Agricultural Research Service

Summary

Organization: Agricultural Research Service
Country: USA

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Effect of refrigerating delayed shipments of raw ground beef on the detection of Salmonella Typhimurium
    Neelam Narang
    Eastern Regional Research Center, Microbial Food Safety Research Unit, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA
    J Food Prot 68:1581-6. 2005
  2. ncbi Current developments in avian influenza vaccines, including safety of vaccinated birds as food
    D E Swayne
    Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, Department of Agriculture, Athens, Georgia 30605, USA
    Dev Biol (Basel) 130:123-33. 2007
  3. doi Effects of osmolality on inner mitochondrial transmembrane potential and ATP content in spermatozoa recovered from the testes of striped bass (Morone saxatilis)
    H D Guthrie
    Animal Biosciences and Biotechnology Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
    Theriogenology 69:1007-12. 2008
  4. doi Angiotensin I converting enzyme-inhibitory peptides from commercial wet- and dry-milled corn germ
    Nicholas Parris
    Eastern Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 56:2620-3. 2008
  5. ncbi Susceptibility of Aedes aegypti, Culex quinquefasciatus Say, and Anopheles quadrimaculatus Say to 19 pesticides with different modes of action
    Julia W Pridgeon
    Center for Medical, Agricultural, and Veterinary Entomology, USDA ARS, Gainesville, FL 32608, USA
    J Med Entomol 45:82-7. 2008
  6. doi Genomic sequence analysis of a fast-killing isolate of Spodoptera frugiperda multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus
    Robert L Harrison
    Agricultural Research Service, Plant Sciences Institute, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
    J Gen Virol 89:775-90. 2008
  7. pmc Extensive simple sequence repeat genotyping of potato landraces supports a major reevaluation of their gene pool structure and classification
    David M Spooner
    Vegetable Crops Research Unit, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, Department of Horticulture, University of Wisconsin, 1575 Linden Drive, Madison, WI 53706 1590, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:19398-403. 2007
  8. ncbi Wheat kernel black point and fumonisin contamination by Fusarium proliferatum
    A E Desjardins
    National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research, Agricultural Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Peoria, IL 61604, USA
    Food Addit Contam 24:1131-7. 2007
  9. ncbi Growth and pubertal development of F1 bulls from Hereford, Angus, Norwegian Red, Swedish Red and White, Friesian, and Wagyu sires
    E Casas
    US Meat Animal Research Center, USDA, ARS, Clay Center, NE 68933, USA
    J Anim Sci 85:2904-9. 2007
  10. ncbi The Stagonospora nodorum-wheat pathosystem involves multiple proteinaceous host-selective toxins and corresponding host sensitivity genes that interact in an inverse gene-for-gene manner
    Timothy L Friesen
    USDA ARS, Cereal Crop Research Unit, Red River Valley Agricultural Research Center, 1307 N 18th Street, Fargo, ND 58105, USA
    Plant J 51:681-92. 2007

Detail Information

Publications62

  1. ncbi Effect of refrigerating delayed shipments of raw ground beef on the detection of Salmonella Typhimurium
    Neelam Narang
    Eastern Regional Research Center, Microbial Food Safety Research Unit, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA
    J Food Prot 68:1581-6. 2005
    ....
  2. ncbi Current developments in avian influenza vaccines, including safety of vaccinated birds as food
    D E Swayne
    Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, Department of Agriculture, Athens, Georgia 30605, USA
    Dev Biol (Basel) 130:123-33. 2007
    ....
  3. doi Effects of osmolality on inner mitochondrial transmembrane potential and ATP content in spermatozoa recovered from the testes of striped bass (Morone saxatilis)
    H D Guthrie
    Animal Biosciences and Biotechnology Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
    Theriogenology 69:1007-12. 2008
    ....
  4. doi Angiotensin I converting enzyme-inhibitory peptides from commercial wet- and dry-milled corn germ
    Nicholas Parris
    Eastern Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 56:2620-3. 2008
    ....
  5. ncbi Susceptibility of Aedes aegypti, Culex quinquefasciatus Say, and Anopheles quadrimaculatus Say to 19 pesticides with different modes of action
    Julia W Pridgeon
    Center for Medical, Agricultural, and Veterinary Entomology, USDA ARS, Gainesville, FL 32608, USA
    J Med Entomol 45:82-7. 2008
    ....
