Federal Agricultural Research Centre

Summary

Organization: Federal Agricultural Research Centre
Country: Germany

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Antimicrobial susceptibility of streptococci from various indications of swine, horses, dogs and cats as determined in the BfT-GermVet monitoring program 2004-2006
    Stefan Schwarz
    Institut für Tierzucht, Bundesforschungsanstalt for Landwirtschaft, Neustadt Mariensee
    Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 120:380-90. 2007
  2. ncbi Old dogs that learn new tricks: modified antimicrobial agents that escape pre-existing resistance mechanisms
    Stefan Schwarz
    Institute for Animal Breeding, Federal Agricultural Research Centre FAL, Höltystr 10, D 31535 Neustadt Mariensee, Germany
    Int J Med Microbiol 296:45-9. 2006
  3. ncbi Effect of the Fusarium toxin deoxynivalenol (DON) on IgA, IgM and IgG concentrations and proliferation of porcine blood lymphocytes
    Tanja Goyarts
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre FAL, Bundesallee 50, 38116 Braunschweig, Germany
    Toxicol In Vitro 20:858-67. 2006
  4. ncbi Long term feeding of Bt-corn--a ten-generation study with quails
    Gerhard Flachowsky
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre, Braunschweig, Germany
    Arch Anim Nutr 59:449-51. 2005
  5. ncbi The influence of ergot-contaminated feed on growth and slaughtering performance, nutrient digestibility and carry over of ergot alkaloids in growing-finishing pigs
    Simone Mainka
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre, Braunschweig, Germany
    Arch Anim Nutr 59:377-95. 2005
  6. ncbi On the effects of Fusarium toxin-contaminated wheat and the feed intake level on the metabolism and carry over of zearalenone in dairy cows
    K Seeling
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre FAL, Bundesallee 50, D 38116 Braunschweig, Germany
    Food Addit Contam 22:847-55. 2005
  7. ncbi On the effects of graded levels of Fusarium toxin contaminated wheat in diets for gilts on feed intake, growth performance and metabolism of deoxynivalenol and zearalenone
    Sven Dänicke
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre Braunschweig, Bundesallee 50, D 38116 Braunschweig, Germany
    Mol Nutr Food Res 49:932-43. 2005
  8. ncbi Effects of Fusarium toxin-contaminated wheat grain on nutrient turnover, microbial protein synthesis and metabolism of deoxynivalenol and zearalenone in the rumen of dairy cows
    S Danicke
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre FAL Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany
    J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 89:303-15. 2005
  9. ncbi Feeding value of crambe press cake and extracted meal as well as production responses of growing-finishing pigs and dairy cows fed these by-products
    Hartwig Böhme
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre FAL, Braunschweig, Germany
    Arch Anim Nutr 59:111-22. 2005
  10. ncbi Comparative studies on the effect of ergot contaminated feed on performance and health of piglets and chickens
    Simone Mainka
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre FAL, Braunschweig, Germany
    Arch Anim Nutr 59:81-98. 2005

Detail Information

Publications62

  1. ncbi Antimicrobial susceptibility of streptococci from various indications of swine, horses, dogs and cats as determined in the BfT-GermVet monitoring program 2004-2006
    Stefan Schwarz
    Institut für Tierzucht, Bundesforschungsanstalt for Landwirtschaft, Neustadt Mariensee
    Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 120:380-90. 2007
    ..Resistance to penicillins or cephalosporins was very rarely detected - if at all...
  2. ncbi Old dogs that learn new tricks: modified antimicrobial agents that escape pre-existing resistance mechanisms
    Stefan Schwarz
    Institute for Animal Breeding, Federal Agricultural Research Centre FAL, Höltystr 10, D 31535 Neustadt Mariensee, Germany
    Int J Med Microbiol 296:45-9. 2006
    ..In this report, two examples for such successful developments, one from human medicine (telithromycin) and the other from veterinary medicine (florfenicol), are presented...
  3. ncbi Effect of the Fusarium toxin deoxynivalenol (DON) on IgA, IgM and IgG concentrations and proliferation of porcine blood lymphocytes
    Tanja Goyarts
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre FAL, Bundesallee 50, 38116 Braunschweig, Germany
    Toxicol In Vitro 20:858-67. 2006
    ..Serum IgA of pigs showed no significant differences between the groups, whereas IgM and IgG were significant increased in the DON acute group...
