D Williams

Summary

Affiliation: University of Liverpool
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint From sterile debate to burning issue: the economics and safety dichotomy
    D Williams
    Department of Clinical Engineering at the University of Liverpool
    Med Device Technol 12:8-11. 2001
  2. ncbi request reprint Revisiting the definition of biocompatibility
    David Williams
    Department of Clinical Engineering, University of Liverpool
    Med Device Technol 14:10-3. 2003
  3. ncbi request reprint The parting of the ways? How biomaterials may differ from advanced materials in the next century
    D Williams
    Clinical Engineering Department, Royal Liverpool University, UK
    Med Device Technol 10:8-11. 1999
  4. ncbi request reprint The relevance of haemolysis testing
    David Williams
    University of Liverpool, Clinical Engineering Department, UK
    Med Device Technol 17:8-9. 2006
  5. ncbi request reprint War and peace in the new year
    D Williams
    Department of Clinical Engineering, University of Liverpool, UK
    Med Device Technol 12:7-9. 2001
  6. ncbi request reprint The troubles of zirconia
    David Williams
    Department of Clinical Engineering, University of Liverpool, UK
    Med Device Technol 15:8-10. 2004
  7. ncbi request reprint Year-end perspectives: the introduction of new technologies
    David Williams
    Department of Clinical Engineering, University of Liverpool
    Med Device Technol 14:10-2. 2003
  8. ncbi request reprint Mutagenesis: the power to do harm
    D Williams
    Clinical Engineering Department, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, UK
    Med Device Technol 8:8-12, 14-5. 1997
  9. ncbi request reprint Reassessing bioactive surfaces
    David Williams
    Department of Clinical Engineering, University of Liverpool
    Med Device Technol 13:8-9. 2002
  10. ncbi request reprint Mechanical signalling: lessons from the past that control the future
    David Williams
    Clinical Engineering Department, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, UK
    Med Device Technol 16:9-10. 2005

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications93

  1. ncbi request reprint From sterile debate to burning issue: the economics and safety dichotomy
    D Williams
    Department of Clinical Engineering at the University of Liverpool
    Med Device Technol 12:8-11. 2001
    ..At the same time, there is an increasing trend to reuse devices intended for single use. This article discusses certain aspects of that apparent contradiction...
  2. ncbi request reprint Revisiting the definition of biocompatibility
    David Williams
    Department of Clinical Engineering, University of Liverpool
    Med Device Technol 14:10-3. 2003
    ..It is time for the discussion and definition of biocompatibility to move from a materials base to an applications base...
  3. ncbi request reprint The parting of the ways? How biomaterials may differ from advanced materials in the next century
    D Williams
    Clinical Engineering Department, Royal Liverpool University, UK
    Med Device Technol 10:8-11. 1999
    ....
  4. ncbi request reprint The relevance of haemolysis testing
    David Williams
    University of Liverpool, Clinical Engineering Department, UK
    Med Device Technol 17:8-9. 2006
    ..Testing for haemolysis is usually considered an essential part of the strategy for the assessment of biological safety of biomaterials, but the value and relevance of this test is questionable...
  5. ncbi request reprint War and peace in the new year
    D Williams
    Department of Clinical Engineering, University of Liverpool, UK
    Med Device Technol 12:7-9. 2001
    ..The world has been turned upside down and changes are being forced on society from unexpected directions. It is an opportune time to consider the changes that are likely to be witnessed in the medical technology sector...
  6. ncbi request reprint The troubles of zirconia
    David Williams
    Department of Clinical Engineering, University of Liverpool, UK
    Med Device Technol 15:8-10. 2004
    ..In reality, the reverse happened and far more failures have occurred. This article asks whether there are any lessons to be learnt...
  7. ncbi request reprint Year-end perspectives: the introduction of new technologies
    David Williams
    Department of Clinical Engineering, University of Liverpool
    Med Device Technol 14:10-2. 2003
    ..The situation is not so clear when radically new technologies are introduced into clinical practice. This article discusses some of the issues that are involved and proposes some new solutions...
