Brandon A Kohrt

Summary

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Social ecology interventions for post-traumatic stress disorder: what can we learn from child soldiers?
    Brandon Kohrt
    Brandon Kohrt, MD, PhD, Duke Global Health Institute and Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University, 310 Trent Drive, Duke Box 90519, Durham, NC 27708, USA Transcultural Psychosocial Organization TPO Nepal, Kathmandu, Nepal Email
    Br J Psychiatry 203:165-7. 2013
  2. pmc Reintegration of child soldiers in Burundi: a tracer study
    Mark J D Jordans
    Department of Research and Development, HealthNet TPO, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    BMC Public Health 12:905. 2012
  3. pmc Political violence and mental health in Nepal: prospective study
    Brandon A Kohrt
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, The George Washington University, 2150 Pennsylvania Avenue, 8th Floor, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    Br J Psychiatry 201:268-75. 2012
  4. pmc Validation of cross-cultural child mental health and psychosocial research instruments: adapting the Depression Self-Rating Scale and Child PTSD Symptom Scale in Nepal
    Brandon A Kohrt
    Transcultural Psychosocial Organization TPO Nepal, Baluwatar, Kathmandu, Nepal
    BMC Psychiatry 11:127. 2011
  5. pmc Social ecology of child soldiers: child, family, and community determinants of mental health, psychosocial well-being, and reintegration in Nepal
    Brandon A Kohrt
    Department of Anthropology, Emory University, 1557 Dickey Drive, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Transcult Psychiatry 47:727-53. 2010
  6. pmc Nepali concepts of psychological trauma: the role of idioms of distress, ethnopsychology and ethnophysiology in alleviating suffering and preventing stigma
    Brandon A Kohrt
    Department of Anthropology, Emory University, 1557 Dickey Dr, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Cult Med Psychiatry 34:322-52. 2010
  7. doi request reprint Gender and anxiety in Nepal: the role of social support, stressful life events, and structural violence
    Brandon A Kohrt
    Department of Anthropology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    CNS Neurosci Ther 15:237-48. 2009
  8. pmc Culture in psychiatric epidemiology: using ethnography and multiple mediator models to assess the relationship of caste with depression and anxiety in Nepal
    Brandon A Kohrt
    Department of Anthropology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Ann Hum Biol 36:261-80. 2009
  9. pmc Navigating diagnoses: understanding mind-body relations, mental health, and stigma in Nepal
    Brandon A Kohrt
    Department of Anthropology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Cult Med Psychiatry 32:462-91. 2008
  10. pmc Comparison of mental health between former child soldiers and children never conscripted by armed groups in Nepal
    Brandon A Kohrt
    Department of Anthropology, Emory University, 1557 Dickey Dr, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    JAMA 300:691-702. 2008

Detail Information

Publications34

  1. doi request reprint Social ecology interventions for post-traumatic stress disorder: what can we learn from child soldiers?
    Brandon Kohrt
    Brandon Kohrt, MD, PhD, Duke Global Health Institute and Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University, 310 Trent Drive, Duke Box 90519, Durham, NC 27708, USA Transcultural Psychosocial Organization TPO Nepal, Kathmandu, Nepal Email
    Br J Psychiatry 203:165-7. 2013
    ..A key contribution is the role of social ecology for trauma-healing interventions. ..
  2. pmc Reintegration of child soldiers in Burundi: a tracer study
    Mark J D Jordans
    Department of Research and Development, HealthNet TPO, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    BMC Public Health 12:905. 2012
    ..Substantial attention and resources are aimed at the reintegration of child soldiers, yet rigorous evaluations are rare...
  3. pmc Political violence and mental health in Nepal: prospective study
    Brandon A Kohrt
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, The George Washington University, 2150 Pennsylvania Avenue, 8th Floor, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    Br J Psychiatry 201:268-75. 2012
    ..Post-conflict mental health studies in low-income countries have lacked pre-conflict data to evaluate changes in psychiatric morbidity resulting from political violence...
