Aimee Spector

Summary

Affiliation: University College London
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Reality orientation for dementia
    A Spector
    Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, University College London, 3rd Floor, Wolfson Building, 48 Riding House Street, London, UK, W1N 8AA
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev . 2000
  2. ncbi request reprint Reminiscence therapy for dementia
    A Spector
    Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, University College London, 3rd Floor, Wolfson Building, 48 Riding House Street, London, UK, W1N 8AA
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev . 2000
  3. ncbi request reprint Reality orientation for dementia
    A Spector
    Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, University College London, 3rd Floor, Wolfson Building, 48 Riding House Street, London, UK, W1N 8AA
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev . 2000
  4. ncbi request reprint Reminiscence therapy for dementia
    A Spector
    Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, University College London, 3rd Floor, Wolfson Building, 48 Riding House Street, London, UK, W1N 8AA
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev . 2000
  5. doi request reprint The impact of staff training on staff outcomes in dementia care: a systematic review
    Aimee Spector
    Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK
    Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 31:1172-1187. 2016
  6. pmc The effects of a Cognitive Stimulation Therapy [CST] programme for people with dementia on family caregivers' health
    Elisa Aguirre
    Unit of Mental Health Sciences, University College London, Charles Bell House, 67 73 Riding House Street, London W1W 7EJ, England
    BMC Geriatr 14:31. 2014
  7. doi request reprint Systematic review of neuropsychological outcomes in dementia from cognition-based psychological interventions
    Aimee Spector
    Research Department of Clinical Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK
    Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord 34:244-55. 2012
  8. doi request reprint A systematic review of staff training interventions to reduce the behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia
    Aimee Spector
    Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, United Kingdom
    Ageing Res Rev 12:354-64. 2013
  9. pmc Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for anxiety in people with dementia: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial
    Aimee Spector
    Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London, UK
    Trials 13:197. 2012
  10. doi request reprint A systematic review of 'knowledge of dementia' outcome measures
    Aimee Spector
    Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, UK
    Ageing Res Rev 11:67-77. 2012

Detail Information

Publications47

  1. ncbi request reprint Reality orientation for dementia
    A Spector
    Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, University College London, 3rd Floor, Wolfson Building, 48 Riding House Street, London, UK, W1N 8AA
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev . 2000
    ..Subsequently, guidelines for their use can be made on a sound evidence base...
  2. ncbi request reprint Reminiscence therapy for dementia
    A Spector
    Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, University College London, 3rd Floor, Wolfson Building, 48 Riding House Street, London, UK, W1N 8AA
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev . 2000
    ..A systematic review of the available evidence is important in order to identify the effectiveness of the different therapies. Subsequently, guidelines for their use can be made on a sound evidence base...
  3. ncbi request reprint Reality orientation for dementia
    A Spector
    Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, University College London, 3rd Floor, Wolfson Building, 48 Riding House Street, London, UK, W1N 8AA
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev . 2000
    ..Subsequently, guidelines for their use can be made on a sound evidence base...
  4. ncbi request reprint Reminiscence therapy for dementia
    A Spector
    Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, University College London, 3rd Floor, Wolfson Building, 48 Riding House Street, London, UK, W1N 8AA
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev . 2000
    ..A systematic review of the available evidence is important in order to identify the effectiveness of the different therapies. Subsequently, guidelines for their use can be made on a sound evidence base...
  5. doi request reprint The impact of staff training on staff outcomes in dementia care: a systematic review
    Aimee Spector
    Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK
    Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 31:1172-1187. 2016
    ..This review aimed to (i) establish the impact of training on staff outcomes; (ii) compare the impact of different training approaches; (iii) explore the influence of training intensity; and (iv) explore potential barriers to success...
  6. pmc The effects of a Cognitive Stimulation Therapy [CST] programme for people with dementia on family caregivers' health
    Elisa Aguirre
    Unit of Mental Health Sciences, University College London, Charles Bell House, 67 73 Riding House Street, London W1W 7EJ, England
    BMC Geriatr 14:31. 2014
    ..This study sought to investigate the effect of CST on family caregivers general health status of people with dementia living in the community attending the CST intervention...