  4. ncbi Long term feeding of Bt-corn--a ten-generation study with quails
    Gerhard Flachowsky
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre, Braunschweig, Germany
    Arch Anim Nutr 59:449-51. 2005
    ..Feeding of diets containing genetically-modified corn did not significantly influence health and performance of quails nor did it affect DNA-transfer and quality of meat and eggs of quails compared with the isogenic counterpart...
  5. ncbi The influence of ergot-contaminated feed on growth and slaughtering performance, nutrient digestibility and carry over of ergot alkaloids in growing-finishing pigs
    Simone Mainka
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre, Braunschweig, Germany
    Arch Anim Nutr 59:377-95. 2005
    ..No genuine ergot alkaloids were found in physiological samples. The balance trials demonstrated a significantly decreased protein digestibility for the most highly supplemented diet...
  6. ncbi On the effects of Fusarium toxin-contaminated wheat and the feed intake level on the metabolism and carry over of zearalenone in dairy cows
    K Seeling
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre FAL, Bundesallee 50, D 38116 Braunschweig, Germany
    Food Addit Contam 22:847-55. 2005
    ..6 and 20.5 kg day(-1), respectively, and milk yields (fat corrected milk, FCM) between 10 and 42 kg day(-1)...
  7. ncbi On the effects of graded levels of Fusarium toxin contaminated wheat in diets for gilts on feed intake, growth performance and metabolism of deoxynivalenol and zearalenone
    Sven Dänicke
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre Braunschweig, Bundesallee 50, D 38116 Braunschweig, Germany
    Mol Nutr Food Res 49:932-43. 2005
    ..The maximum ratio between DON concentration in liver and diet was 0.0013, and suggests that a possible contamination of pig liver with DON is negligible and does not contribute significantly to human DON exposure...
  8. ncbi Effects of Fusarium toxin-contaminated wheat grain on nutrient turnover, microbial protein synthesis and metabolism of deoxynivalenol and zearalenone in the rumen of dairy cows
    S Danicke
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre FAL Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany
    J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 89:303-15. 2005
    ....
  9. ncbi Feeding value of crambe press cake and extracted meal as well as production responses of growing-finishing pigs and dairy cows fed these by-products
    Hartwig Böhme
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre FAL, Braunschweig, Germany
    Arch Anim Nutr 59:111-22. 2005
    ..CPC and CEM feeding decreased the iodine content from 271-117 microg/kg and from 182-77 microg, respectively. It is recommended that crambe by-products should not exceed 15% in concentrates or an intake of 1 kg/d for dairy cows...
  10. ncbi Comparative studies on the effect of ergot contaminated feed on performance and health of piglets and chickens
    Simone Mainka
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre FAL, Braunschweig, Germany
    Arch Anim Nutr 59:81-98. 2005
    ..8 mg and 11.1 mg total ergot alkaloids/kg although live performance remained unaffected. Further studies are necessary to define the critical level of ergot alkaloids in dependence on alkaloid pattern...
  11. ncbi On the effects of a chronic deoxynivalenol intoxication on performance, haematological and serum parameters of pigs when diets are offered either for ad libitum consumption or fed restrictively
    T Goyarts
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre FAL, Braunschweig, Germany
    J Vet Med A Physiol Pathol Clin Med 52:305-14. 2005
    ..There were only few differences in haematological and serum parameters, which were characterized by a high variation between individuals. DON and IgA concentrations in serum were significantly influenced by DON exposure...
  12. ncbi Study on the transmission of deoxynivalenol and de-epoxy-deoxynivalenol into eggs of laying hens using a high-performance liquid chromatography-ultraviolet method with clean-up by immunoaffinity columns
    Hana Valenta
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre FAL, Braunschweig, Germany
    Mol Nutr Food Res 49:779-85. 2005
    ..Neither DON nor de-epoxy-DON or glucuronide conjugates of both substances could be detected in any of the samples. These results indicate that eggs do not contribute significantly to the dietary DON intake of humans...
  13. ncbi Effect of glyphosate contaminated feed on rumen fermentation parameters and in sacco degradation of grass hay and corn grain
    Liane Hüther
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre FAL, Braunschweig, Germany
    Arch Anim Nutr 59:73-9. 2005
    ..Kinetic profiles of the in sacco dry matter and NDF degradation of grass hay were almost identical for the dietary treatments...
