Nicola Petrosillo

Summary

Affiliation: National Institute for Infectious Diseases
Country: Italy

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Management of antibiotic resistance in the intensive care unit setting
    Nicola Petrosillo
    2nd Infectious Diseases Division, National Institute for Infectious Diseases L Spallanzani, Via Portuense, 292 00149 Rome, Italy
    Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 8:289-302. 2010
  2. pmc Ebola virus disease complicated with viral interstitial pneumonia: a case report
    Nicola Petrosillo
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases Lazzaro Spallanzani INMI IRCCS, Rome, Italy
    BMC Infect Dis 15:432. 2015
  3. pmc The novel influenza A (H1N1) virus pandemic: An update
    N Petrosillo
    2nd Infectious Diseases Division, National Institute for Infectious Diseases, Lazzaro Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    Ann Thorac Med 4:163-72. 2009
  4. pmc Access to treatment for HBV infection and its consistency with 2008 European guidelines in a multicentre cross-sectional study of HIV/HBV co-infected patients in Italy
    Giorgio Antonucci
    Italian Society of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Florence, Italy
    BMC Res Notes 6:153. 2013
  5. pmc QTc interval prolongation in HIV-infected patients: a case-control study by 24-hour Holter ECG recording
    Alessandra Fiorentini
    UO Geriatria, Ospedale di Montefiascone, Montefiascone 01027, Italy
    BMC Cardiovasc Disord 12:124. 2012
  6. pmc Smoking and HIV: time for a change?
    Nicola Petrosillo
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases L, Spallanzani, Via Portuense 292, Rome, Italy
    BMC Med 11:16. 2013
  7. pmc Changing carbapenemase gene pattern in an epidemic multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii lineage causing multiple outbreaks in central Italy
    Silvia D'Arezzo
    Istituto Nazionale per le Malattie Infettive Lazzaro Spallanzani I R C C S, Rome, Italy
    J Antimicrob Chemother 66:54-61. 2011
  8. ncbi request reprint Decrease of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus prevalence after introduction of a surgical antibiotic prophylaxis protocol in an Italian hospital
    Emanuele Nicastri
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases, IRCCS Lazzaro Spallanzani, Via Portuense 292 00149, Rome, Italy
    New Microbiol 31:519-25. 2008
  9. pmc Surgical site infections in Italian Hospitals: a prospective multicenter study
    Nicola Petrosillo
    2nd Infectious Diseases Division, National Institute for Infectious Diseases L, Spallanzani, Via Portuense, 292 00149 Rome, Italy
    BMC Infect Dis 8:34. 2008
  10. ncbi request reprint Nosocomial pulmonary infections in HIV-positive patients
    Nicola Petrosillo
    National Institute for Infectious Disease L Spallanzani, IRCCS, Rome, Italy
    Curr Opin Pulm Med 11:231-5. 2005

Detail Information

Publications68

  1. doi request reprint Management of antibiotic resistance in the intensive care unit setting
    Nicola Petrosillo
    2nd Infectious Diseases Division, National Institute for Infectious Diseases L Spallanzani, Via Portuense, 292 00149 Rome, Italy
    Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 8:289-302. 2010
    ..Recent issues on strategies to minimize resistance development and to appropriately manage critically ill patients with infections caused by multidrug-resistant organisms in the intensive care unit setting are discussed in this article...
  2. pmc Ebola virus disease complicated with viral interstitial pneumonia: a case report
    Nicola Petrosillo
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases Lazzaro Spallanzani INMI IRCCS, Rome, Italy
    BMC Infect Dis 15:432. 2015
    ..Some of these have been medically evacuated to hospitals in Europe and the USA. These clinical experiences provide unique insights into the course of Ebola virus disease under optimized condition within high level isolation units...
  3. pmc The novel influenza A (H1N1) virus pandemic: An update
    N Petrosillo
    2nd Infectious Diseases Division, National Institute for Infectious Diseases, Lazzaro Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    Ann Thorac Med 4:163-72. 2009
    ..We searched the literature indexed in PubMed as well as the websites of major international health agencies to obtain the material presented in this update on the current S-OIV pandemic...
  4. pmc Access to treatment for HBV infection and its consistency with 2008 European guidelines in a multicentre cross-sectional study of HIV/HBV co-infected patients in Italy
    Giorgio Antonucci
    Italian Society of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Florence, Italy
    BMC Res Notes 6:153. 2013
    ....