  8. ncbi request reprint Mutagenesis: the power to do harm
    D Williams
    Clinical Engineering Department, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, UK
    Med Device Technol 8:8-12, 14-5. 1997
    ..It is far from clear, however, just how significant the risk is of mutagenicity from biomaterials, and how the results of these tests should be interpreted. This article discusses some of the salient features of this difficult subject...
  9. ncbi request reprint Reassessing bioactive surfaces
    David Williams
    Department of Clinical Engineering, University of Liverpool
    Med Device Technol 13:8-9. 2002
  10. ncbi request reprint Mechanical signalling: lessons from the past that control the future
    David Williams
    Clinical Engineering Department, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, UK
    Med Device Technol 16:9-10. 2005
    ..As with other components of the biocompatibility of devices, it is essential to control the mechanical signalling associated with this movement if we are to optimise this response...
  11. ncbi request reprint Medical devices of human origin
    D Williams
    Department of Clinical Engineering, University of Liverpool
    Med Device Technol 12:8, 10-1. 2001
    ..This article addresses some of these issues...
  12. ncbi request reprint Rising to the surface: the technology of polymeric surfaces on biomaterials
    D Williams
    Clinical Engineering Department, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, UK
    Med Device Technol 9:6-8, 10, 12. 1998
    ..Some of the many ways in which the surfaces of biomaterials can be modified so that the main bulk properties are undisturbed and specialist surface properties exist in a thin, often invisible, layer are described in this article...
  13. ncbi request reprint Seasonal fantasies in scaffolds
    David Williams
    Department of Clinical Engineering, University of Liverpool
    Med Device Technol 15:8-10. 2004
    ..However, it is now becoming clearer that different solutions are required for the construction of these important constituents of TE products...
  14. ncbi request reprint Endotoxins and medical devices: the significance of dead bacteria
    David Williams
    Department of Clinical Engineering, University of Liverpool
    Med Device Technol 14:8-11. 2003
    ..This article discusses the basis for this speculation...
  15. ncbi request reprint The enabling technological advantages of chitin
    David Williams
    Department of Clinical Engineering, University of Liverpool
    Med Device Technol 13:8-12. 2002
    ..This article explains the basis for this claim and describes the nature and properties of these materials...
  16. ncbi request reprint Size and shape really matter: the influence of design on biocompatibility
    D Williams
    Clinical Engineering Department, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, UK
    Med Device Technol 8:8-12. 1997
    ..This in turn implies that the design of the device can be influential in determining the host response...
  17. ncbi request reprint Good news and bad news: the cost of mending a broken heart
    David Williams
    Department of Clinical Engineering, University of Liverpool
    Med Device Technol 14:8-10. 2003
    ..This article discusses the technology, the economics and the philosophy of the newly approved left-ventricular-assist systems...
  18. ncbi request reprint The engineering of an artery
    David Williams
    Department of Clinical Engineering, University of Liverpool
    Med Device Technol 14:9-11. 2003
    ..This article addresses one particular area of high risk, the tissue-engineered artery, and discusses some of technical and clinical factors that are involved...
  19. ncbi request reprint The back of the problem
    David Williams
    Clinical Engineering Department, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, UK
    Med Device Technol 15:8-10. 2004
    ..This article addresses the changing role of medical technology used in the therapeutic alternatives for this widespread condition...
  20. ncbi request reprint Environmentally smart polymers
    David Williams
    Clinical Engineering Department, University of Liverpool, UK Centre for Tissue Engineering
    Med Device Technol 16:9-10, 13. 2005
    ..This article explains how these are finding use in medical technologies such as drug delivery and cell-sheet tissue engineering...
  21. ncbi request reprint Stem cells in medical techonology
    David Williams
    Clinical Engineering Department, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, UK
    Med Device Technol 16:9-11. 2005
    ..Major ethical and scientific debates surround the potential of stem cells to radically alter therapies in health care. This article provides some basic background on the origins and functions of stem cells...
  22. ncbi request reprint The interface between biomaterials science and biotechnology
    David Williams
    University of Liverpool, UK
    Med Device Technol 18:8, 10. 2007
    ..Similarly, biomaterials science has moved forward from implantable medical device technology to drug and gene delivery and tissue engineering. It was perhaps inevitable that they should eventually meet...
