James R Hargreaves

Summary

Affiliation: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
Country: UK

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Characteristics of sexual partnerships, not just of individuals, are associated with condom use and recent HIV infection in rural South Africa
    James R Hargreaves
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    AIDS Care 21:1058-70. 2009
  2. doi request reprint Is social capital associated with HIV risk in rural South Africa?
    Paul M Pronyk
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Soc Sci Med 66:1999-2010. 2008
  3. doi request reprint Can social capital be intentionally generated? a randomized trial from rural South Africa
    Paul M Pronyk
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Soc Sci Med 67:1559-70. 2008
  4. ncbi request reprint Explaining continued high HIV prevalence in South Africa: socioeconomic factors, HIV incidence and sexual behaviour change among a rural cohort, 2001-2004
    James R Hargreaves
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    AIDS 21:S39-48. 2007
  5. doi request reprint Systematic review exploring time trends in the association between educational attainment and risk of HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa
    James R Hargreaves
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, UK
    AIDS 22:403-14. 2008
  6. pmc Statistical design and analysis plan for an impact evaluation of an HIV treatment and prevention intervention for female sex workers in Zimbabwe: a study protocol for a cluster randomised controlled trial
    James R Hargreaves
    Centre for Evaluation Department for Social and Environmental Health Research, Faculty of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 15 17 Tavistock Place, London, WC1H 9SH, UK
    Trials 17:6. 2016
  7. pmc Assessing household wealth in health studies in developing countries: a comparison of participatory wealth ranking and survey techniques from rural South Africa
    James R Hargreaves
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Emerg Themes Epidemiol 4:4. 2007
  8. pmc Designing a stepped wedge trial: three main designs, carry-over effects and randomisation approaches
    Andrew J Copas
    MRC London Hub for Trials Methodology Research, MRC Clinical Trials Unit at University College London, Aviation House, 125 Kingsway, London, WC2B 6NH, UK
    Trials 16:352. 2015
  9. pmc Changes over time in sexual behaviour among young people with different levels of educational attainment in Tanzania
    James R Hargreaves
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    J Int AIDS Soc 15:1-7. 2012
  10. doi request reprint Implementation and Operational Research: Cohort Analysis of Program Data to Estimate HIV Incidence and Uptake of HIV-Related Services Among Female Sex Workers in Zimbabwe, 2009-2014
    James R Hargreaves
    Centre for Evaluation, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom Centre for Sexual Health and HIV AIDS Research CeSHHAR Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe United Nations Population Fund, New York, NY Women s Global Health Imperative, RTI International, San Francisco, CA Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit, Bonn, Germany National AIDS Council, Harare, Zimbabwe AIDS and TB Unit, Ministry of Health and Child Care, Harare, Zimbabwe and Research Department for Infection and Population Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 72:e1-8. 2016

