Edith Holsboer-Trachsler

Summary

Affiliation: Psychiatric University Clinics
Country: Switzerland

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Effects of pregabalin on sleep in generalized anxiety disorder
    Edith Holsboer-Trachsler
    Psychiatric University Clinics of the University of Basel, Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders, Basel, Switzerland
    Int J Neuropsychopharmacol 16:925-36. 2013
  2. pmc The Farsi version of the Hypomania Check-List 32 (HCL-32): applicability and indication of a four-factorial solution
    Mohammad Haghighi
    Research Center for Behavioural Disorders and Substance Abuse of Hamadan University of medical sciences, Hamadan, Islamic Republic of Iran
    BMC Psychiatry 11:14. 2011
  3. doi request reprint [Pharmacotherapy of depression in primary care--an update]
    Edith Holsboer-Trachsler
    Abt für Depressionsforschung, Schlafmedizin und Neurophysiologie, Universitäre Psychiatrische Kliniken Basel
    Ther Umsch 66:407-11. 2009
  4. doi request reprint Visually detected NREM Stage 2 sleep spindles in kindergarten children are associated with current and future emotional and behavioural characteristics
    Thorsten Mikoteit
    Depression and Sleep Research Unit, Psychiatric Hospital of the University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    J Sleep Res 22:129-36. 2013
  5. doi request reprint Adolescents with greater mental toughness show higher sleep efficiency, more deep sleep and fewer awakenings after sleep onset
    Serge Brand
    Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders, Psychiatric Hospital of the University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland Electronic address
    J Adolesc Health 54:109-13. 2014
  6. doi request reprint The relation of objective sleep patterns, depressive symptoms, and sleep disturbances in adolescent children and their parents: a sleep-EEG study with 47 families
    Nadeem Kalak
    Psychiatric Hospital of the University of Basel, Centre for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders, CH 4012 Basel, Switzerland
    J Psychiatr Res 46:1374-82. 2012
  7. doi request reprint Are adolescents with high mental toughness levels more resilient against stress?
    Markus Gerber
    Institute of Exercise and Health Sciences, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Stress Health 29:164-71. 2013
  8. doi request reprint Exercising, sleep-EEG patterns, and psychological functioning are related among adolescents
    Serge Brand
    Depression and Sleep Research Unit, Psychiatric Hospital of the University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    World J Biol Psychiatry 11:129-40. 2010
  9. doi request reprint Daily morning running for 3 weeks improved sleep and psychological functioning in healthy adolescents compared with controls
    Nadeem Kalak
    Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders, Psychiatric Hospital of the University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    J Adolesc Health 51:615-22. 2012
  10. doi request reprint Sleep quality and the risk of work injury: a Swiss case-control study
    Katrin Uehli
    Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland Swiss National Accident Insurance Fund Suva, Luzern, Switzerland
    J Sleep Res 23:545-53. 2014

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications49

  1. doi request reprint Effects of pregabalin on sleep in generalized anxiety disorder
    Edith Holsboer-Trachsler
    Psychiatric University Clinics of the University of Basel, Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders, Basel, Switzerland
    Int J Neuropsychopharmacol 16:925-36. 2013
    ..Insomnia is a common component of the clinical presentation of GAD and pregabalin appears to be an efficacious treatment for this often chronic and disabling symptom...
  2. pmc The Farsi version of the Hypomania Check-List 32 (HCL-32): applicability and indication of a four-factorial solution
    Mohammad Haghighi
    Research Center for Behavioural Disorders and Substance Abuse of Hamadan University of medical sciences, Hamadan, Islamic Republic of Iran
    BMC Psychiatry 11:14. 2011
    ..Data from the Iranian population for hypomania core symptom clusters are lacking. The aim of the present study was therefore to apply the Farsi version of the Hypomania-Check-List 32 (HCL-32), and to explore its factorial structure...
  3. doi request reprint [Pharmacotherapy of depression in primary care--an update]
    Edith Holsboer-Trachsler
    Abt für Depressionsforschung, Schlafmedizin und Neurophysiologie, Universitäre Psychiatrische Kliniken Basel
    Ther Umsch 66:407-11. 2009
    ..Most patients need a long-term treatment with the same dose of the antidepressants with which remission was achieved in the acute and continuation phase...
  4. doi request reprint Visually detected NREM Stage 2 sleep spindles in kindergarten children are associated with current and future emotional and behavioural characteristics
    Thorsten Mikoteit
    Depression and Sleep Research Unit, Psychiatric Hospital of the University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    J Sleep Res 22:129-36. 2013
    ..However, gender differences were also found, as should be taken into account in future studies...
