Affiliation: University of Bristol
- The effect of age of introduction to lumpy solids on foods eaten and reported feeding difficulties at 6 and 15 monthsK Northstone
J Hum Nutr Diet 14:43-54. 2001..The study aimed to document the dietary patterns of infants and determine the development of feeding difficulties as perceived by the mother according to the age at which lumpy solids were introduced into the diet...
- Dietary patterns in pregnancy and associations with socio-demographic and lifestyle factorsK Northstone
Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
Eur J Clin Nutr 62:471-9. 2008..To obtain distinct dietary patterns in the third trimester of pregnancy using principal components analysis (PCA); to determine associations with socio-demographic and lifestyle factors...
- Randot Preschool Stereoacuity Test: normative data and validityEileen Birch
Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, Texas, USA
J AAPOS 12:23-6. 2008..Here we report extensive normative and validity data for the final version of the test. In addition, we report normative data for a new, fourth book that adds finer disparities...
- Longitudinal comparisons of dietary patterns derived by cluster analysis in 7- to 13-year-old childrenKate Northstone
School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Oakfield House, Oakfield Road, Clifton, Bristol BS8 2BN, UK
Br J Nutr 109:2050-8. 2013..Cluster analysis provides a simple way of examining changes in dietary patterns over time, and similar underlying patterns of diet at two ages during late childhood, that persisted through to early adolescence...
- Body stature growth trajectories during childhood and the development of myopiaKate Northstone
School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
Ophthalmology 120:1064-73.e1. 2013..We investigated whether height and weight growth trajectories from birth to age 10 years were related to refractive error at ages 11 and 15 years, and eye size at age 15 years...
- Are dietary patterns in childhood associated with IQ at 8 years of age? A population-based cohort studyKate Northstone
Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Oakfield House, Oakfield Grove, Clifton, Bristol BS8 1TQ, UK
J Epidemiol Community Health 66:624-8. 2012..Little is known about the effects of overall diet in childhood and intelligence later in life...
- Complementary or alternative? The use of homeopathic products and antibiotics amongst pre-school childrenLesley Wye
Academic Unit of Primary Health Care, Community Based Medicine, University of Bristol, Cotham House, Cotham Hill, Bristol, UK
BMC Fam Pract 9:8. 2008....
- Are dietary patterns stable throughout early and mid-childhood? A birth cohort studyKate Northstone
Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, 24 Tyndall Avenue, Bristol BS8 1TQ, UK
Br J Nutr 100:1069-76. 2008..It is important to make regular dietary assessments during childhood in order to assess accurately the effects of diet on future health outcomes...
- Dietary patterns in pregnancy and associations with nutrient intakesKate Northstone
Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
Br J Nutr 99:406-15. 2008..There is, therefore, potential for dietary patterns to be used as a valid tool in assessing the relationship between diet and health outcomes, and dietary pattern scores could be used as covariates in specific nutrient-disease studies...
- Adjusting for energy intake in dietary pattern investigations using principal components analysisK Northstone
Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, 24 Tyndall Avenue, Bristol, UK
Eur J Clin Nutr 62:931-8. 2008..The effect of energy adjustment on variables entered into principal component analysis (PCA) to derive dietary patterns has received little attention...
- Dietary patterns of men in ALSPAC: associations with socio-demographic and lifestyle characteristics, nutrient intake and comparison with women's dietary patternsK Northstone
Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
Eur J Clin Nutr 64:978-86. 2010....
- Drinks consumed by 18-month-old children: are current recommendations being followed?K Northstone
Unit of Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
Eur J Clin Nutr 56:236-44. 2002..To examine the types of drinks consumed by children at 18 months of age, determine any associations with socio-demographic characteristics and investigate the use of a bottle for providing these drinks...
- Multivariate analysis of diet in children at four and seven years of age and associations with socio-demographic characteristicsK Northstone
Unit of Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, Bristol University, Bristol, UK
Eur J Clin Nutr 59:751-60. 2005..We have previously reported on distinct dietary patterns obtained from principal components analysis (PCA) of food frequency questionnaires from 3-y-old children. In this study, we repeat these analyses at 4 and 7 y of age...
- A comparison of methods to assess changes in dietary patterns from pregnancy to 4 years post-partum obtained using principal components analysisKate Northstone
Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
Br J Nutr 99:1099-106. 2008..We recommend that future studies using such 'applied' scores compare them with cross-sectional scores and consider the implications of any differences...
- Prevalence and risk factors for common vision problems in children: data from the ALSPAC studyC Williams
Centre for Child and Academic Health, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
Br J Ophthalmol 92:959-64. 2008..To estimate the distribution and predictors of some common visual problems (strabismus, amblyopia, hypermetropia) within a population-based cohort of children at the age of 7 years...
