L Esther de Graaf

Summary

Affiliation: Maastricht University
Country: The Netherlands

Publications

  1. doi Use and acceptability of unsupported online computerized cognitive behavioral therapy for depression and associations with clinical outcome
    L Esther de Graaf
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Faculty of Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    J Affect Disord 116:227-31. 2009
  2. pmc Clinical and cost-effectiveness of computerised cognitive behavioural therapy for depression in primary care: design of a randomised trial
    L Esther de Graaf
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Faculty of Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    BMC Public Health 8:224. 2008
  3. doi Psychometric properties of the Trauma Relevant Assumptions Scale
    Nicole Buck
    Maastricht University, Department of Medical, Clinical and Experimental Psychology, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Anxiety Disord 22:1496-509. 2008
  4. doi Reliability and validity of the short Schema Mode Inventory (SMI)
    Jill Lobbestael
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Behav Cogn Psychother 38:437-58. 2010
  5. doi Rumination and worrying as possible mediators in the relation between neuroticism and symptoms of depression and anxiety in clinically depressed individuals
    Jeffrey Roelofs
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, The Netherlands Community Mental Health Center, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 46:1283-9. 2008
  6. doi Does illness attribution affect treatment assignment in depression?
    Susanne Schweizer
    Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Clin Psychol Psychother 17:418-26. 2010
  7. doi Emotional, cognitive and physiological correlates of abuse-related stress in borderline and antisocial personality disorder
    Jill Lobbestael
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 48:116-24. 2010
  8. pmc Effectiveness, relapse prevention and mechanisms of change of cognitive therapy vs. interpersonal therapy for depression: Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial
    Lotte H J M Lemmens
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Trials 12:150. 2011
  9. doi A comparative study of patients and therapists' reports of schema modes
    Jill Lobbestael
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 40:571-9. 2009
  10. doi Interpretation bias in Cluster-C and borderline personality disorders
    Arnoud Arntz
    Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 49:472-81. 2011

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications62

  1. doi Use and acceptability of unsupported online computerized cognitive behavioral therapy for depression and associations with clinical outcome
    L Esther de Graaf
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Faculty of Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    J Affect Disord 116:227-31. 2009
    ..Therefore, the aim of the current study was to have a closer look at usage and acceptability (i.e. expectancy, credibility, and satisfaction) of the intervention...
  2. pmc Clinical and cost-effectiveness of computerised cognitive behavioural therapy for depression in primary care: design of a randomised trial
    L Esther de Graaf
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Faculty of Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    BMC Public Health 8:224. 2008
    ..Therefore, the objective of the current study is to evaluate the (cost-) effectiveness of online computerised cognitive behavioural therapy for depression in primary care...
  3. doi Psychometric properties of the Trauma Relevant Assumptions Scale
    Nicole Buck
    Maastricht University, Department of Medical, Clinical and Experimental Psychology, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Anxiety Disord 22:1496-509. 2008
    ..Apart from research settings, the TRAS may also be suitable in therapeutic settings to identify the severity of dysfunctional assumptions, and to assess the progress in change from negative assumptions to more positive assumptions...
  4. doi Reliability and validity of the short Schema Mode Inventory (SMI)
    Jill Lobbestael
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Behav Cogn Psychother 38:437-58. 2010
    ..This study presents a new questionnaire to assess schema modes: the Schema Mode Inventory (SMI)...
  5. doi Rumination and worrying as possible mediators in the relation between neuroticism and symptoms of depression and anxiety in clinically depressed individuals
    Jeffrey Roelofs
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, The Netherlands Community Mental Health Center, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 46:1283-9. 2008
    ..The results are discussed in the light of current theories, previous research, and recent treatment developments. Clinical implications and suggestions for future research are provided...
  6. doi Does illness attribution affect treatment assignment in depression?
    Susanne Schweizer
    Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Clin Psychol Psychother 17:418-26. 2010
    ..The aim of the present study was to examine whether illness attribution across the domains of intraindividual, interpersonal and biological reasons was associated with treatment assignment in a naturalistic treatment setting...
  7. doi Emotional, cognitive and physiological correlates of abuse-related stress in borderline and antisocial personality disorder
    Jill Lobbestael
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 48:116-24. 2010
    ..These findings suggest that BPD and ASPD-patients are alike in their implicit cognitive abuse-related stress reactivity, but can be differentiated in their self-reported and physiological response patterns...
  8. pmc Effectiveness, relapse prevention and mechanisms of change of cognitive therapy vs. interpersonal therapy for depression: Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial
    Lotte H J M Lemmens
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Trials 12:150. 2011
    ....