  5. pmc QTc interval prolongation in HIV-infected patients: a case-control study by 24-hour Holter ECG recording
    Alessandra Fiorentini
    UO Geriatria, Ospedale di Montefiascone, Montefiascone 01027, Italy
    BMC Cardiovasc Disord 12:124. 2012
    ..The risk factors associated with QTc prolongation and the indices of cardiovascular autonomic control were also evaluated...
  6. pmc Smoking and HIV: time for a change?
    Nicola Petrosillo
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases L, Spallanzani, Via Portuense 292, Rome, Italy
    BMC Med 11:16. 2013
    ....
  7. pmc Changing carbapenemase gene pattern in an epidemic multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii lineage causing multiple outbreaks in central Italy
    Silvia D'Arezzo
    Istituto Nazionale per le Malattie Infettive Lazzaro Spallanzani I R C C S, Rome, Italy
    J Antimicrob Chemother 66:54-61. 2011
    ..baumannii strains isolated from June 2005 to March 2009 from infected patients in 10 intensive care units (ICUs) in central Italy were investigated...
  8. ncbi request reprint Decrease of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus prevalence after introduction of a surgical antibiotic prophylaxis protocol in an Italian hospital
    Emanuele Nicastri
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases, IRCCS Lazzaro Spallanzani, Via Portuense 292 00149, Rome, Italy
    New Microbiol 31:519-25. 2008
    ..026). In our experience, the reduction of 3rd generation cephalosporin use was an effective strategy to reduce the MRSA infection rate and was associated with the reduction of the overall expenditure for antibiotics in the hospital...
  9. pmc Surgical site infections in Italian Hospitals: a prospective multicenter study
    Nicola Petrosillo
    2nd Infectious Diseases Division, National Institute for Infectious Diseases L, Spallanzani, Via Portuense, 292 00149 Rome, Italy
    BMC Infect Dis 8:34. 2008
    ..A national prospective multicenter study was conducted with the aim of assessing the incidence of both in-hospital and postdisharge SSI, and the associated risk factors...
  10. ncbi request reprint Nosocomial pulmonary infections in HIV-positive patients
    Nicola Petrosillo
    National Institute for Infectious Disease L Spallanzani, IRCCS, Rome, Italy
    Curr Opin Pulm Med 11:231-5. 2005
    ..Nosocomial pulmonary infections (NPI) appear to be more common in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), as a result of the degree of immunosuppression, prior use of antibiotics, and exposure to invasive procedures...
  11. ncbi request reprint Use of a T cell-based assay for monitoring efficacy of antituberculosis therapy
    Stefania Carrara
    Translational Research Unit, National Institute for Infectious Diseases Lazzaro Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    Clin Infect Dis 38:754-6. 2004
    ..On the basis of these data, we conclude that our assay is a useful tool in monitoring the efficacy of antituberculosis therapy...
  12. ncbi request reprint Enabling Rapid Response to the 2014-2016 Ebola Epidemic: The Experience and the Results of the National Institute for Infectious Diseases Lazzaro Spallanzani
    Emanuele Nicastri
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases Lazzaro Spallanzani, IRCCS, Via Portuense, 292, 00149, Rome, Italy
    Adv Exp Med Biol . 2016
    ....
  13. ncbi request reprint Clostridium difficile infection in the elderly
    Stefano Di Bella
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases L Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    Infez Med 21:93-102. 2013
    ..The elderly represent an at-risk population from this pathogen and efforts must be directed to preventing infection and optimising treatment in this group...
  14. doi request reprint Reversion to susceptibility of a carbapenem-resistant clinical isolate of Klebsiella pneumoniae producing KPC-3
    Laura Villa
    Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    J Antimicrob Chemother 68:2482-6. 2013
    ..pneumoniae strain. Complete DNA sequences of the plasmids carried by the resistant and susceptible strains from this patient were determined...
  15. ncbi request reprint Extra-cerebral severe infections associated with haemorrhagic hereditary telangiectasia (Rendu-Osler-Weber Disease): five cases and a review of the literature
    Maria Musso
    Second Division of Infectious Diseases, National Institute for Infectious Diseases Lazzaro Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    Infez Med 22:50-6. 2014
    ..In our opinion these results suggest the need to evaluate the possible benefits of SA nasal colonization screening and decolonization in such patients. ..
