Berit L Heitmann

Summary

Affiliation: Copenhagen University Hospital
Country: Denmark

Publications

  1. pmc The Healthy Start project: a randomized, controlled intervention to prevent overweight among normal weight, preschool children at high risk of future overweight
    Nanna Julie Olsen
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies, Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen Capital Region, Copenhagen University Hospitals, Copenhagen, Denmark
    BMC Public Health 12:590. 2012
  2. doi Hip Hip Hurrah! Hip size inversely related to heart disease and total mortality
    B L Heitmann
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies, Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen K, Denmark
    Obes Rev 12:478-81. 2011
  3. doi Remaining teeth, cardiovascular morbidity and death among adult Danes
    B L Heitmann
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies, Institute of Preventive Medicine, Centre for Health and Society, Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark
    Prev Med 47:156-60. 2008
  4. pmc Thigh circumference and risk of heart disease and premature death: prospective cohort study
    Berit L Heitmann
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies, Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, DK 1357 Copenhagen K, Denmark
    BMJ 339:b3292. 2009
  5. doi Obesity, leanness, and mortality: effect modification by physical activity in men and women
    Berit L Heitmann
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies, Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 17:136-42. 2009
  6. ncbi Intake of ruminant trans fatty acids and risk of coronary heart disease
    Marianne U Jakobsen
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies at Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Centre for Health and Society, Øster Søgade 18, DK 1357 Copenhagen, Denmark
    Int J Epidemiol 37:173-82. 2008
  7. pmc Alcohol intake and risk of coronary heart disease in younger, middle-aged, and older adults
    Ulla A Hvidtfeldt
    Centre for Alcohol Research, National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Circulation 121:1589-97. 2010
  8. ncbi Alcohol drinking frequency in relation to subsequent changes in waist circumference
    Janne S Tolstrup
    Center for Alcohol Research, National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:957-63. 2008
  9. pmc 24h urinary sodium excretion and subsequent change in weight, waist circumference and body composition
    Sofus C Larsen
    Institute of Preventive Medicine, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospitals, Copenhagen University Hospital, the Capital Region, Copenhagen, Denmark
    PLoS ONE 8:e69689. 2013
  10. doi Intake of dairy calcium and tooth loss among adult Danish men and women
    Amanda R A Adegboye
    Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Nutrition 28:779-84. 2012

Detail Information

Publications78

  1. pmc The Healthy Start project: a randomized, controlled intervention to prevent overweight among normal weight, preschool children at high risk of future overweight
    Nanna Julie Olsen
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies, Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen Capital Region, Copenhagen University Hospitals, Copenhagen, Denmark
    BMC Public Health 12:590. 2012
    ....
  2. doi Hip Hip Hurrah! Hip size inversely related to heart disease and total mortality
    B L Heitmann
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies, Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen K, Denmark
    Obes Rev 12:478-81. 2011
    ..In this 'viewpoint', we wish to draw attention to the emerging body of evidence and to encourage researchers to continue collecting measures of lower body size in their surveys...
  3. doi Remaining teeth, cardiovascular morbidity and death among adult Danes
    B L Heitmann
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies, Institute of Preventive Medicine, Centre for Health and Society, Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark
    Prev Med 47:156-60. 2008
    ..To examine if number of remaining teeth was associated with development of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality over 5-12 years...
  4. pmc Thigh circumference and risk of heart disease and premature death: prospective cohort study
    Berit L Heitmann
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies, Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, DK 1357 Copenhagen K, Denmark
    BMJ 339:b3292. 2009
    ..To examine associations between thigh circumference and incident cardiovascular disease and coronary heart disease and total mortality...
  5. doi Obesity, leanness, and mortality: effect modification by physical activity in men and women
    Berit L Heitmann
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies, Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 17:136-42. 2009
    ..Among women physical activity lowers mortality, but an effect-modifying potential of physical activity on associations between BMI or body composition could not be identified...