  14. ncbi Animal nutrition with feeds from genetically modified plants
    Gerhard Flachowsky
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre FAL, Braunschweig, Germany
    Arch Anim Nutr 59:1-40. 2005
    ..It is suggested that studies made with animals will play a much more important role in insuring the safety of these 2nd generation constructs...
  15. ncbi Investigations on the effects of rape oil quality, choline and methionine concentration in diets for laying hens on the trimethylamine content of the eggs, on trimethylamine metabolism and on laying performance
    Sven Dänicke
    Institute of Animal Nutrition of the Federal Agricultural Research Centre FAL, Braunschweig, Germany
    Arch Anim Nutr 60:57-79. 2006
    ..An inadequate methionine supply cannot be compensated by an increased addition of choline. Neither degummed nor refined rape oil influenced the TMA content of eggs...
  16. ncbi Studies on the biotin flow at the duodenum of dairy cows fed diets with different concentrate levels and types of forages
    Peter Lebzien
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany
    Arch Anim Nutr 60:80-8. 2006
    ..4 - 2.0 mg/d) in cows fed the mixed roughage/concentrate diets and negative (-0.71 mg/d) when the pure hay diet was fed...
  17. ncbi Investigations on the effect of the ruminal N-balance on rumen metabolism, urea content in blood serum and milk as well as some liver parameters of lactating cows
    Peter Lebzien
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre FAL, Braunschweig, Germany
    Arch Anim Nutr 60:99-109. 2006
    ..3 g/MJ ME. However, a positive RNB did not increase t he degradation and synthesis capacity of the rumen micro-organisms as compared to RNB = 0...
  18. ncbi Susceptibility of bacterial pathogens against lincomycin/spectinomycin (1/2), penicillin G/neomycin (1/1), and penicillin G/dihydrostreptomycin (1/1) as determined in the BfT-GermVet monitoring program 2004-2006
    Stefan Schwarz
    Institut für Tierzucht, Bundesforschungsanstalt für Landwirtschaft, Neustadt Mariensee
    Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 120:363-71. 2007
    ....
  19. ncbi The BfT-GermVet monitoring program--aims and basics
    Stefan Schwarz
    Institut für Tierzucht, Bundesforschungsanstalt für Landwirtschaft, Neustadt Mariensee
    Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 120:357-62. 2007
    ..This paper describes the overall aims and the structure of the program with particular reference to the sampling strategy, the methodology for susceptibility testing and the interpretive criteria used for evaluation of the results...
  20. ncbi On the specific and unspecific effects of a polymeric glucomannan mycotoxin adsorbent on piglets when fed with uncontaminated or with Fusarium toxins contaminated diets
    Sven Dänicke
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre FAL, Braunschweig, Germany
    Arch Anim Nutr 61:266-75. 2007
    ....
  21. ncbi A proposal of clinical breakpoints for amoxicillin applicable to porcine respiratory tract pathogens
    Stefan Schwarz
    Institut für Tierzucht, Bundesforschungsanstalt für Landwirtschaft FAL, Neustadt Mariensee, Germany
    Vet Microbiol 126:178-88. 2008
    ..5microg/ml as "susceptible", those with MICs of 1microg/ml as "intermediate", and those with MICs of > or =2microg/ml as "resistant"...
  22. ncbi Emissions of gaseous nitrogen species from manure management: a new approach
    Ulrich Dämmgen
    Federal Agricultural Research Centre, Institute of Agroecology, Bundesallee 50, 38116 Braunschweig, Germany
    Environ Pollut 154:488-97. 2008
    ..The importance of accounting for all N species is illustrated by comparing emission estimates obtained using this approach with those obtained from the application the present detailed/Tier 2 methodology...
  23. ncbi Carry-over of Fusarium toxins (deoxynivalenol and zearalenone) from naturally contaminated wheat to pigs
    Tanja Goyarts
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre, Braunschweig, Germany
    Food Addit Contam 24:369-80. 2007
    ..However, the exposure risk to humans by consumption of edible tissues of animals exposed to Fusarium toxins is negligible compared to the direct consumption of grain-based food...