  16. doi request reprint Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: a community health threat
    Maria Adriana Cataldo
    2nd Infectious Diseases Division, National Institute for Infectious Diseases Lazzaro Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    Postgrad Med 122:16-23. 2010
    ..There are still many unanswered key questions regarding the epidemiology, prevention, and treatment of CA-MRSA infections. This article reviews current knowledge of CA-MRSA...
  17. ncbi request reprint Isolation of KPC 3-producing Enterobacter aerogenes in a patient colonized by MDR Klebsiella pneumoniae
    Carolina Venditti
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases INMI L Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    New Microbiol 39:. 2016
    ..Since intense horizontal exchanges among bacteria can occur in the gut, clinicians should be aware that patients colonized by carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae could become carriers of other carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae...
  18. ncbi request reprint Epidemiology of hepatitis C virus among long-term dialysis patients: a 9-year study in an Italian region
    Anteo Di Napoli
    Agency for Public Health of Lazio Region, Rome, Italy
    Am J Kidney Dis 48:629-37. 2006
    ..The aim of the study is to analyze the prevalence, seroconversion rate, and impact of HCV-positive serological test results on survival...
  19. doi request reprint Rhodococcus equi infection in HIV-infected individuals: case reports and review of the literature
    Simone Topino
    2nd Infectious Diseases Division, National Institute for Infectious Diseases, Lazzaro Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 24:211-22. 2010
    ..Prompt diagnosis, early initiation of antiretroviral treatment and combined antimicrobial treatment seem to be effective to eradicate the infection and to improve the outcome...
  20. ncbi request reprint Ceftaroline Plus Ampicillin Against Gram-Positive Organisms: Results from E-Test Synergy Assays
    Silvia D'Arezzo
    Lazzaro Spallanzani National Institute for Infectious Diseases IRCCS, Rome, Italy
    Microb Drug Resist . 2016
    ..faecium and E. faecalis. The fact that two of those Enterococcus strains were vancomycin resistant suggests that the possible use of this combination for combating the spread of vancomycin-resistant enterococci should be explored...
  21. doi request reprint High HIV prevalence in male patients with acute hepatitis A in the Rome metropolitan area, Italy 2002-2008
    Enrico Girardi
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases L Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    J Hepatol 54:1102-6. 2011
    ..However, the prevalence of HIV infection in patients affected by hepatitis A has not been extensively studied and hepatitis A is not considered as an indicator disease for routine HIV testing...
  22. pmc Clinical review: new technologies for prevention of intravascular catheter-related infections
    Stefania Cicalini
    2nd Infectious Diseases Unit, Istituto Nazionale per le Malattie Infettive Lazzaro Spallanzani, IRCCS, Rome, Italy
    Crit Care 8:157-62. 2004
    ....
  23. ncbi request reprint Treatment and outcome of pulmonary arterial hypertension in HIV-infected patients: a review of the literature
    Stefania Cicalini
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases Lazzaro Spallanzani, IRCCS, Rome, Italy
    Curr HIV Res 7:589-96. 2009
    ..The role of the HAART in influencing the outcome of HIV-PAH is controversial, even if some evidences seem to indicate a beneficial effect in the clinical course of the disease...
  24. doi request reprint Myocardial and microvascular inflammation/infection in patients with HIV-associated pulmonary artery hypertension
    Andrea Frustaci
    aCardiovascular, Respiratory, Nefrologic, Anestesiologic and Geriatric Sciences Department, La Sapienza University bCellular and Molecular Cardiology Lab, IRCCS L Spallanzani cInfectious Disease Department, IRCCS L Spallanzani dRadiology Department, La Sapienza University, Rome, Italy
    AIDS 28:2541-9. 2014
    ..Right ventricle compromise affects survival of patients with HIV-associated pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH)...
  25. pmc Accuracy of immunodiagnostic tests for active tuberculosis using single and combined results: a multicenter TBNET-Study
    Delia Goletti
    Translational Research Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Preclinical Research, National Institute for Infectious Diseases INMI L Spallanzani, IRCCS, Rome, Italy
    PLoS ONE 3:e3417. 2008
    ..Carnegie, Australia) and T-SPOT.TB (Oxfordimmunotec, Abingdon, UK)...
  26. pmc Clostridium difficile infection among hospitalized HIV-infected individuals: epidemiology and risk factors: results from a case-control study (2002-2013)
    Stefano Di Bella
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases L Spallanzani, Via Portuense 292, 00149, Rome, Italy
    BMC Infect Dis 15:194. 2015
    ..We aimed to estimate the incidence and to evaluate the risk factors of CDI among an HIV cohort in Italy...
