Evangelos Kontopantelis

Summary

Affiliation: University of Manchester
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Quality of primary care in England with the introduction of pay for performance
    Stephen Campbell
    National Primary Care Research and Development Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
    N Engl J Med 357:181-90. 2007
  2. pmc Longitudinal multiple imputation approaches for body mass index or other variables with very low individual-level variability: the mibmi command in Stata
    Evangelos Kontopantelis
    NIHR School for Primary Care Research, University of Manchester, Williamson Building, Oxford Road, Manchester, M13 9PL, UK
    BMC Res Notes 10:41. 2017
  3. pmc Outcome-sensitive multiple imputation: a simulation study
    Evangelos Kontopantelis
    The Farr Institute for Health Informatics Research, University of Manchester, Vaughan House, Manchester, M13 9GB, UK
    BMC Med Res Methodol 17:2. 2017
  4. pmc Investigating the relationship between quality of primary care and premature mortality in England: a spatial whole-population study
    Evangelos Kontopantelis
    Centre for Health Informatics, Institute of Population Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK NIHR School for Primary Care Research, Centre for Primary Care, Institute of Population Health, University of Manchester
    BMJ 350:h904. 2015
  5. doi request reprint Glucose, blood pressure and cholesterol levels and their relationships to clinical outcomes in type 2 diabetes: a retrospective cohort study
    Evangelos Kontopantelis
    NIHR School for Primary Care Research, Centre for Primary Care, Institute of Population Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    Diabetologia 58:505-18. 2015
  6. pmc A re-analysis of the Cochrane Library data: the dangers of unobserved heterogeneity in meta-analyses
    Evangelos Kontopantelis
    Centre for Primary Care, NIHR School for Primary Care Research, Institute of Population Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 8:e69930. 2013
  7. pmc The clinical and cost-effectiveness of the BRinging Information and Guided Help Together (BRIGHT) intervention for the self-management support of people with stage 3 chronic kidney disease in primary care: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
    Christian Blickem
    Centre for Primary Care, Institute of Population Health, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
    Trials 14:28. 2013
  8. doi request reprint Recorded quality of primary care for patients with diabetes in England before and after the introduction of a financial incentive scheme: a longitudinal observational study
    Evangelos Kontopantelis
    Health Sciences Primary Care Research Group, 5th Floor Williamson Building, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
    BMJ Qual Saf 22:53-64. 2013
  9. doi request reprint Performance of statistical methods for meta-analysis when true study effects are non-normally distributed: A simulation study
    Evangelos Kontopantelis
    National Primary Care Research and Development Centre, University of Manchester, Williamson Building, 5th Floor, Oxford Road, M13 9PL, UK
    Stat Methods Med Res 21:409-26. 2012
  10. pmc Family doctor responses to changes in incentives for influenza immunization under the U.K. Quality and Outcomes Framework pay-for-performance scheme
    Evangelos Kontopantelis
    Health Sciences Primary Care Research Group, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    Health Serv Res 47:1117-36. 2012

Detail Information

Publications49

  1. ncbi request reprint Quality of primary care in England with the introduction of pay for performance
    Stephen Campbell
    National Primary Care Research and Development Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
    N Engl J Med 357:181-90. 2007
  2. pmc Longitudinal multiple imputation approaches for body mass index or other variables with very low individual-level variability: the mibmi command in Stata
    Evangelos Kontopantelis
    NIHR School for Primary Care Research, University of Manchester, Williamson Building, Oxford Road, Manchester, M13 9PL, UK
    BMC Res Notes 10:41. 2017
    ..However, the structure of the data values makes standard cross-sectional multiple-imputation approaches unsuitable. In this paper we propose and evaluate mibmi, a new command for cleaning and imputing longitudinal body mass index data...
  3. pmc Outcome-sensitive multiple imputation: a simulation study
    Evangelos Kontopantelis
    The Farr Institute for Health Informatics Research, University of Manchester, Vaughan House, Manchester, M13 9GB, UK
    BMC Med Res Methodol 17:2. 2017
    ....