  23. ncbi request reprint Material vectors for gene delivery
    David Williams
    Clinical Engineering Department, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, UK
    Med Device Technol 15:8-10. 2004
    ..The risks are derived from the way in which genes are delivered, and central to the solutions to these problems may be some innovative materials and device designs...
  24. ncbi request reprint Nanocrystalline metals: another opportunity for medical devices?
    David Williams
    Department of Clinical Engineering, University of Liverpool
    Med Device Technol 14:12, 16-7. 2003
    ..Nanotechnology is everywhere and receiving massive investment. Many believe that the medical sector is going to be one of the major benefactors. This article addresses the opportunities with nanocrystalline metals...
  25. ncbi request reprint The critical path to medical innovation
    David Williams
    University of Liverpool, UK
    Med Device Technol 15:8-10. 2004
    ..A recent FDA report proposes some solutions to this problem...
  26. ncbi request reprint Taking the nickel out of the medicine
    David Williams
    Department of Clinical Engineering, University of Liverpool
    Med Device Technol 15:8-10. 2004
    ..This article addresses the question of whether it makes sense to try to eliminate the nickel from these alloys...
  27. ncbi request reprint Nanotechnology: a new look
    David Williams
    UK Centre for Tissue Engineering, University of Liverpool
    Med Device Technol 15:9-10. 2004
    ..A recently published report has reassessed the meanings of nanoscience and nanotechnology and considered the opportunities and hazards that arise within this area. Some of the factors relevant to medical nanotechnology are considered here...
  28. ncbi request reprint Cages and chondrocytes: techniques to replace and regenerate the troublesome intervertebral disc
    David Williams
    University of Liverpool
    Med Device Technol 18:8, 10. 2007
    ..The different strategies and preferred materials are described...
  29. ncbi request reprint A European regulatory pathway for tissue engineering--at last
    David Williams
    Tissue Engineering at the University of Liverpool, UK
    Med Device Technol 18:8, 10-1. 2007
    ..This article summarises the main issues of those developments and some essentials of the proposed new regulation...
  30. ncbi request reprint Carbon nanotubes in medical technology
    David Williams
    University of Liverpool, UK
    Med Device Technol 18:8, 10. 2007
    ..A variety of nanoscale carbon tube structures have been prepared and this article discusses their structure, properties and potential medical applications...
  31. ncbi request reprint Late thrombosis and drug-eluting stents
    David Williams
    University of Liverpool
    Med Device Technol 17:8, 10. 2006
    ..This article considers the background and consequences of this matter...
  32. ncbi request reprint Material surfaces and MRSA
    David Williams
    Clinical Engineering Department, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, UK
    Med Device Technol 17:8-9. 2006
    ..In this article, some of the new materials related solutions to these threats are discussed..
  33. ncbi request reprint A registry for tissue engineering clinical trials
    David Williams
    University of Liverpool
    Med Device Technol 17:8-10. 2006
    ..A registry for these clinical trials is currently being established...
  34. ncbi request reprint Quantum dots in medical technology
    David Williams
    Clinical Engineering Department, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, UK
    Med Device Technol 17:8-9. 2006
    ..During the past few years, the rapidly emerging technology of quantum dots has started to have an impact on the techniques of molecular and cellular imaging in medicine. Their advantages are examined here...
  35. ncbi request reprint New interests in magnesium
    David Williams
    University of Liverpool
    Med Device Technol 17:9-10. 2006
    ..This article examines the rationale for using magnesium alloys in cardiovascular and orthopaedic devices...
  36. ncbi request reprint New thoughts on CJD, surgical instruments and disease transmission
    David Williams
    University of Liverpool, UK Center for Tissue Engineering
    Med Device Technol 17:7-8. 2006
    ..But concerns about transmission of the disease during certain medical procedures still exist...
  37. ncbi request reprint The risks of nanotechnology
    David Williams
    University of Liverpool, UK
    Med Device Technol 16:6, 9-10. 2005
    ..This article discusses some of the principal findings of a new report on this subject...
