Antoni Torres

Summary

Affiliation: Universitat de Barcelona
Country: Spain

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Treatment guidelines and outcomes of hospital-acquired and ventilator-associated pneumonia
    Antoni Torres
    Pneumology Department, Clinic Institute of Thorax, Hospital Clinic of Barcelona, Institut d Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer, University of Barcelona, CIBER de Enfermedades Respiratorias, Barcelona, Spain
    Clin Infect Dis 51:S48-53. 2010
  2. doi request reprint Defining, treating and preventing hospital acquired pneumonia: European perspective
    Antoni Torres
    Cap de Servei de Pneumologia i Al lèrgia Respiratòria Institut Clínic del Tòrax, Hospital Clinic de Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona IDIBAPS CIBERES 06 06 0028, C Villarroel, 170, 08036, Barcelona, Spain
    Intensive Care Med 35:9-29. 2009
  3. pmc Pharmacokinetics and Dosing of Ceftobiprole Medocaril for the Treatment of Hospital- and Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Different Patient Populations
    Antonio Torres
    Department of Pulmonology, Hospital Clinic of Barcelona, CibeRes, IDIBAPS, University of Barcelona, Villarroel 170, 08036, Barcelona, Spain
    Clin Pharmacokinet 55:1507-1520. 2016
  4. doi request reprint Severity and outcomes of hospitalised community-acquired pneumonia in COPD patients
    A Liapikou
    Intensive Care Unit, Evaggelismos Hospital, Athens, Greece
    Eur Respir J 39:855-61. 2012
  5. pmc Maintenance of tracheal tube cuff pressure: where are the limits?
    Miquel Ferrer
    Crit Care 12:106. 2008
  6. ncbi request reprint [Intermediate respiratory intensive care units: definitions and characteristics]
    A Torres
    Arch Bronconeumol 41:505-12. 2005
  7. ncbi request reprint Pneumonia severity index class v patients with community-acquired pneumonia: characteristics, outcomes, and value of severity scores
    Mauricio Valencia
    Servei de Pneumologia, ICT, Hospital Clinic de Barcelona, C Villarroel 170, Barcelona, Spain
    Chest 132:515-22. 2007
  8. doi request reprint Non-invasive ventilation after extubation in hypercapnic patients with chronic respiratory disorders: randomised controlled trial
    Miquel Ferrer
    Servei de Pneumologia, Institut Clinic del Torax, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Lancet 374:1082-8. 2009
  9. doi request reprint Validation of predictors of adverse outcomes in hospital-acquired pneumonia in the ICU
    Mariano Esperatti
    Servei de Pneumologia, Institut Clinic del Torax, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Crit Care Med 41:2151-61. 2013
  10. doi request reprint Validation of the American Thoracic Society-Infectious Diseases Society of America guidelines for hospital-acquired pneumonia in the intensive care unit
    Miquel Ferrer
    Servei de Pneumologia, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Clin Infect Dis 50:945-52. 2010

Detail Information

Publications120 found, 100 shown here

  1. doi request reprint Treatment guidelines and outcomes of hospital-acquired and ventilator-associated pneumonia
    Antoni Torres
    Pneumology Department, Clinic Institute of Thorax, Hospital Clinic of Barcelona, Institut d Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer, University of Barcelona, CIBER de Enfermedades Respiratorias, Barcelona, Spain
    Clin Infect Dis 51:S48-53. 2010
    ..More clinical studies to validate the influence of guidelines on outcome are warranted...
  2. doi request reprint Defining, treating and preventing hospital acquired pneumonia: European perspective
    Antoni Torres
    Cap de Servei de Pneumologia i Al lèrgia Respiratòria Institut Clínic del Tòrax, Hospital Clinic de Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona IDIBAPS CIBERES 06 06 0028, C Villarroel, 170, 08036, Barcelona, Spain
    Intensive Care Med 35:9-29. 2009
    ....
  3. pmc Pharmacokinetics and Dosing of Ceftobiprole Medocaril for the Treatment of Hospital- and Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Different Patient Populations
    Antonio Torres
    Department of Pulmonology, Hospital Clinic of Barcelona, CibeRes, IDIBAPS, University of Barcelona, Villarroel 170, 08036, Barcelona, Spain
    Clin Pharmacokinet 55:1507-1520. 2016
    ..Future studies of ceftobiprole in patients with HAP and CAP would be of interest...
  4. doi request reprint Severity and outcomes of hospitalised community-acquired pneumonia in COPD patients
    A Liapikou
    Intensive Care Unit, Evaggelismos Hospital, Athens, Greece
    Eur Respir J 39:855-61. 2012
    ..Despite worse clinical presentation, COPD patients had a similar mortality rate compared to non-COPD patients. Previous antibiotic treatment and the decreased incidence of pulmonary complications in COPD may account for these findings...
  5. pmc Maintenance of tracheal tube cuff pressure: where are the limits?
    Miquel Ferrer
    Crit Care 12:106. 2008
    ..The periodic hyperinflation of the tube cuff used in both groups of this study may explain these results. This manoeuvre should be avoided in clinical practice...
  6. ncbi request reprint [Intermediate respiratory intensive care units: definitions and characteristics]
    A Torres
    Arch Bronconeumol 41:505-12. 2005
  7. ncbi request reprint Pneumonia severity index class v patients with community-acquired pneumonia: characteristics, outcomes, and value of severity scores
    Mauricio Valencia
    Servei de Pneumologia, ICT, Hospital Clinic de Barcelona, C Villarroel 170, Barcelona, Spain
    Chest 132:515-22. 2007
    ..The aim of this study was to characterize CAP patients in PSI-V to determine the risk factors for ICU admission and mortality, and to assess the performance of CAP severity scores in this population...
