Samuel R Friedman

Summary

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Consistent condom use among drug-using youth in a high HIV-risk neighbourhood
    S R Friedman
    National Development Research Institutes, Inc, New York, NY 10010, USA
    AIDS Care 14:493-507. 2002
  2. pmc Positive deviance control-case life history: a method to develop grounded hypotheses about successful long-term avoidance of infection
    Samuel R Friedman
    National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, 71 West 23d Street, 8th Floor, New York, NY 10010, USA
    BMC Public Health 8:94. 2008
  3. pmc Injecting and sexual risk correlates of HBV and HCV seroprevalence among new drug injectors
    Alan Neaigus
    Institute for International Research on Youth at Risk, National Development and Research Institutes Inc, 71 West 23rd Street, New York City, NY 10010, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 89:234-43. 2007
  4. ncbi request reprint Predictors of the degree of drug treatment coverage for injection drug users in 94 metropolitan areas in the United States of America
    Samuel R Friedman
    National Development and Research Institutes, New York, NY 10010, USA
    Int J Drug Policy 18:475-85. 2007
  5. ncbi request reprint Reductions in hepatitis C virus and HIV infections among injecting drug users in New York City, 1990-2001
    Don C Des Jarlais
    Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, NY 10038, USA
    AIDS 19:S20-5. 2005
  6. ncbi request reprint The transition from injection to non-injection drug use: long-term outcomes among heroin and cocaine users in New York City
    Don C Des Jarlais
    Beth Israel Medical Center, Baron Edmond de Rothschild Chemical Dependency Institute, New York, NY 10038, USA
    Addiction 102:778-85. 2007
  7. pmc Persistent racial/ethnic disparities in AIDS diagnosis rates among people who inject drugs in U.S. metropolitan areas, 1993-2007
    Enrique R Pouget
    National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, New York, NY
    Public Health Rep 129:267-79. 2014
  8. ncbi request reprint Gender differences in injection risk behaviors at the first injection episode
    Vera Frajzyngier
    Institute for International Research on Youth at Risk, National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, New York City, NY 11215, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 89:145-52. 2007
  9. ncbi request reprint Sexual and other noninjection risks for HBV and HCV seroconversions among noninjecting heroin users
    Alan Neaigus
    Institute for International Research on Youth at Risk, National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, New York, NY 10010, USA
    J Infect Dis 195:1052-61. 2007
  10. pmc Greater drug injecting risk for HIV, HBV, and HCV infection in a city where syringe exchange and pharmacy syringe distribution are illegal
    Alan Neaigus
    Institute for International Research on Youth at Risk, National Development and Research Institutes, 71 West 23rd Street, 8th Floor, New York, NY 10010, USA
    J Urban Health 85:309-22. 2008

Detail Information

Publications70

  1. ncbi request reprint Consistent condom use among drug-using youth in a high HIV-risk neighbourhood
    S R Friedman
    National Development Research Institutes, Inc, New York, NY 10010, USA
    AIDS Care 14:493-507. 2002
    ..These changes should include changes in gender roles and power relations...
  2. pmc Positive deviance control-case life history: a method to develop grounded hypotheses about successful long-term avoidance of infection
    Samuel R Friedman
    National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, 71 West 23d Street, 8th Floor, New York, NY 10010, USA
    BMC Public Health 8:94. 2008
    ..Prevalence rates for long-term injection drug users in some localities surpass 60% for HIV and 80% for HCV. We describe methods for developing grounded hypotheses about how some injectors avoid infection with either virus...
  3. pmc Injecting and sexual risk correlates of HBV and HCV seroprevalence among new drug injectors
    Alan Neaigus
    Institute for International Research on Youth at Risk, National Development and Research Institutes Inc, 71 West 23rd Street, New York City, NY 10010, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 89:234-43. 2007
    ..Early interventions, targeting injecting and sexual risks and including HBV vaccination, are needed among new IDUs to prevent HBV, HCV and, potentially, HIV epidemics...
