Jurgen Rehm

Summary

Publications

  1. pmc A narrative review of alcohol consumption as a risk factor for global burden of disease
    Jurgen Rehm
    Institute for Mental Health Policy Research, CAMH, 33 Russell Street, T505, Toronto, ON, M5S 2S1, Canada
    Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 11:37. 2016
  2. doi request reprint Reducing non-communicable disease via better detection of hypertension and alcohol problems in primary health care in Spain
    Jurgen Rehm
    Centro de Adicciones y Salud Mental, Toronto, Canada Dalla Lana School of Public Health, Universidad de Toronto, Toronto, Canadá Instituto de Ciencias Médicas, Universidad de Toronto, Toronto, Canadá Departamento de Psiquiatría, Universidad de Toronto, Toronto, Canadá Instituto de Psicología Clínica y Psicoterapia y Centro de Epidemiología Clínica y Estudios Longitudinales CELOS, Technische Universitat Dresden, Alemania
    Adicciones . 2016
  3. pmc Modelling the impact of alcohol consumption on cardiovascular disease mortality for comparative risk assessments: an overview
    Jurgen Rehm
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 33 Russell Street, Toronto, M5S 2S1, ON, Canada
    BMC Public Health 16:363. 2016
  4. doi request reprint Alcohol Use Disorders in Primary Health Care: What Do We Know and Where Do We Go?
    Jurgen Rehm
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health CAMH, 33 Russell Street, Toronto, ON M5S 2S1, Canada Campbell Family Mental Health Research Institute, CAMH, 250 College Street, Toronto, ON M5T 1R8, Canada Institute of Medical Science IMS, University of Toronto, Medical Sciences Building, 1 King s College Circle, Room 2374, Toronto, ON M5S 1A8, Canada Institute for Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, TU Dresden, Chemnitzer Str 46, 01187 Dresden, Germany Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, 250 College Street, 8th Floor, Toronto, ON M5T 1R8, Canada Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, 155 College Street, 6th Floor, Toronto, ON M5T 3M7, Canada
    Alcohol Alcohol 51:422-7. 2016
  5. pmc Policy implications of marked reversals of population life expectancy caused by substance use
    Jurgen Rehm
    Social and Epidemiological Research SER Department, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health CAMH, 33 Russell Street, T505, Toronto, ON, M5S 2S1, Canada
    BMC Med 14:42. 2016
  6. pmc Alcohol dependence and treatment utilization in Europe - a representative cross-sectional study in primary care
    Jurgen Rehm
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 33 Russell Street, Toronto, ON, M5S 2S1, Canada
    BMC Fam Pract 16:90. 2015
  7. pmc Harms of prescription opioid use in the United States
    Sameer Imtiaz
    Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 9:43. 2014
  8. pmc A comparison of the prevalence of prenatal alcohol exposure obtained via maternal self-reports versus meconium testing: a systematic literature review and meta-analysis
    Shannon Lange
    Social and Epidemiological Research Department, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 33 Russell St, M5S 2S1 Toronto, ON, Canada
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 14:127. 2014
  9. pmc Efficacy of an alcohol-focused intervention for improving adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) and HIV treatment outcomes - a randomised controlled trial protocol
    Charles DH Parry
    Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drug Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa
    BMC Infect Dis 14:500. 2014
  10. pmc Trends and changes in prescription opioid analgesic dispensing in Canada 2005-2012: an update with a focus on recent interventions
    Benedikt Fischer
    Centre for Applied Research in Mental Health and Addiction CARMHA, Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, Canada
    BMC Health Serv Res 14:90. 2014

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications99

  1. pmc A narrative review of alcohol consumption as a risk factor for global burden of disease
    Jurgen Rehm
    Institute for Mental Health Policy Research, CAMH, 33 Russell Street, T505, Toronto, ON, M5S 2S1, Canada
    Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 11:37. 2016
    ..The present review will give an overview on the main results of the CRAs with respect to alcohol consumption as a risk factor, sketch out new trends and developments, and draw implications for future research and policy...
  2. doi request reprint Reducing non-communicable disease via better detection of hypertension and alcohol problems in primary health care in Spain
    Jurgen Rehm
    Centro de Adicciones y Salud Mental, Toronto, Canada Dalla Lana School of Public Health, Universidad de Toronto, Toronto, Canadá Instituto de Ciencias Médicas, Universidad de Toronto, Toronto, Canadá Departamento de Psiquiatría, Universidad de Toronto, Toronto, Canadá Instituto de Psicología Clínica y Psicoterapia y Centro de Epidemiología Clínica y Estudios Longitudinales CELOS, Technische Universitat Dresden, Alemania
    Adicciones . 2016
    ..Una mejor detección de la hipertensión y el cribado de consumos alcohólicos con las consiguientes intervenciones resultaría en una marcada reducción de la hipertensión no controlada y de las muertes de origen cardiovascular...
