P Pezzotti

Summary

Affiliation: Istituto Superiore di Sanit
Country: Italy

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Direct comparison of time to AIDS and infectious disease death between HIV seroconverter injection drug users in Italy and the United States: results from the ALIVE and ISS studies. AIDS Link to Intravenous Experiences. Italian Seroconversion Study
    P Pezzotti
    Centro Operativo AIDS, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol 20:275-82. 1999
  2. ncbi request reprint The spectrum of AIDS-defining diseases: temporal trends in Italy prior to the use of highly active anti-retroviral therapies, 1982-1996
    P Pezzotti
    Centro Operativo AIDS, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    Int J Epidemiol 28:975-81. 1999
  3. ncbi request reprint [Survival, progression to AIDS and immunosuppression in HIV-positive individuals before and after the introduction of the highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)]
    Patrizio Pezzotti
    Reparto AIDS MST, Laboratorio di Epidemiologia e Biostatistica, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Roma
    Epidemiol Prev 27:348-55. 2003
  4. ncbi request reprint Antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected individuals in clinical practice: are the criteria for initiating and choosing the type of drug regimen based only on immunologic and virologic values?
    P Pezzotti
    Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Centro Operativo AIDS, Rome, Italy
    Eur J Epidemiol 16:919-26. 2000
  5. ncbi request reprint Response to highly active antiretroviral therapy according to duration of HIV infection
    P Pezzotti
    Reparto AIDS e MST, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 26:473-9. 2001
  6. ncbi request reprint Estimating the cumulative number of human immunodeficiency virus diagnoses by cross-linking from four different sources
    Patrizio Pezzotti
    Reparto AIDS e MST, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Viale Regina Elena 299, Rome, Italy
    Int J Epidemiol 32:778-83. 2003
  7. ncbi request reprint Plasma viral load concentrations in women and men from different exposure categories and with known duration of HIV infection. I.CO.N.A. Study Group
    G Rezza
    Centro Operativo AIDS, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 25:56-62. 2000
  8. ncbi request reprint Human herpesvirus 8 seropositivity and risk of Kaposi's sarcoma and other acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related diseases
    G Rezza
    G Rezza, M Dorrucci, P Pezzotti Centro Operativo AIDS, P Monini, B Ensoli Laboratory of Virology, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    J Natl Cancer Inst 91:1468-74. 1999
  9. ncbi request reprint Incidence of Kaposi's sarcoma and HHV-8 seroprevalence among homosexual men with known dates of HIV seroconversion. Italian Seroconversion Study
    G Rezza
    Laboratory of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    AIDS 14:1647-53. 2000
  10. ncbi request reprint Prevalence and risk factors for human herpesvirus 8 infection in northern Cameroon
    G Rezza
    Laboratory of Epidemiology, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    Sex Transm Dis 27:159-64. 2000

Detail Information

Publications63

  1. ncbi request reprint Direct comparison of time to AIDS and infectious disease death between HIV seroconverter injection drug users in Italy and the United States: results from the ALIVE and ISS studies. AIDS Link to Intravenous Experiences. Italian Seroconversion Study
    P Pezzotti
    Centro Operativo AIDS, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol 20:275-82. 1999
    ..To compare the rate of HIV disease progression in a sample of polydrug injectors (AIDS Link to Intravenous Experiences [ALIVE] study) with that in a sample of predominantly opiate injectors (Italian Seroconversion Study [ISS])...
  2. ncbi request reprint The spectrum of AIDS-defining diseases: temporal trends in Italy prior to the use of highly active anti-retroviral therapies, 1982-1996
    P Pezzotti
    Centro Operativo AIDS, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    Int J Epidemiol 28:975-81. 1999
    ..To evaluate time trends of the spectrum of AIDS-defining diseases in Italy, 1982-1996...