  5. doi request reprint Adolescents with greater mental toughness show higher sleep efficiency, more deep sleep and fewer awakenings after sleep onset
    Serge Brand
    Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders, Psychiatric Hospital of the University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland Electronic address
    J Adolesc Health 54:109-13. 2014
    ..However, research has not yet focused on the relation between MT and objective sleep. The aim of the present study was therefore to explore the extent to which greater MT is associated with objectively assessed sleep among adolescents...
  6. doi request reprint The relation of objective sleep patterns, depressive symptoms, and sleep disturbances in adolescent children and their parents: a sleep-EEG study with 47 families
    Nadeem Kalak
    Psychiatric Hospital of the University of Basel, Centre for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders, CH 4012 Basel, Switzerland
    J Psychiatr Res 46:1374-82. 2012
    ..The aim of the present study was therefore to investigate the relationship between the sleep patterns of adolescents and those of their parents using objective assessment of sleep...
  7. doi request reprint Are adolescents with high mental toughness levels more resilient against stress?
    Markus Gerber
    Institute of Exercise and Health Sciences, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Stress Health 29:164-71. 2013
    ..Because mental toughness is part of young people's daily speech, it may serve as a less academic resource than other health psychology concepts...
  8. doi request reprint Exercising, sleep-EEG patterns, and psychological functioning are related among adolescents
    Serge Brand
    Depression and Sleep Research Unit, Psychiatric Hospital of the University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    World J Biol Psychiatry 11:129-40. 2010
    ..However, research on this in non-elite athletes is limited. The aim of the present study was to compare sleep-EEG patterns of higher leisure time exercisers and controls...
  9. doi request reprint Daily morning running for 3 weeks improved sleep and psychological functioning in healthy adolescents compared with controls
    Nadeem Kalak
    Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders, Psychiatric Hospital of the University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    J Adolesc Health 51:615-22. 2012
    ..Although several studies have shown that regular moderate-to-vigorous exercise is related to favorable sleep and psychological functioning in adolescents, research on the effectiveness of short interventions is more limited...
  10. doi request reprint Sleep quality and the risk of work injury: a Swiss case-control study
    Katrin Uehli
    Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland Swiss National Accident Insurance Fund Suva, Luzern, Switzerland
    J Sleep Res 23:545-53. 2014
    ..05). Prior work injury frequency increased with decreasing sleep quality (P < 0.05). Older age, short sleep duration and long working hours may enhance the risk of work injuries associated with sleep quality...
  11. doi request reprint Visually detected NREM Stage 2 sleep spindles in kindergarten children are associated with stress challenge and coping strategies
    Thorsten Mikoteit
    Psychiatric Hospital of the University of Basel, Psychiatric Out Patient Clinic, Basel, Switzerland
    World J Biol Psychiatry 13:259-68. 2012
    ..The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship of spindle activity to psychosocial stress response and coping strategies in healthy kindergarten children...
  12. doi request reprint Dream recall and its relationship to sleep, perceived stress, and creativity among adolescents
    Serge Brand
    Depression and Sleep Research Unit, Psychiatric Hospital of the University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    J Adolesc Health 49:525-31. 2011
    ..In addition, there is some evidence that dream recall is associated with personality traits such as creativity. For adolescents, comparable data from larger samples are missing to date...
  13. doi request reprint Evidence for similarities between adolescents and parents in sleep patterns
    Serge Brand
    Psychiatric Hospital of the University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Sleep Med 10:1124-31. 2009
    ..This was the aim of the present study, together with exploration of the possible influence of parenting style on adolescents' sleep...
  14. pmc The Origins of Mental Toughness - Prosocial Behavior and Low Internalizing and Externalizing Problems at Age 5 Predict Higher Mental Toughness Scores at Age 14
    Dena Sadeghi Bahmani
    Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders, Psychiatric Clinics of the University of Basel Basel, Switzerland
    Front Psychol 7:1221. 2016
    ....
  15. pmc Mental toughness, sleep disturbances, and physical activity in patients with multiple sclerosis compared to healthy adolescents and young adults
    Dena Sadeghi Bahmani
    Psychiatric Clinics of the University of Basel, Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders
    Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 12:1571-9. 2016
    ....
  16. doi request reprint Objectively assessed physical activity is associated with increased hair cortisol content in young adults
    Markus Gerber
    Institute of Exercise and Health Sciences, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Stress 16:593-9. 2013
    ..As VPA can be regarded as a physical stressor, it seems imperative that researchers consider participants' levels of VPA if they examine the relationship between stress exposure, hair cortisol and health...
