K Hwang

Summary

Affiliation: Inha University
Country: Korea

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Mucoepidermoid carcinoma on the upper lip vermilion: a clinical report
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery and the Center for Advanced Medical Education by BK21 project, College of Medicine, Inha University, Incheon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 18:445-8. 2007
  2. doi request reprint Anatomy and tensile strength of the zygomatic ligament
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 22:1831-3. 2011
  3. doi request reprint Superficial Fascia (SF) in the Cheek and Parotid Area: Histology and Magnetic Resonance Image (MRI)
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University School of Medicine, 27 Inhang ro, Jung Gu, Incheon, 22332, Korea
    Aesthetic Plast Surg 40:566-77. 2016
  4. doi request reprint Relationships of comorbidities and old age with postoperative complications of head and neck free flaps: A review
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, South Korea Electronic address
    J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 69:1627-1635. 2016
  5. ncbi request reprint Le Fort I osteotomy with sparing fracture of lateral pterygoid plate
    K Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University Hospital, 7 206 Shinheung Dong, Choong Gu, Inchon, 400 711, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 12:48-52. 2001
  6. doi request reprint Conjoint fascial sheath of the levator and superior rectus attached to the conjunctival fornix
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery and the Center for Advanced Medical Education by BK21 project, Inha University College of Medicine, 7 206 Sinheung dong, Jung Gu, Incheon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 19:241-5. 2008
  7. ncbi request reprint Treatment of condyle fracture caused by mandibular angle ostectomy
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University Hospital, Inchon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 13:709-12. 2002
  8. ncbi request reprint Dermofat graft in deep nasolabial fold and facial rhytidectomy
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University Hospital, Joong Gu, Inchon, Korea
    Aesthetic Plast Surg 27:254-7. 2003
  9. doi request reprint Correction of congenital transverse cleft of the earlobe
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, Republic of Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 22:279-80. 2011
  10. doi request reprint Repair of a submucous cleft palate by W-pushback and levator repositioning without incision to the nasal mucosa
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, and Center for Advanced MedicalEducation by BK21 Project, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 23:543-5. 2012

Detail Information

Publications110 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi request reprint Mucoepidermoid carcinoma on the upper lip vermilion: a clinical report
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery and the Center for Advanced Medical Education by BK21 project, College of Medicine, Inha University, Incheon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 18:445-8. 2007
    ....
  2. doi request reprint Anatomy and tensile strength of the zygomatic ligament
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 22:1831-3. 2011
    ..The breaking strength of the ZL was 26.8 ± 1.8 N (range, 22.5-32.9 N).Knowledge of the location, shape, and mechanical properties of the ZL is essential in face rejuvenation surgery...
  3. doi request reprint Superficial Fascia (SF) in the Cheek and Parotid Area: Histology and Magnetic Resonance Image (MRI)
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University School of Medicine, 27 Inhang ro, Jung Gu, Incheon, 22332, Korea
    Aesthetic Plast Surg 40:566-77. 2016
    ..The aim of this study is to compare the superficial fascia (SF) in the cheek and parotid areas histologically and through MRI...
  4. doi request reprint Relationships of comorbidities and old age with postoperative complications of head and neck free flaps: A review
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, South Korea Electronic address
    J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 69:1627-1635. 2016
    ..001). On the basis of these results, we suggest that the incidence of complications is directly related to the preoperative medical condition of an individual patient rather than to age...
  5. ncbi request reprint Le Fort I osteotomy with sparing fracture of lateral pterygoid plate
    K Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University Hospital, 7 206 Shinheung Dong, Choong Gu, Inchon, 400 711, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 12:48-52. 2001
    ..169). The thin pterygomaxillary region and less concave pterygomaxillary fissure on the preoperative computed tomography scan draw precautionary attention to vulnerable pterygoid plates fractured in the procedure of Le Fort I osteotomy...
  6. doi request reprint Conjoint fascial sheath of the levator and superior rectus attached to the conjunctival fornix
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery and the Center for Advanced Medical Education by BK21 project, Inha University College of Medicine, 7 206 Sinheung dong, Jung Gu, Incheon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 19:241-5. 2008
    ..Surgeons should be aware of the presence of CFS between levator and superior rectus in performing ptosis surgery...
  7. ncbi request reprint Treatment of condyle fracture caused by mandibular angle ostectomy
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University Hospital, Inchon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 13:709-12. 2002
    ..Both cases were successfully restored and had good results. The authors believe the exercise protocols and algorithms they used may serve as a standard procedure of treatment in condylar fracture caused by angle ostectomy...