  6. doi Genomic sequence analysis of a fast-killing isolate of Spodoptera frugiperda multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus
    Robert L Harrison
    Agricultural Research Service, Plant Sciences Institute, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
    J Gen Virol 89:775-90. 2008
    ..Variant genotypes with deletions extending around the egt gene have been reported previously from a Nicaraguan field isolate of SfMNPV, suggesting that the presence of such variants is a common feature of SfMNPV populations...
  7. pmc Extensive simple sequence repeat genotyping of potato landraces supports a major reevaluation of their gene pool structure and classification
    David M Spooner
    Vegetable Crops Research Unit, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, Department of Horticulture, University of Wisconsin, 1575 Linden Drive, Madison, WI 53706 1590, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:19398-403. 2007
    ..curtilobum (pentaploid). For other classifications, consistent and stable identifications are impossible, and their classification as species is artificial and only maintains the confusion of users of the gene banks and literature...
  8. ncbi Wheat kernel black point and fumonisin contamination by Fusarium proliferatum
    A E Desjardins
    National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research, Agricultural Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Peoria, IL 61604, USA
    Food Addit Contam 24:1131-7. 2007
    ..The data indicate a potential for fumonisin contamination of wheat infected with F. proliferatum...
  9. ncbi Growth and pubertal development of F1 bulls from Hereford, Angus, Norwegian Red, Swedish Red and White, Friesian, and Wagyu sires
    E Casas
    US Meat Animal Research Center, USDA, ARS, Clay Center, NE 68933, USA
    J Anim Sci 85:2904-9. 2007
    ..6 x 10(9) +/- 0.9 x 10(9) per testis pair). Growth of bulls with Wagyu inheritance was slower, and bulls with Wagyu or Scandinavian inheritance reach puberty at an older age than bulls with Angus inheritance...
  10. ncbi The Stagonospora nodorum-wheat pathosystem involves multiple proteinaceous host-selective toxins and corresponding host sensitivity genes that interact in an inverse gene-for-gene manner
    Timothy L Friesen
    USDA ARS, Cereal Crop Research Unit, Red River Valley Agricultural Research Center, 1307 N 18th Street, Fargo, ND 58105, USA
    Plant J 51:681-92. 2007
    ..nodorum whole genome sequence indicate the potential for this pathosystem to serve as a toxin-based, inverse gene-for-gene model...
  11. ncbi Ecdysteroids and juvenile hormones of whiteflies, important insect vectors for plant viruses
    Dale B Gelman
    Insect Biocontrol Laboratory, USDA, ARS, PSI, Rm 214, Bldg 011A, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
    J Insect Physiol 53:274-84. 2007
    ..Approximately, 1.4 fg/2nd-3rd instar nymph (0.36 ng/g) was detected. It is probable that the relatively high level of JH in day 2/3 eggs is associated with the differentiation of various whitefly tissues during embryonic development...
  12. ncbi Overview and summary of the Food Safety and Inspection Service risk assessment for Salmonella enteritidis in shell eggs, October 2005
    Carl M Schroeder
    Office of Public Health Science, Risk Assessment Division, Food Safety and Inspection Service, U S Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC 20250 3700, USA
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 3:403-12. 2006
    ..As a result, rapid cooling and pasteurization of shell eggs were predicted to be highly effective mitigations for reducing illnesses from consumption of S. Enteritidis in shell eggs...
  13. ncbi Development of food intake patterns for the MyPyramid Food Guidance System
    Patricia Britten
    USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion, Alexandria, VA 22302, USA
    J Nutr Educ Behav 38:S78-92. 2006
    ..The purpose of this research was to design food intake patterns based on typical American food selections that would meet Dietary Guidelines and Dietary Reference Intake recommendations...
  14. pmc Isolation of Salmonella enterica and Shiga-toxigenic Escherichia coli O157 from feces of animals in public contact areas of United States zoological parks
    James E Keen
    U S Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service, U S Meat Animal Research Center, P O Box 166, Clay Center, NE 68933, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 73:362-5. 2007
    ..The prevalence was less than 0.6% for both zoonotic pathogens among 997 animals sampled at 36 exhibits...
  15. doi The effect of chilling in cold air or ice water on the microbiological quality of broiler carcasses and the population of Campylobacter
    M E Berrang
    USDA Agricultural Research Service Russell Research Center, 950 College Station Rd, Athens, GA 30604, USA
    Poult Sci 87:992-8. 2008
    ..Both methods were effective for lowering carcass temperature, and neither chilling method seemed to select for specific species, subtypes, or antimicrobial-resistant Campylobacter...
