Frank Schaeffel

Summary

Affiliation: University Eye Hospital
Country: Germany

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Test systems for measuring ocular parameters and visual function in mice
    Frank Schaeffel
    Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, University Eye Hospital, Calwerstrasse 7 1, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Front Biosci 13:4904-11. 2008
  2. doi request reprint Insulin acts as a powerful stimulator of axial myopia in chicks
    Marita P Feldkaemper
    Institute for Ophthalmic Research, Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, Tubingen, Germany
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 50:13-23. 2009
  3. ncbi request reprint Effects of muscarinic antagonists on ZENK expression in the chicken retina
    Michaela Bitzer
    Section for Neurobiology of the Eye, University Eye Hospital, Calwerstr 7 1, 72076 Tuebingen, Germany
    Exp Eye Res 82:379-88. 2006
  4. ncbi request reprint Relative axial myopia in Egr-1 (ZENK) knockout mice
    Ruth Schippert
    Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, University Eye Hospital, Tubingen, Germany
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 48:11-7. 2007
  5. ncbi request reprint ZENK expression of retinal glucagon amacrine cells in chicks: the effect of defocus presented in vivo, in vitro and under anesthesia
    Michaela Bitzer
    Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, University Eye Hospital, Calwerstr 7 1, 72076 Tuebingen, Germany
    Vision Res 46:848-59. 2006
  6. doi request reprint Transforming growth factor-beta in the chicken fundal layers: an immunohistochemical study
    Ute Mathis
    Ophthalmic Research Institute, Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, Calwerstrasse 7 1, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Exp Eye Res 90:780-90. 2010
  7. ncbi request reprint Contrast sensitivity of wildtype mice wearing diffusers or spectacle lenses, and the effect of atropine
    Christine Schmucker
    Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, University Eye Hospital, Tuebingen, Germany
    Vision Res 46:678-87. 2006
  8. pmc Microarray analysis of retinal gene expression in Egr-1 knockout mice
    Ruth Schippert
    Institute for Ophthalmic Research, Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, University Eye Hospital Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany
    Mol Vis 15:2720-39. 2009
  9. doi request reprint Effects of lenses with different power profiles on eye shape in chickens
    Tudor Cosmin Tepelus
    Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, Ophthalmic Research Institute, Calwerstrasse 7 1, 72076 Tuebingen, Germany
    Vision Res 54:12-9. 2012
  10. doi request reprint The effect of bright light on lens compensation in chicks
    Regan S Ashby
    Institute for Ophthalmic Research, Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, University of Tubingen, Tubingen, Germany
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 51:5247-53. 2010

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications60

  1. ncbi request reprint Test systems for measuring ocular parameters and visual function in mice
    Frank Schaeffel
    Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, University Eye Hospital, Calwerstrasse 7 1, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Front Biosci 13:4904-11. 2008
    ..These variables are important for studies on myopia development in mice, but they are also valuable for phenotyping mouse mutants and for pharmacological studies...
  2. doi request reprint Insulin acts as a powerful stimulator of axial myopia in chicks
    Marita P Feldkaemper
    Institute for Ophthalmic Research, Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, Tubingen, Germany
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 50:13-23. 2009
    ..Glucagon may be involved in the sign of defocus detection, at least in chickens. Since glucagon and insulin often have opposite effects in metabolic pathways, the effect of insulin on eye growth was investigated...
  3. ncbi request reprint Effects of muscarinic antagonists on ZENK expression in the chicken retina
    Michaela Bitzer
    Section for Neurobiology of the Eye, University Eye Hospital, Calwerstr 7 1, 72076 Tuebingen, Germany
    Exp Eye Res 82:379-88. 2006
    ....
  4. ncbi request reprint Relative axial myopia in Egr-1 (ZENK) knockout mice
    Ruth Schippert
    Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, University Eye Hospital, Tubingen, Germany
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 48:11-7. 2007
    ....
  5. ncbi request reprint ZENK expression of retinal glucagon amacrine cells in chicks: the effect of defocus presented in vivo, in vitro and under anesthesia
    Michaela Bitzer
    Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, University Eye Hospital, Calwerstr 7 1, 72076 Tuebingen, Germany
    Vision Res 46:848-59. 2006
    ..To find out whether the retina by itself is able to perform the underlying image processing, we used ZENK to probe responses of amacrine cells to defined amounts of imposed defocus, both in vitro and in vivo...