  9. doi A comparative study of patients and therapists' reports of schema modes
    Jill Lobbestael
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 40:571-9. 2009
    ..These findings underscore the importance for the use of alternative assessment methods of cognitive concepts in antisocial patients...
  10. doi Interpretation bias in Cluster-C and borderline personality disorders
    Arnoud Arntz
    Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 49:472-81. 2011
    ..It is concluded that the assumptions of CT are supported for BPD and AV/DEPD, but not - at least not on the explicit interpretational level - for OCPD. CT of OCPD might need a slightly different approach...
  11. doi Taxometric evidence for the dimensional structure of cluster-C, paranoid, and borderline personality disorders
    Arnoud Arntz
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, University of Maastricht, NL 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Pers Disord 23:606-28. 2009
    ..23, SD = .09. Only two analyses yielded ambiguous evidence (CCFI in the .40-.60 range) and none indicated taxonic structure...
  12. doi General practitioners' treatment orientations towards low back pain: influence on treatment behaviour and patient outcome
    Judith M Sieben
    Department of Anatomy and Embryology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Eur J Pain 13:412-8. 2009
    ..Patients' LBP beliefs and attitudes were found to predict long-term outcome, and recently it has been suggested that the health care providers' ideas about LBP are also important predictors of treatment behaviour and outcome...
  13. doi Minor and major depression in the general population: does dysfunctional thinking play a role?
    L Esther de Graaf
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Compr Psychiatry 51:266-74. 2010
    ..Especially, research on the form of dysfunctional thinking (ie, extreme responding) is lacking. We have addressed these issues by reporting results from a large community sample...
  14. ncbi Effectiveness of treatment of childhood memories in cognitive therapy for personality disorders: a controlled study contrasting methods focusing on the present and methods focusing on childhood memories
    Anoek Weertman
    Department of Medical, Clinical, and Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 45:2133-43. 2007
    ..Total effects of the package were large and were maintained till one-year follow-up (d's 0.97-1.90). Experience of the therapist with CT for personality disorders was related to better outcome (d=0.73)...
  15. doi An empirical test of schema mode conceptualizations in personality disorders
    Jill Lobbestael
    Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 46:854-60. 2008
    ..Nevertheless, the high number of correlations found for some PDs raises concerns about the specificity of the mode model. Implications for both research and therapy are discussed...
  16. ncbi An experimental test of the schema mode model of borderline personality disorder
    Arnoud Arntz
    Department of Medical, Clinical and Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, NL 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 36:226-39. 2005
    ..BPD patients were lowest on the Healthy Adult mode. The stress induction induced negative emotions in all groups, but the BPD group was unique in that the Detached Protector mode increased significantly more than in both control groups...
  17. doi Development and psychometric evaluation of a new assessment method for childhood maltreatment experiences: the interview for traumatic events in childhood (ITEC)
    Jill Lobbestael
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Child Abuse Negl 33:505-17. 2009
    ..The ITEC aims to yield dimensional scores for severity of experiences of different childhood maltreatment dimensions...
  18. doi Extended Schema Mode conceptualizations for specific personality disorders: an empirical study
    Lotte L M Bamelis
    Maastricht University, Department of Clinical Psychological Science, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Pers Disord 25:41-58. 2011
    ..The results support recent theoretical developments in Schema Therapy, and are useful for application in clinical practice...
  19. doi Theory of mind in borderline and cluster-C personality disorder
    Arnoud Arntz
    Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, NL 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Nerv Ment Dis 197:801-7. 2009
    ..All tests correlated similarly with intelligence in the 3 groups. These findings do not support the hypothesis that BPD patients have inferior theory of mind capacities...
  20. ncbi Hypervigilance in patients with borderline personality disorder: specificity, automaticity, and predictors
    Simkje Sieswerda
    Department of Medical, Clinical, and Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 45:1011-24. 2007
    ..Both BPD and axis I disorder patients showed a trend for a bias for negative schema-related subliminal stimuli. More attention to hypervigilance in BPD is recommended for clinical practice...
  21. ncbi Short-interval test-retest interrater reliability of the Dutch version of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV personality disorders (SCID-II)
    Anoek Weertman
    Department of Medical, Clinical, and Experimental Psychology, University of Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Pers Disord 17:562-7. 2003
    ..Values for single criteria were variable, ranging from poor to good agreement. Further large-scale test-retest research is needed to test the interrater reliability of more categorical diagnoses and single traits...