  6. ncbi Intake of ruminant trans fatty acids and risk of coronary heart disease
    Marianne U Jakobsen
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies at Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Centre for Health and Society, Øster Søgade 18, DK 1357 Copenhagen, Denmark
    Int J Epidemiol 37:173-82. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to describe the association between R-TFA intake and risk of CHD evaluating both the absolute and the energy-adjusted intake...
  7. pmc Alcohol intake and risk of coronary heart disease in younger, middle-aged, and older adults
    Ulla A Hvidtfeldt
    Centre for Alcohol Research, National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Circulation 121:1589-97. 2010
    ..This study examined whether the beneficial effect of alcohol on coronary heart disease depends on age...
  8. ncbi Alcohol drinking frequency in relation to subsequent changes in waist circumference
    Janne S Tolstrup
    Center for Alcohol Research, National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:957-63. 2008
    ..Cross-sectional studies have reported a lower prevalence of abdominal obese persons among frequent drinkers than among nonfrequent drinkers...
  9. pmc 24h urinary sodium excretion and subsequent change in weight, waist circumference and body composition
    Sofus C Larsen
    Institute of Preventive Medicine, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospitals, Copenhagen University Hospital, the Capital Region, Copenhagen, Denmark
    PLoS ONE 8:e69689. 2013
    ....
  10. doi Intake of dairy calcium and tooth loss among adult Danish men and women
    Amanda R A Adegboye
    Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Nutrition 28:779-84. 2012
    ..To investigate whether gender differences in tooth loss are influenced by caries risk and sources of dietary calcium intake...
  11. pmc Smoking and risk of coronary heart disease in younger, middle-aged, and older adults
    Janne S Tolstrup
    Janne S Tolstrup and Esben Meulengracht Flachs are with the National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Copenhagen Ulla A Hvidtfeldt is with the Social Medicine Section, Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen Donna Spiegelman and Simin Liu are with the Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA Berit L Heitmann is with the Research Unit for Dietary Studies, Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Centre for Health and Society Katarina Bälter is with the Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden Uri Goldbourt is with the Section of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Henry N Neufeld Cardiac Research Institute, Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Israel Göran Hallmans is with the Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeaå University, Sweden Paul Knekt and Jarmo Virtamo are with the National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland Mark Pereira is with the Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis June Stevens is with Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill Diane Feskanich is with the Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston
    Am J Public Health 104:96-102. 2014
    ..We investigated associations of smoking and coronary heart disease (CHD) by age...
  12. doi N-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, body fat and inflammation
    Anne Sofie Q Lund
    Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Obes Facts 6:369-79. 2013
    ..We aimed to investigate if, among humans, intake of n-3 PUFAs was associated with i) total body fat, ii) body fat distribution and iii) obesity-related inflammatory markers...
  13. doi Fiber intake, not dietary energy density, is associated with subsequent change in BMI z-score among sub-groups of children
    Sofia I Iqbal Kring
    Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Obes Facts 1:331-8. 2008
    ..We examined the longitudinal relationship between dietary energy density, fiber intake, and body weight change over 3 years among Danish children...
  14. doi Interaction between genetic predisposition to obesity and dietary calcium in relation to subsequent change in body weight and waist circumference
    Sofus C Larsen
    Institute of Preventive Medicine, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospitals, the Capital Region, Copenhagen, Denmark SCL, LA, BLH, and TIAS the Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Basic Metabolic Research, Section on Metabolic Genetics, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark TSA, OP, TH, and TIAS the Research Centre for Prevention and Health, Glostrup University Hospital, Glostrup, Denmark TS, AL, LLNH, UT, and BLH the Danish Cancer Society Research Center, Copenhagen, Denmark NR, AT, and JH the Section of Epidemiology, Department of Public Health, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark KO the Department of Cardiology, Aalborg University Hospital, Aalborg, Denmark KO the National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark BLH and the Boden Institute of Obesity, Nutrition, Exercise and Eating Disorders
    Am J Clin Nutr 99:957-65. 2014
    ..Studies indicate an effect of dietary calcium on change in body weight (BW) and waist circumference (WC), but the results are inconsistent. Furthermore, a relation could depend on genetic predisposition to obesity...
