R W Wiers

Summary

Affiliation: Maastricht University
Country: The Netherlands

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint The search for new ways to change implicit alcohol-related cognitions in heavy drinkers
    Reinout W Wiers
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Universiteit Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 30:320-31. 2006
  2. ncbi request reprint Implicit cocaine associations in active cocaine users and controls
    Reinout W Wiers
    Faculty of Psychology, Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Addict Behav 32:1284-9. 2007
  3. ncbi request reprint How to change implicit drug use-related cognitions in prevention: a transdisciplinary integration of findings from experimental psychopathology, social cognition, memory, and experimental learning psychology
    Reinout W Wiers
    Faculty of Psychology, Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Subst Use Misuse 39:1625-84. 2004
  4. ncbi request reprint An experimental test of an alcohol expectancy challenge in mixed gender groups of young heavy drinkers
    Reinout W Wiers
    Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, UNS 40 PO Box 616 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Addict Behav 29:215-20. 2004
  5. ncbi request reprint Changing expectancies: cognitive mechanisms and context effects
    Reinout W Wiers
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Faculty of Psycology, Universiteit Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 27:186-97. 2003
  6. ncbi request reprint Implicit and explicit alcohol-related cognitions in heavy and light drinkers
    Reinout W Wiers
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    J Abnorm Psychol 111:648-58. 2002
  7. ncbi request reprint Automatic and controlled processes and the development of addictive behaviors in adolescents: a review and a model
    Reinout W Wiers
    Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Pharmacol Biochem Behav 86:263-83. 2007
  8. ncbi request reprint The assessment of alcohol expectancies in school children: measurement or modification?
    R W Wiers
    University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Addiction 95:737-46. 2000
  9. doi request reprint Alcohol and drug expectancies as anticipated changes in affect: negative reinforcement is not sedation
    Reinout W Wiers
    Experimental Psychology, Universiteit Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Subst Use Misuse 43:429-44. 2008
  10. ncbi request reprint Implicit and explicit alcohol-related cognitions
    Reinout W Wiers
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Universiteit Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 26:129-37. 2002

Detail Information

Publications62

  1. ncbi request reprint The search for new ways to change implicit alcohol-related cognitions in heavy drinkers
    Reinout W Wiers
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Universiteit Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 30:320-31. 2006
    ..After further refinement, these procedures might be used in clinical interventions that have not previously addressed implicit cognitive processes...
  2. ncbi request reprint Implicit cocaine associations in active cocaine users and controls
    Reinout W Wiers
    Faculty of Psychology, Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Addict Behav 32:1284-9. 2007
    ..It is discussed that these paradoxical findings could be related to properties of the IATs used or that they may reflect a similar quieting effect as demonstrated for stimulants in children with ADHD...
  3. ncbi request reprint How to change implicit drug use-related cognitions in prevention: a transdisciplinary integration of findings from experimental psychopathology, social cognition, memory, and experimental learning psychology
    Reinout W Wiers
    Faculty of Psychology, Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Subst Use Misuse 39:1625-84. 2004
    ....
  4. ncbi request reprint An experimental test of an alcohol expectancy challenge in mixed gender groups of young heavy drinkers
    Reinout W Wiers
    Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, UNS 40 PO Box 616 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Addict Behav 29:215-20. 2004
    ..An important next question is whether a single experiential session could be effective because recruitment for a multisession challenge proved difficult, which is problematic for further implementation...
  5. ncbi request reprint Changing expectancies: cognitive mechanisms and context effects
    Reinout W Wiers
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Faculty of Psycology, Universiteit Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 27:186-97. 2003
    ....
  6. ncbi request reprint Implicit and explicit alcohol-related cognitions in heavy and light drinkers
    Reinout W Wiers
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    J Abnorm Psychol 111:648-58. 2002
    ..Heavy drinkers' implicit arousal associations could reflect the sensitized psychomotor-activating response to drug cues, a motivational mechanism hypothesized to underlie the etiology of addictive behaviors...
