Ross Tucker

Summary

Affiliation: University of Cape Town
Country: South Africa

Publications

  1. ncbi Energy expenditure of a noncontact boxing training session compared with submaximal treadmill running
    B Bellinger
    Department of Physiology, University of Cape Town Medical School, South Africa
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 29:1653-6. 1997
  2. ncbi Measurement of maximal oxygen uptake from two different laboratory protocols in runners and squash players
    A St Clair Gibson
    Department of Physiology, University of Cape Town Medical School, South Africa
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 31:1226-9. 1999
  3. ncbi Quadriceps and hamstrings peak torque ratio changes in persons with chronic anterior cruciate ligament deficiency
    A St Clair Gibson
    Department of Physiology, University of Cape Town, South Africa
    J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 30:418-27. 2000
  4. ncbi Reduced neuromuscular activity and force generation during prolonged cycling
    A St Clair Gibson
    MRC UCT Research Unit of Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, University of Cape Town Medical School, Cape Town, 7725 South Africa
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 281:R187-96. 2001
  5. ncbi Neural control of force output during maximal and submaximal exercise
    A St Clair Gibson
    The Medical Research Council, Department of Human Biology, University of Cape Town, South Africa
    Sports Med 31:637-50. 2001
  6. ncbi Evaluation of maximal exercise performance, fatigue, and depression in athletes with acquired chronic training intolerance
    A St Clair Gibson
    UCT MRC Research Unit of Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    Clin J Sport Med 16:39-45. 2006
  7. ncbi Metabolic setpoint control mechanisms in different physiological systems at rest and during exercise
    A St Clair Gibson
    Brain Sciences Research Group, MRC UCT Research Unit of Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Sport Science Institute of South Africa, P O Box 115, Newlands 7725, South Africa
    J Theor Biol 236:60-72. 2005
  8. ncbi The role of information processing between the brain and peripheral physiological systems in pacing and perception of effort
    Alan St Clair Gibson
    Brain Sciences Research Group, MRC UCT Research Unit of Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    Sports Med 36:705-22. 2006
  9. pmc Evidence for complex system integration and dynamic neural regulation of skeletal muscle recruitment during exercise in humans
    A St Clair Gibson
    Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, University of Cape Town, Newlands, South Africa
    Br J Sports Med 38:797-806. 2004
  10. pmc The rate of heat storage mediates an anticipatory reduction in exercise intensity during cycling at a fixed rating of perceived exertion
    Ross Tucker
    University of Cape Town Medical Research Council UCT MRC Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, University of Cape Town, South Africa
    J Physiol 574:905-15. 2006

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications37

  1. ncbi Energy expenditure of a noncontact boxing training session compared with submaximal treadmill running
    B Bellinger
    Department of Physiology, University of Cape Town Medical School, South Africa
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 29:1653-6. 1997
    ..A typical boxing training session lasting 60 min causes a person to expend 2821 +/- 190 kJ x h(-1), the same amount of energy as someone running about 9 km in 60 min on the treadmill...
  2. ncbi Measurement of maximal oxygen uptake from two different laboratory protocols in runners and squash players
    A St Clair Gibson
    Department of Physiology, University of Cape Town Medical School, South Africa
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 31:1226-9. 1999
    ....
  3. ncbi Quadriceps and hamstrings peak torque ratio changes in persons with chronic anterior cruciate ligament deficiency
    A St Clair Gibson
    Department of Physiology, University of Cape Town, South Africa
    J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 30:418-27. 2000
    ..Cross-sectional analytical study in which subjects served as their own controls...
  4. ncbi Reduced neuromuscular activity and force generation during prolonged cycling
    A St Clair Gibson
    MRC UCT Research Unit of Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, University of Cape Town Medical School, Cape Town, 7725 South Africa
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 281:R187-96. 2001
    ..These changes occurred when <20% of available muscle was recruited and suggest the presence of a central neural governor that reduces the active muscle recruited during prolonged exercise...
