R G Blanks

Summary

Affiliation: Institute of Cancer Research
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint An examination of the role of opportunistic smear taking in the NHS cervical screening programme using data from the CSEU cervical screening cohort study
    R G Blanks
    Cancer Screening Evaluation Unit, Institute of Cancer Research, Sutton, Surrey, UK
    BJOG 114:1408-13. 2007
  2. doi request reprint The development of the referral outcome diagram and an analysis of laboratory cancer detection rates in the English NHS cervical screening programme--is there an optimum level of detection of CIN 1 and CIN 2 lesions?
    R G Blanks
    Cancer Screening Evaluation Unit, Sir Richard Doll Building, Institute of Cancer Research, Cotswold Road, Sutton, Surrey, UK
    Cytopathology 19:244-53. 2008
  3. ncbi request reprint The effect of changing from one to two views at incident (subsequent) screens in the NHS breast screening programme in England: impact on cancer detection and recall rates
    R G Blanks
    Cancer Screening Evaluation Unit, Institute of Cancer Research, Sutton, UK
    Clin Radiol 60:674-80. 2005
  4. doi request reprint The use of screening episodes linked to CIN3 and invasive cancer registrations to study outcomes from the NHS Cervical Screening Programme
    R G Blanks
    Cancer Screening Evaluation Unit, Institute of Cancer Research, Sutton, UK
    Cytopathology 20:154-60. 2009
  5. pmc Risk of cervical abnormality after age 50 in women with previously negative smears
    R G Blanks
    Cancer Screening Evaluation Unit, Sir Richard Doll Building, Institute of Cancer Research, 15 Cotswold Road, Sutton, Surrey SM2 5NG, UK
    Br J Cancer 100:1832-6. 2009
  6. doi request reprint Using a graph of the abnormal predictive value versus the positive predictive value for the determination of outlier laboratories in the National Health Service cervical screening programme
    R G Blanks
    Cancer Screening Evaluation Unit, Institute of Cancer Research, Sutton, Surrey, UK
    Cytopathology 21:379-88. 2010
  7. doi request reprint Estimation of disease severity in the NHS cervical screening programme. Part II: quantitative methods of estimating disease severity and progression potential
    R G Blanks
    Cancer Screening Evaluation Unit, Institute of Cancer Research, Sutton, Surrey, UK
    Cytopathology 22:155-63. 2011
  8. doi request reprint Comparison of cytology and histology results in English cervical screening laboratories before and after liquid-based cytology conversion: do the data provide evidence for a single category of high-grade dyskaryosis?
    R G Blanks
    Cancer Screening Evaluation Unit, Institute of Cancer Research, Sutton, Surrey, UK
    Cytopathology 21:368-73. 2010
  9. ncbi request reprint Improving the NHS cervical screening laboratory performance indicators by making allowance for population age, risk and screening interval
    R G Blanks
    Cancer Screening Evaluation Unit, Institute of Cancer Research, Surrey, UK
    Cytopathology 17:323-38. 2006
  10. ncbi request reprint Monitoring and evaluating the UK National Health Service Breast Screening Programme: evaluating the variation in radiological performance between individual programmes using PPV-referral diagrams
    R G Blanks
    Cancer Screening Evaluation Unit, Institute of Cancer Research, Section of Epidemiology, D Block, Cotswold Road, Sutton, Surrey SM2 5QF, UK
    J Med Screen 8:24-8. 2001