  3. pmc Modelling the impact of alcohol consumption on cardiovascular disease mortality for comparative risk assessments: an overview
    Jurgen Rehm
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 33 Russell Street, Toronto, M5S 2S1, ON, Canada
    BMC Public Health 16:363. 2016
    ..The objective of this contribution was to estimate the burden of CVD mortality caused by alcohol consumption...
  4. doi request reprint Alcohol Use Disorders in Primary Health Care: What Do We Know and Where Do We Go?
    Jurgen Rehm
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health CAMH, 33 Russell Street, Toronto, ON M5S 2S1, Canada Campbell Family Mental Health Research Institute, CAMH, 250 College Street, Toronto, ON M5T 1R8, Canada Institute of Medical Science IMS, University of Toronto, Medical Sciences Building, 1 King s College Circle, Room 2374, Toronto, ON M5S 1A8, Canada Institute for Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, TU Dresden, Chemnitzer Str 46, 01187 Dresden, Germany Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, 250 College Street, 8th Floor, Toronto, ON M5T 1R8, Canada Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, 155 College Street, 6th Floor, Toronto, ON M5T 3M7, Canada
    Alcohol Alcohol 51:422-7. 2016
    ..To analyze the current paradigm and clinical practice for dealing with alcohol use disorders (AUD) in primary health care...
  5. pmc Policy implications of marked reversals of population life expectancy caused by substance use
    Jurgen Rehm
    Social and Epidemiological Research SER Department, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health CAMH, 33 Russell Street, T505, Toronto, ON, M5S 2S1, Canada
    BMC Med 14:42. 2016
    ..Life expectancy has been increasing steadily over the past century in most countries, with only a few exceptions such as during wartimes...
  6. pmc Alcohol dependence and treatment utilization in Europe - a representative cross-sectional study in primary care
    Jurgen Rehm
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 33 Russell Street, Toronto, ON, M5S 2S1, Canada
    BMC Fam Pract 16:90. 2015
    ..Recognition by general practitioners (GPs) and provision of or referral to treatment may contribute to reduce this burden. This paper studied AD prevalence in varying European primary care settings and examined who received treatment...
  7. pmc Harms of prescription opioid use in the United States
    Sameer Imtiaz
    Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 9:43. 2014
    ..As such, the present study aimed to assess the correlations between consumption levels of POs and PO-related harms, including non-medical prescription opioid use (NMPOU), PO-related morbidity and PO-related mortality...
  8. pmc A comparison of the prevalence of prenatal alcohol exposure obtained via maternal self-reports versus meconium testing: a systematic literature review and meta-analysis
    Shannon Lange
    Social and Epidemiological Research Department, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 33 Russell St, M5S 2S1 Toronto, ON, Canada
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 14:127. 2014
    ..The purpose of the current study was to compare the prevalence of PAE as reported via maternal self-reports with the results of meconium testing, and to quantify the disparity between these two methods...
  9. pmc Efficacy of an alcohol-focused intervention for improving adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) and HIV treatment outcomes - a randomised controlled trial protocol
    Charles DH Parry
    Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drug Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa
    BMC Infect Dis 14:500. 2014
    ....
  10. pmc Trends and changes in prescription opioid analgesic dispensing in Canada 2005-2012: an update with a focus on recent interventions
    Benedikt Fischer
    Centre for Applied Research in Mental Health and Addiction CARMHA, Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, Canada
    BMC Health Serv Res 14:90. 2014
    ..Canada features the world's second-highest POA consumption rates. Following increases in POA-related harm, several POA control interventions have been implemented since 2010...
  11. pmc The potential impact of increased treatment rates for alcohol dependence in the United Kingdom in 2004
    Kevin D Shield
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health CAMH, 33 Russell Street, Toronto, ON M5S 2S1, Canada
    BMC Health Serv Res 14:53. 2014
    ..Thus, the objective of this paper is to quantify the deaths that would have been avoided in the UK in 2004 if the treatment rate for AD had been increased...
  12. doi request reprint The tangible common denominator of substance use disorders: a reply to commentaries to Rehm et al. (2013a)
    J Rehm
    corresponding author
    Alcohol Alcohol 49:118-22. 2014
    ..In conclusion, 'heavy use over time' as a tangible common denominator should be seriously considered as definition for substance use disorder. ..
  13. doi request reprint Defining substance use disorders: do we really need more than heavy use?
    J Rehm
    corresponding author
    Alcohol Alcohol 48:633-40. 2013
    ..The aim of the study was to explore whether the concept of heavy substance use over time can be used as definition of substance use disorder...
  14. pmc Reductions in non-medical prescription opioid use among adults in Ontario, Canada: are recent policy interventions working?
    Benedikt Fischer
    Centre for Applied Research in Mental Health and Addictions CARMHA, Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, 2400 515 W Hastings St, V6B 5K3, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 8:7. 2013
    ..A series of recent policy interventions from governmental and non-governmental entities to stem PO-related problems have been implemented since 2010...