  3. ncbi request reprint [Survival, progression to AIDS and immunosuppression in HIV-positive individuals before and after the introduction of the highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)]
    Patrizio Pezzotti
    Reparto AIDS MST, Laboratorio di Epidemiologia e Biostatistica, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Roma
    Epidemiol Prev 27:348-55. 2003
    ..6 (95% CI +34.1; +45.1)per year. This study provides strong evidence that the efficacy of the HAART estimated in the controlled clinical trials has resulted in a real reduction at the population level of morbidity and mortality...
  4. ncbi request reprint Antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected individuals in clinical practice: are the criteria for initiating and choosing the type of drug regimen based only on immunologic and virologic values?
    P Pezzotti
    Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Centro Operativo AIDS, Rome, Italy
    Eur J Epidemiol 16:919-26. 2000
    ..To determine factors associated with beginning antiretroviral therapy and with the number of drugs used...
  5. ncbi request reprint Response to highly active antiretroviral therapy according to duration of HIV infection
    P Pezzotti
    Reparto AIDS e MST, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 26:473-9. 2001
    ..To evaluate whether duration of HIV-1 infection influences the response to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)...
  6. ncbi request reprint Estimating the cumulative number of human immunodeficiency virus diagnoses by cross-linking from four different sources
    Patrizio Pezzotti
    Reparto AIDS e MST, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Viale Regina Elena 299, Rome, Italy
    Int J Epidemiol 32:778-83. 2003
    ..We estimated the cumulative number of people diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in a region of Italy by cross-linking data from four surveillance systems and applying capture-recapture methods...
  7. ncbi request reprint Plasma viral load concentrations in women and men from different exposure categories and with known duration of HIV infection. I.CO.N.A. Study Group
    G Rezza
    Centro Operativo AIDS, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 25:56-62. 2000
    ..According to recent studies, women have lower plasma HIV RNA concentrations than men. However, these studies did not take into account the duration of HIV infection...
  8. ncbi request reprint Human herpesvirus 8 seropositivity and risk of Kaposi's sarcoma and other acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related diseases
    G Rezza
    G Rezza, M Dorrucci, P Pezzotti Centro Operativo AIDS, P Monini, B Ensoli Laboratory of Virology, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    J Natl Cancer Inst 91:1468-74. 1999
    ..Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV8) has also been implicated in KS. We investigated several factors that may determine the onset of KS, particularly HHV8 infection in individuals after becoming seropositive for HIV...
  9. ncbi request reprint Incidence of Kaposi's sarcoma and HHV-8 seroprevalence among homosexual men with known dates of HIV seroconversion. Italian Seroconversion Study
    G Rezza
    Laboratory of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    AIDS 14:1647-53. 2000
    ..To evaluate temporal trends of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) and of the KS-related human herpesvirus (HHV-8) among homosexual men who seroconverted for HIV between 1984 and 1997...
  10. ncbi request reprint Prevalence and risk factors for human herpesvirus 8 infection in northern Cameroon
    G Rezza
    Laboratory of Epidemiology, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    Sex Transm Dis 27:159-64. 2000
    ..The modes of transmission of HHV-8 are still unclear...
  11. ncbi request reprint Prevalence and determinants of anti-lytic and anti-latent antibodies to human herpesvirus-8 among Italian individuals at risk of sexually and parenterally transmitted infections
    G Rezza
    Centro Operativo AIDS Laboratory of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    Int J Cancer 77:361-5. 1998
    ..In addition, the presence of HHV-8 antibodies in HIV-negative non-IDU heterosexual contacts and in healthy blood donors is consistent with the high incidence of classic KS in Italy...
  12. ncbi request reprint Incidence and consequences of pregnancy in women with known duration of HIV infection. Italian Seroconversion Study Group
    M B Alliegro
    Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Laboratory of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Centro Operativo AIDS, Rome, Italy
    Arch Intern Med 157:2585-90. 1997
    ..The increasing incidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in women of childbearing age led us to evaluate whether pregnancy affects the natural history of this disease...
