Christopher M Parry

Summary

Affiliation: University of Liverpool
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Antimicrobial drug resistance in Salmonella enterica
    Christopher M Parry
    University Department of Medical Microbiology and Genitourinary Medicine, Duncan Building, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Daulby Street, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, L69 3GA, UK
    Curr Opin Infect Dis 16:467-72. 2003
  2. pmc Ophthalmic infections in children presenting to Angkor Hospital for Children, Siem Reap, Cambodia
    Phara Khauv
    Cambodia Oxford Medical Research Unit, Angkor Hospital for Children, Siem Reap, Cambodia
    BMC Res Notes 7:784. 2014
  3. pmc Risk factors for the development of severe typhoid fever in Vietnam
    Christopher M Parry
    Wellcome Trust Major Overseas Programme, Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Hospital for Tropical Diseases, 764 Vo Van Kiet, District 5, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
    BMC Infect Dis 14:73. 2014
  4. pmc A retrospective study of secondary bacteraemia in hospitalised adults with community acquired non-typhoidal Salmonella gastroenteritis
    Christopher M Parry
    Tropical and Infectious Disease Unit, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Liverpool, UK
    BMC Infect Dis 13:107. 2013
  5. pmc A changing picture of shigellosis in southern Vietnam: shifting species dominance, antimicrobial susceptibility and clinical presentation
    Ha Vinh
    The Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
    BMC Infect Dis 9:204. 2009
  6. doi request reprint Antimicrobial resistance in typhoidal and nontyphoidal salmonellae
    Christopher M Parry
    Division of Medical Microbiology and Genitourinary Medicine and The National Centre for Zoonosis Research, Faculty of Medicine, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
    Curr Opin Infect Dis 21:531-8. 2008
  7. pmc Randomized controlled comparison of ofloxacin, azithromycin, and an ofloxacin-azithromycin combination for treatment of multidrug-resistant and nalidixic acid-resistant typhoid fever
    Christopher M Parry
    Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 51:819-25. 2007
  8. pmc The influence of reduced susceptibility to fluoroquinolones in Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi on the clinical response to ofloxacin therapy
    Christopher M Parry
    Wellcome Trust Major Overseas Programme, Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, The Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 5:e1163. 2011
  9. pmc A novel ciprofloxacin-resistant subclade of H58 Salmonella Typhi is associated with fluoroquinolone treatment failure
    Duy Pham Thanh
    The Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Wellcome Trust Major Overseas Programme, Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
    elife 5:e14003. 2016
  10. pmc Suitable disk antimicrobial susceptibility breakpoints defining Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi isolates with reduced susceptibility to fluoroquinolones
    Christopher M Parry
    The Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Wellcome Trust Major Overseas Programme, Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, 190 Ben Ham Tu, Quan 5, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 54:5201-8. 2010

Detail Information

Publications42

  1. ncbi request reprint Antimicrobial drug resistance in Salmonella enterica
    Christopher M Parry
    University Department of Medical Microbiology and Genitourinary Medicine, Duncan Building, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Daulby Street, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, L69 3GA, UK
    Curr Opin Infect Dis 16:467-72. 2003
    ..This review addresses the changing patterns of antimicrobial resistance in Salmonella...
  2. pmc Ophthalmic infections in children presenting to Angkor Hospital for Children, Siem Reap, Cambodia
    Phara Khauv
    Cambodia Oxford Medical Research Unit, Angkor Hospital for Children, Siem Reap, Cambodia
    BMC Res Notes 7:784. 2014
    ..We investigated the causes of acute eye infections in 54 children presenting to the ophthalmology clinic at Angkor Hospital for Children, Siem Reap between March and October 2012...
  3. pmc Risk factors for the development of severe typhoid fever in Vietnam
    Christopher M Parry
    Wellcome Trust Major Overseas Programme, Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Hospital for Tropical Diseases, 764 Vo Van Kiet, District 5, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
    BMC Infect Dis 14:73. 2014
    ..Age, sex, prolonged duration of illness, and infection with an antimicrobial resistant organism have been proposed risk factors for the development of severe disease or fatality in typhoid fever...
