Giske Ursin

Summary

Affiliation: Cancer Registry of Norway
Country: Norway

Publications

  1. pmc Variation in inflammatory cytokine/growth-factor genes and mammographic density in premenopausal women aged 50-55
    Ali Ozhand
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 8:e65313. 2013
  2. pmc Food items contributing most to variation in antioxidant intake; a cross-sectional study among Norwegian women
    Samera Azeem Qureshi
    Department of Nutrition, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    BMC Public Health 14:45. 2014
  3. pmc Mammographic density and inter-observer variability of pathologic evaluation of core biopsies among women with mammographic abnormalities
    Pietro Trocchi
    Institute of Clinical Epidemiology, Martin Luther University Halle Wittenberg, Halle Saale, Magdeburger Str 8, Halle Saale 06097, Germany
    BMC Cancer 12:554. 2012
  4. pmc Mammographic screening debate on study design: a need to move the field forward
    Giske Ursin
    Cancer Registry of Norway, Majorstuen, N 0304 Oslo, Norway
    BMC Med 10:164. 2012
  5. pmc Gene expression profiles of breast biopsies from healthy women identify a group with claudin-low features
    Vilde D Haakensen
    Dept of Genetics, Institute for Cancer Research, Oslo University Hospital Radiumhospitalet, Norway
    BMC Med Genomics 4:77. 2011
  6. doi request reprint Effect of reproductive factors and oral contraceptives on breast cancer risk in BRCA1/2 mutation carriers and noncarriers: results from a population-based study
    Eunjung Lee
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, Room 4407, 1441 Eastlake Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 17:3170-8. 2008
  7. pmc Variations in sex hormone metabolism genes, postmenopausal hormone therapy and risk of endometrial cancer
    Pedram Razavi
    Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Int J Cancer 130:1629-38. 2012
  8. pmc Genetic variation in the progesterone receptor gene and risk of endometrial cancer: a haplotype-based approach
    Eunjung Lee
    Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA
    Carcinogenesis 31:1392-9. 2010
  9. pmc Genetic variation in peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma, soy, and mammographic density in Singapore Chinese women
    Eunjung Lee
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, 1441 Eastlake Ave, Norris Cancer Center, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 21:635-44. 2012
  10. pmc Progestogen levels, progesterone receptor gene polymorphisms, and mammographic density changes: results from the Postmenopausal Estrogen/Progestin Interventions Mammographic Density Study
    Eunjung Lee
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Menopause 19:302-10. 2012

Detail Information

Publications63

  1. pmc Variation in inflammatory cytokine/growth-factor genes and mammographic density in premenopausal women aged 50-55
    Ali Ozhand
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 8:e65313. 2013
    ..The potential impact of genetic variation in growth factors and cytokines on MD is largely unknown...
  2. pmc Food items contributing most to variation in antioxidant intake; a cross-sectional study among Norwegian women
    Samera Azeem Qureshi
    Department of Nutrition, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    BMC Public Health 14:45. 2014
    ..We used food frequency data from a population-based sample of women to identify the food items that contributed most to the variation in antioxidant intake in Norwegian diet...
  3. pmc Mammographic density and inter-observer variability of pathologic evaluation of core biopsies among women with mammographic abnormalities
    Pietro Trocchi
    Institute of Clinical Epidemiology, Martin Luther University Halle Wittenberg, Halle Saale, Magdeburger Str 8, Halle Saale 06097, Germany
    BMC Cancer 12:554. 2012
    ..We measured the influence of mammographic density on the inter-observer variability of histopathological findings of breast biopsies...
  4. pmc Mammographic screening debate on study design: a need to move the field forward
    Giske Ursin
    Cancer Registry of Norway, Majorstuen, N 0304 Oslo, Norway
    BMC Med 10:164. 2012
    ..See related Opinion articles http://www.biomedcentral.com/1741-7015/10/106 and http://www.biomedcentral.com/1741-7015/10/163...
  5. pmc Gene expression profiles of breast biopsies from healthy women identify a group with claudin-low features
    Vilde D Haakensen
    Dept of Genetics, Institute for Cancer Research, Oslo University Hospital Radiumhospitalet, Norway
    BMC Med Genomics 4:77. 2011
    ..Increased understanding of the variability in normal breast biology will enable us to identify mechanisms of breast cancer initiation and the origin of different subtypes, and to better predict breast cancer risk...