  24. ncbi On the transfer of the Fusarium toxins deoxynivalenol (DON) and zearalenone (ZON) from the sow to the full-term piglet during the last third of gestation
    S Danicke
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre Braunschweig FAL, Bundesallee 50, D 38116 Braunschweig, Germany
    Food Chem Toxicol 45:1565-74. 2007
    ..750). The results of the study suggest that the developing fetus is exposed to DON, ZON and their metabolites when the sows are fed a Fusarium toxin contaminated diet...
  25. ncbi Molecular mechanisms of decreased susceptibility to fluoroquinolones in avian Salmonella serovars and their mutants selected during the determination of mutant prevention concentrations
    Corinna Kehrenberg
    Institut für Tierzucht, Bundesforschungsanstalt für Landwirtschaft FAL, Höltystr 10, 31535 Neustadt Mariensee, Germany
    J Antimicrob Chemother 59:886-92. 2007
    ..Salmonella enterica isolates of six serovars and mutants obtained during determination of mutant prevention concentrations (MPCs) were investigated for mechanisms of decreased susceptibility to fluoroquinolones...
  26. ncbi Influence of roughage/concentrate ratio and linseed oil on the concentration of trans-fatty acids and conjugated linoleic acid in duodenal chyme and milk fat of late lactating cows
    Gerhard Flachowsky
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre FAL, Braunschweig, Germany
    Arch Anim Nutr 60:501-11. 2006
    ..Between 21% and 48% of duodenal t11-C(18:1) were converted into c9, t11-CLA in milk fat...
  27. ncbi On the interactions between Fusarium toxin-contaminated wheat and nonstarch polysaccharide hydrolyzing enzymes in diets of broilers on performance, intestinal viscosity, and carryover of deoxynivalenol
    S Danicke
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre, Braunschweig FAL, Bundesallee 50, D 38116 Braunschweig, Germany
    Poult Sci 86:291-8. 2007
    ....
  28. ncbi [Experiences with the FAMACHA-Eye-Colour-Chart for identifying sheep and goats for targeted anthelmintic treatment]
    Regine Koopmann
    Institut für okologischen Landbau der Bundesforschungsanstalt für Landwirtschaft
    Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 119:436-42. 2006
    ..But if not working hours are the limiting factor, the repeated score could support the selection of pale animals in need to be treated...
  29. ncbi Effects of the Fusarium toxin deoxynivalenol from naturally contaminated wheat given subchronically or as one single dose on the in vivo protein synthesis of peripheral blood lymphocytes and plasma proteins in the pig
    Tanja Goyarts
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre FAL, Bundesallee 50, 38116 Braunschweig, Germany
    Food Chem Toxicol 44:1953-65. 2006
    ..In conclusion, the flooding dose technique appeared to be suitable for distinguishing DON-related effects on the protein synthesis, while determination of plasma protein concentrations seemed not to be an appropriate parameter...
  30. ncbi Foot pad dermatitis and hock burn in broiler chickens and degree of inheritance
    J B Kjaer
    Department of Genetics and Biotechnology, Welfare and Nutrition, Danish Institute of Agricultural Sciences, 8830 Tjele, Denmark
    Poult Sci 85:1342-8. 2006
    ..17 +/- 0.05 (P < 0.01). The relative high heritability of FPD and the low genetic correlation to BW suggested that genetic selection against susceptibility to FPD should be possible without negative effects on BW gain...
  31. ncbi Assessment of novel foods in animal nutrition
    Gerhard Flachowsky
    Institute of Animal Nutrition of the Federal Agricultural Research Centre, Braunschweig, Germany
    Forum Nutr 56:335-7. 2003
    ..In the future, long term feeding experiments for nutritional assessment of novel feeds should be combined with risk assessment studies. Proposal for discussion has been submitted...
  32. ncbi New recommendations for the energy and nutrient supply of dairy cows and heifers in Germany
    Gerhard Flachowsky
    Institute of Animal Nutrition of the Federal Agricultural Research Centre, Braunschweig, Germany
    Forum Nutr 56:331-2. 2003
    ..The derivation of the new recommendations under consideration of physiological aspects has been demonstrated in the paper...