  27. pmc Biopsy-proven autoimmune myocarditis in HIV-associated dilated cardiomyopathy
    Andrea Frustaci
    Biocardiology Laboratory, National Institute for Infectious Diseases Lazzaro Spallanzani, IRCCS, Via Portuense, 292, 00149, Rome, Italy
    BMC Infect Dis 14:729. 2014
    ....
  28. ncbi request reprint Epidemiological aspects of major opportunistic infections of the respiratory tract in persons with AIDS: Europe, 1993-2000
    Diego Serraino
    Department of Epidemiology, National Institute for Infectious Diseases, IRCCS, Rome, Italy
    AIDS 17:2109-16. 2003
    ..To describe the epidemiology of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP), pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) and recurrent bacterial pneumonia (RBP) as AIDS-defining illnesses (ADI) in Europe...
  29. ncbi request reprint Profile of infective endocarditis in a referral hospital over the last 24 years
    Stefania Cicalini
    Second Infectious Disease Unit, National Institute for Infectious Diseases Lazzaro Spallanzani, IRCCS, Via Portuense 292, 00149 Rome, Italy
    J Infect 52:140-6. 2006
    ..To describe changes in demographic, clinical and micro-biological characteristics of infective endocarditis (IE), and to assess factors associated with an increased risk of death...
  30. pmc In vitro activity of tigecycline in combination with various antimicrobials against multidrug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii
    Luigi Principe
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases Lazzaro Spallanzani, Via Portuense 292, Rome 00149, Italy
    Ann Clin Microbiol Antimicrob 8:18. 2009
    ..baumannii, in spite of the limited microbiological and clinical evidence supporting its efficacy. Here, the in vitro interaction of tigecycline with seven commonly used anti-Acinetobacter drugs has been assessed...
  31. ncbi request reprint Role of antiretroviral treatment in prolonging QTc interval in HIV-positive patients
    Pierangelo Chinello
    Second Infectious Diseases Division, National Institute for Infectious Diseases L Spallanzani, Via Portuense 292, 00149 Rome, Italy
    J Infect 54:597-602. 2007
    ..The aims of our study were to assess the prevalence of QTc prolongation in a group of HIV-infected individuals and to evaluate the associated risk factors...
  32. pmc Role of previous hospitalization in clinically-significant MRSA infection among HIV-infected inpatients: results of a case-control study
    Cecilia M J Drapeau
    2nd Infectious Diseases Division, National Institute for Infectious Diseases L Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    BMC Infect Dis 7:36. 2007
    ..The purpose of the study was to assess the risk factors for clinically- significant methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CS-MRSA) infections in HIV-infected patients admitted to Infectious Diseases Units...
  33. pmc Hepatitis E virus genotype 4 outbreak, Italy, 2011
    Anna R Garbuglia
    Lazzaro Spallanzani National Institute for Infectious Diseases, Rome, Italy
    Emerg Infect Dis 19:110-4. 2013
    ..Detection of this genotype in Italy parallels findings in other countries in Europe, signaling the possible spread of strains new to Western countries...
  34. pmc Hemolytic anemia due to acute cytomegalovirus infection in an immunocompetent adult: a case report and review of the literature
    Fabrizio Taglietti
    2ndInfectious Diseases Division, National Institute for Infectious Diseases L, Spallanzani, Via Portuense, 292 00149 Rome, Italy
    J Med Case Rep 4:334. 2010
    ..We performed a review of the literature regarding cases of hemolytic anemia during acute cytomegalovirus infection in apparently immunocompetent individuals. We searched for relevant articles in PubMed for the period of 1980 through 2008...
  35. pmc Detection of Viral RNA in Tissues following Plasma Clearance from an Ebola Virus Infected Patient
    Mirella Biava
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases Lazzaro Spallanzani IRCCS, Via Portuense, Rome, Italy
    PLoS Pathog 13:e1006065. 2017
    ..However, further investigation is needed in order to better understand the clinical meaning of viral replication and shedding in the respiratory tract...
  36. pmc Identification of early secretory antigen target-6 epitopes for the immunodiagnosis of active tuberculosis
    Donatella Vincenti
    Translational Research Unit of the National Institute for Infectious Diseases, Lazzaro Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    Mol Med 9:105-11. 2003
    ..Thus, high T-cell response frequencies to ESAT-6 peptides are present only during active TB and can be used to discriminate between active and latent forms of infection...