  13. ncbi request reprint Anti-nef antibodies and other predictors of disease progression in HIV-1 seropositive injecting drug users
    G Rezza
    AIDS Unit, Laboratory of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, , Roma, Italy
    J Biol Regul Homeost Agents 6:15-20. 1992
    ..This study also confirms the usefulness of other markers, such as p24 Ag, B2-M and number of CD4+ lymphocytes previously shown to be predictive of rapid disease progression for predicting the course of HIV seropositive IDUs...
  14. ncbi request reprint Does HHV-8 have a protective role on the development of HIV encephalopathy? Italian HIV-Seroconversion Study
    G Rezza
    AIDS and STD Unit, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    Neurology 53:2032-6. 1999
    ..To evaluate risk factors for HIV encephalopathy and whether Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) and coinfection with human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) protect against this disease in a cohort of HIV seroconverters...
  15. ncbi request reprint Longitudinal analysis of the 90K glycoprotein in the Italian HIV-seroconversion study: temporal trend and predictability of the maturity of HIV infection
    M Dorrucci
    Epidemiology Unit, Department for Infectious Diseases, Roma, Italy
    J Biol Regul Homeost Agents 18:18-25. 2004
    ..To evaluate the level of 90K as a predictor of AIDS; to describe 90K levels over time after HIV serconversion; and to evaluate the 90K level as a marker of the maturity of infection...
  16. ncbi request reprint Differential impact of combined antiretroviral therapy on the survival of italian patients with specific AIDS-defining illnesses
    S Conti
    Laboratory of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 25:451-8. 2000
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate whether combined antiretroviral therapies had a differential impact on the survival of patients with different AIDS-defining illnesses (ADIs)...
  17. ncbi request reprint Frequency and determinants of use of antiretroviral and prophylactic therapies against Pneumocystis carinii Pneumonia (PCP) before AIDS diagnosis in Italy
    P A Napoli
    Centro Operativo AIDS, Laboratory of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    Eur J Epidemiol 14:41-7. 1998
    ..Results were similar for PCP prophylaxis. Lack of awareness of HIV infection, HIV exposure category, and geographical area were the most important factors associated with treatment before AIDS diagnosis...
  18. ncbi request reprint Markers of response to zidovudine monotherapy among treated HIV seroconverters. Italian Seroconversion Study
    G Rezza
    Centro Operativo AIDS, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    Antivir Ther 2:167-74. 1997
    ..The combined use of these indicators may help to better predict who will respond to zidovudine or to other antiretroviral therapies...
  19. ncbi request reprint Changing disease patterns in focal brain lesion-causing disorders in AIDS
    A Ammassari
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Catholic University, Rome, Italy
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol 18:365-71. 1998
    ..S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) criteria for presumptive diagnosis of toxoplasmic encephalitis (TE) for the years 1991 to 1996...
  20. ncbi request reprint Self-reported symptoms and medication side effects influence adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy in persons with HIV infection
    A Ammassari
    Clinica delle Malattie Infettive, Universita Cattolica del S Cuore, Roma, Italy
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 28:445-9. 2001
    ..To identify variables predictive of nonadherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and to assess whether self-reported symptoms or medication side effects are related to adherence...
  21. ncbi request reprint Increasing proportion of late testers among AIDS cases in Italy, 1996-2002
    B Longo
    Department of Infectious, Parasitic and Immunomediated Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    AIDS Care 17:834-41. 2005
    ..In conclusion, late testing results in missed opportunities for preventing and treating HIV infection, leading to an increased risk of developing preventable opportunistic infections and death...
  22. ncbi request reprint AIDS-related focal brain lesions in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy
    A Ammassari
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Catholic University, Rome, Italy
    Neurology 55:1194-200. 2000
    ..To compare the years since the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) with the pre-HAART era for trends in the proportions of HIV-related focal brain lesion-causing disorders...
  23. ncbi request reprint Hospital use by HIV patients in Italy: a retrospective longitudinal study. National Study Group on HIV-Related Hospital Use
    D Greco
    AIDS Operational Center, , Rome, Italy
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 4:471-9. 1991
    ..Possible reasons for this decrease in proportion of time spent in the hospital include longer life span of patients and expansion of outpatient care, as has already been reported in the United States...
