Girmay Medhin

Summary

Publications

  1. pmc Clinical course and outcome of schizophrenia in a predominantly treatment-naive cohort in rural Ethiopia
    Atalay Alem
    Medical Faculty, Department of Psychiatry, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Schizophr Bull 35:646-54. 2009
  2. pmc Prevalence and predictors of undernutrition among infants aged six and twelve months in Butajira, Ethiopia: the P-MaMiE Birth Cohort
    Girmay Medhin
    Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    BMC Public Health 10:27. 2010
  3. pmc The effect of maternal common mental disorders on infant undernutrition in Butajira, Ethiopia: the P-MaMiE study
    Girmay Medhin
    Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    BMC Psychiatry 10:32. 2010
  4. pmc Assessment of community's knowledge, attitude and practice about onchocerciasis and community directed treatment with Ivermectin in Quara District, north western Ethiopia
    Fitsum Weldegebreal
    Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Haramaya University, College of Health and Medical Science, Harar, Ethiopia
    Parasit Vectors 7:98. 2014
  5. pmc Re-evaluation of microscopy confirmed Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax malaria by nested PCR detection in southern Ethiopia
    Seleshi Kebede Mekonnen
    Institute of Tropical Medicine, University of Tubingen, Wilhelmstraße 27, 72074 Tubingen, Germany
    Malar J 13:48. 2014
  6. pmc Perception of high school students on risk for acquiring HIV and utilization of voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) service for HIV in Debre-berhan Town, Ethiopia: a quantitative cross-sectional study
    Solomon Sisay
    Department of Public Health, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Addis Ababa Science and Technology University, P, O, Box 16417, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    BMC Res Notes 7:518. 2014
  7. pmc A pilot study of depression among older people in Rawalpindi, Pakistan
    Farah Qadir
    Department of Behavioural Sciences, Fatima Jinnah Women University, The Mall, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
    BMC Res Notes 7:409. 2014
  8. pmc Community knowledge, attitude, and practices towards tuberculosis in Shinile town, Somali regional state, eastern Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study
    Daniel Tolossa
    Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, Jig jiga Health Sciences College, P, O, Box 504, Jig jiga, Ethiopia
    BMC Public Health 14:804. 2014
  9. pmc Determinants of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in patients who underwent first-line treatment in Addis Ababa: a case control study
    Selamawit Hirpa
    College of Health Sciences, Adama Science and Technology University, P, O, Box 396, Adama, Ethiopia
    BMC Public Health 13:782. 2013
  10. pmc Neisseria gonorrhoeae non-susceptible to cephalosporins and quinolones in Northwest Ethiopia
    Martha Tibebu
    Department of Medical Microbiology, Immunology and Parasitology, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
    BMC Infect Dis 13:415. 2013

Detail Information

Publications83

  1. pmc Clinical course and outcome of schizophrenia in a predominantly treatment-naive cohort in rural Ethiopia
    Atalay Alem
    Medical Faculty, Department of Psychiatry, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Schizophr Bull 35:646-54. 2009
    ..Improving access to treatment may be the logical next step to improve outcome of schizophrenia in this setting...
  2. pmc Prevalence and predictors of undernutrition among infants aged six and twelve months in Butajira, Ethiopia: the P-MaMiE Birth Cohort
    Girmay Medhin
    Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    BMC Public Health 10:27. 2010
    ..Child undernutrition is a major public health problem in low income countries. Prospective studies of predictors of infant growth in rural low-income country settings are relatively scarce but vital to guide intervention efforts...
  3. pmc The effect of maternal common mental disorders on infant undernutrition in Butajira, Ethiopia: the P-MaMiE study
    Girmay Medhin
    Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    BMC Psychiatry 10:32. 2010
    ..Although maternal common mental disorder (CMD) appears to be a risk factor for infant undernutrition in South Asian countries, the position in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is unclear..
  4. pmc Assessment of community's knowledge, attitude and practice about onchocerciasis and community directed treatment with Ivermectin in Quara District, north western Ethiopia
    Fitsum Weldegebreal
    Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Haramaya University, College of Health and Medical Science, Harar, Ethiopia
    Parasit Vectors 7:98. 2014
    ..In this study, we have assessed the level of knowledge, attitude and practice of Quara district residents about onchocerciasis and the current control strategies in the area...