  37. doi request reprint Histological and proteomic profile of diabetic versus non-diabetic dilated cardiomyopathy
    Andrea Frustaci
    Department of Cardiovascular, Nefrologic, Anestesiologic and Geriatric Sciences, La Sapienza University, Italy National Institute for Infectious Diseases IRCCS L Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    Int J Cardiol 203:282-9. 2016
    ..Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DbCM) is indistinguishable from idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM) as specific histological and/or biochemical markers are unavailable...
  38. pmc Daptomycin efficacy in the central nervous system of a patient with disseminated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection: a case report
    Fabrizio Taglietti
    Second Infectious Diseases Division, National Institute for Infectious Diseases LazzaroSpallanzani, Via Portuense, 292 00149, Rome, Italy
    J Med Case Rep 6:264. 2012
    ..aureus infections were traditionally limited to hospitals, community-associated cases of methicillin-resistant S.aureus infections have been reported. In our case, we observed an unexpected event during treatment...
  39. doi request reprint The "delivery" of Adam: a medical interpretation of Michelangelo
    Stefano Di Bella
    2nd Infectious Diseases Division, National Institute for Infectious Diseases, Lazzaro Spallanzani, Rome, Italy Electronic address
    Mayo Clin Proc 90:505-8. 2015
    ..However, we see a postpartum uterus and adjacent anatomy, justifying our interpretation that Michelangelo was depicting something far more fundamental: the birth of mankind. ..
  40. pmc Salmonella enterica ssp. arizonae infection in a 43-year-old Italian man with hypoglobulinemia: a case report and review of the literature
    Stefano Di Bella
    Second Infectious Diseases Division, National Institute for Infectious Diseases, Lazzaro Spallanzani, Via Portuense, 292 00149, Rome, Italy
    J Med Case Rep 5:323. 2011
    ..Patients with this infection usually have a history of contact with reptiles or travel abroad. We present a case report of infection in a patient with hypoglobulinemia and a literature review...
  41. pmc Acute hepatocellular and cholestatic injury during therapy with hydrochlorothiazide - clinicohistopathologic findings: a case report
    Fabrizio Taglietti
    II Division of Infectious Diseases, Istituto Nazionale per le Malattie Infettive, Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Lazzaro Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    J Med Case Rep 4:332. 2010
    ..Acute cholecystitis is a well-known complication during treatment with thiazide, and these drugs are also reported to be followed by pronounced insulin resistance...
  42. ncbi request reprint Surgical site infections in plastic surgery: an italian multicenter study
    Cecilia M J Drapeau
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases L Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    J Surg Res 143:393-7. 2007
    ..The aim of the present study was to assess the SSI frequency in plastic and reconstructive surgery settings in Italy and to evaluate the associated risk factors...
  43. ncbi request reprint Nosocomial bloodstream infections among human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients: incidence and risk factors
    Nicola Petrosillo
    Istituto Nazionale per le Malattie Infettive L Spallanzani, Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico, 00149 Rome, Italy
    Clin Infect Dis 34:677-85. 2002
    ..6% and 7.2% among patients with and without NBSIs, respectively (P<.00001). In the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy, NBSIs continue to occur frequently and remain severe and life-threatening manifestations...
  44. doi request reprint High prevalence of intramural coronary infection in patients with drug-resistant cardiac syndrome X: comparison with chronic stable angina and normal controls
    Cristina Chimenti
    Department of Cardiovascular and Respiratory Sciences, La Sapienza University, IRCCS San Raffaele La Pisana Rome, Italy
    Heart 96:1926-31. 2010
    ..Coronary microvascular dysfunction has been reported along with myocardial viral infection. Whether intramural coronary vessels infection plays a role in patients with cardiac syndrome X (CSX) is unknown...
  45. doi request reprint HIV infection and pulmonary arterial hypertension
    Stefania Cicalini
    Second Infectious Diseases Division, National Institute for Infectious Diseases Lazzaro Spallanzani Via Portuense 292, 00149 Rome, Italy
    Expert Rev Respir Med 5:257-66. 2011
    ..This article will focus on HIV-PAH with special considerations to epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical presentation, diagnostic approach and available treatments...