  16. doi Influence of level of supplemental whole flaxseed on forage intake and site and extent of digestion in beef heifers consuming native grass hay
    E Scholljegerdes
    Northern Great Plains Research Laboratory, USDA ARS, Mandan, ND 58554, USA
    J Anim Sci 86:2310-20. 2008
    ..82 kg/d of flaxseed does not appear to negatively influence nutrient digestibility of a forage-based diet and therefore can be used as an effective supplement to increase intestinal supply of key fatty acids important to human health...
  17. ncbi Development of a potential reference material for evaluating antioxidant activity
    Devanand L Luthria
    U S Department of Agriculture, Food Composition and Methods Development Laboratory, Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, Bldg 161, BARC E, 10300 Baltimore Ave, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
    J AOAC Int 91:506-10. 2008
    ..This mixture is currently being used for the single-laboratory validation study for the assay of total phenolic content by the Folin-Ciocalteu method and the antioxidant capacity by oxygen radical absorbing capacity procedure...
  18. doi Artificial diet optimized to produce normative adults of Diaprepes abbreviatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)
    Stephen L Lapointe
    USDA ARS, US Horticultural Research Laboratory, 2001 South Rock Rd, Ft Pierce, FL 34945, USA
    Environ Entomol 39:670-7. 2010
    ..The analyses of all the variables measured indicate that cottonseed meal is the only major nutritive component, in addition to standard vitamin and salt mixes, required to produce adult D. abbreviatus of normative weight...
  19. doi Larval stage Lymantria dispar microRNAs differentially expressed in response to parasitization by Glyptapanteles flavicoxis parasitoid
    D E Gundersen-Rindal
    US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Invasive Insect Biocontrol and Behavior Laboratory, 10300 Baltimore Avenue, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
    Arch Virol 155:783-7. 2010
    ..Certain cellular miRNAs were differentially expressed in larval tissues, such as the potentially developmentally linked mir-277, signifying a need for functional studies...
  20. ncbi Use of chemical sanitizers to reduce microbial populations and maintain quality of whole and fresh-cut cantaloupe
    Xuetong Fan
    U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA
    J Food Prot 72:2453-60. 2009
    ....
  21. doi Administration of copper oxide wire particles in a capsule or feed for gastrointestinal nematode control in goats
    J M Burke
    Dale Bumpers Small Farms Research Center, USDA, ARS, Booneville, AR 72927, USA
    Vet Parasitol 168:346-50. 2010
    ..03). In summary, it appeared that COWP in the feed was as effective as COWP in a gelatin capsule to reduce FEC in goats. COWP administration may have a limited effect where H. contortus is not the predominant nematode...
  22. doi Socialized medicine: individual and communal disease barriers in honey bees
    Jay D Evans
    USDA ARS Bee Research Lab, BARC East Bldg 476, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
    J Invertebr Pathol 103:S62-72. 2010
    ..We discuss how human efforts to maintain healthy colonies intersect with similar efforts by the bees, and how bee management and breeding protocols can affect disease traits in the short and long term...
  23. doi A two-locus DNA sequence database for typing plant and human pathogens within the Fusarium oxysporum species complex
    Kerry O'Donnell
    Microbial Genomics Research Unit, Agricultural Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Peoria, IL 61604, USA
    Fungal Genet Biol 46:936-48. 2009
    ..We also evaluated enniatin, fumonisin and moniliformin mycotoxin production in vitro within a phylogenetic framework...
  24. ncbi Prevalence of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in ileocecal lymph nodes and on hides and carcasses from cull cows and fed cattle at commercial beef processing plants in the United States
    J E Wells
    U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, U S Meat Animal Research Center, Clay Center, Nebraska 68933 0166, USA
    J Food Prot 72:1457-62. 2009
    ..Based on this study, fed cattle carcasses are unlikely sources of MAP, and carcasses at cull cow plants have only a slight risk for transmitting viable MAP, due to current interventions...
  25. doi Why museums matter: a tale of pinworms (Oxyuroidea: Heteroxynematidae) among pikas (Ochotona princeps and O. collaris) in the American west
    E P Hoberg
    U S National Parasite Collection, Animal Parasitic Diseases Laboratory, U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, BARC East 1180, 10300 Baltimore Avenue, Beltsville, Maryland 20705 2350, USA
    J Parasitol 95:490-501. 2009
    ....