  4. pmc A retrospective study of secondary bacteraemia in hospitalised adults with community acquired non-typhoidal Salmonella gastroenteritis
    Christopher M Parry
    Tropical and Infectious Disease Unit, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Liverpool, UK
    BMC Infect Dis 13:107. 2013
    ..The clinical significance of bacteraemia secondary to non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) gastroenteritis in hospitalised adults is uncertain...
  5. pmc A changing picture of shigellosis in southern Vietnam: shifting species dominance, antimicrobial susceptibility and clinical presentation
    Ha Vinh
    The Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
    BMC Infect Dis 9:204. 2009
    ..Antimicrobial resistance in the genus Shigella is a constant threat, with reports of organisms in Asia being resistant to multiple antimicrobials and new generation therapies...
  6. doi request reprint Antimicrobial resistance in typhoidal and nontyphoidal salmonellae
    Christopher M Parry
    Division of Medical Microbiology and Genitourinary Medicine and The National Centre for Zoonosis Research, Faculty of Medicine, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
    Curr Opin Infect Dis 21:531-8. 2008
    ..Recent studies documenting the occurrence and types of resistance, with particular reference to quinolones and extended spectrum cephalosporins, and new approaches to treatment are reviewed...
  7. pmc Randomized controlled comparison of ofloxacin, azithromycin, and an ofloxacin-azithromycin combination for treatment of multidrug-resistant and nalidixic acid-resistant typhoid fever
    Christopher M Parry
    Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 51:819-25. 2007
    ..Both antibiotics were well tolerated. Uncomplicated typhoid fever due to isolates of MDR S. enterica serovar Typhi with reduced susceptibility to fluoroquinolones (Na(r)) can be successfully treated with a 7-day course of azithromycin...
  8. pmc The influence of reduced susceptibility to fluoroquinolones in Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi on the clinical response to ofloxacin therapy
    Christopher M Parry
    Wellcome Trust Major Overseas Programme, Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, The Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 5:e1163. 2011
    ..Data from 540 patients randomised to ofloxacin treatment was analysed to identify an MIC of the infecting organism associated with treatment failure...
  9. pmc A novel ciprofloxacin-resistant subclade of H58 Salmonella Typhi is associated with fluoroquinolone treatment failure
    Duy Pham Thanh
    The Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Wellcome Trust Major Overseas Programme, Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
    elife 5:e14003. 2016
    ..01)(pS. Typhi clade internationally, but there are no data regarding disease outcome with this organism. We report an emergent new subclade of S. Typhi-H58 that is associated with fluoroquinolone treatment failure. ..
  10. pmc Suitable disk antimicrobial susceptibility breakpoints defining Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi isolates with reduced susceptibility to fluoroquinolones
    Christopher M Parry
    The Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Wellcome Trust Major Overseas Programme, Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, 190 Ben Ham Tu, Quan 5, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 54:5201-8. 2010
    ..Screening for nalidixic acid resistance or ciprofloxacin and ofloxacin disk inhibition zone are suitable for detecting S. Typhi isolates with reduced fluoroquinolone susceptibility...
  11. pmc Clinical implications of reduced susceptibility to fluoroquinolones in paediatric Shigella sonnei and Shigella flexneri infections
    Corinne N Thompson
    Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Wellcome Trust Major Overseas Programme, The Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam Centre for Tropical Medicine, Oxford University, Oxford, UK The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    J Antimicrob Chemother 71:807-15. 2016
    ..Such information is important to inform therapeutic management for infections caused by this increasingly drug-resistant pathogen, responsible for high morbidity and mortality in young children globally...
  12. ncbi request reprint Specimens and culture media for the laboratory diagnosis of typhoid fever
    John Wain
    The Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Unit, Centre for Tropical Diseases, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
    J Infect Dev Ctries 2:469-74. 2008
    ..However, current methods are not fully optimised and sourcing culture media and bottles for culture media may be problematic...
  13. ncbi request reprint Comparative trial of short-course ofloxacin for uncomplicated typhoid fever in Vietnamese children
    Ha Vinh
    Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
    Ann Trop Paediatr 25:17-22. 2005
    ..typhi. No adverse events were attributable to the ofloxacin. These results extend previous observations on the efficacy of short courses of ofloxacin for children with uncomplicated multi-drug-resistant typhoid fever...