  4. ncbi request reprint Predictors of the degree of drug treatment coverage for injection drug users in 94 metropolitan areas in the United States of America
    Samuel R Friedman
    National Development and Research Institutes, New York, NY 10010, USA
    Int J Drug Policy 18:475-85. 2007
    ..Here, we determine which metropolitan area characteristics are associated with drug treatment coverage...
  5. ncbi request reprint Reductions in hepatitis C virus and HIV infections among injecting drug users in New York City, 1990-2001
    Don C Des Jarlais
    Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, NY 10038, USA
    AIDS 19:S20-5. 2005
    ..The 1990-2001 time period included a very large expansion of syringe exchange in New York City, from 250,000 to 3,000,000 syringes exchanged annually...
  6. ncbi request reprint The transition from injection to non-injection drug use: long-term outcomes among heroin and cocaine users in New York City
    Don C Des Jarlais
    Beth Israel Medical Center, Baron Edmond de Rothschild Chemical Dependency Institute, New York, NY 10038, USA
    Addiction 102:778-85. 2007
    ..To characterize heroin and cocaine users in New York City who have changed from injection to non-injection drug administration and to identify factors associated with long-term non-injection use...
  7. pmc Persistent racial/ethnic disparities in AIDS diagnosis rates among people who inject drugs in U.S. metropolitan areas, 1993-2007
    Enrique R Pouget
    National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, New York, NY
    Public Health Rep 129:267-79. 2014
    ..S. metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) over time to assess the change in disparities after highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) dissemination...
  8. ncbi request reprint Gender differences in injection risk behaviors at the first injection episode
    Vera Frajzyngier
    Institute for International Research on Youth at Risk, National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, New York City, NY 11215, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 89:145-52. 2007
    ..To examine gender differences in drug injection equipment sharing at injecting initiation...
  9. ncbi request reprint Sexual and other noninjection risks for HBV and HCV seroconversions among noninjecting heroin users
    Alan Neaigus
    Institute for International Research on Youth at Risk, National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, New York, NY 10010, USA
    J Infect Dis 195:1052-61. 2007
    ..Many heroin users do not inject drugs but may still be at risk of infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV), via sexual or other noninjection-related activity...
  10. pmc Greater drug injecting risk for HIV, HBV, and HCV infection in a city where syringe exchange and pharmacy syringe distribution are illegal
    Alan Neaigus
    Institute for International Research on Youth at Risk, National Development and Research Institutes, 71 West 23rd Street, 8th Floor, New York, NY 10010, USA
    J Urban Health 85:309-22. 2008
    ..Legalizing and rapidly implementing sterile syringe distribution programs are critical for reducing parenterally transmitted HIV, HBV, and HCV among IDUs...
  11. ncbi request reprint For the common good: measuring residents' efforts to protect their community from drug- and sex-related harm
    Pedro Mateu-Gelabert
    NDRI, Inc, New York, USA
    SAHARA J 5:144-57. 2008
    ..It can benefit public health practitioners by helping them understand the environments in which they are intervening and by helping them find ways to cooperate with local neighbourhood-level health activists...
  12. pmc Persistence and change in disparities in HIV infection among injection drug users in New York City after large-scale syringe exchange programs
    Don C Des Jarlais
    Beth Israel Medical Center, 160 Water St 24th Fl, New York, NY 10038, USA
    Am J Public Health 99:S445-51. 2009
    ..We examined racial/ethnic disparities in HIV infection among injection drug users (IDUs) before and after implementation of large-scale syringe exchange programs in New York City...
  13. pmc Metropolitan social environments and pre-HAART/HAART era changes in mortality rates (per 10,000 adult residents) among injection drug users living with AIDS
    Samuel R Friedman
    Institute of Infectious Disease Research, National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, New York, New York, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 8:e57201. 2013
    ..We assess metropolitan area characteristics associated with decline in mortality rates among IDUs living with AIDS (per 10,000 adult MSA residents) after highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) was developed...
  14. pmc Estimates of the population prevalence of injection drug users among hispanic residents of large US metropolitan areas
    Enrique R Pouget
    National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, New York, NY, USA
    J Urban Health 89:527-64. 2012
    ..Future research should attempt to determine to what extent these trends are applicable to Hispanic national origin subgroups...