  6. doi request reprint Effect of reproductive factors and oral contraceptives on breast cancer risk in BRCA1/2 mutation carriers and noncarriers: results from a population-based study
    Eunjung Lee
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, Room 4407, 1441 Eastlake Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 17:3170-8. 2008
    ..However, the effects of these factors in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers are less clear...
  7. pmc Variations in sex hormone metabolism genes, postmenopausal hormone therapy and risk of endometrial cancer
    Pedram Razavi
    Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Int J Cancer 130:1629-38. 2012
    ..Variations in CYP11A1 may modify the effect of ET use on risk of postmenopausal endometrial cancer; however, larger studies are needed to explore these findings further...
  8. pmc Genetic variation in the progesterone receptor gene and risk of endometrial cancer: a haplotype-based approach
    Eunjung Lee
    Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA
    Carcinogenesis 31:1392-9. 2010
    ..We investigated whether genetic variation in PGR is also associated with endometrial cancer risk using a haplotype-based approach...
  9. pmc Genetic variation in peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma, soy, and mammographic density in Singapore Chinese women
    Eunjung Lee
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, 1441 Eastlake Ave, Norris Cancer Center, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 21:635-44. 2012
    ..We investigated the interrelations of soy, PPARγ, and mammographic density, a biomarker of breast cancer risk in a cross-sectional study of 2,038 women who were members of the population-based Singapore Chinese Health Study Cohort...
  10. pmc Progestogen levels, progesterone receptor gene polymorphisms, and mammographic density changes: results from the Postmenopausal Estrogen/Progestin Interventions Mammographic Density Study
    Eunjung Lee
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Menopause 19:302-10. 2012
    ..Here, after adjusting for serum estrone and estrone sulfate levels, we investigated the roles of posttreatment serum progestogen increase and of progesterone receptor gene (PGR) genetic variations on changes in mammographic density...
  11. pmc Hormone metabolism genes and mammographic density in Singapore Chinese women
    Eunjung Lee
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 22:984-6. 2013
    ..We investigated the association between genetic variation in the hormone metabolism and signaling pathway and mammographic density, a strong predictor of breast cancer risk...
  12. pmc The association of polymorphisms in hormone metabolism pathway genes, menopausal hormone therapy, and breast cancer risk: a nested case-control study in the California Teachers Study cohort
    Eunjung Lee
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, 1441 Eastlake Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA
    Breast Cancer Res 13:R37. 2011
    ..It therefore seems plausible that variation in genes involved in metabolism of these hormones may affect breast cancer risk, and that these associations may vary depending on menopausal status and use of hormone therapy...
  13. pmc Age-specific effects of hormone therapy use on overall mortality and ischemic heart disease mortality among women in the California Teachers Study
    Daniel O Stram
    Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    Menopause 18:253-61. 2011
    ..The California Teachers Study questionnaire and mortality data were used to examine whether age modified the association between HT and the relative risk of overall mortality and ischemic heart disease deaths...
  14. doi request reprint Mammographic density and intake of selected nutrients and vitamins in Norwegian women
    Samera Azeem Qureshi
    Department of Nutrition, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Nutr Cancer 63:1011-20. 2011
    ..This study provides some evidence of an association between MD and dietary intake. Our study highlights the importance of adequate adjustments for BMI in studies of diet and MD...
  15. pmc Mitochondrial DNA G10398A variant is not associated with breast cancer in African-American women
    Veronica Wendy Setiawan
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine and Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Cancer Genet Cytogenet 181:16-9. 2008
    ..18, 95% CI = 0.76-1.82, P = 0.46). Our results do not support the hypothesis that the mtDNA G10398A polymorphism is, as has previously been reported, a marker of breast cancer risk in African Americans...
  16. pmc Breast cancer risk and ovariectomy, hysterectomy, and tubal sterilization in the women's contraceptive and reproductive experiences study
    David J Press
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, and Norris Comprehensive Can cer Center, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 173:38-47. 2011
    ..No association with breast cancer risk was observed with tubal sterilization only or partial ovariectomy without hysterectomy. Reproductive organ surgeries may alter ovarian hormone levels, thereby affecting breast cancer risk...