  22. doi Performance measurement in mental health care: present situation and future possibilities
    Irma J Baars
    School for Public Health and Primary Care CAPHRI, Maastricht University Medical Centre, The Netherlands
    Int J Health Plann Manage 25:198-214. 2010
    ..Additionally, a model that provides an understanding of the use of information gained by performance measurement is given...
  23. ncbi World assumptions and the role of trauma in borderline personality disorder
    Josephine Giesen-Bloo
    Maastricht University Hospital, The Netherlands
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 36:197-208. 2005
    ..Pretzer's theory of BPD can be largely supported through Janoff-Bulman's world assumptive model. World assumptions of BPD patients can better be explained by the severity of BPD psychopathology than by the presence of trauma...
  24. ncbi Pain patients in a randomized trial did not show a significant effect of a positive consultation
    Paul Knipschild
    Department of General Practice, Maastricht University, Postbox 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Clin Epidemiol 58:708-13. 2005
    ..To examine whether telling symptomatic patients that they will soon be better shortens the duration of their illness...
  25. ncbi Evaluations of emotional noninterpersonal situations by patients with borderline personality disorder
    Simkje Sieswerda
    Department of Medical, Clinical and Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 36:209-25. 2005
    ..Patients with BPD appeared to be characterized best by a general negative evaluative style, more than by DT or splitting. ASPD participants showed a positivity bias in both conditions...
  26. ncbi Emotional memory is perceptual
    Arnoud Arntz
    Department of Medical, Clinical and Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, NL 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 36:19-34. 2005
    ..This might be related to the prominent position of perceptual memories in traumatic memory, manifest in intrusions, nightmares and reliving experiences...
  27. ncbi Beliefs in personality disorders: a test with the personality disorder belief questionnaire
    Arnoud Arntz
    Department of Medical, Clinical and Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, NL 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 42:1215-25. 2004
    ..Another explanation is that many patients' position on the underlying dimensions is not high enough to lead to a DSM PD diagnosis, but high enough to lead to an elevated belief score...
  28. ncbi The meaning of pain influences its experienced intensity
    Arnoud Arntz
    Department of Medical, Clinical and Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, NL 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Pain 109:20-5. 2004
    ..Damage interpretations mediated the effect of information on pain intensity scores, which supported the theory that tissue-damage is a crucial aspect of meaning to influence the subjective intensity of pain...
  29. ncbi Reliability and validity of the borderline personality disorder severity index
    Arnoud Arntz
    Department of Medical, Clinical and Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    J Pers Disord 17:45-59. 2003
    ..97; Cronbach's alpha = 0.93), and validity indices were good. Clinical norms were also derived. In a sample of 28 BPD patients, the instrument detected improvement during 6 months of psychotherapy...
  30. ncbi A longitudinal study of "intrusion-based reasoning" and posttraumatic stress disorder after exposure to a train disaster
    Iris M Engelhard
    Department of Medical, Clinical, and Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 40:1415-24. 2002
    ..26, p=0.09) was in the expected direction. The data suggest that IR is involved in the onset and maintenance of PTSD symptoms, but more clarity about causality awaits future larger and experimental studies...
  31. ncbi Traumatic events in a general practice population: the patient's perspective
    Saskia S L Mol
    Department of General Practice, Maastricht University, Post Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Fam Pract 19:390-6. 2002
    ..Events studied were serious accidents, burglary, robbery, physical and sexual abuse, disasters and war...
  32. ncbi No evidence for overgeneral memories in borderline personality disorder
    Arnoud Arntz
    Department of Medical, Clinical and Experimental Psychology, University of Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 40:1063-8. 2002
    ..Borderline personality disorder, anxiety disorders and childhood traumas were not related to number of specific memories...
  33. ncbi Responsibility and obsessive-compulsive disorder: an experimental test
    Arnoud Arntz
    Department of Medical, Clinical and Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, NL 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 45:425-35. 2007
    ..The results confirm the hypothesis that responsibility plays a causal role in OCD...
  34. ncbi Cognitive therapy versus interoceptive exposure as treatment of panic disorder without agoraphobia
    Arnoud Arntz
    Department of Medical, Clinical and Experimental Psychology, University of Maastricht, MD, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 40:325-41. 2002
    ..Reduction of beliefs may be essential in CT, but not in IE. This suggests that the two treatments utilize different change mechanisms...
  35. ncbi On the measurement of rumination: a psychometric evaluation of the ruminative response scale and the rumination on sadness scale in undergraduates
    Jeffrey Roelofs
    Department of Medical, Clinical, and Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 37:299-313. 2006
    ..More specifically, baseline depression was a strong predictor of future depression but this was particularly true for high ruminating individuals. Implications of the results and directions for future research are provided...