  17. pmc The current state of physical activity and exercise programs in German-speaking, Swiss psychiatric hospitals: results from a brief online survey
    Serge Brand
    Psychiatric Clinics of the University of Basel, Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders, Basel, Switzerland Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, Sport Science Section, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 12:1309-17. 2016
    ....
  18. pmc Validation of the German version of the insomnia severity index in adolescents, young adults and adult workers: results from three cross-sectional studies
    Markus Gerber
    Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, University of Basel, St Jakobsturm, Birsstrasse 320B, 4052, Basel, Switzerland
    BMC Psychiatry 16:174. 2016
    ..Surprisingly, the psychometric properties of the German version have not been evaluated, although the ISI is often used with German-speaking populations...
  19. pmc Neuroendocrine regulation and metabolism of glucose and lipids in primary chronic insomnia: a prospective case-control study
    Eleonora Seelig
    Endocrinology, Diabetology and Metabolism, University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    PLoS ONE 8:e61780. 2013
    ..To investigate the relation between primary chronic insomnia and insulin sensitivity, visceral adiposity, non alcoholic fatty liver disease and neuroendocrine hormones...
  20. doi request reprint 'Football is good for your sleep': favorable sleep patterns and psychological functioning of adolescent male intense football players compared to controls
    Serge Brand
    Psychiatric Hospital of the University of Basel, Depression and Sleep Research Unit, Basel, Switzerland
    J Health Psychol 14:1144-55. 2009
    ..The findings suggest that football sports activity is positively associated with both quantitative and qualitative dimensions of sleep...
  21. doi request reprint Salivary and hair glucocorticoids and sleep in very preterm children during school age
    Natalie Maurer
    University of Basel, Department of Psychology, Basel, Switzerland
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 72:166-74. 2016
    ..In conclusion, this study provides evidence for a possible down-regulation of the HPA axis activity and slightly earlier sleep phase in very preterm children during school age. ..
  22. ncbi request reprint During early to mid adolescence, moderate to vigorous physical activity is associated with restoring sleep, psychological functioning, mental toughness and male gender
    Serge Brand
    a Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorder, Psychiatric Clinics of the University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    J Sports Sci . 2016
    ..Accordingly, if PA has a favourable impact on sleep and psychological functioning, then data suggest that sports participation should be more tailored to increase motivation among female adolescents...
  23. doi request reprint Poor Sleep Is Related to Lower Emotional Competence Among Adolescents
    Serge Brand
    a Center for Affective, Stress, and Sleep Disorders, Psychiatric Clinics of the University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Behav Sleep Med 14:602-14. 2016
    ..Poor sleep as subjectively experienced among adolescents is associated with specific impairments in emotional competence and empathy. Gender-related patterns were also observed. ..
  24. doi request reprint Fast BDNF serum level increase and diurnal BDNF oscillations are associated with therapeutic response after partial sleep deprivation
    Maria Giese
    Neurobiology Laboratory for Brain Aging and Mental Health, Psychiatric Clinics of the University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland Transfacultary Research Platform, Molecular and Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    J Psychiatr Res 59:1-7. 2014
    ..However, the underlying molecular mechanisms of SD are not well understood; especially possible mechanisms explaining the rapid, but transient antidepressant effect of SD are unknown...
  25. pmc The interplay of stress and sleep impacts BDNF level
    Maria Giese
    Neurobiology Laboratory for Brain Aging and Mental Health, Psychiatric University Clinics, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland Transfaculty Research Platform, Molecular and Cognitive Neuroscience, Univ of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    PLoS ONE 8:e76050. 2013
    ..In accordance with the paradigm indicating a link between sleep and BDNF, we aimed to investigate if the stress system influences the association between sleep and BDNF...
  26. doi request reprint High self-perceived exercise exertion before bedtime is associated with greater objectively assessed sleep efficiency
    Serge Brand
    Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders ZASS, Psychiatric Hospital of the University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, Section of Sport Science, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland Electronic address
    Sleep Med 15:1031-6. 2014
    ..To assess the association between self-perceived exercise exertion before bedtime and objectively measured sleep...
  27. doi request reprint Does objectively assessed sleep at five years predict sleep and psychological functioning at 14 years? - Hmm, yes and no!
    Serge Brand
    Psychiatric Clinics of the University of Basel, Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders, Basel, Switzerland Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Science Section, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland Electronic address
    J Psychiatr Res 60:148-55. 2015
    ..We tested the hypothesis that objectively assessed sleep at kindergarten level predicts sleep and psychological functioning in adolescence...