  15. pmc HIV incidence among injection drug users in New York City, 1990 to 2002: use of serologic test algorithm to assess expansion of HIV prevention services
    Don C Des Jarlais
    Beth Israel Medical Center, 1st Ave and 16th St, New York, NY 10003, USA
    Am J Public Health 95:1439-44. 2005
    ..Syringe exchange increased greatly during this period, from 250,000 to 3,000,000 syringes exchanged annually...
  16. pmc Group sex events and HIV/STI risk in an urban network
    Samuel R Friedman
    National Development and Research Institutes, 71 West 23rd Street, 8th Floor, New York, NY 10010, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 49:440-6. 2008
    ..To describe: (a) the prevalence and individual and network characteristics of group sex events (GSEs) and GSE attendees; and (b) HIV/sexually transmitted infection (STI) discordance among respondents who said they went to a GSE together...
  17. pmc Social capital or networks, negotiations, and norms? A neighborhood case study
    Samuel R Friedman
    National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, New York, New York 10010, USA
    Am J Prev Med 32:S160-70. 2007
    ....
  18. pmc Estimating the prevalence of injection drug users in the U.S. and in large U.S. metropolitan areas from 1992 to 2002
    Joanne E Brady
    Institute for AIDS Research, National Development and Research Institutes, Inc NDRI, 71 West 23rd Street, 8th Floor, New York, NY 10010, USA
    J Urban Health 85:323-51. 2008
    ....
  19. pmc Harm reduction theory: users' culture, micro-social indigenous harm reduction, and the self-organization and outside-organizing of users' groups
    Samuel R Friedman
    National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, New York, NY, United States
    Int J Drug Policy 18:107-17. 2007
    ..Finally, both researchers and policy makers should help develop ways to enable and support both micro-social and formally organized action by users...
  20. ncbi request reprint Convergence of HIV seroprevalence among injecting and non-injecting drug users in New York City
    Don C Des Jarlais
    Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, New York 10038, USA
    AIDS 21:231-5. 2007
    ..As HIV is efficiently transmitted through the sharing of drug-injecting equipment, HIV infection has historically been higher among injecting drug users...
  21. pmc Correlates of syringe coverage for heroin injection in 35 large metropolitan areas in the US in which heroin is the dominant injected drug
    Barbara Tempalski
    National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, New York, NY, USA
    Int J Drug Policy 19:S47-58. 2008
    ..Notably, we know little about variations in syringe coverage within the U.S. and elsewhere, or about the social and political factors that might determine this coverage...
  22. doi request reprint Theorizing "Big Events" as a potential risk environment for drug use, drug-related harm and HIV epidemic outbreaks
    Samuel R Friedman
    National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, 71 West 23rd Street, 8th Floor, New York, NY 10010, USA
    Int J Drug Policy 20:283-91. 2009
    ....
  23. pmc Gender and age patterns in HSV-2 and HIV infection among non-injecting drug users in New York City
    Don C Des Jarlais
    Beth Israel Medical Center, Baron Edmond de Rothschild Chemical Dependency Institute, New York, NY 10038, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 37:637-43. 2010
    ..To examine prevalence of and associations between herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) infection and HIV infection among never-injecting heroin and cocaine drug users (NIDUs) in New York City...
  24. pmc Social and political factors predicting the presence of syringe exchange programs in 96 US metropolitan areas
    Barbara Tempalski
    Center for Drug Use and HIV Research, National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, New York, NY 10010, USA
    Am J Public Health 97:437-47. 2007
    ..Need was not a predictor...
  25. pmc Syringe exchange, injecting and intranasal drug use
    Don C Des Jarlais
    Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, New York 10038, USA
    Addiction 105:155-8. 2010
    ..The belief that implementation of syringe exchange will lead to increased drug injecting has been a persistent argument against syringe exchange...