  15. pmc Dietary ascorbic acid and subsequent change in body weight and waist circumference: associations may depend on genetic predisposition to obesity--a prospective study of three independent cohorts
    Sofus C Larsen
    Institute of Preventive Medicine, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospitals, the Capital Region, Nordre Fasanvej 57, Hovedvejen, entrance 5, Ground Floor, 2000, Frederiksberg Copenhagen, Denmark
    Nutr J 13:43. 2014
    ....
  16. doi Twin study of heritability of eating bread in Danish and Finnish men and women
    Ann L Hasselbalch
    Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen Capital Region, Copenhagen University Hospitals, Centre for Health and Society, DK 1357 Copenhagen, Denmark
    Twin Res Hum Genet 13:163-7. 2010
    ..Environmental factors shared by the co-twins (e.g., childhood environment) seem to have no significant effects on bread consumption and preference in adulthood...
  17. doi Past and current body size affect validity of reported energy intake among middle-aged Danish men
    Birgit M Nielsen
    Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospitals, Centre for Health and Society, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Nutr 139:2337-43. 2009
    ..Thus, underreporting of dietary intake seems to be associated with not only current BMI but also with current BMI in combination with previous BMI...
  18. doi Dietary carbohydrates and change in physical performance of elderly Europeans: Survey in Europe on Nutrition and the Elderly, a Concerted Action (SENECA) 1993 and 1999
    Iben Kynde
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies, Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Public Health Nutr 13:1186-90. 2010
    ..To study dietary glycaemic index (GI) and glycaemic load (GL) in association with physical performance in elderly Europeans...
  19. doi Recommended aerobic fitness level for metabolic health in children and adolescents: a study of diagnostic accuracy
    Amanda R A Adegboye
    1Research Unit for Dietary Studies, Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark
    Br J Sports Med 45:722-8. 2011
    ..To define the optimal cut-off for low aerobic fitness and to evaluate its accuracy to predict clustering of risk factors for cardiovascular disease in children and adolescents...
  20. doi Interactions between genetic variants associated with adiposity traits and soft drinks in relation to longitudinal changes in body weight and waist circumference
    Nanna J Olsen
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies at The Parker Institute and Institute of Preventive Medicine, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Am J Clin Nutr 104:816-26. 2016
    ..Intake of sugar-sweetened beverages is associated with obesity, and this association may be modified by a genetic predisposition to obesity...
  21. pmc A prospective study of the association between weight changes and self-rated health
    Mette K Simonsen
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies, Institute of Preventive Medicine, Centre for Health and Society, Copenhagen, Denmark
    BMC Womens Health 8:13. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to analyse the association between weight changes and changes in SRH among women. We also examined if poor SRH at baseline was associated with later weight gain...
  22. ncbi Glycemic index and glycemic load in relation to changes in body weight, body fat distribution, and body composition in adult Danes
    Helle Hare-Bruun
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies, Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:871-9; quiz 952-3. 2006
    ..A diet with a high glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) may promote overconsumption of energy and increase the risk of weight gain...
  23. doi Breastfeeding reduces postpartum weight retention
    Jennifer L Baker
    Centre for Health and Society, Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:1543-51. 2008
    ..Weight gained during pregnancy and not lost postpartum may contribute to obesity in women of childbearing age...
  24. doi Dietary α-linolenic acid, linoleic acid, and n-3 long-chain PUFA and risk of ischemic heart disease
    Mia Sadowa Vedtofte
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies at the Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Am J Clin Nutr 94:1097-103. 2011
    ..Whether these benefits can be achieved by both α-linolenic acid (ALA, 18:3n-3) and n-3 long-chain PUFA (LC-PUFA) is debatable...
  25. doi Should glycemic index and glycemic load be considered in dietary recommendations?
    Helle Hare-Bruun
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies, Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Centre for Health and Society, DK 1357 Copenhagen K, Denmark
    Nutr Rev 66:569-90. 2008
    ..Based on the evidence found in this review, it seems premature to include GI/GL in dietary recommendations...