  7. doi request reprint Systematic review of neuropsychological outcomes in dementia from cognition-based psychological interventions
    Aimee Spector
    Research Department of Clinical Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK
    Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord 34:244-55. 2012
    ..Although there is increasing evidence for the effectiveness of cognition-based psychological interventions in dementia, little is known about which neuropsychological domains are more amenable to change...
  8. doi request reprint A systematic review of staff training interventions to reduce the behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia
    Aimee Spector
    Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, United Kingdom
    Ageing Res Rev 12:354-64. 2013
    ..There is an urgent need for more high quality research and evidence-based practice in BPSD...
  9. pmc Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for anxiety in people with dementia: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial
    Aimee Spector
    Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London, UK
    Trials 13:197. 2012
    ..This study aims to develop a CBT for anxiety in dementia manual and to determine its feasibility in a pilot RCT...
  10. doi request reprint A systematic review of 'knowledge of dementia' outcome measures
    Aimee Spector
    Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, UK
    Ageing Res Rev 11:67-77. 2012
    ..The DQ is most the suitable for family carers. All measures require periodic updates, to keep pace with the expanding field of dementia. More robust, contemporary measures of knowledge are required...
  11. doi request reprint The impact of Cognitive Stimulation Therapy groups on people with dementia: views from participants, their carers and group facilitators
    Aimee Spector
    Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, UK
    Aging Ment Health 15:945-9. 2011
    ..This study sought to investigate whether improvements found in clinical trials were also noted by people with dementia, their carers and group facilitators in everyday life...
  12. doi request reprint Using a biopsychosocial model of dementia as a tool to guide clinical practice
    Aimee Spector
    Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London, U K
    Int Psychogeriatr 22:957-65. 2010
    ..However, there is a need for a more pragmatic, user-friendly model which takes into account the biological, psychological and social processes...
  13. doi request reprint Cognitive Stimulation Therapy (CST): effects on different areas of cognitive function for people with dementia
    Aimee Spector
    Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK
    Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 25:1253-8. 2010
    ..However, little is known about whether some aspects of cognition might change more than others and why...
  14. doi request reprint Cognitive stimulation for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease
    Aimee Spector
    Sub Department of Clinical Health Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Expert Rev Neurother 8:751-7. 2008
    ..This perspective describes how CST was developed and evaluated, its use in clinical settings and issues for future investigation, such as individualized CST...
  15. ncbi request reprint Quality of life (QoL) in dementia: a comparison of the perceptions of people with dementia and care staff in residential homes
    Aimee Spector
    Department of Mental Health Sciences, University College London, London, UK
    Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord 20:160-5. 2006
    ..Care homes should be aware that low staff hope may be linked to lower resident QoL. Effective training and support for care staff may impact on residents' QoL...
  16. pmc Maintenance Cognitive Stimulation Therapy (CST) for dementia: a single-blind, multi-centre, randomized controlled trial of Maintenance CST vs. CST for dementia
    Elisa Aguirre
    Department of Mental Health Sciences, University College London, Charles Bell House, 67 73 Riding House Street, London, UK
    Trials 11:46. 2010
    ....
  17. pmc Maintenance Cognitive Stimulation Therapy (CST) in practice: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
    Amy Streater
    Unit of Mental Health Sciences, University College London, Charles Bell House, 67 73 Riding House Street, London, UK
    Trials 13:91. 2012
    ..A recent pilot study found that a third of people who attend CST training go on to run CST in practice, but staff identified a lack of support as a key reason for the lack of implementation...
  18. doi request reprint Staff training using STAR: a pilot study in UK care homes
    Judith Goyder
    Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK
    Int Psychogeriatr 24:911-20. 2012
    ..Staff training has been identified as a promising psychosocial intervention. This pilot study investigated the feasibility of implementing the Staff Training in Assisted Living Residences (STAR) program in UK care homes...