  5. pmc Re-evaluation of microscopy confirmed Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax malaria by nested PCR detection in southern Ethiopia
    Seleshi Kebede Mekonnen
    Institute of Tropical Medicine, University of Tubingen, Wilhelmstraße 27, 72074 Tubingen, Germany
    Malar J 13:48. 2014
    ..The present study evaluated the performance of regular microscopy in accurate identification of Plasmodium spp. in febrile patients visiting health facilities in southern Ethiopia...
  6. pmc Perception of high school students on risk for acquiring HIV and utilization of voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) service for HIV in Debre-berhan Town, Ethiopia: a quantitative cross-sectional study
    Solomon Sisay
    Department of Public Health, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Addis Ababa Science and Technology University, P, O, Box 16417, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    BMC Res Notes 7:518. 2014
    ..Thus, the aim of the study was to assess the extent of perception risk of HIV and utilization of voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) service among high school students at Debre-berhan Town, Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia...
  7. pmc A pilot study of depression among older people in Rawalpindi, Pakistan
    Farah Qadir
    Department of Behavioural Sciences, Fatima Jinnah Women University, The Mall, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
    BMC Res Notes 7:409. 2014
    ..The objectives of the present study are to report the magnitude of depression among elderly having two different residential arrangements and to examine the association of depression and its established demographic factors...
  8. pmc Community knowledge, attitude, and practices towards tuberculosis in Shinile town, Somali regional state, eastern Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study
    Daniel Tolossa
    Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, Jig jiga Health Sciences College, P, O, Box 504, Jig jiga, Ethiopia
    BMC Public Health 14:804. 2014
    ..Therefore, the current study was undertaken in Shinile town with the objective of assessing communities' knowledge, attitude and practices towards TB...
  9. pmc Determinants of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in patients who underwent first-line treatment in Addis Ababa: a case control study
    Selamawit Hirpa
    College of Health Sciences, Adama Science and Technology University, P, O, Box 396, Adama, Ethiopia
    BMC Public Health 13:782. 2013
    ..Ethiopia is 15th among the 27 MDR-TB high-burden countries. This study identifies factors associated with the occurrence of MDR-TB in patients who underwent first-line TB treatment in Addis Ababa City...
  10. pmc Neisseria gonorrhoeae non-susceptible to cephalosporins and quinolones in Northwest Ethiopia
    Martha Tibebu
    Department of Medical Microbiology, Immunology and Parasitology, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
    BMC Infect Dis 13:415. 2013
    ..The objective of this study was to analyze the antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of N. gonorrhoeae in Northwest Ethiopia...
  11. pmc Seroepidemiological study of ovine toxoplasmosis in East and West Shewa Zones of Oromia Regional State, Central Ethiopia
    Endrias Zewdu Gebremedhin
    Department of Veterinary Laboratory Technology, Faculty of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences, Ambo University, P O Box 19, Ambo, Ethiopia
    BMC Vet Res 9:117. 2013
    ..gondii seropositivity. Association of seroprevalence with potential risk factors related to altitude, host and farm characteristics were analyzed by univariable and multivariable logistic regression...
  12. pmc Community's knowledge, attitudes and practices about tuberculosis in Itang Special District, Gambella Region, South Western Ethiopia
    Jango Bati
    Gambella Teachers Education and Health Science College, Gambella, Ethiopia
    BMC Public Health 13:734. 2013
    ..The objective of this study was to assess the level of TB knowledge, attitudes and practices of rural communities of Itang Special District of the Gambella Regional State of Ethiopia...
  13. pmc Seroepidemiology of Toxoplasma gondii infection in women of child-bearing age in central Ethiopia
    Endrias Zewdu Gebremedhin
    Ambo University, Faculty of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences, Department of Veterinary Laboratory Technology, P O Box 19, Ambo, Ethiopia
    BMC Infect Dis 13:101. 2013
    ..The current study was conducted with the objectives of estimating the seroprevalence and potential risk factors in acquiring T. gondii infection by women of child-bearing age in Central Ethiopia...
  14. pmc Prevalence of Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) among visitors of Shashemene General Hospital voluntary counseling and testing center
    Asfaw Negero
    Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    BMC Res Notes 4:35. 2011
    ..The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and its risk factors, among individuals visiting Shashemene General Hospital VCT center...