  8. doi request reprint Non-invasive ventilation after extubation in hypercapnic patients with chronic respiratory disorders: randomised controlled trial
    Miquel Ferrer
    Servei de Pneumologia, Institut Clinic del Torax, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Lancet 374:1082-8. 2009
    ..We aimed to assess prospectively the effectiveness of non-invasive ventilation after extubation in patients with hypercapnia and as rescue therapy when respiratory failure develops...
  9. doi request reprint Validation of predictors of adverse outcomes in hospital-acquired pneumonia in the ICU
    Mariano Esperatti
    Servei de Pneumologia, Institut Clinic del Torax, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Crit Care Med 41:2151-61. 2013
    ..To validate a set of predictors of adverse outcomes in patients with ICU-acquired pneumonia in relation to clinically relevant assessment at 28 days...
  10. doi request reprint Validation of the American Thoracic Society-Infectious Diseases Society of America guidelines for hospital-acquired pneumonia in the intensive care unit
    Miquel Ferrer
    Servei de Pneumologia, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Clin Infect Dis 50:945-52. 2010
    ..We assessed the microbial prediction and validated the adequacy of these guidelines for antibiotic strategy...
  11. ncbi request reprint Association between systemic corticosteroids and outcomes of intensive care unit-acquired pneumonia
    Otavio Tavares Ranzani
    Servei de Pneumologia, Institut del Tòrax, Hospital Clinic, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Crit Care Med 40:2552-61. 2012
    ..We assessed patients' characteristics, microbial etiology, inflammatory response, and outcomes of previous corticosteroid use in patients with intensive care unit-acquired pneumonia...
  12. doi request reprint Predictors of adverse outcome in patients hospitalised for exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    Zinka Matkovic
    Institut d Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer, Hospital Clinic, CIBER de Enfermedades Respiratorias, Barcelona, Spain
    Respiration 84:17-26. 2012
    ..It is crucial to identify risk factors for poor evolution of patients admitted to hospital with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in order to provide adequate intensive therapy and closer follow-up...
  13. doi request reprint Systemic corticosteroids for community-acquired pneumonia: reasons for use and lack of benefit on outcome
    Eva Polverino
    Respiratory Disease Department, Hospital Clinic i Provincial de Barcelona, IDIBAPS, CIBER de Enfermedades Respiratorias, Barcelona, Spain
    Respirology 18:263-71. 2013
    ..We described the frequency of this practice, patients' characteristics and its clinical impact...
  14. ncbi request reprint Hospitalized community-acquired pneumonia due to Streptococcus pneumoniae: Has resistance to antibiotics decreased?
    Xavier Valles
    Institut Clinic de Pneumologia i Cirurgia Toracica, Hospital Clinic de Barcelona, Villarroel 170, 08036, Barcelona, Spain
    Chest 130:800-6. 2006
    ..Design and setting: We performed a prospective study of all well-defined pneumococcal CAP hospitalizations in the Hospital Clínic de Barcelona (Spain) over 2 years of follow-up, and results were compared with a previous study...
  15. ncbi request reprint Microbial airway colonization is associated with noninvasive ventilation failure in exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    Miquel Ferrer
    Servei de Pneumologia, Unitat de Cures Intensives I Intermèdies, Hospital Clinic, Institut d Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer IDIBAPS, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Crit Care Med 33:2003-9. 2005
    ..We hypothesized that patients undergoing NIV would have lower rates of colonization than patients undergoing IMV. The aim of the study was to assess the microbial airway colonization in patients with exacerbated COPD needing NIV and IMV...
  16. doi request reprint Microbial aetiology of healthcare associated pneumonia in Spain: a prospective, multicentre, case-control study
    Eva Polverino
    Servicio de Pneumologia, Hospital Clinic i Provincial de Barcelona, IDIBAPS, Barcelona, Spain
    Thorax 68:1007-14. 2013
    ..Therefore, current American Thoracic Society/Infectious Diseases Society of America guidelines suggest a nosocomial antibiotic treatment for HCAP. Unfortunately, the scientific evidence supporting this is contradictory...
  17. doi request reprint Influence of antipseudomonal agents on Pseudomonas aeruginosa colonization and acquisition of resistance in critically ill medical patients
    Jose A Martinez
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Intensive Care Med 35:439-47. 2009
    ..To assess the role of antipseudomonal agents on Pseudomonas aeruginosa colonization and acquisition of resistance...
  18. doi request reprint Sputum purulence-guided antibiotic use in hospitalised patients with exacerbations of COPD
    Néstor Soler
    Clinic Institute of Thorax, Hospital Clinic of Barcelona, Insitut d Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer, University of Barcelona, CIBER de Enfermedades Respiratorias, Barcelona, Spain
    Eur Respir J 40:1344-53. 2012
    ..CRP, but not PCT, may be a useful parameter to increase confidence of the absence of bacterial bronchial infection...
  19. doi request reprint Linezolid limits burden of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in biofilm of tracheal tubes
    Laia Fernández-Barat
    Ciberes Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Respiratorias, 06 06 0028, Barcelona, Spain
    Crit Care Med 40:2385-9. 2012
    ..To evaluate the effects of systemic treatment with linezolid compared with vancomycin on biofilm formation in mechanically ventilated pigs with severe methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus-induced pneumonia...
  20. doi request reprint Assessment of severity of ICU-acquired pneumonia and association with etiology
    Marta Di Pasquale
    1Servei de Pneumologia, Institut del Tòrax, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain 2Centro de Investigación Biomedica En Red Enfermedades Respiratorias, Bunyola, Spain 3Department of Pathophysiology and Transplantation, Universita degli Studi di Milano, IRCCS Fondazione Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico Cà Granda, Milano, Italy 4Department of Pulmonary Rehabilitation, Ospedale Villa Pineta, Pavullo nel Frignano, Modena, Italy 5Department of Medicine, Winthrop University Hospital, Mineola, NY
    Crit Care Med 42:303-12. 2014
    ..We evaluated the association between severity of illness and microbial etiology of ICU-acquired pneumonia to define if severity should be used to guide empiric antibiotic choices...