  19. doi request reprint Cognitive stimulation therapy (CST): neuropsychological mechanisms of change
    Louise Hall
    Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Int Psychogeriatr 25:479-89. 2013
    ..This study examined the effects of CST on specific cognitive domains and explored the neuropsychological processes underpinning any effects...
  20. ncbi request reprint A pilot study examining the effectiveness of maintenance Cognitive Stimulation Therapy (MCST) for people with dementia
    Martin Orrell
    Department of Mental Health Sciences, University College London, UK
    Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 20:446-51. 2005
    ..This study evaluates the effectiveness of a weekly maintenance CST programme for people with dementia in residential care...
  21. doi request reprint Cognitive-behavioural therapy for anxiety in dementia: pilot randomised controlled trial
    Aimee Spector
    Aimee Spector, PhD, DClinPsy, Georgina Charlesworth, ClinPsyD, PhD, Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London Michael King, MD, PhD, Division of Psychiatry, University College London, London Miles Lattimer, Bsc, North East London NHS Foundation Trust, Goodmayes Hospital, Ilford Susan Sadek, ClinPsyD, Department of Clinical Psychology, University of East Anglia, Norwich Louise Marston, PhD, Department of Primary Care and Population Health, University College London, London Amritpal Rehill, Bsc, Personal Social Services Research Unit, London School of Economics and Political Science, London Juanita Hoe, RMN, PhD, Department of Mental Health Sciences, University College London, London Afifa Qazi, MBBS, Harvard Medical School
    Br J Psychiatry 206:509-16. 2015
    ..Anxiety is common and problematic in dementia, yet there is a lack of effective treatments...
  22. doi request reprint Maintenance cognitive stimulation therapy for dementia: single-blind, multicentre, pragmatic randomised controlled trial
    Martin Orrell
    Martin Orrell, PhD, Elisa Aguirre, PhD, Unit of Mental Health Sciences, University College London, and Research and Development Department, North East London Foundation Trust, Goodmayes Hospital, Ilford Aimee Spector, PhD, Research and Development Department, North East London Foundation Trust, Goodmayes Hospital, Ilford, and Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London Zoe Hoare, PhD, North Wales Organisation for Randomised Trials in Health NWORTH, Institute of Medical and Social Care Research, Bangor Robert T Woods, MSc, DSDC Wales, Bangor University, Bangor Amy Streater, MSc, Unit of Mental Health Sciences, University College London, and Research and Development Department, North East London Foundation Trust, Goodmayes Hospital, Ilford Helen Donovan, PsyD, Clinical Psychology Service, The Netherlands
    Br J Psychiatry 204:454-61. 2014
    ..There is good evidence for the benefits of short-term cognitive stimulation therapy for dementia but little is known about possible long-term effects...
  23. pmc Individual Cognitive Stimulation Therapy for dementia (iCST): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
    Martin Orrell
    Mental Health Sciences Unit, University College, London, UK
    Trials 13:172. 2012
    ..The aim of the current study is to develop and evaluate a home-based individual Cognitive Stimulation Therapy (iCST) programme for people with dementia which can be delivered by their family carer...
  24. doi request reprint Cognitive stimulation for dementia: a systematic review of the evidence of effectiveness from randomised controlled trials
    Elisa Aguirre
    University College London, England, United Kingdom
    Ageing Res Rev 12:253-62. 2013
    ..There is consistent evidence that cognitive stimulation interventions benefit cognitive function and aspects of well-being. Cognitive stimulation should be made more widely available in dementia care...
  25. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of an evidence-based cognitive stimulation therapy programme for people with dementia: randomised controlled trial
    Aimee Spector
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, University College London, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 183:248-54. 2003
    ..A recent Cochrane review of reality orientation therapy identified the need for large, well-designed, multi-centre trials...