  26. ncbi Improved DNA barcoding method for Bemisia tabaci and related Aleyrodidae: development of universal and Bemisia tabaci biotype-specific mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase I polymerase chain reaction primers
    Robert G Shatters
    United States Department of Agriculture, U S Horticultural Research Laboratory, Fort Pierce, FL 34945, USA
    J Econ Entomol 102:750-8. 2009
    ..By combining these primers and using rapid PCR and electrophoretic techniques, biotype determination can be made within 3 h for up to 96 samples at a time...
  27. doi Effects of spontaneous heating on fiber composition, fiber digestibility, and in situ disappearance kinetics of neutral detergent fiber for alfalfa-orchardgrass hays
    W K Coblentz
    USDA ARS, US Dairy Forage Research Center, Marshfield, WI 54449, USA
    J Dairy Sci 92:2875-95. 2009
    ..However, it was equally apparent that these effects were offset by an expanding pool of dry matter recovered as potentially degradable NDF...
  28. doi Exenatide improves hypertension in a rat model of the metabolic syndrome
    Kevin D Laugero
    Amylin Pharmaceuticals Inc, San Diego, California, USA
    Metab Syndr Relat Disord 7:327-34. 2009
    ..However, there are limited studies testing the chronic effects of these peptides on arterial pressure and no reports showing the effects of these peptides to reverse hypertension in the context of the metabolic syndrome...
  29. doi EST, COSII, and arbitrary gene markers give similar estimates of nucleotide diversity in cultivated tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.)
    Joanne A Labate
    USDA ARS Plant Genetic Resources Unit, 630 W North Street, Geneva, NY 14456, USA
    Theor Appl Genet 118:1005-14. 2009
    ..Furthermore, TA496 shared its haplotype with at least one other line at 11 of the 15 markers. These data demonstrate that public EST databases and noncoding regions are a valuable source of unbiased SNP markers in tomato...
  30. doi Host plant influence on susceptibility of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) to insecticides
    S J Castle
    USDA ARS, Arid Land Agricultural Research Center, Maricopa, AZ, USA
    Bull Entomol Res 99:263-73. 2009
    ..crops, compared to cantaloupes or cotton, point to statistically significant host-plant influences that are expressed in both field-collected and greenhouse-reared populations of whiteflies...
  31. ncbi Fluorescence characteristics of wholesome and unwholesome chicken carcasses
    Moon S Kim
    Instrumentation and Sensing Laboratory, Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, Maryland 20705, USA
    Appl Spectrosc 60:1210-6. 2006
    ..1% and 94.8% accuracies, respectively. On-line implementation of fluorescence techniques for the assessment of chicken carcass wholesomeness appears promising...
  32. ncbi Removing selenate from groundwater with a vegetable oil-based biobarrier
    William J Hunter
    USDA ARS, 2150 D Centre Avenue, Fort Collins, CO 80526 8119, USA
    Curr Microbiol 53:244-8. 2006
    ..In the final 6 weeks of the study, about 95% of the selenate applied to the columns was removed. In situ PRBs containing soybean oil might be used to remediate groundwater contaminated with both selenate and nitrate...
  33. ncbi An analysis of using entomopathogenic nematodes against above-ground pests
    S Arthurs
    Biological Control Laboratory, Department of Entomology, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 2475, USA
    Bull Entomol Res 94:297-306. 2004
    ....
  34. ncbi Effects of burial and soil condition on postharvest mortality of boll Weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in fallen cotton fruit
    S M Greenberg
    ARS USDA APMRU, Kika de la Garza Subtropical Research Center, 2413 East Highway 83, Weslaco, TX 78596, USA
    J Econ Entomol 97:409-13. 2004
    ....
  35. ncbi Transcriptional immune responses by honey bee larvae during invasion by the bacterial pathogen, Paenibacillus larvae
    Jay D Evans
    USDA ARS Bee Research Lab, Beltsville, MD 20705 USA
    J Invertebr Pathol 85:105-11. 2004
    ..The implications of these results for current hypotheses related to disease tolerance in social insects are discussed, along with implications for breeding bees resistant to this important disease...