  14. pmc Evaluation of the diagnostic accuracy of a typhoid IgM flow assay for the diagnosis of typhoid fever in Cambodian children using a Bayesian latent class model assuming an imperfect gold standard
    Catrin E Moore
    Mahidol Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit MORU, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Churchill Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom Angkor Hospital for Children, Siem Reap, Cambodia Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Wellcome Trust Major Overseas Programme, Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 90:114-20. 2014
    ..9% (95% credible interval = 58-90), with a specificity of 97.5% (95% credible interval = 95-100). The model estimates of IgMFA sensitivity and specificity were comparable with BCs and better than estimates using conventional analysis...
  15. pmc Semi-recumbent body position fails to prevent healthcare-associated pneumonia in Vietnamese patients with severe tetanus
    Huynh Thi Loan
    Hospital for Tropical Diseases, 190 Ben Ham Tu, District 5, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 106:90-7. 2012
    ..9%) vs 76/117 (65.0%); p=0.03] and need for tracheostomy [51/112 (45.5%) vs 69/117 (58.9%); p=0.04) was greater in semi-recumbent patients. Semi-recumbent body positioning did not prevent the occurrence of HCAP in severe tetanus patients...
  16. pmc The Molecular and Spatial Epidemiology of Typhoid Fever in Rural Cambodia
    Duy Pham Thanh
    The Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Wellcome Trust Major Overseas Programme, Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 10:e0004785. 2016
    ..Our data provide a platform for additional population-based typhoid fever studies in this location, and suggest that this would be a suitable setting in which to introduce a school-based vaccination programme with Vi conjugate vaccines. ..
  17. pmc Antimicrobial drug resistance of Salmonella enterica serovar typhi in asia and molecular mechanism of reduced susceptibility to the fluoroquinolones
    Tran Thuy Chau
    Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Hospital for Tropical Diseases, 190 Ben Ham Tu, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 51:4315-23. 2007
    ..The 8-methoxy fluoroquinolone gatifloxacin showed rapid killing of serovar Typhi harboring both the single- and double-amino-acid substitutions...
  18. pmc Foreign travel and decreased ciprofloxacin susceptibility in Salmonella enterica infections
    Manar Al-Mashhadani
    University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
    Emerg Infect Dis 17:123-5. 2011
    ..9%) of 492 isolates. The lower susceptibility was associated with ciprofloxacin treatment failures and with particular serovars and phage types often acquired during foreign travel...
  19. doi request reprint The decline of typhoid and the rise of non-typhoid salmonellae and fungal infections in a changing HIV landscape: bloodstream infection trends over 15 years in southern Vietnam
    Tran Vu Thieu Nga
    The Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Wellcome Trust Major Overseas Programme, Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, 190 Ben Ham Tu, Quan 5, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 106:26-34. 2012
    ..We propose such changes are related to increasing economic prosperity and HIV prevalence, and this pattern marks a substantial change in the epidemiology of invasive salmonellosis in Southeast Asia...
  20. pmc Emergence of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii as the major cause of ventilator-associated pneumonia in intensive care unit patients at an infectious disease hospital in southern Vietnam
    Nguyen Thi Khanh Nhu
    The Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Wellcome Trust Major Overseas Programme, Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    J Med Microbiol 63:1386-94. 2014
    ..baumannii isolate. This work highlights the emergence of a carbapenem-resistant clone of A. baumannii and a worrying trend of antimicrobial resistance in the ICU of the Hospital for Tropical Diseases in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam...
  21. ncbi request reprint The treatment of multidrug-resistant and nalidixic acid-resistant typhoid fever in Viet Nam
    Christopher M Parry
    Oxford University Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Unit, Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 98:413-22. 2004
    ..New, effective, and affordable regimens are needed to treat these NaR infections. Short courses of the new generation fluoroquinolones or combinations of the available antimicrobials are possible options...
