Karl G Kristinsson

Summary

Affiliation: Landspitali University Hospital
Country: Iceland

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Effective treatment of experimental acute otitis media by application of volatile fluids into the ear canal
    Karl G Kristinsson
    Department of Clinical Microbiology, Landspitali University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland
    J Infect Dis 191:1876-80. 2005
  2. pmc Variable recombination dynamics during the emergence, transmission and 'disarming' of a multidrug-resistant pneumococcal clone
    Nicholas J Croucher
    Pathogen Genomics, The Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SA, UK
    BMC Biol 12:49. 2014
  3. pmc EURISWEB--Web-based epidemiological surveillance of antibiotic-resistant pneumococci in day care centers
    Sara Silva
    Instituto de Tecnologia Quimica e Biologica, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Av, República EAN, PO Box 127, 2781 901 Oeiras, Portugal
    BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 3:9. 2003
  4. doi request reprint Clinical significance of Staphylococcus aureus bacteriuria in a nationwide study of adults with S. aureus bacteraemia
    Hilmir Asgeirsson
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Landspitali University Hospital, Fossvogi, IS 108 Reykjavik, Iceland
    J Infect 64:41-6. 2012
  5. doi request reprint Low mortality of Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia in Icelandic children: nationwide study on incidence and outcome
    Hilmir Asgeirsson
    From the Department of Infectious Diseases, Karolinska University Hospital Unit of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine Huddinge, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden Department of Infectious Diseases Department of Infection Control Department of Clinical Microbiology, Landspitali University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland Faculty of Medicine, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland The Children s Hospital Iceland, Landspitali University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland and Department of Internal Medicine, Akureyri Hospital, Akureyri, Iceland
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 34:140-4. 2015
  6. pmc Mortality in healthcare-associated pneumonia in a low resistance setting: a prospective observational study
    Agnar Bjarnason
    From the Faculty of Medicine, School of Health Sciences, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Infect Dis (Lond) 47:130-6. 2015
  7. pmc Severity of influenza A 2009 (H1N1) pneumonia is underestimated by routine prediction rules. Results from a prospective, population-based study
    Agnar Bjarnason
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland
    PLoS ONE 7:e46816. 2012
  8. doi request reprint Cocolonization of Pneumococcal Serotypes in Healthy Children Attending Day Care Centers: Molecular Versus Conventional Methods
    Martha A Hjálmarsdóttir
    From the Department of Clinical Microbiology, Landspitali University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland and University of Iceland, Faculty of Medicine, Reykjavik, Iceland BioMedical Center of the University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 35:477-80. 2016
  9. doi request reprint Decreased Incidence of Respiratory Infections in Children After Vaccination with Ten-valent Pneumococcal Vaccine
    Samuel Sigurdsson
    From the Faculty of Medicine, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland Department of Clinical Microbiology, Landspitali University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland Department of Mathematics, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland and Children s Hospital Iceland, University Hospital Landspitali, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 34:1385-90. 2015
  10. doi request reprint Does hygiene intervention at day care centres reduce infectious illnesses in children? An intervention cohort study
    Thorolfur Gudnason
    Chief Epidemiologist s Office, Directorate of Health, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Scand J Infect Dis 45:397-403. 2013