  15. pmc Cryptosporidium and Strongyloides stercoralis infections among people with and without HIV infection and efficiency of diagnostic methods for Strongyloides in Yirgalem Hospital, southern Ethiopia
    Amde Getaneh
    Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia
    BMC Res Notes 3:90. 2010
    ..The present study was designed to determine the prevalence of Cryptosporidium and Strongyloides stercoralis infections among people with and without HIV infection and also assess the efficient methods for detection of Strongyloides...
  16. pmc Male gender preference, female gender disadvantage as risk factors for psychological morbidity in Pakistani women of childbearing age - a life course perspective
    Farah Qadir
    Department of Behavioural Sciences, Fatima Jinnah Women University, Rawalpindi, 46000, Pakistan
    BMC Public Health 11:745. 2011
    ..The prevalence of psychological morbidity is exceptionally high among women. We hypothesise that, among women of childbearing age, gender disadvantage is an independent risk factor for psychological morbidity..
  17. pmc Maternal common mental disorders and infant development in Ethiopia: the P-MaMiE Birth Cohort
    Chiara Servili
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Italy
    BMC Public Health 10:693. 2010
    ..In low- and middle-income countries (LAMICs), perinatal CMD is inconsistently associated with infant development, but the impact of severity and persistence has not been examined...
  18. pmc Knowledge and perception of pulmonary tuberculosis in pastoral communities in the middle and Lower Awash Valley of Afar region, Ethiopia
    Mengistu Legesse
    Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    BMC Public Health 10:187. 2010
    ..In this study, we assessed the knowledge and perception of apparently healthy individuals about pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) in pastoral communities of Afar...
  19. pmc Intestinal parasitic infections in relation to HIV/AIDS status, diarrhea and CD4 T-cell count
    Shimelis Assefa
    Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Gondar University, PO Box 196 Gondar, Ethiopia
    BMC Infect Dis 9:155. 2009
    ..Hence, this study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection among people with and without HIV infection and its association with diarrhea and CD4 T-cell count...
  20. doi request reprint Five-year clinical course and outcome of schizophrenia in Ethiopia
    Solomon Teferra
    Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Schizophr Res 136:137-42. 2012
    ..We reported the short-term follow-up which showed unfavorable outcome. We followed-up the cohort further to determine the 5-year outcome of schizophrenia and to compare the results with the WHO reports...
  21. pmc Perinatal mental distress and infant morbidity in Ethiopia: a cohort study
    Joanna Ross
    Faculty of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 96:F59-64. 2011
    ....
  22. pmc Frequent use of paracetamol and risk of allergic disease among women in an Ethiopian population
    Alemayehu Amberbir
    School of Public Health, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    PLoS ONE 6:e22551. 2011
    ..However, in studies based in developed countries, the possibility that paracetamol and asthma are associated through aspirin avoidance is difficult to exclude...
  23. pmc Trimethoprim as adjuvant treatment in schizophrenia: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial
    Teshome Shibre
    Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Schizophr Bull 36:846-51. 2010
    ....
  24. pmc Development of a scalable mental healthcare plan for a rural district in Ethiopia
    Abebaw Fekadu
    Abebaw Fekadu, MD, PhD, MRCPsych, Department of Psychiatry, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Department of Psychological Medicine, Centre for Affective Disorders, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience and Centre for Global Mental Health, Health Services and Population Research Department, King s College London, London, UK Charlotte Hanlon, PhD, MRCPsych, Department of Psychiatry, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and Centre for Global Mental Health, Health Services and Population Research Department, King s College London, London, UK Girmay Medhin, PhD, Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Atalay Alem, MD, PhD, Medhin Selamu, MA, Department of Psychiatry, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Tedla W Giorgis, PhD, Federal Ministry of Health of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, Fukui
    Br J Psychiatry 208:s4-12. 2016
    ..Developing evidence for the implementation and scaling up of mental healthcare in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) like Ethiopia is an urgent priority...
  25. pmc Non-fatal suicidal behaviour in rural Ethiopia: a cross-sectional facility- and population-based study
    Abebaw Fekadu
    Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    BMC Psychiatry 16:75. 2016
    ....
  26. pmc Suicide and suicide attempts in people with severe mental disorders in Butajira, Ethiopia: 10 year follow-up of a population-based cohort
    Teshome Shibre
    Department of Psychiatry, Addis Ababa University, College of Health Sciences, School of Medicine, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    BMC Psychiatry 14:150. 2014
    ..However, research into suicide attempts and completed suicide in people with SMD in low- and middle-income countries is mostly limited to patients attending psychiatric facilities where selection bias is likely to be high...