  17. doi request reprint The relative importance of genetics and environment on mammographic density
    Giske Ursin
    Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 18:102-12. 2009
    ..We investigated whether part of the presumed heritability might be attributed to differential sharing of modifiable risk factors in monozygotic (MZ) and dizygotic (DZ) twins...
  18. ncbi request reprint The association of endogenous sex steroids and sex steroid binding proteins with mammographic density: results from the Postmenopausal Estrogen/Progestin Interventions Mammographic Density Study
    Gail A Greendale
    Division of Geriatrics, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1687, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 162:826-34. 2005
    ..These results suggest that some sex steroids may increase the risk of breast cancer by stimulating breast epithelial or stromal proliferation, which appears on a mammogram as higher density...
  19. pmc Two estrogen-related variants in CYP19A1 and endometrial cancer risk: a pooled analysis in the Epidemiology of Endometrial Cancer Consortium
    Veronica Wendy Setiawan
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 18:242-7. 2009
    ..Our study provides evidence that CYP19A1 genetic variation influences susceptibility to endometrial cancer, particularly among older and obese women...
  20. pmc Long-term postmenopausal hormone therapy and endometrial cancer
    Pedram Razavi
    University of Southern California, Department of Preventive Medicine, Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 19:475-83. 2010
    ..These findings confirm that long-term use of ET, sequential EPT, or, among normal weight women, continuous-combined EPT is associated with increased risk of endometrial cancer...
  21. pmc Evaluation of unclassified variants in the breast cancer susceptibility genes BRCA1 and BRCA2 using five methods: results from a population-based study of young breast cancer patients
    Eunjung Lee
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, 1441 Eastlake Avenue, USC Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, Los Angeles, CA 90089 9175, USA
    Breast Cancer Res 10:R19. 2008
    ....
  22. doi request reprint The role of established breast cancer susceptibility loci in mammographic density in young women
    Eunjung Lee
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, 1441 Eastlake Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 17:258-60. 2008
  23. pmc Polymorphisms in genes involved in estrogen and progesterone metabolism and mammographic density changes in women randomized to postmenopausal hormone therapy: results from a pilot study
    Sarah J Lord
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Breast Cancer Res 7:R336-44. 2005
    ..Identifying genetic variants that determine increases in mammographic density in hormone users may be important in understanding hormonal carcinogenesis of the breast...
  24. ncbi request reprint Does mammographic density reflect ethnic differences in breast cancer incidence rates?
    Zhengjia Chen
    Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 159:140-7. 2004
    ..This study suggests that absolute but not percent mammographic density reflects the lower breast cancer incidence rates of Asian Americans in relation to those of African Americans and Whites...
  25. pmc Reproductive factors and breast cancer risk according to joint estrogen and progesterone receptor status: a meta-analysis of epidemiological studies
    Huiyan Ma
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, 1441 Eastlake Avenue 4407, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA
    Breast Cancer Res 8:R43. 2006
    ..This report presents the first meta-analysis of results from epidemiological studies that have investigated parity, age at first birth, breastfeeding, and age at menarche in relation to ER+PR+ and ER-PR- cancer risk...
  26. pmc Genetic variation in transforming growth factor beta 1 and mammographic density in Singapore Chinese women
    Eunjung Lee
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Cancer Res 73:1876-82. 2013
    ..Our data support that TGFB1 genetic variation may be an important genetic determinant of mammographic density measure that predicts breast cancer risk, particularly in nulliparous women...
  27. ncbi request reprint Mammographic density and breast cancer in three ethnic groups
    Giske Ursin
    Department of Preventive Medicine, University of California Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California 90089, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 12:332-8. 2003
    ..Furthermore, our findings suggest that mammographic density is as strong a predictor of risk for African-American and Asian-American women as for white women...
  28. ncbi request reprint Lifetime recreational exercise activity and breast cancer risk among black women and white women
    Leslie Bernstein
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, USC Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 97:1671-9. 2005
    ....