  26. doi Common genetic components of obesity traits and serum leptin
    Ann L Hasselbalch
    Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 16:2723-9. 2008
    ....
  27. doi Low calcium intake is related to increased risk of tooth loss in men
    Amanda R A Adegboye
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies, Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen 1357, Denmark
    J Nutr 140:1864-8. 2010
    ..Given the high percentage of individuals with Ca intake below recommendations, consumption of foods rich in Ca should be promoted to preserve oral health...
  28. doi Influence of parental overweight on the association of birth weight and fat distribution later in childhood
    Amanda R A Adegboye
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies, Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Obes Facts 5:784-94. 2012
    ..To examine whether the association between birth weight and fat distribution in childhood is modified by parental overweight...
  29. doi Meals and snacks from the child's perspective: the contribution of qualitative methods to the development of dietary interventions
    Ida Husby
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies, Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Centre for Health and Society, Oster Sogade 18, DK 1357 Copenhagen K, Denmark
    Public Health Nutr 12:739-47. 2009
    ..To explore the everyday consumption of meals and snacks from the child's perspective, among those with healthier v. less healthy dietary habits...
  30. ncbi Food and drinking patterns as predictors of 6-year BMI-adjusted changes in waist circumference
    Jytte Halkjaer
    Danish Epidemiology Science Center at the Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark
    Br J Nutr 92:735-48. 2004
    ..Based on the present study, we conclude that very few food items and no food patterns seem to predict changes in WC, whereas high intakes of beer and spirits among women, and moderate to high tea intake among men, may promote gain in WC...
  31. ncbi Dietary glycaemic index and glycaemic load in Danish children in relation to body fatness
    Birgit M Nielsen
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies, Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark
    Br J Nutr 94:992-7. 2005
    ..15, SE=0.06, P=0.009). In conclusion, dietary GI and GL were positively associated with body fatness among Danish boys aged 16 years, whereas no associations were found among girls or younger boys...
  32. pmc Major types of dietary fat and risk of coronary heart disease: a pooled analysis of 11 cohort studies
    Marianne U Jakobsen
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies at the Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Centre for Health and Society, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1425-32. 2009
    ..Lower habitual intakes of SFAs, however, require substitution of other macronutrients to maintain energy balance...
  33. pmc Intake of dairy products in relation to periodontitis in older Danish adults
    Amanda R A Adegboye
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies, Institute of Preventive Medicine, Frederiksberg Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Nutrients 4:1219-29. 2012
    ..These results suggest that dairy calcium, particularly from milk and fermented products, may protect against periodontitis. Prospective studies are required to confirm these findings...
  34. pmc Television viewing, food preferences, and food habits among children: a prospective epidemiological study
    Helle Hare-Bruun
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies, Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Centre for Health and Society, DK 1357 Copenhagen K, Denmark
    BMC Public Health 11:311. 2011
    ..We hypothesized that more TV viewing was associated with less healthy concomitant and future food preferences and food habits...
  35. doi Studies of twins indicate that genetics influence dietary intake
    Ann Louise Hasselbalch
    Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Centre for Health and Society, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Nutr 138:2406-12. 2008
    ..Although the remaining nonshared environmental effects include measurement errors, there appears to be considerable potential for individually modifiable effects...
  36. doi Intentional weight loss and mortality among initially healthy men and women
    Mette K Simonsen
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies, Institute of Preventive Medicine, Center for Health and Society, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Nutr Rev 66:375-86. 2008
    ..Thus, it is still not possible for health authorities to make secure recommendations on intentional weight loss. More studies designed to specifically address this issue are warranted...
  37. pmc Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Status and Longitudinal Changes in Weight and Waist Circumference: Influence of Genetic Predisposition to Adiposity
    Sofus C Larsen
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies, The Parker Institute, Frederiksberg and Bispebjerg Hospitals, the Capital Region, Frederiksberg, Denmark
    PLoS ONE 11:e0153611. 2016
    ..Similarly, the study provided evidence that there is either no or very limited dependence on genetic predisposition to adiposity. ..