  7. ncbi request reprint Automatic and controlled processes and the development of addictive behaviors in adolescents: a review and a model
    Reinout W Wiers
    Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Pharmacol Biochem Behav 86:263-83. 2007
    ..Finally, we discuss implications of the model for interventions...
  8. ncbi request reprint The assessment of alcohol expectancies in school children: measurement or modification?
    R W Wiers
    University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Addiction 95:737-46. 2000
    ..The present study investigated whether this increase was still found using an unbiased instrument. Further, it was tested whether the assessment method with puppets influenced children's expectancies...
  9. doi request reprint Alcohol and drug expectancies as anticipated changes in affect: negative reinforcement is not sedation
    Reinout W Wiers
    Experimental Psychology, Universiteit Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Subst Use Misuse 43:429-44. 2008
    ..In a new dataset (from 119 students, collected in 2002), I demonstrate that sedation is related to negative expectancies and not to negative reinforcement. Different ways to assess all major expectancy factors are proposed...
  10. ncbi request reprint Implicit and explicit alcohol-related cognitions
    Reinout W Wiers
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Universiteit Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 26:129-37. 2002
    ....
  11. doi request reprint Retraining automatic action-tendencies to approach alcohol in hazardous drinkers
    Reinout W Wiers
    University of Amsterdam, Department of Psychology, Roetersstraat 15, 1018 WB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Addiction 105:279-87. 2010
    ..The main aim of this study was to test whether automatic action-tendencies to approach alcohol can be modified, and whether this affects drinking behaviour...
  12. doi request reprint A short fuse after alcohol: implicit power associations predict aggressiveness after alcohol consumption in young heavy drinkers with limited executive control
    Reinout W Wiers
    Dept of Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Roetersstraat 15, 1018WB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Pharmacol Biochem Behav 93:300-5. 2009
    ....
  13. doi request reprint Craving and attentional bias respond differently to alcohol priming: a field study in the pub
    T M Schoenmakers
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Eur Addict Res 16:9-16. 2010
    ..Also, it is not known whether the effects from laboratory studies can be generalized to real-life drinking environments, and whether effects change after higher alcohol doses than those that have been administered in lab studies...
  14. pmc Learning to dislike alcohol: conditioning negative implicit attitudes toward alcohol and its effect on drinking behavior
    Katrijn Houben
    Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 211:79-86. 2010
    ..Since implicit attitudes toward alcohol play an important role in drinking behavior, a possible way to obtain a behavioral change is changing these implicit attitudes...
  15. pmc Are alcohol expectancies associations? Comment on Moss and Albery (2009)
    Reinout W Wiers
    Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Psychol Bull 136:12-6; discussion 17-20. 2010
    ..This difference in perspective not only has theoretical implications but also leads to different predictions regarding acute alcohol effects in society...
  16. ncbi request reprint Do young children of alcoholics hold more positive or negative alcohol-related expectancies than controls?
    R W Wiers
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, and Academic Medical Center, Ansterdam Institute for Addiction Research, The Netherlands
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 22:1855-63. 1998
    ..The proposed model should be critically tested with longitudinal data. If confirmed, the model may be of importance for prevention of alcohol-related problems in high-risk populations...
  17. doi request reprint Clinical effectiveness of attentional bias modification training in abstinent alcoholic patients
    Tim M Schoenmakers
    Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, Universiteitssingel 40, P O Box 616, 6200MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Drug Alcohol Depend 109:30-6. 2010
    ..Results indicate that ABM among alcohol-dependent patients was effective and that it may affect treatment progression. Large-scale trials are warranted to further investigate this new field...
  18. doi request reprint Cue-induced striatal activity in frequent cannabis users independently predicts cannabis problem severity three years later
    W A M Vingerhoets
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands Department of Nuclear Medicine, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Psychopharmacol 30:152-8. 2016
    ..Given the relatively small sample size, these results are preliminary and should be replicated in larger samples of cannabis users. ..