  8. ncbi request reprint Dermofat graft in deep nasolabial fold and facial rhytidectomy
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University Hospital, Joong Gu, Inchon, Korea
    Aesthetic Plast Surg 27:254-7. 2003
    ..This technique could be employed effectively and successfully to alleviate a deep nasolabial fold and concomitant facial rhytidectomy in an Asian with a thick preauricular skin...
  9. doi request reprint Correction of congenital transverse cleft of the earlobe
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, Republic of Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 22:279-80. 2011
    ..The shape and contour of the earlobe were then acceptable. Congenital transverse cleft of the earlobe can be corrected by supplementing a soft tissue defect with a dermofat graft and a de-epithelialized flap...
  10. doi request reprint Repair of a submucous cleft palate by W-pushback and levator repositioning without incision to the nasal mucosa
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, and Center for Advanced MedicalEducation by BK21 Project, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 23:543-5. 2012
    ..Three patients were operated on with this technique without serious complications.The author believes that this method can make the levator sling and increase the length of the soft palate without making an incision to the nasal mucosa...
  11. ncbi request reprint Innervation of the temporalis muscle for selective electrical denervation
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University Hospital, Inchon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 15:352-7. 2004
    ..The results of this study could provide a basis for closed selective denervation of the anterior division of the deep temporal nerve using electrocauterization. Clinical application is needed...
  12. doi request reprint Location of the mandibular branch of the facial nerve according to the neck position
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, and Center for Advanced Medical Education by BK21 Project, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 23:1488-90. 2012
    ..Surgeons should keep in mind that at the 1/4 point, the mandibular branch of the facial nerve moves downward 1.10 ± 1.42 mm with the neck in ipsilateral rotation and moves upward 0.49 ± 1.84 mm with the neck in contralateral rotation...
  13. doi request reprint Anatomic study of the lateral palpebral raphe and lateral palpebral ligament
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University College of Medicine, Incheon, Korea
    Ann Plast Surg 62:232-6. 2009
    ..3 N). Tensile strength of LPR was 12.2 +/- 8.0 N and weaker significantly than SLPL and DLPL. A detailed understanding of 3 layered structures (LPR, SLPL, and DLPL) at lateral canthal area is conducive to performing lateral canthoplasty...
  14. doi request reprint The intramuscular course of the inferior gluteal nerve in the gluteus maximus muscle and augmentation gluteoplasty
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, and Center for Advanced Medical Education by BK21 Project, Inha University College of Medicine, Incheon, Korea
    Ann Plast Surg 63:361-5. 2009
    ..There results of this study showed that intramuscular augmentation gluteoplasty could be performed safely unless intramuscular dissection is performed too deeply...
  15. doi request reprint Mapping thickness of nasal septal cartilage
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Center for Advanced Medical Education by BK21 Project, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, Republic of Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 21:243-4. 2010
    ..26 to 1.50 mm. The anterior-inferior part was thinner than the superior-posterior one.The thickness map of the nasal septum might be usefully applied in septal surgery, particularly in septal advancement...
  16. ncbi request reprint Vulnerability of the inferior alveolar nerve and mental nerve during genioplasty: an anatomic study
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, College of Medicine, Inha University, 7 206 Sinheung dong, Jung Gu, Incheon, 400 711, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 16:10-4; discussion 14. 2005
    ..4 degrees lateral, 67.2 degrees superior, and 80.2 degrees posterior. It is advisable for surgeons to keep the level of sliding osteotomy of the mentum at least 4.5 mm below the mental foramen to spare the IAN...
  17. doi request reprint Technique of making holes and passing wires in subcondylar fractures
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, and Center for Advanced Medical Education by BK21 Project, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, Republic of Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 23:1115-6. 2012
    ..The wire was tightened, and the fracture site was immobilized.We believe that this method of making holes and passing wires using a needle and K-wire might be a simple and quick alternative technique for treating subcondylar fractures...
  18. pmc Surgical anatomy of the lower eyelid relating to lower blepharoplasty
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Center for Advanced Medical Education by BK21 Project, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, Korea
    Anat Cell Biol 43:15-24. 2010
    ..The SOOF consisted more of fibrofatty tissue rather than being the pure fatty nature like orbital fat. I hope surgeons can achieve desirable outcomes with the knowledge reviewed in this article...