  46. doi request reprint Transitory ventricular tachycardia associated with influenza A infection of cardiac conduction tissue
    Andrea Frustaci
    University of Rome La Sapienza, Rome, Italy
    Infection 44:353-6. 2016
    ..To describe the influence of cardiac conduction tissue infection by Influenza A virus...
  47. ncbi request reprint The initial hospital response to an epidemic
    Nicola Petrosillo
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases Lazzaro Spallanzani, IRCCS, Rome, Italy
    Arch Med Res 36:706-12. 2005
    ..Moreover, hospitals should develop a plan for coordinating all hospital components to respond to critical situations deriving from the admission of patients with highly contagious infectious diseases...
  48. pmc Genetic confirmation of quinine-resistant Plasmodium falciparum malaria followed by postmalaria neurological syndrome in a traveler from Mozambique
    Fabrizio Palmieri
    Istituto Nazionale per le Malattie Infettive Lazzo Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    J Clin Microbiol 42:5424-6. 2004
    ..falciparum isolate obtained by analysis of msp1 and msp2 amplicons revealed the coexistence of two genotypes causing the first malaria episode and the presence of a unique isolate responsible for the recurrence...
  49. ncbi request reprint Contamination by hepatitis B and C viruses in the dialysis setting
    Nicola Froio
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases, Lazzaro Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    Am J Kidney Dis 42:546-50. 2003
    ....
  50. pmc Human herpesvirus 8 and pulmonary hypertension
    Emanuele Nicastri
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases IRCCS Lazzaro Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:1480-2. 2005
    ..No relationship between HHV-8 infection and pulmonary hypertension was found...
  51. ncbi request reprint Incidence and risk factors associated with pressure ulcers among patients with HIV infection
    Emanuele Nicastri
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases, L Spallanzani, IRCCS, Rome, Italy
    Adv Skin Wound Care 17:226-31. 2004
    ..To assess the incidence of and risk factors for pressure ulcers among patients with advanced human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection...
  52. pmc Clinical experience of colistin-glycopeptide combination in critically ill patients infected with Gram-negative bacteria
    Nicola Petrosillo
    2nd Division of Infectious Diseases, National Institute for Infectious Diseases Lazzaro Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 58:851-8. 2014
    ..42; 95% CI, 0.19 to 0.93; P = 0.03). We found that CGC was not associated with higher nephrotoxicity and was a protective factor for mortality if administered for ≥5 days. ..
  53. doi request reprint Radiographic imaging in Ebola Virus Disease: protocol to acquire chest radiographs
    Elisa Busi Rizzi
    Diagnostic Imaging Department, National Institute for Infectious Diseases Lazzaro Spallanzani Rome Italy, Rome, Italy
    Eur Radiol 25:3368-71. 2015
    ..We describe the imaging protocol used by National Institute for Infectious Diseases Lazzaro Spallanzani to acquire chest radiographs in patients with Ebola virus disease...
  54. doi request reprint Prosthetic joint infection: recent developments in diagnosis and management
    Maria Adriana Cataldo
    2nd Infectious Diseases Division, National Institute for Infectious Diseases, Lazzaro Spallanzani, Via Portuense, 29200149 Rome, Italy
    J Infect 61:443-8. 2010
    ..European networks are needed to define the best diagnostic and treatment strategies in order to reduce future challenge posed by PJIs...
  55. pmc Clostridium difficile 027 infection in Central Italy
    Stefano Di Bella
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases L, Spallanzani, Via Portuense 292, Rome, 00149, Italy
    BMC Infect Dis 12:370. 2012
    ..In 2010, 8 cases of CD 027 infections were identified in Italy. Since then, no further reports have been published. We describe 10 new cases of CD 027 infection occurring in Italy...
  56. ncbi request reprint Sildenafil plasma concentrations in two HIV patients with pulmonary hypertension treated with ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitors
    Pierangelo Chinello
    2nd Infectious Diseases Unit, L Spallanzani National institute for infectious diseases, Rome, Italy
    Curr HIV Res 10:162-4. 2012
    ..Therapeutic drug monitoring of sildenafil should be taken in consideration during treatment in order to avoid overdosage...
  57. pmc Duration of viral shedding in hospitalized patients infected with pandemic H1N1
    Silvia Meschi
    Laboratory of Virology, National Institute for Infectious Diseases L, Spallanzani, 292 Via Portuense, Rome, Italy
    BMC Infect Dis 11:140. 2011
    ..This study was aimed at investigating the influence of clinical presentation, antiviral treatment and possible drug resistance-associated mutations, on the extent and duration of viral shedding in patients infected with A/H1N1pdm...