  19. doi request reprint Factors underlying smoking relapse prevention: results of an international Delphi study
    I Elfeddali
    Department of Health Promotion and Health Education, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Health Educ Res 25:1008-20. 2010
    ..Generally speaking, the researchers and coaches provided similar suggestions. The results paint a picture of the current state of knowledge on relapse-related factors and point the way to areas for further research...
  20. doi request reprint Adolescents binge drinking when on holiday: an evaluation of a community intervention based on self-regulation
    Jade van de Luitgaarden
    Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Department of Health Promotion and Health Education, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Subst Use Misuse 45:190-203. 2010
    ..Compliance with measures as well as the effects of measures are discussed. Limitations are noted and recommendations for optimizing the potential of community interventions are made...
  21. ncbi request reprint Personalizing the alcohol-IAT with individualized stimuli: relationship with drinking behavior and drinking-related problems
    Katrijn Houben
    Faculty of Psychology, Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Addict Behav 32:2852-64. 2007
    ..Incremental predictive validity was demonstrated for both tasks. Importantly, these findings underscore the importance of implicit attitudes toward alcohol as determinants of alcohol use and abuse...
  22. pmc Effects of a low dose of alcohol on cognitive biases and craving in heavy drinkers
    Tim Schoenmakers
    Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, Universiteitssingel 40, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 197:169-78. 2008
    ..Alcohol consumption might not only increase different aspects of appetitive motivation, but also correlations between those aspects...
  23. ncbi request reprint Apples and oranges? Comparing indirect measures of alcohol-related cognition predicting alcohol use in at-risk adolescents
    Carolien Thush
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Psychol Addict Behav 21:587-91. 2007
    ..These indirect measures appear to assess cognitive motivational processes that affect behavior in ways not reflected by direct measures of alcohol-related cognitions...
  24. pmc Interactions between implicit and explicit cognition and working memory capacity in the prediction of alcohol use in at-risk adolescents
    Carolien Thush
    Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Drug Alcohol Depend 94:116-24. 2008
    ..This could imply that different intervention methods could be effective for different subgroups of at-risk youth...
  25. doi request reprint Implicitly positive about alcohol? Implicit positive associations predict drinking behavior
    Katrijn Houben
    Faculty of Psychology, Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Addict Behav 33:979-86. 2008
    ....
  26. doi request reprint Measuring implicit alcohol associations via the Internet: validation of Web-based implicit association tests
    Katrijn Houben
    Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Methods 40:1134-43. 2008
    ..Together, these findings demonstrate that the alcohol IAT can be validly administered online via participants' home computers...
  27. doi request reprint Response inhibition moderates the relationship between implicit associations and drinking behavior
    Katrijn Houben
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 33:626-33. 2009
    ..Specifically, it was examined whether the interaction between implicit alcohol-related associations and response inhibition predicted drinking behavior...
  28. pmc Influence of motivational interviewing on explicit and implicit alcohol-related cognition and alcohol use in at-risk adolescents
    Carolien Thush
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Psychol Addict Behav 23:146-51. 2009
    ..Our findings raise questions regarding the use of MI in this particular at-risk adolescent population and the mechanisms through which MI is effective. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved)...
  29. ncbi request reprint Effect of cue exposure, urge to smoke, and nicotine deprivation on cognitive performance in smokers
    Remco C Havermans
    Faculty of Psychology, Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, Netherlands
    Psychol Addict Behav 17:336-9. 2003
    ..However, the nicotine patch group reported a higher urge in the absence of longer RTs. The results indicated that nicotine deprivation affects cognitive performance and that the urge to smoke only partially mediated RTs...
  30. doi request reprint Heavy drinking is associated with deficient response inhibition in women but not in men
    Chantal Nederkoorn
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Pharmacol Biochem Behav 93:331-6. 2009
    ..Second, heavy drinking females showed stronger response inhibition deficits than other groups. Results are discussed in light of a possible gender difference in response inhibition as a risk factor for addictive behaviours...