  4. pmc Validation of cross-cultural child mental health and psychosocial research instruments: adapting the Depression Self-Rating Scale and Child PTSD Symptom Scale in Nepal
    Brandon A Kohrt
    Transcultural Psychosocial Organization TPO Nepal, Baluwatar, Kathmandu, Nepal
    BMC Psychiatry 11:127. 2011
    ..Alternative procedures are needed to validate instruments in these settings...
  5. pmc Social ecology of child soldiers: child, family, and community determinants of mental health, psychosocial well-being, and reintegration in Nepal
    Brandon A Kohrt
    Department of Anthropology, Emory University, 1557 Dickey Drive, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Transcult Psychiatry 47:727-53. 2010
    ..Ultimately, social ecology is well suited to identify intervention foci across ecological levels based on community differences in vulnerability and protective factors...
  6. pmc Nepali concepts of psychological trauma: the role of idioms of distress, ethnopsychology and ethnophysiology in alleviating suffering and preventing stigma
    Brandon A Kohrt
    Department of Anthropology, Emory University, 1557 Dickey Dr, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Cult Med Psychiatry 34:322-52. 2010
    ..Different categories of trauma idioms support the need for multidisciplinary treatment with multiple points of service entry...
  7. doi request reprint Gender and anxiety in Nepal: the role of social support, stressful life events, and structural violence
    Brandon A Kohrt
    Department of Anthropology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    CNS Neurosci Ther 15:237-48. 2009
    ..Despite frequent attribution to cultural roles of men and women, data regarding gendered risk factors in non-Western settings are scant...
  8. pmc Culture in psychiatric epidemiology: using ethnography and multiple mediator models to assess the relationship of caste with depression and anxiety in Nepal
    Brandon A Kohrt
    Department of Anthropology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Ann Hum Biol 36:261-80. 2009
    ..The causes of ethnic and caste-based disparities in mental health are poorly understood...
  9. pmc Navigating diagnoses: understanding mind-body relations, mental health, and stigma in Nepal
    Brandon A Kohrt
    Department of Anthropology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Cult Med Psychiatry 32:462-91. 2008
    ....
  10. pmc Comparison of mental health between former child soldiers and children never conscripted by armed groups in Nepal
    Brandon A Kohrt
    Department of Anthropology, Emory University, 1557 Dickey Dr, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    JAMA 300:691-702. 2008
    ..Former child soldiers are considered in need of special mental health interventions. However, there is a lack of studies investigating the mental health of child soldiers compared with civilian children in armed conflicts...
  11. doi request reprint Conflict and mental health: a cross-sectional epidemiological study in Nepal
    Nagendra P Luitel
    Transcultural Psychosocial Organization Nepal, Baluwatar, Kathmandu, Nepal
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 48:183-93. 2013
    ..The aim of this epidemiological study was to identify prevalence rates of mental health problems, factors associated with poor mental health and protective and risk factors in a post-conflict situation in Nepal...
  12. doi request reprint Explanatory models and mental health treatment: is vodou an obstacle to psychiatric treatment in rural Haiti?
    Nayla M Khoury
    Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Cult Med Psychiatry 36:514-34. 2012
    ..Rather, structural factors including scarcity of treatment resources and lack of psychiatric training among health practitioners created the greatest impediments to biomedical care for mental health concerns in rural Haiti...
  13. doi request reprint Reflechi twòp--thinking too much: description of a cultural syndrome in Haiti's Central Plateau
    Bonnie N Kaiser
    Department of Anthropology, Department of Epidemiology, Emory University, 1557 Dickey Dr, Atlanta, GA, 30322, USA
    Cult Med Psychiatry 38:448-72. 2014
    ..Recognizing and understanding "thinking too much" may allow early clinical recognition and interventions to reduce long-term psychosocial suffering in Haiti's Central Plateau. ..
  14. pmc Cross-cultural gene- environment interactions in depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, and the cortisol awakening response: FKBP5 polymorphisms and childhood trauma in South Asia
    Brandon A Kohrt
    Duke Global Health Institute and Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    Int Rev Psychiatry 27:180-96. 2015
    ..Gene-environment studies should take differences in prevalence and cultural significance of phenotypes and exposures into account when interpreting cross-cultural findings. ..