  26. ncbi request reprint "Informed altruism" and "partner restriction" in the reduction of HIV infection in injecting drug users entering detoxification treatment in New York City, 1990-2001
    Don C Des Jarlais
    Beth Israel Medical Center and dagger National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, New York, NY, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 35:158-66. 2004
    ..To assess recent developments in the HIV epidemic in injecting drug users (IDUs) in New York City. With >50,000 cases of AIDS in IDUs, New York has experienced the largest HIV/AIDS epidemic in IDUs of any city in the world...
  27. pmc HIV among injection drug users in large US metropolitan areas, 1998
    Samuel R Friedman
    Institute for AIDS Research, National Development and Research Institutes, 71 West 23rd Street, 8th Floor, New York, NY 10010, USA
    J Urban Health 82:434-45. 2005
    ....
  28. pmc Changes in the prevalence of injection drug use among adolescents and young adults in large U.S. metropolitan areas
    Sudip Chatterjee
    National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, New York, NY 10010, USA
    AIDS Behav 15:1570-8. 2011
    ..64) to 2002 (mean = 115.59). Additional analyses of the proportion of young IDUs using health services suggest this increase may have continued after 2002. Harm reduction and prevention research and programs for young IDUs are needed...
  29. pmc Social and behavioral correlates of sexually transmitted infection- and HIV-discordant sexual partnerships in Bushwick, Brooklyn, New York
    Maria R Khan
    National Development and Research Institutes, New York, NY 10010, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 51:470-85. 2009
    ..Additional social and behavioral variables may be useful for identifying priority populations...
  30. ncbi request reprint Relationships of deterrence and law enforcement to drug-related harms among drug injectors in US metropolitan areas
    Samuel R Friedman
    National Development and Research Institutes, New York, NY 10010, USA
    AIDS 20:93-9. 2006
    ..To understand associations of punitive policies to the population prevalence of injection drug users and to HIV seroprevalence among injectors...
  31. ncbi request reprint Racial/ethnic disparities in injection drug use in large US metropolitan areas
    Hannah Cooper
    Medical and Health Research Association of New York City, Inc, NY, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 15:326-34. 2005
    ....
  32. pmc Trends in the population prevalence of people who inject drugs in US metropolitan areas 1992-2007
    Barbara Tempalski
    Institute for AIDS Research, National Development and Research Institutes, Inc NDRI, New York, New York, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 8:e64789. 2013
    ..Current estimates of PWID and PWID subpopulations will help target services and help to understand long-term health trends among PWID populations...
  33. ncbi request reprint Variability in the incidence of human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B virus, and hepatitis C virus infection among young injecting drug users in New York City
    Don C Des Jarlais
    Baron Edmond de Rothschild Chemical Dependency Institute, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, NY 10003, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 157:467-71. 2003
    ..0/100 person-years) at the Lower East Side site. Results show that high rates of HBV and HCV transmission do not imply high rates of HIV transmission, even within an area of high HIV seroprevalence...
  34. pmc Drug arrests and injection drug deterrence
    Samuel R Friedman
    National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, New York, NY 10010, USA
    Am J Public Health 101:344-9. 2011
    ..We tested the hypothesis that higher rates of previous hard drug-related arrests predict lower rates of injection drug use...
  35. pmc Residential segregation and injection drug use prevalence among Black adults in US metropolitan areas
    Hannah L F Cooper
    Medical and Health Research Association of New York City, Inc, New York, NY, USA
    Am J Public Health 97:344-52. 2007
    ..We analyzed the relations of two 1990 dimensions of racial residential segregation (isolation and concentration) with 1998 injection drug use prevalence among Black adult residents of 93 large US metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs)...
  36. ncbi request reprint New York City injection drug users' memories of syringe-sharing patterns and changes during the peak of the HIV/AIDS epidemic
    Russell Rockwell
    National Development and Research Institutes Inc, New York, New York 10010, USA
    AIDS Behav 10:691-8. 2006
    ..IDUs remember when they first became aware of AIDS and began to adjust their behaviors and social assumptions...