  38. pmc Interaction between genetic predisposition to adiposity and dietary protein in relation to subsequent change in body weight and waist circumference
    Mikkel Z Ankarfeldt
    Institute of Preventive Medicine, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital, the Capital Region, Copenhagen, Denmark Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
    PLoS ONE 9:e110890. 2014
    ..Genetic predisposition to adiposity may interact with dietary protein in relation to changes of anthropometry...
  39. pmc Association between the intake of α-linolenic acid and the risk of CHD
    Mia Sadowa Vedtofte
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies, Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen Municipal Hospitals Region H, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Br J Nutr 112:735-43. 2014
    ..No consistent association was observed among women. No effect modification by the intake of n-3 LCPUFA was observed. ..
  40. doi Intake of total dietary sugar and fibre is associated with insulin resistance among Danish 8-10- and 14-16-year-old girls but not boys. European Youth Heart Studies I and II
    Iben Kynde
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies at the Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Centre for Health and Society, Copenhagen N, Denmark
    Public Health Nutr 13:1669-74. 2010
    ..To examine the dietary intake of total sugar, added sugar, non-added sugar and starch as well as dietary fibre and glycaemic index (GI) and their respective associations with insulin resistance...
  41. ncbi Hip circumference and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in men and women
    Berit L Heitmann
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies and the Danish Epidemiology Science Centre, Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Obes Res 12:482-7. 2004
    ..The effect seems to be independent of both overweight and waist circumference. This paper aims to replicate this finding in another population-based sample consisting of women and men...
  42. ncbi Intake of ruminant trans fatty acids and risk of coronary heart disease-an overview
    Marianne U Jakobsen
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies and Danish Epidemiology Science Centre, Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark
    Atheroscler Suppl 7:9-11. 2006
    ..Moreover, further epidemiological studies of intake of R-TFA and risk of CHD in populations with a high intake of R-TFA are warranted...
  43. ncbi Do energy density and dietary fiber influence subsequent 5-year weight changes in adult men and women?
    Sofia I Iqbal
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies and Danish Epidemiology Science Centre at the Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Østre Søgade 18, DK 1399 Copenhagen K, Denmark
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 14:106-14. 2006
    ..We examined whether associations between dietary components and, in particular, energy density (ED) predicted subsequent 5-year weight changes...
  44. doi Obesity and sexual dysfunction in younger Danish men
    Ingelise Andersen
    Copenhagen University, Institute of Public Health Science Social Medicine, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Sex Med 5:2053-60. 2008
    ..It is, therefore, of interest to look at possible associations between obesity and sexual function in a homogeneous population...
  45. doi Association between dairy intake and caries among children and adolescents. results from the Danish EYHS follow-up study
    Susanne M Lempert
    National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Caries Res 49:251-8. 2015
    ..This relationship was inverse, meaning that a high intake of dairy products was associated with less future caries development. However, more studies on larger cohorts are needed to confirm these findings...
  46. doi Secular trends in seasonal variation in birth weight
    Camilla B Jensen
    Institute of Preventive Medicine, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital, the Capital Region, Copenhagen, Denmark Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark Electronic address
    Early Hum Dev 91:361-5. 2015
    ..Many environmental factors have been shown to influence birth weight (BW) and one of these are season of birth...
  47. doi No evidence of seasonality of birth in adult type 2 diabetes in Denmark
    Camilla B Jensen
    Institute of Preventive Medicine, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital, the Capital Region, Nordre Fasanvej 57, Hovedvejen, entrance 5, 2000, Frederiksberg, Denmark
    Diabetologia 58:2045-50. 2015
    ..The aim of this study was to determine whether the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes in Denmark changed with the season of birth...
