Elizabeth A Spencer

Summary

Affiliation: University of Oxford
Country: UK

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Diabetes and modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease: the prospective Million Women Study
    Elizabeth A Spencer
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Oxford, UK
    Eur J Epidemiol 23:793-9. 2008
  2. doi request reprint Prospective study of the association between grapefruit intake and risk of breast cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
    Elizabeth A Spencer
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 20:803-9. 2009
  3. pmc Determinants of non- response to a second assessment of lifestyle factors and body weight in the EPIC-PANACEA study
    Anne M May
    Julius Centre for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht University, PO Box 85500, 3508, GA, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    BMC Med Res Methodol 12:148. 2012
  4. doi request reprint Mortality in British vegetarians: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC-Oxford)
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1613S-1619S. 2009
  5. doi request reprint Factors associated with incident and fatal pancreatic cancer in a cohort of middle-aged women
    Richard J Stevens
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Int J Cancer 124:2400-5. 2009
  6. ncbi request reprint EPIC-Oxford: lifestyle characteristics and nutrient intakes in a cohort of 33 883 meat-eaters and 31 546 non meat-eaters in the UK
    Gwyneth K Davey
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford OX2 6HE, UK
    Public Health Nutr 6:259-69. 2003
  7. doi request reprint Body mass index and physical activity in relation to the incidence of hip fracture in postmenopausal women
    Miranda E G Armstrong
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    J Bone Miner Res 26:1330-8. 2011
  8. ncbi request reprint Soy intake and blood cholesterol concentrations: a cross-sectional study of 1033 pre- and postmenopausal women in the Oxford arm of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Magdalena S Rosell
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:1391-6. 2004
  9. ncbi request reprint Nutrition and lifestyle in relation to bowel movement frequency: a cross-sectional study of 20630 men and women in EPIC-Oxford
    Miguel A Sanjoaquin
    Cancer Research UK, Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, The Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford OX2 6HE, UK
    Public Health Nutr 7:77-83. 2004
  10. doi request reprint Cancer incidence in vegetarians: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC-Oxford)
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1620S-1626S. 2009