  19. pmc Shape and innervation of popliteus muscle
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, and Center for Advanced Medical Education by BK21 Project, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, Korea
    Anat Cell Biol 43:165-8. 2010
    ..Most nerve entry points (83.3%) were within a 2.0×3.0 cm rectangle with the center located at -1.0 cm (-7%) on the x-axis and -3.3 cm (-9%) on the y-axis...
  20. pmc Analysis of facial bone fractures: An 11-year study of 2,094 patients
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University College of Medicine, Incheon, Korea
    Indian J Plast Surg 43:42-8. 2010
    ..The medical records of these patients were reviewed and analysed to determine the clinical characteristics and treatment of facial bone fractures...
  21. doi request reprint Comparison of facial trauma in late middle age (55-64 years) and old age (older than 65 years)
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 24:909-13. 2013
    ..Attention should be paid to assault and automobile accidents in the LM group and to falls and pedestrian injuries in the OL group. Thus, injury prevention should be prepared for differently for both LM and OL groups...
  22. doi request reprint Half Z-plasty, band release, and cavity filling for correction of inverted nipple
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery and Center for Advanced Medical Education by BK21 Project, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, Korea
    J Plast Surg Hand Surg 47:93-6. 2013
    ..The support of the nipple was maintained by propping and obliterating the dead space. This procedure was carried out through a half Z-plasty incision below the nipple on the areola...
  23. doi request reprint Levator sheath revisited
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, and Center for Advanced Medical Education by BK21 Project, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 23:1476-8. 2012
    ..We reconfirmed the levator sheath covering the levator aponeurosis, and it continued anteriorly with the inner layer of the orbital septum, as Whitnall described. This information will be helpful when performing upper eyelid surgeries...
  24. doi request reprint Diplopia and enophthalmos in blowout fractures
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery and the Center for Advanced Medical Education by the BK21 Project, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 23:1077-82. 2012
    ..We think that the reason for the greater diplopia in the older age group is that the adaptation of binocular convergence is decreased in the older age group...
  25. doi request reprint Tension and distortion of the upper double eyelid by a nonincision method
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, and Center for Advanced Medical Education by BK21 Project, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, South Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 23:886-9. 2012
    ..41 ± 0.07 N) and the subconjunctival buried suture method (0.45 ± 0.07 N). We contend that a continuous suture method causes minimum notching, whereas an interrupted suture method causes less incidence of double-fold fading...
  26. doi request reprint Which type of earring and which piercing point is safest with regard to tearing through the ear by an external force?
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, BK21 Project, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, Korea
    Dermatol Surg 38:772-7. 2012
    ..To discover the relationship between earring types, piercing points, and the mechanical force needed for earrings to tear through the earlobe...
  27. doi request reprint Size of the superior palpebral involuntary muscle (Müller muscle)
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, South Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 21:1626-9. 2010
    ..At the superior fornix level, thickness of the upper and lower vascular layers was 0.28 ± 0.06 and 0.38 ± 0.21 mm, respectively. The result of our study might contribute to corrective blepharoptosis surgery...
  28. doi request reprint Outcome analysis of sports-related multiple facial fractures
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery and Center for Advanced Medical Education by BK21 Project, Inha University College of Medicine, Incheon, South Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 20:825-9. 2009
    ....
  29. doi request reprint Cutaneous innervation of lower eyelid
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University College of Medicine, Incheon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 19:1675-7. 2008
    ..6%) branches were medial to the lateral canthus. We conclude that the skin-muscle flap infringes less than the skin flap on the terminal branches of ION and ZFN in exposure of the orbital floor as well as in lower blepharoplasty...
  30. doi request reprint Hypoglossal-facial nerve anastomosis in the rabbits using laser welding
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University College of Medicine, Incheon, Korea
    Ann Plast Surg 61:452-6. 2008
    ....
  31. doi request reprint Surgical anatomy of retaining ligaments in the periorbital area
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, and Center for Advanced Medical Education by BK21 Project, Inha University College of Medicine, Incheon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 19:800-4. 2008
    ..013) than that of the central lower eyelid. However, there was no significant difference between LPL and MPL (P=0.055). Knowledge of the retaining ligaments is conducive to performing the midfacial rejuvenating surgery...
  32. doi request reprint Anatomy of tympanoparotid fascia relating to neck lift
    Kun Hwang
    Plastic Surgery, Center for Advanced Medical Education by BK21 Project, Inha University College of Medicine, Incheon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 19:648-51. 2008
    ..4 N) is enough to pull and hold the platysma as much as sternocleidomastoid muscle fascia (44.5 N) does. Such an anatomical component of TPF is useful in performing platysmaplasty or platysma suspension...