  29. pmc Menopausal hormone therapy and subsequent risk of specific invasive breast cancer subtypes in the California Teachers Study
    Tanmai Saxena
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 19:2366-78. 2010
    ....
  30. pmc Age at last birth in relation to risk of endometrial cancer: pooled analysis in the epidemiology of endometrial cancer consortium
    Veronica Wendy Setiawan
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 176:269-78. 2012
    ..In this large pooled analysis, late age at last birth was independently associated with a reduced risk of endometrial cancer, and the reduced risk persisted for many years...
  31. doi request reprint Alcohol intake and mammographic density in postmenopausal Norwegian women
    Samera Azeem Qureshi
    Department of Nutrition, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 131:993-1002. 2012
    ..There was no effect modification by body mass index, age, or hormone therapy use. We found no evidence of an association between alcohol intake and percent mammographic density...
  32. pmc Serum estradiol levels associated with specific gene expression patterns in normal breast tissue and in breast carcinomas
    Vilde D Haakensen
    Department of Genetics, Institute for Cancer Research, Oslo University Hospital Radiumhospitalet, Oslo, Norway
    BMC Cancer 11:332. 2011
    ..High serum levels of estradiol are associated with increased risk of postmenopausal breast cancer. Little is known about the gene expression in normal breast tissue in relation to levels of circulating serum estradiol...
  33. pmc Breast cancer mortality in participants of the Norwegian Breast Cancer Screening Program
    Solveig Hofvind
    Department of Research, Cancer Registry of Norway, Oslo, Norway Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, Oslo, Norway
    Cancer 119:3106-12. 2013
    ..To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report using individual-based data on invitation and participation to analyze breast cancer mortality among screened and nonscreened women in the program...
  34. doi request reprint Does breast size modify the association between mammographic density and breast cancer risk?
    Anne Stuedal
    Department of Nutrition, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 17:621-7. 2008
    ..S. women. Because African American women have a larger breast size, we assessed whether the association between mammographic density and breast cancer was less apparent in large than in small breasts...
  35. pmc Hormone-related risk factors for breast cancer in women under age 50 years by estrogen and progesterone receptor status: results from a case-control and a case-case comparison
    Huiyan Ma
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, 1441 Eastlake Avenue, USC Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, Los Angeles, California 90089 9175, USA
    Breast Cancer Res 8:R39. 2006
    ..It has been suggested that hormonal risk factors act predominantly on estrogen receptor and progesterone receptor (ER/PR)-positive breast cancers. However, the data have been inconsistent, especially in younger women...
  36. ncbi request reprint Cigarette smoking is not associated with breast cancer risk in young women
    Jennifer Prescott
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 16:620-2. 2007
  37. pmc A case-control study of body mass index and breast cancer risk in white and African-American women
    Paula Berstad
    Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Department of Nutrition, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 19:1532-44. 2010
    ..Limited information is available about African-American women and differences by estrogen and progesterone receptor status...
  38. doi request reprint Hormone therapy use and mammographic density in postmenopausal Norwegian women
    Elisabeth Couto
    Department of Nutrition, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 132:297-305. 2012
    ..A higher mammographic density was found in EPT users compared to never HT users, particularly in women using high-dose NETA regimens. Age and BMI modified the association between EPT use and mammographic density...
  39. pmc Plasma levels of leptin and mammographic density among postmenopausal women: a cross-sectional study
    Anne Stuedal
    Department of Nutrition, University of Oslo, Norway
    Breast Cancer Res 8:R55. 2006
    ..Leptin is a protein produced mainly by adipose tissue and may represent a growth factor in cancer. We examined the association between leptin plasma levels and mammographic density, a biomarker for breast cancer risk...
  40. ncbi request reprint Germ line variation at 8q24 and endometrial cancer risk
    Veronica Wendy Setiawan
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Harlyne Norris Research Tower, 1450 Biggy Street, Room 1504A, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 16:2166-8. 2007
  41. ncbi request reprint Polymorphism in the androgen receptor and mammographic density in women taking and not taking estrogen and progestin therapy
    Elizabeth Osth Lillie
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, 1441 Eastlake Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90089 9175, USA
    Cancer Res 64:1237-41. 2004
    ..4%) than carriers of the more active AR-CAG (25.7%; P = 0.04). Our results raise the question of whether the number of AR-CAG repeats predicts breast cancer risk in estrogen progestin therapy users...