Detail Information

Publications25

  1. doi request reprint Diabetes and modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease: the prospective Million Women Study
    Elizabeth A Spencer
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Oxford, UK
    Eur J Epidemiol 23:793-9. 2008
    ..Of the modifiable factors examined in middle aged women with diabetes, smoking causes the greatest increase in cardiovascular disease, especially in those with insulin treated diabetes...
  2. doi request reprint Prospective study of the association between grapefruit intake and risk of breast cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
    Elizabeth A Spencer
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 20:803-9. 2009
    ..05). There was no association between grapefruit intake and estradiol or estrone among postmenopausal women. In this study, we found no evidence of an association between grapefruit intake and risk of breast cancer...
  3. pmc Determinants of non- response to a second assessment of lifestyle factors and body weight in the EPIC-PANACEA study
    Anne M May
    Julius Centre for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht University, PO Box 85500, 3508, GA, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    BMC Med Res Methodol 12:148. 2012
    ....
  4. doi request reprint Mortality in British vegetarians: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC-Oxford)
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1613S-1619S. 2009
    ..Few prospective studies have examined the mortality of vegetarians...
  5. doi request reprint Factors associated with incident and fatal pancreatic cancer in a cohort of middle-aged women
    Richard J Stevens
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Int J Cancer 124:2400-5. 2009
    ..22-2.03, with vs. without such a history). These factors were also associated with increased mortality from pancreatic cancer. Height, alcohol consumption and physical activity showed little or no association with pancreatic cancer risk...
  6. ncbi request reprint EPIC-Oxford: lifestyle characteristics and nutrient intakes in a cohort of 33 883 meat-eaters and 31 546 non meat-eaters in the UK
    Gwyneth K Davey
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford OX2 6HE, UK
    Public Health Nutr 6:259-69. 2003
    ..To describe the lifestyle characteristics and nutrient intakes of the Oxford cohort of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)...
  7. doi request reprint Body mass index and physical activity in relation to the incidence of hip fracture in postmenopausal women
    Miranda E G Armstrong
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    J Bone Miner Res 26:1330-8. 2011
    ..68 (95% CI 0.62-0.75), with similar results for strenuous exercise. In this large cohort of postmenopausal women, BMI and physical activity had independent effects on hip fracture risk...
  8. ncbi request reprint Soy intake and blood cholesterol concentrations: a cross-sectional study of 1033 pre- and postmenopausal women in the Oxford arm of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Magdalena S Rosell
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:1391-6. 2004
    ..Clinical trials have suggested that the intake of soy protein reduces blood cholesterol. Few studies have explored this relation in subjects who consume soy as part of their regular diet...
  9. ncbi request reprint Nutrition and lifestyle in relation to bowel movement frequency: a cross-sectional study of 20630 men and women in EPIC-Oxford
    Miguel A Sanjoaquin
    Cancer Research UK, Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, The Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford OX2 6HE, UK
    Public Health Nutr 7:77-83. 2004
    ..To investigate the relationships between nutritional and lifestyle factors and bowel movement frequency...
  10. doi request reprint Cancer incidence in vegetarians: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC-Oxford)
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1620S-1626S. 2009
    ..Few prospective studies have examined cancer incidence among vegetarians...
  11. ncbi request reprint A prospective study of vegetarianism and isoflavone intake in relation to breast cancer risk in British women
    Ruth C Travis
    Cancer Research UK, Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF, United Kingdom
    Int J Cancer 122:705-10. 2008
    ..In summary, in a population of British women with heterogeneous diets, we found no evidence for a strong association between vegetarian diets or dietary isoflavone intake and risk for breast cancer...
  12. ncbi request reprint Diet, nutrition and the prevention of cancer
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Public Health Nutr 7:187-200. 2004
    ..To assess the epidemiological evidence on diet and cancer and make public health recommendations...
  13. ncbi request reprint Calcium, diet and fracture risk: a prospective study of 1898 incident fractures among 34 696 British women and men
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford, OX3 7LF, UK
    Public Health Nutr 10:1314-20. 2007
    ..The risk factors for fractures are incompletely understood. An outstanding question concerns the optimal amount of dietary calcium needed to minimise the risk of fracture...
  14. doi request reprint Development and evaluation of the Oxford WebQ, a low-cost, web-based method for assessment of previous 24 h dietary intakes in large-scale prospective studies
    Bette Liu
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
    Public Health Nutr 14:1998-2005. 2011
    ....
  15. ncbi request reprint Anthropometry, physical activity, and the risk of pancreatic cancer in the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition
    Amy Berrington de Gonzalez
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7LF, United Kingdom
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 15:879-85. 2006
    ..50-1.35 for most active versus inactive). Future studies should consider including measurements of waist and hip circumference, to further investigate the relationship between central adiposity and the risk of pancreatic cancer...
  16. doi request reprint Symposium 1: Overnutrition: consequences and solutions. Obesity and cancer risk
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
    Proc Nutr Soc 69:86-90. 2010
    ..Estimates of the percentage of cancers that can be attributed to excess body weight suggest that in the UK and similar countries approximately 5% of all cancers are attributable to overweight and obesity...
  17. ncbi request reprint Nutrition and breast cancer
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, UK
    Breast 12:412-6. 2003
    ..Nutrition might affect breast cancer risk by altering levels of growth factors such as insulin-like growth factor-I. Current dietary advice should be to avoid obesity, limit alcohol intake, and maintain a varied diet...
  18. doi request reprint Meat, poultry and fish and risk of colorectal cancer: pooled analysis of data from the UK dietary cohort consortium
    Elizabeth A Spencer
    Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 21:1417-25. 2010
    ..In the UK Dietary Cohort Consortium, we examined associations of meat, poultry and fish intakes with colorectal cancer risk using standardised individual dietary data pooled from seven UK prospective studies...
  19. ncbi request reprint Accuracy of self-reported waist and hip measurements in 4492 EPIC-Oxford participants
    Elizabeth A Spencer
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford OX2 6HE, UK
    Public Health Nutr 7:723-7. 2004
    ..To assess the accuracy of self-reported waist and hip circumferences and the waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) by comparison with measured waist and hip circumferences and WHR in a sample of middle-aged men and women...
  20. pmc Neuraminidase inhibitors for influenza: a systematic review and meta-analysis of regulatory and mortality data
    Carl J Heneghan
    Centre for Evidence Based Medicine, Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Health Technol Assess 20:1-242. 2016
    ..Neuraminidase inhibitors (NIs) are stockpiled and recommended by public health agencies for treating and preventing seasonal and pandemic influenza. They are used clinically worldwide...
  21. ncbi request reprint Validity of self-reported height and weight in 4808 EPIC-Oxford participants
    Elizabeth A Spencer
    Imperial Cancer Research Fund Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, The Radcliffe Infirmary, UK
    Public Health Nutr 5:561-5. 2002
    ....
  22. doi request reprint Self-monitoring and self-management of oral anticoagulation
    Carl J Heneghan
    Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, New Radcliffe House, Radcliffe Observatory Quarter, Oxford, Oxfordshire, UK, OX2 6GG
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 7:CD003839. 2016
    ..Increasing evidence suggests self-testing of oral anticoagulant therapy is equal to or better than standard monitoring. This is an updated version of the original review published in 2010...
  23. pmc Effectiveness, safety and costs of orphan drugs: an evidence-based review
    Igho J Onakpoya
    Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Centre for Evidence Based Medicine, Oxford, UK
    BMJ Open 5:e007199. 2015
    ....
  24. pmc Diagnostic accuracy study of three alcohol breathalysers marketed for sale to the public
    Helen F Ashdown
    Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    BMJ Open 4:e005811. 2014
    ..To assess the diagnostic accuracy of three personal breathalyser devices available for sale to the public marketed to test safety to drive after drinking alcohol...
  25. ncbi request reprint The effect of diet on risk of cancer
    Timothy J Key
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford OX2 6HE, UK
    Lancet 360:861-8. 2002
    ..Prudent advice is to eat a varied diet including plenty of fruit, vegetables, and cereals to maintain a healthy bodyweight with the help of regular physical activity and to restrict consumption of alcohol...