  22. doi request reprint Staphylococcus aureus with reduced glycopeptide susceptibility in Liverpool, UK
    Andrew Kirby
    School of Infection and Host Defence, Duncan Building, University of Liverpool, Daulby Street, Liverpool L69 3GA, UK
    J Antimicrob Chemother 65:721-4. 2010
    ..To investigate if colonization with heterogeneous glycopeptide-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus (hGISA) is associated with hGISA bacteraemia...
  23. pmc Variation at HLA-DRB1 is associated with resistance to enteric fever
    Sarah J Dunstan
    1 Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam 2 Centre for Tropical Medicine, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, Oxford University, Oxford, UK 3 Nossal Institute of Global Health, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Nat Genet 46:1333-6. 2014
    ..14, P = 2.60 × 10(-11)) could entirely explain the association at rs7765379, thus implicating HLA-DRB1 as a major contributor to resistance against enteric fever, presumably through antigen presentation. ..
  24. pmc Prognosis of neonatal tetanus in the modern management era: an observational study in 107 Vietnamese infants
    Phung Khanh Lam
    Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Hospital for Tropical Diseases, 764, Vo Van Kiet, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
    Int J Infect Dis 33:7-11. 2015
    ..We aimed to determine the factors associated with worse outcomes in a Vietnamese hospital with neonatal intensive care facilities...
  25. doi request reprint An in vitro investigation of synergy or antagonism between antimicrobial combinations against isolates from bacterial keratitis
    Henri Sueke
    Department of Ophthalmology, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Liverpool, UK
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 51:4151-5. 2010
    ..To investigate antimicrobial combinations for synergy or antagonism against isolates of Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa...
  26. doi request reprint Invasive non-typhoid salmonellae establish systemic intracellular infection in HIV-infected adults: an emerging disease pathogenesis
    Melita A Gordon
    Malawi Liverpool Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Programme, Blantyre, Liverpool, UK
    Clin Infect Dis 50:953-62. 2010
    ..The importance of intracellular NTS infection in HIV is unknown...
  27. doi request reprint Changes in the sublingual microcirculation and endothelial adhesion molecules during the course of severe meningococcal disease treated in the paediatric intensive care unit
    Fauzia Paize
    Institute of Child Health, University of Liverpool, Alder Hey Children s NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool, L12 2AP, UK
    Intensive Care Med 38:863-71. 2012
    ..We studied sublingual microcirculatory disturbances in children with meningococcal disease (MCD) and simultaneously measured plasma levels of adhesion molecules...
  28. pmc In vitro activity of colistin in antimicrobial combination against carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii isolated from patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia in Vietnam
    Vien Le Minh
    1 Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Wellcome Trust Major Overseas Programme, Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam 2 Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, CA, USA
    J Med Microbiol 64:1162-9. 2015
    ..Our findings suggest that combinations of colistin and meropenem should be considered when treating carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii infections in Vietnam, and we advocate clinical trials investigating combination therapy for VAP. ..
  29. pmc Typhoid fever among hospitalized febrile children in Siem Reap, Cambodia
    Lalith P M Wijedoru
    Child and Reproductive Health Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine LSTM, Liverpool, UK
    J Trop Pediatr 58:68-70. 2012
    ..The specificity of the IgMFA and PCR assays requires further study...
  30. pmc Clinically and microbiologically derived azithromycin susceptibility breakpoints for Salmonella enterica serovars Typhi and Paratyphi A
    Christopher M Parry
    Wellcome Trust Major Overseas Programme, The Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam Centre for Tropical Medicine and Global Health, Old Road Campus, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom School of Tropical Medicine and Global Health, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 59:2756-64. 2015
    ..Further work is needed to define the response to treatment in S. Typhi isolates with an azithromycin MIC of >16 μg/ml and to determine MIC and disk breakpoints for S. Paratyphi A...
  31. pmc A TNF region haplotype offers protection from typhoid fever in Vietnamese patients
    Sarah J Dunstan
    Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Hospital for Tropical Diseases, 190 Ben Ham Tu, Quan 5, District 5, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
    Hum Genet 122:51-61. 2007
    ..Finally, individuals that carry the typhoid fever protective haplotype *12122*1111 also produce a relatively low TNF-alpha response to LPS...