  24. ncbi request reprint Incidence and determinants of bacterial infections in HIV-positive patients receiving anti-Pneumocystis carinii/Toxoplasma gondii primary prophylaxis within a randomized clinical trial
    R Murri
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Catholic University, Rome, Italy
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 27:49-55. 2001
    ..82; p <.05 and HR, 10.15; p <.05, respectively). In conclusion, CTX at the dosage employed for primary PCP/TE prophylaxis does not seem to protect against bacterial infections more than second-line DP...
  25. ncbi request reprint An analysis of individual, household, and environmental risk factors for intestinal helminth infection among children in Qena Governorate, Upper Egypt
    F Curtale
    International Course for PHC Managers Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy
    J Trop Pediatr 45:14-7. 1999
    ..The present results are consistent with those of former studies and highlight the importance of a multisectorial approach in the control of intestinal helminth infection...
  26. ncbi request reprint Association between HIV-1 infection and miscarriage: a retrospective study. DIANAIDS Collaborative Study Group. Diagnosi Iniziale Anomalie Neoplastiche AIDS
    C D'Ubaldo
    Centro di Riferimento AIDS Servizio di Epidemiologia delle Malattie Infettive, Istituto di Ricoveroe Cura a Carrattere Scientifico Lazzaro Spallanzani Hospital, Rome, Italy
    AIDS 12:1087-93. 1998
    ..To determine the role of HIV-1 infection on miscarriage, we compared the obstetric histories of a cohort of HIV-1-infected and uninfected Italian women...
  27. ncbi request reprint Prevalence, incidence and correlates of HHV-8/KSHV infection and Kaposi's sarcoma in renal and liver transplant recipients
    M Andreoni
    Infectious Disease Clinic, Tor Vergata University, S. Eugenio Hospital, Rome, Italy
    J Infect 43:195-9. 2001
    ..However, renal transplant recipients tend to have a higher risk of KS. HHV-8/KSHV reactivation appears to play a greater role on the risk of KS than incident infections...
  28. ncbi request reprint Time to discontinuation of the first highly active antiretroviral therapy regimen: a comparison between protease inhibitor- and non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor-containing regimens
    M Dorrucci
    , Reparto AIDS/MST, Rome, Italy
    AIDS 15:1733-6. 2001
    ..8%) discontinued their first regimen. No statistically significant difference was found in the time to discontinuation by specific type of regimen, either when considered overall or by specific reason...
  29. doi request reprint Antiretroviral treatment-based cost saving interventions may offset expenses for new patients and earlier treatment start
    C Angeletti
    National Institute for Infectious Diseases L Spallanzani, Rome, Italy
    HIV Med 15:165-74. 2014
    ..The present study estimated the short/medium-term cost trends in response to the recent evolution of national guidelines and regional therapeutic protocols for cART in Italy...
  30. doi request reprint Measles outbreak in the Lazio region of Italy: surveillance and impact on emergency departments and hospitalizations
    P Pezzotti
    Laziosanita Agenzia di sanita pubblica, Rome, Italy
    Ann Ig 25:299-309. 2013
    ..Here we describe an outbreak that occurred in 2010-2011 in Lazio region, Central Italy, and its impact on some health care services (i.e., Emergency Departments (EDs) and hospital clinics)...
  31. doi request reprint Self-reported sexual dysfunction is frequent among HIV-infected persons and is associated with suboptimal adherence to antiretrovirals
    Maria Paola Trotta
    Istituto Nazionale per le Malattie Infettive, L Spallanzani IRCCS, Rome, Italy
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 22:291-9. 2008
    ..44; 95% CI 1.30-9.08). In conclusion, patients' perceived SD represents a relevant problem for HIV-infected persons treated with antiretrovirals and is strongly associated with suboptimal HAART adherence...
  32. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of IgM and IgG antibodies to West Nile virus among blood donors in an affected area of north-eastern Italy, summer 2009
    P Pezzotti
    Lazio Sanita Agenzia di Sanita Pubblica Public Health Agency, Rome, Italy
    Euro Surveill 16:. 2011
    ....