  6. doi request reprint Transforming growth factor-beta in the chicken fundal layers: an immunohistochemical study
    Ute Mathis
    Ophthalmic Research Institute, Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, Calwerstrasse 7 1, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Exp Eye Res 90:780-90. 2010
    ....
  7. ncbi request reprint Contrast sensitivity of wildtype mice wearing diffusers or spectacle lenses, and the effect of atropine
    Christine Schmucker
    Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, University Eye Hospital, Tuebingen, Germany
    Vision Res 46:678-87. 2006
    ..To find out how spatial vision in mice is affected by wearing of spectacle lenses or diffusers, and by atropine eye drops. This information is necessary to determine which treatments could effectively induce refractive errors in young mice...
  8. pmc Microarray analysis of retinal gene expression in Egr-1 knockout mice
    Ruth Schippert
    Institute for Ophthalmic Research, Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, University Eye Hospital Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany
    Mol Vis 15:2720-39. 2009
    ..To identify genes that could be responsible for the temporarily enhanced axial eye growth, a microarray analysis was performed in knockout and wild-type mice at the postnatal ages of 30 and 42 days...
  9. doi request reprint Effects of lenses with different power profiles on eye shape in chickens
    Tudor Cosmin Tepelus
    Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, Ophthalmic Research Institute, Calwerstrasse 7 1, 72076 Tuebingen, Germany
    Vision Res 54:12-9. 2012
    ..To make use of this observation, lenses can be designed to reduce myopia progression, but it is important to know which power profiles of the lenses are most effective. We have studied this question in chickens...
  10. doi request reprint The effect of bright light on lens compensation in chicks
    Regan S Ashby
    Institute for Ophthalmic Research, Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, University of Tubingen, Tubingen, Germany
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 51:5247-53. 2010
    ..This study was conducted to test how bright light interacts with compensation for imposed optical defocus. Furthermore, a dopamine antagonist was applied to test whether the protective effect of light is mediated by dopamine...
  11. ncbi request reprint Temporal changes of novel transcripts in the chicken retina following imposed defocus
    Sibylle Ohngemach
    Section of Neurobiology, University Eye Hospital, University of Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany
    Mol Vis 10:1019-27. 2004
    ..Moreover, we obtained more sequence information for a yet unidentified gene. We have studied the time course of expressions of these genes following lens or diffuser treatment...
  12. pmc Effects of intravitreal insulin and insulin signaling cascade inhibitors on emmetropization in the chick
    Alexandra Marcha Penha
    University Eye Hospital, Institute for Ophthalmic Research, Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, Tuebingen, Germany
    Mol Vis 18:2608-22. 2012
    ..In the current study, insulin was injected, and these pathways were separately inhibited to determine which is activated when the retinal image is defocused by spectacle lenses...
  13. ncbi request reprint Posttranscriptional regulation of the immediate-early gene EGR1 by light in the mouse retina
    Perikles Simon
    Department of Neuroophthalmology and Pathophysiology of the Eye, Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, University of Tubingen, Germany
    Eur J Neurosci 20:3371-7. 2004
    ....
  14. ncbi request reprint Peripheral defocus does not necessarily affect central refractive development
    Ruth Schippert
    Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, University Eye Hospital Tuebingen, Calwerstrasse 7 1, 72076 Tuebingen, Germany
    Vision Res 46:3935-40. 2006
    ..This raises the hypothesis that peripheral refractive errors imposed by the spectacle lens correction could influence foveal refractive development also in humans. We have tested this hypothesis in chicks...
  15. pmc Insulin, insulin-like growth factor-1, insulin receptor, and insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor expression in the chick eye and their regulation with imposed myopic or hyperopic defocus
    Alexandra Marcha Penha
    University Eye Hospital, Institute for Ophthalmic Research, Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, Tuebingen, Germany
    Mol Vis 17:1436-48. 2011
    ....
  16. doi request reprint The effect of ambient illuminance on the development of deprivation myopia in chicks
    Regan Ashby
    Institute for Ophthalmic Research, Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, University of Tubingen, Tubingen, Germany
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 50:5348-54. 2009
    ..Axial length and refraction were measured at the commencement and cessation of all treatments, with corneal curvature measured additionally in paradigm 2...