  33. doi request reprint Posterior cutaneous nerve of the thigh relating to the restoration of the gluteal fold
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University College of Medicine, Incheon, Korea
    Ann Plast Surg 60:357-61. 2008
    ..Our study describes the characterization of the site and reach of the PCNT in the thigh. It is imperative to know the exact location of the PCNT to avoid causing injury to the nerve during buttock lift...
  34. ncbi request reprint Roberts syndrome, normal cell division, and normal intelligence
    Kun Hwang
    Inha University Hospital, Inchon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 13:390-4. 2002
    ..This report supports the theory that normal intelligence can make social-personal adjustment possible even if all of the stigmata of Roberts syndrome is present...
  35. doi request reprint Do we have to dissect infraorbital nerve from periorbita in orbital floor fracture?
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, and Center for Advanced Medical Education BK21 Project, Inha University School of Medicine, Jung Gu, Incheon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 20:1260-2. 2009
    ..Instead, the fracture site might be covered by a horseshoe-shaped sheet...
  36. doi request reprint Medial orbital wall reconstruction through subciliary approach: revisited
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery and Center for Advanced Medical Education by BK21 Project, Inha University School of Medicine, Jung Gu, Incheon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 20:1280-2. 2009
    ..We think that medial orbital wall could be reconstructed safely through skin-muscle flap subciliary approach without resulting in ectropion or lacrimal canaliculus injury...
  37. doi request reprint The effect of hydrolyzed gardeniae fructus extract hydrogel on the treatment of ecchymoses in a rat model
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, College of Medicine, Inha University, Incheon, Korea
    Dermatol Surg 35:1525-31. 2009
    ..Gardeniae fructus (GF) has been used in traditional medicine for the treatment of inflammatory disease...
  38. doi request reprint Arterial anatomy of the second toe nail bed related to toenail transfer
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Center for Advanced Medical Education by BK21 Project, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, Korea
    Microsurgery 30:646-8. 2010
    ..We believe that second toenail with minimum amount of soft tissue may be transferred using FHB-based vascularized toenail flap. Perfusion study and clinical application should be followed...
  39. doi request reprint A use of poly-L-lactide, D-lactide sheet on posterior orbital floor fracture
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery and Center for Advanced Medical Education by BK21 Project, Inha University School of Medicine, 7 206 Sinheung dong, Jung Gu, Incheon 400 711, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 21:1221-3. 2010
    ..However, preoperative exophthalmometry measured -1.3 +/- 0.3 mm and postoperatively -0.4 +/- 0.2 mm, respectively. Poly-l-lactide, d-lactide sheet is applicable to safely repair the orbital posterior floor fracture...
  40. doi request reprint One-point fixation of tripod fractures of zygoma through a lateral brow incision
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery and Center for Advanced Medical Education by BK21 Project, Inha University College of Medicine, Incheon 400 711, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 21:1042-4. 2010
    ....
  41. doi request reprint Myofibroblasts and capsular tissue tension in breast capsular contracture
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Center for Advanced Medical Education by the BK21 Project, Inha University School of Medicine, Jung Gu, Incheon, Korea
    Aesthetic Plast Surg 34:716-21. 2010
    ..This study aimed to observe the relationship between the number of myofibroblasts, the tensile strength of the breast implant capsule, and the degree of breast capsular contracture...
  42. doi request reprint Early reexploration after closed reduction of nasal bone fracture
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, and Center for Advanced Medical Education by BK21 Project, Inha University College of Medicine, Incheon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 21:603-5. 2010
    ..All 13 patients were satisfied with the final result.If any undercorrection or deviation is persistent, the corrective reexploration should be discussed with the patient in detail and corrective reexploration should be planned soon...
  43. doi request reprint Comparison of the supporting strength of a poly-L-lactic acid sheet and porous polyethylene (Medpor) for the reconstruction of orbital floor fractures
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University School of Medicine, Jung Gu, Incheon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 21:847-53. 2010
    ..However, the supporting power of the PLLA sheet was stronger than that of Medpor...
  44. doi request reprint Anatomy of arcuate expansion of capsulopalpebral fascia
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 21:239-42. 2010
    ..7 +/- 3.8 N, and that at the orbital margin was 5.4 +/- 2.7 N.We think that AE prevents the protrusion of the eyeball and orbital fat and functions as a pulley holding overcontraction of the IO muscle...
