A H Leyland

Summary

Affiliation: National Institute for Medical Research
Country: UK

Publications

  1. pmc Effects of Sure Start local programmes on children and families: early findings from a quasi-experimental, cross sectional study
    Jay Belsky
    Institute for the Study of Children, Families and Social Issues, Birkbeck, University of London, London WC1B 3RA
    BMJ 332:1476. 2006
  2. pmc Cause-specific inequalities in mortality in Scotland: two decades of change. A population-based study
    Alastair H Leyland
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow, UK
    BMC Public Health 7:172. 2007
  3. pmc Proof firm downsizing and diagnosis-specific disability pensioning in Norway
    Bjørgulf Claussen
    Institute of Health and Society, University of Oslo, P, O, Box 1130, Blindern, N0318, Norway
    BMC Public Health 13:27. 2013
  4. pmc Mortality after admission for acute myocardial infarction in Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people in New South Wales, Australia: a multilevel data linkage study
    Deborah A Randall
    School of Medicine, University of Western Sydney, Narellan Road, Campbelltown, NSW, Australia
    BMC Public Health 12:281. 2012
  5. pmc Socioeconomic differences in mortality amenable to health care among Finnish adults 1992-2003: 12 year follow up using individual level linked population register data
    Alison K McCallum
    Directorate of Public Health and Health Policy, NHS Lothian, Waverley Gate, 2 4 Waterloo Place, Edinburgh EH1 3EG, Scotland
    BMC Health Serv Res 13:3. 2013
  6. pmc Trends and inequalities in short-term acute myocardial infarction case fatality in Scotland, 1988-2004
    Carolyn A Davies
    MRC CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow, UK, G12 8RZ
    Popul Health Metr 8:33. 2010
  7. pmc Do social inequalities in health widen or converge with age? Longitudinal evidence from three cohorts in the West of Scotland
    Michaela Benzeval
    MRC CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow, UK
    BMC Public Health 11:947. 2011
  8. pmc The influence of both individual and area based socioeconomic status on temporal trends in Caesarean sections in Scotland 1980-2000
    Lesley Fairley
    Bradford Institute for Health Research, Bradford Royal Infirmary, Duckworth Lane, Bradford BD96RJ, UK
    BMC Public Health 11:330. 2011
  9. pmc Increasing socioeconomic inequalities in first acute myocardial infarction in Scotland, 1990-92 and 2000-02
    Carolyn A Davies
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow, UK, G12 8RZ
    BMC Public Health 9:134. 2009
  10. pmc Is the "Glasgow effect" of cigarette smoking explained by socio-economic status?: a multilevel analysis
    Linsay Gray
    Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Medical Research Council, Glasgow, UK
    BMC Public Health 9:245. 2009