  27. pmc Community-based cross-sectional survey of latent tuberculosis infection in Afar pastoralists, Ethiopia, using QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube and tuberculin skin test
    Mengistu Legesse
    Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    BMC Infect Dis 11:89. 2011
    ..In this study, the prevalence of LTBI in the Afar pastoral community was assessed using QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube (QFTGIT) and tuberculin skin tests (TST)...
  28. doi request reprint Effect of Helicobacter pylori infection on growth trajectories in young Ethiopian children: a longitudinal study
    Bineyam Taye
    Colgate University, Department of Biology, 214 Olin Hall, 13 Oak Dr, Hamilton, NY, 13346, USA School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Electronic address
    Int J Infect Dis 50:57-66. 2016
    ..The possible effects of H. pylori infection on growth trajectories were examined in a cohort of young Ethiopian children...
  29. pmc Malaria and related outcomes in patients with intestinal helminths: a cross-sectional study
    Abraham Degarege
    Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, PO Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    BMC Infect Dis 12:291. 2012
    ..The effects of helminth co-infection on malaria in humans remain uncertain. This study aimed to evaluate the nature of association of intestinal helminths with prevalence and clinical outcomes of Plasmodium infection...
  30. doi request reprint Association of the level of IFN-γ produced by T cells in response to Mycobacterium tuberculosis-specific antigens with the size of skin test indurations among individuals with latent tuberculosis in a highly tuberculosis-endemic setting
    Mengistu Legesse
    Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Int Immunol 24:71-8. 2012
    ..001). In conclusion, the results of this study could provide indirect evidence for the prognostic use of the QFTGIT assay for progression of Mtb infection, though prospective follow-up studies are needed to provide direct evidence...
  31. pmc The role of acetaminophen and geohelminth infection on the incidence of wheeze and eczema: a longitudinal birth-cohort study
    Alemayehu Amberbir
    School of Public Health, Addis Ababa University, PO Box 80596, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 183:165-70. 2011
    ..Acetaminophen has been hypothesized to increase the risk of asthma and allergic disease, and geohelminth infection to reduce the risk, but evidence from longitudinal cohort studies is lacking...
  32. doi request reprint Excess mortality in severe mental illness: 10-year population-based cohort study in rural Ethiopia
    Abebaw Fekadu
    Abebaw Fekadu, MD, MSc, MRCPsych, PhD, Department of Psychiatry, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and King s College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, Department of Psychological Medicine, Centre for Affective Disorders, London, UK Girmay Medhin, MSc, PhD, Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Derege Kebede, MD, DSC, WHO Regional Office for Africa, Brazzaville, Republic of Congo Atalay Alem, MD, PhD, Department of Psychiatry, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Anthony J Cleare, Bsc, MBBS, MRCPsych, PhD, King s College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, Department of Psychological Medicine
    Br J Psychiatry 206:289-96. 2015
    ..Evidence on mortality in severe mental illness (SMI) comes primarily from clinical samples in high-income countries...
  33. doi request reprint Treatment outcome of tuberculosis patients under directly observed treatment in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Belete Getahun
    Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Armauer Hansen Research Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Braz J Infect Dis 17:521-8. 2013
    ..However, in many resource-constrained settings treatment outcome for tuberculosis has not been satisfactory...
  34. pmc Five-year mortality in a cohort of people with schizophrenia in Ethiopia
    Solomon Teferra
    Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    BMC Psychiatry 11:165. 2011
    ..Both natural and unnatural causes were reported. However, there is dearth of evidence from low and middle income (LAMIC) countries, particularly in Africa. To our knowledge this is the first community based report from Africa...
  35. pmc Pathology of camel tuberculosis and molecular characterization of its causative agents in pastoral regions of Ethiopia
    Gezahegne Mamo
    Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Addis Ababa University, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia
    PLoS ONE 6:e15862. 2011
    ..And hence further identification and characterization of these species would be useful towards the efforts made to control TB in camels...
  36. pmc Preliminary investigation of the transmission of tuberculosis between farmers and their cattle in smallholder farms in northwestern Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study
    Anwar Nuru
    Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, P O Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    BMC Res Notes 10:31. 2017
    ..This study aimed to investigate the transmission of TB between farmers and their cattle in smallholder farms in northwestern Ethiopia...