  33. doi request reprint Clinical predictors and microbiology of ventilator-associated pneumonia in the intensive care unit: a retrospective analysis in six Italian hospitals
    D Delle Rose
    Clinical Infectious Diseases, Tor Vergata University Hospital, V le Oxford 81, 00133, Rome, Italy
    Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 35:1531-9. 2016
    ..Neurological disorders and emergency referral at the admission into the ICU are significantly associated with the onset of VAP. A high incidence of multi-drug resistant Gram- species was detected in the respiratory specimens. ..
  34. ncbi request reprint Cytotoxin-associated gene A and vacuolating cytotoxin A in human isolates of Helicobacter pylori and their association with the clinical status of ulcer disease
    A Carattoli
    Laboratorio di Batteriologia e Micologia Medica, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 12:1207-13. 2000
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate whether different Helicobacter pylori genotypes are associated with different clinical stages of peptic ulcer disease (PUD)...
  35. ncbi request reprint Monitoring the trend of the transmission rate of vertically acquired HIV infection: a simple method applied to Italian data
    E Girardi
    Epidemiologic Department, National Institute for Infectious Diseases Lazzaro Spallanzani-IRCCS, Rome, Italy
    J Biol Regul Homeost Agents 15:229-34. 2001
    ..The method presented here could be useful for monitoring the impact of interventions aimed at reducing HIV vertical transmission rate...
  36. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of sexual and physical abuse and its relationship with symptom manifestations in patients with chronic organic and functional gastrointestinal disorders
    F Baccini
    Department of Clinical Science, La Sapienza, University of Rome, Rome, Italy
    Dig Liver Dis 35:256-61. 2003
    ..This study was aimed to determine: (a) prevalence of abuse history in Italian patients with chronic gastrointestinal disturbances, and (b) relationship between abuse history and clinical manifestations...
  37. ncbi request reprint Clinical signs and household characteristics associated with human fascioliasis among rural population in Egypt: a case-control study
    F Curtale
    Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Ministry of Health, Rome, Italy
    Parassitologia 45:5-11. 2003
    ..r. 3.2). Among dietary habits investigated, eating raw seeds was more common in cases than controls (o.r. 9, P = 0.03) and emerged as a possible new way of infection...
  38. ncbi request reprint Economic evaluation of HIV treatments: the I.CO.N.A. cohort study
    Monica Merito
    Laboratory of Economics and Management, Sant Anna School of Advanced Studies, Piazza Martiri della Libertà 33, 56127 Pisa, Italia
    Health Policy 74:304-13. 2005
    ..To describe the changes in costs of care for HIV-positive patients in Italy after the spread of antiretroviral combination therapies (HAART)...
  39. ncbi request reprint Comparing costs and effectiveness of different starting points for highly active antiretroviral therapy in HIV-positive patients. Evidence from the ICONA cohort
    Monica Merito
    Sant Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy
    Eur J Health Econ 7:30-6. 2006
    ..Although immediate HAART initiation did not affect incidence AIDS and death at high CD4 levels, starting HAART with 200-349 CD4 cells/mm(3) rather than deferring it below 200 CD4 cells/mm(3), proved to be cost-effective...
  40. ncbi request reprint Determinants of hospitalization in a cohort of chronic dialysis patients in central Italy
    Anteo Di Napoli
    Agency for Public Health of Lazio Region, Rome Italy
    J Nephrol 18:21-9. 2005
    ..This study aimed to evaluate the frequency and the determinants of hospitalization, taking into account the demographic, clinical and biochemical data...
  41. ncbi request reprint The effect of hepatitis C on progression to AIDS before and after highly active antiretroviral therapy
    Maria Dorrucci
    Centro Operativo AIDS, Dipartimento di Malattie Infettive, Parassitarie e Immunomediate, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    AIDS 18:2313-8. 2004
    ..To assess the effect of infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) on the progression of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease, before and after the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)...