  15. pmc Depression, suicidal ideation, and associated factors: a cross-sectional study in rural Haiti
    Bradley H Wagenaar
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    BMC Psychiatry 12:149. 2012
    ..The present study represents one of the first epidemiologic studies of depression symptomatology, suicidal ideation, and associated factors in Haiti's Central Plateau...
  16. pmc Authorship in global mental health research: recommendations for collaborative approaches to writing and publishing
    Brandon A Kohrt
    Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, NC Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University, Durham, NC Transcultural Psychosocial Organization Nepal, Kathmandu, Nepal Electronic address
    Ann Glob Health 80:134-42. 2014
    ..However, global mental health and cultural psychiatry research publications have been dominated by HIC investigators...
  17. doi request reprint Determinants of care seeking for mental health problems in rural Haiti: culture, cost, or competency
    Bradley H Wagenaar
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 64:366-72. 2013
    ..This study examined patterns, determinants, and costs of seeking care for mild to moderate psychiatric distress in order to determine optimal approaches for expanding mental health care in rural Haiti...
  18. ncbi request reprint Distribution of distress in post-socialist Mongolia: a cultural epidemiology of yadargaa
    Brandon A Kohrt
    Department of Anthropology, Emory University, 1557 Pierce Drive, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Soc Sci Med 58:471-85. 2004
    ..In conclusion, yadargaa strongly associates with disenfranchised groups in the capitalist economy. As a culturally constructed indicator of quality of life, yadargaa is a window into the lives of women and men in post-socialist Mongolia...
  19. pmc Recruitment of child soldiers in Nepal: Mental health status and risk factors for voluntary participation of youth in armed groups
    Brandon A Kohrt
    Duke Global Health Institute and Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, USA
    Peace Confl 22:208-216. 2016
    ....
  20. pmc Accuracy of proactive case finding for mental disorders by community informants in Nepal
    Mark J D Jordans
    Mark J D Jordans, PhD, Research and Development Department, HealthNet TPO, Amsterdam, The Netherlands and Centre for Global Mental Health, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King s College London, London UK Brandon A Kohrt, PhD, Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA Nagendra P Luitel, MA, Research Department, Transcultural Psychosocial Organization TPO, Kathmandu, Nepal Ivan H Komproe, PhD, Research and Development Department, HealthNet TPO, Amsterdam, The Netherlands and Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands Crick Lund, PhD, Alan J Flisher Centre for Public Mental Health, Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    Br J Psychiatry 207:501-6. 2015
    ..Accurate detection of persons in need of mental healthcare is crucial to reduce the treatment gap between psychiatric burden and service use in low- and middle-income (LAMI) countries...
  21. pmc "Thinking too much": A systematic review of a common idiom of distress
    Bonnie N Kaiser
    Department of Anthropology and Department of Epidemiology, Emory University, 1557 Dickey Drive, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, 310 Trent Drive, Durham, NC 27701, USA Electronic address
    Soc Sci Med 147:170-83. 2015
    ....
  22. doi request reprint Child abuse, disruptive behavior disorders, depression, and salivary cortisol levels among institutionalized and community-residing boys in Mongolia
    Brandon A Kohrt
    Department of Anthropology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Asia Pac Psychiatry 7:7-19. 2015
    ..This study explores the relationship of diurnal salivary cortisol levels with oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and caregiver attitudes toward physical punishment among boys in Mongolia...
  23. doi request reprint Designing mental health interventions informed by child development and human biology theory: a social ecology intervention for child soldiers in Nepal
    Brandon A Kohrt
    Department of Anthropology, Emory University, Atlanta Transcultural Psychosocial Organization TPO, Nepal, Kathmandu, Nepal
    Am J Hum Biol 27:27-40. 2015
    ..Future directions and recommendations for applying human biology theory in pursuit of public mental health interventions are discussed...
  24. pmc Psychological resilience and the gene regulatory impact of posttraumatic stress in Nepali child soldiers
    Brandon A Kohrt
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC 27708 Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, NC 27710 Transcultural Psychosocial Organization Nepal, Kathmandu 44616, Nepal
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 113:8156-61. 2016
    ..These results suggest that CTRA responses to early life adversity are not restricted to WEIRD cultural contexts and they underscore the key role of resilience in determining the molecular impact of adverse environments. ..