  45. doi request reprint Bleeding from posterior superior alveolar artery in Le Fort I fracture
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Center for Advanced Medical Education by BK21 Project, Inha University College of Medicine, 7 206 Sinheung dong, Jung Gu, Incheon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 20:1610-2. 2009
    ..In case the vital sign is not stable, selective angiography should be performed before surgery...
  46. doi request reprint Anterior superior alveolar artery and horizontal maxillary osteotomy
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery and Center for Advanced Medical Education by BK21 Project, Inha University School of Medicine, 7 206 Sinheung dong, Jung Gu, Incheon 400 711, South Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 22:1819-21. 2011
    ..In performing the horizontal maxillary osteotomy, surgeons should be aware of the presence of CS, which contains the anterior superior alveolar artery within 2 to 3 mm along the piriform aperture...
  47. ncbi request reprint Could skin retraction incision minimize nerve injury over the iliac crest?
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery and the Center for Advanced Medical Education by BK21 project, Inha University College of Medicine, Incheon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 18:1447-50. 2007
    ..61%). P value is 0.760. In the procedure of harvesting iliac bone graft, it is suggested to make an incision on the skin retracted medially and on the anterior half site of ASIS to HLIC to avert an injury of superficial sensory nerves...
  48. ncbi request reprint Pneumosinus dilatans multiplex, mental retardation, and facial deformity
    K Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University Hospital, 7 206 Shinheung Dong, Choong Gu, Inchon, 400 711, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 11:487-90. 2000
    ..It is named pneumosinus dilatans multiplex by us. This is the first case to be reported in English literature that has this syndromic condition of pneumosinus dilatans multiplex, mental retardation, and facial deformity...
  49. ncbi request reprint The lateral cutaneous branch of the fourth intercostal nerve relating to transaxillary augmentation mammoplasty
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, College of Medicine, Inha University, Inchon, Korea
    Ann Plast Surg 53:27-30. 2004
    ..Knowledge of the exact site of the emerging nerve branch is conducive to avoiding nerve injury during submammary or transaxillary subpectoral dissection for augmentation mammoplasty...
  50. ncbi request reprint Selective neurectomy of the masseteric nerve in masseter hypertrophy
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University Hospital, Incheon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 15:780-4. 2004
    ..A neurectomy of the masseteric nerve can be used to reduce the hypertrophied masseter and as an ancillary procedure of mandibular angle ostectomy. One procedure can accompany another in the reduction of a prominent mandibular angle...
  51. ncbi request reprint Blepharoptosis caused from compression of levator muscle by fractured orbital roof fragment
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University Hospital, Incheon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 15:942-5. 2004
    ....
  52. ncbi request reprint Submental perforating artery: a culprit of bleeding during facelift
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, College of Medicine, Inha University, 7 206 Sinheung dong, Jung Gu, Incheon, 400 7111, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 16:3-5. 2005
    ..1 +/- 1.9 mm) inferior to the lower border of mandible. The high risk of injuring the vessels during the facelift can be explained by the close vicinity of the SPA to the mandibular inferior border...
  53. ncbi request reprint Miniplate fixation of high condylar fracture and postoperative exercise regimen
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University Hospital, 7 206 Singheung dong, Jung Gu, Incheon, 400 711, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 16:113-6. 2005
    ..After the bracket is removed on postoperative day 28, the patient exercises the chin laterally without any guiding elastic fixation for approximately 1 week. This regimen can be widely used in ostectomy-osteosynthesis cases...
  54. ncbi request reprint Closed reduction of fractured anterior wall of the frontal bone
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, College of Medicine, Inha University, 7 206 Singheung dong, Jung Gu, Incheon, 400 711, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 16:120-2. 2005
    ..The sinus was opened to retrieve the broken piece and repaired by internal fixation. The technique has a few merits: (1) the procedure is simple; (2) the operation time is short; and (3) only a small incision is needed...
  55. ncbi request reprint Course of the masseteric nerve in masseter muscle
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University Hospital, 7 206 Sinheung dong, Jung Gu, Inchon 400 711, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 16:197-200. 2005
    ..1 mm. Approximately two thirds (69.6%) of the masseteric nerve intersected the artery. The safe limit is within 47 mm from the inferior border of the muscle on the posterior third vertical line and within radial 32 mm from the gonion...