  17. doi request reprint Ultrasonography and optical low-coherence interferometry compared in the chicken eye
    Alexandra Marcha Penha
    Institute for Ophthalmic Research, Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, University Eye Hospital, Tuebingen, Germany
    Optom Vis Sci 89:916-21. 2012
    ..To compare ocular biometry [anterior chamber depth (ACD), lens thickness (LT), vitreous chamber depth (VCD), and axial length (AL)] using A-scan ultrasonography and optical low-coherence interferometry (OLCI) in the chicken eye...
  18. doi request reprint Spatial resolution, contrast sensitivity, and sensitivity to defocus of chicken retinal ganglion cells in vitro
    Erich Diedrich
    Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, Institute for Ophthalmic Research, Tuebingen, Germany
    Vis Neurosci 26:467-76. 2009
    ..Furthermore, there was no indication that the retinal ganglion cells responded differently to defocus of either sign, at least for the cells that were recorded in this study...
  19. doi request reprint Effects of myopic spectacle correction and radial refractive gradient spectacles on peripheral refraction
    Juan Tabernero
    Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, Ophthalmic Research Institute, Calwerstrasse 7 1, 72076 Tuebingen, Germany
    Vision Res 49:2176-86. 2009
    ..In contrast, the newly designed RRG lens induced relative peripheral myopia. These results are of interest to analyze the effect that different optical corrections might have on the emmetropization process...
  20. ncbi request reprint In vivo biometry in the mouse eye with low coherence interferometry
    Christine Schmucker
    Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, University Eye Hospital, Calwerstr 7 1, 72076 Tuebingen, Germany
    Vision Res 44:2445-56. 2004
    ..Using this technique, ocular biometry was performed in mice with normal vision and after deprivation of form vision...
  21. pmc Microarray analysis of retinal gene expression in chicks during imposed myopic defocus
    Ruth Schippert
    Institute for Ophthalmic Research, Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, University Eye Hospital Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany
    Mol Vis 14:1589-99. 2008
    ..To screen for new retinal candidate genes that could be involved in the inhibition of ocular growth, we used chick microarrays to analyze the changes in retinal mRNA expression after myopic defocus was imposed by positive lens wear...
  22. ncbi request reprint Early transcriptional changes of retinal and choroidal TGFbeta-2, RALDH-2, and ZENK following imposed positive and negative defocus in chickens
    Perikles Simon
    Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, University Eye Hospital, Tuebingen, Calwerstr, Germany
    Mol Vis 10:588-97. 2004
    ..We have measured early changes in mRNA levels, in response to imposed negative and positive defocus, of the transcription factor ZENK, the retinoic acid synthesis enzyme RALDH-2, and the growth factor TGFbeta-2...
  23. ncbi request reprint Effects of intravitreally and intraperitoneally injected atropine on two types of experimental myopia in chicken
    Sigrid Diether
    Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, University Eye Hospital, Calwerstr 7 1, 72076 Tuebingen, Germany
    Exp Eye Res 84:266-74. 2007
    ..Estimations of the scleral concentrations of atropine after intravitreal injection are compatible with the assumption that the suppression of myopia by atropine occurs by direct inhibition of scleral chondrocytes...
  24. doi request reprint An updated view on the role of dopamine in myopia
    Marita Feldkaemper
    Centre for Ophthalmology, Institute for Ophthalmic Research, Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, Calwerstraße 7 1, 72076 Tuebingen, Germany
    Exp Eye Res 114:106-19. 2013
    ..However, the dose-response function linking light exposure to dopamine and to the suppression of myopia is not known and requires further studies. ..
  25. doi request reprint Contrast adaptation induced by defocus - a possible error signal for emmetropization?
    Arne Ohlendorf
    Ophthalmic Research Institute, Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, Calwerstrasse, Tubingen, Germany
    Vision Res 49:249-56. 2009
    ..To describe some features of contrast adaptation as induced by imposed positive or negative defocus. To study its time course and selectivity for the sign of the imposed defocus...
  26. ncbi request reprint Myopia: the importance of seeing fine detail
    Frank Schaeffel
    Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, University Eye Hospital, Tuebingen, Germany
    Curr Biol 16:R257-9. 2006
    ..Should we carefully avoid any defocus to avoid becoming myopic?..