  36. doi The responsiveness of quality of life utilities to change in depression: a comparison of instruments (SF-6D, EQ-5D, and DFD)
    Sylvia A H Gerhards
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Faculty of Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Value Health 14:732-9. 2011
    ..Utilities are often a main outcome parameter in economic evaluations. Because depression has a large influence on quality of life, it is expected that utilities are responsive to changes in depression...
  37. doi Does the weather make us sad? Meteorological determinants of mood and depression in the general population
    Marcus J H Huibers
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Psychiatry Res 180:143-6. 2010
    ..We conclude that, contrary to popular belief, weather conditions and sad mood or depression do not seem to be associated. Future studies might use daily measures of well-being as outcome...
  38. ncbi On the links between self-discrepancies, rumination, metacognitions, and symptoms of depression in undergraduates
    Jeffrey Roelofs
    Department of Medical, Clinical, and Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 45:1295-305. 2007
    ..Clinical implications of the findings, including implementation of a metacognitive-focused cognitive therapy of depression, and suggestions for future research are discussed...
  39. doi Inter-rater reliability of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders (SCID I) and Axis II Disorders (SCID II)
    Jill Lobbestael
    Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Clin Psychol Psychother 18:75-9. 2011
    ..Results revealed moderate to excellent inter-rater agreement of the Axis I disorders, while most categorically and dimensionally measured personality disorders showed excellent inter-rater agreement...
  40. ncbi Treatment of PTSD: a comparison of imaginal exposure with and without imagery rescripting
    Arnoud Arntz
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, University of Maastricht, PO Box 616, NL 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 38:345-70. 2007
    ..Results suggest that the addition of rescripting to IE makes the treatment more acceptable for both patients and therapists, and leads to better effects on non-fear problems like anger and guilt...
  41. doi Psychosocial predictors of chronic Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Sri Lankan tsunami survivors
    Miriam J J Lommen
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 47:60-5. 2009
    ....
  42. ncbi Peritraumatic dissociation and posttraumatic stress after pregnancy loss: a prospective study
    Iris M Engelhard
    Department of Medical, Clinical and Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 41:67-78. 2003
    ..It also predicted chronic PTSD symptoms, and this relation was mediated by acute PTSD symptoms...
  43. ncbi Symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder after non-traumatic events: evidence from an open population study
    Saskia S L Mol
    Department of General Practice, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Br J Psychiatry 186:494-9. 2005
    ..Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is the only psychiatric condition that requires a specific event to have occurred for its diagnosis...
  44. ncbi Dependent personality traits and information processing: assessing the interpretation of ambiguous information using the Thematic Apperception Test
    Anoek Weertman
    Department of Medical, Clinical, and Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Br J Clin Psychol 45:273-8. 2006
    ..This study was designed to investigate interpretation bias in people with dependent personality traits...
  45. doi Adding imagery rescripting during extinction leads to less ABA renewal
    Pauline Dibbets
    Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 43:614-24. 2012
    ..The present study investigated whether US devaluation, through imagery rescripting during extinction, resulted in less renewal than mere extinction...
  46. ncbi A longitudinal study on the predictive validity of the fear-avoidance model in low back pain
    Judith M Sieben
    Department of General Practice, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Pain 117:162-70. 2005
    ..Our results do not really support the longitudinal validity of the fear-avoidance model, but they do feed the discussion on the role of pain-related fear in early stages of LBP...
  47. ncbi Schema modes and childhood abuse in borderline and antisocial personality disorders
    Jill Lobbestael
    Department of Medical, Clinical and Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 36:240-53. 2005
    ..The Healthy Adult mode was of low presence in BPD and of high presence in APD and the nonpatients. Frequency and severity of the three kinds of abuse were equally high in both PD groups, and significantly higher than in nonpatients...
  48. doi All we need is a cue to remember: the effect of an extinction cue on renewal
    Pauline Dibbets
    Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 46:1070-7. 2008
    ..This safety signal function was not observed after a switch in context. Possible functions of the extinction cue and its application in extinction-based exposure treatments are discussed...
  49. ncbi Low specificity of symptoms on the post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom scale: a comparison of individuals with PTSD, individuals with other anxiety disorders and individuals without psychopathology
    Iris M Engelhard
    Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Br J Clin Psychol 46:449-56. 2007
    ..Concerns have been raised about the specificity of PTSD symptoms assessed by questionnaires. This study examined whether the PSS distinguishes between patients with PTSD and those with other anxiety disorders or healthy controls...