  31. doi request reprint Seeing the forest through the trees: a comparison of different IAT variants measuring implicit alcohol associations
    Katrijn Houben
    Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Drug Alcohol Depend 106:204-11. 2010
    ..Overall, the bipolar alcohol-related affective IAT outperformed all other IAT variants with respect to its relationship with explicit measures and drinking behavior...
  32. ncbi request reprint Single-session expectancy challenge with young heavy drinkers on holiday
    Jade van de Luitgaarden
    Maastricht University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Medical Sociology, P O Box 616, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Addict Behav 32:2865-78. 2007
    ..These findings suggest that further research on the mechanisms of change is necessary before a single-session EC may be used in a real-life prevention setting...
  33. ncbi request reprint Are drinkers implicitly positive about drinking alcohol? Personalizing the alcohol-IAT to reduce negative extrapersonal contamination
    Katrijn Houben
    Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Alcohol Alcohol 42:301-7. 2007
    ....
  34. ncbi request reprint From the laboratory to real life: a pilot study of an expectancy challenge with "heavy drinking" young people on holiday
    Jade van de Luitgaarden
    Department of Medical Sociology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Maastricht University, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Subst Use Misuse 41:353-68. 2006
    ..No effect was found on alcohol use. In conclusion, implementation must be improved and more studies are needed to come to more definite conclusions about the value of the EC in a real-life targeted intervention...
  35. ncbi request reprint Challenging implicit and explicit alcohol-related cognitions in young heavy drinkers
    Reinout W Wiers
    Faculty of Psychology, Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Addiction 100:806-19. 2005
    ..SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTION: Ninety-two heavy drinking college and university students (half women) were assigned randomly to the EC or control condition (a sham alcohol experiment in the same bar-laboratory)...
  36. ncbi request reprint Is the strength of implicit alcohol associations correlated with alcohol-induced heart-rate acceleration?
    Esther van den Wildenberg
    Faculty of Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 30:1336-48. 2006
    ..These 3 types of implicit alcohol-related cognitions have been proposed to reflect the strength of incentive sensitization that is experienced after repeated alcohol use...
  37. ncbi request reprint Explicit and implicit alcohol-related cognitions and the prediction of future drinking in adolescents
    Carolien Thush
    Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Addict Behav 32:1367-83. 2007
    ....
  38. ncbi request reprint A test of the salience asymmetry interpretation of the alcohol-IAT
    Katrijn Houben
    Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Exp Psychol 53:292-300. 2006
    ..Contrary to the FG account, however, the IAT effect was not reversed, and IAT effects were predicted by alcohol use but not by FG asymmetries. Hence, the FG account only partly explains the negative alcohol-IAT effect...
  39. ncbi request reprint Assessing implicit alcohol associations with the Implicit Association Test: fact or artifact?
    Katrijn Houben
    Faculty of Psychology, Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Addict Behav 31:1346-62. 2006
    ..These findings provide support that implicit alcohol associations are not merely IAT artifacts and that they can be assessed in a meaningful way with unipolar IATs...
  40. ncbi request reprint A functional polymorphism of the mu-opioid receptor gene (OPRM1) influences cue-induced craving for alcohol in male heavy drinkers
    Esther van den Wildenberg
    Faculty of Psychology, Maastricht University, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 31:1-10. 2007
    ..This study investigated the influence of the A118G polymorphism on cue reactivity after exposure to an alcoholic beverage in male heavy drinkers...
  41. ncbi request reprint Measuring fear of movement/(re)injury in chronic low back pain using implicit measures
    Maaike Leeuw
    Department of Medical, Clinical and Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Cogn Behav Ther 36:52-64. 2007
    ..Research towards the psychometric properties of these measures should first be expanded before modifying, and applying, them to more complex domains such as fear of movement/(re)injury...