  5. ncbi Neural control of force output during maximal and submaximal exercise
    A St Clair Gibson
    The Medical Research Council, Department of Human Biology, University of Cape Town, South Africa
    Sports Med 31:637-50. 2001
    ....
  6. ncbi Evaluation of maximal exercise performance, fatigue, and depression in athletes with acquired chronic training intolerance
    A St Clair Gibson
    UCT MRC Research Unit of Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    Clin J Sport Med 16:39-45. 2006
    ....
  7. ncbi Metabolic setpoint control mechanisms in different physiological systems at rest and during exercise
    A St Clair Gibson
    Brain Sciences Research Group, MRC UCT Research Unit of Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Sport Science Institute of South Africa, P O Box 115, Newlands 7725, South Africa
    J Theor Biol 236:60-72. 2005
    ....
  8. ncbi The role of information processing between the brain and peripheral physiological systems in pacing and perception of effort
    Alan St Clair Gibson
    Brain Sciences Research Group, MRC UCT Research Unit of Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    Sports Med 36:705-22. 2006
    ....
  9. pmc Evidence for complex system integration and dynamic neural regulation of skeletal muscle recruitment during exercise in humans
    A St Clair Gibson
    Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, University of Cape Town, Newlands, South Africa
    Br J Sports Med 38:797-806. 2004
    ..The end point of the exercise bout is the controlling variable. This is an example of a complex, non-linear, dynamic system in which physiological systems interact to regulate activity before, during, and after the exercise bout...
  10. pmc The rate of heat storage mediates an anticipatory reduction in exercise intensity during cycling at a fixed rating of perceived exertion
    Ross Tucker
    University of Cape Town Medical Research Council UCT MRC Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, University of Cape Town, South Africa
    J Physiol 574:905-15. 2006
    ..This regulation maintains thermal homeostasis by reducing the exercise work rate and utilizing the subjective RPE specifically to ensure that excessive heat accumulation does not occur and cellular catastrophe is avoided...
  11. ncbi Effect of distance feedback on pacing strategy and perceived exertion during cycling
    Yumna Albertus
    MRC UCT Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, the University of Cape Town and the Sports Science Institute of SOUTH AFRICA, Cape Town, South Africa
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 37:461-8. 2005
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate whether providing incorrect distance feedback would alter pacing strategies, perceived exertion, and heart rate during 20-km cycling time trials (TT)...
  12. doi Heatstroke during endurance exercise: is there evidence for excessive endothermy?
    Dale E Rae
    1UCT MRC Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, South Africa
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 40:1193-204. 2008
    ....
  13. ncbi Hyperoxia improves 20 km cycling time trial performance by increasing muscle activation levels while perceived exertion stays the same
    Ross Tucker
    MRC UCT Research Unit for Excercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, University of Cape Town, Sports Science Institute of South Africa, P O Box 115, Newlands 7725, South Africa
    Eur J Appl Physiol 101:771-81. 2007
    ..We suggest that a complex, intelligent system regulates exercise performance through the control of muscle activation levels in an integrative manner under conditions of normoxia and hyperoxia...
  14. ncbi Impaired exercise performance in the heat is associated with an anticipatory reduction in skeletal muscle recruitment
    Ross Tucker
    MRC UCT Bioenergetics of Exercise Research Unit, University of Cape Town, Sports Science Institute of South Africa, PO Box 115, 7725, Newlands, South Africa
    Pflugers Arch 448:422-30. 2004
    ..This adaptation appears to form part of an anticipatory response which adjusts muscle recruitment and power output to reduce heat production, thereby ensuring that thermal homeostasis is maintained during exercise in the heat...
  15. doi Alternative methods of normalising EMG during running
    Yumna Albertus-Kajee
    UCT MRC Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    J Electromyogr Kinesiol 21:579-86. 2011
    ..The dynamic methods were the most appropriate for EMG normalisation showing repeatability, better intra-subject reliability and better sensitivity during running over different days and for once-off measurements...