  42. ncbi request reprint [Estimating prevalence of diabetes mellitus in a Lazio province, Italy, by capture-recapture models]
    Maria Letizia Giarrizzo
    Laziosanità Agenzia di sanità pubblica della Regione Lazio
    Epidemiol Prev 31:333-9. 2007
    ..to estimate the prevalence of diabetes in a Lazio province, Italy, using a record linkage offour patient lists and applying capture-recapture techniques...
  43. doi request reprint Cidofovir in addition to antiretroviral treatment is not effective for AIDS-associated progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy: a multicohort analysis
    Andrea De Luca
    Institute of Clinical Infectious Diseases, Catholic University of Sacred Heart, Lazio Region, Rome, Italy
    AIDS 22:1759-67. 2008
    ..To establish the effectiveness of cidofovir for AIDS-related progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) in patients concomitantly receiving combination antiretroviral therapy...
  44. ncbi request reprint Epidemiology of hepatitis C virus among long-term dialysis patients: a 9-year study in an Italian region
    Anteo Di Napoli
    Agency for Public Health of Lazio Region, Rome, Italy
    Am J Kidney Dis 48:629-37. 2006
    ..The aim of the study is to analyze the prevalence, seroconversion rate, and impact of HCV-positive serological test results on survival...
  45. ncbi request reprint Delayed presentation and late testing for HIV: demographic and behavioral risk factors in a multicenter study in Italy
    Enrico Girardi
    Dipartimento di Epidemiologia, INMI Lazzaro Spallanzani, Roma, Italy
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 36:951-9. 2004
    ..42) reduced the odds of delayed presentation. Interventions aimed at promoting timely access to care of HIV-infected persons should consider differentiated programs for delayed presentation and late testing...
  46. ncbi request reprint Hepatitis C infection increases the risk of the modification of first highly active antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected patients
    Diego Ripamonti
    Antiviral Therapy Unit, Infectious Diseases Department, Ospedali Riuniti di Bergamo, Bergamo, Italy
    AIDS 18:334-7. 2004
    ..Predictors of modification of the regimen were hepatitis C seropositivity, liver cirrhosis, higher baseline viral load, sex (women had a lower risk) and calendar year (lower risk staring in 2000)...
  47. ncbi request reprint Short-term CD4 cell response after highly active antiretroviral therapy initiated at different times from seroconversion in 1,500 seroconverters
    Abdel Babiker
    MRC Clinical Trials Unit, London, United Kingdom
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 32:303-10. 2003
    ..After that time, there is little to be gained in terms of short-term response from initiating HAART before reaching a CD4 count of 200 cells/microL...
  48. ncbi request reprint Identifying recent HIV infections using the avidity index and an automated enzyme immunoassay
    Barbara Suligoi
    Reparto AIDS e MSTl, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 32:424-8. 2003
    ..The standard assay procedure is not modified. This test is simple and inexpensive and could be used for surveillance, decision-making in treatment, and prevention...
  49. pmc Precision and accuracy of a procedure for detecting recent human immunodeficiency virus infections by calculating the antibody avidity index by an automated immunoassay-based method
    Barbara Suligoi
    Reparto AIDS e MST, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Ospedale S Giovanni Addolorata, Rome, Italy
    J Clin Microbiol 40:4015-20. 2002
    ....
  50. ncbi request reprint Does coinfection with Human Herpesvirus 6 have a protective effect for HIV-1 progression?
    Maria Dorrucci
    Infez Med 11:46-8. 2003
  51. ncbi request reprint Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) DNA load and level of immunosuppression in treatment-naive HIV-1-infected patients
    Elisabetta Riva
    J Infect Dis 187:1826-8. 2003
  52. ncbi request reprint Factors associated with the failure of HIV-positive persons to return for scheduled medical visits
    Claudio Arici
    Unita Operativa di Malattie Infettive, Ospedali Riuniti di Bergamo, Largo Barozzi, Bergamo, Italy
    HIV Clin Trials 3:52-7. 2002
    ..To assess in an HIV-positive cohort the cumulative probability of failing to return for scheduled medical visits and to address the factors associated with follow-up discontinuation...
