Affiliation: Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry
- The Bradford Hill considerations on causality: a counterfactual perspectiveMichael Hofler
Clinical Psychology and Epidemiology, Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Kraepelinstrasse 2 10, 80804 München, Germany
Emerg Themes Epidemiol 2:11. 2005..The key analysis tool to assess the applicability of Hill's considerations is multiple bias modelling (Bayesian methods and Monte Carlo sensitivity analysis); these methods should be used much more frequently...
- Causal inference based on counterfactualsM Hofler
Clinical Psychology and Epidemiology, Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Munich, Germany
BMC Med Res Methodol 5:28. 2005..The counterfactual or potential outcome model has become increasingly standard for causal inference in epidemiological and medical studies...
- The use of weights to account for non-response and drop-outMichael Hofler
Max Planck Institut of Psychiatry, Clinical Psychology and Epidemiology, Kraepelinstr 2 10, 80804, Munchen, Germany
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 40:291-9. 2005..Non-participation and drop-out may introduce a bias whose magnitude depends on how strongly its determinants are related to the respective parameter of interest...
- Calculating control variables with age at onset data to adjust for conditions prior to exposureMichael Hofler
Clinical Psychology and Epidemiology, Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Kraepelinstr 2 10, 80804 München, Germany
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 40:731-6. 2005..On the other hand, adjustment for such variables can also be a source of underestimation because such variables may be the causal consequence of X and part of the mechanism that leads from X to Y...
- The effect of misclassification on the estimation of association: a reviewMichael Hofler
Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Clinical Psychology and Epidemiology, Munich, Germany
Int J Methods Psychiatr Res 14:92-101. 2005..The best way to overcome misclassification is to avoid it by design, but some statistical methods are useful for reducing bias if misclassification cannot be avoided...
- Primary anxiety disorders and the development of subsequent alcohol use disorders: a 4-year community study of adolescents and young adultsP Zimmermann
Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Clinical Psychology and Epidemiology Unit, Munich, Germany
Psychol Med 33:1211-22. 2003..However, prospective data that follow a sample of adolescents into adulthood are needed to confirm these associations...
- Prevalence and recognition of depressive syndromes in German primary care settings: poorly recognized and treated?H U Wittchen
Department of Clinical Psychology and Epidemiology, Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Munich, Germany
Int Clin Psychopharmacol 16:121-35. 2001....
- Developing effective screening strategies in multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN 1) on the basis of clinical and sequencing data of German patients with MEN 1L Schaaf
Endocrinology and Clinical Chemistry, Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Kraepelinstrasse 10, 80804 Munich, Germany
Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes 115:509-17. 2007..As the tumors appear in an unpredictable schedule, uncertainty about screening programs is persisting...
- Parental psychopathology, parenting styles, and the risk of social phobia in offspring: a prospective-longitudinal community studyR Lieb
Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Clinical Psychology and Epidemiology Unit, Kraepelinstrasse 2, Munich 80804, Germany
Arch Gen Psychiatry 57:859-66. 2000..This article examines the associations between DSM-IV social phobia and parental psychopathology, parenting style, and characteristics of family functioning in a representative community sample of adolescents...
- Differential familial liability of panic disorder and agoraphobiaA Nocon
Research Group of Molecular Psychology, Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Clinical Psychology and Epidemiology, Munich, Germany
Depress Anxiety 25:422-34. 2008..We confirmed and expanded previous results from clinical samples that comorbid PD and AG aggregate in families. AG without PD is not familial, but it might enhance the familial transmission of PD...