Detail Information

Publications21

  1. doi request reprint Characteristics of sexual partnerships, not just of individuals, are associated with condom use and recent HIV infection in rural South Africa
    James R Hargreaves
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    AIDS Care 21:1058-70. 2009
    ..Established non-spousal sexual partnerships are an increasingly important context for HIV transmission in this setting...
  2. doi request reprint Is social capital associated with HIV risk in rural South Africa?
    Paul M Pronyk
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Soc Sci Med 66:1999-2010. 2008
    ..We suggest that not all social capital is protective or health promotive, and that getting the balance right is critical to informing HIV prevention efforts...
  3. doi request reprint Can social capital be intentionally generated? a randomized trial from rural South Africa
    Paul M Pronyk
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Soc Sci Med 67:1559-70. 2008
    ..This is among the first experimental trials suggesting that social capital can be exogenously strengthened. The implications for community interventions in public health are further explored...
  4. ncbi request reprint Explaining continued high HIV prevalence in South Africa: socioeconomic factors, HIV incidence and sexual behaviour change among a rural cohort, 2001-2004
    James R Hargreaves
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    AIDS 21:S39-48. 2007
    ..To estimate HIV incidence and explore evidence for changing sexual behaviour over time among men and women belonging to different socioeconomic groups in rural South Africa...
  5. doi request reprint Systematic review exploring time trends in the association between educational attainment and risk of HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa
    James R Hargreaves
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, UK
    AIDS 22:403-14. 2008
    ..To assess the evidence that the association between educational attainment and risk of HIV infection is changing over time in sub-Saharan Africa...
  6. pmc Statistical design and analysis plan for an impact evaluation of an HIV treatment and prevention intervention for female sex workers in Zimbabwe: a study protocol for a cluster randomised controlled trial
    James R Hargreaves
    Centre for Evaluation Department for Social and Environmental Health Research, Faculty of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 15 17 Tavistock Place, London, WC1H 9SH, UK
    Trials 17:6. 2016
    ....
  7. pmc Assessing household wealth in health studies in developing countries: a comparison of participatory wealth ranking and survey techniques from rural South Africa
    James R Hargreaves
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Emerg Themes Epidemiol 4:4. 2007
    ..Accurate tools for assessing household wealth are essential for many health studies in developing countries. Household survey and participatory wealth ranking (PWR) are two approaches to generate data for this purpose...
  8. pmc Designing a stepped wedge trial: three main designs, carry-over effects and randomisation approaches
    Andrew J Copas
    MRC London Hub for Trials Methodology Research, MRC Clinical Trials Unit at University College London, Aviation House, 125 Kingsway, London, WC2B 6NH, UK
    Trials 16:352. 2015
    ..In this article, we present a typology to characterise the full range of stepped wedge designs, and offer guidance on several other design aspects...
  9. pmc Changes over time in sexual behaviour among young people with different levels of educational attainment in Tanzania
    James R Hargreaves
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    J Int AIDS Soc 15:1-7. 2012
    ..The behavioural dynamics underlying this phenomenon remain unclear, and a theory to guide interpretation of these trends and enable predictions of future patterns has not emerged...
  10. doi request reprint Implementation and Operational Research: Cohort Analysis of Program Data to Estimate HIV Incidence and Uptake of HIV-Related Services Among Female Sex Workers in Zimbabwe, 2009-2014
    James R Hargreaves
    Centre for Evaluation, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom Centre for Sexual Health and HIV AIDS Research CeSHHAR Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe United Nations Population Fund, New York, NY Women s Global Health Imperative, RTI International, San Francisco, CA Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit, Bonn, Germany National AIDS Council, Harare, Zimbabwe AIDS and TB Unit, Ministry of Health and Child Care, Harare, Zimbabwe and Research Department for Infection and Population Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 72:e1-8. 2016
    ..HIV epidemiology and intervention uptake among female sex workers (FSW) in sub-Saharan Africa remain poorly understood. Data from outreach programs are a neglected resource...
  11. doi request reprint Changes in HIV prevalence among differently educated groups in Tanzania between 2003 and 2007
    James R Hargreaves
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London
    AIDS 24:755-61. 2010
    ..Several studies have shown higher HIV prevalence among more educated groups, but this may change over time. We describe changes in HIV prevalence by educational attainment in Tanzania from 2003 to 2007...
  12. ncbi request reprint The HIV care cascade among female sex workers in Zimbabwe: results of a population-based survey from the Sisters Antiretroviral therapy Programme for Prevention of HIV, an Integrated Response (SAPPH-IRe) Trial
    Frances M Cowan
    1Department of International Public Health, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK 2Centre for Sexual Health and HIV AIDS Research CeSHHAR Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe 3Centre for Evaluation, Department of Social and Environmental Health Research, Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK 4Women s Global Health Imperative, RTI International, San Francisco, California, United States of America 5United Nations Population Fund, Harare, Zimbabwe 6Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit, Harare, Zimbabwe 7Ministry of Health and Child Welfare, Harare, Zimbabwe 8Population Services International Global, Harare, Zimbabwe 9Department of Population Studies, Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr . 2016
    ..Little is known about the HIV diagnosis and care cascade in most countries in southern Africa. We aimed to describe the HIV diagnosis and care cascade among FSW in Zimbabwe...
  13. pmc The social determinants of tuberculosis: from evidence to action
    James R Hargreaves
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Am J Public Health 101:654-62. 2011
    ..Interventions from outside the health sector-specifically, in social protection and urban planning-have the potential to strengthen tuberculosis control...
  14. ncbi request reprint Socioeconomic status and risk of HIV infection in an urban population in Kenya
    James R Hargreaves
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 7:793-802. 2002
    ..To examine the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES), risk factors for HIV infection and HIV status in an urban population with high prevalence of HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa...
  15. doi request reprint Interventions to strengthen the HIV prevention cascade: a systematic review of reviews
    Shari Krishnaratne
    Department of Social and Environmental Health Research, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK Centre for Evaluation, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK Electronic address
    Lancet HIV 3:e307-17. 2016
    ..In this systematic review, we map current evidence for HIV prevention against a new classification system, the HIV prevention cascade...
  16. pmc 'How poor are you?' -- a comparison of four questionnaire delivery modes for assessing socio-economic position in rural zimbabwe
    Sophie J S Pascoe
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 8:e74977. 2013
    ..This paper reports on results of a trial of four QDMs, and the effect of mode on poverty reporting...
  17. pmc Issues in the construction of wealth indices for the measurement of socio-economic position in low-income countries
    Laura D Howe
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Emerg Themes Epidemiol 5:3. 2008
    ..We discuss these issues, illustrating our examples with data from the Malawi Integrated Household Survey 2004-5...
  18. ncbi request reprint HIV-related stigma and universal testing and treatment for HIV prevention and care: design of an implementation science evaluation nested in the HPTN 071 (PopART) cluster-randomized trial in Zambia and South Africa
    James R Hargreaves
    Department of Social and Environmental Health Research, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Health Policy Plan 31:1342-1354. 2016
    ....
  19. pmc Five questions to consider before conducting a stepped wedge trial
    James R Hargreaves
    Department of Social and Environmental Health Research, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Trials 16:350. 2015
    ..Researchers should consider how to demonstrate balance achieved by randomization and how to describe trends for outcomes in both intervention and control clusters. ..
  20. pmc Trends in socioeconomic inequalities in HIV prevalence among young people in seven countries in eastern and southern Africa
    James R Hargreaves
    Department of Social and Environmental Health Research and Centre for Evaluation, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 10:e0121775. 2015
    ..It has been suggested that this is changing, with HIV prevalence falling among higher-educated groups while stable among lower-educated groups. A multi-country analysis has not been undertaken...
  21. ncbi request reprint Educational attainment and HIV-1 infection in developing countries: a systematic review
    James R Hargreaves
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 7:489-98. 2002
    ..To assess whether educational status is associated with HIV-1 infection in developing countries by conducting a systematic review of published literature...