  32. ncbi request reprint Impact of improved vaccination programme and intensive care facilities on incidence and outcome of tetanus in southern Vietnam, 1993-2002
    C Louise Thwaites
    Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Hospital for Tropical Diseases, 190 Ben Ham Tu, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 98:671-7. 2004
    ..Improved intensive care facilities, such as mechanical ventilation and low-cost infection control procedures are associated with a significant reduction in mortality...
  33. pmc Molecular analysis of the 18S rRNA gene of Cryptosporidium parasites from patients with or without human immunodeficiency virus infections living in Kenya, Malawi, Brazil, the United Kingdom, and Vietnam
    Wangeci Gatei
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    J Clin Microbiol 41:1458-62. 2003
    ..The variation within genotypes was conserved in all geographical regions regardless of the patients' HIV status. The extensive diversity within genotypes at the 18S rRNA gene locus may limit its application to phylogenetic analyses...
  34. doi request reprint Meeting report: A celebration of the work of Professor Tony Hart, Liverpool, United Kingdom, 7 March 2009
    Nigel A Cunliffe
    Division of Medical Microbiology, School of Infection and Host Defence, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
    J Antimicrob Chemother 65:822-6. 2010
    ....
  35. ncbi request reprint Factors associated with carriage of penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae among Vietnamese children: a rural-urban divide
    A B Quagliarello
    University of Oxford Clinical Research Unit, Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
    J Health Popul Nutr 21:316-24. 2003
    ..The results suggest a greater understanding of the subtleties of healthcare-seeking behaviour, and access to healthcare is needed to help refine and guide rationale suggestions to reduce the continued spread of drug resistance...
  36. pmc Emergence in Vietnam of Streptococcus pneumoniae resistant to multiple antimicrobial agents as a result of dissemination of the multiresistant Spain(23F)-1 clone
    Christopher M Parry
    Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Unit, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 46:3512-7. 2002
    ..Simple clinical predictors can be used to guide empirical antibiotic therapy of meningitis. Pneumococcal vaccination may help to control this problem...
  37. ncbi request reprint Clinical features and predictors of diphtheritic cardiomyopathy in Vietnamese children
    Rachel Kneen
    Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Unit, Centre for Tropical Diseases, Cho Quan Hospital, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
    Clin Infect Dis 39:1591-8. 2004
    ..Despite the availability of antitoxin and antibiotics, the mortality rate for diphtheria remains high, mostly because of cardiac complications...
  38. doi request reprint Diagnostic efficacy of activated partial thromboplastin time waveform and procalcitonin analysis in pediatric meningococcal sepsis
    Fauzia Paize
    Institute of Child Health, University of Liverpool, Alder Hey Children s National Health Service Foundation Trust, Liverpool, UK
    Pediatr Crit Care Med 12:e322-9. 2011
    ..Our aim is to ascertain whether there are changes in the activated partial thromboplastin time waveform in children with meningococcal disease and to compare its diagnostic use with procalcitonin...
  39. ncbi request reprint Typhoid fever
    Christopher M Parry
    Centre for Tropical Medicine, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    N Engl J Med 347:1770-82. 2002
  40. ncbi request reprint Double blind comparison of ibuprofen and paracetamol for adjunctive treatment of uncomplicated typhoid fever
    Ha Vinh
    Hospital for Tropical Diseases and University of Oxford Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Unit, Chi Minh City, Vietnam
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 23:226-30. 2004
    ..Antipyretics reduce the prolonged, high fever characteristic of typhoid fever. The benefits of nonsteroidal drugs in this role have not been quantified. There have been concerns about the safety of antipyretics in typhoid...
  41. pmc Use of paired serum samples for serodiagnosis of typhoid fever
    Deborah House
    Centre for Molecular Microbiology and Infection, Department of Biological Sciences, Imperial College London, South Kensington, UK
    J Clin Microbiol 43:4889-90. 2005
    ....
  42. pmc Test for quinolone resistance in typhoid fever
    Christopher M Parry
    BMJ 333:260-1. 2006