  36. ncbi Neutralizing antibodies to African swine fever virus proteins p30, p54, and p72 are not sufficient for antibody-mediated protection
    J G Neilan
    Plum Island Animal Disease Center, Agricultural Research Service, USDA, Greenport, NY 11944, USA
    Virology 319:337-42. 2004
    ..These results indicate that neutralizing antibodies to these ASFV proteins are not sufficient for antibody-mediated protection...
  37. ncbi Changes in heat resistance resulting from pH and nutritional shifts of acid-adapted and non-acid-adapted Listeria monocytogenes Scott A
    Darrell O Bayles
    Microbial Food Safety Research Unit, Eastern Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA
    J Food Prot 67:316-21. 2004
    ..Such conditions should be considered to ensure that stressed pathogens in foods are destroyed or inactivated...
  38. ncbi Evaluation of the specificity of Salmonella PCR primers using various intestinal bacterial species
    C J Ziemer
    Swine Odor and Manure Management Research Unit, National Swine Research and Information Center, ARS, USDA, Ames, IA 50011, USA
    Lett Appl Microbiol 37:463-9. 2003
    ..Nine sets of PCR primers targeting Salmonella were evaluated for their specificity with pure cultures of intestinal-associated bacteria prior to their application to Salmonella detection in faecal samples...
  39. ncbi Complete sequence and characterization of the channel catfish mitochondrial genome
    Geoffrey C Waldbieser
    USDA, ARS, Catfish Genetics Research Unit, National Warmwater Aquaculture Center, Stoneville, Mississippi, MS 38776, USA
    DNA Seq 14:265-77. 2003
    ..Sequence analysis revealed clustering of haplotypes within commercial farms and the USDA103 research line, but D-loop haplotypes were not sufficient to discriminate the USDA103 fish from commercial catfish...
  40. ncbi Genetic evaluation of an index of birth weight and yearling weight to improve efficiency of beef production
    M D MacNeil
    USDA, ARS, Fort Keogh Livestock and Range Research Laboratory, Miles City, MT 59301, USA
    J Anim Sci 81:2425-33. 2003
    ..Results demonstrate that despite a genetic antagonism that compromises selection response for decreased birth weight and increased postnatal growth, favorable genetic responses can be achieved with the selection index used in this study...
  41. ncbi Toxoplasma gondii isolates of free-ranging chickens from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: mouse mortality, genotype, and oocyst shedding by cats
    J P Dubey
    Animal Parasitic Diseases Laboratory, Animal and Natural Resources Institute, United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Building 1001, Beltsville, Maryland 20705, USA
    J Parasitol 89:851-3. 2003
    ..Cats fed mice infected with 11 type I strains shed 19-535 million oocysts in their feces, indicating that type I isolates can circulate in the environment...
  42. ncbi Pathogen loads, clearance and plasma cortisol response in channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus (Rafinesque), following challenge with Edwardsiella ictaluri
    A L Bilodeau
    USDA ARS, Catfish Genetics Research Unit, Stoneville, Mississippi 38776, USA
    J Fish Dis 26:433-7. 2003
  43. ncbi Determination of total fat in milk- and soy-based infant formula powder by supercritical fluid extraction
    Denis E LaCroix
    U S Department of Agriculture, Food Composition Laboratory, Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center, 10300 Baltimore Blvd, Beltsville, MD 20705 2350, USA
    J AOAC Int 86:86-95. 2003
    ..The use of clearly defined DQOs to establish method performance characteristics, along with the commercially available reference material, provided the mechanism for verification and validation of analytical methodology...
  44. ncbi Immunoaffinity column as sample cleanup method for determination of the beta-adrenergic agonist ractopamine and its metabolites
    Weilin L Shelver
    U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Biosciences Research Laboratory, Fargo, ND 58105 5674, USA
    J AOAC Int 85:1302-7. 2002
    ..This IAC is a selective, efficient, and economical cleanup method in a variety of matrixes for ractopamine determination...
  45. pmc Prevalence and characterization of non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli on carcasses in commercial beef cattle processing plants
    Terrance M Arthur
    Roman L Hruska U S Meat Animal Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, Clay Center, Nebraska 68933 0166, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 68:4847-52. 2002
    ....
  46. ncbi Rheological and proteolytic properties of Monterey Jack goat's milk cheese during aging
    Diane L Van Hekken
    Dairy Processing and Products Research Unit, Eastern Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 52:5372-7. 2004
    ..Characterization of rheological and proteolytic properties of the goat's milk semihard cheese during aging provided insight into the changes occurring in the protein matrix, the relationship to structure, and a shift in cheese quality...