  37. pmc Equitable access to integrated primary mental healthcare for people with severe mental disorders in Ethiopia: a formative study
    Maji Hailemariam
    College of Health Sciences, School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Int J Equity Health 15:121. 2016
    ..The aim of this study was to inform delivery of a new primary care-based mental health service in rural Ethiopia by identifying potential barriers to equitable access to mental healthcare and strategies to overcome them...
  38. pmc Developing a mental health care plan in a low resource setting: the theory of change approach
    Maji Hailemariam
    Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, PO Box 9086, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    BMC Health Serv Res 15:429. 2015
    ..The work was part of a cross-country study, the Programme for Improving Mental Health Care (PRIME) which focuses on developing evidence on the integration of mental health in to primary care...
  39. pmc Task sharing for the care of severe mental disorders in a low-income country (TaSCS): study protocol for a randomised, controlled, non-inferiority trial
    Charlotte Hanlon
    Addis Ababa University, College of Health Sciences, School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Trials 17:76. 2016
    ..However, the effectiveness, acceptability, feasibility and sustainability of this service model for people with a severe mental disorder (SMD) have not been evaluated in a low-income country...
  40. doi request reprint Community-based prevalence of undiagnosed mycobacterial diseases in the Afar Region, north-east Ethiopia
    Mengistu Legesse
    Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia Department of Community Medicine, Institute for Health and Society, University of Oslo, Norway Electronic address
    Int J Mycobacteriol 2:94-102. 2013
    ..Information on the community-based prevalence of tuberculosis (TB) in different settings is vital for planning, execution and evaluation of strategies to control the disease...
  41. pmc Beyond the biomedical: community resources for mental health care in rural Ethiopia
    Medhin Selamu
    Department of Psychiatry, College of Health Sciences, School of Medicine, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    PLoS ONE 10:e0126666. 2015
    ..Resource mapping can be informative in developing complex mental health interventions, particularly in settings with limited formal mental health resources...
  42. pmc Transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis between farmers and cattle in central Ethiopia
    Gobena Ameni
    Animal Health and Zoonotic Research Unit, Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia TB Research Team, Armauer Hansen Research Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    PLoS ONE 8:e76891. 2013
    ..Transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) complex could be possible between farmers and their cattle in Ethiopia...
  43. doi request reprint Evaluation of urine-circulating cathodic antigen (Urine-CCA) cassette test for the detection of Schistosoma mansoni infection in areas of moderate prevalence in Ethiopia
    Berhanu Erko
    Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Trop Med Int Health 18:1029-35. 2013
    ..To evaluate the diagnostic performance of antigen detecting urine-CCA cassette test for the detection of Schistosoma mansoni infection in areas of moderate prevalence in Ethiopia...
  44. pmc Knowledge of cervical tuberculosis lymphadenitis and its treatment in pastoral communities of the Afar region, Ethiopia
    Mengistu Legesse
    Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    BMC Public Health 11:157. 2011
    ..Raw milk is considered the main source of Mb infection and raw milk is a major food source for Afar pastoralists. The aim of this study was to assess Afar pastoralists' knowledge concerning cervical TBL and its treatment...
  45. pmc Development and validation of a contextual measure of functioning for people living with severe mental disorders in rural Africa
    Kassahun Habtamu
    Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, P O Box 1176, Ethiopia
    BMC Psychiatry 16:311. 2016
    ..The aim of this study was to develop a measure of functioning for people with SMD which is contextually appropriate for a rural African setting...
  46. doi request reprint Evaluation of the GenoType MTBDRplus assay for detection of rifampicin- and isoniazid-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates in central Ethiopia
    Zufan Bedewi Omer
    Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Department of Microbial, Cellular and Molecular Biology, College of Natural Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Department of Biology, College of Natural Science and Computational Science, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia Electronic address
    Int J Mycobacteriol 5:475-481. 2016
    ..tuberculosis isolates. This study was carried out to evaluate the performance of the GenoType MTBDRplus assay for the detection of RIF- and INH-resistant M. tuberculosis isolates in central Ethiopia...
  47. pmc Evaluation of district mental healthcare plans: the PRIME consortium methodology
    Mary J De Silva
    Mary J De Silva, MSc, PhD, Sujit D Rathod, MSc, PhD, Centre for Global Mental Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK Charlotte Hanlon, MRCPsych, PhD, Department of Psychiatry, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and Centre for Global Mental Health, Health Services and Population Research Department, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King s College London, London, UK Erica Breuer, MPH, Alan J Flisher Centre for Public Mental Health, Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa Dan Chisholm, PhD, Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland Abebaw Fekadu, MD, PhD, MRCPsych, Department of Psychiatry, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and Department of Psychological Medicine
    Br J Psychiatry 208:s63-70. 2016
    ..Few studies have evaluated the implementation and impact of real-world mental health programmes delivered at scale in low-resource settings...