  21. doi request reprint Bacterial co-infection with H1N1 infection in patients admitted with community acquired pneumonia
    Catia Cillóniz
    Department of Pneumology, Institut del Tòrax, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, University of Barcelona, Villarroel 170, Barcelona 08036, Spain
    J Infect 65:223-30. 2012
    ..Bacterial co-infection is an important contributor to morbidity and mortality during influenza pandemics .We investigated the incidence, risk factors and outcome of patients with influenza A H1N1 pneumonia and bacterial co-infection...
  22. doi request reprint Influence of previous use of inhaled corticoids on the development of pleural effusion in community-acquired pneumonia
    Jacobo Sellares
    Servei de Pneumologia, Institut del Tòrax, Hospital Clinic, Institut d Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer, Barcelona, Spain
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 187:1241-8. 2013
    ..However, ICS have been associated with fewer pneumonia complications and decreased risk of pneumonia-related mortality...
  23. doi request reprint Impact of chronic liver disease in intensive care unit acquired pneumonia: a prospective study
    Marta Di Pasquale
    Servei de Pneumologia, Institut del Tòrax, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Intensive Care Med 39:1776-84. 2013
    ..To assess the impact of chronic liver disease (CLD) on ICU-acquired pneumonia...
  24. doi request reprint Effects of manual rib cage compressions on expiratory flow and mucus clearance during mechanical ventilation
    Joan Daniel Marti
    Pulmonary and Critical Care Unit, Animal Experimentation Division, Thorax Institute, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain
    Crit Care Med 41:850-6. 2013
    ..We investigated the effects of two different types of manual rib cage compression on expiratory flow and mucus clearance during prolonged mechanical ventilation in pigs...
  25. ncbi request reprint Community-acquired pneumonia in outpatients: aetiology and outcomes
    Catia Cillóniz
    Dept of Pneumology, Institut del Tòrax, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, University of Barcelona, Spain
    Eur Respir J 40:931-8. 2012
    ..Treatment failures and re-admissions are rare and may be reduced by increased attention to patients requiring short-term observation in the emergency care unit and in the presence of pleural effusion and comorbidities...
  26. doi request reprint Efficacy of linezolid compared to vancomycin in an experimental model of pneumonia induced by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in ventilated pigs
    Pilar Martínez-Olondris
    Pneumology Service, Thorax Clinic Institute, Hospital Clinic, Institut d Investigacions Biomediques Agusti Pi Sunyer, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Crit Care Med 40:162-8. 2012
    ..To assess the efficacy of linezolid compared with vancomycin in an experimental model of pneumonia induced by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in ventilated pigs...
  27. ncbi request reprint Causes and predictors of nonresponse to treatment of intensive care unit-acquired pneumonia
    Malina Ioanas
    Institut Clinic de Pneumologia i Cirurgia Toracica, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain
    Crit Care Med 32:938-45. 2004
    ..To prospectively evaluate the predictive factors for the nonresponse to empirical antibiotic treatment and mortality in patients with intensive care unit-acquired pneumonia...
  28. doi request reprint Direct analysis of bacterial viability in endotracheal tube biofilm from a pig model of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus pneumonia following antimicrobial therapy
    Laia Fernández-Barat
    Pneumology Department, Thorax Institute, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain
    FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol 65:309-17. 2012
    ..Systemic treatment with linezolid is associated with a higher proportion of dead bacteria in the ETT biofilm of animals with MRSA pneumonia. Biofilm clusters not necessarily attach to the ETT surface...
  29. ncbi request reprint Impact of alcohol abuse in the etiology and severity of community-acquired pneumonia
    Andres De Roux
    Servei de Pneumologia, Hospital Clinic, Villarroel 170, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
    Chest 129:1219-25. 2006
    ....
  30. ncbi request reprint Automatic control of tracheal tube cuff pressure in ventilated patients in semirecumbent position: a randomized trial
    Mauricio Valencia
    Unitat de Cures Intensives I Intermèdies, Servei de Pneumologia, Institut Clinic del Torax, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain
    Crit Care Med 35:1543-9. 2007
    ..We assessed the efficacy of an automatic, validated device for the continuous regulation of tracheal tube cuff pressure in preventing ventilator-associated pneumonia...
  31. pmc Colour of sputum is a marker for bacterial colonisation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    Marc Miravitlles
    Fundació Clínic, Institut d Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer, CIBER de Enfermedades Respiratorias, Barcelona, Spain
    Respir Res 11:58. 2010
    ..Bacterial colonisation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) contributes to airway inflammation and modulates exacerbations. We assessed risk factors for bacterial colonisation in COPD...
  32. doi request reprint An in vitro study to assess determinant features associated with fluid sealing in the design of endotracheal tube cuffs and exerted tracheal pressures
    Gianluigi Li Bassi
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care, Thorax Institute, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain
    Crit Care Med 41:518-26. 2013
    ....
  33. ncbi request reprint Associated inflammatory response in pneumonia: role of adjunctive therapy with glucocorticoids
    Ana Rañó
    Servei de Pneumologia, Institut Clinic del Torax, Hospital Clinic, Institut d Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer IDIBAPS, Universitat de Barcelona, Villaroel 170, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
    Curr Opin Infect Dis 19:179-84. 2006
    ..This article reviews the potential use of glucocorticoids as adjunctive therapy in the management of patients with severe bacterial pneumonia or pulmonary infections of other etiologies...
  34. doi request reprint Development and validation of a high performance liquid chromatography method to determine linezolid concentrations in pig pulmonary tissue
    Laura Guerrero
    Pharmacy Service, Hospital Clinic de Barcelona, Institut d Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer IDIBAPS, Universidad de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Clin Chem Lab Med 48:391-8. 2010
    ..It shows a broad spectrum of activity against Gram positive organisms. With respect to its pharmacokinetics, linezolid shows a relatively high volume of distribution and good penetration into inflammatory fluids, bone, fat and muscle...