  56. ncbi request reprint Cutaneous sensory branch of the mylohyoid nerve
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, College of Medicine, Inha University, Incheon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 16:343-5; discussion 346. 2005
    ..The divergent angle of the two facing sides of the bilateral rhombi was 60 degrees. Informed surgical manipulation of the mental area may avoid unnecessary damage to the sensory nerve...
  57. ncbi request reprint A split ostectomy of mandibular body and angle reduction
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University Hospital, Sinheung Dong, Joong Gu, Inchon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 15:341-6. 2004
    ..This method was applied in two clinical cases without any complications. The "split ostectomy of mandibular body and angle reduction" is a new and safe method of avoiding the injury to the inferior alveolar nerve...
  58. ncbi request reprint Zygomaticotemporal nerve passage in the orbit and temporal area
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University Hospital, Inchon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 15:209-14. 2004
    ..Precautions should be taken when working in the area of the vulnerable zone during the Dingman procedure involving periorbital incision in case of zygomatic fracture...
  59. ncbi request reprint Pattern of the temporal branch of the facial nerve in the upper orbicularis oculi muscle
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, College of Medicine, Inha University, 7 206 Sinheung dong, Jung Gu, Incheon 400 711, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 15:373-6. 2004
    ..They also assure that injury of the temporal branch of the facial nerve is inevitable in the procedure of the frontalis myofascial advancement flap...
  60. ncbi request reprint Interface between titanium miniplate/screw and human calvaria
    K Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University Hospital, 7 206 Shinheung Dong, Choong Gu, Inchon, 400 103, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 11:184-8. 2000
    ..47 in a 9 mm wide zone around each screw; 1.37 in normal calvaria; and 1.51 in grafted calvaria. We concede that the effect of direct contact of titanium with screws onto the bone is as much as an osseous integration (osseointegration)...
  61. ncbi request reprint Chin augmentation with a bone graft from the mandibular region
    K Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University Hospital, Inchon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 11:543-6. 2000
    ..The pieces were placed on top of each other, set on the symphysis menti, and were immobilized with screws. The excised fragments of the mandible were used as bone grafts to augment the chin during the same operation...
  62. pmc Tenosynovial giant cell tumor of finger, localized type: a case report
    K Hwang
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, College of Medicine, Inha University, Inchon, Korea
    J Korean Med Sci 14:682-4. 1999
    ..Clinicopathologically, this tumor is a benign lesion that nonetheless possesses a capacity for local recurrence. Local excision with a small cuff of normal tissue is the treatment of choice in this tumor...
  63. ncbi request reprint Alloplastic template fixation of blow-out fracture
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University Hospital, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 13:510-2. 2002
    ..This procedure is simple and secure, and intramaxillary packing is not needed to buttress the depressed fractured bone into the sinus...
  64. ncbi request reprint Masks depicting hemifacial microsomia and cleft lip
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University Hospital, Choong Gu, Inchon, South Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 13:721-3. 2002
    ..Laymen ridiculed Yangban by making cleft lip masks for them. The authors presume that the victims of craniofacial deformities were treated contemptuously at that time...
  65. ncbi request reprint Cutaneous distribution of infraorbital nerve
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University Hospital, Incheon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 15:3-5; discussion 5. 2004
    ..The nonoverlapped branch of the infraorbital nerve exhibits a restricted anesthesia, but the overlapped branch sustains sensory perception to some extent when being damaged...
  66. ncbi request reprint Innervation of the corrugator supercilii muscle
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, College of Medicine, Inha University, Incheon, Korea
    Ann Plast Surg 52:140-3. 2004
    ..Because the temporal branch had multiple interconnection among its own rami, selective blocking of the middle ramus cannot promise the elimination of the frown line...
  67. ncbi request reprint Multiple malignant melanomas at different burn scar areas: a case report
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University Hospital, 7 206 Sinheung dong, Jung Gu, Incheon 400 711, Korea
    Dermatol Surg 30:562-5. 2004
    ..Malignant changes in burn scars occasionally develop, the majority being squamous cell carcinoma. Malignant melanomas (MMs) arising in burn scars occur rarely...
  68. ncbi request reprint Horizontal branch of the supraorbital nerve and temporal branch of the facial nerve
    Kun Hwang
    Plastic Surgery, College of Medicine, Inha University, 7 206 Sinheung dong, Jung Gu, Incheon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 16:647-9; discussion 650. 2005
    ..The horizontal branch of the supraorbital nerve is in touch with the temporal branch of the facial nerve, and there are actual connections between them in 44% of cases...