  48. pmc Hazardous alcohol use and associated factors in a rural Ethiopian district: a cross-sectional community survey
    Solomon Teferra
    Department of Psychiatry, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    BMC Public Health 16:218. 2016
    ....
  49. pmc QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube test conversions and reversions among tuberculosis patients and their household contacts in Addis Ababa: a one year follow-up study
    Mulugeta Belay
    Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, P O Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    BMC Infect Dis 14:654. 2014
    ..As part of a major project to study immune responses to TB infection, we investigated QFT-GIT test conversions and reversions among smear positive pulmonary TB patients and their household contacts over 12 months...
  50. pmc Population level mental distress in rural Ethiopia
    Abebaw Fekadu
    Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, PO Box 9086, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    BMC Psychiatry 14:194. 2014
    ....
  51. pmc Adjuvant therapy with minocycline for schizophrenia (The MINOS Trial): study protocol for a double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial
    Abebaw Fekadu
    Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Trials 14:406. 2013
    ..In this study we aim to assess the efficacy of adjunctive minocycline to alleviate symptoms of schizophrenia in patients who have failed to respond to a therapeutic trial of antipsychotic medications...
  52. pmc Day-to-day fluctuation of point-of-care circulating cathodic antigen test scores and faecal egg counts in children infected with Schistosoma mansoni in Ethiopia
    Abraham Degarege
    Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    BMC Infect Dis 14:210. 2014
    ..In this study, the magnitude of day-to-day variation in urine-CCA test scores and in faecal egg counts was evaluated in school children in Ethiopia...
  53. doi request reprint Malaria and helminth co-infection and nutritional status of febrile patients in Southern Ethiopia
    Abraham Degarege
    Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, P O Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Electronic address
    J Infect Public Health 7:32-7. 2014
    ..This study aimed to compare the prevalence of undernutrition in patients infected with either Plasmodium or helminths and those co-infected with the two types of parasites...
  54. pmc Diagnosis of latent tuberculosis infection in healthy young adults in a country with high tuberculosis burden and BCG vaccination at birth
    Alemnew F Dagnew
    Armauer Hansen Research Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    BMC Res Notes 5:415. 2012
    ..The aim of this study was therefore to evaluate the use of QFT-GIT assay as compared with TST in the diagnosis of LTBI in Ethiopia, a country with a high burden of TB and routine BCG vaccination at birth...
  55. pmc Tuberculosis in Goats and Sheep in Afar Pastoral Region of Ethiopia and Isolation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from Goat
    Gezahegne Mamo Kassa
    Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, P O Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Vet Med Int 2012:869146. 2012
    ....
  56. ncbi request reprint Serum antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii and Herpesvidae family viruses in individuals with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder: a case-control study
    Yared Tedla
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia, P O Box 9086
    Ethiop Med J 49:211-20. 2011
    ..Recent etiological studies for schizophrenia and bipolar disorder have focused on the protozoan Toxoplasma gondii and Herpesvirdae family viruses...
  57. ncbi request reprint Population norms for the mini-mental state examination in Ethiopia
    Seid Ali Gugssa
    Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia
    Ethiop Med J 49:239-47. 2011
    ..The cut off scores developed and used elsewhere may result in falsely high number of screen positives in our setup...
  58. doi request reprint Equine histoplasmosis: treatment trial in cart horses in Central Ethiopia
    Birhanu Hadush
    Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, Mekelle University, P O Box 231, Mekelle, Ethiopia
    Trop Anim Health Prod 40:407-11. 2008
    ..34, P = 0.004) or "Endod" and Penstrip (F = 3.64, P = 0.031) demonstrated significant response. The difference in response to treatment between early and advanced cases of EH was statistically significant (t = 2.22, P = 0.0148)...
  59. ncbi request reprint Knowledge and use of medicinal plants by people around Debre Libanos monastery in Ethiopia
    Tilahun Teklehaymanot
    Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, P O Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    J Ethnopharmacol 111:271-83. 2007
    ..This may result in the long run in loss of local knowledge in the surrounding area and the country at large for preparation of pharmacologically effective remedies...