  4. pmc Investigating the relationship between quality of primary care and premature mortality in England: a spatial whole-population study
    Evangelos Kontopantelis
    Centre for Health Informatics, Institute of Population Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK NIHR School for Primary Care Research, Centre for Primary Care, Institute of Population Health, University of Manchester
    BMJ 350:h904. 2015
    ....
  5. doi request reprint Glucose, blood pressure and cholesterol levels and their relationships to clinical outcomes in type 2 diabetes: a retrospective cohort study
    Evangelos Kontopantelis
    NIHR School for Primary Care Research, Centre for Primary Care, Institute of Population Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    Diabetologia 58:505-18. 2015
    ..We aimed to describe the shape of observed relationships between risk factor levels and clinically important outcomes in type 2 diabetes after adjusting for multiple confounders...
  6. pmc A re-analysis of the Cochrane Library data: the dangers of unobserved heterogeneity in meta-analyses
    Evangelos Kontopantelis
    Centre for Primary Care, NIHR School for Primary Care Research, Institute of Population Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 8:e69930. 2013
    ..We aim to: a) investigate the prevalence of unobserved heterogeneity and the validity of the assumption of homogeneity; b) assess the performance of various meta-analysis methods; c) apply the findings to published meta-analyses...
  7. pmc The clinical and cost-effectiveness of the BRinging Information and Guided Help Together (BRIGHT) intervention for the self-management support of people with stage 3 chronic kidney disease in primary care: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
    Christian Blickem
    Centre for Primary Care, Institute of Population Health, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
    Trials 14:28. 2013
    ..This paper outlines the implementation and evaluation of a self-management intervention involving an information guidebook, tailored access to local resources and telephone support for people with stage 3 chronic kidney disease...
  8. doi request reprint Recorded quality of primary care for patients with diabetes in England before and after the introduction of a financial incentive scheme: a longitudinal observational study
    Evangelos Kontopantelis
    Health Sciences Primary Care Research Group, 5th Floor Williamson Building, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
    BMJ Qual Saf 22:53-64. 2013
    ..We assessed the effect of the incentives on recorded quality of care for diabetes patients and its variation by patient and practice characteristics...
  9. doi request reprint Performance of statistical methods for meta-analysis when true study effects are non-normally distributed: A simulation study
    Evangelos Kontopantelis
    National Primary Care Research and Development Centre, University of Manchester, Williamson Building, 5th Floor, Oxford Road, M13 9PL, UK
    Stat Methods Med Res 21:409-26. 2012
    ..Performance was evaluated in terms of coverage (Type I error), power (Type II error) and overall effect estimation (accuracy of point estimates and error intervals)...
  10. pmc Family doctor responses to changes in incentives for influenza immunization under the U.K. Quality and Outcomes Framework pay-for-performance scheme
    Evangelos Kontopantelis
    Health Sciences Primary Care Research Group, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    Health Serv Res 47:1117-36. 2012
    ..To analyze the effect of setting higher targets, in a primary care pay-for-performance scheme, on rates of influenza immunization and exception reporting...
  11. pmc Patient experience of access to primary care: identification of predictors in a national patient survey
    Evangelos Kontopantelis
    National Primary Care Research and Development Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
    BMC Fam Pract 11:61. 2010
    ..Our aim was to identify predictors of patient satisfaction and experience with access to English primary care...
  12. doi request reprint Effects of pay for performance on the quality of primary care in England
    Stephen M Campbell
    National Primary Care Research and Development Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
    N Engl J Med 361:368-78. 2009
    ..A pay-for-performance scheme based on meeting targets for the quality of clinical care was introduced to family practice in England in 2004...