- A comparison of dietary patterns derived by cluster and principal components analysis in a UK cohort of childrenA D A C Smith
School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
Eur J Clin Nutr 65:1102-9. 2011....
- Childhood diet and behavioural problems: results from the ALSPAC cohortP J Peacock
School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, UK
Eur J Clin Nutr 65:720-6. 2011..To investigate whether a 'junk food' diet at 81 months of age is associated with the development of behavioural problems over the following 16 months...
- Stereoacuity at age 3.5 y in children born full-term is associated with prenatal and postnatal dietary factors: a report from a population-based cohort studyC Williams
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Bristol, United Kingdom
Am J Clin Nutr 73:316-22. 2001....
- Are there inequities in the utilisation of childhood eye-care services in relation to socio-economic status? Evidence from the ALSPAC cohortM Majeed
Department of Social Medicine, Canynge Hall, Bristol, UK
Br J Ophthalmol 92:965-9. 2008....
- Medication administered to children from 0 to 7.5 years in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC)J Headley
Department of Community Based Medicine, University of Bristol, 24 Tyndall Avenue, Bristol BS8 1TQ, UK
Eur J Clin Pharmacol 63:189-95. 2007..To present data on the parentally-reported use of all types of medicinal products in children from 0 to 7.5 years, in a large cohort in south-west England...
- The timing of patching treatment and a child's wellbeingC Williams
Department of Community Based Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
Br J Ophthalmol 90:670-1. 2006
- 'Junk food' diet and childhood behavioural problems: results from the ALSPAC cohortN J Wiles
Department of Community Based Medicine, Academic Unit of Psychiatry, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
Eur J Clin Nutr 63:491-8. 2009..To determine whether a 'junk food' diet at age 4(1/2) is associated with behavioural problems at age 7...
- Medication use during pregnancy: data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and ChildrenJ Headley
Unit of Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, Institute of Child Health, University of Bristol, 24 Tyndall Avenue, Bristol BS8 1TQ, UK
Eur J Clin Pharmacol 60:355-61. 2004..To present data on the self-reported use of all types of medicinal products collected during pregnancy in a large cohort in southwest England...
- Amblyopia treatment outcomes after screening before or at age 3 years: follow up from randomised trialC Williams
Division of Child Health, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1TQ
BMJ 324:1549. 2002..To assess the effectiveness of early treatment for amblyopia in children...
- How to help children with neurodevelopmental and visual problems: a scoping reviewC Williams
School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, Somerset, UK
Br J Ophthalmol 98:6-12. 2014..More information is needed on the effectiveness of training/practice programmes which may promote improved function, and of environmental modifications to facilitate engagement of children with VND with the surroundings. ..
- The use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine in pregnancy: data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC)J L Bishop
University of Bristol, School of Social and Community Medicine, Barley House, Oakfield Grove, Bristol, UK
Complement Ther Med 19:303-10. 2011..To report the frequency of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) use by a population of pregnant women in the UK...
- Pre- and postnatal parental smoking and wheeze in infancy: cross cultural differences. Avon Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) Study Team, European Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood (ELSPAC) Co-ordinating CentreA J Henderson
Institute of Child Health, University of Bristol, Royal Hospital for Sick Children, UK
Eur Respir J 18:323-9. 2001..Possible explanations of these observations include dose-related effects of prenatal and postnatal tobacco smoke exposure of infants...
- Sources of vitamin D and calcium in the diets of preschool children in the UK and the theoretical effect of food fortificationV L Cribb
Centre for Child and Adolescent Health, School for Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
J Hum Nutr Diet 28:583-92. 2015..Dietary intakes of vitamin D are very low in the UK. Dietary calcium is also necessary to promote bone health. The fortification of foods with vitamin D could be a safe and effective way of increasing intake...
- Amblyopia treatment outcomes after preschool screening v school entry screening: observational data from a prospective cohort studyC Williams
Division of Child Health, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
Br J Ophthalmol 87:988-93. 2003..Data collected within a birth cohort study were used to examine visual outcomes at 7(1/2) years in children who did or did not receive preschool vision screening...
- Sex-specific, male-line transgenerational responses in humansMarcus E Pembrey
Clinical and Molecular Genetics Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, England, UK
Eur J Hum Genet 14:159-66. 2006..Such responses add an entirely new dimension to the study of gene-environment interactions in development and health...