  35. doi request reprint Bacteraemia and antibiotic-resistant pathogens in community acquired pneumonia: risk and prognosis
    Antoni Torres
    Dept of Pneumology, Institut Clinic del Torax, Hospital Clinic of Barcelona Institut d Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer IDIBAPS, University of Barcelona UB SGR 911 Ciber de Enfermedades Respiratorias Ciberes, Barcelona, Spain
    Eur Respir J 45:1353-63. 2015
    ..The results from this study provide evidence concerning community-acquired pneumonia patients in whom blood cultures should not be performed. ..
  36. ncbi request reprint Noninvasive ventilation in severe hypoxemic respiratory failure: a randomized clinical trial
    Miquel Ferrer
    Unitat de Vigilància Intensiva Respiratòria, Institut Clinic de Pneumologia i Cirurgia Toracica, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 168:1438-44. 2003
    ..39; p=0.017). The use of noninvasive ventilation prevented intubation, reduced the incidence of septic shock, and improved survival in these patients compared with high-concentration oxygen therapy...
  37. doi request reprint Risk factors associated with potentially antibiotic-resistant pathogens in community-acquired pneumonia
    Elena Prina
    1 Servei de Pneumologia, Institut del Tòrax, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Ann Am Thorac Soc 12:153-60. 2015
    ....
  38. doi request reprint ICU-acquired pneumonia with or without etiologic diagnosis: a comparison of outcomes
    Valeria Giunta
    Servei de Pneumologia, Institut del Tòrax, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Crit Care Med 41:2133-43. 2013
    ..We compared the clinical characteristics, inflammatory response, and outcomes between patients with and without microbiologically confirmed ICU-acquired pneumonia...
  39. pmc Passive smoking at home is a risk factor for community-acquired pneumonia in older adults: a population-based case-control study
    Jordi Almirall
    Critical Care Unit, Hospital de Mataro, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, CIBER Enfermedades Respiratorias, CibeRes, Barcelona, Spain
    BMJ Open 4:e005133. 2014
    ..To assess whether passive smoking exposure at home is a risk factor for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in adults...
  40. doi request reprint Gravity predominates over ventilatory pattern in the prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia
    Gianluigi Li Bassi
    1Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Division of Animal Experimentation, Hospital Clinic, Thorax Institute, Barcelona, Spain 2Institut d Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer, Barcelona, Spain 3Centro de Investigación Biomedica En Red Enfermedades Respiratorias, Barcelona, Spain 4Department of Cardiology, Hospital Clinic, Thorax Institute, Barcelona, Spain 5Department of Clinical Microbiology, School of Medicine, and Barcelona Centre for International Health Research CRESIB, Hospital Clinic, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain 6Department of Pathology, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain 7Pulmonary Intensive Care Unit, Hospital das Clinicas, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil 8Department of Pneumology, Hospital Clinic, Thorax Institute, Office of Biostatistics, Barcelona, Spain 9University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Crit Care Med 42:e620-7. 2014
    ..We compared the preventive effects of a ventilatory strategy, aimed at decreasing pulmonary aspiration and enhancing mucus clearance versus the Trendelenburg position...
  41. pmc Endotracheal tube biofilm translocation in the lateral Trendelenburg position
    Gianluigi Li Bassi
    Pulmonary and Critical Care Unit, Hospital Clinic, Calle Villarroel 170, Esc 6 8 Planta 2, 08036, Barcelona, Spain
    Crit Care 19:59. 2015
    ..We assessed whether the LTP could also prevent pulmonary colonization and infections caused by an endotracheal tube (ETT) biofilm...
  42. doi request reprint A novel porcine model of ventilator-associated pneumonia caused by oropharyngeal challenge with Pseudomonas aeruginosa
    Gianluigi Li Bassi
    From the Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Thorax Institute, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain G L B, M R, J D M, L S, O T R, V G, N L, M R, M E, L F B, M F, A T Institut d Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer IDIBAPS, Barcelona, Spain G L B, M R, J D M, I R, L M, L F B, M F, J V, A T Centro de Investigación Biomedica En Red Enfermedades Respiratorias CIBERES, Mallorca, Spain G L B, M R, O T R, V G, M R, M E
    Anesthesiology 120:1205-15. 2014
    ..Herein the authors characterize a novel porcine model of VAP due to aspiration of oropharyngeal secretions colonized by Pseudomonas aeruginosa...
  43. pmc Community-acquired polymicrobial pneumonia in the intensive care unit: aetiology and prognosis
    Catia Cillóniz
    Department of Pneumology, Institut Clinic del Torax, Hospital Clinic of Barcelona Institut d Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer, University of Barcelona SGR 911 Ciber de Enfermedades Respiratorias, Villarroel 170, Barcelona 08036, Spain
    Crit Care 15:R209. 2011
    ..The aim of the present study was to describe the prevalence, clinical characteristics and outcomes of severe CAP of polymicrobial aetiology in patients admitted to the ICU...
  44. ncbi request reprint Comparison of antimicrobial cycling and mixing strategies in two medical intensive care units
    Jose Antonio Martinez
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS University of Barcelona, Spain
    Crit Care Med 34:329-36. 2006
    ..To compare a mixing vs. a cycling strategy of use of anti-Pseudomonas antibiotics on the acquisition of resistant Gram-negative bacilli in the critical care setting...
  45. ncbi request reprint Noninvasive ventilation during persistent weaning failure: a randomized controlled trial
    Miquel Ferrer
    UVIR, Institut Clinic de Pneumologia i Cirurgia Toracica, Hospital Clinic, Villarroel 170, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 168:70-6. 2003
    ..5; p = 0.018). Earlier extubation with NIV results in shorter mechanical ventilation and length of stay, less need for tracheotomy, lower incidence of complications, and improved survival in these patients...