  48. pmc Association between prenatal polychlorinated biphenyl exposure and obesity development at ages 5 and 7 y: a prospective cohort study of 656 children from the Faroe Islands
    Jeanett L Tang-Péronard
    Department of Environmental Medicine, Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark JLT P, HRA, PG, and TKJ the Research Unit for Dietary Studies, Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospitals, Frederiksberg, Denmark JLT P and BLH the National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark BLH the Boden Institute of Obesity, Nutrition, Exercise and Eating Disorders, Sydney Medical School, Sydney, Australia BLH the Department of Occupational Medicine and Public Health, Torshavn, Faroe Islands US and the Department of Environmental Medicine, Faroese Hospital System, Torshavn, Faroe Islands PW
    Am J Clin Nutr 99:5-13. 2014
    ..Chemicals with endocrine-disrupting abilities may act as obesogens and interfere with the body's natural weight-control mechanisms, especially if exposure occurs during prenatal life...
  49. doi The role of essential fatty acids in the control of coronary heart disease
    Mia S Vedtofte
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies, Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen Municipal Hospitals Region H, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 15:592-6. 2012
    ..The effect of the plant-derived alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) is, however, not clear. Concerns about a high n-6 PUFA intake has been raised, because n-6 PUFA may weaken the effects of n-3 PUFA...
  50. pmc Systematic review of clinical trials on dietary interventions to prevent excessive weight gain during pregnancy among normal weight, overweight and obese women
    Ida Tanentsapf
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Copenhagen University, Panum Instituttet, Copenhagen, Denmark
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 11:81. 2011
    ..The primary objective of this review was to evaluate the effect of dietary interventions for reducing GWG. The secondary objective was to examine the impact of these interventions on different child and maternal health outcomes...
  51. ncbi Large heterogeneity of the obesity epidemic in Danish adults
    Berit L Heitmann
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies, Copenhagen Centre for Prospective Population Studies, Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark
    Public Health Nutr 7:453-60. 2004
    ....
  52. doi A variant in the fat mass and obesity-associated gene (FTO) and variants near the melanocortin-4 receptor gene (MC4R) do not influence dietary intake
    Ann L Hasselbalch
    Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen Capital Region, Copenhagen University Hospitals, Centre for Health and Society, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Nutr 140:831-4. 2010
    ..The outcome of this study indicates that polymorphisms in the FTO gene and near the MC4R gene do not have a role in regulating food intake and preference for specific food items...
  53. doi Childhood obesity: successes and failures of preventive interventions
    Berit L Heitmann
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies, Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Centre for Health and Society, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Nutr Rev 67:S89-93. 2009
    ..As the poet, writer, and scholar Wittner Bynner (1881-1968) wrote, "The biggest problem in the world could have been solved when it was small"...
  54. ncbi [The cost of obesity on the Danish health care system]
    Ann Louise Worre-Jensen
    Københavns Universitetshospital, Institut for Sygdomsforebyggelse, København K
    Ugeskr Laeger 169:2634-7. 2007
    ..Quantitative measures of the economic costs related to obesity constitute a necessary basis for the organization of treatments, health promotion and for health policies...
  55. pmc Association between Hair Cortisol Concentration and Adiposity Measures among Children and Parents from the "Healthy Start" Study
    Sofus C Larsen
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies at The Parker Institute and Institute of Preventive Medicine, the Capital Region, Copenhagen, Denmark
    PLoS ONE 11:e0163639. 2016
    ..Previous studies have suggested a direct association between hair cortisol concentration (HCC) and Body Mass Index (BMI), as well as other adiposity measures. However, these studies have mostly been conducted among adult populations...
  56. doi Calcium, vitamin D, casein and whey protein intakes and periodontitis among Danish adults
    Amanda Ra Adegboye
    1Research Unit for Dietary Studies, Institute of Preventive Medicine, Frederiksberg and Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen University, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Public Health Nutr 19:503-10. 2016
    ..To investigate whether intakes of Ca, vitamin D, casein and whey are associated with periodontitis and to investigate the possibility of interactions between them...
  57. doi Intervention effects on dietary intake among children by maternal education level: results of the Copenhagen School Child Intervention Study (CoSCIS)
    Britt W Jensen
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies, Institute of Preventive Medicine, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital, the Capital Region, Hovedvejen Entrance 5, Nordre Fasanvej 57, DK 2000Frederiksberg, Denmark
    Br J Nutr 113:963-74. 2015
    ..As the dietary intake of this subgroup generally differs most from the recommendations, the results of the present study are particularly encouraging...