  15. doi request reprint Establishing disability weights from pairwise comparisons for a US burden of disease study
    Jurgen Rehm
    Center for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Int J Methods Psychiatr Res 22:144-54. 2013
    ..As it is based on a modularized set of attributes, this methodology will allow derivation of disability weights on the basis of existing descriptions using the CLAMES...
  16. doi request reprint Global burden of alcoholic liver diseases
    Jurgen Rehm
    Social and Epidemiological Research Department, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Canada
    J Hepatol 59:160-8. 2013
    ..Interventions to reduce alcohol consumption are recommended as a population health priority and may range from taxation increases for alcoholic beverages to increases in screening and treatment rates for alcohol use disorders...
  17. doi request reprint Modeling the impact of alcohol dependence on mortality burden and the effect of available treatment interventions in the European Union
    J Rehm
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health CAMH, 33 Russell Street, Toronto, ON M5S 2S1, Canada
    Eur Neuropsychopharmacol 23:89-97. 2013
    ..Increasing treatment rates for AD was identified as an important issue for future public health strategies to reduce alcohol-attributable harm and to complement the current focus of alcohol policy...
  18. doi request reprint Alcohol consumption and mortality in Russia since 2000: are there any changes following the alcohol policy changes starting in 2006?
    Maria Neufeld
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Alcohol Alcohol 48:222-30. 2013
    ..To elucidate the possible effects of Russian alcohol control policy on alcohol consumption and alcohol-related mortality for the period 2000-2010...
  19. doi request reprint Global burden of disease and injury and economic cost attributable to alcohol use and alcohol-use disorders
    Jurgen Rehm
    Public Health and Regulatory Policies, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Lancet 373:2223-33. 2009
    ..Overall, we conclude that alcohol consumption is one of the major avoidable risk factors, and actions to reduce burden and costs associated with alcohol should be urgently increased...
  20. ncbi request reprint Prevalence and associated factors of hepatitis C infection (HCV) in a multi-site Canadian population of illicit opioid and other drug users (OPICAN)
    Michelle Firestone Cruz
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON
    Can J Public Health 98:130-3. 2007
    ..Using data from a multi-site cohort study of illicit opioid users in five Canadian cities (OPICAN), this paper explores the prevalence and predictors of HCV status in this high-risk population...
  21. pmc Smoking-attributable morbidity: acute care hospital diagnoses and days of treatment in Canada, 2002
    Dolly Baliunas
    Public Health Sciences Department, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    BMC Public Health 7:247. 2007
    ..Smoking is one of the most important risk factors for burden of disease. Our objective was to estimate the number of hospital diagnoses and days of treatment attributable to smoking for Canada, 2002...
  22. doi request reprint Gender differences in health-related quality of life among cannabis users: results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions
    Shaul Lev-Ran
    Translational Addiction Research Laboratory, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Depend 123:190-200. 2012
    ..Cannabis is the most widely used illicit substance worldwide. The aim of the present study was to assess self-reported Quality of Life (QoL) among cannabis users in a large representative sample...
  23. ncbi request reprint Global burden of disease from alcohol, illicit drugs and tobacco
    Jurgen Rehm
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Rev 25:503-13. 2006
    ..The burden of disease attributable to the use of legal substances clearly outweighed the use of illegal drugs. A large part of the substance-attributable burden would be avoidable if known effective interventions were implemented...
  24. pmc Illicit opioid use in Canada: comparing social, health, and drug use characteristics of untreated users in five cities (OPICAN study)
    Benedikt Fischer
    University of Toronto and Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Urban Health 82:250-66. 2005
    ..Differentiated interventions are required...
  25. ncbi request reprint Using latent class analysis (LCA) to analyze patterns of drug use in a population of illegal opioid users
    Neerav Monga
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario M5S 2S1, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Depend 88:1-8. 2007
    ..The objective of this paper is to empirically determine a categorization of illegal opioid users in Canada in order to describe and analyze drug use patterns within this population...
  26. ncbi request reprint The costs of alcohol, illegal drugs, and tobacco in Canada, 2002
    Jurgen Rehm
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 33 Russell Street, Room 2035B, Toronto, Ontario M5S 2S1, Canada
    J Stud Alcohol Drugs 68:886-95. 2007
    ..The aim of this study was to estimate costs attributable to substance use and misuse in Canada in 2002...
  27. ncbi request reprint Alcohol-attributable morbidity and resulting health care costs in Canada in 2002: recommendations for policy and prevention
    Benjamin Taylor
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 2S1, Canada
    J Stud Alcohol Drugs 68:36-47. 2007
    ..The purpose of this article was to estimate the number of hospitalizations, hospital days, and the resulting costs attributable to alcohol for Canada in 2002...
  28. ncbi request reprint Crack across Canada: Comparing crack users and crack non-users in a Canadian multi-city cohort of illicit opioid users
    Benedikt Fischer
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health Univrersity of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Addiction 101:1760-70. 2006
    ..To examine possible differences between crack users and crack non-users across Canada...