Collaborators

  • Magnus Gottfredsson
  • Hilmir Asgeirsson
  • Gunnsteinn Haraldsson
  • Thorolfur Gudnason
  • Kai Blöndal
  • Ari Karason
  • Haraldur Briem
  • Daniel F Gudbjartsson
  • Augustine Kong
  • Sergey Nejentsev
  • Gunnar Tomasson
  • Tomas Gudbjartsson
  • Stuart C Clarke
  • Agnar Helgason
  • Vala Fridriksdottir
  • Cecile Viboud
  • Martha A Hjálmarsdóttir
  • Helga Erlendsdottir
  • Agnar Bjarnason
  • Asgeir Haraldsson
  • Gardar Sveinbjörnsson
  • Samuel Sigurdsson
  • Ýmir Óskarsson
  • Nicholas J Croucher
  • Arthur Love
  • Olafur Baldursson
  • Guđrún Lilja Oladóttir
  • Sigurður Arnason
  • Herminia De Lencastre
  • Alexander Tomasz
  • Steinn Steingrimsson
  • Thorunn R Thorsteinsdottir
  • Sigurdur E Vilhelmsson
  • Gestur Pálsson
  • Ingibjœrg Bjarnadóttir
  • Kari Stefansson
  • Larus J Gudmundsson
  • Adalbjorg Jonasdottir
  • Unnur Thorsteinsdottir
  • Sara Silva
  • Pálína Fanney Gumundsdóttir
  • Ingileif Jonsdottir
  • Gisli Masson
  • Bjarni V Halldorsson
  • Jeffrey C Barrett
  • Yang Luo
  • Thorsteinn Blondal
  • Sigurjon Axel Gudjonsson
  • Aslaug Jonasdottir
  • Arnaldur Gylfason
  • Jelena Knezevic
  • Zlatko Dembic
  • Olafur T Magnusson
  • Hafdis T Helgadottir
  • Helgi Kristjansson
  • Ljiljana Bulat Kardum
  • Mar Kristjansson
  • Patrick Sulem
  • Birgir Hrafnkelsson
  • Brynhildur Pétursdóttir
  • Guðbjörg A Jónsdóttir
  • Þórólfur Guðnason
  • Julian Parkhill
  • William P Hanage
  • Mark van der Linden
  • Jae Hoon Song
  • Kwan Soo Ko
  • Lesley McGee
  • Simon R Harris
  • Raquel Sá-Leão
  • Keith P Klugman
  • Stephen D Bentley
  • Bernard Beall
  • Berglind S Kristjansdottir
  • Janus F Gudnason
  • Kristinn L Hallgrimsson
  • Gudlaug Thorleifsdottir
  • Erla Soffía Björnsdóttir
  • Valtýr Stefánsson Thors
  • Thórólfur Guðnason
  • Eggert Gunnarsson
  • Jonas Almeida
  • Guðjón Vilbergsson
  • Rodrigo Gouveia-Oliveira
  • Ilda Santos Sanches
  • António Maretzek
  • António Brito-Avô
  • Arnar Hauksson
  • Karl Ekdahl
  • João Carriço