  13. doi request reprint Effect of financial incentives on inequalities in the delivery of primary clinical care in England: analysis of clinical activity indicators for the quality and outcomes framework
    Tim Doran
    National Primary Care Research and Development Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    Lancet 372:728-36. 2008
    ..We examined the relation between socioeconomic inequalities and delivered quality of clinical care in the first 3 years of this scheme...
  14. doi request reprint Risk of self-harm in physically ill patients in UK primary care
    Roger T Webb
    Centre for Suicide Prevention, Centre for Mental Health and Risk, University of Manchester, England, United Kingdom
    J Psychosom Res 73:92-7. 2012
    ....
  15. pmc Changes in patient experiences of primary care during health service reforms in England between 2003 and 2007
    Stephen M Campbell
    National Primary Care Research and Development Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
    Ann Fam Med 8:499-506. 2010
    ..Little is known about the impact of these changes on patient experience. We examine patient reports of quality of care between 2003 and 2007, including random samples of patients on practice lists and patients with long-term conditions...
  16. doi request reprint Association Between Chronic Physical Conditions and the Effectiveness of Collaborative Care for Depression: An Individual Participant Data Meta-analysis
    Maria Panagioti
    National Institute of Health Research School for Primary Care Research, Centre for Primary Care, Institute of Population Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, England
    JAMA Psychiatry 73:978-89. 2016
    ..However, only participant-level analyses can rigorously test whether the treatment effect is influenced by participant characteristics, such as chronic physical conditions...
  17. pmc Modelling Conditions and Health Care Processes in Electronic Health Records: An Application to Severe Mental Illness with the Clinical Practice Research Datalink
    Iván Olier
    Institute of Biotechnology, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 11:e0146715. 2016
    ..We present a methodology and accompanying Stata and R commands (pcdsearch/Rpcdsearch) to help researchers in this task. We present severe mental illness as an example...
  18. pmc Effect of financial incentives on incentivised and non-incentivised clinical activities: longitudinal analysis of data from the UK Quality and Outcomes Framework
    Tim Doran
    National Primary Care Research and Development Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
    BMJ 342:d3590. 2011
    ..To investigate whether the incentive scheme for UK general practitioners led them to neglect activities not included in the scheme...
  19. pmc Exempting dissenting patients from pay for performance schemes: retrospective analysis of exception reporting in the UK Quality and Outcomes Framework
    Tim Doran
    Health Sciences Research Group Primary Care, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
    BMJ 344:e2405. 2012
    ..To examine the reasons why practices exempt patients from the UK Quality and Outcomes Framework pay for performance scheme (exception reporting) and to identify the characteristics of general practices associated with informed dissent...
  20. ncbi request reprint Pay-for-performance programs in family practices in the United Kingdom
    Tim Doran
    National Primary Care Research and Development Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
    N Engl J Med 355:375-84. 2006
    ..This contract increases existing income according to performance with respect to 146 quality indicators covering clinical care for 10 chronic diseases, organization of care, and patient experience...
  21. doi request reprint Determinants and Outcomes of Stroke Following Percutaneous Coronary Intervention by Indication
    Phyo Kyaw Myint
    From the Epidemiology Group, Institute of Applied Health Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Scotland, UK P K M Keele Cardiovascular Research Group, Institute of Science and Technology in Medicine, Keele University, Stoke on Trent, UK C S K, C R, M A M Farr Institute, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK E K, M A M Department of Cardiology, Freeman Hospital and Institute of Cellular Medicine, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK A Z Department of Cardiology, Royal Jubilee Hospital, Glasgow, UK C B Department of Cardiology, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK P F L and Department of Cardiology, The James Cook University Hospital, Middlesbrough, UK M A d B
    Stroke 47:1500-7. 2016
    ..Stroke after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a serious complication, but its determinants and outcomes after PCI in different clinical settings are poorly documented...