  29. doi request reprint The burden of disease attributable to cannabis use in Canada in 2012
    Sameer Imtiaz
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Canada
    Addiction 111:653-62. 2016
    ....
  30. ncbi request reprint How many people in Canada use prescription opioids non-medically in general and street drug using populations?
    Svetlana Popova
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Can J Public Health 100:104-8. 2009
    ..This study aimed to estimate the number of non-medical prescription opioid (PO) users in the general and street drug using populations in Canada...
  31. ncbi request reprint Illegal drug-attributable morbidity in Canada 2002
    Svetlana Popova
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Rev 26:251-63. 2007
    ..6. A mixture of prevention and harm reduction measures is proposed to reduce the burden of morbidity associated with drug use...
  32. doi request reprint Bipolar disorder and co-occurring cannabis use disorders: characteristics, co-morbidities and clinical correlates
    Shaul Lev-Ran
    Social Aetiology of Mental Illness SAMI CIHR Training Program, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada Addictions Program, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada Electronic address
    Psychiatry Res 209:459-65. 2013
    ..Comprehensive evaluation of patients with bipolar disorder should include a systematic assessment of CUD. ..
  33. doi request reprint Cost of privatisation versus government alcohol retailing systems: Canadian example
    Svetlana Popova
    Public Health and Regulatory Policies, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Rev 31:4-12. 2012
    ..The aim of this study was to estimate the impact of the privatisation of alcohol sales on the burden and direct health-care, law enforcement costs and indirect costs (lost productivity due to disability or premature mortality) in Canada...
  34. pmc Heavy drinking occasions in relation to ischaemic heart disease mortality-- an 11-22 year follow-up of the 1984 and 1995 US National Alcohol Surveys
    Michael Roerecke
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Int J Epidemiol 40:1401-10. 2011
    ..The objective of this study was to investigate the association between heavy drinking occasions and IHD mortality while controlling for average daily alcohol intake and separating former drinkers from lifetime abstainers...
  35. doi request reprint Selected pregnancy and delivery outcomes after exposure to antidepressant medication: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Lori E Ross
    Social and Epidemiological Research Department, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto, ON, Canada
    JAMA Psychiatry 70:436-43. 2013
    ..Untreated depression during pregnancy has been associated with increased morbidity and mortality for both mother and child and, as such, optimal treatment strategies are required for this population...
  36. pmc The relation between different dimensions of alcohol consumption and burden of disease: an overview
    Jurgen Rehm
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Canada
    Addiction 105:817-43. 2010
    ....
  37. doi request reprint Cannabis use and mental health-related quality of life among individuals with anxiety disorders
    Shaul Lev-Ran
    Social Aetiology of Mental Illness SAMI CIHR Training Program, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Anxiety Disord 26:799-810. 2012
    ..Out results highlight the importance of taking into account direct functional and emotional outcomes, as well as frequency of cannabis used, when assessing the impact of cannabis use among individuals with anxiety disorders...
  38. ncbi request reprint Safer injection facilities (SIFs) for injection drug users (IDUs) in Canada. A review and call for an evidence-focused pilot trial
    Benedikt Fischer
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 33 Russell Street, Room 2036, Toronto, ON M5S 2S1
    Can J Public Health 93:336-8. 2002
  39. doi request reprint Determination of lifetime injury mortality risk in Canada in 2002 by drinking amount per occasion and number of occasions
    Benjamin Taylor
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 33 Russell Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Epidemiol 168:1119-25; discussion 1126-31. 2008
    ..Absolute risk reflects long-term effects of drinking patterns and is important for risk-communication and alcohol-control policy...
  40. ncbi request reprint Avoidable burden of disease: conceptual and methodological issues in substance abuse epidemiology
    Jurgen Rehm
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario Canada
    Int J Methods Psychiatr Res 15:181-91. 2006
    ..The impetus to begin refining methods to obtain better starting points for estimating avoidable burden of disease is obvious and should be carried through in order to see real changes through evidence-based policy and intervention...
  41. doi request reprint Avoidable alcohol-attributable criminality and its costs due to selected interventions in Canada
    Jayadeep Patra
    Public Health and Regulatory Policies, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Int J Drug Policy 22:109-19. 2011
    ..Alcohol causes a considerable criminal burden on the Canadian society. The purpose of this study is to estimate the avoidable burden and avoidable costs of alcohol-attributable criminality in Canada for the year 2002...
  42. ncbi request reprint Hepatitis C, illicit drug use and public health: does Canada really have a viable plan?
    Benedikt Fischer
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON
    Can J Public Health 97:485-8. 2006
    ..In order to reduce the HCV disease burden, Canada needs to reconsider the scope, delivery and resourcing of both preventive and treatment interventions targeting the primary risk population of illicit drug users...
  43. ncbi request reprint Smoking-attributable mortality and expected years of life lost in Canada 2002: conclusions for prevention and policy
    Dolly Baliunas
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Chronic Dis Can 27:154-62. 2007
    ..Cigarette smoking is a major contributor to mortality in Canada and its impact on Canadian society continues to be an unacceptable burden...