  38. ncbi request reprint Chinese solutions
    David Williams
    UK Centre for Tissue Engineering, University of Liverpool
    Med Device Technol 16:8-9. 2005
    ..These developments deserve the attention of scientists and industrialists in the West...
  39. ncbi request reprint Phases in titanium alloys
    David Williams
    University of Liverpool
    Med Device Technol 16:9-11. 2005
    ..In recent years in particular, there have been a number of developments in Ti metallurgy, which suggests that a reappraisal of these alloy systems is timely...
  40. ncbi request reprint The proving of polyhydroxybutyrate and its potential in medical technology
    David Williams
    Clinical Engineering Department, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Liverpool, UK
    Med Device Technol 16:9-10. 2005
    ..Polyhydroxybutyrate has been around for a couple of decades within the medical technology industry, but without making a significant impact. That may be about to change...
  41. ncbi request reprint Systemic delivery versus elution of drugs that enhance device performance
    David Williams
    Clinical Engineering Department, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, UK
    Med Device Technol 16:9, 11. 2005
    ..The issues are addressed here in relation to cardiovascular devices and orthopaedics...
  42. ncbi request reprint The powers of self-assembly
    David Williams
    Clinical Engineering Department, Royal University of Liverpool Hospital, UK
    Med Device Technol 15:11-3. 2004
    ..Microstructures and nanostructures, which often mimic those found in nature, are formed without complex manufacturing methods. This article assesses the implications of this development for medical devices...
  43. ncbi request reprint Metastable biocompatibility: a new approach
    David Williams
    Clinical Engineering Department, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, UK
    Med Device Technol 18:8, 10-1. 2007
    ..This concept is explored in the context of long-term implantable medical devices and biocompatibility failures...
  44. ncbi request reprint The natural pace of healing
    David Williams
    University of Liverpool, UK
    Med Device Technol 18:8-9. 2007
    ..However, nature is adept at repairing many injured tissues and we should refrain from unnecessary and illogical attempts to interfere with natural processes...
  45. ncbi request reprint The "sterile" debate: the effects of radiation sterilization on polymers
    D Williams
    Clinical Engineering Department, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, UK
    Med Device Technol 8:6-9. 1997
    ..This article discusses the mechanisms by which gamma irradiation can cause polymer damage and the potential consequences of this...
  46. ncbi request reprint From BSE to MDT, scientific opinion and public policy on risks in medical devices
    D Williams
    Clinical Engineering Department, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, UK
    Med Device Technol 9:6-8, 10-1. 1998
    ..This is the first of two articles that addresses some specific issues that relate to risks with medical devices in the context of the European Commission...
  47. ncbi request reprint A stain on the stainless? The role of steels in the new age
    D Williams
    Clinical Engineering Department, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, UK
    Med Device Technol 10:6-8, 10, 12. 1999
    ....
  48. ncbi request reprint Small is beautiful: microparticle and nanoparticle technology in medical devices
    D Williams
    Clinical Engineering Department, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, UK
    Med Device Technol 10:6, 8-9. 1999
    ..They may be used for a variety of medical applications from cell encapsulation to serological diagnostic procedures. This article discusses some of the principles of this technology...
  49. ncbi request reprint Bags of toys: the demise of PVC
    D Williams
    Clinical Engineering Department, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, UK
    Med Device Technol 10:10-2. 1999
    ..This article addresses some of the underlying toxicological and risk assessment issues...
  50. ncbi request reprint Great expectations and the grapes of wrath: contamination of contact lenses
    D Williams
    Clinical Engineering Department, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, UK
    Med Device Technol 10:10-3. 1999
    ..This article discusses some of the underlying issues...
  51. ncbi request reprint The stresses and strains of everyday life
    D Williams
    Department of Clinical Engineering, Royal Liverpool University Hospital
    Med Device Technol 10:36-9. 1999
    ..Stresses and strains are features of everyday living, but the distinction between the two is not always easy to identify. These matters are discussed in mechanical and physiological terms with relevance to medical devices...