- Male employment in some printing trades is associated with prolonged time to conceptionW C L Ford
Division of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
Int J Androl 25:295-300. 2002..The association with time to conception was stronger in the subgroup 'Other printing related trades' (OPCS code 569) but no statistically significant associations after adjustment for other factors were found for other printing jobs...
- Maternal use of cannabis and pregnancy outcomeDavid M Fergusson
Christchurch Health and Development Study, Christchurch School of Medicine, Christchurch Hospital, New Zealand
BJOG 109:21-7. 2002....
- The prevalence of childhood dysphonia: a cross-sectional studyPaul N Carding
Otolaryngology, The Medical School, Newcastle University, Newcastle, UK
J Voice 20:623-30. 2006..Parental report suggested significant risk factors with respect to asthma and tonsillectomy. These results are discussed in detail...
- Nocturnal enuresis at 7.5 years old: prevalence and analysis of clinical signsRichard J Butler
Clinical Psychology, Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services, East Leeds Primary Care Trust, Leeds, UK
BJU Int 96:404-10. 2005..5 years old, and to examine the frequency of variables such as gender, severity, associated elimination problems, and clinical signs within the identified group...
- Early feeding problems in children with cerebral palsy: weight and neurodevelopmental outcomesSara Motion
Unit of Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, Institute of Child Health, Bristol, UK
Dev Med Child Neurol 44:40-3. 2002..005) at 8 years of age. Early, persistent, and severe feeding difficulties are a marker for subsequent poor growth, feeding, and developmental outcomes and can identify children with CP who will benefit from gastrostomy feeding...
- Symptoms of mothers and infants related to total volatile organic compounds in household productsAlexandra Farrow
Department of Health and Social Care, Brunel University, Isleworth, United Kingdom
Arch Environ Health 58:633-41. 2003..The results of the study suggest a link between the use of products that raise indoor levels of TVOCs and an increased risk of certain symptoms among infants and their mothers...
- Earlier mother's age at menarche predicts rapid infancy growth and childhood obesityKen K Ong
Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit, Cambridge, United Kingdom
PLoS Med 4:e132. 2007..As age at menarche is a heritable trait, we hypothesised that age at menarche in the mother may in turn predict her children's early growth and obesity risk...
- Alcohol, breastfeeding, and development at 18 monthsRuth E Little
Epidemiology Branch, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, USA
Pediatrics 109:E72-2. 2002..We aimed to replicate a previous study of 1-year-olds that reported a deficit in motor development associated with moderate alcohol use during lactation, using a different but comparable population...
- Analysis of the individual and aggregate genetic contributions of previously identified serine peptidase inhibitor Kazal type 5 (SPINK5), kallikrein-related peptidase 7 (KLK7), and filaggrin (FLG) polymorphisms to eczema riskStephan Weidinger
Department of Dermatology and Allergy Biederstein, Technical University Munich, Munich, Germany
J Allergy Clin Immunol 122:560-8.e4. 2008..These genes encode proteins thought to be involved in the regulation of posttranslation processing of filaggrin (FLG), the strongest identified genetic risk factor for eczema to date...
- Swimming and birth weightMark J Nieuwenhuijsen
Department of Environmental Sciences and Technology, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, Royal School of Mines, London, UK
Epidemiology 13:725-8. 2002..There are no published studies on the relation between swimming and birth weight. We explored this relation in a large birth cohort, the Avon (England) Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), in 1991-1992...
- Twins as a natural experiment to study the causes of mild language delay: I: Design; twin-singleton differences in language, and obstetric risksMichael Rutter
Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Research Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 44:326-41. 2003..The present study was designed to pit these alternatives against one another as possible causal influences...
- The burden of disease associated with filaggrin mutations: a population-based, longitudinal birth cohort studyJohn Henderson
Department of Community Based Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
J Allergy Clin Immunol 121:872-7.e9. 2008..Atopic disease is a major health problem. Mutations in the filaggrin gene (FLG) confer major susceptibility to eczema and related asthma...
- Factors associated with the development of peanut allergy in childhoodGideon Lack
Department of Paediatric Allergy and Immunology, St Mary s Hospital at Imperial College, London, United Kingdom
N Engl J Med 348:977-85. 2003..The prevalence of peanut allergy appears to have increased in recent decades. Other than a family history of peanut allergy and the presence of atopy, there are no known risk factors...
- Prospective study of breast-feeding in relation to wheeze, atopy, and bronchial hyperresponsiveness in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC)Leslie Elliott
Epidemiology Branch, Division of Intramural Research, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA
J Allergy Clin Immunol 122:49-54, 54.e1-3. 2008..Breast-feeding clearly protects against early wheezing, but recent data suggest that it might increase later risk of atopic disease and asthma...