  44. doi request reprint Alcohol and hypertension: gender differences in dose-response relationships determined through systematic review and meta-analysis
    Benjamin Taylor
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Addiction 104:1981-90. 2009
    ..To analyze the dose-response relationship between average daily alcohol consumption and the risk of hypertension via systematic review and meta-analysis...
  45. ncbi request reprint Moderate alcohol consumption and diseases of the gastrointestinal system: a review of pathophysiological processes
    Benjamin Taylor
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Canada
    Dig Dis 23:177-80. 2005
    ..This review attempts to fill a gap in the literature surrounding moderate alcohol consumption...
  46. doi request reprint Alcohol consumption and the intention to engage in unprotected sex: systematic review and meta-analysis of experimental studies
    Jurgen Rehm
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Canada
    Addiction 107:51-9. 2012
    ..To draw conclusions with respect to the question of whether alcohol has an independent effect on the incidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs)...
  47. doi request reprint Global alcohol exposure estimates by country, territory and region for 2005--a contribution to the Comparative Risk Assessment for the 2010 Global Burden of Disease Study
    Kevin D Shield
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON, Canada Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Addiction 108:912-22. 2013
    ....
  48. doi request reprint Alcohol as a risk factor for liver cirrhosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Jurgen Rehm
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 33 Russell Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Rev 29:437-45. 2010
    ..To address these questions and to provide a quantitative assessment of the association between alcohol intake and risk of liver cirrhosis, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort and case-control studies...
  49. doi request reprint Addiction Research Centres and the Nurturing of Creativity. Substance abuse research in a modern health care centre: the case of the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
    Jurgen Rehm
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Addiction 106:689-97. 2011
    ..We argue for the continuation of this successful model of integrating basic, epidemiological, clinical, health service and prevention research under the roof of a health centre...
  50. ncbi request reprint Moderate alcohol consumption and the gastrointestinal tract
    Benjamin Taylor
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ont, Canada
    Dig Dis 23:170-6. 2005
    ..A high alcohol intake is significantly associated with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, but less is known about the effects of moderate consumption, specifically moderate average volume of alcohol consumption...
  51. doi request reprint Cannabis use and cannabis use disorders among individuals with mental illness
    Shaul Lev-Ran
    Social Aetiology of Mental Illness CIHR Training Program, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Compr Psychiatry 54:589-98. 2013
    ..However, this subject has not been sufficiently investigated, particularly given limitations in diagnostic tools used and lack of data pertaining to frequency of cannabis used...
  52. ncbi request reprint The impact of tobacco tax cuts on smoking initiation among Canadian young adults
    Bo Zhang
    Ontario Tobacco Research Unit, Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    Am J Prev Med 30:474-9. 2006
    ..Using a longitudinal design, this study examined the impact of decreased cigarette price, resulting from tobacco tax cuts, on smoking initiation among Canadian young adults aged 20 to 24 years...
  53. doi request reprint Causal considerations on alcohol and HIV/AIDS--a systematic review
    Paul A Shuper
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 33 Russell Street, Room T 518, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 2S1
    Alcohol Alcohol 45:159-66. 2010
    ..The study aimed to explore the possible causal nature of the association between alcohol consumption and HIV/AIDS...
  54. doi request reprint Alcohol taxation policy in Thailand: implications for other low- to middle-income countries
    Bundit Sornpaisarn
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 33 Russell St, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Addiction 107:1372-84. 2012
    ..This paper aims to encourage a debate on an alternative alcohol taxation approach used currently in Thailand, which aims specifically to prevent drinking initiation in addition to reduce alcohol-attributable harms...
  55. pmc Estimating uncertainty of alcohol-attributable fractions for infectious and chronic diseases
    Gerrit Gmel
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health CAMH 33 Russell Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 2S1, Canada
    BMC Med Res Methodol 11:48. 2011
    ..This paper presents a systematic method to compute the 95% confidence intervals of alcohol-attributable fractions (AAFs) with exposure and risk relations stemming from different sources...
  56. doi request reprint The impact of probable anxiety and mood disorder on self-reported collisions: a population study
    Christine M Wickens
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Social and Epidemiological Research Department, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Affect Disord 145:253-5. 2013
    ..This study examined the association between probable anxiety or mood disorder (AMD) and self-reported collision risk in a large representative sample of the adult population in Ontario...
  57. pmc The effects of capping the alcohol consumption distribution and relative risk functions on the estimated number of deaths attributable to alcohol consumption in the European Union in 2004
    Gerrit Gmel
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health CAMH, Toronto, Canada
    BMC Med Res Methodol 13:24. 2013
    ....
  58. ncbi request reprint The burden of mental illness and addiction in ontario
    Sujitha Ratnasingham
    Epidemiologist, Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, Ontario
    Can J Psychiatry 58:529-37. 2013
    ..Public Health Ontario and the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences have collaborated to estimate the burden of illness attributable to mental disorder and addictions in Ontario...