  16. doi The rate of increase in rating of perceived exertion predicts the duration of exercise to fatigue at a fixed power output in different environmental conditions
    Helen Crewe
    Department of Human Biology, University of Cape Town, Newlands, South Africa
    Eur J Appl Physiol 103:569-77. 2008
    ..92). This study shows that the rate of increase in RPE predicts the duration of exercise to exhaustion at a constant power output in different environmental conditions...
  17. ncbi The effect of a second runner on pacing strategy and RPE during a running time trial
    Deryn Bath
    UCT MRC Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    Int J Sports Physiol Perform 7:26-32. 2012
    ..The aim of this study was to examine performance, pacing strategy and perception of effort during a 5 km time trial while running with or without the presence of another athlete...
  18. doi Site-Specific Bone Mineral Density Is Unaltered Despite Differences in Fat-Free Soft Tissue Mass Between Affected and Nonaffected Sides in Hemiplegic Paralympic Athletes with Cerebral Palsy: Preliminary Findings
    Phoebe Runciman
    From the Division for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, University of Cape Town, South Africa PR, YA K, LM, WD Department of Sport Science, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa SF International Olympic Committee Research Centre, Cape Town, South Africa WD MRC Wits Developmental Pathways for Health Research Unit, Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa LM Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Institute of Sport and Exercise Medicine, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa PR, WD and Department of Medicine, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa RT
    Am J Phys Med Rehabil 95:771-8. 2016
    ..This study investigated bone mineral density (BMD, g/cm), fat mass (FM, kg), and fat-free soft tissue mass (FFSTM, kg) in Paralympic athletes with cerebral palsy (CP) using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry...
  19. ncbi Neuromuscular changes associated with superior fatigue resistance in African runners
    Yolande X Harley
    UCT MRC Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    J Sports Med Phys Fitness 56:857-63. 2016
    ..This study aimed to compare fatigue resistance during sustained isometric exercise between performance-matched African and European runners...
  20. doi Thermoregulation, fatigue and exercise modality
    Ross Tucker
    MRC UCT Research Unit of Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    Med Sport Sci 53:26-38. 2008
    ..The findings from studies utilising different exercise modalities (fixed intensity vs. self-paced) have produced an alternative hypothesis explaining exercise regulation...
  21. ncbi Muscle co-activation and its influence on running performance and risk of injury in elite Kenyan runners
    Nicholas Tam
    a Division of Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Health Science, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    J Sports Sci 35:175-181. 2017
    ..Further, neuromuscular activity during terminal swing is also important and necessary to execute and maintain performance...
  22. doi Loading rate increases during barefoot running in habitually shod runners: Individual responses to an unfamiliar condition
    Nicholas Tam
    UCT MRC Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa Electronic address
    Gait Posture 46:47-52. 2016
    ..Lastly, runners who increased LR when barefoot reduced LRs when wearing shoes to levels similar seen in habitually barefoot runners who do adopt a forefoot-landing pattern, despite increased dorsiflexion. ..
  23. doi What makes champions? A review of the relative contribution of genes and training to sporting success
    Ross Tucker
    Department of Human Biology, Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, University of Cape Town, South Africa
    Br J Sports Med 46:555-61. 2012
    ....
  24. doi Effects of Induced Volitional Fatigue on Sprint and Jump Performance in Paralympic Athletes with Cerebral Palsy
    Phoebe Runciman
    From the Division of Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, University of Cape Town, South Africa PR, YA K, WD Department of Medicine, University of the Free State RT Department of Sport Science SF and Institute of Sports and Exercise Medicine WD, Stellenbosch University, South Africa and International Olympic Committee Research Centre, Cape Town, South Africa WD
    Am J Phys Med Rehabil 95:277-90. 2016
    ..This study investigated performance, neuromuscular characteristics, and fatigue in Paralympic athletes with cerebral palsy (CP) during a maximal explosive performance trial, compared with well-trained, sprint-specific able-bodied athletes...