Detail Information

Publications27

  1. ncbi request reprint An examination of the role of opportunistic smear taking in the NHS cervical screening programme using data from the CSEU cervical screening cohort study
    R G Blanks
    Cancer Screening Evaluation Unit, Institute of Cancer Research, Sutton, Surrey, UK
    BJOG 114:1408-13. 2007
    ..The objective of this study was to study the prevalence of opportunistic smear taking in the NHS cervical screening programme between 1999 and 2003 and the relationship of this to screening interval policy...
  2. doi request reprint The development of the referral outcome diagram and an analysis of laboratory cancer detection rates in the English NHS cervical screening programme--is there an optimum level of detection of CIN 1 and CIN 2 lesions?
    R G Blanks
    Cancer Screening Evaluation Unit, Sir Richard Doll Building, Institute of Cancer Research, Cotswold Road, Sutton, Surrey, UK
    Cytopathology 19:244-53. 2008
    ..To use routine annual data from the English cervical screening laboratories (KC61 returns) to evaluate individual laboratory return characteristics with particular reference to factors associated with sensitivity and specificity...
  3. ncbi request reprint The effect of changing from one to two views at incident (subsequent) screens in the NHS breast screening programme in England: impact on cancer detection and recall rates
    R G Blanks
    Cancer Screening Evaluation Unit, Institute of Cancer Research, Sutton, UK
    Clin Radiol 60:674-80. 2005
    ..To assess the effect on cancer detection and recall rates of changing from one to two views for incident (subsequent) screens...
  4. doi request reprint The use of screening episodes linked to CIN3 and invasive cancer registrations to study outcomes from the NHS Cervical Screening Programme
    R G Blanks
    Cancer Screening Evaluation Unit, Institute of Cancer Research, Sutton, UK
    Cytopathology 20:154-60. 2009
    ....
  5. pmc Risk of cervical abnormality after age 50 in women with previously negative smears
    R G Blanks
    Cancer Screening Evaluation Unit, Sir Richard Doll Building, Institute of Cancer Research, 15 Cotswold Road, Sutton, Surrey SM2 5NG, UK
    Br J Cancer 100:1832-6. 2009
    ..If screening were discontinued for all women over 50 with a negative history, the majority of cytological abnormalities now being detected at these ages that lead directly to referral to colposcopy would be missed...
  6. doi request reprint Using a graph of the abnormal predictive value versus the positive predictive value for the determination of outlier laboratories in the National Health Service cervical screening programme
    R G Blanks
    Cancer Screening Evaluation Unit, Institute of Cancer Research, Sutton, Surrey, UK
    Cytopathology 21:379-88. 2010
    ..A more targeted method of identifying outliers may be more useful...
  7. doi request reprint Estimation of disease severity in the NHS cervical screening programme. Part II: quantitative methods of estimating disease severity and progression potential
    R G Blanks
    Cancer Screening Evaluation Unit, Institute of Cancer Research, Sutton, Surrey, UK
    Cytopathology 22:155-63. 2011
    ..In Part II quantitative methods are proposed that are used to predict the estimated progression probability (EPP) to invasive cancer...
  8. doi request reprint Comparison of cytology and histology results in English cervical screening laboratories before and after liquid-based cytology conversion: do the data provide evidence for a single category of high-grade dyskaryosis?
    R G Blanks
    Cancer Screening Evaluation Unit, Institute of Cancer Research, Sutton, Surrey, UK
    Cytopathology 21:368-73. 2010
    ....
  9. ncbi request reprint Improving the NHS cervical screening laboratory performance indicators by making allowance for population age, risk and screening interval
    R G Blanks
    Cancer Screening Evaluation Unit, Institute of Cancer Research, Surrey, UK
    Cytopathology 17:323-38. 2006
    ..A clear limitation with this methodology is that laboratories do not examine smears from women with the same underlying risk, age distribution or screening interval and adjustment for these factors should considerably improve the method...
  10. ncbi request reprint Monitoring and evaluating the UK National Health Service Breast Screening Programme: evaluating the variation in radiological performance between individual programmes using PPV-referral diagrams
    R G Blanks
    Cancer Screening Evaluation Unit, Institute of Cancer Research, Section of Epidemiology, D Block, Cotswold Road, Sutton, Surrey SM2 5QF, UK
    J Med Screen 8:24-8. 2001
    ..The methodology could also be applied to other national screening programmes...
  11. pmc Routine breast screening for women aged 65-69: results from evaluation of the demonstration sites
    S M Moss
    Cancer Screening Evaluation Unit, Section of Epidemiology, The Institute of Cancer Research, Block D, Cotswold Road, Sutton, Surrey, SM2 5NG
    Br J Cancer 85:1289-94. 2001
    ..The proposed extension to the national programme will have considerable workforce implications for the NHSBSP and require additional resources...
  12. doi request reprint An observational study to evaluate the performance of units using two radiographers to read screening mammograms
    R L Bennett
    Cancer Screening Evaluation Unit, Institute of Cancer Research, Sutton, Surrey, UK
    Clin Radiol 67:114-21. 2012
    ..To examine the performance of screening units in which a proportion of mammograms were double read using "non-discordant radiographer only (double) reading" (NDROR)...
  13. doi request reprint Coverage in the National Health Service Breast Screening Programme, 1996-2005: correcting for the first invitation of women between 50 and 52 years
    R L Bennett
    Cancer Screening Evaluation Unit, Institute of Cancer Research, 15 Cotswold Road, Sutton, Surrey SM2 5NG, UK
    J Public Health (Oxf) 30:167-70. 2008
    ..Coverage measures the ability of the National Health Service Breast Screening Programme (NHSBSP) to reach the eligible population and has a target of 70%...