  59. pmc Alcohol consumption and the risk of morbidity and mortality for different stroke types--a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Jayadeep Patra
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario Canada
    BMC Public Health 10:258. 2010
    ..This meta-analysis is the first to explicitly separate morbidity and mortality of alcohol-attributable stroke and thus has implications for public health and prevention...
  60. doi request reprint Alcohol-attributable burden of disease and injury in Canada, 2004
    Kevin D Shield
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 33 Russell Street, Toronto, ON, M5S 2S1, Canada
    Int J Public Health 57:391-401. 2012
    ..This analysis aimed to estimate the burden of disease and injury caused and prevented by alcohol in 2004 for Canadians aged 0-69 years and compare the effects of different magnitudes of adjustment of survey data on these estimates...
  61. doi request reprint The Economic Burden of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder in Canada in 2013
    Svetlana Popova
    Social and Epidemiological Research Department, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 33 Russell Street, Toronto, ON Canada M5S 2S1 Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, 155 College St, Toronto, ON Canada M5T 3M7 Factor Inwentash Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto, 246 Bloor Street W, Toronto, ON Canada M5S 1V4 Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto, Medical Sciences Building, 1 King s College Circle, Toronto, ON Canada M5S 1A8
    Alcohol Alcohol 51:367-75. 2016
    ..To estimate the economic burden and cost attributable to Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) in Canada in 2013...
  62. pmc Energy Drinks, Alcohol, Sports and Traumatic Brain Injuries among Adolescents
    Gabriela Ilie
    Injury Prevention Research Office, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Canada Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    PLoS ONE 10:e0135860. 2015
    ..Sports injuries have been identified as a main mechanism. Although energy drinks, including those mixed with alcohol, are often used by young athletes and other adolescents they have not been examined in relation to TBI...
  63. ncbi request reprint Prescription drug abuse in Canada and the diversion of prescription drugs into the illicit drug market
    Emma Haydon
    University of Toronto, Toronto, ON
    Can J Public Health 96:459-61. 2005
    ....
  64. pmc Associations between a History of Traumatic Brain Injuries and Current Cigarette Smoking, Substance Use, and Elevated Psychological Distress in a Population Sample of Canadian Adults
    Gabriela Ilie
    1 Injury Prevention Research Office, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Neurotrauma 32:1130-4. 2015
    ....
  65. doi request reprint Substance Use and Related Harms Among Adolescents With and Without Traumatic Brain Injury
    Gabriela Ilie
    St Michael s Hospital, Division of Neurosurgery Drs Ilie and Cusimano, and Social and Epidemiological Research, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health Drs Mann, Hamilton, Adlaf, and Rehm and Ms Boak, Toronto, Ontario, Canada and Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada Dr Asbridge
    J Head Trauma Rehabil 30:293-301. 2015
    ..The relationship between self-reported lifetime traumatic brain injury (TBI) and drug and alcohol use and associated harms was examined using an epidemiological sample of Canadian adolescents...
  66. doi request reprint Reduction of alcohol consumption and subsequent mortality in alcohol use disorders: systematic review and meta-analyses
    Michael Roerecke
    Social and Epidemiological Research Department, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health CAMH, 33 Russell St, Toronto, ON, M5S 2S1, Canada
    J Clin Psychiatry 74:e1181-9. 2013
    ..To determine whether a reduction in drinking in individuals with alcohol use disorders resulted in reduced mortality risk...
  67. doi request reprint People with alcohol use disorders in specialized care in eight different European countries
    Jurgen Rehm
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 33 Russell Street, Toronto, ON M5S 2S1, Canada Addiction Policy, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, 155 College Street, 6th Floor, Toronto, ON M5T 3M7, Canada Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto, Medical Sciences Building, 1 King s College Circle, Room 2374, Toronto, ON M5S 1A8, Canada Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, 250 College Street, 8th Floor, Toronto, ON M5T 1R8, Canada Institute of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy and Center of Clinical Epidemiology and Longitudinal Studies CELOS, Technische Universitat Dresden, Chemnitzer Str 46, 01187 Dresden, Germany
    Alcohol Alcohol 50:310-8. 2015
    ..To provide a description of patients receiving alcohol treatment in eight different European countries, including the level of comorbidities and functional limitations...
  68. pmc The moderating effects of sex and age on the association between traumatic brain injury and harmful psychological correlates among adolescents
    Gabriela Ilie
    Division of Neurosurgery and Injury Prevention Research Office, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Canada
    PLoS ONE 9:e108167. 2014
    ..Although it is well established that sex is a risk factor in acquiring a traumatic brain injury (TBI) among adolescents, it has not been established whether it also moderates the influence of other TBI psychological health correlates...
  69. pmc Avoidable portion of tobacco-attributable acute care hospital days and its cost due to implementation of different intervention strategies in Canada
    Svetlana Popova
    Public Health and Regulatory Policies, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Canada
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 6:2179-92. 2009
    ..Although a sizable reduction in the number of hospital days and accumulated costs could be achieved, overall these interventions would reduce less than 3% of all tobacco-attributable costs in Canada...