  47. pmc Antigen recognition by serum antibodies in white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) experimentally infected with Mycobacterium bovis
    W R Waters
    National Animal Disease Center, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Bacterial Diseases of Livestock Research Unit, Ames, IA 50010 0070, USA
    Clin Diagn Lab Immunol 11:849-55. 2004
    ..Of the 12 antigens tested, the most immunodominant protein was MPB83; however, a highly sensitive serodiagnostic test will likely require use of multiple antigens...
  48. ncbi Enzyme-linked immunomagnetic electrochemical detection of live Escherichia coli 0157:H7 in apple juice
    Andrew G Gehring
    US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA
    J Food Prot 68:146-9. 2005
    ..80 min. With adjustment of pH, the ELIME response for the bacteria in either sampling medium was similar, indicating that apple juice components did not contribute to any discernible sample matrix effects...
  49. ncbi Tissue residues and urinary excretion of zilpaterol in sheep treated for 10 days with dietary zilpaterol
    Weilin L Shelver
    Biosciences Research Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, 1605 Albrecht Boulevard, Fargo, North Dakota 58105, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 54:4155-61. 2006
    ..Because of its simplicity, ELISA is a convenient assay for determining zilpaterol levels in urine giving similar results to HPLC-fluorescence and LC-MS/MS-ES without requiring the extensive cleanup of the latter methods...
  50. ncbi Conversion of agricultural feedstock and coproducts into poly(hydroxyalkanoates)
    Daniel K Y Solaiman
    Fats, Oils and Animal Coproducts Research Unit, Eastern Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, PA 19038, USA
    Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 71:783-9. 2006
    ....
  51. ncbi Recovery of bacteria from broiler carcasses rinsed zero and twenty-four hours after immersion chilling
    J A Cason
    US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Russell Research Center, Athens, GA 30604 5677, USA
    Poult Sci 85:333-6. 2006
    ..More study is required to determine whether whole-carcass rinse samples performed at 0 and 24 h after chilling are microbiologically equivalent...
  52. ncbi Phyto-products may be essential for sustainability and implementation of phytoremediation
    G S Banuelos
    USDA ARS, 9611 S Riverbend Ave, Parlier, CA 93648, USA
    Environ Pollut 144:19-23. 2006
    ..Obtaining products with economic value from plants used in the cleanup of soil would certainly be an additional benefit to phytoremediation, which could help sustain its long-term use...
  53. ncbi Synthesis of diethylamine-functionalized soybean oil
    Atanu Biswas
    Plant Polymer and Food and Industrial Oil Research, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, 1815 North University Street, Peoria, Illinois 61604, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 53:9485-90. 2005
    ..Diethylamine and ZnCl2 were found to be the best. NMR, IR, and nitrogen analysis were used to characterize the products...
  54. ncbi Biodegradable composites from sugar beet pulp and poly(lactic acid)
    Linshu Liu
    Crop Conversion Science and Engineering, Eastern Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 53:9017-22. 2005
    ..This can be attributed to the hydrophobic character of PLA and pulp-matrix interactions. The composite thermoplastics showed suitable properties for potential use as lightweight construction materials...
  55. ncbi Isolation and characterization of a bovine visceral endoderm cell line derived from a parthenogenetic blastocyst
    Neil C Talbot
    Agricultural Research Service, Animal and Natural Resources Institute, Biotechnology and Germplasm Laboratory, U S Department of Agriculture, Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
    In Vitro Cell Dev Biol Anim 41:130-41. 2005
    ..The cell line will be of interest for functional comparisons with bovine endoderm cell lines derived from IVF and nuclear transfer embryos...
  56. ncbi Herd-level factors associated with isolation of Salmonella in a multi-state study of conventional and organic dairy farms I. Salmonella shedding in cows
    C P Fossler
    University of Minnesota, College of Veterinary Medicine, 1354 Eckles Avenue, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Prev Vet Med 70:257-77. 2005
    ..Herd size was not associated with Salmonella shedding in the final multi-variable model. The herd-level risk factors identified in this study could potentially be implemented in Salmonella control programs on dairy farms...
