J B Kirkbride
Affiliation: University of Cambridge
- Neighbourhood-level effects on psychoses: re-examining the role of contextJames B Kirkbride
Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
Psychol Med 37:1413-25. 2007..Cross-level interactions are poorly understood. We investigated these issues using data from the Aetiology and Ethnicity in Schizophrenia and Other Psychoses (AESOP) study...
- Social deprivation, inequality, and the neighborhood-level incidence of psychotic syndromes in East LondonJames B Kirkbride
To whom correspondence should be addressed Department of Psychiatry, Herchel Smith Building University of Cambridge, Forvie Site, Robinson Way, Cambridge, CB2 0SZ, UK tel 01223 336966, fax 01223 336 968, E mail
Schizophr Bull 40:169-80. 2014..We suggest these associations are consistent with a role for social stressors in psychosis risk, particularly when people live in more unequal communities...
- Prenatal nutrition, epigenetics and schizophrenia risk: can we test causal effects?James B Kirkbride
EpiCentre group, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Herchel Smith Building for Brain and Mind Sciences, Forvie Site, Robinson Way, Cambridge, UK
Epigenomics 4:303-15. 2012..Applied here to a specific example, such an approach is applicable for wider use to strengthen causal inference of the mediating role of epigenetic factors linking exposures to health outcomes in population-based studies...
- Incidence of schizophrenia and other psychoses in England, 1950-2009: a systematic review and meta-analysesJames B Kirkbride
Department of Psychiatry, Herchel Smith Building for Brain and Mind Sciences, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 7:e31660. 2012....
- Psychosis incidence through the prism of early intervention servicesJ B Kirkbride
Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Box 189, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, UK
Br J Psychiatry 200:156-7. 2012..Psychosis risk among ethnic minorities was lower than reported in urban settings, which has potential implications for aetiology. Our data suggest considerable psychosis morbidity in diverse, rural communities...
- Heterogeneity in incidence rates of schizophrenia and other psychotic syndromes: findings from the 3-center AeSOP studyJames B Kirkbride
Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, England
Arch Gen Psychiatry 63:250-8. 2006..Convention suggests uniformity of incidence of schizophrenia and other psychoses; variation would have implications for their causes and biological characteristics...
- Examining evidence for neighbourhood variation in the duration of untreated psychosisJ B Kirkbride
Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge CB2 0QQ, UK
Health Place 16:219-25. 2010..Family involvement in help-seeking is associated with a shorter duration of untreated psychoses [DUP], but it is unknown whether neighbourhood-level factors are also important...
- Is the incidence of psychotic disorder in decline? Epidemiological evidence from two decades of researchJ B Kirkbride
Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, UK
Int J Epidemiol 38:1255-64. 2009..We had the opportunity to determine whether incidence had changed over a 20-year period in a single setting, and test whether this could be explained by demographic or clinical changes...
- Psychoses, ethnicity and socio-economic statusJ B Kirkbride
University Department of Psychiatry, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Hills Road, Cambridge, UK
Br J Psychiatry 193:18-24. 2008..Consistent observation of raised rates of psychoses among Black and minority ethnic (BME) groups may possibly be explained by their lower socio-economic status...
- Testing the association between the incidence of schizophrenia and social capital in an urban areaJ B Kirkbride
Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge, UK
Psychol Med 38:1083-94. 2008..We used multi-level Poisson regression to test our hypothesis while controlling for individual- and neighbourhood-level characteristics...
- Neighbourhood variation in the incidence of psychotic disorders in Southeast LondonJames B Kirkbride
Dept of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Box 189, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, UK
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 42:438-45. 2007..Urbanicity is a risk factor for schizophrenia, but it is unclear whether this risk is homogenous across urban areas...
- The effect of the environment on symptom dimensions in the first episode of psychosis: a multilevel studyF J Oher
Department of Psychiatry, Herchel Smith Building for Brain and Mind Sciences, University of Cambridge, UK
Psychol Med 44:2419-30. 2014..We hypothesized that positive psychotic symptoms, including paranoid delusions and depressive symptoms, would be more prominent in more urban environments...
- Administrative incidence of psychosis assessed in an early intervention service in England: first epidemiological evidence from a diverse, rural and urban settingF Cheng
University Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Biuomedical Campus, Cambridge, UK
Psychol Med 41:949-58. 2011....
- Substance use in a population-based clinic sample of people with first-episode psychosisJennifer H Barnett
Department of Psychiatry, Box 189, University of Cambridge, UK
Br J Psychiatry 190:515-20. 2007..Substance use is implicated in the cause and course of psychosis...
- Parity of esteem begins at home: translating empirical psychiatric research into effective public mental healthJ B Kirkbride
Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
Psychol Med 44:1569-76. 2014....
- The prevention of schizophrenia--what can we learn from eco-epidemiology?James B Kirkbride
Department of Psychiatry, Herchel Smith Building for Brain and Mind Sciences, University of Cambridge, Forvie Site, Robinson Way, Cambridge, UK
Schizophr Bull 37:262-71. 2011..We conclude by speculating on the forms effective strategies might take...
- Incidence of schizophrenia and other psychoses in ethnic minority groups: results from the MRC AESOP StudyPaul Fearon
Division of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College, London, UK
Psychol Med 36:1541-50. 2006..We sought to clarify whether (a) the rates of other psychotic disorders are increased, (b) whether psychosis is increased in other ethnic minority groups, and (c) whether particular age or gender groups are especially at risk...
- Raised incidence rates of all psychoses among migrant groups: findings from the East London first episode psychosis studyJeremy W Coid
Forensic Psychiatry Research Unit, St Bartholomew s Hospital, William Harvey House, 61 Bartholomew Close, London EC1A7BE, England
Arch Gen Psychiatry 65:1250-8. 2008..It is unknown whether risk for second- and later-generation black and minority ethnic groups in the United Kingdom is universally increased or varies by ethnicity, population structure, or diagnostic category...