  37. ncbi request reprint Transitions to injecting drug use among noninjecting heroin users: social network influence and individual susceptibility
    Alan Neaigus
    Institute for International Research on Youth at Risk, National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, New York, NY 10010, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 41:493-503. 2006
    ..To determine the incidence/predictors of transitions to injecting among noninjecting heroin users (NIUs)...
  38. ncbi request reprint Some data-driven reflections on priorities in AIDS network research
    Samuel R Friedman
    National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, 71 West 23rd Street, 8th Floor, New York, NY 10010, USA
    AIDS Behav 11:641-51. 2007
    ....
  39. pmc Symbiotic goals and the prevention of blood-borne viruses among injection drug users
    Samuel R Friedman
    Center for Drug Use and HIV Research, National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, New York, New York 10010, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 46:307-15. 2011
    ..These hypotheses should be tested using cohort studies and prevention trials to see if helping IDUs attain symbiotic goals reduces infection risk. The study's limitations are noted...
  40. pmc Structural and social contexts of HIV risk Among African Americans
    Samuel R Friedman
    Center for Drug Use and HIV Research, National Development and Research Institutes, New York, NY, USA
    Am J Public Health 99:1002-8. 2009
    ..Finally, we conclude with a discussion of how these perspectives might help reduce HIV transmission among African Americans...
  41. ncbi request reprint Drug use patterns and infection with sexually transmissible agents among young adults in a high-risk neighbourhood in New York City
    Samuel R Friedman
    National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, 71 West 23rd Street, New York, NY 10010, USA
    Addiction 98:159-69. 2003
    ..Drug users, particularly injection drug users and crack smokers, may be a core group for some sexually transmitted infections...
  42. ncbi request reprint Risk correlates of prevalent HIV, hepatitis B virus, and hepatitis C virus infections among noninjecting heroin users
    V Anna Gyarmathy
    National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, New York City, New York 10010, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 30:448-56. 2002
    ..To examine lifetime correlates of HIV and hepatitis B and C (HBV and HCV) infections among noninjecting heroin users (NIUs)...
  43. pmc HIV prevalence rates among injection drug users in 96 large US metropolitan areas, 1992-2002
    Barbara Tempalski
    National Development and Research Institutes, 71 West 23rd Street, 8th Floor, New York, NY 10010, USA
    J Urban Health 86:132-54. 2009
    ..These results warrant further research into the population dynamics of disease progression, access to health services, and the effects of HIV prevention interventions for IDUs...
  44. doi request reprint HIV heterosexual sexual risk from injecting drug users among HIV-seronegative noninjecting heroin users
    Alan Neaigus
    National Development and Research Institutes, New York, New York, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 46:208-17. 2011
    ..90), and lower versus higher perceived social distance from IDUs (AOR = 1.60). Interventions should target female NIUs, ex-IDUs, and NIU members of IDU social and sexual networks. The study's limitations are noted...
  45. ncbi request reprint Herpes simplex virus-2 and HIV among noninjecting drug users in New York city
    Don C Des Jarlais
    Baron Edmond de Rothschild Chemical Dependency Institute, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, NY 10038, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 34:923-7. 2007
    ..To examine the relationship between herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2) seroprevalence and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seroprevalence among noninjecting heroin and cocaine users in New York City...
  46. ncbi request reprint Audio-computerized self-interviewing versus face-to-face interviewing for research data collection at drug abuse treatment programs
    Theresa E Perlis
    National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, New York, NY 10003, USA
    Addiction 99:885-96. 2004
    ..A-CASI has been found to increase reporting of sensitive items among a variety of population subgroups...
  47. pmc Developing Measures of Pathways that May Link Macro Social/Structural Changes with HIV Epidemiology
    Enrique R Pouget
    Institute for Infectious Disease Research, National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, 71 West 23rd St, 4th Floor, New York, NY, 10010, USA
    AIDS Behav 20:1808-20. 2016
    ..62-0.91). Research is needed in different contexts to evaluate whether these measures can be used to better understand HIV outbreaks and help improve social/structural HIV prevention intervention programs. ..