  57. ncbi Electrolytic destruction of urea in dilute chloride solution using DSA electrodes in a recycled batch cell
    Bradley J Hernlem
    Western Regional Research Center, Foodborne Contaminants Research Unit, Agricultural Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Albany, CA 94710, USA
    Water Res 39:2245-52. 2005
    ..Residual nitrogen was comprised of a constant fraction (0.07) of urea nitrogen oxidized to nitrate over the temperature range studied (16--34.5 degrees C). Chlorate was also formed as a byproduct of electrolysis...
  58. ncbi Protection of chickens against overt clinical disease and determination of viral shedding following vaccination with commercially available Newcastle disease virus vaccines upon challenge with highly virulent virus from the California 2002 exotic Newcastl
    Darrell R Kapczynski
    Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, USDA, 934 College Station Road, Athens, GA 30605, USA
    Vaccine 23:3424-33. 2005
    ..These results underscore the need to develop new NDV vaccines and vaccine strategies for use during outbreak situations to protect birds from both disease and infection to reduce virus shedding...
  59. ncbi Determination of limonoate and nomilinoate A-ring lactones in citrus juices by liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry
    Andrew P Breksa
    Western Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, 800 Buchanan Street, Albany, CA 94710, USA
    J Chromatogr A 1064:187-91. 2005
    ..The limonoid A-ring lactones were isolated by solid-phase extraction from juice samples, analyzed by negative ion LC-ESI-MS and quantified utilizing the standard addition method...
  60. ncbi Detection of rampant nucleotide reversion at the origin of DNA replication of porcine circovirus type 1
    Andrew K Cheung
    Virus and Prion Diseases of Livestock Research Unit, National Animal Disease Center, USDA, Agricultural Research Service, PO Box 70, Ames, IA 50010, USA
    Virology 333:22-30. 2005
    ....
  61. ncbi Wheat cultivar-specific selection of 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol-producing fluorescent Pseudomonas species from resident soil populations
    M Mazzola
    USDA ARS, 1104A N Western Avenue, Wenatchee, WA, 98801, USA
    Microb Ecol 48:338-48. 2004
    ....
  62. ncbi Effects of kaolin-based particle film application on boll weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) injury to cotton
    A T Showler
    USDA ARS SARC, Weslaco, TX 78596, USA
    J Econ Entomol 95:754-62. 2002
    ..Potentially important avenues for future research on boll weevil injury suppression using kaolin are discussed...

Research Grants15

  1. Variation in the ALOX5 gene and response to omega-3 fatty acid supplements
    Charles Stephensen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Indicators of cardiovascular risk will also be assessed before and after intervention, including blood lipid profile, blood pressure, heart rate, and plasma CRP, glucose and insulin concentrations. ..
  2. Vitamin A Regulates Th1/Th2 Development via RXR Pathway
    Charles Stephensen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In addition, receptor-selective retinoids are currently used in cancer therapy and are being evaluated for diabetes. This work will help evaluate possible side effects of these therapies. ..
  3. Evaluation of resveratrol and curcumin as therapeutics against high-risk leukemia
    SUSAN ZUNINO; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These studies will provide information about whether the plant antioxidants resveratrol and curcumin may be novel and efficient alternatives for the treatment of high-risk leukemia. ..
  4. Development of West Nile virus surveillance systems and
    Larry Clark; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This study will provide both a risk management simulation model and empirical surveillance system. ..
  5. Identification of Muscle-Specific Biomarkers of Fatty Acid beta-Oxidation
    SEAN HARRISON ADAMS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  6. Identification of Muscle-Specific Biomarkers of Fatty Acid beta-Oxidation
    Sean Adams; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..If true, this will have a profound influence on our understanding of diabetes pathophysiology and may provide new targets for preventive and therapeutic modalities. ..
  7. Triple action chimera: eradication of nasal S. aureus by cell wall hydrolases
    DAVID DONOVAN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This study will explore a novel antimicrobial agent (a triple action chimeric viral enzyme) to eradicate S. aureus nasal colonization, since nasal carriage is a known risk factor for infection. ..
  8. Identification of Muscle-Specific Biomarkers of Fatty Acid beta-Oxidation
    Sean Adams; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  9. Triple action chimera: eradication of nasal S. aureus by cell wall hydrolases
    DAVID MATTHEW DONOVAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study will explore a novel antimicrobial agent (a triple action chimeric viral enzyme) to eradicate S. aureus nasal colonization, since nasal carriage is a known risk factor for infection. ..