  53. ncbi request reprint Incidence of AIDS-defining cancers after AIDS diagnosis among people with AIDS in Italy, 1986-1998
    Silvia Franceschi
    Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 34:84-90. 2003
    ..5% in 1993-1996 to 2.4% in 1997-1998, but IRs after AIDS could not be evaluated. On account of the marked decline of KS in men in 1997-1998, the overall burden of ADCs in Italy became similar in both genders...
  54. ncbi request reprint Determinants of survival following HIV-1 seroconversion after the introduction of HAART
    Kholoud Porter
    Clinical Trials Unit, 222 Euston Road, London NW1 2DA, UK
    Lancet 362:1267-74. 2003
    ..Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) was introduced in 1997. We aimed to assess the continuing effect of this treatment on survival and progression to AIDS after HIV-1 seroconversion...
  55. ncbi request reprint Discontinuation of maintenance therapy for cryptococcal meningitis in patients with AIDS treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy: an international observational study
    Cristina Mussini
    Clinic of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Azienda Policlinico, Modena, Italy
    Clin Infect Dis 38:565-71. 2004
    ..Recurrent cryptococcal infection should be suspected in patients whose serum cryptococcal antigen test results revert back to positive after discontinuation of maintenance therapy...
  56. ncbi request reprint Epidemiological changes in AIDS and HIV infection in Italy
    Barbara Suligoi
    AIDS and STD Unit, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    Scand J Infect Dis Suppl 106:12-6. 2003
    ..8% in 2001. Although the incidence of both AIDS and new HIV diagnoses has declined, a possible resurgence of the epidemic cannot be ruled out, in light of various factors that could lead to an increasing number of living infected people...
  57. ncbi request reprint Trends in HIV prevalence among drug-users attending public drug-treatment centres in Italy: 1990-2000
    Barbara Suligoi
    Reparto AIDS e MST, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    J Med Virol 73:1-6. 2004
    ..Aggregated national-level data, despite their limitations, represent a reliable tool for monitoring the temporal trend of HIV prevalence among injecting drug-users in Italy...
  58. pmc Changes over calendar time in the risk of specific first AIDS-defining events following HIV seroconversion, adjusting for competing risks
    Abdel Babiker
    Int J Epidemiol 31:951-8. 2002
    ..We wished to evaluate changes over time in the risk of specific AIDS-defining diseases, as first events, using data from individuals with known dates of HIV seroconversion...
  59. ncbi request reprint Discontinuation of secondary prophylaxis for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients: a randomized trial by the CIOP Study Group
    Cristina Mussini
    Clinic of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Azienda Ospedaliera Policlinico, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy
    Clin Infect Dis 36:645-51. 2003
    ..Patients who present with symptoms after discontinuation of secondary prophylaxis should be evaluated for PCP despite high CD4 count and complete virus suppression...
  60. doi request reprint Nerve growth factor and doublecortin expression correlates with improved outcome in children with severe traumatic brain injury
    Antonio Chiaretti
    Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Catholic University Medical School, Rome, Italy
    J Trauma 65:80-5. 2008
    ....
  61. ncbi request reprint [Comparison of two methods for constructing birth weight charts in an Italian region. Years 2000-2003]
    Arianna Polo
    Agenzia di Sanità Pubblica della Regione Lazio, Roma
    Epidemiol Prev 31:261-9. 2007
    ..To apply two different statistical methods to the live births of Lazio region in the years 2000-2003 and calculate updated estimate of the curves of percentiles of birth weight for gestational age...
  62. ncbi request reprint Lower mother-to-child HIV-1 transmission in boys is independent of type of delivery and antiretroviral prophylaxis: the Italian Register for HIV Infection in Children
    Luisa Galli
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 40:479-85. 2005
    ..A possible explanation is that, among infected fetuses, more girls survive up to the end of pregnancy and may take advantage of the benefits of preventive strategies...
  63. ncbi request reprint Excess mortality from liver disease and other non-AIDS-related diseases among HIV-infected individuals in Italy
    Susanna Conti
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 29:105-7. 2002