  46. ncbi request reprint Respiratory nosocomial infections in the medical intensive care unit
    Manuela Cavalcanti
    Institut Clinic de Pneumologia i Cirurgia Toracica, Hospital Clinic de Barcelona, Escalera 12 Sotano C, Villarroel, 170, Barcelona 08036, Spain
    Microbes Infect 7:292-301. 2005
    ..Additionally, a protocolized work-up to identify the causes of non-response to treatment is mandatory. All these issues are discussed in depth in this article...
  47. doi request reprint Predictive and prognostic factors in patients with blood-culture-positive community-acquired pneumococcal pneumonia
    Rosanel Amaro
    Dept of Pneumology, Hospital Clinic of Barcelona Institut d Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer IDIBAPS, University of Barcelona, Ciber de enfermedades respiratorias CIBERES, Barcelona, Spain
    Eur Respir J 48:797-807. 2016
    ..Pleural effusion, a high level of CRP and multilobar involvement predicted an increased risk of BCPPP. Although BCPPP patients were more severely ill at admission, mortality was not significantly greater than in BCNPP patients. ..
  48. doi request reprint Predictors of prolonged weaning and survival during ventilator weaning in a respiratory ICU
    Jacobo Sellares
    Institut Clinic del Torax, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Intensive Care Med 37:775-84. 2011
    ..The aims of the study were: (1) to compare the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients from the three weaning groups in a respiratory ICU; and (2) to assess predictors for prolonged weaning and survival...
  49. doi request reprint Piperacillin population pharmacokinetics in critically ill patients with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome receiving continuous venovenous haemodiafiltration: effect of type of dialysis membrane on dosing requirements
    Marta Ulldemolins
    Fundació Privada Clínic per la Recerca Biomèdica, Barcelona, Spain Critical Care Department, Sabadell Hospital, University Institute Parc Taulí Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona UAB, Sabadell, Spain Universitat de Barcelona UB, Barcelona, Spain
    J Antimicrob Chemother 71:1651-9. 2016
    ....
  50. doi request reprint Moxifloxacin monotherapy is effective in hospitalized patients with community-acquired pneumonia: the MOTIV study--a randomized clinical trial
    Antoni Torres
    Servei de Pneumologia i Allergia Respiratoria, Institut Clinic del Torax, Hospital Clinic de Barcelona, Spain
    Clin Infect Dis 46:1499-509. 2008
    ....
  51. doi request reprint Severe community-acquired pneumonia: validation of the Infectious Diseases Society of America/American Thoracic Society guidelines to predict an intensive care unit admission
    Adamantia Liapikou
    Servei de Pneumologia, Hospital Clinic, Instiut d Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Clin Infect Dis 48:377-85. 2009
    ..We clinically validated this rule...
  52. ncbi request reprint Microbiologic determinants of exacerbation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    Antoni Rosell
    Servei de Pneumologia, Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol, 08916 Badalona, Spain
    Arch Intern Med 165:891-7. 2005
    ....
  53. ncbi request reprint Early noninvasive ventilation averts extubation failure in patients at risk: a randomized trial
    Miquel Ferrer
    Unitat de Cures Intensives I Intermèdies, Servei de Pneumologia, Hospital Clinic, Institut Clinic del Torax, Villarroel 170, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 173:164-70. 2006
    ..Respiratory failure after extubation and reintubation is associated with increased morbidity and mortality...
  54. doi request reprint Nosocomial pneumonia in the intensive care unit acquired by mechanically ventilated versus nonventilated patients
    Mariano Esperatti
    Institut Clinic del Torax, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 182:1533-9. 2010
    ..Most current information on hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) is extrapolated from patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). No studies have evaluated HAP in the intensive care unit (ICU) in nonventilated patients...
  55. ncbi request reprint Respiratory microbiology patterns within the first 24 h of ARDS diagnosis: influence on outcome
    Torsten T Bauer
    Hospital Clinic de Barcelona, Servei de Pneumologia i Cirogía Toracica, Villarroel 170, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
    Chest 128:273-9. 2005
    ..Airway colonization and infection are frequent complications during the course of ARDS. The impact on outcomes of microbiological patterns recovered within the first 24 h after diagnosis has not been evaluated...
  56. pmc Predicting treatment failure in patients with community acquired pneumonia: a case-control study
    Ignacio Martin-Loeches
    Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, Universitat de Barcelona, CIBER Enfermedades Respiratorias, Servei de Pneumologia, Institut del Tòrax, Villarroel 170, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
    Respir Res 15:75. 2014
    ..Those patients have increased mortality and are a target population for randomized clinical trials...
  57. doi request reprint Effects of duty cycle and positive end-expiratory pressure on mucus clearance during mechanical ventilation*
    Gianluigi Li Bassi
    Hospital Clinic, Thorax Institute, Pneumology Department, Barcelona, Spain
    Crit Care Med 40:895-902. 2012
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate effects of duty cycles and positive end-expiratory pressure on mucus clearance in pigs using mechanical ventilation, and to assess their safety...
  58. doi request reprint Microbial aetiology of community-acquired pneumonia and its relation to severity
    Catia Cillóniz
    Servei de Pneumologia, Institut del Tòrax, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona 08036, Spain
    Thorax 66:340-6. 2011
    ....
  59. pmc Predictors of Severe Sepsis among Patients Hospitalized for Community-Acquired Pneumonia
    Beatriz Montull
    Pneumology Department, ISS Hospital Universitario y Politecnico La Fe, CIBER Enfermedades Respiratorias CIBERES, Valencia, Spain
    PLoS ONE 11:e0145929. 2016
    ..Severe sepsis, may be present on hospital arrival in approximately one-third of patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP)...
  60. doi request reprint Biomarkers and community-acquired pneumonia: tailoring management with biological data
    Antoni Torres
    Department of Pneumology, Clinic Institute of Thorax, Hospital Clinic of Barcelona Institut d Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Semin Respir Crit Care Med 33:266-71. 2012
    ..Data from the literature appear to support the use of biomarkers in routine clinical practice to improve the decision making in CAP...