  58. doi Does prenatal exposure to vitamin D-fortified margarine and milk alter birth weight? A societal experiment
    Camilla B Jensen
    Institute of Preventive Medicine, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital, the Capital Region, Nordre Fasanvej 57, Hovedvejen, entrance 5, 1st Floor, 2000 Frederiksberg, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Br J Nutr 112:785-93. 2014
    ....
  59. doi Association between body mass index and caries among children and adolescents
    Susanne M Lempert
    National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 42:53-60. 2014
    ..The aim of this article was to examine the relationship between childhood caries, body mass index (BMI) and subsequent changes in BMI over 6 years, and to investigate whether these associations were modified by social class...
  60. pmc The influence of early exposure to vitamin D for development of diseases later in life
    Ramune Jacobsen
    Institute of Preventive Medicine, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospitals a part of Copenhagen University Hospital, Nordre Fasanvej 57, DK 2000 Frederiksberg, Denmark
    BMC Public Health 13:515. 2013
    ..The present study includes an in-depth examination of the influence of exposure to vitamin D early in life for development of fractures of the wrist, arm and clavicle; obesity, and type 1 diabetes (T1D) during child- and adulthood...
  61. ncbi Dietary fat and risk of coronary heart disease: possible effect modification by gender and age
    Marianne U Jakobsen
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies and Danish Epidemiology Science Centre, Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Am J Epidemiol 160:141-9. 2004
    ..In conclusion, the present study suggests that coronary heart disease risk relates to both the quantity and the quality of dietary fats...
  62. doi Hair dyeing, hair washing and hair cortisol concentrations among women from the healthy start study
    Sheila K Kristensen
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies at the Parker Institute, the Capital Region, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 77:182-185. 2016
    ..Hair cortisol concentration (HCC) has been suggested as a promising marker for chronic stress. However, studies investigating the influence of hair dyeing and hair washing frequency on HCC have shown inconsistent results...
  63. pmc Gestational and Early Infancy Exposure to Margarine Fortified with Vitamin D through a National Danish Programme and the Risk of Type 1 Diabetes: The D-Tect Study
    Ramune Jacobsen
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies, The Parker Institute, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospitals, the Capital Region, Frederiksberg, Denmark Institute of Preventive Medicine, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospitals, the Capital Region, Frederiksberg, Denmark
    PLoS ONE 10:e0128631. 2015
    ....
  64. doi Nutrient and food intakes in early life and risk of childhood fractures: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Mina N Händel
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies, Institute of Preventive Medicine and the Parker Institute, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital, Frederiksberg, Denmark Institute of Clinical Research, Odense Patient data Explorative Network, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
    Am J Clin Nutr 102:1182-95. 2015
    ..However, information based on a systematic review of the effect of various dietary foods and nutrients on fracture risk is lacking...
  65. doi Root caries, root surface restorations and lifestyle factors in adult Danes
    Lisa Bøge Christensen
    Department of Odontology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Acta Odontol Scand 73:467-73. 2015
    ..To investigate selected lifestyle factors in relation to active caries and restored root surface lesions in adults...
  66. doi Association between periodontal disease and overweight and obesity: a systematic review
    Amelie Keller
    Institute of Preventive Medicine, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Periodontol 86:766-76. 2015
    ..Therefore, longitudinal and experimental studies that assessed the association among overweight, obesity, weight gain, waist circumference, and periodontitis are reviewed...
  67. pmc The Gold Standard Programme: smoking cessation interventions for disadvantaged smokers are effective in a real-life setting
    Tim Neumann
    WHO CC, Clinical Health Promotion Centre, Bispebjerg University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Tob Control 22:e9. 2013
    ..To evaluate the real-life effect of an evidence-based Gold Standard Programme (GSP) for smoking cessation interventions in disadvantaged patients and to identify modifiable factors that consistently produce the highest abstinence rates...