  33. ncbi Production and energetic use of biogas from energy crops and wastes in Germany
    Peter Weiland
    Federal Agricultural Research Centre FAL, Institute of Technology and Biosystems Engineering, Bundesallee 50, D 38116 Braunschweig, Germany
    Appl Biochem Biotechnol 109:263-74. 2003
    ..This article describes the trends in Germany for achieving more efficient energy production...
  34. ncbi Effects of graded levels of Fusarium toxin-contaminated wheat and of a detoxifying agent in broiler diets on performance, nutrient digestibility and blood chemical parameters
    S Danicke
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre, Braunschweig FAL, Braunschweig, Germany
    Br Poult Sci 44:113-26. 2003
    ..Moreover, some clinical-chemical serum parameters were significantly altered due to Mycofix Plus but also independently of the dietary mycotoxin concentration...
  35. ncbi Investigations on genetically modified maize (Bt-maize) in pig nutrition: fattening performance and slaughtering results
    T Reuter
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre Braunschweig FAL, Braunschweig, Germany
    Arch Tierernahr 56:319-26. 2002
    ..For slaughtering the pigs were divided into 4 groups with a different duration of the finishing period. After slaughtering the carcass characteristic were registered...
  36. ncbi Effect of addition of a detoxifying agent to laying hen diets containing uncontaminated or Fusarium toxin-contaminated maize on performance of hens and on carryover of zearalenone
    S Danicke
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre, Braunschweig FAL, Bundesallee 50, D 38116 Braunschweig, Germany
    Poult Sci 81:1671-80. 2002
    ..At the given level of zearalenone and at the indicated detection limits, no residues of ZON and its metabolites were found in eggs. The effects of the tested detoxifying agent were quite mycotoxin-independent...
  37. pmc Staphylococcus sciuri gene erm(33), encoding inducible resistance to macrolides, lincosamides, and streptogramin B antibiotics, is a product of recombination between erm(C) and erm(A)
    Stefan Schwarz
    Institut für Tierzucht, Bundesforschungsanstalt für Landwirtschaft FAL, 31535 Neustadt Mariensee, Germany
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 46:3621-3. 2002
    ..Analysis of the erm(33) reading frame suggested that this gene was the product of a recombination between an erm(C) gene and an erm(A) gene. Such a recombination event is a novel observation for erm genes...
  38. ncbi The measurement of muscle protein synthesis in broilers with a flooding dose technique: use of 15N-labelled phenylalanine, GC-MS and GC-C-IRMS
    S Danicke
    Institute of Animal Nutrition and Planned Crop Storage, Agricultural Faculty, Martin Luther University Halle Wittenberg, Germany
    Isotopes Environ Health Stud 37:213-25. 2001
    ..8%/d to 23.9%/d due to enzyme supplementation. It can be concluded from the study that the measurement of protein synthesis in broilers with the flooding dose technique can be carried out by using [15N]phenylalanine, GC-MS and GC-C-IRMS...
  39. ncbi Sex dimorphism in the avian arginine vasotocin system with special emphasis to the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis
    Roland Grossmann
    Institute for Animal Science and Animal Behaviour, Federal Agricultural Research Centre, D 29223 Celle, Germany
    Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 131:833-7. 2002
    ..In this paper we not only review the sexual dimorphic vasotocinergic system in the BnST, we also focus on the ontogeny of sex differences and the role of gonadal hormones in organization and retention of these differences...
  40. ncbi Endogenous N-losses in piglets estimated by a [15N]-isotope dilution technique: effect of xylanase addition to a wheat and rye based diet
    S Danicke
    Institut für Tierernährung, Bundesforschungsanstalt für Landwirtschaft FAL, Bundesallee 50, D 38 116 Braunschweig, Germany
    Arch Tierernahr 54:209-23. 2001
    ..8 +/- 1.3 g N/kg DM and 2.0 +/- 0.3 g N/kg DM, respectively...
  41. ncbi Genetically modified feeds in animal nutrition. 2nd communication: glufosinate tolerant sugar beets (roots and silage) and maize grains for ruminants and pigs
    H Bohme
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre FAL, Braunschweig, Germany
    Arch Tierernahr 54:197-207. 2001
    ..The corresponding energy values of sugar-beet top silage ranged between 5.2 and 5.5 MJ NEL/kg DM or 8.6 and 9.1 MJ ME/kg DM, with differences considered in the biological range...