  48. ncbi request reprint Interpersonal Attacks on the Dignity of Members of HIV Key Populations: A Descriptive and Exploratory Study
    Samuel R Friedman
    National Development and Research Institutes Inc, Institute for Infectious Disease Research, 71 West 23rd St, 4th Floor, New York, NY, 10010, USA
    AIDS Behav . 2016
    ..Dignity attacks and their health effects require more research and creative interventions, some of which might take untraditional forms like social movements...
  49. pmc A complex systems approach to evaluate HIV prevention in metropolitan areas: preliminary implications for combination intervention strategies
    Brandon D L Marshall
    Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, New York, New York, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e44833. 2012
    ..We describe the development of a conceptual framework and calibration of an agent-based model (ABM) to examine how combinations of interventions may reduce and potentially eliminate HIV transmission among drug-using populations...
  50. pmc Group sex events amongst non-gay drug users: an understudied risk environment
    Samuel R Friedman
    National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, 71 West 23d Street, New York, NY 10010, USA
    Int J Drug Policy 22:1-8. 2011
    ..Such interventions are needed and should be developed...
  51. ncbi request reprint Risk networks and racial/ethnic differences in the prevalence of HIV infection among injection drug users
    Benny J Kottiri
    Institute for AIDS Research, National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, New York, New York, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 30:95-104. 2002
    ..In Bushwick, racially/ethnically discordant risk partnerships involving black IDUs may function as potential bridges of transmission between groups...
  52. pmc HIV prevalence, risk behaviors, and high-risk sexual and injection networks among young women injectors who have sex with women
    Samuel R Friedman
    National Development and Research Institutes Inc, New York, NY 10010, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:902-6. 2003
  53. doi request reprint Income inequality, drug-related arrests, and the health of people who inject drugs: Reflections on seventeen years of research
    Samuel R Friedman
    National Development and Research Institute, Inc, 71 West 23rd Street, 4th Floor, New York, NY 10010, USA Electronic address
    Int J Drug Policy 32:11-6. 2016
    ....
  54. pmc Do metropolitan HIV epidemic histories and programs for people who inject drugs and men who have sex with men predict AIDS incidence and mortality among heterosexuals?
    Samuel R Friedman
    Institute of Infectious Disease Research, National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, New York, NY Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Md Electronic address
    Ann Epidemiol 24:304-11. 2014
    ..AIDS incidence and mortality among heterosexuals?; and (3) Was the size of the potential bridge population of noninjecting drug users (NIDUs) in a metropolitan area associated with later AIDS incidence and mortality among heterosexuals?..
  55. pmc Theory, measurement and hard times: some issues for HIV/AIDS research
    Samuel R Friedman
    Institute of Infectious Diseases Research, National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, 71 West 23rd Street, 8th Floor, New York, NY 10010, USA
    AIDS Behav 17:1915-25. 2013
    ..Using CHAT concepts, we also suggest a number of areas in which new measures should be developed to make such research possible...
  56. pmc Correlates of staying safe behaviors among long-term injection drug users: psychometric evaluation of the staying safe questionnaire
    Peter Važan
    National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, New York, NY 10010, USA
    AIDS Behav 16:1472-81. 2012
    ..Associations among variables offer suggestions for potential interventions. These Staying Safe variables can be used as predictors of risk behaviors and/or biological outcomes...
  57. pmc Strategies to avoid opiate withdrawal: implications for HCV and HIV risks
    Pedro Mateu-Gelabert
    National Development Research Institutes, Inc, New York, NY 10010, United States
    Int J Drug Policy 21:179-85. 2010
    ..However, there is little scientific knowledge on how heroin withdrawal affects injection behaviour. This paper explores how withdrawal episodes heighten unsafe injection practices and how some long-term injectors manage such risks...
  58. ncbi request reprint Drug-scene roles and HIV risk among Puerto Rican injection drug users in East Harlem, New York and Bayamón, Puerto Rico
    Samuel R Friedman
    National Development and Research Institutes, New York, New York 10010, USA
    J Psychoactive Drugs 34:363-9. 2002
    ..Although further research is needed, drug-scene role-holders should be targeted for interventions to affect their own risk and their communications with others...