  52. ncbi request reprint The god of small things: the biology of intimal hyperplasia
    D Williams
    Clinical Engineering Department, Royal Liverpool University, UK
    Med Device Technol 10:8-11. 1999
    ..This article discusses some of the proposed mechanisms for this phenomenon and the prognosis for its control...
  53. ncbi request reprint Conflict resolution and Y2K problems. How biomaterials will face up to the real issues of the future
    D Williams
    Department of Clinical Engineering, Royal Liverpool University Hospital
    Med Device Technol 10:18-20, 22. 1999
    ....
  54. ncbi request reprint Catgut sutures: an exercise in discretion
    D Williams
    Clinical Engineering Department, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, UK
    Med Device Technol 9:6-8. 1998
    ..This article discusses that assessment...
  55. ncbi request reprint Growth in the biomaterials market: the nature of growth factors
    D Williams
    Clinical Engineering Department, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, UK
    Med Device Technol 9:6-11. 1998
    ..This is especially so in the area of tissue regeneration. This article describes the nature of these molecules and discusses some of the issues associated with their incorporation into medical devices...
  56. ncbi request reprint The engineering of polysaccharides
    D Williams
    Clinical Engineering Department, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, UK
    Med Device Technol 8:8-11. 1997
    ..This article highlights the potential applications of these materials in the regeneration of injured tissue...
  57. ncbi request reprint Ceramics transformed: manipulating crystal structures to toughen bioceramics
    D Williams
    Clinical Engineering Department, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, UK
    Med Device Technol 8:6-8. 1997
    ..This article discusses how this problem has been addressed by the development of the process of transformation toughening and places this in the broader context of the new generation of "smart" materials...
  58. ncbi request reprint When the balloon goes up: the materials technology of balloon catheters
    D Williams
    Clinical Engineering Department, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, UK
    Med Device Technol 9:8-11. 1998
    ..Balloons and catheters together form an increasingly important combination in diagnostic and therapeutic minimally invasive procedures. This article discusses how these simple devices have risen in stature over the last decade...
  59. ncbi request reprint Engineering a concept: the creation of tissue engineering
    D Williams
    Clinical Engineering Department, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, UK
    Med Device Technol 8:8-9. 1997
    ..Tissue engineering is a fashionable phrase and a new concept. This article analyses what is meant by this term and discusses some of the products that may emerge from the translation of this concept into clinical reality...
  60. ncbi request reprint Trial by media: the case of the worn hip prostheses
    D Williams
    Clinical Engineering Department, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, UK
    Med Device Technol 9:8-10. 1998
    ..Some of the generic issues arising from this case are discussed in this article...
  61. ncbi request reprint From leaking devices to smart permeability: the technology of diffusion and other transport mechanisms
    D Williams
    Clinical Engineering Department, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, UK
    Med Device Technol 9:8-10, 12-3. 1998
    ..Some of the principles of diffusion and some of the practical applications are discussed in this article...
  62. ncbi request reprint Collagen: ubiquitous in nature, multifunctional in devices
    D Williams
    Clinical Engineering Department, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, UK
    Med Device Technol 9:10-3. 1998
    ..This versatility is central to the uses of collagen in biomedical devices. The structure and properties of collagen and the basis for their biomedical uses are described in this article...
  63. ncbi request reprint The right time and the right place: the concepts and concerns of drug delivery systems
    D Williams
    Clinical Engineering Department, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, UK
    Med Device Technol 9:10-2, 16. 1998
    ..One of the areas where the interface between drugs and devices needs greater clarity is controlled delivery of drugs by materials and this article discusses the basic mechanisms that are involved...
  64. ncbi request reprint Killer medical devices: the media versus the industry
    D Williams
    Department of Clinical Engineering, University of Liverpool
    Med Device Technol 12:13-6. 2001
    ..The first article in a new series of the Material Matters column discusses this unwelcome phenomenon and examines the arguments...
  65. ncbi request reprint Even more opinions on PVC and broader lessons
    David Williams
    Department of Clinical Engineering at the University of Liverpool
    Med Device Technol 13:8-10, 12. 2002
    ..This article discusses the basis for these opinions...