  61. pmc The effects of direct hemoperfusion using a polymyxin B-immobilized column in a pig model of severe Pseudomonas aeruginosa pneumonia
    Gianluigi Li Bassi
    Division of Animal Experimentation, Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Thorax Institute, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain
    Ann Intensive Care 6:58. 2016
    ..Hemoperfusion through a column containing polymyxin B-immobilized fiber (PMX-HP) is beneficial in abdominal sepsis. We assessed the effects of PMX-HP in a model of severe Pseudomonas aeruginosa pneumonia...
  62. ncbi request reprint Pulmonary infections in non-HIV-immunocompromised patients
    Ana Rañó
    Servei de Pneumologia, Hospital Mutua de Terrassa, Barcelona, Spain
    Curr Opin Pulm Med 11:213-7. 2005
    ..This review comments on the results of relevant original articles in this area published from 2003 to the present...
  63. doi request reprint Effect of corticosteroids on treatment failure among hospitalized patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia and high inflammatory response: a randomized clinical trial
    Antoni Torres
    Servei de Pneumologia, Institut Clinic del Torax, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain2Institut d Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer, Barcelona, Spain3Centro de Investigación Biomédica En Red Enfermedades Respiratorias, Islas Baleares, Spain4Unive
    JAMA 313:677-86. 2015
    ..Corticosteroids may modulate cytokine release in these patients, but the benefit of this adjunctive therapy remains controversial...
  64. doi request reprint Endotracheal tube biofilm translocation in the lateral Trendelenburg position
    Gianluigi Li Bassi
    Pulmonary and Critical Care Unit, Hospital Clinic, Calle Villarroel 170, Esc 6 8 Planta 2, 08036, Barcelona, Spain
    Crit Care 19:785. 2015
    ..We assessed whether the LTP could also prevent pulmonary colonization and infections caused by an endotracheal tube (ETT) biofilm...
  65. doi request reprint Inhaled corticosteroids and systemic inflammatory response in community-acquired pneumonia: a prospective clinical study
    Miquel Ferrer
    Department of Pneumology, Thorax Institute, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Respirology 19:929-35. 2014
    ..The previous use of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) may reduce the inflammatory response and mortality in patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP)...
  66. doi request reprint Community-acquired lung respiratory infections in HIV-infected patients: microbial aetiology and outcome
    Catia Cillóniz
    Dept of Pneumology, Institut del Tòrax, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, University of Barcelona, Barcelona Centro de Investigación Biomédica En Red Enfermedades Respiratorias CIBERes, Barcelona
    Eur Respir J 43:1698-708. 2014
    ..2-78.6) were the variables independently associated with 30-day mortality. The described predictors may help clinicians to distinguish between bacterial and P. jirovecii pneumonia in patients with suspected or confirmed HIV infection...
  67. ncbi request reprint Pathophysiology of pneumonia
    Amalia Alcon
    Surgical Intensive Care Unit, Anesthesiology Department, Hospital Clinic, Villarroel 170, Barcelona 08036, Spain
    Clin Chest Med 26:39-46. 2005
    ..Other external sources of contamination, such as intensive care unit workers, aerosols, or fibrobronchoscopy, must be considered as accidental...
  68. pmc Inflammatory responses in blood samples of human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients with pulmonary infections
    Natividad Benito
    Service of Infectious Diseases, Institut Clínic de Infeccions i Inmunologia, Clinic Hospital IDIBAPS, Villarroel 170, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
    Clin Diagn Lab Immunol 11:608-14. 2004
    ..An elevated IL-8 level (>61 pg/ml) at the time of admission was an independent factor associated with higher mortality (odds ratio, 12; 95% confidence interval, 1.2 to 235.5)...
  69. doi request reprint Current perspective of the HCAP problem: is it CAP or is it HAP?
    Eva Polverino
    Division of Pulmonary Medicine, Clinic Institute of Thorax, Hospital Clinic of Barcelona Institut d Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer University of Barcelona Ciber de Enfermedades Respiratorias, Barcelona, Spain
    Semin Respir Crit Care Med 30:239-48. 2009
    ..Further investigation on microbial composition and MRI risk factors of HCAP is fundamental because no definitive therapeutic indications are currently available...
  70. pmc Readmission for Acute Exacerbation within 30 Days of Discharge Is Associated with a Subsequent Progressive Increase in Mortality Risk in COPD Patients: A Long-Term Observational Study
    Mónica Guerrero
    Respiratory Department, Clinic Institute of Respiratory ICR, Hospital Clinic of Barcelona Institut d Investigacions Biomèdiques Agusti Pi i Sunyer IDIBAPS CIBERES University of Barcelona UB, Barcelona, Spain
    PLoS ONE 11:e0150737. 2016
    ..The prognostic significance of early readmission is not fully understood. The objective of our study was to estimate the mortality risk associated with readmission for acute exacerbation within 30 days of discharge in COPD patients...
  71. doi request reprint Microbiology and outcomes of community acquired pneumonia in non cystic-fibrosis bronchiectasis patients
    Eva Polverino
    Department of Pneumology, Institut Clinic del Torax, Hospital Clinic of Barcelona Institut d Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer IDIBAPS, University of Barcelona, Ciber de enfermedades respiratorias CIBERES, Spain
    J Infect 71:28-36. 2015
    ..Nonetheless, the knowledge on clinical characteristics of CAP in NCFBE is poor and no specific recommendations are available. We aim to investigate clinical and microbiological characteristics of NCFBE patients with CAP...
  72. doi request reprint Severity and outcomes of community acquired pneumonia in asthmatic patients
    Silvia Terraneo
    Respiratory Unit, San Paolo Hospital, Dipartimento di Scienze della Salute, Universita degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy Department of Pneumology, Institut Clinic del Torax, Hospital Clinic of Barcelona, Institut d Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer IDIBAPS, University of Barcelona, SGR 911, Ciber de enfermedades respiratorias CIBERES, Spain
    Respir Med 108:1713-22. 2014
    ..Limited information is available about clinical outcomes and microbiology of community-acquired pneumonia in asthma...