  50. ncbi Influences of beliefs and personality disorders on treatment outcome in anxiety patients
    Anoek Weertman
    Department of Medical, Clinical, and Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, Netherlands
    J Consult Clin Psychol 73:936-44. 2005
    ..Dropout rates were not influenced by the presence of 1 or more PDs or PD-related beliefs. Results indicate that treatment of anxiety disorders in patients with concomitant one or more PDs is appropriate...
  51. doi Out-patient psychotherapy for borderline personality disorder: cost-effectiveness of schema-focused therapy v. transference-focused psychotherapy
    Antoinette D I van Asselt
    University Hospital Maastricht, Department KEMTA, PO Box 5800, 6202 AZ Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Br J Psychiatry 192:450-7. 2008
    ..Schema-focused therapy (SFT) and transference-focused psychotherapy (TFP) for borderline personality disorder were recently compared in a randomised multicentre trial...
  52. ncbi Perceptual and conceptual processing as predictors of treatment outcome in PTSD
    Merel Kindt
    Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, University of Amsterdam, Roetersstraat 15, 1018 WB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 38:491-506. 2007
    ..The results suggest that imaginal reliving during CBT is not crucial for symptom reduction, but it may promote conceptual processing, which in itself predicts a better treatment outcome...
  53. doi Can assessors and therapists predict the outcome of long-term psychotherapy in borderline personality disorder?
    Philip Spinhoven
    Department of Psychology and Psychiatry, Leiden University, Wassenaarseweg 52, 2333 AK Leiden, The Netherlands
    J Clin Psychol 64:667-86. 2008
    ..Identifying prognostic markers of treatment outcome as used by clinicians in their prognostic assessments may improve current prediction models and patient-treatment matching...
  54. ncbi The fallacy of ex-consequentia reasoning and the persistence of PTSD
    Iris M Engelhard
    Clinical Psychology, Utrecht University, P O Box 80140, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 36:35-42. 2005
    ..Tentative data suggest that ex-consequentia reasoning is causally involved in the persistence of PTSD and anxiety disorders. These are presented and possible underlying mechanisms are discussed...
  55. ncbi The effects of failing to control pain: an experimental investigation
    Sabine A Janssen
    Section of Clinical and Health Psychology and Department of Psychiatry, University of Leiden, P O Box 9555, 2300 RB, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Pain 107:227-33. 2004
    ..It is concluded that persistent efforts to control pain in the face of failure may lead to the maintenance or exacerbation of physiological and emotional responses...
  56. ncbi Outpatient psychotherapy for borderline personality disorder: randomized trial of schema-focused therapy vs transference-focused psychotherapy
    Josephine Giesen-Bloo
    Department of Medical Psychology, Academic Hospital Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 63:649-58. 2006
    ..Borderline personality disorder is a severe and chronic psychiatric condition, prevalent throughout health care settings. Only limited effects of current treatments have been documented...
  57. ncbi The context of a noxious stimulus affects the pain it evokes
    G Lorimer Moseley
    Department of Physiology, Anatomy and Genetics and fMRIB Centre, Le Gros Clark Building, Oxford University, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3QX, United Kingdom
    Pain 133:64-71. 2007
    ..Different dimensions of the stimulus' context can have differential effects on sensory-discriminative and affective-emotional components of pain...
  58. ncbi The therapeutic alliance in schema-focused therapy and transference-focused psychotherapy for borderline personality disorder
    Philip Spinhoven
    Department of Psychology, Leiden University, Leiden, Netherlands
    J Consult Clin Psychol 75:104-15. 2007
    ....
  59. ncbi Imagery rescripting in cognitive behaviour therapy: images, treatment techniques and outcomes
    Emily A Holmes
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Warneford Hospital, Oxford OX3 7JX, UK
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 38:297-305. 2007
    ..A working definition of two types of imagery rescripting is provided, along with a heuristic framework for conceptualising the range of imagery techniques in cognitive therapy...
  60. ncbi Introduction to special issue: cognition and emotion in borderline personality disorder
    Arnoud Arntz
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 36:167-72. 2005
  61. ncbi Deployment-related stress and trauma in Dutch soldiers returning from Iraq. Prospective study
    Iris M Engelhard
    Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University, PO Box 80140, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Br J Psychiatry 191:140-5. 2007
    ..Some questionnaire studies have shown increased mental health problems, including probable post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), in soldiers deployed to Iraq...