  27. ncbi request reprint Changes in scleral MMP-2, TIMP-2 and TGFbeta-2 mRNA expression after imposed myopic and hyperopic defocus in chickens
    Ruth Schippert
    Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, University Eye Hospital, Calwerstr 7 1, 72074 Tubingen, Germany
    Exp Eye Res 82:710-9. 2006
    ..These changes were confined to the eyes that also displayed reduced growth, suggesting a role of TGFbeta-2 in the final steps of visual eye growth regulation...
  28. ncbi request reprint Glucagon-related peptides in the mouse retina and the effects of deprivation of form vision
    Ute Mathis
    Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, University Eye Hospital Tubingen, Calwerstrasse 7 1, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 245:267-75. 2007
    ..To learn more about its possible role in emmetropization in mammals, we studied the expression of different members of the glucagon hormone family in mouse retina, and whether their abundance is regulated by visual experience...
  29. ncbi request reprint Pupillographic evaluation of the time course of atropine effects in the mouse eye
    Frank Schaeffel
    University Eye Hospital, Section for Neurobiology of the Eye, 72076 Tuebingen, Germany
    Optom Vis Sci 82:215-20. 2005
    ..Therefore, we have studied the duration of mydriasis in the mouse, a new model of myopia, after topical application of a single eye drop with different doses of atropine...
  30. ncbi request reprint Localization and regulation of glucagon receptors in the chick eye and preproglucagon and glucagon receptor expression in the mouse eye
    Marita P Feldkaemper
    Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, University Eye Hospital Tuebingen, Calwerstrasse 7 1, 72076, Germany
    Exp Eye Res 79:321-9. 2004
    ....
  31. ncbi request reprint A paraxial schematic eye model for the growing C57BL/6 mouse
    Christine Schmucker
    Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, University Eye Hospital, Calwerstr 7 1, 72076 Tuebingen, Germany
    Vision Res 44:1857-67. 2004
    ..We developed a paraxial schematic model of the growing eye for the most common laboratory mouse strain, the C57BL/6 mouse, for the age range between 22 and 100 days...
  32. doi request reprint Visual acuity with simulated and real astigmatic defocus
    Arne Ohlendorf
    Institute for Ophthalmic Research, Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, Tubingen, Germany
    Optom Vis Sci 88:562-9. 2011
    ..To compare the effects of "simulated" and "real" spherical and astigmatic defocus on visual acuity (VA)...
  33. doi request reprint Neuronal adaptation to simulated and optically-induced astigmatic defocus
    Arne Ohlendorf
    Institute for Ophthalmic Research, Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, Calwerstrasse 7 1, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Vision Res 51:529-34. 2011
    ..We adapted subjects to "simulated" and optically-induced "real" astigmatic defocus, and studied how much they adapt and how selective adaptation was for the axis of astigmatism...
  34. doi request reprint Binocular lens tilt and decentration measurements in healthy subjects with phakic eyes
    Frank Schaeffel
    Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, Institute for Ophthalmic Research, Calwerstrasse 7 1, Tubingen, Germany
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 49:2216-22. 2008
    ..A simple, portable, easy-to-use, and partially automated device was developed to study lens tilt and decentration in both eyes of 11 healthy subjects with phakic eyes...
  35. doi request reprint More irregular eye shape in low myopia than in emmetropia
    Juan Tabernero
    Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, Ophthalmic Research Institute, Tubingen, Germany
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 50:4516-22. 2009
    ..To improve the description of the peripheral eye shape in myopia and emmetropia by using a new method for continuous measurement of the peripheral refractive state...
  36. ncbi request reprint Noncycloplegic photorefractive screening in pre-school children with the "PowerRefractor" in a pediatric practice
    Frank Schaeffel
    Section of Neurobiology of Eye, University Eye Hospital, Tubingen, Germany
    Optom Vis Sci 84:630-9. 2007
    ..To evaluate the usefulness of the screening for refractive errors, we retrospectively analyzed the data of a large number of unselected children of different ages in a pediatric practice in Tuebingen, Germany...