Detail Information

Publications23

  1. ncbi request reprint Effective treatment of experimental acute otitis media by application of volatile fluids into the ear canal
    Karl G Kristinsson
    Department of Clinical Microbiology, Landspitali University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland
    J Infect Dis 191:1876-80. 2005
    ..influenzae and 6%-75% of rats infected with pneumococci, compared with 5.6%-6% of rats in the placebo group. Essential oils or their components placed in the ear canal can provide effective treatment of acute otitis media...
  2. pmc Variable recombination dynamics during the emergence, transmission and 'disarming' of a multidrug-resistant pneumococcal clone
    Nicholas J Croucher
    Pathogen Genomics, The Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SA, UK
    BMC Biol 12:49. 2014
    ....
  3. pmc EURISWEB--Web-based epidemiological surveillance of antibiotic-resistant pneumococci in day care centers
    Sara Silva
    Instituto de Tecnologia Quimica e Biologica, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Av, República EAN, PO Box 127, 2781 901 Oeiras, Portugal
    BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 3:9. 2003
    ....
  4. doi request reprint Clinical significance of Staphylococcus aureus bacteriuria in a nationwide study of adults with S. aureus bacteraemia
    Hilmir Asgeirsson
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Landspitali University Hospital, Fossvogi, IS 108 Reykjavik, Iceland
    J Infect 64:41-6. 2012
    ..To evaluate the clinical significance of Staphylococcus aureus bacteriuria (SABU) in adults with S. aureus bacteraemia (SAB)...
  5. doi request reprint Low mortality of Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia in Icelandic children: nationwide study on incidence and outcome
    Hilmir Asgeirsson
    From the Department of Infectious Diseases, Karolinska University Hospital Unit of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine Huddinge, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden Department of Infectious Diseases Department of Infection Control Department of Clinical Microbiology, Landspitali University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland Faculty of Medicine, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland The Children s Hospital Iceland, Landspitali University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland and Department of Internal Medicine, Akureyri Hospital, Akureyri, Iceland
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 34:140-4. 2015
    ..aureus bacteremia (SAB) are sparse. The objective of the study was to evaluate the incidence and mortality of SAB in Icelandic children over time, and to assess the proportions of nosocomial and health-care-associated infections...
  6. pmc Mortality in healthcare-associated pneumonia in a low resistance setting: a prospective observational study
    Agnar Bjarnason
    From the Faculty of Medicine, School of Health Sciences, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Infect Dis (Lond) 47:130-6. 2015
    ..HCAP has been associated with an increased prevalence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) pathogens and with high mortality leading to recommendations for broad empiric therapy...
  7. pmc Severity of influenza A 2009 (H1N1) pneumonia is underestimated by routine prediction rules. Results from a prospective, population-based study
    Agnar Bjarnason
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland
    PLoS ONE 7:e46816. 2012
    ..The performance of prediction rules for CAP during an epidemic with a new infectious agent are unknown...
  8. doi request reprint Cocolonization of Pneumococcal Serotypes in Healthy Children Attending Day Care Centers: Molecular Versus Conventional Methods
    Martha A Hjálmarsdóttir
    From the Department of Clinical Microbiology, Landspitali University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland and University of Iceland, Faculty of Medicine, Reykjavik, Iceland BioMedical Center of the University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 35:477-80. 2016
    ....
  9. doi request reprint Decreased Incidence of Respiratory Infections in Children After Vaccination with Ten-valent Pneumococcal Vaccine
    Samuel Sigurdsson
    From the Faculty of Medicine, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland Department of Clinical Microbiology, Landspitali University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland Department of Mathematics, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland and Children s Hospital Iceland, University Hospital Landspitali, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 34:1385-90. 2015
    ..The aim of the study was to evaluate the number of children visiting the Children's Hospital Iceland for RTIs before and after the introduction of the vaccine...
  10. doi request reprint Does hygiene intervention at day care centres reduce infectious illnesses in children? An intervention cohort study
    Thorolfur Gudnason
    Chief Epidemiologist s Office, Directorate of Health, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Scand J Infect Dis 45:397-403. 2013
    ..In this study, we describe the results of a hygiene intervention cohort trial at day care centres (DCCs) on the rates of febrile, respiratory, and gastrointestinal illnesses in preschool children...
  11. doi request reprint Increasing incidence of late-onset neonatal invasive group B streptococcal infections in Iceland
    Guđrún Lilja Oladóttir