  42. ncbi Genetically modified feeds in animal nutrition. 1st communication: Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) corn in poultry, pig and ruminant nutrition
    K Aulrich
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre Braunschweig FAL, Germany
    Arch Tierernahr 54:183-95. 2001
    ..Neither the examined parameters of the fattening experiments with bulls nor the slaughter results showed any significant differences between the bulls fed on silages made from the nontransgenic or transgenic corn...
  43. ncbi Studies on the mode of action of non-starch-polysaccharides (NSP)-degrading enzymes in vitro. 2. Communication: effects on nutrient release and hydration properties
    K Aulrich
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre Braunschweig FAL, Germany
    Arch Tierernahr 54:19-32. 2001
    ..The studies confirmed the applicability of the tested in vitro model as a useful tool for preliminary tests to estimate the effects of NSP-degrading enzymes on nutrient release and changes in some physico-chemical properties...
  44. ncbi Effect of energy source and xylanase addition on energy metabolism, performance, chemical body composition and total body electrical conductivity (TOBEC) of broilers
    S Danicke
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Center FAL, Braunschweig, Germany
    J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 85:301-13. 2001
    ..TOBEC measurements in relation to chemical body composition were rather inconclusive...
  45. ncbi Endogenous N-losses in broilers estimated by a [15N]-isotope dilution technique: effect of dietary fat type and xylanase addition
    S Danicke
    Institut für Tierernährung und Vorratshaltung, Landwirtschaftliche Fakultät, Martin Luther Universitat Halle Wittenberg, Halle Saale, Germany
    Arch Tierernahr 53:75-97. 2000
    ..However, addition of tallow rather than soya oil increased these N-losses significantly, an effect which was reversed by xylanase addition...
  46. ncbi [Antimicrobial susceptibility testing of bacteria isolated from animals: methods for in-vitro susceptibility testing and their suitability with regard to the generation of the most useful data for therapeutic applications]
    Stefan Schwarz
    Institut für Tierzucht, Bundesforschungsanstalt für Landwirtschaft FAL, Neustadt Mariensee
    Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 116:353-61. 2003
    ....
  47. ncbi [Phenotypic and genotypic methods for epidemiological typing of veterinary important bacterial pathogens of the genera Staphylococcus, Salmonella, and Pasteurella]
    Stefan Schwarz
    Institut für Tierzucht, Bundesforschungsanstalt für Landwirtschaft FAL, Neustadt Mariensee
    Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 116:401-16. 2003
    ....
  48. ncbi Effects of graded levels of Fusarium toxin contaminated maize in diets for female weaned piglets
    S Doll
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre FAL, Braunschweig, Germany
    Arch Tierernahr 57:311-34. 2003
    ..957). For all mentioned analyses of residues it has to be noted that toxin residues were detectable even if negligible concentrations were present in the diet...
  49. ncbi In vivo detoxification of Fusarium toxins
    S Doll
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre FAL, Braunschweig, Germany
    Arch Anim Nutr 58:419-41. 2004
    ....
  50. ncbi Dose-response feeding study of chlorinated paraffins in broiler chickens: effects on growth rate and tissue distribution
    K H Ueberschär
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre, Braunschweig FAL, D 29223 Celle, Germany
    Food Addit Contam 21:943-8. 2004
    ..Less than 5% of the CP amount consumed was incorporated into the body, without taking the head, gut, feet and feathers into account...
  51. ncbi Practical considerations for addressing uncertainties in monitoring bulk deposition
    Ulrich Dämmgen
    Institute of Agroecology, Federal Agricultural Research Centre, Bundesallee 50, D 38116 Braunschweig, Germany
    Environ Pollut 134:535-48. 2005
    ..The dependence of measurement accuracy on the number of replicates and the sampling area exposed is discussed. Recommendations are given for sampling strategies, and for making corrections and substitution of missing data...
  52. ncbi In vitro studies on the evaluation of mycotoxin detoxifying agents for their efficacy on deoxynivalenol and zearalenone
    S Doll
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre FAL, Braunschweig, Germany
    Arch Anim Nutr 58:311-24. 2004
    ..Nonetheless in vivo experiments are indispensable to proof the efficacy...
  53. ncbi Molecular basis of bacterial resistance to chloramphenicol and florfenicol
    Stefan Schwarz
    Institut für Tierzucht, Bundesforschungsanstalt für Landwirtschaft FAL, Höltystrasse 10, 31535 Neustadt Mariensee, Germany
    FEMS Microbiol Rev 28:519-42. 2004
    ....