  73. pmc Bronchoscopic validation of the significance of sputum purulence in severe exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    Néstor Soler
    Servei de Pneumologia, Institut Clinic del Torax, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS Universitat de Barcelona, Villarroel 170, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
    Thorax 62:29-35. 2007
    ..Antibiotics are commonly prescribed in exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the role of bacteria in these exacerbations is controversial...
  74. ncbi request reprint Viral community-acquired pneumonia in nonimmunocompromised adults
    Andres De Roux
    Servei de Pneumologia, Institut Clinic de Pneumologia i Cirurgia Toracica, Barcelona, Spain
    Chest 125:1343-51. 2004
    ..Viral community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) has been poorly studied and clinically characterized. Using strict criteria for inclusion, we studied this type of infection in a large series of hospitalized adults with CAP...
  75. doi request reprint A prediction rule for estimating the risk of bacteremia in patients with community-acquired pneumonia
    Miquel Falguera
    Services of 1Internal Medicine, Hospital Universitari Arnau de Vilanova, Universitat de Lleida, Institut de Recerca Biomèdia de Lleida, CIBER de Enfermedades Respiratorias, Lleida, Spain
    Clin Infect Dis 49:409-16. 2009
    ....
  76. doi request reprint Diagnostic strategies for healthcare-associated pneumonia
    Eva Polverino
    Pneumology Department, Clinic Institute of Thorax ICT, Hospital Clinic of Barcelona Institut d Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer IDIBAPS University of Barcelona UB Ciber de Enfermedades Respiratorias Ciberes, Barcelona, Spain
    Semin Respir Crit Care Med 30:36-45. 2009
    ....
  77. pmc Polymicrobial intensive care unit-acquired pneumonia: prevalence, microbiology and outcome
    Miquel Ferrer
    Department of Pneumology, Thorax Institute, Hospital Clinic, Villarroel 170, 08036, Barcelona, Spain
    Crit Care 19:450. 2015
    ..The impact of polymicrobial ICUAP is not extensively known. We therefore investigated the characteristics and outcomes of polymicrobial aetiology of ICUAP...
  78. pmc Importance of Aspergillus spp. isolation in Acute exacerbations of severe COPD: prevalence, factors and follow-up: the FUNGI-COPD study
    Arturo Huerta
    Department of Pneumology, Institute of Thorax ICT, Institut d Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer IDIBAPS, Hospital Clinic of Barcelona, University of Barcelona UB, CIBER de Enfermedades Respiratorias CIBERES 06 06 0028, Villarroel 170, 08037 Barcelona, Spain
    Respir Res 15:17. 2014
    ..However, the importance of Aspergillus spp. in the clinical management of AECOPD still remains unclear...
  79. doi request reprint Effect of nitric oxide inhalation on gas exchange in acute severe pneumonia
    Federico P Gómez
    Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Institut Clinic del Torax, Hospital Clinic, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Respir Physiol Neurobiol 187:157-63. 2013
    ..Patients with greater baseline intrapulmonary shunt exhibited greater improvement in arterial oxygenation (r(2)=0.55, p<0.05). We conclude that low doses of inhaled NO improve pulmonary gas exchange in acute severe pneumonia...
  80. ncbi request reprint Disposition of instilled versus nebulized tobramycin and imipenem in ventilated intensive care unit (ICU) patients
    Joan R Badia
    UVIR Institut Clínic de Pneumologia i Cirurgia Toràcica, Barcelona, Spain
    J Antimicrob Chemother 54:508-14. 2004
    ..Delivery of antibiotics to the lower respiratory tract could potentially achieve antimicrobial bronchial drug concentrations without toxicity...
  81. doi request reprint Pulmonary infections and resistance to antibiotics: recent information
    Antoni Torres
    Pneumology Department, Clinic Institute of Thorax, Hospital Clinic of Barcelona, Insitut d Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 10:1105-8. 2012
    ..This multidisciplinarity allows a rich cross-fertilization and outstanding discussions. This document summarizes the full day devoted to pulmonary infections and resistance to antibiotics...
  82. ncbi request reprint Nosocomial pneumonia in immunosuppressed patients
    Carlos Agustí
    Servei de Pneumologia, Institut Clinic de Pneumologia i Cirurgia Toracica, Hospital Clinic, Institut d Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Seunyer, Universitat de Barcelona, Villarroel 170, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
    Infect Dis Clin North Am 17:785-800. 2003
    ....
  83. ncbi request reprint Risk and prognostic factors of ventilator-associated pneumonia in trauma patients
    Manuela Cavalcanti
    Servei de Pneumologia, Institut Clinic del Torax, Hospital Clinic, Institut d Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer IDIBAPS, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain
    Crit Care Med 34:1067-72. 2006
    ..To assess the risk and prognostic factors of ventilator-associated pneumonia in trauma patients, with an emphasis on the inflammatory response...
  84. doi request reprint The Effect of Macrolide Resistance on the Presentation and Outcome of Patients Hospitalized for Streptococcus pneumoniae Pneumonia
    Catia Cillóniz
    1 Department of Pneumology, Institut Clinic del Torax, Hospital Clinic of Barcelona Institut d Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer, University of Barcelona, CIBER de Enfermedades Respiratorias, Barcelona, Spain
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 191:1265-72. 2015
    ..There are conflicting reports describing the effect of macrolide resistance on the presentation and outcomes of patients with Streptococcus pneumoniae pneumonia...
  85. doi request reprint Risk factors of postoperative nosocomial pneumonia after resection of bronchogenic carcinoma
    Vanessa Díaz-Ravetllat
    Department of General Thoracic Surgery, Thorax Institute, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, University of Barcelona, Villarroel Street 170, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
    Respir Med 106:1463-71. 2012
    ..The objective of this study is to determine the clinical and epidemiologic characteristics and the risk factors of postoperative pneumonia in patients undergoing resection of bronchogenic carcinoma in a third-level university hospital...