  25. pmc Detection of depression in low resource settings: validation of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and cultural concepts of distress in Nepal
    Brandon A Kohrt
    Research Department, Transcultural Psychosocial Organization TPO Nepal, Baluwatar, Kathmandu, G P O Box 8974 C P C Box 612, Nepal
    BMC Psychiatry 16:58. 2016
    ..Therefore, our objectives were to evaluate the validity of the PHQ-9, assess the added value of using idioms of distress, and develop an algorithm for depression detection in primary care...
  26. pmc Therapist competence in global mental health: Development of the ENhancing Assessment of Common Therapeutic factors (ENACT) rating scale
    Brandon A Kohrt
    Transcultural Psychosocial Organization TPO Nepal, Kathmandu, Nepal Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, The George Washington University School of Medicine, Washington, DC, United States Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, United States Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, United States Electronic address
    Behav Res Ther 69:11-21. 2015
    ..Further research is needed to evaluate applications for therapy quality and association with patient outcomes...
  27. ncbi request reprint Social stressors, social support, and mental health among Haitian migrants in the Dominican Republic
    Bonnie N Kaiser
    Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 38:157-62. 2015
    ..These interactions could help counteract social stress and build social capital in settings similar to those of the study. ..
  28. doi request reprint Perceived discrimination, humiliation, and mental health: a mixed-methods study among Haitian migrants in the Dominican Republic
    Hunter M Keys
    a Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing and Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Ethn Health 20:219-40. 2015
    ..This study examines the legacy of anti-Haitian discrimination in the Dominican Republic and association of discrimination with mental health among Haitian migrants...
  29. pmc Cultural concepts of distress and psychiatric disorders: literature review and research recommendations for global mental health epidemiology
    Brandon A Kohrt
    Duke Global Health Institute, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Durham, NC, USA, Department of Psychology, Fordham University, New York, USA, Department of Anthropology, Department of Epidemiology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA, Department of Mental Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA, Department of Psychology, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Nepal, Butabika National Referral Mental and Teaching Hospital, Kampala, Uganda, AISSR, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands and Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 43:365-406. 2014
    ..This study's goal is to review strengths and limitations of literature comparing psychiatric categories with cultural concepts of distress (CCD) such as cultural syndromes, culture-bound syndromes, and idioms of distress...
  30. ncbi request reprint Estimating between- and within-individual variation in cortisol levels using multilevel models
    Daniel J Hruschka
    Department of Anthropology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 30:698-714. 2005
    ..The 'roadmap' also facilitates comparison between the results from different studies and estimation of the necessary number of cortisol measurements for future investigations...
  31. pmc Outpatient Mental Health Services in Mozambique: Use and Treatments
    Bradley H Wagenaar
    Dr Wagenaar, Ms Raunig Berhó, Dr Rao, Dr Stergachis, and Dr Sherr are with the Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle e mail Dr Wagenaar and Dr Sherr are also with Health Alliance International, Seattle Dr Rao is also with the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, and Dr Stergachis is also with the School of Pharmacy, both at the University of Washington, Seattle Dr Cumbe is with the Department of Mental Health and Beira Central Hospital, Beira, Mozambique Dr Kohrt is with the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina Dr Napúa is with the Beira Operations Research Center, Beira, Mozambique José Miguel Caldas de Almeida, M D, and Matt Muijen, M D, Ph D, are editors of this column
    Psychiatr Serv 67:588-90. 2016
    ..First-generation antipsychotics, most often paired with promethazine, dominated treatment regimens. Evidence-based reforms are needed to improve identification of mood disorders and broaden care beyond severe mental disorders. ..
  32. doi request reprint Idioms of distress, ethnopsychology, and the clinical encounter in Haiti's Central Plateau
    Hunter M Keys
    Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, USA
    Soc Sci Med 75:555-64. 2012
    ..Holistic approaches to mental healthcare in Haiti's Central Plateau should incorporate local ethnopsychological frameworks alongside biomedical models of healthcare...
  33. ncbi request reprint Reconsidering somatic presentation of generalized anxiety disorder in Nepal
    Brandon A Kohrt
    J Nerv Ment Dis 195:544; author reply 545. 2007