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications36

  1. pmc Effects of Sure Start local programmes on children and families: early findings from a quasi-experimental, cross sectional study
    Jay Belsky
    Institute for the Study of Children, Families and Social Issues, Birkbeck, University of London, London WC1B 3RA
    BMJ 332:1476. 2006
    ..To evaluate the effects of Sure Start local programmes (SSLPs) on children and their families. To assess whether variations in the effectiveness of SSLPs are due to differences in implementation...
  2. pmc Cause-specific inequalities in mortality in Scotland: two decades of change. A population-based study
    Alastair H Leyland
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow, UK
    BMC Public Health 7:172. 2007
    ..We examined age-, sex-, and cause-specific mortality rates for social groups in and regions of Scotland to understand the patterning of inequalities and the causes contributing to these inequalities...
  3. pmc Proof firm downsizing and diagnosis-specific disability pensioning in Norway
    Bjørgulf Claussen
    Institute of Health and Society, University of Oslo, P, O, Box 1130, Blindern, N0318, Norway
    BMC Public Health 13:27. 2013
    ..We wanted to investigate if firm downsizing is related to an increased rate of disability pensions among the former employed, especially for those with musculoskeletal and psychiatric diagnoses, and for those having to leave the firm...
  4. pmc Mortality after admission for acute myocardial infarction in Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people in New South Wales, Australia: a multilevel data linkage study
    Deborah A Randall
    School of Medicine, University of Western Sydney, Narellan Road, Campbelltown, NSW, Australia
    BMC Public Health 12:281. 2012
    ....
  5. pmc Socioeconomic differences in mortality amenable to health care among Finnish adults 1992-2003: 12 year follow up using individual level linked population register data
    Alison K McCallum
    Directorate of Public Health and Health Policy, NHS Lothian, Waverley Gate, 2 4 Waterloo Place, Edinburgh EH1 3EG, Scotland
    BMC Health Serv Res 13:3. 2013
    ..To examine whether similar socio-economic patterning existed for mortality amenable to intervention in primary or specialist care, we investigated trends in amenable mortality by income group from 1992-2003...
  6. pmc Trends and inequalities in short-term acute myocardial infarction case fatality in Scotland, 1988-2004
    Carolyn A Davies
    MRC CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow, UK, G12 8RZ
    Popul Health Metr 8:33. 2010
    ..Despite this, Scotland's IHD mortality rates are among the worst in Europe. We examine trends in socioeconomic inequalities in short-term CF after a first AMI event and their associations with age, sex, and geography...
  7. pmc Do social inequalities in health widen or converge with age? Longitudinal evidence from three cohorts in the West of Scotland
    Michaela Benzeval
    MRC CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow, UK
    BMC Public Health 11:947. 2011
    ....
  8. pmc The influence of both individual and area based socioeconomic status on temporal trends in Caesarean sections in Scotland 1980-2000
    Lesley Fairley
    Bradford Institute for Health Research, Bradford Royal Infirmary, Duckworth Lane, Bradford BD96RJ, UK
    BMC Public Health 11:330. 2011
    ..We examine whether individual social class, area deprivation or both are related to Caesarean sections in Scotland and investigate changes over time...
  9. pmc Increasing socioeconomic inequalities in first acute myocardial infarction in Scotland, 1990-92 and 2000-02
    Carolyn A Davies
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow, UK, G12 8RZ
    BMC Public Health 9:134. 2009
    ..We examine the changes in socioeconomic and geographic inequalities in first AMI events in Scotland and their interactions with age and gender...
  10. pmc Is the "Glasgow effect" of cigarette smoking explained by socio-economic status?: a multilevel analysis
    Linsay Gray
    Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Medical Research Council, Glasgow, UK
    BMC Public Health 9:245. 2009
    ..Of interest is whether high smoking rates are explained by the area's socio-economic profile...
  11. pmc Do differences in the administrative structure of populations confound comparisons of geographic health inequalities?
    Andrew L Jackson
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow, UK
    BMC Med Res Methodol 10:74. 2010
    ..Our objective was to assess how differences in geographic and administrative units used for disseminating data affect the description of health inequalities...
  12. pmc The social patterning of deaths due to assault in Scotland, 1980-2005: population-based study
    A H Leyland
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 64:432-9. 2010
    ....
  13. pmc Childhood residential mobility and health in late adolescence and adulthood: findings from the West of Scotland Twenty-07 Study
    D Brown
    MRC CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 66:942-50. 2012
    ..The aim of this paper was to compare people in the West of Scotland who were residentially stable in childhood with those who had moved in terms of a range of health measures...
  14. pmc Adiposity has differing associations with incident coronary heart disease and mortality in the Scottish population: cross-sectional surveys with follow-up
    J W Hotchkiss
    MRC CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow, UK
    Int J Obes (Lond) 37:732-9. 2013
    ..Investigation of the association of excess adiposity with three different outcomes: all-cause mortality, coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality and incident CHD...
  15. ncbi request reprint Does the primary school attended influence self-reported health or its risk factors in later life? Aberdeen Children of the 1950s Study
    Ruth Dundas
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 35:458-65. 2006
    ..The school attended is known to affect the health behaviours of pupils while still at school. Little is known about the long-term influence of school attended on health...
  16. pmc Scottish mortality rates 2000-2002 by deprivation and small area population mobility
    Denise Brown
    MRC, Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow, United Kingdom
    Soc Sci Med 71:1951-7. 2010
    ....
  17. doi request reprint A multilevel analysis of diet and socio-economic status in Scotland: investigating the 'Glasgow effect'
    Linsay Gray
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    Public Health Nutr 12:1351-8. 2009
    ..To investigate differences between dietary habits in Glasgow and those in the rest of Scotland and the role that socio-economic factors have in explaining these...