  22. doi request reprint Outcomes Following Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Patients With Previous Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery
    Javaid Iqbal
    From the Manchester Heart Centre, Manchester Royal Infirmary, Manchester, UK J I Keele Cardiovascular Research Group, Keele University, Stoke on Trent, UK C S K, M A M Department of Cardiology, Royal Stoke Hospital, University Hospital North Midlands NHS Trust, UK C S K, M G, M A M Farr Institute, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK E K, M A M Department of Cardiology, The James Cook University Hospital, Middlesbrough, UK M A d B Department of Cardiology, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham, UK P F L and Department of Cardiology, Freeman Hospital and Institute of Cellular Medicine, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK M G, A Z
    Circ Cardiovasc Interv 9:e003151. 2016
    ..We report outcomes in patients with STEMI undergoing PPCI with or without previous CABG surgery in a large real-world, all-comer population...
  23. pmc The epidemiology of self-harm in a UK-wide primary care patient cohort, 2001-2013
    Matthew J Carr
    Centre for Mental Health and Safety, Institute of Brain, Behaviour and Mental Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, M13 9PL, UK
    BMC Psychiatry 16:53. 2016
    ..This is the first study to describe the epidemiology of self-harm presentations to primary care using broadly representative national data from across the United Kingdom (UK)...
  24. pmc Associations between exemption and survival outcomes in the UK's primary care pay-for-performance programme: a retrospective cohort study
    Evangelos Kontopantelis
    NIHR School for Primary Care Research, Centre for Primary Care, Institute of Population Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK Centre for Health Informatics, Institute of Population Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    BMJ Qual Saf 25:657-70. 2016
    ..We also quantified the proportion of exempted patients that met quality targets for a tracer condition (diabetes)...
  25. pmc Primary care consultation rates among people with and without severe mental illness: a UK cohort study using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink
    Evangelos Kontopantelis
    Centre for Health Informatics, Institute of Population Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK NIHR School for Primary Care Research, Centre for Primary Care, Institute of Population Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    BMJ Open 5:e008650. 2015
    ..We examined their consultation rate patterns and whether they were impacted by the introduction of the Quality and Outcomes Framework (QOF), in 2004...
  26. pmc Can analyses of electronic patient records be independently and externally validated? Study 2--the effect of β-adrenoceptor blocker therapy on cancer survival: a retrospective cohort study
    David A Springate
    NIHR School for Primary Care Research, Centre for Primary Care, Institute of Population, Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK Centre for Biostatistics, Institute of Population Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    BMJ Open 5:e007299. 2015
    ..To conduct a fully independent, external validation of a research study based on one electronic health record database using a different database sampling from the same population...
  27. pmc Can analyses of electronic patient records be independently and externally validated? The effect of statins on the mortality of patients with ischaemic heart disease: a cohort study with nested case-control analysis
    David Reeves
    NIHR School for Primary Care Research, Centre for Primary Care, Institute of Population Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    BMJ Open 4:e004952. 2014
    ..To conduct a fully independent and external validation of a research study based on one electronic health record database, using a different electronic database sampling the same population...
  28. doi request reprint What makes a successful volunteer Expert Patients Programme tutor? Factors predicting satisfaction, productivity and intention to continue tutoring of a new public health workforce in the United Kingdom
    Wendy Macdonald
    National Primary Care Research and Development Centre, Manchester, UK
    Patient Educ Couns 75:128-34. 2009
    ..This exploratory study aimed to determine what factors predict productivity, intention to continue tutoring, and satisfaction in a sample of volunteer tutors from the Expert Patients Programme...
  29. pmc Performance of small general practices under the UK's Quality and Outcomes Framework
    Tim Doran
    National Primary Care Research and Development Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester
    Br J Gen Pract 60:e335-44. 2010
    ..Small general practices are often perceived to provide worse care than larger practices...
  30. pmc ClinicalCodes: an online clinical codes repository to improve the validity and reproducibility of research using electronic medical records
    David A Springate
    Centre for Primary Care, Institute for Population Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom Centre for Biostatistics, Institute for Population Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 9:e99825. 2014
    ....