  59. pmc Diffusion of the D.A.R.E and syringe exchange programs
    Don C Des Jarlais
    Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, NY 10038, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:1354-8. 2006
    ..The decision theory concepts of framing and loss aversion may be useful for further research on the diffusion of public health innovations...
  60. ncbi request reprint Exploring an HIV paradox: an ethnography of sexual minority women injectors
    Rebecca M Young
    Barnard College, Department of Women s Studies, New York, NY 10027, USA
    J Lesbian Stud 9:103-16. 2005
    ..However, multiple marginalization was found to be pervasive and to have severe consequences that can be traced to increased HIV risk for many women in the study...
  61. pmc Measuring Altruistic and Solidaristic Orientations Toward Others Among People Who Inject Drugs
    Samuel R Friedman
    a Institute for Infectious Disease Research, National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, New York, New York, USA
    J Addict Dis 34:248-54. 2015
    ..They can be used to study how big events or structural interventions affect altruism and solidarity, and how altruism and solidarity are associated with changes in HIV or other risks, among people who inject drugs. ..
  62. pmc Trends in the AIDS epidemic among New York City's injection drug users: localized or citywide?
    Russell Rockwell
    National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, New York, New York, USA
    J Urban Health 79:136-46. 2002
    ..Enhancing access to services for IDUs in the boroughs outside Manhattan may be needed to continue the positive trends in all areas of New York City...
  63. doi request reprint HIV risk behaviors among young drug using women who have sex with women (WSWs) in New York City
    Danielle C Ompad
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, New York 10029 5283, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 46:274-84. 2011
    ..e., decreased access to resources and health care utilization and violence victimization) that might contribute overall HIV risk. The study's limitations are noted...
  64. pmc Nationwide increase in the number of hospitalizations for illicit injection drug use-related infective endocarditis
    Hannah L F Cooper
    National Development and Research Institutes, New York, NY, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 45:1200-3. 2007
    ..e., injection drug users) remained stable. Increasing methamphetamine use and/or drug injection frequency may have increased the incidence of infective endocarditis among active injection drug users...
  65. doi request reprint HIV among drug users at Beth Israel Medical Center, New York City, the first 25 years
    Don C Des Jarlais
    Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, New York 10038, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 46:131-9. 2011
    ....
  66. pmc Persistence of low drug treatment coverage for injection drug users in large US metropolitan areas
    Barbara Tempalski
    National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, 71 West 23rd Street, 8th Fl, New York, NY 10010, USA
    Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 5:23. 2010
    ..Yet, little is known about changes in drug treatment availability for IDUs in the U.S. This paper investigates change in drug treatment coverage for IDUs in 90 metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) during 1993-2002...
  67. pmc Resilience among IDUs: planning strategies to help injection drug users to protect themselves and others from HIV/HCV infections
    Skultip Sirikantraporn
    Institute for AIDS Research, National Development and Research Institutes NDRI, New York, New York 10010, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 47:1125-33. 2012
    ..Implications related to resilience in IDUs are discussed and the study's limitations have been noted...
  68. doi request reprint What we do not know about organizations of people who use drugs
    Samuel R Friedman
    National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, New York, NY 10010, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 47:568-72. 2012
    ..In this paper, we present some brief thoughts about drug users' organizations. After a brief discussion of users groups' history, we suggest a number of issues that require further research...
  69. pmc Estimating numbers of injecting drug users in metropolitan areas for structural analyses of community vulnerability and for assessing relative degrees of service provision for injecting drug users
    Samuel R Friedman
    Institute for AIDS Research, National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, New York, NY 10010, USA
    J Urban Health 81:377-400. 2004
    ..Although service provision levels varied considerably, few if any metropolitan areas seemed to be providing adequate levels of services...
  70. pmc Changes in HIV seroprevalence and related behaviors among male injection drug users who do and do not have sex with men: New York City, 1990-1999
    Carey B Maslow
    National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, 71 West 23rd Street, New York, NY 10010, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:382-4. 2002
    ..This study examined HIV prevalence and risk behaviors among male injection drug users (IDUs) who have sex with men and among other male IDUs...