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 30:661-3. 2011
    ..The aim of the study was to determine the epidemiology of neonatal GBS infections to be able to implement therapeutic and preventive measures more effectively...
  12. doi request reprint Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia--Nationwide assessment of treatment adequacy and outcome
    Hilmir Asgeirsson
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Landspitali University Hospital, Fossvogi, IS 108 Reykjavik, Iceland
    J Infect 62:339-46. 2011
    ..To assess the treatment adequacy for Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia (SAB) and its association with outcome on a whole population basis...
  13. doi request reprint Bacteraemia in children in Iceland 1994-2005
    Sigurður Arnason
    The Children s Hospital Iceland, Landspitali University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Acta Paediatr 99:1531-5. 2010
    ..To investigate the aetiology of bacteraemia in children in Iceland, the antibiotic resistance and possible preventive measures...
  14. ncbi request reprint Stability of penicillin-susceptible and nonsusceptible clones of Streptococcus pneumoniae in southern Sweden
    Sigurdur E Vilhelmsson
    Department of Clinical Microbiology, Landspitali University Hospital, 101 Reykjavik, Iceland
    Microb Drug Resist 13:108-13. 2007
    ..pneumoniae, and these factors may be instrumental in determining the success or failure of clones after they acquire resistance...
  15. doi request reprint Prevalence of pilus genes in pneumococci isolated from healthy preschool children in Iceland: association with vaccine serotypes and antibiotic resistance
    Martha A Hjálmarsdóttir
    Department of Clinical Microbiology, Landspitali University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland Faculty of Medicine, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland
    J Antimicrob Chemother 70:2203-8. 2015
    ....
  16. pmc HLA class II sequence variants influence tuberculosis risk in populations of European ancestry
    Gardar Sveinbjörnsson
    deCODE genetics Amgen Inc, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Nat Genet 48:318-22. 2016
    ..9 × 10(-4)). These findings show that the HLA class II region contributes to genetic risk of tuberculosis, possibly through reduced presentation of protective M. tuberculosis antigens to T cells...
  17. pmc Lessons from the past: familial aggregation analysis of fatal pandemic influenza (Spanish flu) in Iceland in 1918
    Magnus Gottfredsson
    Landspitali University Hospital, 108 Reykjavik, Iceland
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:1303-8. 2008
    ..Our data do not provide conclusive evidence for the role of genetic factors in susceptibility to the Spanish flu...
  18. doi request reprint Antimicrobial resistance of Campylobacter spp. isolated from broiler flocks in Iceland 2001-2005
    Thorunn R Thorsteinsdottir
    Institute for Experimental Pathology, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Microb Drug Resist 14:49-53. 2008
    ..Although resistance levels were low and similar to that seen in the other Nordic countries, further research on this matter is needed as there is no antimicrobial selective pressure in chicken farming in Iceland...
  19. doi request reprint Deep sternal wound infections following open heart surgery in Iceland: a population-based study
    Steinn Steingrimsson
    Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Landspitali University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Scand Cardiovasc J 42:208-13. 2008
    ..The aim of this nationwide case-control study was to study the epidemiology and identify risk factors of deep sternal wound infections (DSWI) in Iceland...
  20. pmc Neisseria meningitidis sequence type and risk for death, Iceland
    Magnus Gottfredsson
    Landspitali University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:1066-73. 2006
    ..046). This study shows evolutionary trends of meningococcal isolates in a relatively isolated community and highlights an association between unique STs and poor outcome...
  21. ncbi request reprint [Carriage of group B beta-haemolytic streptococci among pregnant women in Iceland and colonisation of their newborn infants.]
    Ingibjœrg Bjarnadóttir
    Childrens Hospital, Landspitali University Hospital, Hringbraut, 101 Reykjavik, Iceland
    Laeknabladid 89:111-5. 2003
    ..To determine the carrier rate of group B beta-haemolytic streptococci (GBS) of pregnant women in Iceland and the colonisation of their newborns...
  22. doi request reprint Public opinion on childhood immunisations in Iceland
    Ýmir Óskarsson
    University of Iceland, Faculty of Medicine, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Vaccine 33:7211-6. 2015
    ..There is clear evidence for vaccine efficacy and the risk of adverse effects is low. This needs to be communicated to the general public. The aim of the study was to evaluate the public opinion on childhood vaccinations in Iceland...
  23. ncbi request reprint Dynamics of pneumococcal carriage among healthy Icelandic children attending day-care centres
    Gunnar Tomasson
    Department of Clinical Microbiology, Landspitali University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Scand J Infect Dis 37:422-8. 2005
    ..Serotype prevalence fluctuated markedly between y. In conclusion, there was significant variation in serotype prevalence between y, and only 51% of the pneumococci belonged to serotypes covered by the current 7-valent conjugated vaccine...