  26. doi request reprint The impact of young onset dementia on the family: a literature review
    Emma Svanberg
    Primary Care Psychology and Counselling Service, Tower Hamlets, London, UK
    Int Psychogeriatr 23:356-71. 2011
    ..This paper reviews the literature on the experiences of younger people with dementia and their families in the U.K., and outcomes for carers...
  27. pmc Individual cognitive stimulation therapy for dementia: a clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness pragmatic, multicentre, randomised controlled trial
    Vasiliki Orgeta
    Division of Psychiatry, University College London, London, UK
    Health Technol Assess 19:1-108. 2015
    ..Group cognitive stimulation therapy programmes can benefit cognition and quality of life for people with dementia. Evidence for home-based, carer-led cognitive stimulation interventions is limited...
  28. doi request reprint The development and evaluation of the DK-20: a knowledge of dementia measure
    Niamh Shanahan
    Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Int Psychogeriatr 25:1899-907. 2013
    ..The aim of this study is to develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of the DK-20, a dementia knowledge questionnaire aimed at unqualified care staff...
  29. doi request reprint A review of the effectiveness of memory interventions in mild cognitive impairment (MCI)
    Joshua Stott
    Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK
    Int Psychogeriatr 23:526-38. 2011
    ..The current paper reviews the evidence for the effectiveness of such interventions in enhancing learning of specific information, their impact on untrained material, compensation for memory impairment and improving everyday functioning...
  30. doi request reprint Sense of competence in dementia care staff (SCIDS) scale: development, reliability, and validity
    Astrid Kristine Schepers
    Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK
    Int Psychogeriatr 24:1153-62. 2012
    ..This study describes the development and evaluation of a measure to assess "sense of competence" in dementia care staff and reports on its psychometric properties...
  31. doi request reprint Limited validity of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) in dementia: evidence from a confirmatory factor analysis
    Joshua Stott
    Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK
    Int J Geriatr Psychiatry . 2016
    ..It is frequently used with people with dementia. However, its structural validity has never been examined in this population. The current study used confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to assess this...
  32. doi request reprint Factors influencing the person-carer relationship in people with anxiety and dementia
    Aimee Spector
    a Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK
    Aging Ment Health 20:1055-62. 2016
    ..The aim of this current study was to determine (1) which factors are associated with the quality of the patient-carer relationship and (2) whether these differ between the two perspectives...
  33. pmc ImpRess: an Implementation Readiness checklist developed using a systematic review of randomised controlled trials assessing cognitive stimulation for dementia
    Amy Streater
    North East London Foundation Trust, London, UK
    BMC Med Res Methodol 16:167. 2016
    ....
  34. pmc Psychological treatments for depression and anxiety in dementia and mild cognitive impairment: systematic review and meta-analysis
    Vasiliki Orgeta
    Vasiliki Orgeta, PhD, Division of Psychiatry, University College London Afifa Qazi, MBBS, MRCPsych, Goodmayes Hospital, North East London Foundation Trust Aimee Spector, PhD, DClinPsych, Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London Martin Orrell, PhD, Institute of Mental Health, Nottingham, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 207:293-8. 2015
    ..Anxiety and depression are common in people with dementia and mild cognitive impairment (MCI), but there is uncertainty about the effectiveness of both pharmacological and psychological therapies...
  35. pmc Service users' involvement in the development of individual Cognitive Stimulation Therapy (iCST) for dementia: a qualitative study
    Lauren A Yates
    North East London Foundation Trust, London, UK
    BMC Geriatr 15:4. 2015
    ..This study describes the contribution of people with dementia and carers during the development phase of the intervention and materials...
  36. doi request reprint The biopsychosocial (BPS) model of dementia as a tool for clinical practice. A pilot study
    Catherine Revolta
    Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK
    Int Psychogeriatr 28:1079-89. 2016
    ..This feasibility study aimed to examine the impact of training staff to use the BPS model on skills of formulation, attitude towards dementia and sense of role competence...