  18. pmc Contribution of smoking-related and alcohol-related deaths to the gender gap in mortality: evidence from 30 European countries
    Gerry McCartney
    MRC CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow G12 8RZ, Scotland, UK
    Tob Control 20:166-8. 2011
    ..Debate continues about the causes of the gender gap, although smoking is known to have been a major contributor to the difference in the past...
  19. pmc Overweight status and psychological well-being in adolescent boys and girls: a multilevel analysis
    Linsay Gray
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow, UK
    Eur J Public Health 18:616-21. 2008
    ..Correlation of area-level variation in overweight status in adolescents and adults was investigated...
  20. pmc Population mobility, deprivation and self-reported limiting long-term illness in small areas across Scotland
    Denise Brown
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G11 8RZ, Scotland
    Health Place 15:37-44. 2009
    ..Decreasing populations in deprived areas had significantly highest illness rates overall. Leaving those in poor health behind may lead to artifactual increases in area based health inequalities...
  21. doi request reprint Socio-demographic and health characteristics of individuals left behind in deprived and declining areas in Scotland
    D Brown
    MRC CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow, UK
    Health Place 18:440-4. 2012
    ..It may be that while the relationship between migration and socio-economic status is immediately apparent, the relationship between migration and health could take longer to develop...
  22. pmc Socioeconomic gradients in the prevalence of cardiovascular disease in Scotland: the roles of composition and context
    Alastair H Leyland
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, Scotland
    J Epidemiol Community Health 59:799-803. 2005
    ..To investigate whether occupational social class and area deprivation are independently associated with the prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) conditions after adjustment for smoking status...
  23. pmc How much of the difference in life expectancy between Scottish cities does deprivation explain?
    R Seaman
    Medical Research Council Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    BMC Public Health 15:1057. 2015
    ....
  24. pmc The relationship between body size and mortality in the linked Scottish Health Surveys: cross-sectional surveys with follow-up
    J W Hotchkiss
    MRC CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow, UK
    Int J Obes (Lond) 35:838-51. 2011
    ..To investigate the relationship between body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) or waist-hip ratio (WHR) and all-cause mortality or cause-specific mortality...
  25. pmc Social class inequalities in perinatal outcomes: Scotland 1980-2000
    L Fairley
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:31-6. 2006
    ..To examine social class inequalities in adverse perinatal events in Scotland between 1980 and 2000 and how these were influenced by other maternal risk factors...
  26. pmc Increasing inequalities in premature mortality in Great Britain
    A H Leyland
    Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 58:296-302. 2004
    ..To describe inequalities in all cause premature mortality between and within regions of Great Britain and how these inequalities have changed between 1979 and 1998...
  27. ncbi request reprint Empirical Bayes methods for disease mapping
    Alastair H Leyland
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland, UK
    Stat Methods Med Res 14:17-34. 2005
    ..Several estimators are presented, and methods of estimation are described. Empirical Bayes methods are compared with full Bayes methods, and we argue that both have their place...
  28. ncbi request reprint Urban/rural inequalities in suicide in Scotland, 1981-1999
    Kate A Levin
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    Soc Sci Med 60:2877-90. 2005
    ..The steepest rises in suicide amongst men, adjusting for age and deprivation, were seen to occur in accessible rural areas, however highest rates remain in remote rural areas...
  29. ncbi request reprint Homicides involving knives and other sharp objects in Scotland, 1981-2003
    Alastair H Leyland
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, Scotland
    J Public Health (Oxf) 28:145-7. 2006
    ..Homicide rates have been increasing in Scotland, and homicides involving knives are of particular concern...
  30. ncbi request reprint A comparison of health inequalities in urban and rural Scotland
    Kate A Levin
    University of Dundee, Dundee, UK
    Soc Sci Med 62:1457-64. 2006
    ..In 2001 female health inequalities were higher in remote rural areas than urban areas. Health inequalities amongst the elderly (age 65+) in 2001 were greater in remote rural Scotland than urban areas for both males and females...
  31. pmc Contextual effect on mortality of neighbourhood level education explained by earlier life deprivation
    Øyvind Naess
    Institute of General Practice and Community Medicine, PO Box 1130 Blindern, N 0317 Oslo, Norway
    J Epidemiol Community Health 59:1058-9. 2005
  32. pmc Urban-rural inequalities in ischemic heart disease in Scotland, 1981-1999
    Kate A Levin
    Dental Health Services Research Unit, The Mackenzie Building, Kirsty Semple Way, Dundee DD2 4BF
    Am J Public Health 96:145-51. 2006
    ..We sought to describe the pattern and magnitude of urban-rural variation in ischemic heart disease (IHD) in Scotland and to examine the associations among IHD health indicators, level of rurality, and degree of socioeconomic deprivation...
  33. doi request reprint Multilevel modeling of regional variation in equity in health care
    Sonja Lumme
    National Research and Development Centre for Welfare and Health, Health Services Research, Helsinki, Finland
    Med Care 46:976-83. 2008
    ..However, these methods do not take into consideration clustering within areas, which is necessary in a comprehensive study of regional variations in equity...
  34. pmc Spatial clustering of mental disorders and associated characteristics of the neighbourhood context in Malmö, Sweden, in 2001
    Basile Chaix
    Community Medicine and Public Health, Department of Clinical Sciences, Malmo University Hospital, S 205 02 Malmo, Sweden
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:427-35. 2006
    ....
  35. pmc Contribution of problem drug users' deaths to excess mortality in Scotland: secondary analysis of cohort study
    Michael Bloor
    Centre for Drug Misuse Research, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G11 6PW
    BMJ 337:a478. 2008
    ....