  68. pmc Child behavioural problems and body size among 2-6 year old children predisposed to overweight. results from the "healthy start" study
    Nanna J Olsen
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies, Institute of Preventive Medicine, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospitals, the Capital Region, Copenhagen, Denmark University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
    PLoS ONE 8:e78974. 2013
    ..We examined if an increased level of child behavioural problems was associated with body size among a selected group of 2-6 year old children, who were all predisposed to develop overweight...
  69. ncbi Increased risk of stroke in hypertensive women using hormone therapy: analyses based on the Danish Nurse Study
    Ellen Løkkegaard
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hvidovre Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Arch Neurol 60:1379-84. 2003
    ..Differences in design, definitions of HT exposure, and stroke outcome may explain these discrepancies. Little attention has been paid to identifying subgroups of women who are particularly sensitive to HT...
  70. ncbi Assessment of habitual energy and macronutrient intake in adults: comparison of a seven day food record with a dietary history interview
    S Høidrup
    Copenhagen County Centre for Preventive Medicine, Research Unit for Dietary Studies, Medical Dept M, Glostrup University Hospital, Glostrup, Denmark
    Eur J Clin Nutr 56:105-13. 2002
    ....
  71. pmc Relation between hormone replacement therapy and ischaemic heart disease in women: prospective observational study
    E Løkkegaard
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Hvidovre University Hospital, Kettegard Alle 30, DK 2650 Hvidovre, Denmark
    BMJ 326:426. 2003
    ..To investigate the risk of ischaemic heart disease and myocardial infarction among women using hormone replacement therapy, especially the potential modifying effect of cardiovascular risk factors...
  72. ncbi Cardiovascular risk factors in men: The role of gonadal steroids and sex hormone-binding globulin
    J Gyllenborg
    Department of Growth and Reproduction GR, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
    Metabolism 50:882-8. 2001
    ..Thus, further studies on the potential role of SHBG in the development of ischemic heart disease (IHD) should be performed...
  73. ncbi Prevalence of obesity in Denmark
    P Due
    Department of Social Medicine, Institute of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Obes Rev 8:187-9. 2007
    ..A close association with birth cohorts indicates a need for further aetiological research, not only into behavioural factors, but also into early life factors that may explain some of this developmental pattern...
  74. ncbi Intake of ruminant trans fatty acids in the Danish population aged 1-80 years
    M U Jakobsen
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies and Danish Epidemiology Science Centre, Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Eur J Clin Nutr 60:312-8. 2006
    ..To estimate the intake of ruminant trans fatty acids (TFA) in the Danish population aged 1-80 years...
  75. ncbi A longitudinal study of food intake patterns and obesity in adult Danish men and women
    P Togo
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies at the Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 28:583-93. 2004
    ..The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that specific food intake patterns or changes in food intake patterns were related to future changes in body mass index (BMI)...
  76. ncbi The association between early menopause and risk of ischaemic heart disease: influence of Hormone Therapy
    E Løkkegaard
    The Danish Nurse Cohort Study, Center for Alcohol Research, National Institute of Public Health, Denmark
    Maturitas 53:226-33. 2006
    ..Observational studies suggest that early menopause is a risk factor for ischaemic heart disease. Yet, a clinical very relevant question is whether HT reduces this risk associated with early menopause...
  77. ncbi Waist circumference and body composition in relation to all-cause mortality in middle-aged men and women
    J Bigaard
    The Danish Cancer Society, Institute of Cancer Epidemiology, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Int J Obes (Lond) 29:778-84. 2005
    ..We investigated the association of waist circumference and body composition (body fat and fat-free mass), mutually adjusted, to all-cause mortality...
  78. ncbi Psychological workload is associated with weight gain between 1993 and 1999: analyses based on the Danish Nurse Cohort Study
    D Overgaard
    School of Nursing and Radiography, Copenhagen County, Herlev, Denmark
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 28:1072-81. 2004
    ..To examine associations between psychological workload and subsequent 6-y weight changes...