  69. ncbi request reprint Zygomaticomandibularis muscle
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University Hospital, 7 206 Sinheung dong, Jung Gu, Incheon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 16:655-7. 2005
    ..We believe that this muscle functions as coordinator of the temporalis and masseter in mammals with strong masticatory power but is a degraded or rudimentary muscle in humans...
  70. ncbi request reprint Interrelated buccal fat pad with facial buccal branches and parotid duct
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, College of Medicine, Inha University Hospital, 7 206 Sinheung dong, Jung Gu, Incheon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 16:658-60. 2005
    ..6%) specimens. There is a 26.3% chance of injury to the buccal branch during total removal of buccal fat pad. The parotid duct runs deep to the buccal extension of buccal fat pad in 26.3% of cases...
  71. ncbi request reprint Immunohistochemical study of differences between the muscle fiber types in the pars peripheralis and marginalis
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University College of Medicine, Sinheung Dong, Jung Gu, Incheon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 18:591-3. 2007
    ..The pars marginalis is composed of slow fibers (30%) and fast fibers (66%). We assume that the pars peripheralis and pars marginalis should be repaired sortably because the muscle reaction and endurance are not the same...
  72. ncbi request reprint Location of nerve entry points of flexor digitorum profundus
    K Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Center for Advanced Medical Education by BK21 Project, Inha University College of Medicine, 7 206 Sinheung dong, Jung Gu, Incheon, South Korea
    Surg Radiol Anat 29:617-21. 2007
    ..Its center was located at +26.5% on x-axis and -36.0% on y-axis. The nerve entry points used to be selected in performing non-surgical neurolysis with either ethyl alcohol (50%) or phenol (5-12%)...
  73. ncbi request reprint Experimental study of autologous cartilage, acellular cadaveric dermis, lyophilized bovine pericardium, and irradiated bovine tendon: applicability to nasal tip plasty
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery and the Center for Advanced Medical Education by BK21 project, Inha University College of Medicine, Sinheung Dong, Jung Gu, Incheon, Seoul, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 18:551-8. 2007
    ..Although other implants than the cartilage showed significant diminution of its volume in 12 weeks, lyophilized bovine pericardium could be the next substitute to the cartilage in soft tissue augmentation...
  74. ncbi request reprint Relation of mental nerve with mandibular branch of the facial nerve
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, and Center for Advanced Medical Education by BK21 Project, Inha University College of Medicine, 7 206 Sinheung dong, Jung Gu, Incheon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 18:165-8. 2007
    ..The proximity of the mental nerve and marginal mandibular branch of the facial nerve to each other draws an attention as operating the mental area...
  75. ncbi request reprint Proximity of the common peroneal nerve to the tibial nerve entering the gastrocnemius muscle: the implications for calf reduction
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, and Center for Advanced Medical Education by BK21 Project, Inha University College of Medicine, 7 206 Sinheung dong, Jung Gu, Incheon 400 711, Korea
    Aesthetic Plast Surg 32:116-9. 2008
    ..7 +/- 0.3 cm. In procedures that involve handling of the lateral gastrocnemius muscle itself or the nerves to the lateral gastrocnemius, surgeons should be aware of the close proximity of the PN to the NLG in the popliteal region...
  76. ncbi request reprint The relationship of capsulopalpebral fascia with orbital septum of the lower eyelid: an anatomic study under magnification
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery and Center for Advanced Medical Education by BK21 Project, Inha University, College of Medicine, Incheon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 17:1118-20. 2006
    ..7 +/- 0.7 mm on the medial limbus line, 2.7 +/- 0.7 mm on the midpupillary line and 2.1 +/- 0.9 mm on the lateral limbus line. Precise anatomical understanding of OS and CPF may be conducive to the lower eyelid surgery...
  77. ncbi request reprint Innervation of upper orbicularis oris muscle
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery and Center for Advanced Medical Education by BK21 Project, Inha University College of Medicine, Incheon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 17:1116-7. 2006
    ..An anatomical knowledge might be contributive to understand a wrinkle depletion of the upper lip and function of the orbicularis oris muscle...
  78. ncbi request reprint Does the upper eyelid skin become thinner with age?
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, College of Medicine, Inha University, Incheon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 17:474-6. 2006
    ..There were no significant differences between the age groups (P = 0.553). It is noticeable that upper eyelid skin thickness is not affected remarkably by aging...