  37. doi request reprint Fast scanning photoretinoscope for measuring peripheral refraction as a function of accommodation
    Juan Tabernero
    Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, Ophthalmic Research Institute, Calwerstrasse 7 1, 72076 Tuebingen, Germany
    J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis 26:2206-10. 2009
    ..Peripheral refraction profiles were largely preserved during accommodation but were different in each individual. Apparently, the accommodating lens changes its focal length evenly over the central 90 degrees of the visual field...
  38. doi request reprint Lack of oblique astigmatism in the chicken eye
    Felix M Maier
    Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, Ophthalmic Research Institute, Calwerstraße 7 1, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Vision Res 109:68-76. 2015
    ..Since corneal shape cannot account for the difference in astigmatism in humans and chicks, it must trace back to the design of the crystalline lens. The lack of peripheral astigmatism in chicks also excludes a role in emmetropization...
  39. doi request reprint Variations of pupil centration and their effects on video eye tracking
    Ulrich Wildenmann
    Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, Ophthalmic Research Institute, Tuebingen, Germany
    Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 33:634-41. 2013
    ..To evaluate measurement errors that are introduced in video eye tracking when pupil centration changes with pupil size...
  40. doi request reprint Individual set-point and gain of emmetropization in chickens
    Tudor Cosmin Tepelus
    Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, Ophthalmic Research Institute, Calwerstrasse 7 1, 72076 Tuebingen, Germany
    Vision Res 50:57-64. 2010
    ....
  41. ncbi request reprint Grating acuity at different luminances in wild-type mice and in mice lacking rod or cone function
    Christine Schmucker
    Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, University Eye Hospital, Tubingen, Germany
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:398-407. 2005
    ..Furthermore, mutant mice lacking either rods (RHO-/- and CNGB1-/-) or cones (CNGA3-/-), or both, were studied to determine the rod and cone contribution to visual acuity...
  42. doi request reprint Off-axis astigmatism in the isolated chicken crystalline lens
    Felix Maier
    Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, Ophthalmic Research Institute, Elfriede Aulhorn Straße 5 7, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Vision Res 129:61-68. 2016
    ..Since its shape does not explain the low off-axis astigmatism, it must be due to a refined internal refractive index structure...
  43. doi request reprint Is adaptation to perceived interocular differences in height explained by vertical fusional eye movements?
    Felix M Maier
    Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, Ophthalmic Research Institute, Tubingen, Germany
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 54:5020-6. 2013
    ..To find out whether adaptation to a vertical prism involves more than fusional vertical eye movements...
  44. doi request reprint Control of accommodation by longitudinal chromatic aberration and blue cones
    Klaus Graef
    Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, Ophthalmic Research Institute, Tubingen, Germany
    J Vis 12:14. 2012
    ..To better understand the striking overaccommodation that is triggered at wavelengths below 430 nm (below referred to as OAB)...
  45. ncbi request reprint Stimulating human accommodation without changes in focus
    Monika Weiss
    Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, University Eye Hospital, Calwerstr 7 1, 72076 Tuebingen, Germany
    Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 24:207-17. 2004
    ..If emmetropisation and accommodation use similar image processing algorithms, more accommodation would be expected with OFF stimulation...
  46. doi request reprint Off-axis astigmatism in the isolated chicken crystalline lens
    Felix Maier
    Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, Ophthalmic Research Institute, Calwerstraße 7 1, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Vision Res . 2016
    ..Since its shape does not explain the low off-axis astigmatism, it must be due to a refined internal refractive index structure...
  47. doi request reprint Animal models in myopia research
    Frank Schaeffel
    Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, Ophthalmic Research Institute, Tuebingen, Germany
    Clin Exp Optom 98:507-17. 2015
    ....
  48. doi request reprint Effects of a human VEGF antibody (Bevacizumab) on deprivation myopia and choroidal thickness in the chicken
    Ute Mathis
    Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, Ophthalmic Research Institute, University of Tuebingen, Calwerstrasse 7 1, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Exp Eye Res 127:161-9. 2014
    ....
  49. doi request reprint Size of the foveal blue scotoma related to the shape of the foveal pit but not to macular pigment
    Yun Chen
    Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, Ophthalmic Research Institute, 72076 Tuebingen, Germany
    Vision Res 106:81-9. 2015
    ..Unlike the foveal blue scotoma, Maxwell's spot is based on macular pigment as previously proposed...
