Affiliation: British Antarctic Survey
- Temperature, metabolic power and the evolution of endothermyAndrew Clarke
Biological Sciences, British Antarctic Survey, NERC, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge, CB3 0ET, UK
Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 85:703-27. 2010..Large dinosaurs were warm, but were not endotherms, and the metabolic status of pterosaurs remains unresolved...
- Evolutionary dynamics at high latitudes: speciation and extinction in polar marine faunasAndrew Clarke
British Antarctic Survey, High Cross, Cambridge CB3 0ET, UK
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 365:3655-66. 2010..Molecular techniques to produce phylogenies, coupled with further palaeontological work to root these phylogenies in time, will be essential to further progress...
- Protein synthesis, RNA concentrations, nitrogen excretion, and metabolism vary seasonally in the Antarctic holothurian Heterocucumis steineni (Ludwig 1898)Keiron P P Fraser
British Antarctic Survey, Natural Environment Research Council, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 OET, United Kingdom
Physiol Biochem Zool 77:556-69. 2004..concinna, while the proportional decrease in protein synthesis rates is similar in both species...
- Antarctic ecology from genes to ecosystems: the impact of climate change and the importance of scaleAndrew Clarke
British Antarctic Survey, NERC, Cambridge, UK
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 362:5-9. 2007....
- Climate change and the marine ecosystem of the western Antarctic PeninsulaAndrew Clarke
British Antarctic Survey, NERC, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0ET, UK
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 362:149-66. 2007..The complexity of the Southern Ocean food web and the nonlinear nature of many interactions mean that predictions based on short-term studies of a small number of species are likely to be misleading...
- Dinosaur energetics: setting the bounds on feasible physiologies and ecologiesAndrew Clarke
British Antarctic Survey, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0ET, UK
Am Nat 182:283-97. 2013..It would appear that dinosaurs exhibited a range of metabolic levels to match the broad spectrum of ecological niches they occupied...
- Scaling of basal metabolic rate with body mass and temperature in mammalsAndrew Clarke
British Antarctic Survey, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0ET, UK
J Anim Ecol 79:610-9. 2010..All other things being equal, a polar mammal living at -10 degrees C has a body temperature approximately 2.7 degrees C warmer and a BMR higher by approximately 40% than a tropical mammal of similar size living at 25 degrees C...
- Adult antarctic krill feeding at abyssal depthsAndrew Clarke
Biological Sciences, British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge CB3 0ET, United Kingdom
Curr Biol 18:282-5. 2008..These observations revise significantly our understanding of the depth distribution and ecology of Antarctic krill, a central organism in the Southern Ocean ecosystem...
- Climate, energy and diversityAndrew Clarke
Biological Sciences, British Antarctic Survey, NERC, Cambridge, UK
Proc Biol Sci 273:2257-66. 2006..If we are to make progress in elucidating these mechanisms, it is important to distinguish climatic effects on species' distribution and abundance from processes linking energy supply to plant and animal diversity...
- Growth in the slow lane: protein metabolism in the Antarctic limpet Nacella concinna (Strebel 1908)Keiron P P Fraser
British Antarctic Survey, Natural Environment Research Council, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge, CB3 OET, UK
J Exp Biol 210:2691-9. 2007..In the absence of adaptation, predicted increases in Antarctic water temperatures would result in reduced, rather than increased, rates of protein synthesis and, in turn, possibly growth...
- Energetic cost of synthesizing proteins in Antarctic limpet, Nacella concinna (Strebel, 1908), is not temperature dependentAndrew D Bowgen
British Antarctic Survey, Natural Environment Research Council, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge, United Kingdom
Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 292:R2266-74. 2007....
- Low-temperature protein metabolism: seasonal changes in protein synthesis and RNA dynamics in the Antarctic limpet Nacella concinna Strebel 1908Keiron P P Fraser
Natural Environment Research Council, British Antarctic Survey, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge, CB3 0ET, UK
J Exp Biol 205:3077-86. 2002..Calculations using theoretical energetic costs of protein synthesis suggest that Antarctic species may allocate a larger proportion of their metabolic budget to protein synthesis than do temperate or tropical species...
- Body temperature predicts maximum microsatellite length in mammalsWilliam Amos
Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
Biol Lett 4:399-401. 2008..Our results support a model of microsatellite evolution in which maximum length is limited by a temperature-dependent stability threshold...
- Limpet feeding rate and the consistency of physiological response to temperatureSimon A Morley
British Antarctic Survey, Natural Environment Research Council, Cambridge, UK
J Comp Physiol B 184:563-70. 2014..The thermal reaction norms of muscular activity were, therefore, inconsistent within and between species, indicating that different mechanisms likely underlie different aspects of species sensitivities to temperature...
- Antarctic marine biologyDavid K A Barnes
British Antarctic Survey, NERC, Madingley Road, Cambridge, CB3 0ET, UK
Curr Biol 21:R451-7. 2011..Being isolated and difficult of access, there are large areas which have never been sampled or even visited, and much of the biology is very poorly known away from the proximity of research stations...
- Introduction. Antarctic ecology: from genes to ecosystems. Part 2. Evolution, diversity and functional ecologyAlex D Rogers
Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regent s Park, London, UK
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 362:2187-9. 2007..The simplicity of Antarctic communities, especially from terrestrial systems, makes them ideal to investigate the ecological implications of climate change, which are difficult to identify in more complex systems...
- Trade-offs in thermal adaptation: the need for a molecular to ecological integrationHans O Portner
Animal Ecophysiology, Alfred Wegener Institute fur Polar und Meeresforschung, Okophysiologie, Postfach 120161, D 27515 Bremerhaven, Germany
Physiol Biochem Zool 79:295-313. 2006..This understanding builds on a mechanistic analysis of the width and location of thermal windows on the temperature scale and also on study of the functional properties of relevant proteins and associated gene expression mechanisms...
- A reappraisal of the habitability of planets around M dwarf starsJill C Tarter
SETI Institute, Mountain View, California 94043, USA
Astrobiology 7:30-65. 2007..This paper presents the summary conclusions of an interdisciplinary workshop (http://mstars.seti.org) sponsored by the NASA Astrobiology Institute and convened at the SETI Institute...
- Myogenic cell cycle duration in Harpagifer species with sub-Antarctic and Antarctic distributions: evidence for cold compensationJulie C Brodeur
Gatty Marine Laboratory, School of Biology, Division of Environmental and Evolutionary Biology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Scotland, KY16 8LB, UK
J Exp Biol 206:1011-6. 2003..The results obtained are compatible with an evolutionary adjustment of cell cycle time for function at low temperature in the Antarctic species...
- Hydrogen peroxide and nitric oxide as signalling molecules in plantsSteven J Neill
Centre for Research in Plant Science, Faculty of Applied Sciences, University of the West of England, Coldharbour Lane, Bristol BS16 1QY, UK
J Exp Bot 53:1237-47. 2002..Key signalling components that might provide targets for enhancing crop production are also identified...