and Social Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, Bronx, New York 10461, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 70:986-97. 2002
    ..Results in self-report data were corroborated by independent teacher ratings. Findings are discussed with reference to epigenetic models of protection and vulnerability...
  14. ncbi Moderators of the relation between substance use level and problems: test of a self-regulation model in middle adolescence
    Thomas Ashby Wills
    Ferkauf Graduate School of Psychology and Department of Epidemiology and Social Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, Bronx, New York 10461, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 111:3-21. 2002
    ..Moderation effects were also found for parental variables, peer variables, and academic competence...
  15. ncbi Temperament and novelty seeking in adolescent substance use: convergence of dimensions of temperament with constructs from Cloninger's theory
    T A Wills
    Ferkauf Graduate School of Psychology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York 10461, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 74:387-406. 1998
    ..Results are discussed with reference to self-regulation models of substance use and the comorbidity of substance abuse and mental disorder...
  16. ncbi Cloninger's constructs related to substance use level and problems in late adolescence: a mediational model based on self-control and coping motives
    T A Wills
    Ferkauf Graduate School of Psychology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, Bronx, New York 10461, USA
    Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 7:122-34. 1999
    ..Coping motives had a path to level and a direct path to problems; peer affiliations had a path only to substance use level...
  17. ncbi Peer and adolescent substance use among 6th-9th graders: latent growth analyses of influence versus selection mechanisms
    T A Wills
    Ferkauf Graduate School of Psychology and the Department of Epidemiology and Social Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Yeshiva University, Bronx, New York 10461, USA
    Health Psychol 18:453-63. 1999
    ..It is concluded that peer influence is the primary mechanism during middle adolescence. Temperament-related attributes may be predisposing to early experimentation and deviant-peer affiliations...
  18. ncbi Protection and vulnerability processes relevant for early onset of substance use: a test among African American children
    T A Wills
    Health Psychology Training Program, Ferkauf Graduate School of Psychology, and Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Yeshiva University, Bronx, New York 10461, USA
    Health Psychol 19:253-63. 2000
    ..Findings are discussed with reference to theoretical models of early protection and vulnerability processes...
  19. ncbi Temperament and adolescent substance use: an epigenetic approach to risk and protection
    T A Wills
    Ferkauf Graduate School of Psychology and Department of Epidemiology and Social Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
    J Pers 68:1127-51. 2000
    ..In a final section, we discuss implications for the study of problem behavior and psychopathology...
  20. ncbi Coping dimensions, life stress, and adolescent substance use: a latent growth analysis
    T A Wills
    Ferkauf Graduate School of Psychology and Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Yeshiva University, Bronx, New York 10461, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 110:309-23. 2001
    ..Effects of life stress were greater for girls than for boys. Results are discussed with reference to mechanisms of coping-substance use relationships...
  21. ncbi Family risk factors and adolescent substance use: moderation effects for temperament dimensions
    T A Wills
    Health Psychology Training Program, Ferkauf Graduate School of Psychology and Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, Bronx, New York 10461, USA
    Dev Psychol 37:283-97. 2001
    ..Results from self-report data were corroborated by independent teacher reports...
  22. ncbi Time perspective and early-onset substance use: a model based on stress-coping theory
    T A Wills
    Health Psychology Training Program, Ferkauf Graduate School of Psychology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, 1300 Morris Park Avenue, Bronx, New York 10461, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 15:118-25. 2001
    ..Proximal factors for substance use were negative affect, peer substance use, and resistance efficacy. Results are discussed with respect to epigenetic models and the role of executive functions in self-control ability...
  23. ncbi Temperament related to early-onset substance use: test of a developmental model
    T A Wills
    Ferkauf Graduate School of Psychology of Yeshiva University, Bronx, New York, USA
    Prev Sci 2:145-63. 2001
    ..Findings from self-report data were corroborated by independent teacher ratings. Effects were also noted for family variables and demographic characteristics. Implications of epigenetic theory for prevention research are discussed...
  24. pmc Good self-control as a buffering agent for adolescent substance use: an investigation in early adolescence with time-varying covariates
    Thomas A Wills
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 22:459-71. 2008
    ..Buffering was found in cross-sectional analyses with multiple regression and in longitudinal analyses in a latent growth model with time-varying covariates. Implications for addressing self-control in prevention programs are discussed...
  25. ncbi Context and cognitions: environmental risk, social influence, and adolescent substance use
    Frederick X Gibbons
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames 50011, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 30:1048-61. 2004
    ..Also, context moderated the relation between willingness and use (the relation was stronger in high-risk neighborhoods) but it did not moderate the intentions to use relation...
  26. ncbi The Strong African American Families Program: a cluster-randomized prevention trial of long-term effects and a mediational model
    Gene H Brody
    Department of Child and Family Development, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602 4527, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 74:356-66. 2006
    ..Intervention-induced changes in youth protective factors mediated the effect of group assignment on long-term changes in use...

Research Grants4

  1. YOUNG CHILDREN'S VULNERABILITY TO SUBSTANCE USE
    Thomas Wills; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  2. Religiosity and Adolescent Alcohol Use
    Thomas Wills; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The results will have implications for understanding the mechanism of relationships between religiosity and alcohol use, and will have implications for design of prevention programs in school or community settings. ..
  3. The Project Success Model: Evaluation of a Tiered Intervention
    Thomas Wills; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....