  28. doi request reprint Both hair cortisol levels and perceived stress predict increased symptoms of depression: an exploratory study in young adults
    Markus Gerber
    Institute of Exercise and Health Sciences, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Neuropsychobiology 68:100-9. 2013
    ....
  29. pmc Aerobic exercise training and burnout: a pilot study with male participants suffering from burnout
    Markus Gerber
    Institute of Exercise and Health Sciences, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    BMC Res Notes 6:78. 2013
    ..Therefore, the main purpose of this study was to pilot-test the potential outcomes of a 12-week exercise training to generate hypotheses for future larger scale studies...
  30. doi request reprint Unfavorable polysomnographic sleep patterns predict poor sleep and poor psychological functioning 3 years later in patients with restless legs syndrome
    Serge Brand
    Psychiatric Hospital of the University of Basel, Depression Research Unit, Basel, Switzerland
    Neuropsychobiology 63:92-102. 2011
    ..The aim of the present study was thus to evaluate sleep and psychological functioning at a 3-year follow-up and based on polysomnographic measurements...
  31. doi request reprint Sleep Quality, Sleep EEG Pattern, Mental Well-Being and Cortisol Secretion in Patients with Ruptured Aneurysm Post-Treatment: A Comparison with Post-Surgery Meningioma Patients and Controls
    Markus Gerber
    Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland
    Neuropsychobiology 73:148-59. 2016
    ..Furthermore, there is little evidence as to whether post-ictal complaints differ between aSAH patients and other groups who have experienced stressful medical intervention...
  32. doi request reprint The relationship between meeting vigorous physical activity recommendations and burnout symptoms among adolescents: an exploratory study with vocational students
    Catherine Elliot
    Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    J Sport Exerc Psychol 37:180-92. 2015
    ..Health policy makers should develop strategies to integrate more VPA into the lives of adolescent students so as to reach a minimum of 60 min per week. ..
  33. doi request reprint High baseline BDNF serum levels and early psychopathological improvement are predictive of treatment outcome in major depression
    Thorsten Mikoteit
    Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders ZASS, Psychiatric Clinics of the University of Basel, Wilhelm Klein Strasse 27, 4012, Basel, Switzerland
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 231:2955-65. 2014
    ..Although sBDNF levels tend to normalize following psychopathological improvement with antidepressant treatment, it is unclear how closely sBDNF changes are associated with treatment outcome...
  34. doi request reprint Compared to controls, patients with ruptured aneurysm and surgical intervention show increase in symptoms of depression and lower cognitive performance, but their objective sleep is not affected
    Serge Brand
    Psychiatric Clinics of the University of Basel, Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders, Basel, Switzerland
    World J Biol Psychiatry 16:96-105. 2015
    ....
  35. ncbi request reprint Romantic love, hypomania, and sleep pattern in adolescents
    Serge Brand
    Psychiatric University Clinics Basel, Depression Research Unit, Basel, Switzerland
    J Adolesc Health 41:69-76. 2007
    ..The stage is comparable to a hypomanic-like state. However, no research has addressed this issue. Furthermore, no data are available with respect to sleep and sleep-related dimensions such as mood...
  36. doi request reprint Intensive two-day cognitive-behavioral intervention decreases cortisol secretion in soldiers suffering from specific phobia to wear protective mask
    Serge Brand
    Psychiatric Hospital of the University of Basel, Depression and Sleep Research Unit, Basel, Switzerland
    J Psychiatr Res 45:1337-45. 2011
    ....
  37. doi request reprint Evidence of favorable sleep-EEG patterns in adolescent male vigorous football players compared to controls
    Serge Brand
    Depression and Sleep Research Unit, Psychiatric Hospital of the University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    World J Biol Psychiatry 11:465-75. 2010
    ..Findings suggest that for the football players, vigorous exercise seemed to lead to longer-lasting electrophysiological change in brain activity irrespective of acute bouts of exercise...
  38. doi request reprint Acute effects of moderate aerobic exercise on specific aspects of executive function in different age and fitness groups: A meta-analysis
    Sebastian Ludyga
    Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, Sport Science Section, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Psychophysiology 53:1611-1626. 2016
    ..Therefore, preadolescent children and older adults in particular might strategically use a single aerobic exercise session to prepare for a situation demanding high executive control...