  42. ncbi request reprint Design of a problem-based curriculum: a general approach and a case study in the domain of public health
    Reinout W Wiers
    Faculty of Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Med Teach 24:45-51. 2002
    ..In developing a problem-based curriculum, assessment deserves special attention, because of its influence on the learning process. Finally, educational organization, curriculum management and evaluation procedures are considered...
  43. ncbi request reprint Attentional re-training decreases attentional bias in heavy drinkers without generalization
    Tim Schoenmakers
    Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Addiction 102:399-405. 2007
    ..DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTION: We assigned randomly 106 heavy drinking male college and university students to the attentional re-training (AR; modified visual-probe task) or control condition (standard visual-probe task)...
  44. ncbi request reprint Polymorphisms of the dopamine D4 receptor gene (DRD4 VNTR) and cannabinoid CB1 receptor gene (CNR1) are not strongly related to cue-reactivity after alcohol exposure
    Esther van den Wildenberg
    Faculty of Psychology, Experimental Psychology, University of Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Addict Biol 12:210-20. 2007
    ..The DRD4 and CNR1 polymorphisms do not appear to strongly moderate cue-reactivity after alcohol cue exposure, in male heavy drinkers...
  45. doi request reprint An associative account of how the obesogenic environment biases adolescents' food choices
    P Watson
    Addiction Development and Psychopathology ADAPT lab, Department of Developmental Psychology, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands Amsterdam Brain and Cognition ABC, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands Habit Lab, Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Appetite 96:560-71. 2016
    ..These findings indicate that the ideomotor mechanism plays an important role in the detrimental effect of our obesogenic environment, with its plethora of unhealthy food reminders, on adolescents' food-related choices. ..
  46. doi request reprint Cannabis dependence, cognitive control and attentional bias for cannabis words
    J Cousijn
    Addiction Development and Psychopathology ADAPT lab, Department of Developmental Psychology, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands Department of Psychiatry, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands Brain and Development lab, Department of Developmental Psychology, Leiden University, The Netherlands Electronic address
    Addict Behav 38:2825-32. 2013
    ..This study confirmed the relationship between cannabis dependence and attentional bias and extends this by highlighting a moderating role for cognitive control, which may make some more vulnerable to craving. ..
  47. doi request reprint Relatively strong automatic appetitive action-tendencies in male carriers of the OPRM1 G-allele
    R W Wiers
    Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Genes Brain Behav 8:101-6. 2009
    ..Further research is needed to investigate the specificity of this approach bias and possible gender differences...
  48. ncbi request reprint A randomized clinical trial of a targeted intervention to moderate alcohol use and alcohol-related problems in at-risk adolescents
    C Thush
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Maastricht, Universiteitssingel 40, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Pharmacol Biochem Behav 86:368-76. 2007
    ..We concluded that although the present intervention successfully changed important cognitive determinants of drinking more is needed to change subsequent drinking behavior in at-risk adolescents...
  49. ncbi request reprint A critical unresolved issue associated with contemporary transdisciplinary substance use prevention research
    Reinout W Wiers
    Faculty of Psychology, Department of Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Subst Use Misuse 39:2088-90. 2004
  50. doi request reprint Working for food you don't desire. Cues interfere with goal-directed food-seeking
    P Watson
    Addiction Development and Psychopathology ADAPT lab, Department of Developmental Psychology, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands Cognitive Science Center Amsterdam, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Appetite 79:139-48. 2014
    ..These findings point to a mechanism that may underlie the powerful control that cues in our obesogenic environment exert over our behavior. ..
  51. doi request reprint Prevention of alcohol problems in Dutch youth: missed opportunities and new developments
    Jade van de Luitgaarden
    Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Eval Health Prof 31:167-81. 2008
    ..Translation of education and policy-based measures is discussed...