  42. ncbi request reprint Reproductive factors and risk of breast carcinoma in a study of white and African-American women
    Giske Ursin
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089, USA
    Cancer 101:353-62. 2004
    ....
  43. pmc Greatly increased occurrence of breast cancers in areas of mammographically dense tissue
    Giske Ursin
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Breast Cancer Res 7:R605-8. 2005
    ..We addressed this question by studying ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), as revealed by microcalcifications...
  44. pmc Dietary patterns and breast cancer risk in the California Teachers Study cohort
    Lilli B Link
    From Cancer Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY LBL the Cancer Prevention Institute of California, Fremont, CA AJC, CAC, and PLH R the Department of Health Research and Policy, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA CAC and PLH R the Division of Cancer Etiology, Department of Population Sciences, Beckman Research Institute, City of Hope, Duarte, CA LB the Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA DOS and GU the Cancer Registry of Norway, Oslo, Norway GU and the Department of Nutrition, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway GU
    Am J Clin Nutr 98:1524-32. 2013
    ..Evidence that diet is associated with breast cancer risk is inconsistent. Most studies have examined risks associated with specific foods and nutrients, rather than measures of overall diet...
  45. doi request reprint Postmenopausal hormone therapy and the risk of breast cancer in Norway
    Marta Roman
    Cancer Registry of Norway, Oslo, Norway
    Int J Cancer 138:584-93. 2016
    ..In conclusion, use of estradiol-NETA and tibolone preparations is associated with an increased breast cancer risk. ..
  46. doi request reprint Breast cancer incidence trends in Norway--explained by hormone therapy or mammographic screening?
    Solveig Hofvind
    Cancer Registry of Norway, N 0310 Oslo, Norway
    Int J Cancer 130:2930-8. 2012
    ..Both factors likely contributed to the observed trends, and the role of each may vary across age groups...
  47. doi request reprint Influence of individual and combined health behaviors on total and cause-specific mortality in men and women: the United Kingdom health and lifestyle survey
    Elisabeth Kvaavik
    Department of Nutrition, University of Oslo, PO Box 1046 Blindern, N 0316 Oslo, Norway
    Arch Intern Med 170:711-8. 2010
    ..Physical activity, diet, smoking, and alcohol consumption have been shown to be related to mortality. We examined prospectively the individual and combined influence of these risk factors on total and cause-specific mortality...
  48. pmc Genotypes and haplotypes in the insulin-like growth factors, their receptors and binding proteins in relation to plasma metabolic levels and mammographic density
    Margarethe Biong
    Department of Genetics, Institute for Cancer Research, Oslo University Hospital Radiumhospitalet, Montebello 0310, Oslo, Norway
    BMC Med Genomics 3:9. 2010
    ..The associations between genetic polymorphisms in genes from the IGF pathway on mammographic density and circulating levels of IGF1, its binding protein IGFBP3, and their ratio in postmenopausal women are reported here...
  49. ncbi request reprint Post-treatment change in serum estrone predicts mammographic percent density changes in women who received combination estrogen and progestin in the Postmenopausal Estrogen/Progestin Interventions (PEPI) Trial
    Giske Ursin
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, Room 4407, USC Keck School of Medicine, 1441 Eastlake Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA
    J Clin Oncol 22:2842-8. 2004
    ..We determined whether increases in serum estrone as a function of treatment predict increases in mammographic percent density...
  50. ncbi request reprint The association between recreational physical activity and mammographic density
    Conchitina Chato Siozon
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA
    Int J Cancer 119:1695-701. 2006
    ..07) and percent (p for trend = 0.08) mammographic density after adjustment for BMI. Our results suggest that physical activity is not a strong predictor of mammographic density...
  51. pmc Green tea, soy, and mammographic density in Singapore Chinese women
    Anna H Wu
    Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California, 1441 Eastlake Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 17:3358-65. 2008
    ..52). Our findings suggest that both regular green tea and high soy intake may have beneficial effects on the breast; the effect of green tea on PMD may be stronger than the effect of soy...