  58. doi request reprint Continuous versus intermittent infusion of vancomycin for the treatment of Gram-positive infections: systematic review and meta-analysis
    Maria Adriana Cataldo
    2nd Infectious Diseases Division, National Institute for Infectious Diseases, Lazzaro Spallanzani, via Portunse 292, 00149 Rome, Italy
    J Antimicrob Chemother 67:17-24. 2012
    ..To summarize available evidence on the effect of continuous infusion (CoI) of vancomycin compared with intermittent infusion (InI) in adult patients with Gram-positive infections...
  59. ncbi request reprint High incidence of tuberculin skin test conversion among HIV-infected individuals who have a favourable immunological response to highly active antiretroviral therapy
    Enrico Girardi
    Dipartimento di Epidemiologia and Dipartimento Clinico, Istituto Nazionale per le Malattie Infettive L Spallanzani, IRCCS, Rome, Italy
    AIDS 16:1976-9. 2002
  60. doi request reprint Treatment of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae: the state of the art
    Nicola Petrosillo
    2nd Division of Infectious Diseases, National Institute for Infectious Diseases Lazzaro Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 11:159-77. 2013
    ..Herein, the authors revise current microbiological and clinical evidences supporting combination therapy for CR-KP infections to address some of these issues...
  61. ncbi request reprint Streptococcus salivarius meningitis and sphenoid sinus mucocele. Case report and literature review
    Aristide Conte
    Second Infectious Diseases, Lazzaro Spallanzani National Institute for Infectious Diseases, Rome, Italy
    J Infect 52:e27-30. 2006
    ..We reviewed the literature concerning meningitis caused by this uncommon organism and to the best of our knowledge this is the first case of S. salivarius meningitis associated with sphenoid mucocele...
  62. pmc Clostridium difficile Toxins A and B: Insights into Pathogenic Properties and Extraintestinal Effects
    Stefano Di Bella
    2nd Infectious Diseases Division, National Institute for Infectious Diseases L Spallanzani, Rome 00149, Italy
    Toxins (Basel) 8:. 2016
    ..difficile toxins, have recently been discovered and will be described. Our review focuses on the toxin-mediated pathogenic processes of CDI with an emphasis on recent studies. ..
  63. ncbi request reprint A nosocomial and occupational cluster of hepatitis A virus infection in a pediatric ward
    Nicola Petrosillo
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases, Lazzaro Spallanzani, IRCCS, Rome, Italy
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 23:343-5. 2002
    ..An interview with the unit personnel revealed several breaches in infection control measures and the lack of vaccination of healthcare workers against HAV ...
  64. doi request reprint High prevalence of myocarditis in patients with hypertensive heart disease and cardiac deterioration
    Andrea Frustaci
    Cardiovascular, Respiratory, Nephrologic, Anaesthesiologic and Geriatric Sciences Department, La Sapienza University, Rome, Italy
    Eur J Heart Fail 15:284-91. 2013
    ..Structural abnormalities causing cardiac deterioration in hypertensive heart disease (HHD) are poorly understood. The aim of the study was to evaluate left ventricular (LV) myocardial changes in patients with HHD and cardiac failure...
  65. doi request reprint Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) for Clostridium difficile infection: focus on immunocompromised patients
    Stefano Di Bella
    2nd Division, National Institute for Infectious Diseases L Spallanzani, Rome, Italy Electronic address
    J Infect Chemother 21:230-7. 2015
    ..During the last two years the first data on FMT in immunocompromised patients began to appear in the medical literature. Herein we summarize the use of FMT for the treatment of CDI with a focus on immunocompromised patients. ..
  66. pmc Nuclear medicine in diagnosis of prosthetic valve endocarditis: an update
    Maria Musso
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases L Spallanzani, IRCCS, Via Portuense 292, 00149 Rome, Italy
    Biomed Res Int 2015:127325. 2015
    ..We performed a review of the literature to assess the available evidence on the role of nuclear medicine techniques in the diagnosis of PVE. ..
  67. pmc Economic considerations of antifungal prophylaxis in patients undergoing surgical procedures
    Maria Adriana Cataldo
    Second Infectious Diseases Division, National Institute for Infectious Diseases, Lazzaro Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    Ther Clin Risk Manag 7:13-20. 2011
    ....