  86. ncbi request reprint Diagnosing ventilator-associated pneumonia
    Antoni Torres
    Institut Clinic de Pneumologia i Cirurgia Toracica, Respiratory Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain
    N Engl J Med 350:433-5. 2004
  87. ncbi request reprint Experimental safety and efficacy evaluation of an extracorporeal pumpless artificial lung in providing respiratory support through the axillary vessels
    Manuela Iglesias
    General Thoracic Surgical Experimental Laboratory, Hospital Clinic of Barcelona, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 133:339-45. 2007
    ....
  88. ncbi request reprint [Transbronchial needle aspiration in the study of mediastinal lymph nodes: yield and cost-effectiveness]
    Pilar Martínez-Olondris
    Servei de Pneumologia, Institut Clinic del Torax, IDIBAPS, Hospital Clinic, CIBER Enfermedades Respiratorias, Barcelona, Spain
    Arch Bronconeumol 44:290-4. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to analyze the diagnostic yield and cost-effectiveness of transbronchial needle aspiration in the mediastinal staging of lung cancer in patients being evaluated in a tertiary hospital...
  89. doi request reprint Levofloxacin for the treatment of respiratory tract infections
    Antoni Torres
    University of Barcelona, Respiratory Department, Villarroel 170 Barcelona 08036, Spain
    Expert Opin Pharmacother 13:1203-12. 2012
    ..High-dose (750 mg), short-course (5 days) therapy regimens may offer improved treatment, especially in HAP, due to higher drug concentrations, increased adherence and the potential to reduce the development of resistance...
  90. doi request reprint Changes in management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in primary care: EMMEPOC study
    Néstor Soler
    Servei de Pneumologia, Institut del Tòrax, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, Universitat de Barcelona, Villarroel 170, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
    Respir Med 104:67-75. 2010
    ..The use of a portable device to perform spirometry tests was evaluated to adequately categorize COPD and reduce other diagnostic interventions...
  91. ncbi request reprint Hospital-acquired pneumonia: etiologic considerations
    Amalia Alcon
    Surgical Intensive Care Unit, Servicio de Anestesiologia, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona University, Villarroel 170, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
    Infect Dis Clin North Am 17:679-95. 2003
    ..Noninvasive ventilation is demonstrating that the term "ventilator-associated pneumonia" is perhaps inaccurate and should be referred to as "intubation-associated pneumonia."..
  92. ncbi request reprint Influence of bacterial resistances on the efficiency of antibiotic treatments for community-acquired pneumonia
    Ramon Sabes-Figuera
    Pompeu Fabra University UPF, Barcelona, Spain
    Eur J Health Econ 9:23-32. 2008
    ....
  93. doi request reprint MicroRNAs expressed during lung cancer development are expressed in human pseudoglandular lung embryogenesis
    Alfons Navarro
    Human Anatomy and Embryology, School of Medicine, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Oncology 76:162-9. 2009
    ....
  94. ncbi request reprint Severe community-acquired pneumonia
    Francisco Alvarez-Lerma
    Service de Medicina Intensiva, Hospital del Mar, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Curr Opin Crit Care 10:369-74. 2004
    ..The aim of this descriptive review is to comment on the results of the relevant original articles in this area published since April 1, 2003...
  95. ncbi request reprint Pulmonary infiltrates in patients receiving long-term glucocorticoid treatment: etiology, prognostic factors, and associated inflammatory response
    Carlos Agustí
    Servei de Pneumologia, Institut Clinic de Pneumologia i Cirurgia Toracica, Barcelona, Spain
    Chest 123:488-98. 2003
    ..Glucocorticoid treatment alters immunoregulatory defense mechanisms and may therefore favor the development of different pulmonary infections...
  96. doi request reprint Do guidelines change outcomes in ventilator-associated pneumonia?
    Gianluigi Li Bassi
    Department of Pneumology and Critical Care, Hospital Clinic, Thorax Institute, Barcelona, Spain
    Curr Opin Infect Dis 23:171-7. 2010
    ....
  97. doi request reprint What is the best approach to the nonresponding patient with community-acquired pneumonia?
    Salvador Sialer
    Pneumology Department, Clinic Institute of Thorax ICT, Hospital Clinic of Barcelona, Barcelona 08036, Spain
    Infect Dis Clin North Am 27:189-203. 2013
    ..It is important to be able to identify what patients are at risk for progressive or treatment failure pneumonia that may make them candidates for a more careful monitoring...
  98. doi request reprint Cytokine activation patterns and biomarkers are influenced by microorganisms in community-acquired pneumonia
    Rosario Menendez
    Department of Pneumology, Hospital Universitari I Politècnic La Fe, Bulevar Sur S N, 46026 Valencia, Spain
    Chest 141:1537-45. 2012
    ..Here, we analyze the patterns of inflammatory cytokines, procalcitonin (PCT), and C-reactive protein (CRP) in order to determine their diagnostic value...
  99. doi request reprint The impact of guidelines on the outcomes of community-acquired and ventilator-associated pneumonia
    Miquel Ferrer
    Servei de Pneumologia, Institut del Tòrax, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, Universitat de Barcelona, Villarroel, Spain
    Clin Chest Med 32:491-505. 2011
    ....
  100. ncbi request reprint Community-acquired pneumonia due to gram-negative bacteria and pseudomonas aeruginosa: incidence, risk, and prognosis
    Francisco Arancibia
    Hospital Clinic i Provincial, Servei de Pneumologia i Allergia Respiratoria, Villarroel, 170, E 08036 Barcelona, Spain
    Arch Intern Med 162:1849-58. 2002
    ..We determined the incidence of, prognosis of, and risk factors for CAP due to gram-negative bacteria (GNB), including Pseudomonas aeruginosa...