  52. doi request reprint Evaluation of dietary patterns among Norwegian postmenopausal women using plasma carotenoids as biomarkers
    Marianne S Markussen
    Department of Nutrition, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Br J Nutr 113:672-82. 2015
    ..In conclusion, the healthy dietary pattern, the 'Vegetarian' pattern, is associated with a more favourable profile of the plasma carotenoids than our unhealthy dietary patterns, the 'Western' and 'Continental' patterns...
  53. pmc Expression levels of uridine 5'-diphospho-glucuronosyltransferase genes in breast tissue from healthy women are associated with mammographic density
    Vilde D Haakensen
    Department of Genetics, Institute for Cancer Research, Oslo University Hospital Radiumhospitalet, Oslo, Montebello, NO 0310, Norway
    Breast Cancer Res 12:R65. 2010
    ..However, the biologic correlates of density are little known...
  54. pmc The role of androgens and polymorphisms in the androgen receptor in the epidemiology of breast cancer
    Elizabeth O Lillie
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Breast Cancer Res 5:164-73. 2003
    ..We review the quality of this evidence and conclude with a discussion of how the androgen receptor and testosterone results coincide...
  55. pmc Adenomyosis and endometriosis in the California Teachers Study
    Claire Templeman
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Fertil Steril 90:415-24. 2008
    ..To evaluate the reproductive and lifestyle correlates of a surgically confirmed diagnosis of endometriosis or adenomyosis in a large prospective cohort...
  56. ncbi request reprint Dietary fat and plasma total homocysteine concentrations in 2 adult age groups: the Hordaland Homocysteine Study
    Paula Berstad
    Department of Nutrition, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo, Norway
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:1598-605. 2007
    ..The intake of n-3 (formerly called omega-3) fatty acids (FAs) may be inversely associated with plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) concentrations, but the epidemiologic data are sparse...
  57. pmc Feasibility of self-sampled dried blood spot and saliva samples sent by mail in a population-based study
    Amrit Kaur Sakhi
    Norwegian Institute of Public Health, 0456, Oslo, Norway
    BMC Cancer 15:265. 2015
    ..The aim of the present study was to test the feasibility and response rate of collecting self-sampled DBS and saliva samples in a population-based study of women above 50 years of age...
  58. doi request reprint Positive predictive values by mammographic density and screening mode in the Norwegian Breast Cancer Screening Program
    Nataliia Moshina
    Cancer Registry of Norway, Oslo, Norway Electronic address
    Eur J Radiol 85:248-54. 2016
    ....
  59. doi request reprint Breast cancer susceptibility variants and mammographic density phenotypes in norwegian postmenopausal women
    Merete Ellingjord-Dale
    University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 23:1752-63. 2014
    ..Twin studies have suggested that a large part of the variation in MD is genetically determined. We hypothesized that breast cancer susceptibility variants may affect MD, and that their effects may be modified by nongenetic factors...
  60. ncbi request reprint Associations between polymorphisms in the steroid 5-alpha reductase type II (SRD5A2) gene and benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostate cancer
    Muhammad T Salam
    Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA
    Urol Oncol 23:246-53. 2005
    ..03). Prostate cancer and BPH were not associated with the alanine-49 to threonine single nucleotide polymorphism and the (TA)n repeat. These results suggest that the SRD5A2 gene may play an important role in both BPH and prostate cancer...
  61. ncbi request reprint Alcohol intake and breast cancer risk among young women
    Paula Berstad
    Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Department of Nutrition, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 108:113-20. 2008
    ..Alcohol intake has been consistently associated with breast cancer risk, but the importance of timing of intake and the impact of beverage type are unclear...
  62. ncbi request reprint Plasma levels of enterolactone and percentage mammographic density among postmenopausal women
    Anne Stuedal
    Department of Nutrition, University of Oslo, Norway
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 14:2154-9. 2005
    ..Enterolactone has been shown to have weak estrogenic and antiestrogenic properties. We decided to examine the association between plasma levels of enterolactone and mammographic density, a biomarker for breast cancer risk...
  63. pmc Genetic determinants of mammographic density
    Christopher A Haiman
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089, USA
    Breast Cancer Res 4:R5. 2002
    ..Changes in breast density are highly correlated with steroid hormone exposure...