  66. ncbi request reprint Public confidence in medical technology
    David Williams
    Department of Clinical Engineering, University of Liverpool
    Med Device Technol 13:11-3. 2002
    ..Once again, at the year's end, it is necessary to reassess our own procedures and safeguards to prevent erosion of public confidence in our industry...
  67. ncbi request reprint New metals for old: benefits and concerns
    David Williams
    Department of Clinical Engineering, University of Liverpool
    Med Device Technol 13:11-3. 2002
    ..Several new medical devices are incorporating new metallic materials into their structures. This article describes some generic issues that influence the benefit-risk characteristics of these materials...
  68. ncbi request reprint A dangerous place to live: from the fog of war to the slime of technology
    David Williams
    Department of Clinical Engineering, University of Liverpool
    Med Device Technol 14:8-9. 2003
    ..Medical devices are susceptible to infection and risk management needs to be considered in the context of the underlying science and common sense...
  69. ncbi request reprint The Dunlop phenomena: a lesson in risk management from an unlikely source
    David Williams
    Department of Clinical Engineering, University of Liverpool
    Med Device Technol 14:9-10. 2003
    ..In these circumstances, associations between cause and effect can become distorted and are often difficult to overcome...
  70. ncbi request reprint Sows' ears, silk purses and goats' milk: new production methods and medical applications for silk
    David Williams
    Department of Clinical Engineering, University of Liverpool
    Med Device Technol 14:9-11. 2003
    ..Silk is a good example of a self-assembled natural material with attractive characteristics. Attempts are now being made to produce recombinant forms, through transgenic animals, that have potential in a number of medical technologies...
  71. ncbi request reprint Clarity and risk: the challenges of the new technologies
    D Williams
    Department of Clinical Engineering, University of Liverpool
    Med Device Technol 12:12-4. 2001
    ..Tissue engineering, xenotransplantation, gene and cell therapy and other emerging products and processes are altering the way in which risks can be assessed and are bringing new challenges to product demarcation...
  72. ncbi request reprint The new materials technology of drug delivery
    D Williams
    Department of Clinical Engineering, University of Liverpool
    Med Device Technol 12:10-3. 2001
    ..Increasingly, there is evidence to suggest that new technologies and materials will have a profound impact on drug delivery in the near future. Some of these are reviewed here...
  73. ncbi request reprint The golden anniversary of titanium biomaterials
    D Williams
    Department of Clinical Engineering, University of Liverpool
    Med Device Technol 12:8-11. 2001
    ..Titanium has become the leading structural metallic biomaterial and 50 years of clinical performance has proven its value. However, it is wise not to forget the basic laws of materials science upon which its reputation has been based...
  74. ncbi request reprint Medical nanotechnology: how small can we go?
    David Williams
    Department of Clinical Engineering, University of Liverpool
    Med Device Technol 13:7-9. 2002
    ..The significance of recent developments in materials and materials fabrication is also highlighted...
  75. ncbi request reprint Catheters, materials and infection
    David Williams
    Department of Clinical Engineering, University of Liverpool
    Med Device Technol 13:8-11. 2002
    ..Some of the factors that control the occurrence of infection are considered in this article...
  76. ncbi request reprint One step back and one, possibly two, steps forward. The different approaches to Parkinson's disease
    D Williams
    Department of Clinical Engineering, University of Liverpool
    Med Device Technol 12:10-3. 2001
    ....
  77. ncbi request reprint New metals for old: real and imaginary properties
    David Williams
    Department of Clinical Engineering, University of Liverpool
    Med Device Technol 13:7-9. 2002
  78. ncbi request reprint Business models for biomaterials in regenerative medicine
    David Williams
    Clinical Engineering Department, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Liverpool, UK
    Med Device Technol 16:7-8. 2005
    ..Some of the issues that particularly relate to the materials used in these technologies are discussed in this article...
  79. ncbi request reprint To test or not to test: the value of biological safety testing
    David Williams
    Department of Clinical Engineering, University of Liverpool
    Med Device Technol 13:8-10. 2002
    ..This article addresses the question of whether or not these tests are necessary, or in fact, useful...