  31. pmc Primary Care Medication Safety Surveillance with Integrated Primary and Secondary Care Electronic Health Records: A Cross-Sectional Study
    Artur Akbarov
    Centre for Health Informatics, Institute of Population Health, University of Manchester, Vaughan House, Portsmouth St, Manchester, M13 9GB, UK
    Drug Saf 38:671-82. 2015
    ..The prerequisite for such systems is defining a relevant set of medication safety-related indicators and understanding the influence of both patient and general practice characteristics on medication prescribing and monitoring...
  32. doi request reprint Long-term Glycemic Variability and Risk of Adverse Outcomes: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
    Catherine Gorst
    Institute of Population Health, Centre for Primary Care, University of Manchester, Manchester, U K
    Diabetes Care 38:2354-69. 2015
    ..This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluates the association between HbA1c variability and micro- and macrovascular complications and mortality in type 1 and type 2 diabetes...
  33. pmc Withdrawing performance indicators: retrospective analysis of general practice performance under UK Quality and Outcomes Framework
    Evangelos Kontopantelis
    NIHR School for Primary Care Research, Centre for Primary Care, Institute of Population Health, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
    BMJ 348:g330. 2014
    ..To investigate the effect of withdrawing incentives on recorded quality of care, in the context of the UK Quality and Outcomes Framework pay for performance scheme...
  34. pmc Characteristics of effective collaborative care for treatment of depression: a systematic review and meta-regression of 74 randomised controlled trials
    Peter A Coventry
    Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care, Centre for Primary Care and Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 9:e108114. 2014
    ..We used meta-regression to identify factors in collaborative care associated with improvement in patient outcomes (depressive symptoms) and the process of care (use of anti-depressant medication)...
  35. pmc Predicting mortality from change-over-time in the Charlson Comorbidity Index: A retrospective cohort study in a data-intensive UK health system
    Paolo Fraccaro
    aHealth eResearch Centre, Farr Institute for Health Informatics Research bNIHR Greater Manchester Primary Care Patient Safety Translational Research Centre, Institute of Population Health cNIHR School for Primary Care Research, University of Manchester, Manchester dResearch Institute for Primary Care and Health Sciences, Arthritis Research UK Primary Care Centre, Keele University, Keele, Staffordshire, United Kingdom eCardiovascular Department, Hopital de la Tour, Geneva, Switzerland fKeele Cardiovascular Research Group, Keele University Stoke on Trent and Royal Stoke Hospital, University Hospital North Midlands, Stoke on Trent, United Kingdom
    Medicine (Baltimore) 95:e4973. 2016
    ..63 and 95% confidence interval 1.59-1.66).Change over time in comorbidity is an important but overlooked predictor of mortality, which should be considered in research and care quality management...
  36. doi request reprint Life Expectancy and Cause-Specific Mortality in Type 2 Diabetes: A Population-Based Cohort Study Quantifying Relationships in Ethnic Subgroups
    Alison K Wright
    Centre for Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety, Division of Pharmacy and Optometry, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, University of Manchester, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, Manchester, U K
    Diabetes Care . 2016
    ..This study 1) investigated life expectancy and cause-specific mortality rates associated with type 2 diabetes and 2) quantified these relationships in ethnic subgroups...
  37. pmc Examining variations in prescribing safety in UK general practice: cross sectional study using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink
    S Jill Stocks
    NIHR Greater Manchester Primary Care Patient Safety Translational Research Centre, Centre for Primary Care, Institute of Population Health, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
    BMJ 351:h5501. 2015
    ..What is the prevalence of different types of potentially hazardous prescribing in general practice in the United Kingdom, and what is the variation between practices?..
  38. doi request reprint Suicide risk in primary care patients with major physical diseases: a case-control study
    Roger T Webb
    Centre for Suicide Prevention, Centre for Mental Health and Risk, University of Manchester, Jean McFarlane Building, Manchester, England
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 69:256-64. 2012
    ..Most previous studies have examined suicide risk in relation to a single physical disease...