  39. doi request reprint "Tell me, how bright your hypomania is, and I tell you, if you are happily in love!"--among young adults in love, bright side hypomania is related to reduced depression and anxiety, and better sleep quality
    Serge Brand
    Center for Affective, Stress, and Sleep Disorders, Psychiatric Clinics of the University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Int J Psychiatry Clin Pract 19:24-31. 2015
    ..The aim of the present study was, therefore, to explore the associations between RL, symptoms of depression, anxiety, hypomania (bright side and dark side), and sleep in a sample of adults...
  40. doi request reprint Associations between infants' crying, sleep and cortisol secretion and mother's sleep and well-being
    Serge Brand
    Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders, Psychiatric Clinics of the University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Neuropsychobiology 69:39-51. 2014
    ..The aim of the present study was therefore to examine the link between cortisol secretion, crying and sleep of infants characterized by infantile colic (IC) and mothers' psychological well-being and own sleep...
  41. doi request reprint Is the increase of hypomanic stages during adolescence related to gender and developmental tasks?
    Serge Brand
    Psychiatric Hospital of the University of Basel, Depression Research Unit, Wilhelm Klein Strasse 27, Basel, Switzerland
    World J Biol Psychiatry 11:594-602. 2010
    ....
  42. doi request reprint Patients suffering from restless legs syndrome have low internal locus of control and poor psychological functioning compared to healthy controls
    Serge Brand
    Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders, Psychiatric Hospital, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Neuropsychobiology 68:51-8. 2013
    ..The aim of the present study was to assess RLS patients with respect to locus of control, sleep-related personality traits, quality of life, and sleep as compared to healthy controls...
  43. doi request reprint Intraindividual long-term stability of sleep electroencephalography in school-aged children
    Nadine Perkinson-Gloor
    Department of Psychology, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Sleep Med 16:1348-51. 2015
    ..To examine the long-term stability of sleep duration, sleep continuity, and sleep architecture assessed via unattended home sleep electroencephalography (EEG) during middle childhood...
  44. doi request reprint 'Oh, baby, please don't cry!': in infants suffering from infantile colic hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis activity is related to poor sleep and increased crying intensity
    Serge Brand
    Depression Research Unit, Psychiatric Hospital of the University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Neuropsychobiology 64:15-23. 2011
    ..Little is known about hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis activity and sleep in relation to infants' crying. The aim of the present study was to assess cortisol secretion in infants in relation to their sleep and crying patterns...
  45. doi request reprint Exercising Impacts on Fatigue, Depression, and Paresthesia in Female Patients with Multiple Sclerosis
    Nazanin Razazian
    1Neurology Department, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, IRAN 2Substance Abuse Prevention Research Center, Psychiatry Department, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, IRAN 3Education Department, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, IRAN 4Kashani Hospital, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, IRAN 5Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders, Psychiatric Clinics of the University of Basel, Basel, SWITZERLAND 6Department of Sport, Exercise and Health Science, Sport Science Section, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 48:796-803. 2016
    ....
  46. doi request reprint Dissociation in Rating Negative Facial Emotions between Behavioral Variant Frontotemporal Dementia and Major Depressive Disorder
    Isabelle Chiu
    Memory Clinic, Felix Platter Hospital, University Center for Medicine of Aging Basel, Basel, Switzerland Department of Neurology, University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 24:1017-1027. 2016
    ..As such, emotion processing paradigms have substantial potentials to distinguish bvFTD from MDD...
  47. doi request reprint BDNF in sleep, insomnia, and sleep deprivation
    Karen Schmitt
    a Neurobiology Lab for Brain Aging and Mental Health, Transfaculty Research Platform, Molecular and Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Ann Med 48:42-51. 2016
    ..The interplay of stress and sleep impacts on BDNF level. Partial sleep deprivation (PSD) shows a fast action on BDNF level increase. ..
  48. doi request reprint Sleep problems and work injury types: a study of 180 patients in a Swiss emergency department
    Katrin Uehli
    Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland
    Swiss Med Wkly 143:w13902. 2013
    ..Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify potential associations between different types of work injuries and sleep quality, sleep duration, and daytime sleepiness...
  49. doi request reprint Psychosocial functioning and sleep patterns in children and adolescents with cleft lip and palate (CLP) compared with healthy controls
    Serge Brand
    Psychiatric University Clinics, Sleep Medicine and Neurophysiology, Basel, Switzerland
    Cleft Palate Craniofac J 46:124-35. 2009
    ..It was hypothesized that participants with CLP would exhibit greater difficulties in psychological functioning, more interactional difficulties, and poorer sleep patterns than those without CLP...