  52. ncbi request reprint Implicit and explicit attitudes toward smoking in a smoking and a nonsmoking setting
    Jorg Huijding
    Department of Clinical and Developmental Psychology, University of Groningen, Grote Kruisstraat 2 1, 9712 TS Groningen, The Netherlands
    Addict Behav 30:949-61. 2005
    ..In both settings, negative attitudes emerged, suggesting that global (implicit) attitudes may be a moderating rather than a driving factor in smoking behavior...
  53. ncbi request reprint Context effects on alcohol cognitions
    Marvin Krank
    Department of Psychology, Okanagan University College, Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 29:196-206. 2005
    ..The findings have direct implications for improving methods of predicting alcohol use and in understanding the role of alcohol cognitions in various contexts associated with alcohol use...
  54. ncbi request reprint Using the Extrinsic Affective Simon Test as a measure of implicit attitudes towards alcohol: relationship with drinking behavior and alcohol problems
    Peter J de Jong
    University of Groningen, The Netherlands
    Addict Behav 32:881-7. 2007
    ..Importantly, positive automatic alcohol associations predicted unique variance of alcohol (mis)use and was the single best predictor of individuals' alcohol problems, underlining the idea that they do play a role in alcohol (mis)use...
  55. ncbi request reprint Implicit cognitive processes in psychopathology: an introduction
    Reinout W Wiers
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 38:95-104. 2007
    ..We summarize the contributions to this special issue and discuss how they further our knowledge of implicit processes in psychopathology and how to measure them...
  56. pmc Working memory capacity moderates the predictive effects of drug-related associations on substance use
    Jerry L Grenard
    Institute for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Research, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 91803, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 22:426-32. 2008
    ..These findings add to the literature implicating the influence of dual cognitive processes in adolescent risk behaviors...
  57. pmc Brief intervention for substance use among at-risk adolescents: a pilot study
    Jerry L Grenard
    Institute for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Research, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    J Adolesc Health 40:188-91. 2007
    ..Students actively participated in brief motivational interviews and showed some improvement in five of nine outcomes at three-month follow-ups...
  58. ncbi request reprint The mood-induced activation of implicit alcohol cognition in enhancement and coping motivated drinkers
    Cheryl D Birch
    Dalhousie University, Psychology Department, Life Sciences Centre, 1355 Oxford Street, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, B3H 4J1
    Addict Behav 33:565-81. 2008
    ..This research has implications for experimental cognitive research and it highlights the potential utility of treatment matching according to drinking motives (e.g., EM) to improve clinical outcomes...
  59. pmc Comparison of indirect assessments of association as predictors of marijuana use among at-risk adolescents
    Susan L Ames
    Institute for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Research, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 91803, USA
    Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 15:204-18. 2007
    ..Findings from this work add to a growing body of research that implicates the importance of implicit associative processes in risk and health behaviors...
  60. ncbi request reprint Polymorphisms in the mu-opioid receptor gene (OPRM1) and the implications for alcohol dependence in humans
    Carmen S van der Zwaluw
    Radboud University Nijmegen, Behavioural Science Institute, PO Box 9104, 6500 HE Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Pharmacogenomics 8:1427-36. 2007
    ..Factors that complicate genetic research on alcohol dependence, such as gene-environment interaction, and genetic and clinical heterogeneity, are discussed...
  61. doi request reprint Working memory capacity and self-regulatory behavior: toward an individual differences perspective on behavior determination by automatic versus controlled processes
    Wilhelm Hofmann
    Department of Psychology, University of Wurzburg, Wurzburg, Germany
    J Pers Soc Psychol 95:962-77. 2008
    ..Taken together, these results demonstrate the importance of working memory capacity for everyday self-regulation and suggest an individual differences perspective on dual-process or dual-system theories of human behavior...
  62. ncbi request reprint Half full or half empty, what are we drinking? Some comments on the discussion of the causal role of alcohol expectancies as a mechanism of change
    Reinout W Wiers
    Addiction 97:599-600. 2002