  39. doi request reprint Pay-for-performance: impact on diabetes
    Tim Doran
    Institute of Population Health, University of Manchester, Williamson Building Oxford Road, Manchester, M13 9PL, UK
    Curr Diab Rep 13:196-204. 2013
    ..The lack of adequate control groups has limited research findings to date, and more robust studies are needed to explore both the potential long-term benefits of pay-for-performance schemes and their unintended consequences...
  40. pmc Suicide risk in primary care patients diagnosed with a personality disorder: a nested case control study
    Michael Doyle
    Centre for Mental Health and Safety, Institute of Brain, Behaviour and Mental Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, England
    BMC Fam Pract 17:106. 2016
    ..We assessed whether PD among primary care patients is linked with a greater elevation in risk as compared with other psychiatric diagnoses, and whether the association is modified by gender, age, type of PD, and comorbid alcohol misuse...
  41. doi request reprint Controlled Interventions to Reduce Burnout in Physicians: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
    Maria Panagioti
    National Institute of Health Research School for Primary Care Research, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester, England
    JAMA Intern Med . 2016
    ..Burnout is prevalent in physicians and can have a negative influence on performance, career continuation, and patient care. Existing evidence does not allow clear recommendations for the management of burnout in physicians...
  42. doi request reprint Mortality risk prediction in burn injury: Comparison of logistic regression with machine learning approaches
    Neophytos Stylianou
    Centre for Health Informatics, Institute of Population Health, University of Manchester, UK Electronic address
    Burns 41:925-34. 2015
    ..Here we compare logistic regression and machine learning predictions of mortality from burn...
  43. doi request reprint Stroke following percutaneous coronary intervention: type-specific incidence, outcomes and determinants seen by the British Cardiovascular Intervention Society 2007-12
    Chun Shing Kwok
    Cardiovascular Research Group, Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    Eur Heart J 36:1618-28. 2015
    ..This study aims to evaluate temporal changes in stroke complications and their association with mortality and MACE outcomes in a national cohort of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) in England and Wales...
  44. pmc Patient outcomes vs. service workload: an analysis of outcomes in the burn service of England and Wales
    Neophytos Stylianou
    Centre for Health Informatics, Institute of Population Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    BMC Health Serv Res 15:133. 2015
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the effect on outcomes of service pressures due to shortages of beds...
  45. pmc Depression and anxiety predict health-related quality of life in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: systematic review and meta-analysis
    Amy Blakemore
    National Institute for Health Research School for Primary Care Research, Centre for Primary Care, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, University of Manchester, UK Department of Psychiatry, Manchester Mental Health and Social Care Trust, Manchester Royal Infirmary, Manchester, UK
    Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis 9:501-12. 2014
    ..We therefore conducted a systematic review of prospective cohort studies that measured depression, anxiety, and HRQoL in COPD...
  46. doi request reprint Antenatal interventions for reducing weight in obese women for improving pregnancy outcome
    Christine M Furber
    School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work, The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev . 2013
    ..It is important to evaluate interventions that are designed to reduce weight in obese pregnant women so that the safety of weight loss during this period can be established...
  47. pmc Influence of initial severity of depression on effectiveness of low intensity interventions: meta-analysis of individual patient data
    Peter Bower
    NIHR School for Primary Care Research, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
    BMJ 346:f540. 2013
    ..To assess how initial severity of depression affects the benefit derived from low intensity interventions for depression...
  48. pmc Framework and indicator testing protocol for developing and piloting quality indicators for the UK quality and outcomes framework
    Stephen M Campbell
    Health Sciences Research Group Primary Care, University of Manchester, UK
    BMC Fam Pract 12:85. 2011
    ..We describe the methodologies and results of an indicator testing protocol (ITP) using data from proposed quality indicators for the United Kingdom Quality and Outcomes Framework (QOF)...