  54. ncbi Industrial bioconversion of renewable resources as an alternative to conventional chemistry
    Th Willke
    Federal Agricultural Research Centre, Institute of Technology and Biosystems Engineering, Bundesallee 50, 38116 Braunschweig, Germany
    Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 66:131-42. 2004
    ..For industrial chemicals (2-4 US dollars/kg), process and recovery costs play a greater role. Here, innovative production technologies and product recovery techniques (e.g. on-line product separation) can increase competitiveness...
  55. ncbi Sulphur supply and infection with Pyrenopeziza brassicae influence L-cysteine desulphydrase activity in Brassica napus L
    Elke Bloem
    Institute for Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, Federal Agricultural Research Centre FAL, Bundesallee 50, D 38116 Braunschweig, Germany
    J Exp Bot 55:2305-12. 2004
    ..Therefore crops were able to react to a fungal infection with a greater potential to release H(2)S, which is reflected by an increasing LCD activity with fungal infection...
  56. ncbi Effects of graded levels of Fusarium-toxin-contaminated wheat in Pekin duck diets on performance, health and metabolism of deoxynivalenol and zearalenone
    S Danicke
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre, Braunschweig FAL, Braunschweig, Germany
    Br Poult Sci 45:264-72. 2004
    ..6. Taken together, it can be concluded that dietary DON and ZON concentrations up to 6 and 0.06 mg/kg, respectively, did not adversely affect performance and health of growing Pekin ducks...
  57. ncbi Nutrient balances as indicators for sustainability of broiler production systems
    S Kratz
    Institute of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, Federal Agricultural Research Centre FAL, Braunschweig, Germany
    Br Poult Sci 45:149-57. 2004
    ..In addition to nutrient balances, further indicators of sustainability, such as human and ecological toxicity, should be considered...
  58. ncbi On the toxicokinetics and the metabolism of deoxynivalenol (DON) in the pig
    S Danicke
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre FAL Braunschweig, Germany
    Arch Anim Nutr 58:169-80. 2004
    ..It was concluded that de-epoxydation of DON, which primarily occurs in the hindgut, probably does not contribute much to a detoxification in the pig...
  59. ncbi Progression of mycotoxin and nutrient concentrations in wheat after inoculation with Fusarium culmorum
    K Matthäus
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre FAL, Braunschweig, Germany
    Arch Anim Nutr 58:19-35. 2004
    ..This would suggest that the cell wall penetrating properties of the fungus itself and/or that the fungus induced alterations of the metabolic activity of the embryo or other constituents of the wheat kernel could be responsible...
  60. ncbi Effects of graded levels of Fusarium toxin contaminated wheat in diets for fattening pigs on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, deoxynivalenol balance and clinical serum characteristics
    S Danicke
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre FAL Braunschweig, Germany
    Arch Anim Nutr 58:1-17. 2004
    ..Total recovery of DON plus de-epoxy-DON as percentage of DON-intake varied between 45 and 57% and was not influenced by dietary DON-concentration. Only a very small fraction of approximately 0.1% of ingested DON was recovered in faeces...
  61. ncbi In vitro activities of spectinomycin and comparator agents against Pasteurella multocida and Mannheimia haemolytica from respiratory tract infections of cattle
    Stefan Schwarz
    Institut für Tierzucht der Bundesforschungsanstalt für Landwirtschaft FAL, Höltystrasse 10, 31535 Neustadt Mariensee, Germany
    J Antimicrob Chemother 53:379-82. 2004
    ..The data obtained should serve as a baseline from which to judge the future development of resistance. Moreover, the in vitro activity of spectinomycin in comparison with other antimicrobials should be assessed...
  62. pmc An origin of bidirectional DNA replication is located within a CpG island at the 3" end of the chicken lysozyme gene
    L Phi-van
    Institut fur Tierzucht und Tierverhalten, Bundesforschungsanstalt für Landwirtschaft, Dörnbergstrasse 25 27, 29223 Celle, Germany
    Nucleic Acids Res 27:3009-17. 1999
    ..Our results suggest that the non-methylated CpG island and the HS provide an accessible chromatin structure for the lysozyme gene origin of replication...