  50. pmc Intermittent episodes of bright light suppress myopia in the chicken more than continuous bright light
    Weizhong Lan
    Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, Center for Ophthalmology, University of Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Sun Yat Sen University, Guangzhou, China Graduate School of Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience, University of Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany
    PLoS ONE 9:e110906. 2014
    ..Bright light has been shown a powerful inhibitor of myopia development in animal models. We studied which temporal patterns of bright light are the most potent in suppressing deprivation myopia in chickens...
  51. ncbi request reprint Measurement of refractive state and deprivation myopia in two strains of mice
    Frank Schaeffel
    University Eye Hospital, Section for Neurobiology of the Eye, Tuebingen, Germany
    Optom Vis Sci 81:99-110. 2004
    ..We have investigated how precisely eyes of mice can be refracted and tested whether deprivation myopia can be induced by frosted diffusers...
  52. ncbi request reprint Effects of quisqualic acid on retinal ZENK expression induced by imposed defocus in the chick eye
    Michaela Bitzer
    University Eye Hospital, Section for Neurobiology of the Eye, Tuebingen, Germany
    Optom Vis Sci 81:127-36. 2004
    ..ZENK may, therefore, have an important role in emmetropization. To learn more about its regulation, we have studied its expression after retinal intoxication with quisqualic acid (QA, a glutamatergic excitotoxin)...
  53. ncbi request reprint Corneal topography, refractive state, and accommodation in harbor seals (Phoca vitulina)
    Frederike D Hanke
    University of Freiburg, Institute of Biology I Zoology, D 79112 Freiburg, Germany
    Vision Res 46:837-47. 2006
    ..The brightness distribution in the pupils suggest the presence of a multifocal dioptric apparatus in air and underwater. We found a first indication for accommodation by dynamic recordings underwater...
  54. ncbi request reprint Optical aberrations in the mouse eye
    Elena García de la Cera
    Instituto de Optica Daza de Valdes, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Madrid, Spain
    Vision Res 46:2546-53. 2006
    ..In this study, we measured the ocular aberrations in the wild type mouse...
  55. ncbi request reprint Peripheral refractive errors in myopic, emmetropic, and hyperopic young subjects
    Anne Seidemann
    University Eye Hospital, Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, Calwerstrasse 7 1, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis 19:2363-73. 2002
    ..The finding of general peripheral myopia was unexpected. Its possible roles in foveal refractive development are discussed...
  56. ncbi request reprint Kappa and Hirschberg ratio measured with an automated video gaze tracker
    Frank Schaeffel
    Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, University Eye Hospital, Tuebingen, Germany
    Optom Vis Sci 79:329-34. 2002
    ..To develop a fast automated procedure to measure kappa and the Hirschberg ratio for immediate use in a video gaze tracker...
  57. ncbi request reprint Evidence for a potential role of glucagon during eye growth regulation in chicks
    Marita P Feldkaemper
    University Eye Hospital Tuebingen, Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, Calwerstrasse 7 1 72076 Tuebingen, Germany
    Vis Neurosci 19:755-66. 2002
    ..The results of the study are in line with the hypothesis that glucagon plays a role in the visual control of eye growth in the chick...
  58. ncbi request reprint Effects of longitudinal chromatic aberration on accommodation and emmetropization
    Anne Seidemann
    University Eye Hospital, Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, Calwerstr 7 1, 72076, Tuebingen, Germany
    Vision Res 42:2409-17. 2002
    ..The apparently contradictory result was studied in more detail in humans and chickens...
  59. pmc A microarray analysis of retinal transcripts that are controlled by image contrast in mice
    Christine Brand
    Section for Neurobiology of the Eye, University Eye Hospital Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany
    Mol Vis 13:920-32. 2007
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the changes in retinal mRNA expression after different periods of visual deprivation in mice, while controlling for retinal illuminance...
  60. ncbi request reprint An evaluation of the lag of accommodation using photorefraction
    Anne Seidemann
    Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, University Eye Hospital, Calwerstr 7 1, 72076, Tuebingen, Germany
    Vision Res 43:419-30. 2003
    ..Therefore, we have measured it with another technique, eccentric infrared photorefraction (the PowerRefractor), and studied how it can be modified...