  14. ncbi request reprint Results from the UK NHS breast screening programme 1994-1999
    R G Blanks
    Cancer Screening Evaluation Unit, Institute of Cancer Research, Sutton, Surrey, UK
    J Med Screen 7:195-8. 2000
    ..To present results from the NHS breast screening programme (NHSBSP) from 1994 through to 1999 and to examine the extent to which interim targets are being achieved...
  15. ncbi request reprint Reasons for variation in coverage in the NHS cervical screening programme
    C E McGahan
    Cancer Screening Evaluation Unit, Institute of Cancer Research, Section of Epidemiology, Sutton, UK
    Cytopathology 12:354-66. 2001
    ..Coverage as a performance indicator may be more accurately represented using the age range 35-64 years. Using this narrower age range, the percentage of health authorities meeting the 80% 5-year coverage target increases from 87% to 90%...
  16. ncbi request reprint Results from the UK NHS Breast Screening Programme 2000-05
    R L Bennett
    Cancer Screening Evaluation Unit, Institute of Cancer Research, 15 Cotswold Road, Sutton, Surrey, UK
    J Med Screen 14:200-4. 2007
    ..To present results from the UK NHS breast screening programme (NHSBSP) for the six-year period from 1 April 1999 to 31 March 2005, and to compare these with targets...
  17. ncbi request reprint Should a standard be defined for the Positive Predictive Value (PPV) of recall in the UK NHS Breast Screening Programme?
    R L Bennett
    Cancer Screening Evaluation Unit, Section of Epidemiology, Institute of Cancer Research, Cotswold Road, Sutton, Surrey SM2 5NG, UK
    Breast 16:55-9. 2007
    ..This paper will explore the role of PPV as a performance measure and show how making moderate increases in PPV for programmes with the lowest PPVs could lead to major improvements in the overall efficiency of the programme...
  18. ncbi request reprint Does individual programme size affect screening performance? Results from the United Kingdom NHS breast screening programme
    R G Blanks
    Cancer Screening Evaluation Unit, Block D, Institute of Cancer Research, Sutton, Surrey, SM2 5NG, UK
    J Med Screen 9:11-4. 2002
    ..The size (number of women screened) of the 95 individual NHS breast screening programmes (NHSBSPs) varies by a factor of 10. This study investigates the impact of size on the performance of individual programmes...
  19. pmc Evaluation of extension of breast screening to women aged 65-70 in England using screening performance measures
    R L Bennett
    Cancer Screening Evaluation Unit, Institute of Cancer Research, Sutton, Surrey, UK
    Br J Cancer 100:1043-7. 2009
    ..The cancer detection rate is higher in this older age group, whereas rates of recall are generally similar to those in younger women; consequently the PPV is also higher in older women...
  20. ncbi request reprint The effect of data quality at the time of introduction of population-based screening on the estimate of programme impact using surrogate outcome measures
    R L Bennett
    Cancer Screening Evaluation Unit, Sir Richard Doll Building, Institute of Cancer Research, 15 Cotswold Road, Sutton, Surrey SM2 5NG, UK
    J Med Screen 13:197-200. 2006
    ..As the observed effect on mortality of a screening programme occurs many years after the introduction of screening, surrogate outcome measures offer an attractive alternative, allowing estimates of the effect to be calculated earlier...
  21. ncbi request reprint Monitoring and evaluating the performance of the UK NHS Cervical Screening Programme: monitoring performance by using cytology outcomes adjusted for population characteristics
    R G Blanks
    Cancer Screening Evaluation Unit, Institute of Cancer Research, Sutton, Surrey, UK
    Cytopathology 15:5-11. 2004
    ..The method could also be directly applied to laboratories if further information on the population covered by each laboratory were routinely collected...
  22. ncbi request reprint Does the accuracy of single reading with CAD (computer-aided detection) compare with that of double reading?: A review of the literature
    R L Bennett
    Cancer Screening Evaluation Unit, Institute of Cancer Research, Sutton, Surrey, UK
    Clin Radiol 61:1023-8. 2006
    ..To examine current evidence to determine whether the accuracy of single reading with computed-aided detection (CAD) compares with that of double reading...
  23. ncbi request reprint Is radiologists' volume of mammography reading related to accuracy? A critical review of the literature
    S M Moss
    Cancer Screening Evaluation Unit, Institute of Cancer Research, Sutton, UK
    Clin Radiol 60:623-6. 2005
    ..Further work is needed, in a UK or European setting, to study the relationship between reading volume and accuracy at higher volume levels and also the separate effects of reading volume and reading experience...
  24. doi request reprint Estimation of disease severity in the NHS cervical screening programme. Part I: artificial cut-off points and semi-quantitative solutions
    R G Blanks
    Cancer Screening Evaluation Unit, Sir Richard Doll Building, Institute of Cancer Research, Sutton, Surrey, UK
    Cytopathology 22:146-54. 2011
    ..This two-part paper explores the use of a quantitative approach to both cytology and histology disease severity measurements...
  25. doi request reprint A statistical and epidemiological viewpoint and implications at the research and system level
    R G Blanks
    The Institute of Cancer Research, Cancer Screening Evaluation Unit, Block D 15 Cotswold Road, Sutton, Surrey, SM2 5NG, UK
    Cytopathology 19:160-1. 2008
  26. ncbi request reprint Should breast screening programmes limit their detection of ductal carcinoma in situ?
    A J Evans
    Helen Garrod Breast Screening Unit, City Hospital, Hucknall Road, Nottingham, NG5 1PB, UK
    Clin Radiol 57:1086-9. 2002
    ..We have therefore investigated the effect of DCIS detection rate on the detection of small (<15 mm) invasive cancers in the 95 units of the U.K. NHS Breast Screening Programme (NHSBSP)...
  27. pmc Maximising benefit and minimising harm of screening
    J A M Gray
    National Knowledge Service, Oxford OX3 7LG
    BMJ 336:480-3. 2008