  70. ncbi request reprint Comparing alcohol consumption in central and eastern Europe to other European countries
    Svetlana Popova
    Social, Prevention and Health Policy Research Department, Centre for Addiction and Mental Heath, 33 Russell Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Alcohol Alcohol 42:465-73. 2007
    ....
  71. pmc Valuation of health states in the US study to establish disability weights: lessons from the literature
    Jurgen Rehm
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Int J Methods Psychiatr Res 19:18-33. 2010
    ..The US study received the collaboration of experts from more than 20 institutes of the National Institutes of Health and of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. First results will be available by the end of this year...
  72. ncbi request reprint Public opinion towards supervised injection facilities and heroin-assisted treatment in Ontario, Canada
    Michelle Firestone Cruz
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Canada
    Int J Drug Policy 18:54-61. 2007
    ..Given the current political climate and the tentative position of SIFs and HAT in Canada, understanding the public's opinion is crucial for the feasibility and long-term sustainability of these interventions...
  73. doi request reprint Avoidable cost of alcohol abuse in Canada
    Jurgen Rehm
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, CAMH, Toronto, Ont, Canada
    Eur Addict Res 17:72-9. 2011
    ..To estimate avoidable burden and avoidable costs of alcohol abuse in Canada for the year 2002...
  74. pmc Disability associated with alcohol abuse and dependence
    Andriy V Samokhvalov
    Centre forAddiction and Mental Health CAMH, Public Health and Regulatory Policy, 33 Russell Street, Room 2035, Toronto, ON M5S2S1, Canada
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 34:1871-8. 2010
    ..A large part of this burden is because of disability. However, there is still controversy about the best disability weighting for AUD. The objective of this study was to provide an overview of alcohol-related disabilities...
  75. doi request reprint Unrecorded consumption, quality of alcohol and health consequences
    Jurgen Rehm
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 33 Russell Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Rev 29:426-36. 2010
    ..This contribution aims to examine systematically the evidence on the impact of the quality of unrecorded alcohol products on health consequences...
  76. pmc The association between alcohol use, alcohol use disorders and tuberculosis (TB). A systematic review
    Jurgen Rehm
    Public Health and Regulatory Policies, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    BMC Public Health 9:450. 2009
    ..8%) and 2.2% of global burden of disease (men 2.7%; women 1.7%). The present work portrays accumulated evidence on the association between alcohol consumption and TB with the aim to clarify the nature of the relationship...
  77. doi request reprint Artisanal alcohol production in Mayan Guatemala: chemical safety evaluation with special regard to acetaldehyde contamination
    Fotis Kanteres
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health CAMH, 33 Russell Street, ARF 2035, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Sci Total Environ 407:5861-8. 2009
    ....
  78. doi request reprint Alcohol as a correlate of unprotected sexual behavior among people living with HIV/AIDS: review and meta-analysis
    Paul A Shuper
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON, M5S 2S1, Canada
    AIDS Behav 13:1021-36. 2009
    ..These findings have implications for the development of interventions to reduce HIV transmission risk behavior in this population...
  79. pmc Mortality and potential years of life lost attributable to alcohol consumption by race and sex in the United States in 2005
    Kevin D Shield
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    PLoS ONE 8:e51923. 2013
    ..The objective of this article is to estimate premature mortality attributable to alcohol in the US in 2005, differentiated by race, age and sex for people 15 to 64 years of age...
  80. ncbi request reprint Does the association between alcohol consumption and depression depend on how they are measured?
    Kathryn Graham
    Social Factors and Prevention Interventions Section, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Western Ontario, 100 Collip Circle, London, Ontario, Canada
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 31:78-88. 2007
    ....
  81. pmc Alcohol consumption as a risk factor for atrial fibrillation: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Andriy V Samokhvalov
    Public Health and Regulatory Policy Section, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 17:706-12. 2010
    ..The purpose of this contribution was to examine the dose–response relationship between alcohol consumption and AF and to explore potential causal pathways...
  82. pmc Health care burden and cost associated with fetal alcohol syndrome: based on official Canadian data
    Svetlana Popova
    Social and Epidemiological Research Department, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    PLoS ONE 7:e43024. 2012
    ....
  83. doi request reprint Evidence from regression-discontinuity analyses for beneficial effects of a criterion-based increase in alcohol treatment
    Rosely Flam-Zalcman
    Social and Epidemiological Research Department, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Int J Methods Psychiatr Res 22:59-70. 2013
    ..These data suggest that more intensive treatment for alcohol problems may improve results for individuals with more severe problems...
  84. pmc Mortality and potential years of life lost attributable to alcohol consumption in Canada in 2005
    Kevin D Shield
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Canada
    BMC Public Health 12:91. 2012
    ..Accordingly, using new methodology we estimated 1) the number of deaths caused and prevented by alcohol consumption, and 2) the potential years of life lost (PYLLs) attributable to alcohol consumption in Canada in 2005...