  25. doi Individual Responses to a Barefoot Running Program: Insight Into Risk of Injury
    Nicholas Tam
    Division of Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Health Science, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    Am J Sports Med 44:777-84. 2016
    ..There is a dearth in understanding whether all runners can gain the proposed benefits of barefoot running and how barefoot running may affect long-term injury risk...
  26. doi The genetic basis for elite running performance
    Ross Tucker
    UCT MRC Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    Br J Sports Med 47:545-9. 2013
    ....
  27. doi Alternative methods of normalising EMG during cycling
    Yumna Albertus-Kajee
    UCT MRC Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, the University of Cape Town and the Sports Science Institute of SOUTH AFRICA, Cape Town, South Africa
    J Electromyogr Kinesiol 20:1036-43. 2010
    ..The data suggests that normalising EMG to dynamic methods is the most appropriate for examining muscle activity during cycling over different days and for once-off measurements...
  28. ncbi Dysnatremia predicts a delayed recovery in collapsed ultramarathon runners
    Tamara Hew-Butler
    Department of Human Biology, University of Cape Town, South Africa
    Clin J Sport Med 17:289-96. 2007
    ....
  29. ncbi The science of sex verification and athletic performance
    Ross Tucker
    UCT MRC Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine of the Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    Int J Sports Physiol Perform 5:127-39. 2010
    ..This review will therefore provide the historical context of the debate and aim to discuss relevant physiological and performance aspects of the sex verification process...
  30. doi Comment on Dissociation between running economy and running performance in elite Kenyan distance runners
    Jordan Santos-Concejero
    a UCT MRC Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Human Biology, University of Cape Town, Cape Town 7700, South Africa
    J Sports Sci 34:96-8. 2016
    ....
  31. doi Analysis of the Kenyan distance-running phenomenon
    Ross Tucker
    Department of Human Biology, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    Int J Sports Physiol Perform 10:285-91. 2015
    ..To investigate the ethnicity of Kenya's most successful international runners, tracking their evolution over the period of their international emergence and current dominance...
  32. doi Gait-cycle characteristics and running economy in elite Eritrean and European runners
    Jordan Santos-Concejero
    Dept of Human Biology, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    Int J Sports Physiol Perform 10:381-7. 2015
    ..This study aimed to determine whether biomechanical characteristics such as ground-contact time, swing time, and stride length and frequency contribute to the exceptional running economy of East African runners...
  33. doi Barefoot running: an evaluation of current hypothesis, future research and clinical applications
    Nicholas Tam
    UCT MRC Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa
    Br J Sports Med 48:349-55. 2014
    ....
  34. doi Influence of regression model and initial intensity of an incremental test on the relationship between the lactate threshold estimated by the maximal-deviation method and running performance
    Jordan Santos-Concejero
    a UCT MRC Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    J Sports Sci 32:853-9. 2014
    ..The results suggest that the exponential lactate threshold should be used instead of the polynomial equivalent since it is more strongly associated with performance and is independent of the initial intensity of the test...
  35. ncbi Distribution of power output during cycling: impact and mechanisms
    Greg Atkinson
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, England
    Sports Med 37:647-67. 2007
    ..How all this information is assimilated by the different regions of the brain is not known at present...
  36. ncbi Activation time course of activator protein-1 and effect of proline dithiocarbamate during ischemia-reperfusion in rat skeletal muscle
    Scott R Lefler
    Mayo Clinic Scottsdale, Scottsdale, Arizona, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 49:654-9. 2002
    ..05) after intravenous administration of Pro-DTC (n = 7 animals in each group). Further elucidation of the role of AP-1 is warranted in hopes of developing strategies to reduce the deleterious effects of ischemia-reperfusion injury...
  37. ncbi Inverse relationship between VO2max and economy in world-class cyclists
    Timothy D Noakes
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:1083-4; author reply 1085-6. 2004