  79. ncbi request reprint Cutaneous perforators of the forearm: anatomic study for clinical application
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, College of Medicine, Inha University, Incheon, Korea
    Ann Plast Surg 56:284-8. 2006
    ..0 cm (87.5%), 1.5 cm (75%), and 2.0 cm (87.5%) in diameter, respectively.A knowledge of constant perforators of the forearm is conducive to the free skin cutaneous flaps to be designed safely...
  80. ncbi request reprint Cutaneous distribution of zygomaticofacial nerve
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, and Center for Advanced Medical Education by BK21 Project, Inha University College of Medicine, Jung Gu, Incheon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 18:575-7. 2007
    ..9 +/- 5.8% to 35.7 +/- 5.4% of the line from the lateral canthus to the oral commissure level. Knowledge of ZFN innervation is available with an intraoral approach in maloplasty or midface lift...
  81. ncbi request reprint Foot polydactyly and polysyndactyly: genetic implications in two families
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, College of Medicine, Inha University, 7 206 Sinheung dong, Jung Gu, Incheon, 400 711, Korea
    J Foot Ankle Surg 44:473-7. 2005
    ..The result of this study brought us to the conclusion that, while genetic factors play a major role in polydactyly, other factors may contribute to its occurrence...
  82. ncbi request reprint Anatomy of pectoral fascia in relation to subfascial mammary augmentation
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, College of Medicine, Inha University, Incheon, Korea
    Ann Plast Surg 55:576-9. 2005
    ..The subfascial implants should be placed under the SPF, laterally beyond the lateral border of PM and inferiorly under the glandular tissue of the breast below the sixth intercostal space...
  83. ncbi request reprint Anatomy of superficial thoracic artery related to subpectoral augmentation mammoplasty
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, College of Medicine, Inha University, Incheon, Korea
    Ann Plast Surg 55:580-2. 2005
    ..It was distant from 12 cm lateral to the midline and 6 cm below the sternal notch. We think that the superficial thoracic artery might be the culprit of bleeding and severe hematoma in transaxillary subpectoral mammoplasty...
  84. ncbi request reprint Anatomy of lower lacrimal canaliculus relative to epicanthoplasty
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, College of Medicine, Institute of Medical Science, Inha University, Incheon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 16:949-52. 2005
    ..08 +/- 2.74 mm) long 2 mm below the mucocutaneous junction, where an incision may be given in epicanthoplasty. The lower lacrimal canaliculus is vulnerable to injury during epicanthoplasty...
  85. ncbi request reprint Insertion of frontalis muscle relating to blepharoptosis repair
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, College of Medicine, Inha University, Incheon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 16:965-7. 2005
    ..A knowledge of the distal insertion of the frontalis muscle is referred to the muscle transfer procedure for blepharoptosis repair...
  86. ncbi request reprint Laser welding of rat's facial nerve
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University, Incheon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 16:1102-6. 2005
    ..463). None of 12 rats showed dehiscence at the nerve anastomosis done by laser welding. This study shows that nerve regeneration is more apparent in the nerve repaired by laser welding than in that repaired by microsurgical suture...
  87. ncbi request reprint Thickness of Korean upper eyelid skin at different levels
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, College of Medicine, Inha University, Incheon, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 17:54-6. 2006
    ..89 +/- 0.23 mm. The size of the tarsal plate was 8.88 +/- 0.81 mm. These data of upper eyelid skin thickness may apply to Asian double fold surgery and also to full thickness skin donation for grafting...
  88. ncbi request reprint Pretarsal fat compartment in the lower eyelid
    K Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, College of Medicine, Inha University, Inchon, Korea
    Clin Anat 14:179-83. 2001
    ..It is recommended that fat in the pretarsal fat compartment be removed during lower lid blepharoplasty in order to alleviate the bulge or knoll of the skin just below the lower eyelashes...
  89. doi request reprint Anatomic localization of motor entry points and intramuscular nerve endings in the hamstring muscles
    X C An
    Department of Anatomy, Catholic Institute for Applied Anatomy, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, 505, Banpo dong, Seocho Gu, Seoul, 137701, Korea
    Surg Radiol Anat 32:529-37. 2010
    ..To elucidate the location of motor entry points (MEPs) and intramuscular nerve endings of the hamstring muscles...
  90. ncbi request reprint Innervation of the lower eyelid in relation to blepharoplasty and midface lift: clinical observation and cadaveric study
    K Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, College of Medicine, Inha University, Inchon, Korea
    Ann Plast Surg 47:1-5; discussion 5-7. 2001
    ....