  80. ncbi request reprint Pivotal results of the Medtronic Vascular Talent Thoracic Stent Graft System: the VALOR trial
    Ronald M Fairman
    Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    J Vasc Surg 48:546-54. 2008
    ....
  81. ncbi request reprint Results of a multicenter trial for the treatment of traumatic vascular injury with a covered stent
    Rodney White
    University of Los Angeles Medical Center, Harbor, Los Angeles, California, and Texas Heart Institute, Houston, Texas, USA
    J Trauma 60:1189-95; discussion 1195-6. 2006
    ..Endpoints were exclusion success at procedure and at 12-months, primary patency and freedom-from-bypass at 12-months, and major adverse events...
  82. ncbi request reprint Defining nanotechnology
    David Williams
    Morgan and Masterson, Brussels, Belgium
    Med Device Technol 19:8, 10. 2008
    ..A confusing array of terms has arisen with the rapid emergence of the subject of nanotechnology. In this article a recently derived framework for definitions of these terms is discussed...
  83. doi request reprint The relationship between biomaterials and nanotechnology
    David Williams
    Biomaterials 29:1737-8. 2008
  84. ncbi request reprint Editorial
    Andres Garcia
    Biomaterials 28:5007-8. 2007
  85. ncbi request reprint Polyetheretherketone for long-term implantable devices
    David Williams
    Morgan and Masterson, Brussels, Belgium
    Med Device Technol 19:8, 10-1. 2008
    ..The polyaryletherketones, especially polyetheretherketone (PEEK) has broken this trend and is rapidly emerging as a contender for high performance implantable applications...
  86. ncbi request reprint Self-inactivating gammaretroviral vectors for gene therapy of X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency
    Susannah I Thornhill
    Centre for Immunodeficiency, Molecular Immunology Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, UK
    Mol Ther 16:590-8. 2008
    ....
  87. ncbi request reprint Stent-graft treatment of patients with acute bleeding from hepatic artery branches
    Parag Rami
    Department of Radiology, University of Michigan Hospital, 1500 E Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0030, USA
    Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol 28:153-8. 2005
    ..To present a new treatment option in patients with acute bleeding from the hepatic artery branches...
  88. ncbi request reprint Endovascular treatment of thoracic aortic aneurysms: results of the phase II multicenter trial of the GORE TAG thoracic endoprosthesis
    Michel S Makaroun
    University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, 200 Lothrop, Ste A 1011, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Vasc Surg 41:1-9. 2005
    ....
  89. ncbi request reprint Understanding the challenges in recruiting blacks to a longitudinal cohort study: the Adventist health study
    Patti Herring
    Department of Health Promotion and Education, Loma Linda University School of Public Health, Loma Linda, California, USA
    Ethn Dis 14:423-30. 2004
    ....
  90. ncbi request reprint Organization and administration of the NIDCD/VA Hearing Aid Clinical Trial
    William G Henderson
    Hines VA Cooperative Studies Program Coordinating Center, Hines, Illinois 60141, USA
    Ear Hear 23:277-9. 2002
    ..Strong central coordination of such a complex multi-center clinical trial is essential to its success. The trial took more than 5 years to design, implement, and complete. This timeline is also described...
  91. ncbi request reprint Complications of rotator cuff surgery in which bioabsorbable anchors are used
    Thomas Magee
    Department of Radiology, Neuroimaging Institute, 27 E Hibiscus Blvd, Melbourne, FL 32901, USA
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 181:1227-31. 2003
    ..MRI findings were correlated with second-look arthroscopy. Consensus MRI interpretations by the three radiologists were obtained retrospectively...
  92. ncbi request reprint A comparative study of two types of urinary sheath
    Pamela Pemberton
    Nurs Times 102:36-41. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to compare the newly developed Conveen Optima urinary sheath with the established Clear Advantage urinary sheath in terms of patient satisfaction and preference...
  93. ncbi request reprint Ethics of research on survivors of trauma
    Soraya Seedat
    Medical Research Council Unit on Anxiety and Stress Disorders, Department of Psychiatry, University of Stellenbosch, PO Box 19063, Tygerberg, Cape Town 7505, South Africa
    Curr Psychiatry Rep 6:262-7. 2004
    ....