  85. doi request reprint Exploring the association between lifetime prevalence of mental illness and transition from substance use to substance use disorders: results from the National Epidemiologic Survey of Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC)
    Shaul Lev-Ran
    Translational Addiction Research Laboratory, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Addict 22:93-8. 2013
    ..This may be important as increased prevalence of substance use among individuals with MI may partially explain the strong association between SUDs and MI...
  86. doi request reprint Anxiety and mood disorders and cannabis use
    Joyce T W Cheung
    Social, Prevention and Health Policy Research, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 36:118-22. 2010
    ..Cannabis use has been linked to anxiety and mood disorders (AMD) in clinical cases, but little research on this relationship has been reported at the epidemiological level...
  87. pmc The cardioprotective association of average alcohol consumption and ischaemic heart disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Michael Roerecke
    Public Health and Regulatory Policies, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 33 Russell Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Addiction 107:1246-60. 2012
    ..The objective was to quantify the dose-response relationship between average alcohol consumption and ischaemic heart disease (IHD) stratified by sex and IHD end-point (mortality versus morbidity)...
  88. ncbi request reprint Non-medical use of prescription opioids among Ontario adults: data from the 2008/2009 CAMH Monitor
    Kevin D Shield
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health CAMH, Toronto, ON
    Can J Public Health 102:330-5. 2011
    ..Thus our objectives are to determine prevalence and associated demographics of 1) prescription opioid analgesics (PO) use, 2) NMPOU, and 3) use of PO for intoxication purposes in the adult population in Ontario...
  89. doi request reprint Social cost of heavy drinking and alcohol dependence in high-income countries
    Satya Mohapatra
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Canada
    Int J Public Health 55:149-57. 2010
    ..A comprehensive review of cost drivers associated with alcohol abuse, heavy drinking, and alcohol dependence for high-income countries was conducted...
  90. pmc Difficulties with telephone-based surveys on alcohol consumption in high-income countries: the Canadian example
    Kevin D Shield
    Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Int J Methods Psychiatr Res 21:17-28. 2012
    ....
  91. pmc Alcohol as a risk factor for type 2 diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis
    Dolly O Baliunas
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Diabetes Care 32:2123-32. 2009
    ..To clarify the dose-response relationship between alcohol consumption and type 2 diabetes...
  92. doi request reprint Alcohol intake revisited: risks and benefits
    Michael Roerecke
    Social and Epidemiological Research Department, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 33 Russell Street, Toronto, ON M5S 2S1, Canada
    Curr Atheroscler Rep 14:556-62. 2012
    ..The net effect of alcohol consumption on health outcomes is detrimental overall, owing to the negative effect of cancers, infectious disease, gastrointestinal diseases, alcohol-use disorders and injuries...
  93. ncbi request reprint Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder prevalence estimates in correctional systems: a systematic literature review
    Svetlana Popova
    Social and Epidemiological Research Department, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON
    Can J Public Health 102:336-40. 2011
    ....
  94. pmc Use and nonmedical use of prescription opioid analgesics in the general population of Canada and correlations with dispensing levels in 2009
    Kevin D Shield
    Centre for Addition and Mental Halth, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Pain Res Manag 18:69-74. 2013
    ..The 2009 Canadian Alcohol and Drug Use Monitoring Survey presents an opportunity to produce more accurate estimates of NMPOU...
  95. pmc Assessing the prevalence of non-medical prescription opioid use in the Canadian general adult population: evidence of large variation depending on survey questions used
    Kevin D Shield
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health CAMH, 33 Russell Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 2S1, Canada
    BMC Psychiatry 13:6. 2013
    ....
  96. ncbi request reprint Comparative quantification of alcohol exposure as risk factor for global burden of disease
    Jurgen Rehm
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 33 Russell Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Int J Methods Psychiatr Res 16:66-76. 2007
    ..The methodology is applied to estimate global alcohol exposure for the year 2002. Finally, assumptions and potential problems of the approach are discussed...
  97. doi request reprint Alcohol consumption and risk of incident human immunodeficiency virus infection: a meta-analysis
    Dolly Baliunas
    University of Toronto, 33 Russell St, Rm 2035, Toronto, ON M5S2S1, Canada
    Int J Public Health 55:159-66. 2010
    ..To analyze the relationship between alcohol consumption and incident HIV infection...
  98. pmc Cost of specialized addiction treatment of clients with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder in Canada
    Svetlana Popova
    Social and Epidemiological Research Department, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 33 Russell St, Toronto, ON M5S 2S1, Canada
    BMC Public Health 13:570. 2013
    ..The purpose of the current study was to estimate the utilization of specialized addiction treatment services (SATS) and the associated cost, as a part of the total cost of health care associated with FASD in Canada...
  99. pmc Should heroin be prescribed to heroin misusers? Yes
    Jurgen Rehm
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON M5S 2S1, Canada
    BMJ 336:70. 2008