  60. pmc Prevalence of intestinal helminth infection among school children in Maksegnit and Enfranz Towns, northwestern Ethiopia, with emphasis on Schistosoma mansoni infection
    Fikru Gashaw
    Department of Biology, Kotebe University College, P O Box 31248, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Parasit Vectors 8:567. 2015
    ..This study, therefore, aims to assess the magnitude of schistosomiasis mansoni and soil-transmitted helminthiasis in Maksegnit and Enfranz Towns, northwestern Ethiopia...
  61. pmc Return of chloroquine-sensitive Plasmodium falciparum parasites and emergence of chloroquine-resistant Plasmodium vivax in Ethiopia
    Seleshi Kebede Mekonnen
    Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Malar J 13:244. 2014
    ..falciparum and pvmdr1 gene in Plasmodium vivax in Southern and Eastern Ethiopia...
  62. doi request reprint Violence and violent victimization in people with severe mental illness in a rural low-income country setting: a comparative cross-sectional community study
    Ruth Tsigebrhan
    Addis Ababa University, College of Health Sciences, School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Electronic address
    Schizophr Res 152:275-82. 2014
    ..Violence perpetrated by and against people with severe mental illness (SMI) is important but rarely investigated in low- and middle income countries...
  63. ncbi request reprint Malaria microscopy performance in self-presenting febrile patients at four health facilities in Fentale district of East Shewa, Ethiopia
    Markos Sleshi
    Ethiopian Health and Nutrition Research Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Ethiop Med J 50:315-24. 2012
    ..vivax co-exist in Ethiopia. Thus, evaluation of regular malaria microscopy performance is needed...
  64. pmc Mortality and associated risk factors in a cohort of tuberculosis patients treated under DOTS programme in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Belete Getahun
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Jimma University, College of Public Health and Medical Science, Ethiopia, Addis Ababa
    BMC Infect Dis 11:127. 2011
    ..The objective of the study is to determine the magnitude and identify risk factors associated with time to death among TB patients treated under DOTS programme in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia...
  65. pmc Prevalence and risk factors for soil-transmitted helminth infection in mothers and their infants in Butajira, Ethiopia: a population based study
    Yeshambel Belyhun
    Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    BMC Public Health 10:21. 2010
    ..We therefore investigated the prevalence of and risk factors for STH infection in mothers and their one year-old children living in Butajira town and surrounding rural areas in southern Ethiopia...
  66. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of pilot control trial of intestinal schistosomiasis in the Finchaa Sugar Estate, Ethiopia
    Berhanu Erko
    Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, P O Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Ethiop Med J 41:141-50. 2003
    ....
  67. pmc Antenatal depressive symptoms and maternal health care utilisation: a population-based study of pregnant women in Ethiopia
    Tesera Bitew
    Department of Psychiatry, College of Health Sciences School of Medicine, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 16:301. 2016
    ..This paper investigates whether maternal health care utilisation varies as a function of antenatal depressive symptoms...
  68. pmc Efficacy and Safety of 'Fixed Dose' versus 'Loose' Drug Regimens for Treatment of Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Two High TB-Burden African Countries: A Randomized Controlled Trial
    Abraham Aseffa
    Armauer Hansen Research Institute AHRI, ALERT Compound, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    PLoS ONE 11:e0157434. 2016
    ....
  69. pmc Effect of early and current Helicobacter pylori infection on the risk of anaemia in 6.5-year-old Ethiopian children
    Bineyam Taye
    School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, PO Box 80596, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    BMC Infect Dis 15:270. 2015
    ..pylori) may cause anaemia, but evidence is lacking from low income countries.We examined associations between H. pylori infection in early childhood and anaemia at the age of 6.5 years in an Ethiopian birth cohort...
  70. pmc Genetic Diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex Isolated from Tuberculosis Patients in Bahir Dar City and Its Surroundings, Northwest Ethiopia
    Anwar Nuru
    Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, P O Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Gondar, P O Box 346, Gondar, Ethiopia
    Biomed Res Int 2015:174732. 2015
    ..tuberculosis are causing the disease in the area while isolation of M. bovis could suggest its zoonotic potential. Additionally, identification of M. africanum requires further confirmation by tools with a better discriminatory power...
  71. pmc Challenges and opportunities for implementing integrated mental health care: a district level situation analysis from five low- and middle-income countries
    Charlotte Hanlon
    Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Centre for Global Mental Health, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 9:e88437. 2014
    ..The purpose was to inform development and implementation of a comprehensive district plan to integrate mental health into primary care...