  37. doi request reprint Qualitative studies of psychosocial interventions for dementia: a systematic review
    Ottilie Dugmore
    a Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK
    Aging Ment Health 19:955-67. 2015
    ..The review aimed to address this gap by exploring what existing qualitative studies reveal about the implementation, effects and processes of psychosocial interventions for dementia...
  38. pmc The development of individual cognitive stimulation therapy (iCST) for dementia
    Lauren A Yates
    North East London Foundation Trust, University College London, London, UK Division of Psychiatry, University College London, London, UK
    Clin Interv Aging 10:95-104. 2015
    ..This study describes the development phase of the individual cognitive stimulation therapy (iCST) for dementia trial, within this framework...
  39. pmc Effectiveness of weekly cognitive stimulation therapy for people with dementia and the additional impact of enhancing cognitive stimulation therapy with a carer training program
    Jennifer Cove
    Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK
    Clin Interv Aging 9:2143-50. 2014
    ..In addition, CST does not include any formal carer training. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of once weekly CST and determine any additional impact when enhanced with a carer training program...
  40. doi request reprint Cognitive behavior therapy for anxiety in people with dementia: a clinician guideline for a person-centered approach
    Georgina Charlesworth
    University College London, UK North East London NHS Foundation Trust, UK
    Behav Modif 39:390-412. 2015
    ..The approach prioritizes direct work with the person with dementia, with the involvement of a "supportive other" where available and when necessary. The protocol is designed for use by therapists with prior experience in CBT. ..
  41. pmc Guidelines for adapting cognitive stimulation therapy to other cultures
    Elisa Aguirre
    Division of Psychiatry, University College London, London, UK Research and Development Department, North East London Foundation Trust, Goodmayes Hospital, Essex, UK
    Clin Interv Aging 9:1003-7. 2014
    ..Examples based on clinical and practical experience are presented, along with suggestions for applying these changes in different cultural contexts. ..
  42. doi request reprint 'Just helping': Children living with a parent with young onset dementia
    Emma Svanberg
    Primary Care Psychology and Counselling Service, Tower Hamlets PCT, London, UK
    Aging Ment Health 14:740-51. 2010
    ..This study aimed to discover whether children of younger people with dementia can be compared to other young carers, the impact of their caring on mood, burden and resilience and what could promote coping...
  43. doi request reprint A biopsychosocial vignette for case conceptualization in dementia (VIG-Dem): development and pilot study
    Aimee Spector
    Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 7HB, UK
    Int Psychogeriatr 28:1471-80. 2016
    ....
  44. doi request reprint Review of Positive Psychology Outcome Measures for Chronic Illness, Traumatic Brain Injury and Older Adults: Adaptability in Dementia?
    Charlotte R Stoner
    Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK
    Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord 40:340-57. 2015
    ..It aimed to identify robust measures that were suitable for potential adaption or use within a dementia population...
  45. doi request reprint Euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide in dementia: A qualitative study of the views of former dementia carers
    Emily Tomlinson
    Enfield Integrated Learning Disabilities Service, Barnet, Enfield and Haringey NHS, London, UK
    Palliat Med 29:720-6. 2015
    ..Despite media and academic interest on assisted dying in dementia, little is known of the views of those directly affected...
  46. doi request reprint Sonas: a pilot study investigating the effectiveness of an intervention for people with moderate to severe dementia
    Charlotte Hutson
    Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, Torrington, London
    Am J Alzheimers Dis Other Demen 29:696-703. 2014
    ..To investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of Sonas, a group intervention involving multisensory stimulation, reminiscence, and light physical activity...
  47. ncbi request reprint Cognitive stimulation therapy for people with dementia: cost-effectiveness analysis
    Martin Knapp
    Personal Social Services Research Unit, London School of Economics, Houghton Street, London WC2A 2AE
    Br J Psychiatry 188:574-80. 2006
    ..Psychological therapy groups for people with dementia are widely used, but their cost-effectiveness has not been explored...