  72. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of alebendazole and mebendazole in the treatment of Ascaris and Trichuris infections
    Mengistu Legesse
    Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, P O Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Ethiop Med J 40:335-43. 2002
    ..In conclusion, mebendazole appears to be safer and more effective for the treatment of single or mixed infections with Trichuris trichiura and Ascaris lumbricoides as compared to albendazole...
  73. pmc Fecal prevalence, serotype distribution and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonellae in dairy cattle in central Ethiopia
    Tadesse Eguale
    Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, P O Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    BMC Microbiol 16:20. 2016
    ..Despite a large number of small-scale dairy farms in Addis Ababa and its surrounding districts, little is known about the status of Salmonella in these farms...
  74. pmc Clinico-epidemiological study of Schistosomiasis mansoni in Waja-Timuga, District of Alamata, northern Ethiopia
    Nigus Abebe
    Addis Ababa University, Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Parasit Vectors 7:158. 2014
    ..Hence, a community based cross sectional study was conducted from December 2011 to March 2012 to assess prevalence of infection and schistosomal periportal fibrosis in Waja-Timuga, northern Ethiopia...
  75. doi request reprint Association of ABO blood group and P. falciparum malaria related outcomes: a cross-sectional study in Ethiopia
    Abraham Degarege
    Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, P O Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Acta Trop 123:164-9. 2012
    ..In conclusion, individuals with blood group A had higher risk of anaemia compared to those with O and non-A phenotypes among P. falciparum malaria patients. However, there is a need to investigate the mechanism...
  76. pmc Performance of QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube (QFTGIT) for the diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection in Afar Pastoralists, Ethiopia
    Mengistu Legesse
    Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    BMC Infect Dis 10:354. 2010
    ....
  77. ncbi request reprint Human helminthiasis in Wondo Genet, southern Ethiopia, with emphasis on geohelminthiasis
    Berhanu Erko
    Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, PO Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Ethiop Med J 41:333-44. 2003
    ..The heavy helminth burden among the schoolchildren calls for immediate intervention to reduce morbidity and transmission of helminthiasis in Wondo Genet...
  78. ncbi request reprint Large scale evaluation of WHO's ultrasonographic staging system of schistosomal periportal fibrosis in Ethiopia
    Nega Berhe
    Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia
    Trop Med Int Health 11:1286-94. 2006
    ..To evaluate the recent WHO's ultrasonographic diagnostic staging system of schistosomal periportal thickening/fibrosis and to assess intra/inter-observer variation associated with its use...
  79. ncbi request reprint Variations in helminth faecal egg counts in Kato-Katz thick smears and their implications in assessing infection status with Schistosoma mansoni
    Nega Berhe
    Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, P O Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Acta Trop 92:205-12. 2004
    ..mansoni...
  80. ncbi request reprint Epidemiological studies on intestinal schistosomiasis in Wondo Genet, southern Ethiopia
    Berhanu Erko
    Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, P O Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Ethiop Med J 40:29-39. 2002
    ..The necessity for initiating community-based sustainable control programme is discussed...
  81. ncbi request reprint Non-biting cyclorrhaphan flies (Diptera) as carriers of intestinal human parasites in slum areas of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Sisay Getachew
    Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, PO Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Acta Trop 103:186-94. 2007
    ..Among the flies, C. rufifacies and M. sorbens were the highest carriers of the helminth and protozoan parasites, respectively. The public health significance of these findings is highlighted...
  82. doi request reprint Evaluation of the performance of CareStart Malaria Pf/Pv Combo and Paracheck Pf tests for the diagnosis of malaria in Wondo Genet, southern Ethiopia
    Bekele Sharew
    Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, P O Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Acta Trop 111:321-4. 2009
    ..To evaluate the diagnostic performance of CareStart Malaria Pf/Pv Combo test relative to microscopy for the diagnosis of falciparum and vivax malaria in Ethiopia...
  83. doi request reprint Field investigation on the repellent activity of some aromatic plants by traditional means against Anopheles arabiensis and An. pharoensis (Diptera: Culicidae) around Koka, central Ethiopia
    Sisay Dugassa
    Department of Biology, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia
    Acta Trop 112:38-42. 2009
    ..However, feasibility and actual impact on disease transmission need to be known on these and other potentially useful plants...